keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health variation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108592/social-class-variation-the-effect-of-the-economic-recession-and-childhood-obesity-at-3-years-of-age-in-ireland
#1
Samira Barbara Jabakhanji, Milena Pavlova, Wim Groot, Fiona Boland, Regien Biesma
BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported a social class gradient within overweight prevalence (1-4). Additionally, cross-country comparisons report high overweight trends and a change in food consumption patterns in countries affected by an economic crisis (5-11). The aim of this study was to assess the association between social class and recession on obesity levels in 3-year-old Irish children. METHODS: The population-based infant cohort of the national Growing Up in Ireland (GUI) study was used...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108200/vitamin-d-status-among-the-juvenile-population-a-retrospective-study
#2
REVIEW
Afrozul Haq, Jitka Svobodová, Nighat Y Sofi, Andrea Jindrová, Bohumil Kába, Jaishen Rajah, Fatme Al Anouti, Laila Abdel-Wareth, Sunil J Wimalawansa, Mohammed S Razzaque
Vitamin D deficiency is a clinical problem and recently we have shown that 82.5% of our entire study cohort had inadequate serum 25(OH)D levels. In this study, we analysed serum 25(OH)D levels of juvenile patients admitted to the Burjeel Hospital of VPS Health care in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE) from October 2012 to September 2014. Out of a total of 7883 juvenile patients considered in this study, almost 58.1% of females and 43.3% of males in the age group of 1-18 years were found to have low serum 25(OH)D levels (<50nmol/L)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107528/nasopharyngeal-microbiome-diversity-changes-over-time-in-children-with-asthma
#3
Marcos Pérez-Losada, Lamia Alamri, Keith A Crandall, Robert J Freishtat
BACKGROUND: The nasopharynx is a reservoir for pathogens associated with respiratory illnesses such as asthma. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has been used to characterize the nasopharyngeal microbiome of infants and adults during health and disease; less is known, however, about the composition and temporal dynamics (i.e., longitudinal variation) of microbiotas from children and adolescents. Here we use NGS technology to characterize the nasopharyngeal microbiomes of asthmatic children and adolescents (6 to 18 years) and determine their stability over time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107287/case-volume-and-revisits-in-children-undergoing-gastrostomy-tube-placement
#4
Marjorie J Arca, Shawn J Rangel, Matt Hall, David H Rothstein, Martin L Blakely, Peter C Minneci, Samir S Shah, Kurt F Heiss, Charles L Snyder, Loren Berman, Marybeth Browne, Charles D Vinocur, Mehul V Raval, Adam B Goldin
OBJECTIVE: Emergency department (ED) visits and hospital readmissions are common following gastrostomy tube (GT) placement in children. We sought to characterize inter-hospital variation in revisit rates and explore the association between this outcome and hospital-specific GT case volume. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study from 38 hospitals using the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) database. Patients <18 years who had a GT placed in 2010-2012 were assessed for a GT-related (mechanical or infectious) ED visit or inpatient readmission at 30 and 90 days following discharge from GT placement...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107227/structural-level-differences-in-the-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-rate-in-south-africa-a-multilevel-assessment-of-individual-health-facility-and-provincial-level-predictors-of-infant-hiv-transmission
#5
S Woldesenbet, D J Jackson, C J Lombard, T H Dinh, V Ramokolo, T Doherty, G G Sherman, Y Pillay, A E Goga
OBJECTIVES: In 2010, South Africa reported an early mother to child transmission (MTCT) rate of 3.5% at 4-8 weeks postpartum. Provincial early MTCT rates ranged from 1.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.1-3.4%) to 5.9% (95% CI: 3.8-8.0%). We sought to determine reasons for these geographic differences in MTCT rates. METHODS: This study employed multilevel modelling using 2010 South African PMTCT evaluation (SAPMTCTE) data from 530 facilities. Interview data and infant blood samples were collected from 3085 mother-infant pairs at 4-8 weeks postpartum...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105719/allostatic-load-and-biological-anthropology
#6
Ashley N Edes, Douglas E Crews
Multiple stressors affect developing and adult organisms, thereby partly structuring their phenotypes. Determining how stressors influence health, well-being, and longevity in human and nonhuman primate populations are major foci within biological anthropology. Although much effort has been devoted to examining responses to multiple environmental and sociocultural stressors, no holistic metric to measure stress-related physiological dysfunction has been widely applied within biological anthropology. Researchers from disciplines outside anthropology are using allostatic load indices (ALIs) to estimate such dysregulation and examine life-long outcomes of stressor exposures, including morbidity and mortality...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105639/persistent-variation-in-medicare-payment-authorization-for-home-hemodialysis-treatments
#7
Adam S Wilk, Richard A Hirth, Wei Zhang, John R C Wheeler, Marc N Turenne, Tammie A Nahra, Kathryn K Sleeman, Joseph M Messana
OBJECTIVE: To analyze variation in medical care use attributable to Medicare's decentralized claims adjudication process as exemplified in home hemodialysis (HHD) therapy. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Secondary data analysis using 2009-2012 paid Medicare claims for HHD and in-center hemodialysis (IHD). STUDY DESIGN: We compared variation across Medicare administrative contractors (MACs) in predicted paid treatments per standardized patient-month for HHD and IHD patients...
