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(hair follicle) AND (wound healing)

Hengguang Zhao, Sandra Rieger, Koichiro Abe, Martin Hewison, Thomas S Lisse
Mice and human patients with impaired vitamin D receptor (VDR) signaling have normal developmental hair growth but display aberrant post-morphogenic hair cycle progression associated with alopecia. In addition, VDR(-/-) mice exhibit impaired cutaneous wound healing. We undertook experiments to determine whether the stress-inducible regulator of energy homeostasis, DNA damage-inducible transcript 4 (Ddit4), is involved in these processes. By analyzing hair cycle activation in vivo, we show that VDR(-/-) mice at day 14 exhibit increased Ddit4 expression within follicular stress compartments...
November 26, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
María-Luisa Martínez, Eduardo Escario, Enrique Poblet, David Sánchez, Fernando-Francisco Buchón, Ander Izeta, Francisco Jimenez
BACKGROUND: A prominent role of hair follicle-derived cells in epidermal wound closure is now well established but clinical translation of basic research findings is scarce. Although skin punch grafts have been used as a therapeutic intervention to improve healing of chronic leg ulcers, they are normally harvested from nonhairy areas, thus not taking advantage of the reported role of the hair follicle as a wound-healing promoter. OBJECTIVE: We sought to substantiate the role of hair follicles in venous leg ulcer healing by transplanting hair follicle-containing versus nonhairy punch grafts...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
C A Higgins, M Roger, R Hill, A S Ali-Khan, J Garlick, A M Christiano, C A B Jahoda
BACKGROUND: The method to generate bioengineered skin constructs was pioneered several decades ago, and nowadays these constructs are used regularly for the treatment of severe burns and non-healing wounds. Commonly, these constructs are comprised of skin fibroblasts within a collagen scaffold, forming the skin dermis, and stratified keratinocytes overlying this, forming the skin epidermis. In the past decade there has been a surge of interest in bioengineered skins, with researchers searching for alternative cell sources, or scaffolds, from which constructs can be established, and for more biomimetic equivalents with skin appendages...
September 28, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Sixia Huang, Panteleimon Rompolas
The adult skin is a typical example of a highly regenerative tissue. Terminally differentiated keratinocytes are shed from the external layers of the epidermis or extruded from the skin as part of the growing hair shaft on a daily basis. These are effectively replenished through the activity of skin-resident stem cells. Precise regulation of stem cell activity is critical for normal skin homeostasis or wound healing and irregular stem cell proliferation or differentiation can lead to skin disease. The scarcity and dynamic nature of stem cells presents a major challenge for elucidating their mechanism of action...
September 27, 2016: Experimental Dermatology
Marziyeh Ranjbar-Mohammadi, Shahram Rabbani, S Hajir Bahrami, M T Joghataei, F Moayer
In this study we describe the potential of electrospun curcumin-loaded poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)/gum tragacanth (GT) (PCL/GT/Cur) nanofibers for wound healing in diabetic rats. These scaffolds with antibacterial property against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus as gram positive bacteria and extended spectrum β lactamase as gram negative bacteria were applied in two forms of acellular and cell-seeded for assessing their capability in healing full thickness wound on the dorsum of rats. After 15days, pathological study showed that the application of GT/PCL/Cur nanofibers caused markedly fast wound closure with well-formed granulation tissue dominated by fibroblast proliferation, collagen deposition, complete early regenerated epithelial layer and formation of sweat glands and hair follicles...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Wu Minjuan, Xiong Jun, Shao Shiyun, Xu Sha, Ni Haitao, Wang Yue, Ji Kaihong
Early repair of skin injury and maximal restoration of the function and appearance have become important targets of clinical treatment. In the present study, we observed the healing process of skin defects in nude mice and structural characteristics of the new skin after transplantation of isolated and cultured adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) onto the human acellular amniotic membrane (AAM). The result showed that ADMSCs were closely attached to the surface of AAM and grew well 24 h after seeding...
