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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783969/association-between-thyroid-hormones-and-the-components-of-metabolic-syndrome
#1
Jieun Jang, Youngsook Kim, Jaeyong Shin, Sang Ah Lee, Young Choi, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones are known to have direct and indirect effects on metabolism. Individuals with metabolic syndrome, a disease that is growing in incidence at a rapid rate, are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. The aim of this study was to identify whether significant correlations exist between thyroid hormone levels and components of the metabolic syndrome in the general population of Korea. METHODS: The data were collected from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys from 2013 to 2015...
May 21, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779043/glis1-3-transcription-factors-critical-roles-in-the-regulation-of-multiple-physiological-processes-and-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Anton M Jetten
Krüppel-like zinc finger proteins form one of the largest families of transcription factors. They function as key regulators of embryonic development and a wide range of other physiological processes, and are implicated in a variety of pathologies. GLI-similar 1-3 (GLIS1-3) constitute a subfamily of Krüppel-like zinc finger proteins that act either as activators or repressors of gene transcription. GLIS3 plays a critical role in the regulation of multiple biological processes and is a key regulator of pancreatic β cell generation and maturation, insulin gene expression, thyroid hormone biosynthesis, spermatogenesis, and the maintenance of normal kidney functions...
May 19, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778669/thyroid-status-in-premenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women-a-biochemical-study-on-insulin-resistance-in-non-obese-overweight-and-obese-type-2-diabetics
#3
Rajendran Jayanthi, Abu Raghavan Srinivasan, Gopal Niranjan
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance with altered thyroid status in women is observed in type 2 diabetics and varies with advancing age and estrogen profile. We compared thyroid status between premenopausal and postmenopausal women in obese, non obese and overweight type 2 diabetes. METHODOLOGY: We included 301type 2 diabetics who were segregated into premenopausal (n = 100) 33.2% and postmenopausal (n = 201) 66.8% among three sub groups (Non obese, overweight and Obese)...
May 10, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769486/low-free-t%C3%A2-was-associated-with-poor-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-in-a-hospital-based-study-in-bangladesh
#4
M Kamrul-Hasan, N I Siddiqui, R A Shubha, M Abu-Bakar, P K Chanda, F I Haque
Clinical significance of low free T₃ (FT₃) has not been well explained in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); FT₃ level may be associated with diabetes control and also with diabetic complications. This cross-sectional study was carried out among 153 (mean age 46.8±12 years; female 68%, mean duration of diabetes 5.5±0.53 years, 63.4% either overweight or obese) non-pregnant adults with T2DM who had no acute illness and were unaware about their thyroid function status from July 2016 to December 2016...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768449/children-with-type-1-diabetes-who-experienced-a-honeymoon-phase-had-significantly-lower-ldl-cholesterol-5-years-after-diagnosis
#5
Benjamin Udoka Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C Alonso, Bruce A Barton
IMPORTANCE: Landmark studies showed that partial clinical remission in new-onset type 1 diabetes is associated with reduced prevalence of long-term complications, but early clinical indicators of this favorable outcome are poorly characterized. AIM: To determine if there were any differences in lipid parameters, especially LDL-cholesterol, between remitters and non-remitters 4 to 5 years after the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes after controlling for hemoglobin A1c, body mass index, and pubertal status...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767844/comorbidities-associated-with-higher-von-willebrand-factor-vwf-levels-may-explain-the-age-related-increase-of-vwf-in-von-willebrand-disease
#6
Ferdows Atiq, Karina Meijer, Jeroen Eikenboom, Karin Fijnvandraat, Eveline P Mauser-Bunschoten, Karin P M van Galen, Marten R Nijziel, Paula F Ypma, Joke de Meris, Britta A P Laros-van Gorkom, Johanna G van der Bom, Moniek P de Maat, Marjon H Cnossen, Frank W G Leebeek
Some comorbidities, such as hypertension, are associated with higher von Willebrand factor (VWF) levels in the general population. No studies have been conducted to assess this association in patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD). Therefore, we studied this association in patients with type 1 (n = 333) and type 2 (n = 203) VWD from the 'WiN" study. VWF antigen (VWF:Ag) was higher in type 1 VWD patients with hypertension [difference: 0·23 iu/ml, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0·11-0·35], diabetes mellitus (0·11 iu/ml, 95% CI: -0·02 to 0·23), cancer (0·14 iu/ml, 95% CI: 0·03-0·25) and thyroid dysfunction (0·14 iu/ml, 95% CI: 0·03-0·26) than in patients without these comorbidities (all corrected for age, sex and blood group)...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766936/risk-factors-symptom-severity-and-functional-status-among-patients-with-carpel-tunnel-syndrome
#7
F Sharief, J Kanmani, S Kumar
Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome refers to a constellation of symptoms resulting from compression of the median nerve at the wrist. The characteristic symptoms include pain and numbness in the hands. Aim: To identify the risk factors responsible for carpal tunnel syndrome, to identify the symptom severity as well as functional status of patients with carpal tunnel syndrome, and to determine the relationship between symptom severity and functional status among patients with carpal tunnel syndrome...
