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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055229/effect-of-long-term-chilled-up-to-5weeks-then-frozen-up-to-12months-storage-at-two-different-sub-zero-holding-temperatures-on-beef-2-lipid-oxidation-and-fatty-acid-profiles
#1
Benjamin W B Holman, Cassius E O Coombs, Stephen Morris, Kristy Bailes, David L Hopkins
Lipid oxidation and fatty acid (FA) profiles were evaluated for beef M. longissimus lumborum (LL) stored under different chilled-then-frozen storage combinations (up to 5 and 52weeks, respectively) and two frozen holding temperatures (-12°C and -18°C). FA profile variation was observed, with increasing frozen storage periods resulting in unsaturated FA levels declining as saturated FA levels increased. Polyunsaturated and health claimable FA levels also tended to decline with increasing chilled storage period, albeit insignificant within the constraints of the experimental design...
October 6, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055111/genetic-based-dissection-of-arsenic-accumulation-in-maize-using-a-genome-wide-association-analysis-method
#2
Zhan Zhao, Huaisheng Zhang, Zhongjun Fu, Hao Chen, Yanan Lin, Pengshuai Yan, Weihua Li, Huiling Xie, Zhanyong Guo, Xuehai Zhang, Jihua Tang
Understanding the mechanism of arsenic (As) accumulation in plants is important in reducing As's toxicity to plants and its potential risks to human health. Here, we performed a genome-wide association study to dissect the genetic basis of the As contents of different maize tissues in Xixian, which was irrigated with As-rich surface water, and Changge using an association population consisting of 230 representative inbred maize lines. Phenotypic data revealed a wide normal distribution and high repeatability for the As contents in maize tissues...
October 21, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054790/narratives-of-life-with-long-term-low-back-pain-a-follow-up-interview-study
#3
Sanne Angel, Lone Donbæk Jensen, Thomas Maribo, Birgitte Krøis Gonge, Niels Buus
BACKGROUND: Long-term low back pain is associated with multiple challenges to a person's identity and social position. Despite efforts to understand the challenges of low back pain, recovery remains a major problem both personally and socially. This indicate a need for a different approach. Although personal stories have been used to extend knowledge of issues that relate to low back pain, they also make it possible to learn about how people understand themselves and their lives. As such, analysis of narratives may provide further insights into people's coping processes and novel insights about how best to support them...
October 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054689/breast-cancer-survivorship-care-variations-between-adjuvant-chemotherapy-regimens
#4
Alexis D Leal, Holly Van Houten, Lindsey Sangaralingham, Rachel A Freedman, Ahmedin Jemal, Heather B Neuman, Tufia C Haddad, Robert W Mutter, Theresa H M Keegan, Sarah S Mougalian, Charles L Loprinzi, Cary P Gross, Nilay Shah, Kathryn J Ruddy
BACKGROUND: Treatment-related toxicity can vary substantially between chemotherapy regimens. In this study we evaluated the frequency of outpatient office visits among a cohort of early stage breast cancer survivors after completion of 4 different adjuvant chemotherapy regimens to better understand how differences in toxicities between regimens might affect health care use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed administrative claims data from a US commercial insurance database (OptumLabs) to identify women who received adjuvant doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide (AC), AC followed or preceded by docetaxel or paclitaxel (AC-T), AC concurrent with docetaxel or paclitaxel (TAC), or docetaxel/cyclophosphamide (TC) between 2008 and 2014...
