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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053381/adaptive-networkprofiler-for-identifying-cancer-characteristic-specific-gene-regulatory-networks
#1
Heewon Park, Teppei Shimamura, Seiya Imoto, Satoru Miyano
There is currently much discussion about sample (patient)-specific gene regulatory network identification, since the efficiently constructed sample-specific gene networks lead to effective personalized cancer therapy. Although statistical approaches have been proposed for inferring gene regulatory networks, the methods cannot reveal sample-specific characteristics because the existing methods, such as an L1-type regularization, provide averaged results for all samples. Thus, we cannot reveal sample-specific characteristics in transcriptional regulatory networks...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053257/orthogonal-screening-of-anti-cancer-drugs-using-an-open-access-microfluidic-tissue-array-system
#2
Dongguo Lin, Peiwen Li, Jinqiong Lin, Bowen Shu, Weixin Wang, Qiong Zhang, Na Yang, Dayu Liu, Banglao Xu
Screening for potential drug combinations presents significant challenges to the current microfluidic cell culture systems, due to the requirement of flexibility in liquid handling. To overcome this limitation, we present here an open-access microfluidic tissue array system specifically designed for drug combination screening. The microfluidic chip features a key structure in which a nanoporous membrane is sandwiched by a cell culture chamber array layer and a corresponded media reservoir array layer. The microfluidic approach takes advantage of the characteristics of the nanoporous membrane: on one side, this membrane permits the flow of air but not liquid, thus acting as a flow-stop valve to enable automatic cell distribution; on the other side, it allows diffusion-based media exchange and thus, mimics the endothelial layer...
October 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052674/egfr-targeting-plga-peg-nanoparticles-as-a-curcumin-delivery-system-for-breast-cancer-therapy
#3
Hua Jin, Jiang Pi, Yue Zhao, Jinhuan Jiang, Ting Li, Xueyi Zeng, Peihui Yang, Colin E Evans, Jiye Cai
Poor bioavailability and non-specificity of chemotherapeutic agents are major challenges in breast cancer treatment. Antibodies and small molecules that block cell signaling pathways have shown promise in the clinic, but their application is also limited by the high costs and treatment dosages required. Novel therapies that aim to rapidly and specifically target malignant cells with long-lasting impact in the tumor microenvironment may ultimately improve clinical outcome in cancer patients. Here, we demonstrate that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeting GE11 peptides conjugated with PEGylated polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles can be used to effectively deliver an anti-cancer agent, curcumin, into EGFR-expressing MCF-7 cells in vitro and in vivo...
October 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052386/-general-situation-and-comprehensive-utilization-of-medicinal-fungi-resources-in-heilongjiang-province
#4
REVIEW
Rui Wang, Jia-Bin Li, Zhen-Yue Wang
In order to develop and utilize the macrofungi in Heilongjiang province, numerous literatures have been investigated to make a comprehensive analysis of the number of known species of fungi in Heilongjiang province. There exists a total of 546 species of macrofungus in Heilongjiang province belonging to 53 families and 13 orders of 6 classes and 2 subdivisions. And its application value is classified, summarized and reviewed. Three hundred and twenty kinds of edible fungi, 214 species of fungi with medicinal value, medicinal value in the anti-cancer effects of 167 species of fungi, 141 wood rot fungi, 141 species of ectomycorrhizal fungi, 88 poisonous species, 67 macrofungus which are not clarified whether could be edible or toxic...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052084/the-apoptotic-cytotoxic-and-genotoxic-effect-of-novel-binuclear-boron-fluoride-complex-on-endometrial-cancer
#5
Yasin Tülüce, Pawan Tareq Ahmed Lak, İsmail Koyuncu, Ahmet Kılıç, Mustafa Durgun, Halil Özkol
Endometrial cancer (EC) is one of the most common types of gynecologic cancer of the female genital tract; it considered being the fourth leading death factor among other types of cancer. Therefore, developing new anti-cancer agents are crucial for cancer treatment. Based on the potential of Schiff based complexes for the induction of apoptosis, Schiff base compounds, and their metal complexes displayed excellent anticancer properties. In this current study, antiproliferative activity of [L(BF2)2] as a novel binuclear boron-fluoride complex was examined to preliminary research in eight different cell lines, HELA, DU-145, PC3, DLD-1, ECC-1, PNT1-A, HT-29, and MCF-7, it was found to have a potent, suppressive effect on human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line ECC-1...
