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Halitosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928777/determination-of-salivary-urea-and-uric-acid-of-patients-with-halitosis
#1
Faezeh Khozeimeh, Nakisa Torabinia, Shirin Shahnaseri, Hooman Shafaee, Seyed Amir Mousavi
BACKGROUND: Halitosis is the presence of unpleasant or foul smelling breath. The origin of halitosis may be related to both systemic and oral conditions, but a large percentage of cases, about 90%, is generally related to an oral cause. The aim of this study was to compare the concentration of urea and uric acid in patients with halitosis and people without halitosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, concentration of urea and uric acid was compared between two groups: (1) persons suffering halitosis (2) control group without halitosis...
July 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894624/use-of-traditional-plants-in-management-of-halitosis-in-a-moroccan-population
#2
Sanae Akkaoui, Oum Keltoum Ennibi
INTRODUCTION: The use of medicinal plants was a very spread therapeutic way. At present, several studies are moving toward this ancestral option, seen the emergence of several bacterial resistance and for the large number of side effects of some synthetic drugs. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to collect and evaluate information on medicinal plants commonly used in five Moroccan cities: Rabat, Salé, Témara, Khémisset, and Tiflet for the management of halitosis...
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875948/the-tongue-microbiome-in-healthy-subjects-and-patients-with-intra-oral-halitosis
#3
Kavitha Seerangaiyan, Arie Jan van Winkelhoff, Hermie J M Harmsen, John W A Rossen, Edwin G Winkel
Intra-oral halitosis (IOH) is an unpleasant odor emanating from the oral cavity. It is thought that the microbiota of the dorsal tongue coating plays a crucial role in this condition. The aim of the study was to investigate the composition of the tongue microbiome in subjects with and without IOH. A total of 26 subjects, 16 IOH patients and 10 healthy subjects were recruited based on their organoleptic score and volatile sulfur compound (VSC) measurements. The composition of the tongue microbiome was studied using the 16s amplicon sequencing of the V3-V4 hyper variable region with an Illumina MiSeq...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865731/an-unusual-cause-of-halitosis
#4
Takaaki Yoshikawa, Masaya Ohana, Akihisa Fukuda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864788/oral-health-education-for-medical-students-malaysian-and-australian-students-perceptions-of-educational-experience-and-needs
#5
Mas S Ahmad, Menaka A Abuzar, Ishak A Razak, Sabariah A Rahman, Gelsomina L Borromeo
Education in oral health is important to prepare future medical professionals for collaborative roles in maintaining patients' oral health, an important component of general health and well-being. The aims of this study were to determine the perceptions of medical students in Malaysia and Australia of the quality of their training in oral health care and their perceptions of their professional role in maintaining the oral health of their patients. A survey was administered in the classroom with final-year Malaysian (n=527; response rate=79...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864063/oral-hygiene-regimen-that-includes-toothbrushing-tongue-cleaning-and-mouthrinsing-is-probably-more-effective-in-minimizing-morning-oral-halitosis-than-toothbrushing-alone
#6
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857268/subjective-and-objective-halitosis-among-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Anna Greta Barbe, Deborah H C Deutscher, Sonja H M Derman, Martin Hellmich, Michael J Noack
OBJECTIVES: Parkinson's disease (PD) affects oral health, but prevalence of subjective and objective halitosis and the influence of hyposalivation remain unclear. We aimed to explore whether patients with PD suffer from halitosis and to define correlations between halitosis and hyposalivation. We hypothesised that patients with PD suffer more often from halitosis compared to healthy controls, influenced by dry mouth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjective (halitosis, xerostomia visual analogue scale [VAS], short German Oral Health Impact Profile [OHIPG]-14) and objective scales (e...
