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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144813/diagnosing-and-monitoring-endocrine-dysfunction-diabetes-and-obesity-in-a-cohort-of-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#1
Victoria Rollins Hudspeth, Stuart Harrison Gold, David Robert Clemmons
OBJECTIVE: 5-year survival for childhood cancer has increased to 80%, resulting in a growing population of adult survivors of childhood cancer (ASOCC). Long-term endocrine dysfunction is as high as 63% when screened in research protocols. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of endocrine testing, endocrine dysfunction, diabetes, obesity, and endocrinologist visits outside of a research screening protocol. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed for 176 ASOCC who were diagnosed with cancer before age 18, followed at least 10 years, were now at least 18, and had survived to the time of chart review...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139074/excessive-use-of-nitrogenous-fertilizers-an-unawareness-causing-serious-threats-to-environment-and-human-health
#2
Moddassir Ahmed, Muhammad Rauf, Zahid Mukhtar, Nasir Ahmad Saeed
Farmers occasionally need to add nitrogen fertilizer to their farms and gardens to make available just the precise nutrients for their plants' growth. The applications of inorganic nitrogen fertilizers to various crops have been continuously increasing since last many decades globally. Although nitrogen fertilizer contributes substantially to yield enhancement, but excessive use of this manure has posed serious threats to environment and human health. Rate of nitrogen fertilizers application has a close relationship with nitrate accumulation in surrounding environment, groundwater, as well as leafy and root vegetables...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132997/thyroid-hormone-improves-insulin-signaling-and-reduces-the-activation-of-neurodegenerative-pathway-in-the-hippocampus-of-diabetic-adult-male-rats
#3
Fernanda Prieto-Almeida, Ana Carolina Panveloski-Costa, Fernanda Crunfli, Silvania da Silva Teixeira, Maria Tereza Nunes, Andréa da Silva Torrão
AIMS: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and impairments of glucose metabolism and insulin resistance in the brain have been suggested as a likely etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Studies have shown that thyroid hormones (THs) improve insulin sensitivity in DM rats and act as mediators of the plasticity of the nervous system altering behavior and cognitive function. Based on these findings, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of diabetes and triiodothyronine (T3) treatment upon proteins associated with DM and AD in the central nervous system...
November 10, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121039/the-prevalence-and-determinants-of-multimorbidity-in-hospitalized-patients-with-heart-failure
#4
Olga Siga, Barbara Wizner, Karolina Piotrowicz, Małgorzata Fedyk-Łukasik, Tomasz Grodzicki
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of multimorbidity and co-existed diseases in hospitalized patients with heart failure (HF) in relation to age and gender. METHODS: The nationwide cross-sectional survey had been conducted in Poland (April-November 2013), in 260 randomly selected hospital wards. A trained nurse contacted with one physician, drawn from the list of all doctors working in the selected hospital's wards, who completed the study questionnaires regarding to clinical characteristics of the last five HF patients, who were discharged from an internal or cardiology ward...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120584/autoimmune-thyroiditis-a-case-control-study-on-a-sample-of-egyptian-type-i-diabetic-patients
#5
Hoda G Bakr, Ihab M Salem, Takwa E Meawed, Reham H Anis, Mohamed H El-Hefnawy
Type 1 diabetic patients are vulnerable for autoimmune thyroid disease. The incidence of type I Diabetes in Egypt is 8/100000. Undiagnosed thyroid dysfunction impairs metabolic status and increase cardiovascular risks in diabetic patients. Objectives of the study were to underscore autoimmune thyroiditis and thyroid dysfunction on a sample of Egyptian type I diabetes mellitus. One hundred type 1 diabetic subjects without previously known thyroid diseases and 50 controls were included. Physical examination, HbA1c, thyroid profile (TSH, free T3 and free T4), thyroid ultrasound anti-peroxidase and anti-thyroglobulin antibodies were assessed...
January 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118518/insignificant-correlation-between-thyroid-hormone-and-antithyroid-peroxidase-antibodies-in-alopecia-areata-patients-in-northern-rajasthan
#6
Gagandeep Kaur, C M Kuldeep, Puneet Bhargava, Deepak Kumar Mathur, Sonam Sharda, Pulkit Chaturvedi
Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is a common, recurrent form of nonscarring alopecia which often presents as circumscribed patches of spontaneous hair loss. The global prevalence of this disease varies from 0.1% to 0.2% in general population and 7-30 cases per 1000 dermatological patients. The etiology of AA still remains uncertain; however, genetic or environmental factor and autoimmunity are claimed responsible for it. Various autoimmune diseases, such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis, diabetes mellitus, vitiligo, and lupus erythematosus, have been reported in association with AA...
October 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107455/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-risk-of-open-angle-glaucoma-development-in-koreans-an-11-year-nationwide-propensity-score-matched-study
#7
Y Jung, K Han, H-Y L Park, C K Park
PURPOSE: To evaluate the risk of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) development in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: In this 11-year longitudinal study based on the Korean National Health Insurance research database, the data collected comprised 1,025,340 (2.2%) participants who were randomly selected from 46,605,433 Korean residents in 2002. The database was analyzed to identify participants with an initial diagnosis of T2DM in 2003-2004. The control group was composed of participants without T2DM who were propensity-score-matched, five controls per T2DM patient, according to age, gender, household income, residential area and underlying diseases, including hypertension, dyslipidaemia, coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and thyroid disease...
