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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331000/evaluation-of-peer-assisted-learning-in-evidence-based-medicine-course-a-pilot-study-at-university-of-glasgow
#1
Syed Hamid Habib, Muhammad Omar Malik, Sadia Fatima, Inayat Shah
BACKGROUND: Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) is a well-established approach in learning and is increasingly being utilized in the medical education system. It is a process where active help of peer group members is taken for learning. This study aimed to look at the impact of peer assisted learning on the students at the end of the session. METHODS: Sixteen Postgraduate students attending Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) course spanning over two semesters (6 months each) were recruited...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328043/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-medical-education-in-georgia-state-of-the-art-and-further-perspectives
#2
I Nadareishvili, K Lunze, G Pkhakadze, N Japiashvili, N Tabagari
Aim - complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is popular in Georgia, but providers' training not well understood or regulated. The aim of this mixed-methods study was to inform the process of implementing quality CAM curricula in Georgia and strategies for the inclusion of effective CAM curricula into medical education in Georgia. We analyzed existing medical curricula. We conducted a contextual analysis based of qualitative data collected from relevant medical education experts, qualified physicians, CAM practitioners and other stakeholders; and administered a quantitative MD students' survey to MD students...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326988/editorial
#3
EDITORIAL
Caroline Ewertsen
Dear Colleagues, It is with pleasure that I hereby introduce the ninth issue of UIO. This issue covers a wide range of interesting topics. Some of the topics are also focus areas for the European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB), namely student education in ultrasound and elastography. Guidelines are available under www.efsumb.org.
September 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324958/enhancing-the-process-of-teaching-and-learning-homecare
#4
Ana Paula Hermann, Maria Ribeiro Lacerda, Jaqueline Dias do Nascimento, Ingrid Meireles Gomes, Débora Cristina Paes Zatoni
OBJECTIVE: to identify possibilities for improvement in the process of teaching and learning homecare in nursing, pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, dentistry and occupational therapy courses. METHOD: qualitative research using the Grounded Theory approach. Sixty-three semi-structured interviews were conducted with students, teachers and graduates of the six mentioned courses at a public university in the south of Brazil. Data analysis was performed through open, axial and selective coding...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319275/undertaking-drug-calculations-for-intravenous-medicines-and-infusions
#5
Jane Brindley
Drug calculations for intravenous (IV) medicines and infusions are more complex than those for oral medicines. This article aims to assist nurses in evaluating and improving their competence in undertaking drug calculations for the IV route. Although nurses enter the professional register with an assessed level of medicines competence, nursing is a dynamic profession and competency can decrease over time, with literature demonstrating that nurses often have suboptimal drug calculation skills. This article enables nursing students to enhance their knowledge and understanding of IV drug calculations, and registered nurses to revisit this essential nursing skill...
January 10, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311534/selection-and-management-of-medical-official-during-the-yuan-dynasty
#6
Dae-Gi Kim
Although the healthcare system of the Yuan Dynasty followed that of the Song Dynasty, there are certain differences between these two dynasties in terms of practices. Including appointing 'Yihus' in 'Zhusehuji' and setting up 'Guanyitijusi' to oversee Yihus, the Yuan Dynasty developed an effective management system for their physicians and, soon after the coronation of Khubilai, built 'Yixue (Medical school)' all over its territories in order to establish an organized and substantial medical training system...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311187/a-shared-aim-for-student-choice-of-family-medicine-an-update-from-adfm-and-family-medicine-for-america-s-health
#7
C Kelly, M A Roett, K McCrory, A Coutinho, N Bhuyan, M Alavi, T Ho, C Stisher, A Bentley, M A Roett, P M Diller, A Davis, M A Roett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311177/medical-students-views-of-medicine-as-a-calling-and-selection-of-a-primary-care-related-residency
#8
Audiey C Kao, Andrew J Jager
With the US health care system facing a primary care physician shortage, we evaluated whether medical students who saw medicine as a calling were more likely to enter a family medicine, internal medicine, or pediatrics residency program. Of the 591 4th-year medical students who responded to a survey item on medicine as a calling, 237 strongly agreed that the "practice of medicine is a calling." Students who strongly agreed that medicine was a calling had higher odds (P=.003) of selecting a primary care-related residency...