August 31, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836329/the-effect-of-professional-tooth-cleaning-or-non-surgical-periodontal-therapy-on-oral-halitosis-in-patients-with-periodontal-diseases-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Hcd Deutscher, Shm Derman, A G Barbe, R Seemann, M J Noack
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to give the best available evidence on the impact of professional tooth cleaning (PTC) and scaling and root planing (SRP) on oral halitosis in patients with periodontal diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three databases were screened for relevant studies. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or controlled clinical trials (CCT) were included. The primary outcome in all included studies was volatile sulphur compounds (VSC) measured by Halimeter or OralChroma and organoleptic scores as secondary outcome...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789700/two-different-protein-expression-profiles-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-analyzed-by-immunoprecipitation-high-performance-liquid-chromatography
#9
Soung Min Kim, Dasul Jeong, Min Keun Kim, Sang Shin Lee, Suk Keun Lee
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the most dangerous cancers in the body, producing serious complications with individual behaviors. Many different pathogenetic factors are involved in the carcinogenesis of OSCC. Cancer cells derived from oral keratinocytes can produce different carcinogenic signaling pathways through differences in protein expression, but their protein expression profiles cannot be easily explored with ordinary detection methods. METHODS: The present study compared the protein expression profiles between two different types of OSCCs, which were analyzed through immunoprecipitation high-performance liquid chromatography (IP-HPLC)...
August 8, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765772/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-nelumbo-leaf-extracts-and-identification-of-their-metabolites
#10
Eunkyo Park, Gyoung Deuck Kim, Min-Sun Go, Dodan Kwon, In-Kyung Jung, Joong Hyuck Auh, Jung-Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Nelumbo leaves have been used in traditional medicine to treat bleeding, gastritis, hemorrhoids, and halitosis. However, their mechanisms have not been elucidated. MATERIALS/METHODS: The present study prepared two Nelumbo leaf extracts (NLEs) using water or 50% ethanol. Inflammatory response was induced with LPS treatment, and expression of pro-inflammatory mediators (inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase-2, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6 and nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) productions were assessed...
August 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749582/is-periodontitis-associated-with-halitosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Manuela F Silva, Mariana G Cademartori, Fábio R M Leite, Rodrigo López, Flávio F Demarco, Gustavo G Nascimento
AIM: To systematically review the literature in order to investigate a potential association between periodontitis and halitosis. METHODS: Electronic searches were performed in four different databases: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Scielo. Population based observational studies that tested the association between periodontitis and halitosis were included. Additionally, meta-analysis, meta-regression and subgroup analyses were performed to synthesize the evidence...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743086/effect-of-cinnamon-cinnamomum-verum-bark-essential-oil-on-the-halitosis-associated-bacterium-solobacterium-moorei-and-in-vitro-cytotoxicity
#12
Geneviève LeBel, Bruno Haas, Andrée-Ann Adam, Marie-Pier Veilleux, Amel Ben Lagha, Daniel Grenier
OBJECTIVES: Halitosis, also known as bad breath or oral malodour, is a condition affecting a large proportion of the population. Solobacterium moorei is a Gram-positive anaerobic bacterium that has been specifically associated with halitosis. In this study, we investigated the effects of essential oils, more particularly cinnamon bark oil, on growth, biofilm formation, eradication and killing, as well as hydrogen sulfide (H2S) production by S. moorei. METHODS: A broth microdilution assay was used to determine the antibacterial activity of essential oils...
July 12, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742057/effect-of-photodynamic-therapy-in-the-reduction-of-halitosis-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-clinical-trial
#13
Marcela Leticia Leal Gonçalves, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Yara Dadalti Fragoso, Vinícius Vieira Belarmino da Silva, Alessandro M Deana, Ana Carolina Ciarcia, Erika Horácio Pinto, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana, Cristiane Miranda França
Smell and odours play a vital role in social interaction. Halitosis is a social problem that affects one-third of the population causing a negative impact in the quality of life. There is little knowledge on the prevalence and management of halitosis in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients. The present study aimed to evaluate the presence of halitosis in patients with MS when compared to a control group and the treatment with antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) against halitosis. This is a case-control clinical study where 60 patients were evaluated: 30 MS patients in treatment at the Specialties Clinic School of Medicine, and 30 healthy patients, matched in age and gender, for the control group...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727160/the-long-term-effect-of-a-zinc-acetate-and-chlorhexidine-diacetate-containing-mouth-rinse-on-intra-oral-halitosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Seida Erovic Ademovski, Carina Mårtensson, G Rutger Persson, Stefan Renvert
AIM: To evaluate the long-term effects of a zinc acetate and chlorhexidine diacetate mouth rinse (Zn/CHX) on intra-oral halitosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six adults with intra-oral halitosis were randomized into a 6-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study. The presence of intra-oral halitosis was evaluated at baseline, 3, and 6 months after treatment by assessment of organoleptic score (OLS) and by total volatile sulphur compounds (T-VSC), hydrogen sulphide (H2 S) and methyl mercaptan (MM) concentrations in exhaled air...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718462/-preventive-dentistry-7-getting-rid-of-halitosis
#15
T M H de Jong, M L Laine
Halitosis or bad breath is a problem that affects many people and its source is generally found in the oral cavity (intra-oral halitosis). Bacteria in the oral cavity produce volatile sulphur compounds such as hydrogen sulphide and methyl mercaptan that not only emit an unpleasant odour, but may also have toxic effects on the periodontal tissues. Good oral hygiene, a healthy periodontium and healthy teeth are the basis for the prevention of intra-oral halitosis and dentists and dental hygienists therefore play an essential role in its prevention...
