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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679862/a-small-scale-study-investigating-staff-and-student-perceptions-of-the-barriers-to-a-preventative-approach-for-adolescent-self-harm-in-secondary-schools-in-wales-a-grounded-theory-model-of-stigma
#1
Rachel Parker
OBJECTIVES: Grounded theory analysis of secondary school staff and pupil perceptions about the barriers to preventative work for adolescent self-harm within the secondary school setting in Wales. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative and grounded theory. METHODS: Two secondary schools in Wales were purposefully sampled for variation. Four group interviews took place using qualitative research methods (Participatory Rapid Appraisal) with six school-based professionals and six students aged more than 16 years...
April 18, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679859/the-relationship-of-age-activity-and-body-size-on-osteoarthritis-in-weight-bearing-skeletal-regions
#2
Stephanie E Calce, Helen K Kurki, Darlene A Weston, Lisa Gould
This study examined the simultaneous impact of multiple underlying factors on OA expression in weight-bearing joints of the vertebrae and lower limb of a modern European skeletal sample (Lisbon and Sassari). OA was evaluated using standard ranked categorical scoring; composite OA scores derived through principal component analysis. Body size was calculated from postcranial measurements; torsional strength (J) of the femoral midshaft was calculated from three-dimensional surface models, size standardized and used as a proxy for activity...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678798/analysis-of-college-students-personal-health-information-activities-online-survey
#3
Sujin Kim, Donghee Sinn, Sue Yeon Syn
BACKGROUND: With abundant personal health information at hand, individuals are faced with a critical challenge in evaluating the informational value of health care records to keep useful information and discard that which is determined useless. Young, healthy college students who were previously dependents of adult parents or caregivers are less likely to be concerned with disease management. Personal health information management (PHIM) is a special case of personal information management (PIM) that is associated with multiple interactions among varying stakeholders and systems...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678410/health-literacy-in-children-with-asthma-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Yu-Fen Tzeng, Bor-Luen Chiang, Yu-Hsia Chen, Bih-Shya Gau
Health literacy (HL) is a key factor influencing asthma management outcomes and has primarily been focused on adult patients. The relationship between children's HL and asthma is unclear, and several research gaps are present in the direct assessment of children's HL. In this study, a systematic review of the relevant literature was conducted to elucidate the relationship between HL and asthma among children. An electronic database search was performed to obtain studies published between January 2005-August 2016...
December 8, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678188/doing-battle-with-the-monster-how-high-risk-heterosexuals-experience-and-successfully-manage-hiv-stigma-as-a-barrier-to-hiv-testing
#5
Marya Gwadz, Noelle R Leonard, Sylvie Honig, Robert Freeman, Alexandra Kutnick, Amanda S Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Annual HIV testing is recommended for populations at-risk for HIV in the United States, including heterosexuals geographically connected to urban high-risk areas (HRA) with elevated rates of HIV prevalence and poverty, who are primarily African American/Black or Hispanic. Yet this subpopulation of "individuals residing in HRA" (IR-HRA) evidence low rates of regular HIV testing. HIV stigma is a recognized primary barrier to testing, in part due to its interaction with other stigmatized social identities...
April 20, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678051/interoperability-assets-for-patient-summary-components-a-gap-analysis
#6
Kai U Heitmann, Giorgio Cangioli, Marcello Melgara, Catherine Chronaki
The International Patient Summary (IPS) standards aim to define the specifications for a minimal and non-exhaustive Patient Summary, which is specialty-agnostic and condition-independent, but still clinically relevant. Meanwhile, health systems are developing and implementing their own variation of a patient summary while, the eHealth Digital Services Infrastructure (eHDSI) initiative is deploying patient summary services across countries in the Europe. In the spirit of co-creation, flexible governance, and continuous alignment advocated by eStandards, the Trillum-II initiative promotes adoption of the patient summary by engaging standards organizations, and interoperability practitioners in a community of practice for digital health to share best practices, tools, data, specifications, and experiences...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677477/systems-immunology-learning-the-rules-of-the-immune-system
#7
Alexandra-Chloé Villani, Siranush Sarkizova, Nir Hacohen
Given the many cell types and molecular components of the human immune system, along with vast variations across individuals, how should we go about developing causal and predictive explanations of immunity? A central strategy in human studies is to leverage natural variation to find relationships among variables, including DNA variants, epigenetic states, immune phenotypes, clinical descriptors, and others. Here, we focus on how natural variation is used to find patterns, infer principles, and develop predictive models for two areas: (a) immune cell activation-how single-cell profiling boosts our ability to discover immune cell types and states-and (b) antigen presentation and recognition-how models can be generated to predict presentation of antigens on MHC molecules and their detection by T cell receptors...