January 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304806/enhancing-the-defensibility-of-examiners-marks-in-high-stake-osces
#9
Boaz Shulruf, Arvin Damodaran, Phil Jones, Sean Kennedy, George Mangos, Anthony J O'Sullivan, Joel Rhee, Silas Taylor, Gary Velan, Peter Harris
BACKGROUND: Most assessments in health professions education consist of knowledge-based examinations as well as practical and clinical examinations. Among the most challenging aspects of clinical assessments is decision making related to borderline grades assigned by examiners. Borderline grades are commonly used by examiners when they do not have sufficient information to make clear pass/fail decisions. The interpretation of these borderline grades is rarely discussed in the literature...
January 6, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304795/do-senior-medical-students-meet-recommended-emergency-medicine-curricula-requirements
#10
Sami Shaban, Arif Alper Cevik, Mustafa Emin Canakci, Caglar Kuas, Margret El Zubeir, Fikri Abu-Zidan
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (EDs) offer a variety of learning opportunities for undergraduate medical students. It is however, difficult to evaluate whether they are receiving recommended training during their emergency medicine (EM) clerkship without identifying their clinical activities. We aimed to evaluate the clinical exposure of the final year medical students at our College during their EM clerkship. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected student logbooks...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302928/trends-in-md-phd-graduates-entering-psychiatry-assessing-the-physician-scientist-pipeline
#11
Melissa R Arbuckle, Sean X Luo, Harold Alan Pincus, Joshua A Gordon, Joyce Y Chung, Mark Chavez, Maria A Oquendo
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to identify trends in MD/PhD graduates entering psychiatry, to compare these trends with other specialties, and to review strategies for enhancing the physician-scientist pipeline. METHODS: Data on 226,588 medical students graduating from Liaison Committee on Medical Education accredited programs between 1999 and 2012 (6626 MD/PhDs) were used to evaluate the number, percentage, and proportion of MD/PhDs entering psychiatry in comparison with other specialties (neurology, neurosurgery, internal medicine, family medicine, and radiation oncology)...
January 4, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301521/training-the-next-generation-of-physician-researchers-vanderbilt-medical-scholars-program
#12
Abigail M Brown, Teresa M Chipps, Tebeb Gebretsadik, Lorraine B Ware, Jessica Y Islam, Luke R Finck, Joey Barnett, Tina V Hartert
BACKGROUND: As highlighted in recent reports published by the Physician-Scientist Workforce Working Group at the National Institutes of Health, the percentage of physicians conducting research has declined over the past decade. Various programs have been put in place to support and develop current medical student interest in research to alleviate this shortage, including The Vanderbilt University School of Medicine Medical Scholars Program (MSP). This report outlines the long-term program goals and short-term outcomes on career development of MSP alumni, to shed light on the effectiveness of research training programs during undergraduate medical training to inform similar programs in the United States...
January 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300901/aromatase-inhibitor-use-during-ovarian-stimulation-suppresses-growth-of-uterine-endometrial-cancer-in-xenograft-mouse-model
#13
Tai Kawahara, Naoki Okamoto, Seido Takae, Megumi Kashiwagi, Mariko Nakajima, Atsushi Uekawa, Junya Ito, Naomi Kashiwazaki, Yodo Sugishita, Nao Suzuki
STUDY QUESTION: Could aromatase inhibitors (AI) be used to reduce risks of uterine endometrial cancer growth or recurrence during ovarian stimulation? SUMMARY ANSWER: In a xenograft mouse model of endometrial cancer, concomitant AI administration suppressed the growth of endometrial cancer during ovarian stimulation. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Recurrence and mortality rates of estrogen receptor-positive early breast cancer are reduced by long-term AI administration...
December 28, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300350/exploring-the-knowledge-and-perception-of-generic-medicines-among-final-year-undergraduate-medical-pharmacy-and-nursing-students-in-sierra-leone-a-comparative-cross-sectional-approach
#14
Peter Bai James, Abdulai Jawo Bah, Emmanuel Kamanda Margao, Christian Hanson, John Alimamy Kabba, Shazia Qasim Jamshed
Most low-income nations have national medicine policy that emphasized the use of generic medicines in the public health sector. However, the use of generics is often debatable as there are concerns over its efficacy, quality, and safety compared to their branded counterparts. This study was conducted to compare the knowledge and perception of generic medicines among final year undergraduate medical, pharmacy, and nursing students in Sierra Leone. We conducted a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study among these students at the College of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences University of Sierra Leone...