October 19, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051529/dopamine-mediated-photothermal-theranostics-combined-with-up-conversion-platform-under-near-infrared-light
#6
Ruichan Lv, Piaoping Yang, Guanying Chen, Shili Gai, Jiating Xu, Paras N Prasad
An organic-inorganic hybrid core-shell nanostructure, based on mesoporous silica coated upconversion core-shell nanoparticles (NaGdF4:Yb,Er@NaGdF4:Yb@mSiO2-Dopa abbreviated here as UCNP@mSiO2-Dopa) that stably incorporates dopamine (Dopa) in the silica layer was introduced as a theranostic nanoplatform for optical imaging guided photothermal therapy (PTT) using NIR excitation. Silica-attaching polyethylenimine make the Dopa transforms into an active form (transferred Dopa) that strongly absorbs light under single 980 nm irradiation...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051489/genomic-landscape-associated-with-potential-response-to-anti-ctla-4-treatment-in-cancers
#7
Chan-Young Ock, Jun-Eul Hwang, Bhumsuk Keam, Sang-Bae Kim, Jae-Jun Shim, Hee-Jin Jang, Sarang Park, Bo Hwa Sohn, Minse Cha, Jaffer A Ajani, Scott Kopetz, Keun-Wook Lee, Tae Min Kim, Dae Seog Heo, Ju-Seog Lee
Immunotherapy has emerged as a promising anti-cancer treatment, however, little is known about the genetic characteristics that dictate response to immunotherapy. We develop a transcriptional predictor of immunotherapy response and assess its prediction in genomic data from ~10,000 human tissues across 30 different cancer types to estimate the potential response to immunotherapy. The integrative analysis reveals two distinct tumor types: the mutator type is positively associated with potential response to immunotherapy, whereas the chromosome-instable type is negatively associated with it...
October 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051161/prostate-cancer-cells-express-more-androgen-receptor-ar-following-androgen-deprivation-improving-recognition-by-ar-specific-t-cells
#8
Brian M Olson, Melissa Gamat, Joseph Seliski, Thomas Sawicki, Justin Jeffery, Leigh Ellis, Charles G Drake, Jamey Weichert, Douglas G McNeel
Androgen deprivation is the primary therapy for recurrent prostate cancer, and agents targeting the androgen receptor (AR) pathway continue to be developed. Because androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) has immmunostimulatory effects as well as direct antitumor effects, AR-targeted therapies have been combined with other anti-cancer therapies, including immunotherapies. Here, we sought to study whether an antigen-specific mechanism of resistance to ADT (overexpression of the AR) may result in enhanced AR-specific T-cell immune recognition, and whether this might be strategically combined with an antitumor vaccine targeting the AR...
October 19, 2017: Cancer Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050931/anti-inflammatory-drug-leflunomide-and-its-metabolite-teriflunomide-inhibit-nsclc-proliferation-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#9
Liyang Jiang, Weili Zhang, Wei Li, Chunhua Ling, Min Jiang
Lung cancer causes more than 150000 deaths annually in the United States alone, of which non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 80%. Our studies demonstrated that NSCLC cells were sensitive to leflunomide and its metabolite teriflunomide, a FDA approved drug, which was a well-known immunomodulatory drug for relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS). In the present studies, we found first time that they displayed anti-tumor activity of NSCLC in vitro and in vivo. Potent anti-cancer effects in NSCLC in vitro, including inhibiting NSCLC cells viability, arresting cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase, inducing cell apoptosis, delaying and suppressing NSCLC cells colony-forming ability and cell motility, could be achieved with this agent...
