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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526512/privacy-trainee-rights-and-accountability-in-radiology-education
#1
REVIEW
Cory M Pfeifer
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Academic radiologists commonly hold multiple simultaneous roles within the landscape of physician training. This paper analyzes theoretical scenarios describing relationships between medical students, residents, and physician educators in radiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The scenarios presented involve medical student supervision, radiology resident recruitment, and resident termination with respect to relevant ethical, regulatory, and legal considerations...
March 28, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526022/a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study-of-medical-student-preferences-for-vodcast-design-format-and-pedagogical-approach
#2
Robin K Pettit, Marjorie Kinney, Lise McCoy
BACKGROUND: Vodcasts (video podcasts) are becoming increasingly popular in medical education. At A.T. Still University School of Osteopathic Medicine in Arizona (ATSU SOMA), vodcasts are an essential component of our blended learning environment, where year 2-4 students train in a contextual setting at community health centers across the U.S. Vodcasts are used far less frequently in our year 1 residential learning environment at the main campus in Arizona, but we are considering moving to significantly more interactive educational experiences with on-demand videos followed by in-class activities...
May 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525254/-satirical-revues-produced-by-the-students-in-medicine-of-the-universit%C3%A3-libre-de-bruxelles-from-1944-to-2014
#3
J L Vanherweghem, P Jossart
The paper deals with the content of the 10 satirical revues organized by the students in medicine of the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB) from 1944 to 2014. That analysis allows identifying the events as well the figures which have left their mark in the Faculty of medicine of ULB during this period, at least according to the view of the students.
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525252/-medical-supply-planning-dynamic-registry-of-physicians-sixth-reform-of-the-state-and-numerus-clausus
#4
N Benahmed, A De Wever, M Pirson
INTRODUCTION: The last few years have seen major changes in the Belgian medical planning. The paper aims to describe them and to assess how they will affect the medical demography. METHOD: Grey literature review and federal and federated entities legislation summary. RESULTS: A new dynamic register allows a better knowledge of medical workforce in all sectors of labour market. Recent legislation evolutions induce fragmentation of competences related to human resource for health planning : federal authorities are responsive for the fixation of number of GP and specialists and community authorities for registration of health professionals and fixation of sub-quotas in different branches of specialised medicine...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524747/health-care-students-at-an-argentinean-school-of-medicine-are-they-well-prepared-to-provide-quality-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#5
Belén Provenzano-Castro, Silvia Oizerovich, Babill Stray-Pedersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to assess what students of the University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine learn about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights, focusing particularly on their knowledge of accessibility to contraception and abortion legislation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, self-administered, anonymous questionnaires were administered to 760 first year students and to 695 final year students from different fields of study (medicine, midwifery, nursing, radiology, nutrition, speech therapy and physiotherapy) between 2011 and 2013...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523335/do-medical-students-really-understand-plagiarism-case-study
#6
Oana Badea
In the last decade, more and more medicine students are involved in research, either in the form of a research project within specialized courses or as a scientific article to be presented at student international conferences or published in prestigious medical journals. The present study included 250 2nd year medical students, currently studying within the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania. There were collected 239 responses, with a response rate of 95.6%. In our study, the results showed that foreign students within the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova did have some issues understanding plagiarism with fewer foreign students (34%) than Romanian students (66%) recognizing that simply changing words does not avoid plagiarism...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521065/eelab-an-innovative-educational-resource-in-occupational-medicine
#7
A Y Zhou, J Dodman, L Hussey, D Sen, C Rayner, N Zarin, R Agius
Background: Postgraduate education, training and clinical governance in occupational medicine (OM) require easily accessible yet rigorous, research and evidence-based tools based on actual clinical practice. Aims: To develop and evaluate an online resource helping physicians develop their OM skills using their own cases of work-related ill-health (WRIH). Methods: WRIH data reported by general practitioners (GPs) to The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network were used to identify common OM clinical problems, their reported causes and management...