April 26, 2018: Annual Review of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677146/trace-elements-in-marine-sediment-and-organisms-in-the-gulf-of-thailand
#8
REVIEW
Suwalee Worakhunpiset
This review summarizes the findings from studies of trace element levels in marine sediment and organisms in the Gulf of Thailand. Spatial and temporal variations in trace element concentrations were observed. Although trace element contamination levels were low, the increased urbanization and agricultural and industrial activities may adversely affect ecosystems and human health. The periodic monitoring of marine environments is recommended in order to minimize human health risks from the consumption of contaminated marine organisms...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677034/functional-somatic-symptoms-across-cultures-perceptual-and-health-care-issues
#9
Bernd Löwe, Christian Gerloff
Functional neurological disorders are conceptualized as patterns of neurological symptoms that cannot be attributed to a clear organic etiology. The study by Wilkins et al. published in this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, revealed that 8.2% of patients who were initially presented with suspected stroke were later diagnosed with functional disorders, i.e., "functional stroke mimics." However, the percentage of functional stroke mimics varied substantially with patients' nationality, age, and sex...
April 19, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676966/an-alternative-perspective-on-assistive-technology-the-person-environment-tool-pet-model
#10
Gustav Jarl, Lars-Olov Lundqvist
The medical and social models of disability are based on a dichotomy that categorizes people as able-bodied or disabled. In contrast, the biopsychosocial model, which forms the basis for the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), suggests a universalistic perspective on human functioning, encompassing all human beings. In this article we argue that the artificial separation of function-enhancing technology into assistive technology (AT) and mainstream technology might be one of the barriers to a universalistic view of human functioning...
April 20, 2018: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676584/current-practice-of-ototoxicity-management-across-the-united-kingdom-uk
#11
Devina Maru, Ghada-Al Malky
OBJECTIVE: Effective management of patients diagnosed with ototoxicity is needed to reduce hearing and balance damage which affects communication and life quality. Despite widespread recommendations to monitor and manage ototoxicity in an early and effective manner, there is limited evidence to support the actual implementation of these recommendations for affected patient groups in healthcare services across the UK with limited publications available. In this study, an online questionnaire analysed the current practice of ototoxicity management and patient pathways across the UK once the diagnosis of ototoxicity was confirmed, targeting Audiologists, ENTs/AVPs and GPs...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676493/the-physical-environment-and-patients-activities-and-care-a-comparative-case-study-at-three-newly-built-stroke-units
#12
Anna Anåker, Lena Von Koch, Christina Sjöstrand, Ann Heylighen, Marie Elf
AIM: To explore and compare the impact of the physical environment on patients' activities and care at three newly built stroke units. BACKGROUND: Receiving care in a stroke unit instead of in a general ward reduces the odds of death, dependency and institutionalized care. In stroke units, the design of the physical environment should support evidence-based care. Studies on patients' activities in relation to the design of the physical environment of stroke units are scarce...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676208/tactics-of-material-participation-how-patients-shape-their-engagement-through-e-health
#13
Karen Dam Nielsen, Henriette Langstrup
The increasingly popular goal of 'patient participation' comes with a conceptual vagueness, at times rendering it an all-too flexible political trope or platitude and, in practice, resulting in unclear invitations to patients. We seek to open up the alluring yet troubling figure of patient participation, by inquiring into how patients enact participation in different ways. Based on close ethnographic engagement in a user test of the e-health system P-Record, we show how a group of heart patients shaped their participation along three lines of tactics of material participation: 'activism', 'partnership' and 'compliance'...
April 1, 2018: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676015/reconsidering-the-income-health-relationship-using-distributional-regression
#14
Alexander Silbersdorff, Julia Lynch, Stephan Klasen, Thomas Kneib
We reconsider the relationship between income and health taking a distributional perspective rather than one centered on conditional expectation. Using structured additive distributional regression, we find that the association between income and health is larger than generally estimated because aspects of the conditional health distribution that go beyond the expectation imply worse outcomes for those with lower incomes. Looking at German data from the Socio-Economic Panel, we find that the risk of bad health is roughly halved when doubling the net equivalent income from 15,000 to 30,000€...
