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Cd200R

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339155/truncated-cd200-stimulates-tumor-immunity-leading-to-fewer-lung-metastases-in-a-novel-wistar-rat-metastasis-model
#1
Jun Kuwabara, Akihiro Umakoshi, Naoki Abe, Yutaro Sumida, Shota Ohsumi, Eika Usa, Kana Taguchi, Mohammed E Choudhury, Hajime Yano, Shirabe Matsumoto, Takeharu Kunieda, Hisaaki Takahashi, Toshihiro Yorozuya, Yuji Watanabe, Junya Tanaka
CD200 mediates immunosuppression in immune cells that express its receptor, CD200R. There are two CD200 variants; truncated CD200 that lacks the N-terminal sequence necessary for CD200R binding (CD200S) and full-length CD200 (CD200L). We established a novel lung metastasis model by subcutaneously transplanting C6 glioma cells into the backs of neonatal Wistar rats. All transplanted rats developed large back tumors, nearly 90% of which bore lung metastases. To compare the effects of CD200S and CD200L on tumor immunity, CD200L (C6-L)- or CD200S (C6-S)-expressing C6 cells were similarly transplanted...
January 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321062/notch-signaling-triggered-via-the-ligand-dll4-impedes-m2-macrophage-differentiation-and-promotes-their-apoptosis
#2
Sylvain Pagie, Nathalie Gérard, Béatrice Charreau
BACKGROUND: Notch signaling controls many cellular processes, including cell fate determination, cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. In mammals, four Notch receptors (Notch 1-4) can interact with five distinct ligands [Jagged1, Jagged2, Delta-like 1 (DLL1), DLL3, and DLL4]. We previously reported that Notch activation is modulated in endothelial cells and monocytes during inflammation and showed that inflammation upregulates DLL4 on endothelial cells. DLL4 promotes differentiation of blood monocytes into proinflammatory M1 macrophages...
January 10, 2018: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298707/shuang-huang-lian-prevents-basophilic-granulocyte-activation-to-suppress-th2-immunity
#3
Qiaoling Fei, Yixin Han, Ruijuan Qi, Yuan Gao, Lei Fang, Rui Hou, Runlan Cai, Yun Qi
BACKGROUND: Basophilic granulocytes (BGs) not only initiate the induction of Th2 cell differentiation, but also amplify the ongoing Th2 response. Shuang-Huang-Lian (SHL) is clinically used for relieving type I hypersensitivity by continuous treatment for several weeks. METHODS: ELISA, flow cytometry, magnetic activated cell sorting, isoelectric precipitation, hybridoma technique, transfection and luciferase reporter assay were used in this study. The statistical analysis was performed using a one-way ANOVA...
January 3, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247713/role-of-microglia-neuron-interactions-in-diabetic-encephalopathy
#4
REVIEW
Yuan Liu, Mingchao Li, Zuo Zhang, Yun Ye, Jiyin Zhou
In the central nervous system, the primary immune cells, the microglia, prevent pathogenic invasion as the first line of defense. Microglial energy consumption is dependent on their degree of activity. Microglia express transporters for the three primary energy substrates (glucose, fatty acids, glutamine) and regulate diabetic encephalopathy via microglia-neuron interactions. Microglia may play a sentry role for rapid protection or even ablation of impaired neurons. Neurons exhibit hyperactivity in response to hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and neurotoxic factors and release potential microglial activators...
December 13, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245066/immuno-biological-comparison-of-hepatic-stellate-cells-in-a-reverted-and-activated-state
#5
Mehdi Najar, Hussein Fayyad-Kazan, Wissam H Faour, Adil El Taghdouini, Gordana Raicevic, Leo A van Grunsven, Mustapha Najimi, Etienne Sokal, Laurence Lagneaux
Human hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) demonstrated great immunological plasticity with important consequences for liver cell therapy. Activated HSCs (aHSCs) are in vitro reverted (rHSCs) to a quiescent-like phenotype with potential benefit to reduce liver fibrosis. The goal of this study is to establish and compare the immunological profile of activated and in vitro reverted HSCs and to investigate the impact of inflammatory priming on the immunobiology of both HSCs populations. The distribution of inflammatory primed activated and reverted HSCs across the different phases of the cell cycle is assessed by flow cytometry...
