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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151243/ucd-school-of-medicine-summer-student-research-awards-2017-4th-october-2017-ucd-dublin-ireland
#1
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November 18, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149878/assessing-the-delivery-of-alcohol-screening-and-brief-intervention-in-sexual-health-clinics-in-the-north-east-of-england
#2
C Sullivan, N Martin, C White, D Newbury-Birch
BACKGROUND: Risky drinking is associated with risky sexual experiences, however the relationship between alcohol and sex is complex. The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility of delivering alcohol screening and brief interventions in genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics. The objectives were to; understand the levels of alcohol use amongst patients; report on the number of alcohol interventions delivered; and to analyse the relationship between alcohol use with demographic data as well as diagnosed sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to see if there were any associations...
November 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143778/the-forty-sixth-euro-congress-on-drug-synthesis-and-analysis-snapshot-%C3%A2
#3
Pavel Mucaji, Atanas G Atanasov, Andrzej Bak, Violetta Kozik, Karolina Sieron, Mark Olsen, Weidong Pan, Yazhou Liu, Shengchao Hu, Junjie Lan, Norbert Haider, Robert Musiol, Jan Vanco, Marc Diederich, Seungwon Ji, Jan Zitko, Dongdong Wang, Danica Agbaba, Katarina Nikolic, Slavica Oljacic, Jelica Vucicevic, Daniela Jezova, Anna Tsantili-Kakoulidou, Fotios Tsopelas, Constantinos Giaginis, Teresa Kowalska, Mieczyslaw Sajewicz, Jerzy Silberring, Przemyslaw Mielczarek, Marek Smoluch, Izabela Jendrzejewska, Jaroslaw Polanski, Josef Jampilek
The 46th EuroCongress on Drug Synthesis and Analysis (ECDSA-2017) was arranged within the celebration of the 65th Anniversary of the Faculty of Pharmacy at Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia from 5-8 September 2017 to get together specialists in medicinal chemistry, organic synthesis, pharmaceutical analysis, screening of bioactive compounds, pharmacology and drug formulations; promote the exchange of scientific results, methods and ideas; and encourage cooperation between researchers from all over the world...
October 28, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142573/standing-out-with-professionalism-how-do-students-and-faculty-of-two-different-medical-schools-perceive-it
#4
Kamran Sattar, Sue Roff, Durdana Siddiqui, Sultan Ayoub Meo
Background and Objectives: Medical professionalism is an essential aspect of medical education and practice worldwide. Our objective was to explore and compare the perception as recommended sanctions about professionalism lapses, using the "Dundee Polyprofessionalism Inventory I: Academic Integrity", among the faculty and the students' of two different medical schools in Saudi Arabia. Methods: Respondents from the two medical schools in Saudi Arabia, recommended sanctions for the first time, absolute lapses in academic professionalism were determined by using the "Dundee Polyprofessionalism Inventory 1: Academic Integrity"...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142560/changes-in-empathy-during-medical-education-an-example-from-turkey
#5
Fusun Artiran Igde, Mustafa Kursat Sahin
Objective: Empathy is a key element of patient- physician communication; it is relevant to and positively influences patients' health. In this study we aimed to present the Turkey example for the empathy change during the medical faculty training. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Samsun, Turkey. in first three years students of medicine during September 2014 to June 2015...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142543/career-choices-of-medical-doctors-at-graduate-level-a-multicenter-study
#6
Sadaf Zia, Maisam Abbas, Mehreen Sulaiman, Salman Matiullah Sheikh
Objective: To find out the specialty choices being taken by Final year Medical students and graduate Doctors. Method: This is a cross sectional survey study which was conducted over two months from 1(st) November to 31(st) December 2016. Final year students and house job doctors were asked for the filling of Performa, after filling the consent form. A self-developed, anonymous questionnaire was used to conduct the study using close ended type of questions. This was a multi-center study conducted at Dow International Medical College and Jinnah Medical and Dental College...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142478/chronic-opioids-in-gastroparesis-relationship-with-gastrointestinal-symptoms-healthcare-utilization-and-employment
#7
Asad Jehangir, Henry P Parkman
AIM: To examine the relationship of chronic scheduled opioid use on symptoms, healthcare utilization and employment in gastroparesis (Gp) patients. METHODS: Patients referred to our tertiary care academic center from May 2016 to July 2017, with established diagnosis or symptoms suggestive of Gp filled out the Patient Assessment of Upper GI Symptoms, abdominal pain and demographics questionnaires, and underwent gastric emptying and blood tests. They were asked about taking pain medicines and the types, doses, and duration...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142344/investigating-the-role-of-global-histogram-equalization-technique-for-99m-technetium-methylene-diphosphonate-bone-scan-image-enhancement
#8
Anil Kumar Pandey, Param Dev Sharma, Pankaj Dheer, Girish Kumar Parida, Harish Goyal, Chetan Patel, Chandrashekhar Bal, Rakesh Kumar
Purpose of the Study: (99m)Technetium-methylene diphosphonate ((99m)Tc-MDP) bone scan images have limited number of counts per pixel, and hence, they have inferior image quality compared to X-rays. Theoretically, global histogram equalization (GHE) technique can improve the contrast of a given image though practical benefits of doing so have only limited acceptance. In this study, we have investigated the effect of GHE technique for (99m)Tc-MDP-bone scan images. Materials and Methods: A set of 89 low contrast (99m)Tc-MDP whole-body bone scan images were included in this study...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141618/what-do-australian-consumers-pharmacists-and-prescribers-think-about-documenting-indications-on-prescriptions-and-dispensed-medicines-labels-a-qualitative-study