October 26, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107171/progression-from-isolated-growth-hormone-deficiency-to-combined-pituitary-hormone-deficiency
#8
REVIEW
Manuela Cerbone, Mehul T Dattani
Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) can present at any time of life from the neonatal period to adulthood, as a result of congenital or acquired insults. It can present as an isolated problem (IGHD) or in combination with other pituitary hormone deficiencies (CPHD). Pituitary deficits can evolve at any time from GHD diagnosis. The number, severity and timing of occurrence of additional endocrinopathies are highly variable. The risk of progression from IGHD to CPHD in children varies depending on the etiology (idiopathic vs organic)...
October 19, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104785/factors-affecting-one-year-survival-after-radical-cystectomy-a-prospective-study
#9
Marta Kwiatkowska, Bartosz Dybowski, Olga Kuczkiewicz-Siemion, Rafał Osiecki, Kaja Śmigielska, Stefan Gonczar, Sławomir Poletajew, Piotr Radziszewski
Introduction: Survival after radical cystectomy (RC) is affected by various factors. Significance of preoperative health status and its influence on treatment outcome is uncertain. The aim of the study was to prospectively evaluate overall survival, cause of death and the role of comorbidities in mortality during the first 12 months following RC. Material and methods: All patients who underwent RC between January 2014 and May 2016 for T1-T4 bladder cancer in a single center were prospectively followed...
2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104610/functional-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumour-causing-cushing-s-syndrome-the-effect-of-chemotherapy-on-clinical-symptoms
#10
Paulo Henrique do Amor Divino, Katia Regina Marchetti, Madson Q Almeida, Rachel P Riechelmann
Background: Neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases that can originate from any part of the gastrointestinal tract, bronchi, thyroid and pancreas. These tumours may be functioning or not depending on their ability to produce active substances, such as adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH). ACTH-producing pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours are rare, with limited data about effective antitumor therapies. Case Report: A 58-year-old man with a history of type-2 diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension was diagnosed with Cushing's syndrome (CS) secondary to an ACTH ectopic production from a well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumour of the pancreas metastatic to the liver...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102271/prevalence-of-malnutrition-inflammation-complex-syndrome-and-its-correlation-with-thyroid-hormones-in-chronic-haemodialysis-patients
#11
Venice Chávez Valencia, Oliva Mejía Rodríguez, Martha Eva Viveros Sandoval, Juan Abraham Bermúdez, Sergio Gutiérrez Castellanos, Citlalli Orizaga de la Cruz, Martha Alicia Roa Córdova
INTRODUCTION: Low levels of thyroid hormones, total triiodothyronine (T3) and free triiodothyronine (FT3) in haemodialysis patients is a marker of malnutrition and inflammation and are predictors of mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition-inflammation complex syndrome in haemodialysis and its relationship with the thyroid hormones thyrotropin, T3, FT3 and free thyroxine (FT4), as well as to evaluate the prevalence of low FT3 syndrome and its correlation with nutritional and inflammatory markers...
October 25, 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101247/evidence-of-earlier-thyroid-dysfunction-in-newly-diagnosed-oral-lichen-planus-patients-a-hint-for-endocrinologists
#12
Paolo G Arduino, Dora Karimi, Federico Tirone, Veronica Sciannameo, Fulvio Ricceri, Marco Cabras, Alessio Gambino, Davide Conrotto, Stefano Salzano, Mario Carbone, Roberto Broccoletti
The association between oral lichen planus (OLP) and hypothyroidism has been debated with conflicting results: some authors detected a statistically significant association between these two, while others did not confirm it. The aim of this study was to evaluate the thyroid status in patients with newly diagnosed OLP to test the null hypothesis that thyroid disease is not associated with an increased incidence of oral lesions, with a prospective case-control approach. A total of 549 patients have been evaluated, of whom 355 were female...
November 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090036/the-autoimmunity-s-footprint-in-pediatrics-type-1-diabetes-coeliac-disease-thyroiditis
#13
Anca Orzan, Carmen Novac, Mihaela Mihu, Constantin Ionescu Tirgoviste, Mihaela Balgradean
The present case report aims to describe and discuss the approach for the management of difficult endotracheal intubation in an adult with Down syndrome undergoing cataract surgery. A 26-year-old female with Down syndrome and a validated diagnosis of cataract requiring surgery was examined in order to assess the degree of difficulty of endotracheal intubation. Patients with Down syndrome have characteristic craniofacial abnormalities which require a thorough pre-operative assessment to anticipate and prepare for a difficult endotracheal intubation...
