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Joseph Nimako-Boateng, Michael Owusu-Antwi, Priscilla Nortey
Dental diseases are common in man and range from a toothache to cancers of the head and neck. Dental conditions can affect our capacity to function effectively in areas such as smiling, chewing and speaking. The objective of this study was to describe the main types of dental conditions presenting at the University Hospital between January 2006 and December 2011 and to determine factors associated with the top five diagnosed conditions as well as the acute and chronic conditions. A retrospective review of all 5012 clinical records of dental patients visiting the dental unit within the period stated was carried out...
2016: SpringerPlus
Defne Yalçın Yeler, Murat Aydın, Peyami Turgay Hocaoğlu, Melike Koraltan, Hakan Özdemir, Tuğba Kotil, Mehmet Gül
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and other volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) appear mainly in the oral air of patients with halitosis. It seems that VSCs are directly involved in the pathogenesis of gingival diseases. In previous studies, short-term (7 hours-4 days), high concentrations (5-400 ppm) of H2S applications on periodontal tissues have been evaluated in a culture medium. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential effects of lower (equivalent to halitosis) concentrations of H2S on rat gingival tissue for longer-term inhalation...
October 13, 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Montalverne Hb Lopes, Cassiano K Rösing, Paulo Roberto G Colussi, Francisco Wilker Mg Muniz, Maria Ss Linden
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of selfreported halitosis and associated factors in adolescents from Passo Fundo, Brazil. Additionally, we studied adolescents' concern with their own breath and whether anyone had ever told them that they had halitosis. A crosssectional observational survey was conducted on 15to 19year old high school students from public and private schools in the city of Passo Fundo, Brazil. The random sample consisted of 736 adolescents from 20 schools. An interview with a structured questionnaire was administered...
September 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Wenhuan Dou, Juan Li, Liming Xu, Jianhong Zhu, Kewei Hu, Zhenyu Sui, Jianzong Wang, Lingling Xu, Shaofeng Wang, Guojian Yin
BACKGROUND: Halitosis is used to describe any disagreeable odor of expired air regardless of its origin. Numerous trials published have investigated the relation between Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) infection and halitosis, and even some regimes of H pylori eradication have been prescribed to those patients with halitosis in the clinic. We conducted a meta-analysis to define the correlation between H pylori infection and halitosis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether there is a real correlation between H pylori infection and halitosis, and whether H pylori eradication therapy will help relieve halitosis...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Wen Ren, Qun Zhang, Xuenan Liu, Shuguo Zheng, Lili Ma, Feng Chen, Tao Xu, Baohua Xu
As one of the most complex human-associated microbial habitats, the oral cavity harbors hundreds of bacteria. Halitosis is a prevalent oral condition that is typically caused by bacteria. The aim of this study was to analyze the microbial communities and predict functional profiles in supragingival plaque from healthy individuals and those with halitosis. Ten preschool children were enrolled in this study; five with halitosis and five without. Supragingival plaque was isolated from each participant and 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing was used to identify the microbes present...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Elif Yıldızer Keriş, Didem Atabek, Kahraman Güngör
BACKGROUND: The current study evaluated the effects of fixed and removable space-maintainers on halitosis and oral health of children. METHODS: Forty-three patients randomly selected between the ages 4-10 whom fixed or removable space maintainers were indicated in Gazi University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pedodontics. The inclusing criteria were: caries-free (with/without restorations), with absence of periodontal diseases, without systematic disease, no mouth breathing and no use of antibiotics the 2-months period before the study...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Ottorino Perrone, Valentina Tassi, Benedetta Mattioli, Niccolò Daddi, Mariella Uneddu, Ignazio Borghesi, Sandro Mattioli
OBJECTIVES: Pharyngo-oesophageal perforation is a rare, life-threatening complication of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion surgery; its management remains poorly defined. We reviewed our experience to understand the treatment of this dreadful complication. METHODS: Data regarding the demographics, clinical course, diagnosis, management and outcomes of 15 cases of pharyngo-oesophageal perforations in 14 patients were collected during the period from 2003 to 2016...
