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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240656/hospital-acquired-pressure-injury-risk-adjusted-comparisons-in-an-integrated-healthcare-delivery-system
#1
June Rondinelli, Stephen Zuniga, Patricia Kipnis, Lina Najib Kawar, Vincent Liu, Gabriel J Escobar
BACKGROUND: Although healthcare organizations have decreased hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI) rates, HAPIs are not eliminated, driving further examination in both nursing and health services research. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to describe HAPI incidence, risk factors, and risk-adjusted hospital variation within a California integrated healthcare system. METHODS: Inpatient episodes were included in this retrospective cohort if patients were hospitalized between January 1, 2013, and June 30, 2015...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240341/finland-establishing-the-internet-of-genomics-and-health-data
#2
Aarno Palotie, Samuli Ripatti
Genomic data, i.e. measurement of variation in the complete genome has revolutionized genetic research and changed our understanding of the pathogenetic mechanisms of diseases. Genomic data in combination with Finnish special strengths - population history, the nation's comprehensive health records and a strong research tradition in genetic epidemiology - has made Finland a testing laboratory for diseases of public health importance. At the same time, genomic research has changed into statistical evaluation of large masses of data - big data...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240041/reduction-of-excavation-face-collapse-risk-in-tunnelling
#3
Filippo Ariani, Alberto Baldasseroni, Alessandro Muller, Marco Biffino, Alessandro Matteucci
Two large road tunnels, recently developed near Florence, showed instabilities of the excavation face which subsequently caused sixteen collapses. Due to the risk for workers' safety, the public authority for occupational health and safety (ASL) has monitored the failure rate and other background variables in order to assess the possible correlations between risk reductions, its own actions, and those of the various safety actors involved. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if the interventions carried out by the design team were able to reduce the risks of collapse and which of the ASL actions and/or which other factors were more effective in changing the attitudes of the parties involved, leading to a more expensive but safer project variant...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238940/seasonality-in-pediatric-cancer
#4
Rubayed Nurullah, Stefan Kuhle, Bryan Maguire, Ketan Kulkarni
Although seasonal trends in incidence and diagnosis of pediatric cancers have been widely investigated, the results have been inconclusive. A consistent seasonal trend may possibly provide etiological insights into pediatric cancers. This study aims to determine if there is a seasonal variation in cancer diagnoses in the pediatric population at the IWK Health Centre, a tertiary care center serving three Canadian provinces: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. All pediatric cancer patients aged 0-20 y diagnosed from 1995 to 2015 at the center were included in this study...
December 14, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238536/body-macronutrient-composition-is-predicted-by-lipid-and-not-protein-content-of-the-diet
#5
Joshua P Moatt, Catherine Hambly, Elizabeth Heap, Anna Kramer, Fiona Moon, John R Speakman, Craig A Walling
Diet is an important determinant of fitness-related traits including growth, reproduction, and survival. Recent work has suggested that variation in protein:lipid ratio and particularly the amount of protein in the diet is a key nutritional parameter. However, the traits that mediate the link between dietary macronutrient ratio and fitness-related traits are less well understood. An obvious candidate is body composition, given its well-known link to health. Here, we investigate the relationship between dietary and body macronutrient composition using a first-generation laboratory population of a freshwater fish, the three-spine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus)...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238484/pattern-and-factors-associated-with-cardiovascular-diseases-among-patients-attending-the-cardiac-center-in-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia
#6
Fatimah Fahad Altaleb, Othman Mashfi Alshammari, Hala Mohammed Alanazi, Dina Anwar Aljaber, Arwa Bader Alanazi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Nesreen Ali Mohammed, Hadil Anwar Aljaber
Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are among the main causes of premature death and hospital admission worldwide, constituting a great economic burden on health care systems. Additionally, thyroid diseases may exert a deleterious effect on the outcomes of CVD patients. Aim: This study was conducted to identify the pattern and factors associated with CVD distribution and the relation with thyroid dysfunction in the study population. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 181 participants in the cardiac center in Arar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), from September 2016 to March 2017...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238454/phenotypic-and-genotypic-features-of-first-biofilm-forming-nasopharyngeal-colonized-streptococcus-pneumoniae-isolates
#7
Seyed Fazlollah Mousavi, Bahman Mirzaei, Bahareh Shaghaghi, Pantea Jalali, Tahereh Setayesh, Seyed Hamid Moosavi
Background and Objectives: Designing control and therapeutic policies for antibiotic resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae, which is an important causative agent of several invasive and noninvasive infectious diseases and its carriage rates, has been described as the main target in World Health Organization (WHO). The present study was conducted to determine antibiotic resistance pattern, evaluate biofilm forming ability in S. pneumoniae isolates, and find the genetic relationship between cultured strains...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238427/hiv-associated-nephropathy-in-africa-pathology-clinical-presentation-and-strategy-for-prevention
#8
REVIEW
Nazik Elmalaika Husain, Mohamed H Ahmed, Ahmed O Almobarak, Sufian K Noor, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Heitham Awadalla, Clare L Woodward, Dushyant Mital
