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validation silhouettes

F Thomas, J P Empana, M A Charles, P Boutouyrie, X Jouven, B Pannier, N Danchin
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: In epidemiological studies, recall of weight and height are not readily available at different ages of life. In order to improve the knowledge of the weight history, Sörensen et al. in 1983, developed a tool from silhouettes allowing an individual to evaluate his corpulence at different ages of life. Validity studies showed that measured weight and size were correlated to 80% in the reported silhouette. Studies have also shown that silhouettes are a good way to trace the weight history in an individual's life...
June 21, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Yue Zhao, Yuanzhen Li
In double planar mirror omnidirectional imaging systems, camera calibration is a crucial part of the 3D reconstruction process. Based on analysis of the imaging geometric features of double planar mirrors, three types of algorithms for the camera intrinsic parameters are presented by computing the imaged circular points and orthogonal vanishing points. The camera intrinsic parameters can be obtained by the constraints on the imaged circular points and the orthogonal vanishing points to the image of the absolute conic...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
Zhi Zhong, Haitao Qin, Lei Liu, Yabin Zhang, Mingguang Shan
A novel approach for silhouette-free image encryption based on interference is proposed using discrete multiple-parameter fractional Fourier transform (DMPFrFT), which generalizes from fractional Fourier transform. An original image is firstly applied by chaotic pixel scrambling (CPS) and then encoded into the real part of a complex signal. Using interference principle, the complex signal generates three phase-only masks in DMPFrFT domain. The silhouette of the original image cannot be extracted using one or two of the three phase-only masks...
March 20, 2017: Optics Express
Hojun Kim, Young-Jae Park
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether enterotypes in the gut microbiome could be determined by clustering validity indexes and whether these enterotypes were associated with individual differences in temperament traits. METHODS: Sixty healthy Korean participants (21 men; 27.5 ± 8.1 years, 39 women; 34.5 ± 14.3 years) were asked to answer 60 temperament questions (novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, and persistence) from the Korean version of the temperament and character inventory-125 (K-TCI-125)...
March 7, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
Miguel M Serrano, Yu-Ping Chen, Ayanna Howard, Patricio A Vela
The paper describes a computer vision method for estimating the clinical gait metrics of walking patients in unconstrained environments. The method employs background subtraction to produce a silhouette of the subject and a randomized decision forest to detect their feet. Given the feet detections, the stride and step length, cadence, and walking speed are estimated. Validation of the system is presented through an error analysis on manually annotated videos of subjects walking in different outdoor settings...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Miguel M Serrano, Yu-Ping Chen, Ayanna Howard, Patricio A Vela, Miguel M Serrano, Yu-Ping Chen, Ayanna Howard, Patricio A Vela, Miguel M Serrano, Ayanna Howard, Patricio A Vela, Yu-Ping Chen
The paper describes a computer vision method for estimating the clinical gait metrics of walking patients in unconstrained environments. The method employs background subtraction to produce a silhouette of the subject and a randomized decision forest to detect their feet. Given the feet detections, the stride and step length, cadence, and walking speed are estimated. Validation of the system is presented through an error analysis on manually annotated videos of subjects walking in different outdoor settings...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Ayman A Mostafa, Clifford R Berry
OBJECTIVE To determine manubrium heart scores (MHSs) from measurements of cardiac short-axis length (cSAL) and long-axis length (cLAL) relative to the corresponding manubrium length (ML) on thoracic radiographic views of dogs and assess correlation of MHSs with vertebral heart scores (VHSs). ANIMALS 120 clinically normal large-breed dogs (LBDs) and small-breed dogs (SBDs). PROCEDURES On right lateral views (RLVs) and ventrodorsal views (VDVs) for each dog, cSAL and cLAL were measured and expressed as a ratio; the cSAL:ML ratio (short-MHS), cLAL:ML ratio (long-MHS), and cSAL-and-cLAL:ML ratio (overall-MHS) were also calculated...