September 11, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Juliana Oliveira Silveira, Fernando Oliveira Costa, Peterson Antônio Dutra Oliveira, Bernardo Carvalho Dutra, Sheila Cavalca Cortelli, José Roberto Cortelli, Luís Otávio Miranda Cota, Alcione Maria Soares Dutra Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the effect of one-stage full-mouth disinfection (FMD) and conventional quadrant scaling in four weekly sessions (QS) on periodontal clinical parameters and halitosis among individuals with advanced chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 30 individuals were divided into two groups: FMD (n = 15) and QS (n = 15). The following data were collected at the baseline and 90 days after treatment: plaque index, tongue-coating index (TCI), bleeding on probing, probing depth, and clinical attachment level...
September 10, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Magdalena Janczarek, Teresa Bachanek, Elżbieta Mazur, Renata Chałas
The dynamic development of knowledge in the field of probiotics was commenced at the beginning of the 20th century. Since then, many ways of their possible usage in medicine have been established. In accordance with the WHO, probiotics are live microorganisms, which if applied in adequate amounts may benefit the host. Among probiotics, fungi and bacteria are distinguished, and mechanisms of action of these organisms in the oral cavity and gut are parallel. Application in dentistry, in prophylaxis and treatment of oral diseases is still not well known...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Fernanda Carpes Milanesi, Bruno Kauer, Tassiane Panta Wagner, Luciana Dondonis Daudt, Alex Nogueira Haas
Halitosis is still poorly studied in young adults. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of self-reported halitosis and associate it with demographic and behavioral factors in young adult dental students. This cross-sectional study was designed as a census of students enrolled in three initial and three final semesters of a dental course in a Brazilian public university. Of 284 eligible students, 257 (90.5%) completed a self-administered questionnaire. Self-reported halitosis was the primary study outcome, and was assessed with the question "do you feel you have bad breath?"...
2016: Brazilian Oral Research
H-X Lu, X-L Chen, McM Wong, C Zhu, W Ye
OBJECTIVES: To compare differences in oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) between halitosis and non-halitosis patients and to explore relationships between halitosis and OHRQoL. METHODS: Patients who visited the halitosis clinic at the Ninth People's Hospital and were diagnosed with halitosis were included in the halitosis group. The control group consisted of patients without halitosis. All participants were assessed for halitosis (volatile sulphur compound measurements with a portable sulphide monitor, Oral Chroma and organoleptic tests), underwent a clinical oral examination (dental caries status and periodontal condition) and completed a questionnaire...
August 11, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Zahra Jamali, Naser Asl Aminabadi, Mohammad Samiei, Alireza Sighari Deljavan, Marzieh Shokravi, Sajjad Shirazi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of chlorhexidine disinfection, as a chemical method of oral hygiene practice, and subsequent use of probiotics on halitosis in children. The effects of mechanical and chemical oral hygiene practice methods on the severity of halitosis were also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 208 children with organoleptic test (OLT) scores of 2 or more were randomly assigned to four groups: A: conventional oral hygiene practices (COH) including toothbrushing and flossing; B: COH + tongue scraping (TS); C: COH + TS + chlorhexidine; D: COH + TS + chlorhexidine + probiotics...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Mehmet Emre Dinc, Aytug Altundag, Denizhan Dizdar, Mehmet Ozgur Avincsal, Ethem Sahin, Seckin Ulusoy, Ceki Paltura
OBJECTIVES: Although most specialists in otorhinolaryngology and pediatrics find halitosis to be a common problem in children with adenoid hypertrophy, there are no objective data on this topic in the literature. Whether adenoid hypertrophy is a risk factor for halitosis or whether halitosis is a sign of adenoid hypertrophy remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate whether children diagnosed with adenoid hypertrophy have a higher probability of halitosis than do children in the normal population and whether adenoidectomy can decrease oral malodor...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
C O A Enyuma, M Offiong, A Adekanye, U Akpan, N Ezeanyagu, O Uffiah
Foreign body (FB) in the aerodigestive tracts has been commonly reported but findings of impacted foreign bodies in the nasopharynx following inhalation/ingestion are very rare. Most of the FB gets lodged as a result of forceful vomiting, coughing,and digital manoeuvres for removal of FB in the oropharynx. Several objects have been identified lodged in the nasopharynx. No age group is spared although most victims are children under 10 years of age. Foreign bodies in the nasopharynx can be uneventful or potentially dangerous depending on type, size and location as it may cause sudden airway obstruction, or local pressure necrosis of alimentary or respiratory tract or both...