May 17, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516731/alopecia-areata-hyperactivity-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-is-a-myth
#8
Beata Bergler-Czop, Bartosz Miziołek, Ligia Brzezińska-Wcisło
INTRODUCTION: Psychological stress is known to cause exacerbation of different skin pathologies including alopecia areata (AA). A hyperactivity of the HPA axis in patients affected by AA (AA-patients) was proposed to be a neuroendocrine response to stress. Still little is known about MSH and cortisol production in AA settings. AIM: The aim of the study was to compare trends in a production of melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) and cortisol in patients with AA-patients and healthy controls...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513983/book-review-the-foundations-of-immunology-and-their-pertinence-to-medicine
#9
REVIEW
A Corthay
We are in the era cursed with overspecialization. Charles Darwin's foundational Origin of Species, published in 1859 was accessible to the broadly educated individual. Starting with this statement, Peter Bretscher in his new book aims at explaining foundational concepts of immunology to a broad public. His standpoint is that foundational ideas usually can be simply expressed. This book describes first how foundational concepts of immunology have evolved over the last two and a half centuries. The importance of self-nonself discrimination by the immune system is acknowledged and models for immunological tolerance are compared...
May 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511205/-stability-and-change-of-medical-specialty-of-residents-over-four-years-of-postgraduate-training-in-germany
#10
Hendrik van den Bussche, Stine Ziegler, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer
Aim We analyzed medical residents' preferences in Germany with regard to the specialization fields after 4 years of postgraduate training and compared them to their preferences in the years before, e. g. at the end of undergraduate education in a gender comparative perspective, including the influence of parenthood. Methods The study is based on annual postal surveys of students of 7 medical faculties in Germany from their last year of medical school ("Practical Year") until after 4 years of postgraduate training...
May 16, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509753/physician-assisted-suicide-and-euthanasia-is-incompatible-with-medicine-a-response-from-medical-students
#11
John Y Rhee, Katharine A Callaghan, Amanda Stahl, Martin T Brown, Philip Allen, Grace McInerney, Ana-Maria G Dumitru
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508103/to-be-or-not-to-be-rheumatologist-survey-among-belgian-medical-students-and-internal-medicine-trainees-what-do-certified-rheumatologists-think-about-the-current-rheumatology-training-program
#12
Ruth Wittoek, Herman Mielants
In several countries, there have been increasing concerns over the years that fewer medical students or trainees choose rheumatology as a specialty. The aim of this three-step survey is to study the motivational factors for students and trainees in internal medicine to choose for rheumatology as a future career option and the idea among experienced rheumatologists about the needs for changes in the training program. An online survey was distributed among students in medical training (in the final 3 years) and trainees in internal medicine from the Ghent University and University Hospital...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506972/career-and-research-outcomes-of-the-physician-scientist-training-program-at-the-university-of-calgary-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Jason T Bau, Alexandra D Frolkis, Nabeela Nathoo, Bryan G Yipp, Morley D Hollenberg, Paul L Beck
BACKGROUND: Physician-scientists are integral to medical research, with medical programs throughout Canada invested in training hybrid physician-scientists. Few data exist as to whether these programs are generating the diversity, gender equity and numbers of trainees essential for the future of medical research and teaching. We aimed to identify factors that contribute to research productivity, diversity and retention of individuals as physician-scientists. METHODS: We completed a retrospective cohort study, for the period 1973 to 2015, of the University of Calgary Leaders in Medicine Program in Calgary, Alberta...
May 15, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506105/evaluating-the-types-of-pharmacy-student-interventions-made-during-an-interprofessional-6-week-adult-internal-medicine-rotation
#14
Celeste M Vinluan, Melanie M Jabalie, Jacquelyn P Navarrete, Margie E Padilla
INTRODUCTION: The new standards for pharmacy education require that pharmacy students are involved in direct and interprofessional team-based care in multiple practice settings, which include "real-time" interactions with physician prescribers and medical students. METHODS: From April 2014 to December 2015, fourth-year Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) students at University Medical Center of El Paso, Texas were assigned to an interprofessional team that was comprised of physician prescribers, medical students, and a pharmacist faculty...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501757/subjective-social-status-and-premedical-students-attitudes-towards-medical-school
#15
Matthew K Grace
Although students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds are more likely to depart from the medical education pipeline, little is known about how premedical students' social origins influence the adversities they face, the resources they possess, or the internal struggles they confront in deciding whether or not to pursue a career in medicine. Using original data collected from premedical students at a flagship state university in the Midwest (N = 364), this study explores how subjective social status shapes students' reservations about medical school attendance and their perceptions of external pressure to pursue a career in medicine...