September 22, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054671/impacts-of-rapid-urbanization-on-the-water-quality-and-macroinvertebrate-communities-of-streams-a-case-study-in-liangjiang-new-area-china
#5
Kun Luo, Xuebin Hu, Qiang He, Zhengsong Wu, Hao Cheng, Zhenlong Hu, Asit Mazumder
Rapid urbanization in China has dramatically deteriorated the water quality of streams and threatening aquatic ecosystem health. This study aims to 1) assess the impacts of urbanization on water quality and macroinvertebrate composition and 2) address the question of how urbanization affects macroinvertebrate distribution patterns. Environmental variables over multispatial scales and macroinvertebrate community data were collected on April (dry season) and September (wet season) of 2014 and 2015 at 19 sampling sites, of which nine had a high urbanization level (HUL), six had moderate urbanization level (MUL) and four had low urbanization level (LUL), in the Liangjiang New Area...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054644/legionella-a-threat-to-groundwater-pathogen-transport-in-recharge-basin
#6
Lauren R McBurnett, Nathan T Holt, Absar Alum, Morteza Abbaszadegan
This study elucidates the potential risk posed by Legionella during aquifer recharge practices. Experiments were conducted using pilot-scale column simulating infiltration of bacterial surrogate and pathogen, E. coli and Legionella pneumophila, under central Arizona recharge basin conditions. A column was packed with a loamy sand media collected from a recharge basin and was fitted with six sampling ports at soil depths of 15, 30, 60, 92, 122cm and acclimated for a month with tertiary treated wastewater. Transport of Legionella appeared to be delayed compared to E...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053862/a-study-of-the-radioactivity-in-the-dust-storm-event-of-april-2015-in-arabian-peninsula
#7
Zaid Q Ababneh, Anas M Ababneh, Sultan Alsagabi, Fahad I Almasoud
Gulf countries are often affected by dust storms which have a significant influence on the environment and public health. The present work examines the radioactivity content in the intense dust storm occurred over Gulf countries on 1 April 2015. The results showed that the average value of 137Cs in dust samples (±SD) is 14.4 ± 1.6 Bq/kg, which is almost two orders of magnitude larger than those in soil samples. 7Be was detected with a considerable amount only in dust samples. The activity concentrations of the natural radionuclides (234,238U, 228,230,232Th, 226,228Ra and 40K) in dust samples were found to be approximately two to three times higher than the corresponding values in soil samples, which is attributed to the abundance of the finest particle size in the dust samples...
October 19, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053769/relationships-of-variations-in-the-tongue-microbiota-and-pneumonia-mortality-in-nursing-home-residents
#8
Shinya Kageyama, Toru Takeshita, Michiko Furuta, Mikiko Tomioka, Mikari Asakawa, Shino Suma, Kenji Takeuchi, Yukie Shibata, Yasuyuki Iwasa, Yoshihisa Yamashita
Background: Aspiration of oral debris, containing dense oral bacteria, is a major cause of pneumonia in elderly adults. This study investigated the relationship between tongue microbiota composition and incidence of pneumonia-related deaths, in nursing home residents. Methods: The subjects were assessed for health conditions, including their tongue microbiota, at baseline. We determined tongue microbiota profiles by 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing and clustering approach...
October 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053605/flexible-sensors-for-pressure-therapy-effect-of-substrate-curvature-and-stiffness-on-sensor-performance
#9
Iryna Khodasevych, Suresh Parmar, Olga Troynikov
Flexible pressure sensors are increasingly being used in medical and non-medical applications, and particularly in innovative health monitoring. Their efficacy in medical applications such as compression therapy depends on the accuracy and repeatability of their output, which in turn depend on factors such as sensor type, shape, pressure range, and conformability of the sensor to the body surface. Numerous researchers have examined the effects of sensor type and shape, but little information is available on the effect of human body parameters such as support surfaces' curvature and the stiffness of soft tissues on pressure sensing performance...
October 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053591/real-time-monitoring-of-water-content-in-sandy-soil-using-shear-mode-piezoceramic-transducers-and-active-sensing-a-feasibility-study
#10
Qingzhao Kong, Hongli Chen, Yi-Lung Mo, Gangbing Song
A quantitative understanding of soil water content or soil water status is of great importance to many applications, such as landslide monitoring, rockfill dam health monitoring, precision agriculture, etc. In this paper, a feasibility study was conducted to monitor the soil water content in real time using permanent embedded piezoceramic-based transducers called smart aggregates (SAs). An active sensing approach using a customized swept acoustic wave with a frequency range between 100 Hz and 300 kHz was used to study the wave attenuation in the soil in correlation to soil moisture levels...