January 19, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105299/geographic-variation-in-selected-hospital-procedures-and-services-in-the-israeli-health-care-system
#8
Joseph Mendlovic, Ethel-Sherry Gordon, Ziona Haklai, Jill Meron, Arnon Afek
BACKGROUND: Medical practice variation refers to differences in health service utilization among regions in the same country. It is used as a tool for studying health inequities. In 2011, the OECD launched a Medical Practice Variation Project which examines regional differences within countries and explores the sources of the inter-regional differences. The aim of this study is to examine the patterns and trends in geographic variation for selected health services in Israel. METHODS: The analysis is based on data from the National Hospital Discharges Database (NHDD) of the Israeli Ministry of Health...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104924/the-adaptive-nature-of-culture-a-cross-cultural-analysis-of-the-returns-of-local-environmental-knowledge-in-three-indigenous-societies
#9
Victoria Reyes-García, Maximilien Guèze, Isabel Díaz-Reviriego, Romain Duda, Álvaro Fernández-Llamazares, Sandrine Gallois, Lucentezza Napitupulu, Martí Orta-Martínez, Aili Pyhälä
Researchers have argued that the behavioral adaptations that explain the success of our species are partially cultural, i.e., cumulative and socially transmitted. Thus, understanding the adaptive nature of culture is crucial to understand human evolution. We use a cross-cultural framework and empirical data purposely collected to test whether culturally transmitted and individually appropriated knowledge provides individual returns in terms of hunting yields and health and, by extension, to nutritional status, a proxy for individual adaptive success...
December 2016: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104707/improving-care-standards-for-patients-with-spinal-trauma-combining-a-modified-e-delphi-process-and-stakeholder-interviews-a-study-protocol
#10
Lisa N Sharwood, Ralph Stanford, James W Middleton, Brian Burns, Anthony Joseph, Oliver Flower, Oran Rigby, Jonathon Ball, Shelly Dhaliwal
INTRODUCTION: Around 300 people sustain a new traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) in Australia each year; a relatively low incidence injury with extremely high long-term associated costs. Care standards are inconsistent nationally, lacking in consensus across important components of care such as prehospital spinal immobilisation, timing of surgery and timeliness of transfer to specialist services. This study aims to develop 'expertly defined' and agreed standards of care across the majority of disciplines involved for these patients...
January 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104380/-evolutionary-medicine-a-new-look-on-health-and-disease
#11
F Bauduer
Evolutionary medicine represents an innovative approach deriving from evolutionary biology. It includes the initial Darwin's view, its actualization in the light of progresses in genetics and also dissident theories (i.e. non gene-based) particularly epigenetics. This approach enables us to reconsider the pathophysiology of numerous diseases, as for instance, infection, and our so-called diseases of civilization especially obesity, type 2 diabetes, allergy or cancer. Evolutionary medicine may also improve our knowledge regarding inter-individual variation in susceptibility to disease or drugs...
January 16, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104184/elder-abuse-prevalence-in-community-settings-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Yongjie Yon, Christopher R Mikton, Zachary D Gassoumis, Kathleen H Wilber
BACKGROUND: Elder abuse is recognised worldwide as a serious problem, yet quantitative syntheses of prevalence studies are rare. We aimed to quantify and understand prevalence variation at the global and regional levels. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched 14 databases, including PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, EMBASE, and MEDLINE, using a comprehensive search strategy to identify elder abuse prevalence studies in the community published from inception to June 26, 2015...
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103923/risk-adjustment-methods-for-all-payer-comparative-performance-reporting-in-vermont
#13
Karl Finison, MaryKate Mohlman, Craig Jones, Melanie Pinette, David Jorgenson, Amy Kinner, Tim Tremblay, Daniel Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: As the emphasis in health reform shifts to value-based payments, especially through multi-payer initiatives supported by the U.S. Center for Medicare & Medicaid Innovation, and with the increasing availability of statewide all-payer claims databases, the need for an all-payer, "whole-population" approach to facilitate the reporting of utilization, cost, and quality measures has grown. However, given the disparities between the different populations served by Medicare, Medicaid, and commercial payers, risk-adjustment methods for addressing these differences in a single measure have been a challenge...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103920/ovarian-cycling-and-reproductive-state-shape-the-vaginal-microbiota-in-wild-baboons
#14
Elizabeth A Miller, Joshua A Livermore, Susan C Alberts, Jenny Tung, Elizabeth A Archie
BACKGROUND: The vaginal microbiome is an important site of bacterial-mammalian symbiosis. This symbiosis is currently best characterized for humans, where lactobacilli dominate the microbial community and may help defend women against infectious disease. However, lactobacilli do not dominate the vaginal microbiota of any other mammal studied to date, raising key questions about the forces that shape the vaginal microbiome in non-human mammals. RESULTS: We used Illumina sequencing of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene to investigate variation in the taxonomic composition of the vaginal microbiota in 48 baboons (Papio cynocephalus), members of a well-studied wild population in Kenya...
