Read by QxMD icon Read


Jie-Wei Luo, Cong-Huai Lin, Yao-Bin Zhu, Xing-Yu Zheng, Yong-Xi Wu, Wei-Wei Chen, Xiao Yang
Structural changes in symbiotic human microorganisms can affect host phenotype. Liver-fire hyperactivity syndrome (LFHS) presents as bitter taste, halitosis, xerostomia, odontalgia, and other oral symptoms. LFHS is associated with hypertension (EH). In this study, tongue flora was analyzed to further understand the intrinsic relationship between tongue flora and LFHS. Samples of tongue coating, from 16 patients with EH-LFHS, 16 with EH-non-LFHS, and 16 controls, were obtained; then, 16S rRNA variable (V3-V4) regions were amplified and sequenced by MiSeq PE300 Sequencing...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Muhammed Sedat Sakat, Korhan Kilic, Ayhan Kars, Mustafa Kara, Mustafa Sitki Gozeler
Objective: Tonsillectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures performed at ear, nose, and throat clinics. Chronic recurrent tonsillitis, obstructive tonsillitis, and halitosis are among the most common indications for surgery. Determining whether the infection is chronic and the patient's annual number of infections are important in estimating the necessity for surgery to be performed due to infectious causes. Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a numerical value present in normal complete blood count that provides information about erythrocytes and their dimensions...
February 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
U Kandalam, N Ledra, H Laubach, K V Venkatachalam
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pathogenic infections caused by Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, and Tannerella forsythia can result in the production of volatile sulfur compounds (VSC's) and other toxic compounds from methionine catabolism that can lead to halitosis and periodontitis. Our aim is to block the activity of methionine gammalyase-deaminase (Mgld) of methionine catabolism to prevent halitosis/periodontitis. DESIGNS: Cloned, expressed, Mgld protein was tested for purity by SDS-PAGE and western blotting...
March 1, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Jing Wang, Lu He
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychological condition of Chinese patients with or without a primary complaint of halitosis. METHODS: The psychological condition of 196 Chinese patients who visited the Department of Periodontics was evaluated using the Cornell Medical Index (CMI) health questionnaire. The breath malodour of all patients was scored using the organoleptic test (OLT). RESULTS: More than half of patients (53.1%) complaining of halitosis actually demonstrated pseudo-halitosis...
2018: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
Salman Shuja, Azmina Hussain, Sofia Malik, Tahir Rizwan, Muhammad Amin, Ziaullah Choudhry
BACKGROUND: Globally approximately 100 million people are waterpipe smokers and this trend also prevails in Pakistan. It has detrimental effects on general health and oral health. The objective of the study was to determine the perception of health professional students regarding waterpipe smoking (WPS) and to assess their awareness about adverse effects of WPS on oral health. METHODS: A selfadministered questionnaire based cross-sectional study was conducted among health professional students in three medical and dental institutes of Karachi from December 2015 to February 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
John Manov, Michael Langston, Patrick Roth, Jodie Barkin, Russ Kuker, Jamie S Barkin
Pancreatic cancer is often detected in late stages, which contributes to its grim prognosis. Although the manifestations of pancreatic cancer most often include nonspecific gastrointestinal complaints, we report a case with the sole initial complaint of halitosis and subsequent diagnostic workup demonstrating a pancreatic mass with secondary pancreatocolonic fistulization. The etiologies of and the radiological findings pertaining to halitosis, the presenting symptoms and imaging studies relevant to the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, and the imaging and clinical findings of pancreatic fistulization are discussed...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Hiroshi Sakagami, Mineko Tomomura
This review article summarizes the recent progress in dental applications of natural products. Catechin gel showed selective antimicrobial activity, whereas the alkaline extract of various plant species rich in lignin carbohydrate complex (LCC) showed much higher antiviral activity than lower molecular weight polyphenols. Mouthwash with the alkaline extract of a plant classified as OTC effectively reduced halitosis. Unexpectedly, many polyphenolic compounds purified from the natural kingdom showed much lower tumor-specificity against human oral squamous cell lines as compared with antitumor agents, although they showed apoptosis-inducing activity...
February 14, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
Sedigheh Bakhtiari, Marziye Sehatpour, Hamed Mortazavi, Mahin Bakhshi
Background: Adverse reaction to medication is common and may have a variety of clinical manifestations in the oral cavity. The present review paper aimed to describe adverse drug reactions (ADRs) which might be encountered by dental practitioners in every discipline. Methods: In this narrative review article, the specialized databases such as PubMed, PubMed Central, MEDLINE, EBSCO, Science Direct, Scopus, and reference books from the years 2000-2016 were used to find relevant documents by using MeSH terms: Adverse Drug Reaction, Drug induced, Medication Related, Mouth, Oral Manifestation, Tooth, Hard Tissue, Soft Tissue...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Sabina Herman, Grażyna Lisowska, Joanna Herman, Ewa Wojtyna, Maciej Misiołek
The aims of the study were to determine the severity of halitosis and the association between oral hygiene practices and the severity of malodor in patients with dental and laryngological etiologies of genuine halitosis. Thirty-five laryngological and 40 dental patients with halitosis completed a structured interview and underwent laryngological and dental examinations. Halitosis was assessed using organoleptic and halimeter tests. Greater halitosis severity in laryngological patients was associated with worse clinical status of the palatine tonsils, less frequent toothbrushing, less frequent use of tongue cleaners, fewer daily meals, and increased use of mouthrinses...