February 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
Bedor Abualhaj, Guoyang Weng, Melissa Ong, Ali Asgar Attarwala, Flavia Molina, Karen Büsing, Gerhard Glatting
PURPOSE: Dynamic [(18) F]fluoro-ethyl-L-tyrosine positron emission tomography ([(18) F]FET-PET) is used to identify tumor lesions for radiotherapy treatment planning, to differentiate glioma recurrence from radiation necrosis and to classify gliomas grading. To segment different regions in the brain k-means cluster analysis can be used. The main disadvantage of k-means is that the number of clusters must be pre-defined. In this study, we therefore compared different cluster validity indices for automated and reproducible determination of the optimal number of clusters based on the dynamic PET data...
January 2017: Medical Physics
Sudipta Acharya, Sriparna Saha
Distance plays an important role in the clustering process for allocating data points to different clusters. Several distance or proximity measures have been developed and reported in the literature to determine dissimilarities between two given points. The choice of distance measure depends on a particular domain as well as different data sets of the same domain. It is important to automatically determine the appropriate distance measure which acts best for a particular data set. In this study we have developed an automatic clustering technique using the search capability of multiobjective optimization which can automatically determine the relevant distance measure and the corresponding partitioning from a given data set...
October 18, 2016: Molecular BioSystems
Xiong Xiao, Albert Jan van Hoek, Michael G Kenward, Alessia Melegaro, Mark Jit
OBJECTIVE: Infectious disease spread depends on contact rates between infectious and susceptible individuals. Transmission models are commonly informed using empirically collected contact data, but the relevance of different contact types to transmission is still not well understood. Some studies select contacts based on a single characteristic such as proximity (physical/non-physical), location, duration or frequency. This study aimed to explore whether clusters of contacts similar to each other across multiple characteristics could better explain disease transmission...
December 2016: Epidemics
Shubham Tulsiani, Abhishek Kar, Joao Carreira, Jitendra Malik
We address the problem of fully automatic object localization and reconstruction from a single image. This is both a very challenging and very important problem which has, until recently, received limited attention due to difficulties in segmenting objects and predicting their poses. Here we leverage recent advances in learning convolutional networks for object detection and segmentation and introduce a complementary network for the task of camera viewpoint prediction. These predictors are very powerful, but still not perfect given the stringent requirements of shape reconstruction...
April 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
Weifang Zhu, Haoyu Chen, Heming Zhao, Bei Tian, Lirong Wang, Fei Shi, Dehui Xiang, Xiaohong Luo, Enting Gao, Li Zhang, Yilong Yin, Xinjian Chen
Detection and assessment of the integrity of the photoreceptor ellipsoid zone (EZ) are important because it is critical for visual acuity in retina trauma and other diseases. We have proposed and validated a framework that can automatically analyse the 3D integrity of the EZ in optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. The images are first filtered and automatically segmented into 10 layers, of which EZ is located in the 7(th) layer. For each voxel of the EZ, 57 features are extracted and a principle component analysis is performed to optimize the features...
2016: Scientific Reports
Saeedeh Pourahmad, Soudabeh Pourhashemi, Mohammad Mohammadianpanah
Determination of the colorectal cancer stage is possible only after surgery based on pathology results. However, sometimes this may prove impossible. The aim of the present study was to determine colorectal cancer stage using three clustering methods based on preoperative clinical findings. All patients referred to the Colorectal Research Center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences for colorectal cancer surgery during 2006 to 2014 were enrolled in the study. Accordingly, 117 cases participated. Three clustering algorithms were utilized including k-means, hierarchical and fuzzy c-means clustering methods...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Juliana Fernandes Filgueiras Meireles, Ana Carolina Soares Amaral, Clara Mockdece Neves, Maria Aparecida Conti, Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira
This study aimed to examine construct validity, internal consistency, and reproducibility of the Body Change Questionnaire (BCQ). A total of 439 female and male adolescents (13-22 years of age) were evaluated. Construct validity was assessed by exploratory factor analysis and correlation between the scores of the BCQ and the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) and Scale Silhouettes (SS). Reliability was assessed through internal consistency and reproducibility using test-retest and intra-class correlation. The scale presented a six-factor structure that almost entirely accounted for the instrument's subscales...