January 19, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103905/spatio-temporal-analysis-of-the-genetic-diversity-and-complexity-of-plasmodium-falciparum-infections-in-kedougou-southeastern-senegal
#15
Makhtar Niang, Laty G Thiam, Cheikh Loucoubar, Abdourahmane Sow, Bacary D Sadio, Mawlouth Diallo, Amadou A Sall, Aissatou Toure-Balde
BACKGROUND: Genetic analyses of the malaria parasite population and its temporal and spatial dynamics could provide an assessment of the effectiveness of disease control strategies. The genetic diversity of Plasmodium falciparum has been poorly documented in Senegal, and limited data are available from the Kedougou Region. This study examines the spatial and temporal variation of the genetic diversity and complexity of P. falciparum infections in acute febrile patients in Kedougou, southeastern Senegal...
January 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103896/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-utilization-by-female-sex-workers-is-context-specific-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-india-kenya-mozambique-and-south-africa
#16
Yves Lafort, Ross Greener, Anuradha Roy, Letitia Greener, Wilkister Ombidi, Faustino Lessitala, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Mags Beksinska, Peter Gichangi, Sushena Reza-Paul, Jenni A Smit, Matthew Chersich, Wim Delva
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are extremely vulnerable to adverse sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. To mitigate these risks, they require access to services covering not only HIV prevention but also contraception, cervical cancer screening and sexual violence. To develop context-specific intervention packages to improve uptake, we identified gaps in service utilization in four different cities. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, as part of the baseline assessment of an implementation research project...
January 19, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103895/feasibility-of-antiretroviral-treatment-monitoring-in-the-era-of-decentralized-hiv-care-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Minh D Pham, Lorena Romero, Bruce Parnell, David A Anderson, Suzanne M Crowe, Stanley Luchters
BACKGROUND: Regular monitoring of HIV patients who are receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) is required to ensure patient benefits and the long-term effectiveness and sustainability of ART programs. Prompted by WHO recommendations for expansion and decentralization of HIV treatment and care in low and middle income countries, we conducted a systematic review to assess the feasibility of treatment monitoring in these settings. METHODS: A comprehensive search strategy was developed using a combination of MeSH and free text terms relevant to HIV treatment and care, health service delivery, health service accessibility, decentralization and other relevant terms...
January 19, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103825/factors-behind-the-success-story-of-under-five-stunting-in-peru-a-district-ecological-multilevel-analysis
#18
Luis Huicho, Carlos A Huayanay-Espinoza, Eder Herrera-Perez, Eddy R Segura, Jessica Niño de Guzman, María Rivera-Ch, Aluisio J D Barros
BACKGROUND: Stunting prevalence in children less than 5 years has remained stagnated in Peru from 1992 to 2007, with a rapid reduction thereafter. We aimed to assess the role of different predictors on stunting reduction over time and across departments, from 2000 to 2012. METHODS: We used various secondary data sources to describe time trends of stunting and of possible predictors that included distal to proximal determinants. We determined a ranking of departments by annual change of stunting and of different predictors...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103259/characterization-and-genetic-variation-of-vibrio-cholerae-isolated-from-clinical-and-environmental-sources-in-thailand
#19
Achiraya Siriphap, Pimlapas Leekitcharoenphon, Rolf S Kaas, Chonchanok Theethakaew, Frank M Aarestrup, Orasa Sutheinkul, Rene S Hendriksen
Cholera is still an important public health problem in several countries, including Thailand. In this study, a collection of clinical and environmental V. cholerae serogroup O1, O139, and non-O1/non-O139 strains originating from Thailand (1983 to 2013) was characterized to determine phenotypic and genotypic traits and to investigate the genetic relatedness. Using a combination of conventional methods and whole genome sequencing (WGS), 78 V. cholerae strains were identified. WGS was used to determine the serogroup, biotype, virulence, mobile genetic elements, and antimicrobial resistance genes using online bioinformatics tools...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103077/quantifying-disparities-in-urban-firearm-violence-by-race-and-place-in-philadelphia-pennsylvania-a-cartographic-study
#20
Jessica H Beard, Christopher N Morrison, Sara F Jacoby, Beidi Dong, Randi Smith, Carrie A Sims, Douglas J Wiebe
OBJECTIVES: To describe variability in the burden of firearm violence by race, income, and place in an urban context. METHODS: We used Philadelphia Police Department data from 2013 to 2014 to calculate firearm assault rates within census block groups for both victim residence and event locations, stratifying by race and block group income. We used cartographic modeling to determine variations in incidence of firearm assault by race, neighborhood income, and place...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
keyword
keyword
65934
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"