July 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716176/systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcomes-after-revision-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#16
Shashi Prasad, Eric Fong, Eng H Ooi
BACKGROUND: Revision endoscopic sinus surgery (RESS) may be required for partially controlled or uncontrolled chronic rhinosinusitis. Studies that reported technical success, e.g., sinus ostia patency after RESS, do not address whether the patient's symptoms and quality of life (QOL) improve after surgery. However, patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) are useful to assess the impact of sinus surgery on a patient's symptoms and QOL. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review was undertaken to evaluate the impact of RESS on PROMs...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713496/effect-of-denture-cleaning-on-abrasion-resistance-and-surface-topography-of-polymerized-cad-cam-acrylic-resin-denture-base
#17
Lana Ahmed Shinawi
BACKGROUND: The application of computer-aided design computer-aided manufacturing (CAD CAM) technology in the fabrication of complete dentures, offers numerous advantages as it provides optimum fit and eliminates polymerization shrinkage of the acrylic base. Additionally, the porosity and surface roughness of CAD CAM resins is less compared to conventionally processed resins which leads to a decrease in the adhesion of bacteria on the denture base, which is associated with many conditions including halitosis and aspiration pneumonia in elderly denture wearers...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693361/systemic-effects-of-h2s-inhalation-at-human-equivalent-dose-of-pathologic-halitosis-on-rats
#18
Defne Yalçın Yeler, Murat Aydin, Mehmet Gül, Turgay Hocaoğlu, Hakan Özdemir, Melike Koraltan
OBJECTIVES: Halitosis is composed by hundreds of toxic gases. It is still not clear whether halitosis gases self-inhaled by halitosis patients cause side effects. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of H2S inhalation at a low concentration (human equivalent dose of pathologic halitosis) on rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The threshold level of pathologic halitosis perceived by humans at 250 ppb of H2S was converted to rat equivalent concentration (4...
July 11, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676903/estimated-prevalence-of-halitosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Manuela F Silva, Fábio R M Leite, Larissa B Ferreira, Natália M Pola, Frank A Scannapieco, Flávio F Demarco, Gustavo G Nascimento
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to conduct a systematic review to determine the prevalence of halitosis in adolescents and adults. METHODS: Electronic searches were performed using four different databases without restrictions: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and SciELO. Population-based observational studies that provided data about the prevalence of halitosis in adolescents and adults were included. Additionally, meta-analyses, meta-regression, and sensitivity analyses were conducted to synthesize the evidence...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661108/-endoscopic-resection-of-zenker-diverticulum-a-single-center-experience
#20
Yuval Nachalon, Jacob Shvero
BACKGROUND: Zenker diverticulum (ZD) is a pseudodiverticulum and usually affects males in the 6th-9th decade of life, symptoms include dysphagia, regurgitation, chronic cough, aspiration, halitosis and weight loss. Surgery has been the mainstay treatment of symptomatic ZD and can be divided into external and intraluminal (endoscopic) techniques. METHODS: Charts of all patients who had endoscopic correction of ZD in a tertiary referral center in the last 5 years were retrieved...
June 2017: Harefuah
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