2016: Stem Cells International
Xanthe L Strudwick, James M Waters, Allison J Cowin
The mammalian digit tip is capable of both reparative and regenerative wound healing dependent upon the level of amputation injury. Removal of the distal third of the terminal phalange results in successful regeneration, whilst a more severe, proximal, amputation heals by tissue repair. Flightless I (Flii) is involved in both tissue repair and regeneration. It negatively regulates wound repair but elicits a positive effect in hair follicle regeneration, with Flii overexpression resulting in significantly longer hair fibers...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Dino Matias Santos, Ana Martins Rita, Ignasi Casanellas, Adélia Brito Ova, Inês Maria Araújo, Deborah Power, Gustavo Tiscornia
While regeneration occurs in a number of taxonomic groups across the Metazoa, there are very few reports of regeneration in mammals, which generally respond to wounding with fibrotic scarring rather than regeneration. A recent report described skin shedding, skin regeneration and extensive ear punch closure in two rodent species, Acomys kempi and Acomys percivali. We examined these striking results by testing the capacity for regeneration of a third species, Acomys cahirinus, and found a remarkable capacity to repair full thickness circular punches in the ear pinna...
February 2016: Regeneration
Momcilo Stosić, Igor Stojanović
INTRODUCTION: Hidradenitis suppurativa is a persistent, inflammatory and recurrent disease of the hair follicles which, in time, results in ugly scars. Inflammation and obstruction of channel of sweat glands used to be thought to be the basis of this disease. CASE REPORTS: This paper presents the cases of 8 patients operated on in the past 3 years. A possibility of an oversight in making the diagnosis, as well as an underestimation in the treatment should be taken into consideration...
January 2016: Medicinski Pregled
Sheng-Yang Xie, Li-Hua Peng, Ying-Hui Shan, Jie Niu, Jie Xiong, Jian-Qing Gao
Development of novel strategy stimulating the healing with skin appendages regeneration is the critical goal for wound therapy. In this study, influence of the transplantation of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and epidermal stem cells (ESCs) with the nanofiberous scaffold prepared from silk fibroin protein in wound re-epithelization, collagen synthesis, as well as the skin appendages regeneration were investigated. It was shown that both the transplantation of MSCs and ESCs could significantly accelerate the skin re-epithelization, stimulate the collagen synthesis...
June 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
N Torkamani, N W Rufaut, L Jones, R Sinclair
Inconsistent with the view that epidermal stem cells reside randomly spread along the basal layer of the epidermal rete ridges, we found that epidermal cells expressing stem cell markers in nonglabrous skin exist in direct connection with the distal end of the arrector pili muscle. The epidermal cells that express stem cell markers consist of a subpopulation of basal keratinocytes located in a niche at the lowermost portion of the rete ridges at the distal arrector pili muscle attachment site. Keratinocytes in the epidermal stem cell niche express K15, MCSP, and α6 integrin...
2016: Stem Cells International
Laurie B Joseph, Gabriella M Composto, Diane E Heck
In mouse skin, sulfur mustard (SM) is a potent vesicant, damaging both the epidermis and the dermis. The extent of wounding is dependent on the dose of SM and the duration of exposure. Initial responses include erythema, pruritus, edema, and xerosis; this is followed by an accumulation of inflammatory leukocytes in the tissue, activation of mast cells, and the release of mediators, including proinflammatory cytokines and bioactive lipids. These proinflammatory mediators contribute to damaging the epidermis, hair follicles, and sebaceous glands and to disruption of the epidermal basement membrane...
July 2, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Isadore Budnick, Emily Hamburg-Shields, Demeng Chen, Eduardo Torre, Andrew Jarrell, Batool Akhtar-Zaidi, Olivia Cordovan, Rob C Spitale, Peter Scacheri, Radhika P Atit
Embryonic dermal fibroblasts in the skin have the exceptional ability to initiate hair follicle morphogenesis and contribute to scarless wound healing. Activation of the Wnt signaling pathway is critical for dermal fibroblast fate selection and hair follicle induction. In humans, mutations in Wnt pathway components and target genes lead to congenital focal dermal hypoplasias with diminished hair. The gene expression signature of embryonic dermal fibroblasts during differentiation and its dependence on Wnt signaling is unknown...
August 2016: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
Laure Rittié, Elyssa A Farr, Jeffrey S Orringer, John J Voorhees, Gary J Fisher
Human skin heals more slowly in aged vs. young adults, but the mechanism for this delay is unclear. In humans, eccrine sweat glands (ESGs) and hair follicles underlying wounds generate cohesive keratinocyte outgrowths that expand to form the new epidermis. Here, we compared the re-epithelialization of partial-thickness wounds created on the forearm of healthy young (< 40 yo) and aged (> 70 yo) adults. Our results confirm that the outgrowth of cells from ESGs is a major feature of repair in young skin...
