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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087958/the-teaching-of-trauma-management-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#1
S K Lum, T Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: The teaching of trauma in medical schools faces many educational and logistic challenges. Issues on what to teach, how to teach, when to teach, who will teach and whether medical students with insufficient exposure to clinical medicine can benefit from a trauma course are unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A well-designed one day intensive trauma course concentrating on the primary survey was taught to semester seven and semester eight students by a multi-disciplinary team comprising of surgeons, anaesthetists, emergency physicians and trained medical officers...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087244/practice-makes-perfect-correlations-between-prior-experience-in-high-level-athletics-and-robotic-surgical-performance-do-not-persist-after-task-repetition
#2
Kevin Shee, Fady M Ghali, Elias S Hyams
OBJECTIVE: Robotic surgical skill development is central to training in urology as well as in other surgical disciplines. Here, we describe a pilot study assessing the relationships between robotic surgery simulator performance and 3 categories of activities, namely, videogames, musical instruments, and athletics. DESIGN: A questionnaire was administered to preclinical medical students for general demographic information and prior experiences in surgery, videogames, musical instruments, and athletics...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086953/student-and-faculty-perceptions-on-the-rapid-scale-up-of-medical-students-in-ethiopia
#3
Brittney S Mengistu, Holly Vins, Caitrin M Kelly, Daphne R McGee, Jennifer O Spicer, Miliard Derbew, Abebe Bekele, Damen Haile Mariam, Carlos Del Rio, Henry M Blumberg, Dawn L Comeau
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is a country of over 94 million people that has a severe physician shortage with approximately only 2.5 physicians per 100,000 persons. Recently, the Ethiopian government implemented a "flood and retain" initiative to rapidly increase the quantity of physicians in Ethiopia. Consequently, medical student enrollment at Addis Ababa University (AAU) School of Medicine increased from 100 to approximately 300-400 students per class. This study evaluated the impact of the rapid scale-up in the number of medical students on the quality of medical education at AAU and the impact of the U...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078659/summer-research-training-provides-effective-tools-for-underrepresented-minorities-to-obtain-doctoral-level-degrees
#4
Oluwatoyin A Asojo, Ashish Damania, Teri L Turner, Gayle Slaughter, Kendal D Hirschi
The ethnic, racial, and cultural diversity of the USA is not reflected in its healthcare and biomedical workforce. Undergraduate research programs are used to encourage underrepresented minorities to pursue training for biomedical careers, but there is limited published data on doctoral degree completion rates by participants in these programs. This study evaluates the attainment of doctoral degrees by a NIH-funded cohort of undergraduates from the 1998-2002 Baylor College of Medicine's Summer Medical Research Training (SMART) program...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075699/outcome-and-impact-evaluation-of-a-transgender-health-course-for-health-profession-students
#5
Hannan M Braun, Ilana R Garcia-Grossman, Andrea Quiñones-Rivera, Madeline B Deutsch
PURPOSE: Being transgender is associated with numerous health disparities, and transgender individuals face mistreatment and discrimination in healthcare settings. At the same time, healthcare professionals report inadequate preparation to care for transgender people, and patients often have to teach their own medical providers about transgender care. Our study aimed to evaluate the impact of an elective course for health profession students in transgender health that was implemented to address these gaps in provider knowledge...