October 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053583/body-weight-cycling-with-identical-diet-composition-does-not-affect-energy-balance-and-has-no-adverse-effect-on-metabolic-health-parameters
#11
Inge F Palm, Rianne G A E Schram, Hans J M Swarts, Evert M van Schothorst, Jaap Keijer
BACKGROUND: Body weight (BW) cycling, the yo-yo effect, is generally thought to have adverse effects on human metabolic health. However, human and animal experiments are limited in number and do not provide clear answers, partly due to large variations in experimental design, parameters measured, and definitions of BW cycling. Here, we examined the effect of repetitive BW cycling versus single- and non-cycling control groups, without alterations in diet composition, on steady state BW and metabolic parameters...
October 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053408/geographical-differentials-in-uptake-of-antenatal-care-services-in-nigeria
#12
Omotayo Adewale Haruna-Ogun
Uptake of antenatal care (ANC) is poor in Nigeria, however there are geographical variations. We investigated the relationship between place of residence, region and ANC utilization in Nigeria. Using data of the most recent demographic and health survey, the geographic predictors of ANC were modelled. Women in the rural areas were 79 percent less likely to have the recommended four ANC visits. The odds of a woman in Southern Nigeria having four ANC visit are 4.347 times the odds of a woman in Northern Nigeria having the recommended ANC visit...
October 20, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053386/promoting-health-from-the-pulpit-a-process-evaluation-of-hiv-sermons-to-reduce-hiv-stigma-and-promote-testing-in-african-american-and-latino-churches
#13
Denise D Payán, Karen R Flórez, Laura M Bogart, David E Kanouse, Michael A Mata, Clyde W Oden, Kathryn P Derose
Embedding health messages into sermons is a potentially valuable strategy to address HIV and other health disparities in churches that predominantly serve racial and ethnic minorities. This study explores implementation of an HIV sermon as part of a multi-component intervention in three churches (Latino Catholic, Latino Pentecostal, and African American Baptist) in high HIV prevalence areas of Los Angeles County, California. Clergy were given an HIV sermon guide that included local public health data, stigma reduction cues, HIV testing messages, and a sample sermon...
October 20, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052566/analysis-on-inpatient-health-expenditures-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-a-grade-a-tertiary-hospital-in-beijing
#14
Xin Liu, Yong-Hui Mao, Xue-Mei He, Yan-Jing Zhang, Ying Sun
BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common type of malignant renal tumors with a growing incidence in the recent years. This study aimed to investigate the influencing factors and variation trend of hospitalization expenditures among RCC patients in a single-centered hospital in Beijing during 5 consecutive years and to find the major cost items and fluctuation tendency of inpatient medical expenditures. METHODS: The information of medical expenditures among RCC patients in a Grade-A tertiary hospital during the years 2012-2016 was investigated to find the main cost items and changes affecting the medical cost structure...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052450/measuring-the-implementation-of-youth-empowerment-solutions
#15
Susan Morrel-Samuels, Laney A Rupp, Andria B Eisman, Alison L Miller, Sarah A Stoddard, Susan P Franzen, Peter Hutchison, Marc A Zimmerman
Scholars have increasingly emphasized the importance of using evidence-based programs to promote health and prevent disease. While theoretically and empirically based programs may be effective in carefully controlled conditions, many fail to achieve desired outcomes when implemented in real-world settings. Ensuring high-quality implementation of health promotion programs is critically important as variation in implementation is closely associated with program effectiveness. The purpose of this article is to present methods used to document and assess the implementation of the Youth Empowerment Solutions (YES) program...