December 12, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194444/behavioral-stress-alters-corticolimbic-microglia-in-a-sex-and-brain-region-specific-manner
#6
Justin L Bollinger, Kaitlyn E Collins, Rushi Patel, Cara L Wellman
Women are more susceptible to numerous stress-linked psychological disorders (e.g., depression) characterized by dysfunction of corticolimbic brain regions critical for emotion regulation and cognitive function. Although sparsely investigated, a number of studies indicate sex differences in stress effects on neuronal structure, function, and behaviors associated with these regions. We recently demonstrated a basal sex difference in- and differential effects of stress on- microglial activation in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180896/checkpoint-blockade-in-solid-tumors-and-b-cell-malignancies-with-special-consideration-of-the-role-of-cd200
#7
REVIEW
Reginald M Gorczynski, Fang Zhu
In the ontogeny of a normal immune response, a series of checkpoints must be overcome to ensure that unwanted and/or harmful self-directed activation responses are avoided. Many of the molecules now known to be active in this overseeing of the evolving immune activation cascade, contributing inhibitory signals to dampen an overexuberant response, belong to the immunoglobulin supergene family. These include members of the CD28/CTLA-4:B7.1/B7.2 receptor/ligand family, PD-1 and PDL-1, CD200 and CD200R, and the more recently described V-domain immunoglobulin suppressor of T-cell activation and its ligand (VSIG-3/IGSF11)...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104062/stress-disinhibits-microglia-via-down-regulation-of-cd200r-a-mechanism-of-neuroinflammatory-priming
#8
Matthew G Frank, Laura K Fonken, Jessica L Annis, Linda R Watkins, Steven F Maier
Exposure to stressors primes the neuroinflammatory and microglial proinflammatory response to subsequent immune challenges, suggesting that stress might attenuate immunoregulatory mechanisms in the CNS microenvironment. CD200:CD200R is a key immunoregulatory signaling dyad that constrains microglial activation, and disruption of CD200:CD200R signaling primes microglia to subsequent immune challenges. Therefore, the present study examined the mediating role of CD200:CD200R signaling in stress-induced microglial priming...
November 2, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101312/gingival-tissue-inflammation-promotes-increased-matrix-metalloproteinase-12-production-by-cd200r-low-monocyte-derived-cells-in-periodontitis
#9
Sofia Björnfot Holmström, Reuben Clark, Stephanie Zwicker, Daniela Bureik, Egle Kvedaraite, Eric Bernasconi, Anh Thu Nguyen Hoang, Gunnar Johannsen, Benjamin J Marsland, Elisabeth A Boström, Mattias Svensson
Irreversible tissue recession in chronic inflammatory diseases is associated with dysregulated immune activation and production of tissue degradative enzymes. In this study, we identified elevated levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-12 in gingival tissue of patients with the chronic inflammatory disease periodontitis (PD). The source of MMP12 was cells of monocyte origin as determined by the expression of CD14, CD68, and CD64. These MMP12-producing cells showed reduced surface levels of the coinhibitory molecule CD200R...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070649/complex-immune-evasion-strategies-in-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma
#10
Frederik Wein, Marc A Weniger, Benedikt Höing, Judith C Arnolds, Andreas Hüttmann, Martin-Leo Hansmann, Sylvia Hartmann, Ralf Küppers
The cellular microenvironment in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) is dominated by a mixed infiltrate of inflammatory cells with typically only about 1% Hodgkin and Reed/Sternberg (HRS) tumor cells. T cells are usually the largest population of cells in the cHL microenvironment, encompassing T helper (Th) cells, regulatory T (Treg) cells and cytotoxic T cells. Th and Treg cells presumably provide essential survival signals for HRS cells. Treg cells are also involved in rescuing HRS cells from anti-tumor immune responses...