October 16, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050764/pharmacokinetic-studies-of-a-three-component-complex-that-repurposes-the-front-line-antibiotic-isoniazid-against-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#10
Thomas J Manning, Kyle Wilkerson, Taylor Holder, Andrew Carson Bartley, Chelsea Jackson, Sydney Plummer, Dennis Phillips, Logan Krajewski, Greg Wylie
The frontline tuberculosis (Tb) antibiotic isoniazid has been repurposed using a three component complex aimed at increasing the delivery efficiency and adding new avenues to its mechanism of action. This study focuses on pharmacokinetic studies of the isoniazid-sucrose-copper (II)-PEG-3350 complex. The assays include the Plasma Protein Binding Assay (85.8%), Caco-2 Permeability Assay (B→APapp, 0.13 × 10(-6) cm/s), Cytochrome P450 Inhibition Assay (i.e. CYP2B6, IC50 = 7.26 μM), In vitro microsomal Stability Assay (t1/2 NADPH-Dependent > 240 min), and HepG2 Cytotoxicity (no toxicity)...
December 2017: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050670/ginseng-polysaccharide-serves-as-a-potential-radiosensitizer-through-inducing-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-the-treatment-of-osteosarcoma
#11
Xiao-Yu Zhang, Ke Sun, Qi Zhu, Tao Song, Yang Liu
Recent studies have confirmed that the combined use of anti-cancer drugs with ionizing radiation (IR) could improve the sensitivity of osteosarcoma (OS) cells. Therefore, it is necessary to identify potential effective drugs for the enhancement of IR-radiosensitivity. In the current study, we found that 20, 10, 5, and 1 μM of ginseng polysaccharide (GPS) significantly suppressed MG-63 cell viability with or without γ-ray radiation in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Strikingly, 20 μM of GPS combined with 5 Gy treatment suppressed colony formation capacity by nearly 13...
November 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050261/alpha-linolenic-acid-stabilizes-hif-1-%C3%AE-and-downregulates-fasn-to-promote-mitochondrial-apoptosis-for-mammary-gland-chemoprevention
#12
Subhadeep Roy, Atul Kumar Rawat, Shreesh Raj Sammi, Uma Devi, Manjari Singh, Swetlana Gautam, Rajnish Kumar Yadav, Jitendra Kumar Rawat, Lakhveer Singh, Mohd Nazam Ansari, Abdulaziz S Saeedan, Rakesh Pandey, Dinesh Kumar, Gaurav Kaithwas
Alpha linolenic acid is an essential polyunsaturated fatty acid and is reported to have the anti-cancer potential with no defined hypothesis or mechanism/s. Henceforth present study was in-quested to validate the effect of alpha linolenic acid on mitochondrial apoptosis, hypoxic microenvironment and de novo fatty acid synthesis using in-vitro and in-vivo studies. The IC50 value of alpha linolenic acid was recorded to be 17.55μM against ER+MCF-7 cells. Treatment with alpha linolenic acid was evident for the presence of early and late apoptotic signals along with mitochondrial depolarization, when studied through acridine orange/ethidium bromide and JC-1 staining...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050218/braf-mek-inhibitors-promote-cd47-expression-that-is-reversible-by-erk-inhibition-in-melanoma
#13
Fen Liu, Chen Chen Jiang, Xu Guang Yan, Hsin-Yi Tseng, Chun Yan Wang, Yuan Yuan Zhang, Hamed Yari, Ting La, Margaret Farrelly, Su Tang Guo, Rick F Thorne, Lei Jin, Qi Wang, Xu Dong Zhang
The expression of CD47 on the cancer cell surface transmits "don't eat me" signalling that not only inhibits phagocytosis of cancer cells by phagocytes but also impairs anti-cancer T cell responses. Here we report that oncogenic activation of ERK plays an important role in transcriptional activation of CD47 through nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF-1) in melanoma cells. Treatment with BRAF/MEK inhibitors upregulated CD47 in cultured melanoma cells and fresh melanoma isolates. Similarly, melanoma cells selected for resistance to the BRAF inhibitor vemurafenib expressed higher levels of CD47...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050169/-consensus-of-chinese-experts-on-prostate-neoplasms-surgical-treatment
#14
(no author information available yet)
Prostate neoplasms is the second most common male cancer worldwide. In China, the incidence of prostate neoplasms has been rising rapidly over the past several years. Minimally Invasive Surgery Group of Chinese Anti Cancer Association Genitourinary Oncology Committee presents the Chinese experts consensus on prostate neoplasms surgical treatment based on the present situation of prostate cancer in China and the latest developments in the world.