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection can lead to progressive decline in renal function known as HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN). Importantly, individuals of African ancestry are more at risk of developing HIVAN than their European descent counterparts. An in-depth search on Google Scholar, Medline and PubMed was conducted using the terms "HIVAN" and "pathology and clinical presentation", in addition to "prevalence and risk factors for HIVAN", with special emphasis on African countries for any articles published between 1990 and 2017...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238227/validation-of-asthma-recording-in-electronic-health-records-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Francis Nissen, Jennifer K Quint, Samantha Wilkinson, Hana Mullerova, Liam Smeeth, Ian J Douglas
Objective: To describe the methods used to validate asthma diagnoses in electronic health records and summarize the results of the validation studies. Background: Electronic health records are increasingly being used for research on asthma to inform health services and health policy. Validation of the recording of asthma diagnoses in electronic health records is essential to use these databases for credible epidemiological asthma research. Methods: We searched EMBASE and MEDLINE databases for studies that validated asthma diagnoses detected in electronic health records up to October 2016...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237616/individual-differences-in-normal-body-temperature-longitudinal-big-data-analysis-of-patient-records
#10
Ziad Obermeyer, Jasmeet K Samra, Sendhil Mullainathan
OBJECTIVE: To estimate individual level body temperature and to correlate it with other measures of physiology and health. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Outpatient clinics of a large academic hospital, 2009-14. PARTICIPANTS: 35 488 patients who neither received a diagnosis for infections nor were prescribed antibiotics, in whom temperature was expected to be within normal limits. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Baseline temperatures at individual level, estimated using random effects regression and controlling for ambient conditions at the time of measurement, body site, and time factors...
December 13, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237590/nativity-status-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-among-hispanic-adults
#11
Fatima Rodriguez, Katherine G Hastings, Jiaqi Hu, Lenny Lopez, Mark Cullen, Robert A Harrington, Latha P Palaniappan
BACKGROUND: Hispanic persons represent a heterogeneous and growing population of any race with origins in Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, South America, or other Spanish-speaking countries. Previous studies have documented variation in cardiovascular risk and outcomes among Hispanic subgroups. Few studies have investigated whether these patterns vary by nativity status among Hispanic subgroups. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the National Center for Health Statistics mortality file to compare deaths of Hispanic (n=1 258 229) and non-Hispanic white (n=18 149 774) adults (aged ≥25 years) from 2003 to 2012...
December 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237582/the-seasonal-periodicity-of-healthy-contemplations-about-exercise-and-weight-loss-ecological-correlational-study
#12
Kenneth Michael Madden
BACKGROUND: Lack of physical activity and weight gain are two of the biggest drivers of health care costs in the United States. Healthy contemplations are required before any changes in behavior, and a recent study has shown that they have underlying periodicities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine seasonal variations in state-by-state interest in both weight loss and increasing physical activity, and how these variations were associated with geographic latitude using Google Trends search data for the United States...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237504/a-multivariate-analysis-of-calenviroscreen-comparing-environmental-and-socioeconomic-stressors-versus-chronic-disease
#13
Ben K Greenfield, Jayant Rajan, Thomas E McKone
BACKGROUND: The health-risk assessment paradigm is shifting from single stressor evaluation towards cumulative assessments of multiple stressors. Recent efforts to develop broad-scale public health hazard datasets provide an opportunity to develop and evaluate multiple exposure hazards in combination. METHODS: We performed a multivariate study of the spatial relationship between 12 indicators of environmental hazard, 5 indicators of socioeconomic hardship, and 3 health outcomes...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237442/factors-impacting-the-illness-trajectory-of-post-infectious-fatigue-syndrome-a-qualitative-study-of-adults-experiences
#14
Eva Stormorken, Leonard A Jason, Marit Kirkevold
BACKGROUND: Post-infectious fatigue syndrome (PIFS), also known as post-viral fatigue syndrome, is a complex condition resulting in physical, cognitive, emotional, neurological, vocational and/or role performance disabilities in varying degrees that changes over time. The needs for health care resources are high, and costly, as is the economic burden on the affected individuals. Many factors may impact the trajectory, and frequently PIFS develops into a chronic condition. Health professionals lack understanding and knowledge, which results in delayed diagnosis, lack of recognition, appropriate treatment, support and practical help...
December 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237423/deciphering-the-genetic-regulation-of-peripheral-blood-transcriptome-in-pigs-through-expression-genome-wide-association-study-and-allele-specific-expression-analysis
#15
T Maroilley, G Lemonnier, J Lecardonnel, D Esquerré, Y Ramayo-Caldas, M J Mercat, C Rogel-Gaillard, J Estellé
BACKGROUND: Efforts to improve sustainability in livestock production systems have focused on two objectives: investigating the genetic control of immune function as it pertains to robustness and disease resistance, and finding predictive markers for use in breeding programs. In this context, the peripheral blood transcriptome represents an important source of biological information about an individual's health and immunological status, and has been proposed for use as an intermediate phenotype to measure immune capacity...