May 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766725/-the-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-patients-with-autoimmune-thyroiditis-in-hypothyroid-stadium
#8
Štefan Sotak, Ivica Lazúrová, Marek Felšöci, Božena Nováková, Hedviga Wagnerová
INTRODUCTION: Autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2T) are the two most common endocrinological diseases worldwide. The relationship between T1DM and autoimmune thyreopathies is known and described, but the relationship between thyreopathies and diabetes type 2 is not clarified sufficiently through that studies manifest increasingly the connection between them. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the prevalence of DM2T in patients with AIT in hypothyroid stadium and compare with common population and investigate a possible association between thyroid and glucose metabolism parameters...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765562/a-myriad-of-roles-of-mir-25-in-health-and-disease
#9
REVIEW
Márta Sárközy, Zsuzsanna Kahán, Tamás Csont
Small non-coding RNAs including microRNAs (miRNAs) have been recently recognized as important regulators of gene expression. MicroRNAs play myriads of roles in physiological processes as well as in the pathogenesis of a number of diseases by translational repression or mRNA destabilization of numerous target genes. The miR-106b-25 cluster is highly conserved in vertebrates and consists of three members including miR-106b, miR-93 and miR-25. MiR-106b and miR-93 share the same seed sequences; however, miR-25 has only a similar seed sequence resulting in different predicted target mRNAs...
April 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763267/top-20-research-studies-of-2017-for-primary-care-physicians
#10
Mark H Ebell, Roland Grad
Based on systematic surveillance of more than 110 medical journals, 247 studies met criteria as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) in 2017. Members of the Canadian Medical Association identified 20 of these POEMs as most relevant to practice. This article reviews the clinical questions and bottom-line answers from these studies. Blood pressure should be measured after a period of rest, using a bare arm, and orthostatic blood pressure is more predictive when measured after one minute of standing rather than three minutes...
May 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753010/determination-of-the-mutational-landscape-in-taiwanese-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-cancer-by-whole-exome-sequencing
#11
Chun-Chi Chang, Ya-Sian Chang, Hsi-Yuan Huang, Kun-Tu Yeh, Ta-Chih Liu, Jan-Gowth Chang
Among women in Taiwan, thyroid cancer is the fifth most common malignant neoplasia. However, genomic profiling of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) cases from Taiwan has not been attempted previously. We used whole-exome sequencing to identify mutations in a cohort of 19 PTC patients. Sequencing was performed using the Illumina system; Sanger sequencing was used to validate all identified mutations. We identified new somatic mutations in APC, DICER1, LRRC8D and NDRG1. We also found somatic mutations in ARID5A, CREB3L2, MDM4, PPP2R5A and TFPT; mutations in these genes had been found previously in other tumors, but had not been described previously in PTC...
May 9, 2018: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748035/direct-correlation-between-serum-homocysteine-level-and-insulin-resistance-index-in-patients-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism-does-subclinical-hypothyroidism-increase-the-risk-of-diabetes-and-cardio-vascular-disease-together
#12
Anahita Ebrahimpour, Mostafa Vaghari-Tabari, Durdi Qujeq, Soheila Moein, Zoleikha Moazezi
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism known as mild thyroid disorder without significant sign and symptoms. The correlation between subclinical hypothyroidism and some of cardiovascular disease risk factors such as serum lipids, homocysteine levels and also insulin resistance index is not well established and the current study was conducted to clarify this issue. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Seventy four patients with mild elevation in levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) along with normal levels of T3 and T4 were selected as patients group and 74 age and sex matched individuals were selected as healthy control group...