October 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052425/inclusive-state-immigrant-policies-and-health-insurance-among-latino-asian-pacific-islander-black-and-white-noncitizens-in-the-united-states
#16
Maria-Elena De Trinidad Young, Gabriela Leon-Perez, Christine R Wells, Steven P Wallace
OBJECTIVES: Policy-making related to immigrant populations is increasingly conducted at the state-level. State policy contexts may influence health insurance coverage by determining noncitizens' access to social and economic resources and shaping social environments. Using nationally representative data, we investigate the relationship between level of inclusion of state immigrant policies and health insurance coverage and its variation by citizenship and race/ethnicity. METHODS: Data included a measure of level of inclusion of the state policy context from a scan of 10 policies enacted prior to 2014 and data for adults ages 18-64 from the 2014 American Community Survey...
October 20, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052118/challenging-conventions-of-bullying-thresholds-exploring-differences-between-low-and-high-levels-of-bully-only-victim-only-and-bully-victim-roles
#17
Jeremy T Goldbach, Paul R Sterzing, Marla J Stuart
Using a commonly accepted threshold of 2 to 3 times per month as a marker of bullying-involvement from noninvolvement, approximately 30% of U.S. students report being a bully, victim, or both. Although variation in the frequency of involvement exists, infrequent engagement (less than 2 to 3 times a month) is generally considered noninvolved. However, the question remains: Do these differences have implications for behavioral health patterns, including substance use, depression and school connectedness? The present study used a district-wide random cluster sample of 66 middle and high schools in a mid-size city...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052037/effects-of-mirror-placement-on-sagittal-alignment-of-the-spine-during-acquisition-of-full-spine-standing-x-rays
#18
Shin Oe, Daisuke Togawa, Go Yoshida, Tomohiko Hasegawa, Yu Yamato, Tatsuya Yasuda, Tomohiro Banno, Hideyuki Arima, Yuki Mihara, Hiroki Ushirozako, Yukihiro Matsuyama
PURPOSE: The line of sight when whole-spine radiographs are taken has not been defined. In our 2012 health screening study (TOEI study), whole-spine radiographs were taken with the volunteers in the most relaxed position and with a horizontal gaze. However, in the TOEI 2014 study, a mirror was placed in front of their faces to unify their line of sight. To our knowledge, there are no reports on how the sagittal alignment changes when radiographs are taken using a mirror. The purpose of this study was to investigate how mirror placement impacted sagittal spinal alignment in whole-spine radiographs taken while standing...
October 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052018/end-users-product-preference-across-three-multipurpose-prevention-technology-delivery-forms-baseline-results-from-young-women-in-kenya-and-south-africa
#19
Rachel Weinrib, Alexandra Minnis, Kawango Agot, Khatija Ahmed, Fred Owino, Kgahlisho Manenzhe, Helen Cheng, Ariane van der Straten
A multipurpose prevention technology (MPT) that combines HIV and pregnancy prevention is a promising women's health intervention, particularly for young women. However, little is known about the drivers of acceptability and product choice for MPTs in this population. This paper explores approval ratings and stated choice across three different MPT delivery forms among potential end-users. The Trio Study was a mixed-methods study in women ages 18-30 that examined acceptability of three MPT delivery forms: oral tablets, injections, and vaginal ring...
October 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051773/an-improved-microscale-method-for-extraction-of-phenolic-acids-from-maize
#20
Mariana Zavala-López, Silverio García-Lara
BACKGROUND: Phenolic acids are a major group of secondary metabolites widely distributed in plants. In the case of maize, the major proportion of these metabolites occurs in the edible grain and their antioxidant activities are associated with improvements in human health. However, conventional extraction of secondary metabolites is very time consuming and generates a substantial amount of solvent waste. One approach to resolve these limitations is the use of microscale approaches, which minimize the quantity of solvents required, as well as the sample amounts and processing times...
2017: Plant Methods
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