January 11, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074991/-factors-affecting-the-educational-environment-in-undergraduate-medical-schools
#6
Guisela Olave P, Cristhian Pérez V, Eduardo Fasce H, Liliana Ortiz M, Nancy Bastías V, Carolina Márquez U, Paula Parra P, Pilar Ibáñez G
BACKGROUND: Educational environment has an important effect on the quality of learning and student satisfaction in medicine. Most of previous studies have been conducted using questionnaires that assess the phenomenon considering overall dimensions, without paying attention to the specific manifestations of this topic, especially those aspects that are related to the protagonists of the learning process: teachers and students. AIM: To describe factors that affect the educational environment in the preclinical Medical formation, according to Medical teachers in Concepción, Chile...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071936/concussion-baseline-testing-preexisting-factors-symptoms-and-neurocognitive-performance
#7
Eric Hall, Jordan Cottle, Caroline Ketcham, Kirtida Patel, Kenneth P Barnes
CONTEXT:  Neurocognitive test scores are often considered an important aspect of concussion management. To best use these data, clinicians must understand potential factors that may influence baseline performance on these tests. OBJECTIVE:  To determine preexisting factors that may influence performance on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT). DESIGN:  Cross-sectional study. SETTING:  Research laboratory...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068362/conflict-of-interest-policies-at-french-medical-schools-starting-from-the-bottom
#8
Paul Scheffer, Christian Guy-Coichard, David Outh-Gauer, Zoéline Calet-Froissart, Mathilde Boursier, Barbara Mintzes, Jean-Sébastien Borde
BACKGROUND: Medical faculties have a role in ensuring that their students are protected from undue commercial influence during their training, and are educated about professional-industry interactions. In North America, many medical faculties have introduced more stringent conflict of interest (COI) policies during the last decade. We asked whether similar steps had been taken in France. We hypothesized that such policies may have been introduced following a 2009-2010 drug safety scandal (benfluorex, Mediator) in which COIs in medicine received prominent press attention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067744/resident-education-in-female-pelvic-medicine-and-reconstructive-surgery
#9
Katie Propst, Adam C Steinberg, David M O'Sullivan, Megan O Schimpf, Christine LaSala
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether obstetrics and gynecology trainees feel satisfied with the female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) education received in residency. METHODS: This is a survey study of obstetrics and gynecology residents in the United States and Puerto Rico during the 2015-2016 academic year. The anonymous 29-question survey was approved by the Hartford HealthCare institutional review board. Responses were included only if the trainee had ever rotated on the FPMRS service...
January 6, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065519/enhancing-pediatric-trainees-and-students-knowledge-in-providing-care-to-transgender-youth
#10
Stanley R Vance, Madeline B Deutsch, Stephen M Rosenthal, Sara M Buckelew
PURPOSE: To enhance pediatric trainees' and students' knowledge of the psychosocial and medical issues facing transgender youth through a comprehensive curriculum. METHODS: During the 2015-2016 academic year, we administered a transgender youth curriculum to fourth-year medical students, pediatric interns, psychiatry interns, and nurse practitioner students on their 1-month adolescent and young adult medicine rotation. The curriculum included six interactive, online modules and an observational experience in a multidisciplinary pediatric gender clinic...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062824/increasing-family-medicine-faculty-diversity-still-lags-population-trends
#11
Imam M Xierali, Marc A Nivet, Anne H Gaglioti, Winston R Liaw, Andrew W Bazemore
BACKGROUND: Faculty diversity has important implications for medical student diversity. The purpose of this analysis is to describe trends in racial, ethnic, and gender diversity in family medicine (FM) departments and compare these trends to the diversity of matriculating medical students, the diversity of all medical school faculty, and the population in general. METHODS: We used the Association of American Medical Colleges Faculty Roster to describe trends in proportions of female and minorities under-represented in medicine (URM) in FM department full-time faculty in U...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061918/clinical-experience-and-learning-style-of-flight-nurse-and-aeromedical-evacuation-technician-students
#12
Marla J De Jong, Susan F Dukes, Karey M Dufour, Darcy L Mortimer
BACKGROUND: The clinical experience and preferred learning style of U.S. Air Force flight nurses and aeromedical evacuation technicians are unknown. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional survey design, we gathered data regarding the clinical experience, level of comfort providing clinical care, and preferred learning style of 77 active duty (AD), Air Force Reserve (AFR), and Air National Guard (ANG) nurses enrolled in the U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Flight Nurse course, and 121 AD, AFR, and ANG medical technicians enrolled in the Aeromedical Evacuation Technician course...
January 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061790/closing-the-gender-leadership-gap-a-multi-centre-cross-country-comparison-of-women-in-management-and-leadership-in-academic-health-centres-in-the-european-union
#13
Ellen Kuhlmann, Pavel V Ovseiko, Christine Kurmeyer, Karin Gutiérrez-Lobos, Sandra Steinböck, Mia von Knorring, Alastair M Buchan, Mats Brommels
BACKGROUND: Women's participation in medicine and the need for gender equality in healthcare are increasingly recognised, yet little attention is paid to leadership and management positions in large publicly funded academic health centres. This study illustrates such a need, taking the case of four large European centres: Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Germany), Karolinska Institutet (Sweden), Medizinische Universität Wien (Austria), and Oxford Academic Health Science Centre (United Kingdom)...