June 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089364/primary-adrenal-insufficiency-in-adult-population-a-portuguese-multicentre-study-by-the-adrenal-tumours-study-group
#14
Lia Ferreira, Joao Silva, Susana Garrido, Carlos Bello, Diana Oliveira, Hélder Simões, Isabel Paiva, Joana Guimarães, Marta Ferreira, Maria Teresa Pereira, Rita Bettencourt-Silva, Ana Filipa Martins, Tiago Silva, Vera Fernandes, Maria Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) is a rare but severe and potentially life-threatening condition. No previous studies have characterized Portuguese patients with PAI. AIMS: To characterize the clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, treatment and follow-up of Portuguese patients with confirmed PAI. METHODS: This multicentre retrospective study examined PAI patients in 12 Portuguese hospitals. RESULTS: We investigated 278 patients with PAI (55...
October 31, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083246/reduced-insulin-sensitivity-in-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-patients-with-suppressed-tsh
#15
Thaís Gomes De Melo, Aglecio Luiz Souza, Elizabeth Ficher, Arlete Maria Fernandes, Ligia Vera Montali Da Assumpção, Sarah Monte Alegre, Denise Engelbrecht Zantut-Wittmann
OBJECTIVE: TSH-suppression is a therapy for thyroid cancer management, but it may lead to adverse effects, which should be balanced with its benefits. Previous studies evaluating the consequences of TSH suppression on insulin sensitivity have only been done with indirect techniques, and results were controversial. Therefore, we aimed to assess insulin sensitivity in patients with thyroid cancer and suppressed thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) with the most appropriate direct method (hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp) in order to get a more conclusive response about the topic...
October 30, 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073628/transient-congenital-hypothyroidism-alters-gene-expression-of-glucose-transporters-and-impairs-glucose-sensing-apparatus-in-young-and-aged-offspring-rats
#16
Hanieh Gholami, Sajad Jeddi, Azita Zadeh-Vakili, Khadije Farrokhfall, Fatemeh Rouhollah, Maryam Zarkesh, Mahboubeh Ghanbari, Asghar Ghasemi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transient congenital hypothyroidism (TCH) could disturb carbohydrate metabolism in adulthood. Aging is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes. This study aims to address effects of TCH on mRNA expressions of glucose transporters (GLUTs) and glucokinase (GcK) in islets and insulin target tissues of aged offspring rats. METHODS: The TCH group received water containing 0.025% 6-propyl-2-thiouracil during gestation. Offspring from control and TCH groups (n=6 in each group) were followed until month 19...
October 27, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069258/early-menarche-and-teenager-pregnancy-as-risk-factors-for-morbid-obesity-among-reproductive-age-women-a-case-control-study
#17
Amanda Gonçalves Neves, Karina Tamy Kasawara, Ana Carolina Godoy-Miranda, Flávio Hideki Oshika, Elinton Adami Chaim, Fernanda Garanhani Surita
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate potential risk factors, including non-communicable diseases, for morbid obesity in women between 20 and 49 years of age. METHODS: We performed a case-control study with 110 morbidly obese women and 110 women with adequate weight who were matched by age and with a 1:1 case to control ratio. All women were between 20 to 49 years old and non-menopausal. Possible risk factors were evaluated through a self-report questionnaire assessing socio-demographic, obstetric and gynecological characteristics, presence of non-communicable diseases and habits...
October 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067240/benign-thyroid-disease-in-pregnancy-a-state-of-the-art-review
#18
REVIEW
Efterpi Tingi, Akheel A Syed, Alexis Kyriacou, George Mastorakos, Angelos Kyriacou
Thyroid dysfunction is the commonest endocrine disorder in pregnancy apart from diabetes. Thyroid hormones are essential for fetal brain development in the embryonic phase. Maternal thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy may have significant adverse maternal and fetal outcomes such as preterm delivery, preeclampsia, miscarriage and low birth weight. In this review we discuss the effect of thyroid disease on pregnancy and the current evidence on the management of different thyroid conditions in pregnancy and postpartum to improve fetal and neonatal outcomes, with special reference to existing guidelines on the topic which we dissect, critique and compare with each other...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066484/aminoguanidine-ag-induces-induced-both-pro-and-antioxidant-effect-in-ar42j-cells-a-rat-pancreatic-tumor-cell-line
#19
Parimal Chowdhury
Aminoguanidine (AG), a diamine oxidase and a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, was used in diabetes, thyroid follicular carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, pancreatic cancer xenografts and in breast cancer research. The effects of AG on these pathologic conditions may be related to its regulatory effects on cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and expression of antioxidant enzymes. However, its role as pro and/or anti-oxidant affecting signaling and function in pancreatic tumor cell lines has not been studied...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062232/mitochondrial-multiorgan-disorder-syndrome-score-generated-from-definite-mitochondrial-disorders
#20
Josef Finsterer, Sinda Zarrouk-Mahjoub
OBJECTIVES: Mitochondrial disorders (MIDs) frequently present as mitochondrial multiorgan disorder syndrome (MIMODS) at onset or evolve into MIMODS during the course. This study aimed to find which organs and/or tissues are most frequently affected by MIMODS, which are the most frequent abnormalities within an affected organ, whether there are typical MIMODS patterns, and to generate an MIMODS score to assess the diagnostic probability for an MID. METHODS: This is a retrospective evaluation of clinical, biochemical, and genetic investigations of adult patients with definite MIDs...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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