October 25, 2017: Cancer Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042364/a-cd200r-cd28-fusion-protein-appropriates-an-inhibitory-signal-to-enhance-t-cell-function-and-therapy-of-murine-leukemia
#11
Shannon K Oda, Andrew W Daman, Nicolas M Garcia, Felecia Wagener, Thomas M Schmitt, Xiaoxia Tan, Aude G Chapuis, Philip D Greenberg
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the most common adult acute leukemia in the U.S., has the poorest survival rate, with 26% of patients surviving 5 years. Adoptive immunotherapy with T cells genetically modified to recognize tumors is a promising and evolving treatment option. However, antitumor activity, particularly in the context of progressive leukemia, can be dampened both by limited costimulation and triggering of immunoregulatory checkpoints that attenuate T cell responses. Expression of CD200 (OX2), a negative regulator of T cell function that binds CD200R, is commonly increased in leukemia and other malignancies, and is associated with poor prognosis in leukemia patients...
October 17, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940677/reduced-cd200-expression-is-associated-with-altered-th1-th2-cytokine-production-in-placental-trophoblasts-from-preeclampsia
#12
Jie Xu, Yang Gu, Jingxia Sun, Hui Zhu, David F Lewis, Yuping Wang
PROBLEM: To determine if altered trophoblast CD200 and CD200R expressions promote inflammatory cytokine production in preeclamptic placentas. METHODS OF STUDY: Placental tissue CD200 and CD200R expressions were determined by immunostaining. Tissue sections from first-, second-, and third-trimester, normal term, and preeclamptic placentas were used. CD200 and CD200R expressions and cytokine production of TNFα, sTNFR1, INFγ, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 were determined in trophoblasts from normal and preeclamptic placentas and in normal trophoblasts transfected with CD200 siRNA...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664397/peripheral-blood-monocyte-tolerance-alleviates-intraperitoneal-lipopolysaccharides-induced-neuroinflammation-in-rats-via-upregulating-the-cd200r-expression
#13
Liping Xia, Xin Xie, Yang Liu, Xiaoguang Luo
Neuroinflammation is an important pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). The peripheral immune system could produce profound effects on central immunities. The peripheral blood monocyte (PBM) immune tolerance is the refractoriness of immune system to avoid overactive peripheral inflammation. The PBM are also actively involved in central immune activities. There is evidence implying the probable failure of immune tolerance and impairment of CD200/CD200R signaling in PD patients. Here we aimed to explore the effects of PBM tolerance in peripheral LPS-induced neuroinflammation as well as the specific roles of CD200/CD200R pathway in PBM tolerance...
November 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583890/cd200-selectively-upregulates-prostaglandin-e2-and-d2-synthesis-in-lps-treated-bone-marrow-derived-macrophages
#14
Katharina Kern, Sandra Pierre, Yannick Schreiber, Carlo Angioni, Dominique Thomas, Nerea Ferreirós, Gerd Geisslinger, Klaus Scholich
The CD200/CD200R signalling pathway downregulates the synthesis of proinflammatory mediators and induces the synthesis of antiinflammatory mediators in macrophages and microglia. However, very little is known about the effect of this immunosuppressive pathway on the synthesis of lipid mediators. Therefore, we determined the synthesis of 35 lipids spanning 5 different lipid families in bone marrow-derived macrophages, which were treated with interleukin (IL) 4, IL10, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), or interferon γ (IFNγ) in absence and presence of CD200...
June 2, 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573328/human-cd200-suppresses-macrophage-mediated-xenogeneic-cytotoxicity-and-phagocytosis
#15
Rieko Sakai, Akira Maeda, Thuy-Vy Choi, Pei-Chi Lo, Patmika Jiaravuthisan, Afifah Mod Shabri, Han-Tang Wang, Rei Matsuura, Tasuku Kodama, Hiroshi Eguchi, Hiroomi Okuyama, Shuji Miyagawa
PURPOSE: Various strategies, such as the generation of alpha-1,3-galactosyltransferase knocked-out pigs and CD55 transgenic pigs, have been investigated to inhibit pig to human xenogeneic rejection. Our aim is to develop strategies to overcome the hurdle of not only hyper acute rejection, but also that of cellular xenogeneic rejection (CXR). Although macrophages have been well known to play a critical role in CXR, monocyte/macrophage-mediated xenogeneic rejection has not been well studied...