January 4, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299785/investigation-into-complementary-and-integrative-health-approaches-for-turkish-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancer
#15
Seda Pehlivan, Ali Süner, Yasemin Yıldırım, Çiçek Fadıloğlu
The study was conducted to determine the levels of usage of complementary and integrative health (CIH) approaches and the symptoms experienced by Turkish patients with gastrointestinal cancer. A descriptive study was conducted on 81 patients with gastrointestinal cancer attending the medical oncology department of an oncology hospital. In the data collection stage, the patient description form that prepared by the researchers and the "Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale" were used. Data were evaluated via Chi-square and student t test...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298710/emergency-medicine-for-25%C3%A2-years-in-iceland-history-of-the-specialty-in-a-nutshell
#16
Jón Baldursson, Hjalti Már Björnsson, Ari Palomäki
After the early implementation of Emergency Medicine (EM) 25 years ago, Iceland became the first Nordic country to nationally realize the benefits of this specialty. However, the road has been rocky as in many other countries. The early years of EM in Iceland were characterized by a significant shortage of resources, particularly a lack of medical staff dedicated to EM and properly trained for the services required. The main task for the first couple of decades was to build the infrastructure of an operational emergency department based primarily on the model of EM...
January 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298077/fibromyalgia-with-gabapentin-and-osteopathic-manipulative-medicine-a-pilot-study
#17
Cynthia Marske, Natasha Bernard, Alison Palacios, Cary Wheeler, Ben Preiss, Mackenzie Brown, Saveri Bhattacharya, Gloria Klapstein
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study compares the safety and efficacy of three treatments in reducing pain and improving fibromyalgia symptoms. DESIGN: This study was an 8-week prospective, single center feasibility study. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Forty subjects were recruited from Solano, Sonoma, and Contra Costa counties of California in 2006-2009. Subjects were aged 18-65 and met the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 1990 criteria for fibromyalgia...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294669/college-sexual-assault-and-campus-climate-for-sexual-and-gender-minority-undergraduate-students
#18
Robert W S Coulter, Susan R Rankin
Sexual- and gender-minority (e.g., lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) undergraduate students are at greater risk for sexual assault victimization than their cisgender (i.e., nontransgender) heterosexual peers. However, few studies have examined how social environments affect sexual assault victimization among sexual- and gender-minority undergraduate students. Nevertheless, this research area was identified as a priority by the Institute of Medicine as well as President Barack Obama's White House Task Force to Protect Students From Sexual Assault...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294593/-exploration-and-practice-in-the-construction-of-curriculum-on-epidemiology-in-preventive-medicine
#19
Y M Zhu, Y L Le, Y X Yu, J B Wang, M J Jin, M L Tang, K Chen
Epidemiology is one of main courses for undergraduate students majoring in preventive medicine. There are some limitations in the traditional epidemiology teaching, which is usually characterized in indoctrinated education: "lectured by the teachers and listened by the students." In Zhejiang University, staff of the epidemiology division tried to explore a new teaching mode as 'student-centered, teacher-leading, question-based, and combining with literature discussion and course practice.' After practicing for two years, students were inspired in learning initiatives, with teaching effectiveness obviously improved...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291172/the-american-college-of-academic-international-medicine-2017-consensus-statement-on-international-medical-programs-establishing-a-system-of-objective-valuation-and-quantitative-metrics-to-facilitate-the-recognition-and-incorporation-of-academic-international
#20
Gregory L Peck, Manish Garg, Bonnie Arquilla, Vicente H Gracias, Harry L Anderson Iii, Andrew C Miller, Bhakti Hansoti, Paula Ferrada, Michael S Firstenberg, Sagar C Galwankar, Ramon E Gist, Donald Jeanmonod, Rebecca Jeanmonod, Elizabeth Krebs, Marian P McDonald, Benedict Nwomeh, James P Orlando, Lorenzo Paladino, Thomas J Papadimos, Robert L Ricca, Joseph V Sakran, Richard P Sharpe, Mamta Swaroop, Stanislaw P Stawicki
The growth of academic international medicine (AIM) as a distinct field of expertise resulted in increasing participation by individual and institutional actors from both high-income and low-and-middle-income countries. This trend resulted in the gradual evolution of international medical programs (IMPs). With the growing number of students, residents, and educators who gravitate toward nontraditional forms of academic contribution, the need arose for a system of formalized metrics and quantitative assessment of AIM- and IMP-related efforts...
October 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
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