May 5, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732161/rapid-onset-diabetic-ketoacidosis-secondary-to-nivolumab-therapy
#13
Senhong Lee, Aparna Morgan, Sonali Shah, Peter R Ebeling
We report a case of a 67-year-old man with type 2 diabetes presented with diabetic ketoacidosis, two weeks after his first dose of nivolumab therapy for non-small-cell lung carcinoma. He was started on empagliflozin two days prior in the setting of hyperglycaemia after the initiation of nivolumab therapy. Laboratory evaluation revealed an undetectable C-peptide and a positive anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) antibody. He was treated with intravenous fluids and insulin infusion and was subsequently transitioned to subcutaneous insulin and discharged home...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729151/subclinical-hypothyroidism-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-at-the-background-of-carbohydrate-metabolism-disorders
#14
Snizhana V Feisa, Ivan V Chopei
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is 25-30% in the general population and more than 75% among patients with carbohydrate metabolism disorders. One in six patients with NAFLD has concomitant subclinical hypothyroidism. The aim is to compare lipid and carbohydrate metabolism states in patients with NAFLD depending on the functional state of the thyroid gland. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods:215 patients with NAFLD and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2-DM) or pre-diabetes (PD) were involved in study and devided into 6 groups according to the functional state of the thyroid gland...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725637/cystatin-c-predicts-renal-recovery-earlier-than-creatinine-among-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#15
Kamel A Gharaibeh, Abdurrahman M Hamadah, Ziad M El-Zoghby, John C Lieske, Timothy S Larson, Nelson Leung
Introduction: Serum cystatin C increases earlier than creatinine during acute kidney injury. However, whether cystatin C decreases earlier during recovery is unknown. This retrospective study aimed to determine the temporal trend between creatinine and cystatin C in acute kidney injury. Methods: We identified hospitalized patients with nonoliguric acute kidney injury who had serial creatinine and cystatin C values measured between May 2015 and May 2016. Demographic and laboratory data, causes of acute kidney injury, and relevant comorbidity data were collected through chart review...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721016/the-association-of-thyroid-nodules-with-metabolic-status-a-cross-sectional-spect-china-study
#16
Yi Chen, Chunfang Zhu, Yingchao Chen, Ningjian Wang, Qin Li, Bing Han, Li Zhao, Chi Chen, Hualing Zhai, Yingli Lu
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of thyroid nodules (TNs) and their ultrasound (US) characteristics related to malignancy with metabolic status. Methods: The data were obtained from a cross-sectional study (SPECT-China, 2014-2015). The study included 9898 participants older than 18 years. Participants underwent several checkups, which included the measurement of anthropometric parameters, blood pressure, TSH levels, glucose, and lipid profiles...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718334/low-dose-levothyroxine-reduces-intrahepatic-lipid-content-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-nafld
#17
Eveline Bruinstroop, Rinkoo Dalan, Cao Yang, Yong Mong Bee, Kurumbian Chandran, Li Wei Cho, Shui Boon Soh, Eng Kiong Teo, Sue-Anne Toh, Melvin Khee Shing Leow, Rohit A Sinha, Suresh Anand Sadananthan, Navin Michael, Heather Stapleton, Christopher Leung, Peter W Angus, Sheila K Patel, Louise M Burrell, Lim Su Chi, Sum Chee Fang, S Sendhil Velan, Paul M Yen
Context/Objective: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is highly prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Thyroid hormone (TH) increases β-oxidation of fatty acids and decreases intrahepatic lipid content (IHLC) in rodents with NAFLD. In this study we investigated the possibility of low intrahepatic TH concentration in NAFLD and studied the effect of TH treatment in humans. Design/Setting: We performed a phase 2b single arm study in six hospitals in Singapore to study whether TH reduced IHLC...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707880/risk-factors-for-adverse-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-women-with-preeclampsia-analysis-of-1396-cases
#18
Xun Li, Weishe Zhang, Jianhua Lin, Huai Liu, Zujing Yang, Yincheng Teng, Si Duan, Xinxiu Lin, Yingming Xie, Yuanqiu Li, Liangqun Xie, Qiaozhen Peng, Lu Xia
Preeclampsia is a major cause of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes, but how to identify women and fetuses at increased risk for later adverse events is a challenge. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in women with preeclampsia. Data from 1396 women with preeclampsia were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Eighteen candidate risk factors and 12 adverse outcomes were investigated. The following factors were found to be significantly associated with at least one adverse outcome: maternal age 35 years or older, multiple birth, the usage of assisted reproductive technology, living in a rural area, history of pregnancy-induced hypertension, male fetus, multigravida, or having polycystic ovary syndrome, hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count syndrome, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, cardiovascular disease, gestational diabetes mellitus, systemic lupus erythematosus, thyroid disease, or liver disease...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705998/photoacoustic-imaging-system-visualizes-restoration-of-peripheral-oxygenation-in-psoriatic-lesions
#19
Y Ishida, A Otsuka, T Honda, Y Asao, H Sekiguchi, A Yoshikawa, T Yagi, K Kabashima
Photoacoustic imaging (PAI) is an emerging technology that enables visualization of vasculatures and pigmented tissue in vivo1 . PAI has been used for the detection of cancers such as melanoma, thyroid cancer and breast cancer in pre-clinical studies2,3 . To date, no study has used PAI to assess a systemic, internal disease. Many systemic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes cause atherosclerosis (a macrovascular disease) and arteriosclerosis (a microvascular disease). While atherosclerosis is readily evaluated by clinical tests such as sonographic study of the common carotid arteries, arteriosclerosis cannot be readily assessed...
April 28, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686164/-treatment-of-rathke-s-cleft-cyst-technical-note-for-preservation-of-pituitary-function
#20
Miiko Ito, Kenichiro Matsuda, Atsushi Kuge, Shinya Sato, Takamasa Kayama, Yukihiko Sonoda
Pituitary dysfunction, such as panhypopituitarism or diabetes insipidus(DI), is often found in patients with Rathke's cleft cyst. Patients were treated with transsphenoidal microscopic surgery; however, pituitary dysfunction did not usually recover. Recently, endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery(eTSS)has enabled minimally invasive surgery for patients with Rathke's cleft cyst. In this study, we analyzed 22 consecutive patients with Rathke's cleft cyst who underwent eTSS to determine if pituitary dysfunction recovered...
April 2018: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
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