June 1, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363871/impact-of-antibody-subclass-and-disulfide-isoform-differences-on-the-biological-activity-of-cd200r-and-%C3%AE-klotho-agonist-antibodies
#16
Ognjen Grujic, Jennitte Stevens, Robert Y-T Chou, Jennifer V Weiszmann, Laura Sekirov, Christy Thomson, Anita Badh, Stephanie Grauer, Brian Chan, Kevin Graham, Kathy Manchulenko, Thomas M Dillon, Yang Li, Ian N Foltz
Agonism of cell surface receptors by monoclonal antibodies is dependent not only on its ability to bind the target, but also to deliver a biological signal through receptors to the cell. Immunoglobulin G2 antibodies (IgG2s) are made up of a mixture of distinct isoforms (IgG2-A, -B and A/B), which differ by the disulfide connectivity at the hinge region. When evaluating panels of agonistic antibodies against CD200 receptor (CD200R) or βklotho receptor (βklotho), we noticed striking activity differences of IgG1 or IgG2 antibodies with the same variable domains...
May 13, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326648/changes-in-expression-of-the-cd200-tolerance-signaling-molecule-and-its-receptor-cd200r-by-villus-trophoblasts-during-first-trimester-missed-abortion-and-in-chronic-histiocytic-intervillositis
#17
David A Clark, Jennifer M Dmetrichuk, Elizabeth McCready, Sukhbinder Dhesy-Thind, Jorge L Arredondo
PROBLEM: Expression of CD200 at the feto-maternal interface is associated with successful murine and human pregnancy. CD200 binding to CD200 receptors on lymphomyeloid cells suppresses inflammation and induces Tregs. CD200 receptors are also expressed on mouse and human placental trophoblast cells. What is the expression of CD200 and CD200R in human missed abortions which have preserved Treg levels and in chronic histiocytic intervillositis (CHI) where maternal inflammatory cells cause IUGR? METHODS: Immunohistiochemistry for CD200, CD200R, and Ki67 using human placental sections from missed abortions, term placenta, and CHI...
July 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280765/data-on-ho-1-and-cd200-protein-secretion-during-t-cells-and-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-co-cultures
#18
Mohammad Fayyad-Kazan, Hussein Fayyad-Kazan, Makram Merimi, Nathalie Meuleman, Dominique Bron, Laurence Lagneaux, Mehdi Najar
In this Data in Brief, we have provided data describing the secretion profile of two main immunoregulatory proteins, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and CD200, from bone marrow (BM), Wharton׳s Jelly (WJ) or adipose tissue (AT) mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) being cultivated either in the absence or presence of activated T-cells. Whilst HO-1 is a stress-responsive enzyme displaying diverse cytoprotective effects, CD200 is a membrane glycoprotein delivering immunoregulatory signals following interaction with its receptor (CD200R)...
April 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164626/expression-of-cd200r1-and-its-ligand-cd200-on-t-helper-lymphocytes-of-pediatric-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis-and-crohn-s-disease
#19
Mohamed F Elshal, Alia M Aldahlawi, Omar I Saadah, J Philip Mccoy
BACKGROUND: CD200 and its receptor CD200R are both type I membrane glycoproteins that modulate the activity of myeloid and lymphoid cells, and their interaction is functionally important in the suppression of effector T-cell responses by regulatory T-cells. We aimed to investigate the extent of expression of CD200 and CD200R1 on CD4+ T-cells in blood of children with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) and to explore their correlations with effector T cell subsets, regulatory T cells (Treg), and routine clinical and serological markers...
August 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123029/newly-formed-endothelial-cells-regulate-myeloid-cell-activity-following-spinal-cord-injury-via-expression-of-cd200-ligand
#20
Merav Cohen, Hila Ben-Yehuda, Ziv Porat, Catarina Raposo, Siamon Gordon, Michal Schwartz
The central nervous system (CNS) is endowed with several immune-related mechanisms that contribute to its protection and maintenance in homeostasis and under pathology. Here, we discovered an additional mechanism that controls inflammatory responses within the CNS milieu under injurious conditions, involving CD200 ligand (CD200L) expressed by newly formed endothelial cells. We observed that CD200L is constitutively expressed in the mouse healthy CNS by endothelial cells of the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier and of the spinal cord meninges, but not by the endothelium of the blood-spinal cord barrier...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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