May 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501034/differences-in-the-students-perceptions-on-the-teaching-of-neuroanatomy-in-a-medical-curriculum-organized-by-disciplines-and-an-integrated-medical-curriculum
#16
Mavilde Arantes, Joselina Barbosa, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: On the subject of curriculum reform, most European medical schools are moving away from an educational approach consisting of discipline-based courses to an integrated curriculum. The aim of this study was to compare, in the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto, Portugal, the teaching of neuroanatomy in a medical curriculum organized by disciplines and in an integrated medical curriculum. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred sixty one students who completed the Curricular Unit with a discipline-based approach (Neuroanatomy) and 202 students who completed it with an integrated approach (Morphophysiology of the Nervous System) were asked to complete a questionnaire on their perceptions about the Curricular Unit...
January 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500408/scheduling-internal-medicine-resident-rotations-to-ensure-fairness-and-facilitate-continuity-of-care
#17
Ruben A Proano, Akshit Agarwal
Completing a residency program is a requirement for medical students before they can practice medicine independently. Residency programs in internal medicine must undergo a series of supervised rotations in elective, inpatient, and ambulatory units. Typically, a team of chief residents is charged to develop a yearly rotational schedule. This process is complex, as it needs to consider academic, managerial, regulatory, and legal restrictions while also facilitating the provision of patient care, ensuring a diverse educational experience, balancing the workload, and improving resident satisfaction...
May 12, 2017: Health Care Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498779/evaluation-of-the-education-clinical-telemedicine-e-health-in-the-curriculum-of-medical-students-at-the-university-of-zurich
#18
Christiane Brockes, Thomas Grischott, Magdalena Dutkiewicz, Sabine Schmidt-Weitmann
BACKGROUND: Digitalization and patient empowerment result in new requirements and challenges. In response, the module "Clinical Telemedicine/e-Health" was implemented by the Faculty of Medicine of Zurich in 2008. The module was systematically evaluated to determine if the students would benefit from this course. In 2011, 2015, and 2016 further evaluations were performed. METHOD: In 2008 and 2009, students evaluated 16 statements. We calculated the combined mean value and medians for both evaluations...
May 12, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497991/medical-students-professional-development-as-educators-revealed-through-reflections-on-their-teaching-following-a-students-as-teachers-course
#19
Michelle H Yoon, Benjamin C Blatt, Larrie W Greenberg
Phenomenon: Teaching is an important part of the tri-partite mission of every medical center. Although teaching often is given lower priority and recognition as opposed to patient care and/or research, this activity for many physicians in academic medicine ranks second to their patient care responsibilities. Medical teacher training has traditionally been aimed at faculty and residents through faculty development initiatives, continuing education for physicians at professional conferences, formalized degree or certificate programs in education, and residents as teachers programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497511/effects-of-medical-trainees-weight-loss-history-on-perceptions-of-patients-with-obesity
#20
Rebecca L Pearl, Dallas Argueso, Thomas A Wadden
CONTEXT: Medical professionals often express weight-biased attitudes. Prior research suggests that people who overcome a challenge are critical of individuals who struggle to overcome the same challenge. Thus, medical trainees who have successfully achieved and maintained weight loss may express greater weight bias and more critical attitudes toward patients with obesity who fail to overcome these challenges. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the effects of medical trainees' weight-loss history on weight-biased attitudes and responses to patients with varying weight-loss outcomes...
May 11, 2017: Medical Education
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