#9
Mona Garada, Andrew J McLachlan, Gordon D Schiff, Elin C Lehnbom
BACKGROUND: Documenting the indication on prescriptions and dispensed medicines labels is not standard practice in Australia. However, previous studies that have focused on the content and design of dispensed medicines labels, have suggested including the indication as a safety measure. The aim of this study was to investigate the perspectives of Australian consumers, pharmacists and prescribers on documenting the indication on prescriptions and dispensed medicines labels. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted and mock-up of dispensed medicines labels were designed for participants...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140916/gender-disparities-in-medical-student-research-awards-a-thirteen-year-study-from-the-yale-school-of-medicine
#10
Joseph T King, Nancy R Angoff, John N Forrest, Amy C Justice
PURPOSE: Instruction in research conduct is currently required, and many U.S. medical schools require students to complete a research project. Each year all Yale School of Medicine (YSM) graduating students submit a research thesis, and ~5% are awarded highest honors. Gender disparities exist in areas related to physician research productivity, including academic rank, research funding, and publications. The authors asked whether gender disparities exist for medical student research. METHOD: The authors conducted a retrospective review of 1,120 theses submitted by graduating medical students from 2003-2015 at YSM and collected data on gender, mentoring, research type, sponsoring department, and other characteristics...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138632/the-e-generation-the-technological-usage-and-experiences-of-medical-students-from-a-developing-country
#11
Priyasdarshani Galappatthy, Wasundara S Wathurapatha, Priyanga Ranasinghe, Maheshi D M S Wijayabandara, Dinuka S Warapitiya, Krishantha Weerasuriya
Background: The medical community is increasingly using Portable Electronic Devices (PEDs). We evaluated usage of PEDs and medical apps among medical students from Sri Lanka. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo. Medical students from 2nd to 5th year were invited for the study. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect details of PEDs availability, accessibility, and usage, perceived advantages/barriers of PEDs, and availability, accessibility, and usage of medical apps...
2017: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138218/lecture-attendance-improves-success-in-medical-physiology
#12
Enver Ahmet Demir, Okan Tutuk, Hatice Dogan, Duygu Egeli, Cemil Tumer
The educators have underlined the importance of lecture attendance for decades. Nowadays, students have ample online educational sources, which began a debate on the necessity of in-class lectures. In the present study, we investigated the influence of lecture attendance on the exam success. To this aim, we adopted a novel approach and matched second-year medicine students' answers in three interim exams with the lectures related to those questions. Thereby, we were able to evaluate if attending lectures increases the chance of giving a correct answer to the exam question generated from the attended lecture...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138033/randomized-trial-of-high-and-low-fidelity-simulation-to-teach-intrauterine-contraception-placement
#13
Siripanth Nippita, Miriam J Haviland, Sara F Voit, Judith Perez-Peralta, Michele R Hacker, Maureen E Paul
BACKGROUND: High fidelity simulation creates conditions that resemble real circumstances, and can help teach procedures such as intrauterine contraception placement. Its impact on skill retention has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate novice learners' skills, attitudes, and knowledge on placement of intrauterine contraception when trained using a high-fidelity commercially available simulator compared with a low-fidelity simulator. STUDY DESIGN: We recruited senior nurse practitioner students and interns in obstetrics and gynecology and family medicine inexperienced with intrauterine contraception placement...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137958/knowledge-and-information-sources-on-standard-precautions-and-infection-control-of-health-sciences-students-at-king-saud-bin-abdulaziz-university-for-health-sciences-saudi-arabia-riyadh
#14
Abdullah Khubrani, Meshal Albesher, Abdulah Alkahtani, Faisal Alamri, Majid Alshamrani, Emad Masuadi
BACKGROUND: Only one study has been conducted in Saudi Arabia to assess medical students' knowledge of standard precautions (SPs) and infection control (IC). In this study, we examined knowledge of SPs and IC among clinical students attending the King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we targeted clinical students from the following five colleges: Medicine (fifth and sixth years); Dentistry (second semester of the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth years); Applied Medical Sciences (third and fourth years); Nursing (third and fourth years); and Pharmacy (third, fourth, and fifth years)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137662/peer-assisted-learning-among-sri-lankan-medical-undergraduates-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Nipun Lakshitha de Silva, Balasundaram Parththipan, Chaturaka Rodrigo, Godwin Constantine, Sumadhya Deepika Fernando, Senaka Rajapakse
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to; (a) evaluate the current practices of peer assisted learning among second year and final year medical students of Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka; (b) identify reasons for engaging in peer assisted learning; (c) identify perceived weaknesses in current learning activities; and (d) determine student characteristics associated with engaging in peer assisted learning. RESULTS: This cross sectional study interviewed two hundred and eighty-four eligible students...