January 6, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056962/an-investigation-of-professionalism-reflected-by-student-comments-on-formative-virtual-patient-encounters
#14
Ting Dong, William Kelly, Meredith Hays, Norman B Berman, Steven J Durning
BACKGROUND: This study explored the use of virtual patient generated data by investigating the association between students' unprofessional patient summary statements, which they entered during an on-line virtual patient case, and detection of their future unprofessional behavior. METHOD: At the USUHS, students complete a number of virtual patient encounters, including a patient summary, to meet the clerkship requirements of Internal Medicine, Family Medicine, and Pediatrics...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055087/osteopathic-philosophy-and-manipulation-enhancement-program-influence-on-osteopathic-medical-students-interest-in-osteopathic-manipulative-medicine
#15
Mikhail Volokitin, Pavan V Ganapathiraju
CONTEXT: Interest in osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) among first- and second-year osteopathic medical students typically declines toward the end of the second year of medical school. An osteopathic philosophy and manipulation enhancement (OPME) program was implemented for osteopathic medical students to gain additional exposure to OMM at the Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine in New York, New York. OBJECTIVE: To assess how additional exposure to OMM through the OPME program influenced first- and second-year students' interest in using OMM...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053558/high-fidelity-medical-simulation-training-improves-medical-students-knowledge-and-confidence-levels-in-septic-shock-resuscitation
#16
Veerapong Vattanavanit, Jarernporn Kawla-Ied, Rungsun Bhurayanontachai
BACKGROUND: Septic shock resuscitation bundles have poor compliance worldwide partly due to a lack of knowledge and clinical skills. High-fidelity simulation-based training is a new teaching technology in our faculty which may improve the performance of medical students in the resuscitation process. However, since the efficacy of this training method in our institute is limited, we organized an extra class for this evaluation. PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the effect on medical students' knowledge and confidence levels after the high-fidelity medical simulation training in septic shock management...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050394/a-pilot-study-on-the-effect-of-angiotensin-receptor-blockers-on-platelet-aggregation-in-hypertensive-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Arun Suresh, Narendranath Sanji, Pallavi Mahadeva Kamath, Srinivas Lokikere Devendrappa, Shashikala Gowdara Hanumanthareddy, Imran Maniyar, Suresh Surappla Rudrappa
INTRODUCTION: Thrombosis is an invariable component contributing to cardiovascular events in patients with hypertension. One of the risk factors of cardiovascular disease is increased platelet activity. One among the widely used antihypertensive agents are Angiotensin II type 1 Receptor Blockers (ARBs). Even though there are many studies involving antihypertensive agents, their antithrombotic properties remain elusive and not fully characterized. AIM: To evaluate the anti-aggregatory effect of ARBs on platelets in-vivo...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049684/the-benefit-of-a-switch-answer-changing-on-multiple-choice-exams-by-first-year-dental-students
#18
Sarah E Pagni, Anna G Bak, Steven E Eisen, Jennipher L Murphy, Matthew D Finkelman, Gerard Kugel
The aim of this study was to determine if dental students would benefit from changing their initial responses to what they have deemed to be more suitable answers during high-stakes multiple-choice examinations. Students are often advised to stay with their first answers despite evidence from other fields suggesting this is not the best course for obtaining optimal final exam scores. Data were collected for 160 first-year DMD students in fall 2013 for three operative dentistry and four biochemistry exams at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049682/effect-of-a-pilot-preclinical-incentive-program-on-dental-students-performance-on-a-clinical-competency-exam
#19
Gregory M Schuster, Ronald J Hunt, Harold J Haering
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a pilot preclinical incentive program on dental students' performance on a clinical competency (mock board) exam at Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona. To assess the effect of preclinical grade incentives in a program called SUCCEED, scores from a clinical competency exam administered during the fall quarter of the fourth year were compared between the graduating classes of 2014 and 2015 (pre-SUCCEED curriculum) and the graduating class of 2016 (post-SUCCEED curriculum)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049676/power-of-peers-students-perceptions-of-pairing-in-clinical-dental-education
#20
Denise A Mills, Christine L Hammer, Aseel Murad
Prior studies have identified many benefits of peer mentoring in higher education, but the subject has not been widely examined in dental clinical education. Students at Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona are paired with a partner for the duration of the clinical phase of education. The initial vision behind pairing was to train students in a realistic four-handed, efficient general practice model. The aim of this study was to assess the students' perceptions of the peer mentoring component of pairing third- and fourth-year dental students in the clinical phase of their education...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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