November 2015: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Maryam Yepes, Barathi Viswanathan, Pascal Bovet, Jürgen Maurer
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to validate the Pulvers silhouette showcard as a measure of weight status in a population in the African region. This tool is particularly beneficial when scarce resources do not allow for direct anthropometric measurements due to limited survey time or lack of measurement technology in face-to-face general-purpose surveys or in mailed, online, or mobile device-based surveys. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Republic of Seychelles with a sample of 1240 adults...
2015: Population Health Metrics
Konstantinos C Koskinas, Giovanni J Ughi, Stephan Windecker, Guillermo J Tearney, Lorenz Räber
While coronary atherosclerosis is a leading cause of mortality, evaluation of coronary lesions was previously limited to either indirect angiographic assessment of the lumen silhouette or post mortem investigations. Intracoronary (IC) imaging modalities have been developed that allow for visualization and characterization of coronary atheroma in living patients. Used alone or in combination, these modalities have enhanced our understanding of pathobiological mechanisms of atherosclerosis, identified factors responsible for disease progression, and documented the ability of various medications to reverse the processes of plaque growth and destabilization...
February 7, 2016: European Heart Journal
Ilona Skoczń, Jan Cieciuch, Johan H L Oud, Kai Welzen
The aim of the present study was to develop and investigate the psychometric properties of the Computerized Family Relations Test (CFRT) for children. This test assesses the quality of family relationships with the mother and father from a child's perspective. The CFRT consists of six scales relating to control (Restrictiveness and Justice), and support (Affection, Vulnerability, Acknowledgment, and Trust) within the family relationships. CFRT is an innovative approach to the Dutch Nijmegen Family Relations Test (NFRT) developed by Oud and Welzen (1989)...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
Danilo Garcia, Shane MacDonald, Trevor Archer
Background. The notion of the affective system as being composed of two dimensions led Archer and colleagues to the development of the affective profiles model. The model consists of four different profiles based on combinations of individuals' experience of high/low positive and negative affect: self-fulfilling, low affective, high affective, and self-destructive. During the past 10 years, an increasing number of studies have used this person-centered model as the backdrop for the investigation of between and within individual differences in ill-being and well-being...
2015: PeerJ
Lincoln F Silva, Giomar O Sequeiros, Maria Lúcia O Santos, Cristina A P Fontes, Débora C Muchaluat-Saade, Aura Conci
Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in the world. Currently, there are no effective methods to prevent this disease. However, early diagnosis increases chances of remission. Breast thermography is an option to be considered in screening strategies. This paper proposes a new dynamic breast thermography analysis technique in order to identify patients at risk for breast cancer. Thermal signals from patients of the Antonio Pedro University Hospital (HUAP), available at the Mastology Database for Research with Infrared Image - DMR-IR were used to validate the study...
2015: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Jacqueline Kory Westlund, Jacqueline Kory Westlund, Sidney K D'Mello, Andrew M Olney
Researchers in the cognitive and affective sciences investigate how thoughts and feelings are reflected in the bodily response systems including peripheral physiology, facial features, and body movements. One specific question along this line of research is how cognition and affect are manifested in the dynamics of general body movements. Progress in this area can be accelerated by inexpensive, non-intrusive, portable, scalable, and easy to calibrate movement tracking systems. Towards this end, this paper presents and validates Motion Tracker, a simple yet effective software program that uses established computer vision techniques to estimate the amount a person moves from a video of the person engaged in a task (available for download from http://jakory...
2015: PloS One
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