February 2, 2018: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Elizabeth M King, Tanya L Cerajewska, Matthew Locke, Nicholas C A Claydon, Maria Davies, Nicola X West
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF; BTI Biotechnology Institute, San Antonio, Spain) for the treatment of alveolar osteitis compared with a positive control (Alvogyl; Septodont, Maidstone, Kent, UK). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center, single-blinded, randomized, 2-treatment, parallel study was conducted in a UK dental hospital. All healthy adults who presented with alveolar osteitis after tooth extraction over a 3-month period were invited to participate...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Hyun-Seung Shin, Dong-Heon Baek, Sung-Hoon Lee
Lactococcus lactis is a probiotic bacterium that produces various bacteriocins. Periodontopathogens induce inflammation and halitosis through the actions of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and trypsin-like enzymes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effects of L. lactis on the bioactivity of periodontopathogens. To investigate the antimicrobial peptide of L. lactis, the spent culture medium (SCM) of L. lactis was treated with or without proteinase K after collection by centrifugation, and the antibacterial activity of SCM against periodontopathogens was assessed...
January 25, 2018: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
Tao He, Svetlana Farrell
Oral diseases, particularly caries and gingivitis, continue to be widespread. Incorporating a stabilized stannous fluoride dentifrice into patients' daily oral hygiene routine is a convenient, cost effective approach to improve and protect their oral health and the appearance of their smile. Unlike other common fluorides that only provide anti-caries benefits (e.g., sodium fluoride and sodium monofluorophosphate), stabilized stannous fluoride formulations have demonstrated broader and significantly greater protection, also reducing plaque, gingivitis, erosion, sensitivity, and halitosis...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
Jung Hwan Jo, Eui Joo Kim, Ji Rak Kim, Moon Jong Kim, Jin Woo Chung, Ji Woon Park
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quality and readability of Internet-based information on halitosis. STUDY DESIGN: An Internet search through 3 engines (Google, Yahoo, and Bing) was done with the terms ("bad breath," "halitosis," "oral malodor," "foul breath," "mouth malodor," "breath malodor," "fetor ex ore," "fetor oris," "ozostomia," and "stomatodysodia"). The first 50 websites from each engine resulting from each search term were screened. Included websites were evaluated using Health on the Net (HON) criteria, Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks, DISCERN, Ensuring Quality Information for Patients (EQIP), Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) score, and Flesch-Kincaid Grade level...
December 8, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Zahra Momeni, Katayoun Sargeran, Reza Yazdani, Shirin Shahbazi Sighaldeh
Objectives: Oral health is an important aspect of general health and well-being for children. Understanding the viewpoint of mothers about children's oral health provides a basis for the development of interventions to improve oral care and disease prevention. The purpose of this study was to explore the perception of Iranian mothers regarding the oral health of their children. Materials and Methods: This descriptive qualitative study was the first phase of an exploratory mixed method design and collected data from April to May 2015 in Tehran, Iran...
July 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Muhammad Ashraf Nazir, Khalid Almas, Muhammad Irfan Majeed
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of halitosis and the factors associated with it among dental students and interns in Lahore, Pakistan. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was chosen, and a sample of dental students and interns was collected from seven dental colleges in Lahore, Pakistan. A total of 833 participants were approached in person as convenient sample population. A self-reported questionnaire was administered and informed consent was obtained...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
Justin E R E Wong Chung, Peter Paul G van Benthem, Henk M Blom
OBJECTIVE: Tonsillotomy has emerged as an alternative for tonsillectomy in treating patients with tonsil-related afflictions. Tonsillotomy provides favourable outcomes in children, but treatment of choice in adults remains unclear. This systematic review sought to evaluate the current literature on the efficacy and adverse events of tonsillotomy compared to tonsillectomy in adults. METHODS: A Medline and Cochrane search was conducted for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and cohort studies comparing tonsillotomy to tonsillectomy in adults...
December 15, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Snehal Patil, Shashidhar Acharya, Siddhi Hathiwala, Deepak Kumar Singhal, Samuel Raj Srinivasan, Sachin Khatri
Introduction: Oral malodour is a social malady affecting people of all the age groups. Effective management of oral malodour is the key to improve the quality of life of such people. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of ayurvedic medication, G32 in controlling oral malodour and comparing the effects with Chlorhexidine (CHX). Materials and Methods: This was a single blind randomized controlled trial with parallel study design conducted at a hospital in the city of Udupi in Southern India...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Robert P Allaker, Abish S Stephen
Purpose of Review: The purpose of this study is to critically assess recent studies concerning the use of probiotics to control periodontal diseases, dental caries and halitosis (oral malodour). Recent Findings: Clinical studies have shown that probiotics when allied to conventional periodontal treatment can ameliorate microbial dysbiosis and produce significant improvement in clinical indicators of disease. However, this effect is often not maintained by the host after the end of probiotic use...
2017: Current Oral Health Reports
Marie-Gabrielle Schumacher, Andrea Zürcher, Andreas Filippi
About every fourth individual suffers at leasttemporarily from oral malodor. The most frequentcause of it is the oral cavity, in particular thetongue coating. In professional halitosis clinics,findings and diagnoses are discussed with thepatients, and individual therapy concepts are designed. Currently, there are only few ev alua- tions of such clinics, which moreover are con- fined to a period of a few weeks or months. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the halitosis clinic of the University Center of Dental Medicine Basel o ver a period of eleven years...
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"