April 19, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675891/association-of-the-hla-b27-antigen-and-the-ctla4-gene-ct60-rs3087243-polymorphism-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-in-algerian-population-a-case-control-study
#15
C A Dahmani, A Benzaoui, H Amroun, F Mecabih, F Z Sediki, F Zemani-Fodil, M Fodil, W Boughrara, B Mecheti, N Attal, N Mehtar, E Petit-Teixeira, A Boudjema
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a complex inflammatory disease that represents a major health problem both in Algeria and worldwide. Several lines of evidence support that genetic risk factors play a role in AS etiology and the CTLA4 gene has attracted a considerable attention. In this study, we were interested in evaluating the HLA-B27 frequency and in exploring the CTLA4 gene in a sample of the North African population. The dataset of the current study is composed of 81 patients with AS and 123 healthy controls...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Immunogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675815/variation-in-accumulation-transport-and-distribution-of-phthalic-acid-esters-paes-in-soil-columns-grown-with-low-and-high-pae-accumulating-rice-cultivars
#16
Yang Wu, Xue-Xue Chen, Ting-Kai Zhu, Xing Li, Xiao-Hong Chen, Ce-Hui Mo, Yan-Wen Li, Quan-Ying Cai, Ming-Hung Wong
The extensive use of plasticizers containing di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) results in high residual concentrations in agricultural soils and poses potential risks to human health through the food chain. Here, two rice cultivars with low (Fengyousimiao) and high (Peizataifeng) phthalic acid ester (PAE) accumulation were grown in leaching columns packed with DBP- and DEHP-contaminated soils to investigate their transport, fraction distribution, and accumulation in soil-rice-water system...
April 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675432/prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-eastern-and-southeastern-asia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Cong Luat Nguyen, Ngoc Minh Pham, Colin W Binns, Dat Van Duong, Andy H Lee
Aim: To review the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Eastern and Southeastern Asia. Methods: We systematically searched for observational studies on GDM prevalence from January 2000 to December 2016. Inclusion criteria were original English papers, with full texts published in peer-reviewed journals. The quality of included studies was evaluated using the guidelines of the National Health and Medical Research Council, Australia. Fixed effects and random effects models were used to estimate the summary prevalence of GDM and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675262/genotyping-and-molecular-detection-of-multidrug-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-among-tuberculosis-lymphadenitis-cases-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#18
O Zewdie, A Mihret, T Abebe, A Kebede, K Desta, A Worku, G Ameni
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has emerged as a major public health problem. Drug-resistance surveillance data show that 3.9% of new and 21% of previously treated TB cases were estimated to have had rifampicin/ multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR/RR-TB) in 2015. This implies that the MDR-TB is increasing alarmingly. Hence, a better understanding of drug resistance mechanisms and genotypes associated with multidrug resistance in M. tuberculosis is crucial for improving diagnostic and therapeutic methods to treat individuals with MDR-TB...
January 2018: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674360/retrospective-observational-study-of-emergency-department-syndromic-surveillance-data-during-air-pollution-episodes-across-london-and-paris-in-2014
#19
Helen E Hughes, Roger Morbey, Anne Fouillet, Céline Caserio-Schönemann, Alec Dobney, Thomas C Hughes, Gillian E Smith, Alex J Elliot
INTRODUCTION: Poor air quality (AQ) is a global public health issue and AQ events can span across countries. Using emergency department (ED) syndromic surveillance from England and France, we describe changes in human health indicators during periods of particularly poor AQ in London and Paris during 2014. METHODS: Using daily AQ data for 2014, we identified three periods of poor AQ affecting both London and Paris. Anonymised near real-time ED attendance syndromic surveillance data from EDs across England and France were used to monitor the health impact of poor AQ...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674191/seasonality-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-a-south-australian-population-study
#20
Petra E Verburg, Gus A Dekker, Graeme Tucker, Wendy Scheil, Jan Jaap H M Erwich, Claire T Roberts
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the seasonal variation of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) in South Australia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective population study including all 107,846 liveborn singletons during 2007-2014 in South Australia. Seasonality in incidence of HDP in relation to estimated date of conception (eDoC) and date of birth (DoB) were examined using Fourier series analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Seasonality of HDP in relation to eDoC and DoB...
April 11, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
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