October 2015: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
M Zellmer, L Gahnberg, P Ramberg
OBJECTIVES: Halitosis is a concern for many people, but has sparsely been studied in elderly living in nursing homes. The aim of this investigation was to study the prevalence of halitosis in this particular group and factors that could be associated with this condition. METHOD AND MATERIALS: One hundred and twenty-four residents at three different nursing homes were included in the study. The level of halitosis was assessed using an organoleptic method based on a 6-graded scale...
August 1, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Hi Gyu Moon, Youngmo Jung, Soo Deok Han, Young-Seok Shim, Beomju Shin, Taikjin Lee, Jin-Sang Kim, Seok Lee, Seong Chan Jun, Hyung-Ho Park, Chulki Kim, Chong-Yun Kang
Detection of gas-phase chemicals finds a wide variety of applications, including food and beverages, fragrances, environmental monitoring, chemical and biochemical processing, medical diagnostics, and transportation. One approach for these tasks is to use arrays of highly sensitive and selective sensors as an electronic nose. Here, we present a high performance chemiresistive electronic nose (CEN) based on an array of metal oxide thin films, metal-catalyzed thin films, and nanostructured thin films. The gas sensing properties of the CEN show enhanced sensitive detection of H2S, NH3, and NO in an 80% relative humidity (RH) atmosphere similar to the composition of exhaled breath...
August 17, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
M Bifulco, M Amato, G Gangemi, M Marasco, M Caggiano, A Amato, S Pisanti
Even though dental care is sometimes erroneously considered a modern practice, written records from major ancient civilisation all around the world date back to several millennia BC. In particular, in the Middle Ages, among the tenth and thirteenth centuries, the illustrious Medical School of Salerno in Italy, the most important institution in the Western world for the diffusion of medical knowledge, disseminated through its precepts the importance of oral hygiene and practiced specific dental therapies for tooth decay, gingivitis, paradentosis and halitosis among others...
July 22, 2016: British Dental Journal
Zohaib Khurshid, Muhammad S Zafar, Sana Zohaib, Shariq Najeeb, Mustafa Naseem
Green tea is a widely consumed beverage worldwide. Numerous studies have suggested about the beneficial effects of green tea on oral conditions such as dental caries, periodontal diseases and halitosis. However, to date there have not been many review articles published that focus on beneficial effects of green tea on oral disease. The aim of this publication is to summarize the research conducted on the effects of green tea on oral cavity. Green tea might help reduce the bacterial activity in the oral cavity that in turn, can reduce the aforementioned oral afflictions...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
Thurid Ahlenstiel-Grunow, Nele K Kanzelmeyer, Kerstin Froede, Martin Kreuzer, Jens Drube, Christian Lerch, Lars Pape
BACKGROUND: Nephropathic cystinosis is a rare lysosomal storage disease which is characterized by the accumulation of free cystine in lysosomes and subsequent intracellular crystal formation of cystine throughout the body. If not treated with cysteamine, a cystine-depleting agent, end-stage renal disease will develop early, followed by multiple organ failure as the disease progresses. The established cysteamine formulation requires a strict dosing regimen at 6-h intervals. An extended release (ER) twice-daily formulation has recently been developed...
June 27, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Rainer Seemann, Andreas Filippi, Sebastian Michaelis, Susanne Lauterbach, Hans-Dieter John, Jörg Huismann
Halitosis occurs in approximately 30% of the adult population and has a negative social and psychological impact on affected individuals. Mouthwashes may be used to prevent unpleasant odour, with long-duration of effect being a desirable attribute. The aim of this study was to assess the long-term efficacy of CB12 (a mixture of 0.3% zinc acetate and 0.025% chlorhexidine) for the treatment of intra-oral halitosis. Thirty-four subjects with confirmed intra-oral halitosis were randomized into a double-blind, controlled, cross-over study to one of 2 groups; (i) CB12-water-water or (ii) water-CB12-CB12...
2016: Journal of Breath Research
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