October 2016: Aging Cell
Steven A Castleberry, Alexander Golberg, Malak Abu Sharkh, Saiqa Khan, Benjamin D Almquist, William G Austen, Martin L Yarmush, Paula T Hammond
Wound healing is an incredibly complex biological process that often results in thickened collagen-enriched healed tissue called scar. Cutaneous scars lack many functional structures of the skin such as hair follicles, sweat glands, and papillae. The absence of these structures contributes to a number of the long-term morbidities of wound healing, including loss of function for tissues, increased risk of re-injury, and aesthetic complications. Scar formation is a pervasive factor in our daily lives; however, in the case of serious traumatic injury, scars can create long-lasting complications due to contraction and poor tissue remodeling...
July 2016: Biomaterials
Rixing Zhou, Yeyang Li, Gang Li, Weihua Lin, Jing' en Sun, Wangbiao Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of integrin-linked kinase (ILK) signaling pathway in the skin lesions and wound healing in diabetic rats. METHODS: Thirty-six SD rats were divided into diabetic wound group (D) and non-diabetic wound group (N) according to the random number table, with 18 rats in each group. 10 g/L streptozocin (60 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally injected in rats in group D, while the rats in group N were given same quantity of sodium citrate buffer...
April 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Fatemeh Heidari, Abazar Yari, Homa Rasoolijazi, Mansoureh Soleimani, Ahmadreza Dehpoor, Nayereh Sajedi, Sanaz Joulai Veijouye, Maliheh Nobakht
OBJECTIVE: Skin wound healing is a serious clinical problem especially after surgery and severe injury of the skin. Cell therapy is an innovative technique that can be applied to wound healing. One appropriate source of stem cells for therapeutic use is stem cells from the adult bulge of hair follicles. This study examined the effects of adult bulge hair follicle stem cells (HFSC) in wound healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hair follicle stem cells were obtained from rat vibrissa and labeled with DiI (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA), then special markers were detected using flow cytometry...
April 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Joshua D Fox, Katherine L Baquerizo-Nole, Freya Van Driessche, Elizabeth Yim, Bernard Nusbaum, Francisco Jimenez, Robert S Kirsner
BACKGROUND: A man in his 60s with recurrent venous leg ulcers (VLUs) presented with an 18-month history of a VLU on his medial left leg measuring 59.3 cm(2). He had been treated with multi- component compression bandages without significant decrease in ulcer size. Given the ulcer's size, refractory nature, and history of recurrence, the authors sought to optimize the patient's healing. METHODS: Approximately 23% of the total wound was treated using punch grafts (PGs) harvested from different locations on the body based on hair density using the "stick and place" method...
April 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Mohammad Afshar, Reza Ghaderi, Mahmoud Zardast, Parvin Delshad
The goal of this study was to determine the effect of topical Emu oil on the healing of burn wounds and hair follicle restoration in superficial II-degree burns in the skin of Balb/c mice. Thirty-two male Balb/c mice with burns on the back of the neck were divided into two groups: The Emu oil group received topical Emu oil twice daily, whereas the control was left untreated. Skin biopsies were obtained on days 4, 7, 10, and 14 of the experiment. Then the specimens were viewed with Olympus SZX research microscope...
2016: Dermatology Research and Practice
Azar Z Asgari, Nicholas W Rufaut, Wayne A Morrison, Rodney J Dilley, Russle Knudsen, Leslie N Jones, Rodney D Sinclair
Hair follicle cells contribute to wound healing, skin circulation, and skin diseases including skin cancer, and hair transplantation is a useful technique to study the participation of hair follicle cells in skin homeostasis and wound healing. Although hair follicle transplantation is a well-established human hair-restoration procedure, follicular transplantation techniques in animals have a number of shortcomings and have not been well described or optimized. To facilitate the study of follicular stem and progenitor cells and their interaction with surrounding skin, we have established a new murine transplantation model, similar to follicular unit transplantation in humans...
July 2016: Wound Repair and Regeneration
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