December 13, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237322/global-variation-in-diurnal-cortisol-rhythms-evidence-from-garisakangforager-horticulturalists-of-lowland-papua-new-guinea
#16
Samuel S Urlacher, Melissa A Liebert, Martina Konečná
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis represents an important and evolutionarily ancient biological pathway linking physical and psychological stressors with human health. Despite considerable research exploring the physiological stress response among developed populations, few studies have examined HPA activity in non-industrialized contexts, restricting understanding of variation in human stress reactivity across global socio-ecological diversity. The present study addresses this shortcoming by investigating diurnal cortisol rhythms among Garisakang forager-horticulturalists of remote, lowland Papua New Guinea...
December 13, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236752/the-combined-fatigue-effects-of-sequential-exposure-to-seated-whole-body-vibration-and-physical-mental-or-concurrent-work-demands
#17
Marcus Yung, Angelica E Lang, Jamie Stobart, Aaron M Kociolek, Stephan Milosavljevic, Catherine Trask
Many occupations in agriculture, construction, transportation, and forestry are non-routine, involving non-cyclical tasks, both discretionary and non-discretionary work breaks, and a mix of work activities. Workers in these industries are exposed to seated whole body vibration (WBV) and tasks consisting of physical, mental, or a combination of demands. Risk assessment tools for non-routinized jobs have emerged but there remains a need to understand the combined effects of different work demands to improve risk assessment methods and ultimately inform ergonomists and workers on optimum work arrangement and scheduling strategies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236708/genome-wide-association-meta-analysis-of-fish-and-epa-dha-consumption-in-17-us-and-european-cohorts
#18
Dariush Mozaffarian, Hassan S Dashti, Mary K Wojczynski, Audrey Y Chu, Jennifer A Nettleton, Satu Männistö, Kati Kristiansson, Mägi Reedik, Jari Lahti, Denise K Houston, Marilyn C Cornelis, Frank J A van Rooij, Maria Dimitriou, Stavroula Kanoni, Vera Mikkilä, Lyn M Steffen, Marcia C de Oliveira Otto, Lu Qi, Bruce Psaty, Luc Djousse, Jerome I Rotter, Kennet Harald, Markus Perola, Harri Rissanen, Antti Jula, Fischer Krista, Evelin Mihailov, Mary F Feitosa, Julius S Ngwa, Luting Xue, Paul F Jacques, Mia-Maria Perälä, Aarno Palotie, Yongmei Liu, Nike A Nalls, Luigi Ferrucci, Dena Hernandez, Ani Manichaikul, Michael Y Tsai, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, Loukianos Rallidis, Paul M Ridker, Lynda M Rose, Julie E Buring, Terho Lehtimäki, Mika Kähönen, Jorma Viikari, Rozenn Lemaitre, Veikko Salomaa, Paul Knekt, Andres Metspalu, Ingrid B Borecki, L Adrienne Cupples, Johan G Eriksson, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Stefania Bandinelli, David Siscovick, Oscar H Franco, Panos Deloukas, George Dedoussis, Daniel I Chasman, Olli Raitakari, Toshiko Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Regular fish and omega-3 consumption may have several health benefits and are recommended by major dietary guidelines. Yet, their intakes remain remarkably variable both within and across populations, which could partly owe to genetic influences. OBJECTIVE: To identify common genetic variants that influence fish and dietary eicosapentaenoic acid plus docosahexaenoic acid (EPA+DHA) consumption. DESIGN: We conducted genome-wide association (GWA) meta-analysis of fish (n = 86,467) and EPA+DHA (n = 62,265) consumption in 17 cohorts of European descent from the CHARGE (Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology) Consortium Nutrition Working Group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235984/deaths-leading-causes-for-2015
#19
Melonie Heron
Objectives-This report presents final 2015 data on the 10 leading causes of death in the United States by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. Leading causes of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal death are also presented. This report supplements "Deaths: Final Data for 2015," the National Center for Health Statistics' annual report of final mortality statistics. Methods-Data in this report are based on information from all death certificates filed in the 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2015. Causes of death classified by the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) are ranked according to the number of deaths assigned to rankable causes...
November 2017: National Vital Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235703/characteristics-of-healthy-weight-advertisements-in-three-countries
#20
Simone Pettigrew, Zenobia Talati, Isla Henriques, Belinda Morley, Kylie Ball
OBJECTIVE: High rates of population obesity have resulted in the dissemination of mass media campaigns that focus on achieving and maintaining a healthy weight. The aim of the present study was to analyse advertising techniques used in such campaigns to identify common and differential approaches in three countries with similar cultures and rates of obesity (Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States). METHODS: An Internet search was conducted to identify healthy weight television advertisements aired in the three countries...
December 13, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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