November 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136044/-women-and-work-with-a-specific-focus-on-doctors-and-dentists
#16
A van Doorne-Huiskes
The differences between men and women in their participation in the labour force and education are diminishing: in 2015, 71% of all women between the ages of 20 and 65 had a paid job (in comparison with 82% of men) and the Emancipation monitor 2016 reveals that women more often receive higher education than men. In the study of medicine, this expresses itself in the fact that 68% of new students in 2015 were women. As a consequence the number of women doctors is increasing. The numbers for 2013 show that 65% of active dentists are men and 35% women...
November 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131654/association-between-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs-and-sleep-quality-in-a-large-college-student-sample
#17
Yahya A Alamir, Keith J Zullig, Sijin Wen, Hawley Montgomery-Downs, Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Ranjita Misra, Jianjun Zhang
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Poor sleep and nonmedical use (NMU) of prescription drugs (NMUPD) are both common among college students. Since lack of sleep adversely influences academic performance, this study examined the association between NMUPD and subjective sleep quality among college students. PARTICIPANTS: Students who completed the American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment data (Fall 2010, Spring 2011; N = 135,874). METHODS: Associations were examined between NMUPD in four classes over the past 12 months (Antidepressant, Painkillers, Sedatives, and Stimulants), and five aspects of sleep quality (Enough Sleep, Early Awakening, Daytime Sleepiness, Difficulty Falling Asleep, and Problem with Daytime Sleepiness) in the past seven days...
November 13, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131507/the-disruptive-effect-of-lysozyme-on-the-bacterial-cell-wall-explored-by-an-in-silico-structural-outlook
#18
Emiliano D Primo, Lisandro H Otero, Francisco Ruiz, Sebastián Klinke, Walter Giordano
The bacterial cell wall, a structural unit of peptidoglycan polymer comprised of glycan strands consisting of a repeating disaccharide motif [N-acetylglucosamine (NAG) and N-acetylmuramylpentapeptide (NAM pentapeptide)], encases bacteria and provides structural integrity and protection. Lysozymes are enzymes that break down the bacterial cell wall and disrupt the bacterial life cycle by cleaving the linkage between the NAG and NAM carbohydrates. Lab exercises focused on the effects of lysozyme on the bacterial cell wall are frequently incorporated in biochemistry classes designed for undergraduate students in diverse fields as biology, microbiology, chemistry, agronomy, medicine, and veterinary medicine...
November 13, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130834/the-relationship-between-intuitive-action-choices-and-moral-reasoning-on-animal-ethics-issues-in-students-of-veterinary-medicine-and-other-relevant-professions
#19
Joy M Verrinder, Clive J C Phillips
With growing understanding of animals' capabilities, and public and organizational pressures to improve animal welfare, moral action by veterinarians and other relevant professionals to address animal issues is increasingly important. Little is known about how their action choices relate to their moral reasoning on animal ethics issues. A moral judgment measure, the VetDIT, with three animal and three non-animal scenarios, was used to investigate the action choices of 619 students in five animal- and two non-animal-related professional programs in one Australian university, and how these related to their moral reasoning based on Personal Interest (PI), Maintaining Norms (MN), or Universal Principles (UP) schemas...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128651/design-and-rationale-of-the-medical-students-learning-weight-management-counseling-skills-msweight-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Judith K Ockene, Karen M Ashe, Rashelle B Hayes, Linda C Churchill, Sybil L Crawford, Alan C Geller, Denise Jolicoeur, Barbara C Olendzki, Maria Theresa Basco, Jyothi A Pendharkar, Kristi J Ferguson, Thomas P Guck, Katherine L Margo, Catherine A Okuliar, Monica A Shaw, Taraneh Soleymani, Diane D Stadler, Sarita S Warrier, Lori Pbert
Physicians have an important role addressing the obesity epidemic. Lack of adequate teaching to provide weight management counseling (WMC) is cited as a reason for limited treatment. National guidelines have not been translated into an evidence-supported, competency-based curriculum in medical schools. Weight Management Counseling in Medical Schools: A Randomized Controlled Trial (MSWeight) is designed to determine if a multi-modal theoretically-guided WMC educational intervention improves observed counseling skills and secondarily improve perceived skills and self-efficacy among medical students compared to traditional education (TE)...
November 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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