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050107/-recommendations-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-rhabdomyosarcoma-in-chinese-children-and-adolescents-cccg-rms-2016
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050003/cantharidin-inhibits-the-growth-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells-by-suppressing-autophagy-and-inducing-apoptosis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#16
Hong-Chang Li, Zhi-Hua Xia, Ya-Feng Chen, Fan Yang, Wen Feng, Han Cai, Yi Mei, Yi-Ming Jiang, Ke Xu, Dian-Xu Feng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cantharidin, a type of terpenoid secreted by the blister beetle Mylabris phalerata (Pallas), has attracted great attention in cancer therapy because of its potential anti-cancer activities. Here, we report the effects on apoptosis and autophagy in human triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell lines after treatment with cantharidin and attempt to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 cells were treated with cantharidin and cell proliferation was examined using CCK-8 and clone formation assays...
October 19, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049999/luteolin-promotes-cell-apoptosis-by-inducing-autophagy-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#17
Zhijia Cao, Huainian Zhang, Xiaoyan Cai, Wei Fang, Dong Chai, Ying Wen, Hongsheng Chen, Fujiang Chu, Yongli Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy and is a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Luteolin, a flavonoid from traditional Chinese medicine, shows anti-cancer activity in many cancer cells, including HCC. However, the mechanism underlying the action of luteolin in HCC, especially its role in regulating cell autophagy, remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the role of luteolin in regulating cell autophagy and the role of autophagy in luteolin-induced apoptosis...
October 19, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049542/nanoparticle-optimization-for-enhanced-targeted-anti-cancer-drug-delivery
#18
Ibrahim Chamseddine, Michael Kokkolaras
Nanoparticle-based drug delivery is a promising method to increase the therapeutic index of anti-cancer agents with low median toxic dose. The delivery efficiency, corresponding to the fraction of the injected nanoparticles that adhere to the tumor site, depends on nanoparticle size $a$ and aspect ratio $AR$. Currently, values for these variables are chosen empirically, and may not yield optimal targeted drug delivery. This study applies rigorous optimization to the design of nanoparticles. A preliminary investigation revealed that delivery efficiency increases monotonically with $a$ and $AR$...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048430/amlexanox-a-selective-inhibitor-of-ikbke-generates-anti-tumoral-effects-by-disrupting-the-hippo-pathway-in-human-glioblastoma-cell-lines
#19
Yang Liu, Jie Lu, Zhimeng Zhang, Lin Zhu, Shicai Dong, Gaochao Guo, Ruohong Li, Yang Nan, Kai Yu, Yue Zhong, Qiang Huang
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most prevalent form of malignant brain tumor. Amlexanox, a novel compound, has been shown to have anti-cancer potential. In this study, the anti-tumoral effects and the underlying mechanisms of amlexanox were investigated. Amlexanox significantly suppressed proliferation and invasion and induced apoptosis in glioblastoma cells. Furthermore, we found that amlexanox altered the protein expression of the Hippo pathway by downregulating IKBKE. Our data indicates that IKBKE directly targets LATS1/2 and induces degradation of LATS1/2, thereby inhibiting the activity of the Hippo pathway...
August 31, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048387/vitamin-d-as-a-novel-regulator-of-tumor-metabolism-insights-on-potential-mechanisms-and-implications-for-anti-cancer-therapy
#20
REVIEW
Mohamed A Abu El Maaty, Stefan Wölfl
1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D₃ [1,25(OH)₂D₃], the bioactive form of vitamin D, has been shown to possess significant anti-tumor potential. While most studies so far have focused on the ability of this molecule to influence the proliferation and apoptosis of cancer cells, more recent data indicate that 1,25(OH)₂D₃ also impacts energy utilization in tumor cells. In this article, we summarize and review the evidence that demonstrates the targeting of metabolic aberrations in cancers by 1,25(OH)₂D₃, and highlight potential mechanisms through which these effects may be executed...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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