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writing disorder

Dilek Evyapan Akkuş, Ayşe Güler
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to create an agraphia test battery specific to Turkish language, to obtain normative data for the performance and error types of this test and to demonstrate its success in detecting cognitive disorders in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) cases that can't be diagnosed by formal neuropsychological tests due to the fact that writing is a complex function. METHOD: For this purpose, 20 healthy control (HC) subjects, 20 MCI cases and 20 Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients with Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) of 1 were evaluated with Ege Agraphia Test Battery...
2016: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
Marilyn A Nippold
Adolescents with developmental language disorders often do not receive the type of intervention that would improve their ability to speak, listen, read, and write effectively. Part of the problem is that many of these young people show no obvious symptoms of a language disorder, yet they struggle on a daily basis to succeed at school-related tasks that require a sophisticated level of language development. This article discusses some of the challenges these students face and makes suggestions for what could be done to address the issues...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
Kirsten E Zeuner, Albert Acewicz, Arne Knutzen, Dirk Dressler, Katja Lohmann, Karsten Witt
Writers' cramp is a movement disorder with dystonic co-contraction of fingers and hand during writing and is part of the clinical spectrum of focal dystonias. Previous studies showed reduced striatal dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) availability in dystonia. The expression of D2 receptors is modulated by a DRD2/ANKK1-Taq1A polymorphism (rs1800497). This study addresses the question of whether the DRD2/ANKK1-Taq1A polymorphism is a risk factor for writer's cramp. We determined the DRD2/ANKK1-Taq1A polymorphism 34 patients with writer's cramp compared to 67 age matched controls...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Neurogenetics
Frøydis Morken, Turid Helland, Kenneth Hugdahl, Karsten Specht
Dyslexia is a literacy disorder affecting the efficient acquisition of reading and writing skills. The disorder is neurobiological in origin. Due to its developmental nature, longitudinal studies of dyslexia are of essence. They are, however, relatively scarce. The present study took a longitudinal approach to cortical connectivity of brain imaging data in reading tasks in children with dyslexia and children with typical reading development. The participants were followed with repeated measurements through Pre-literacy (6 years old), Emergent Literacy (8 years old) and Literacy (12 years old) stages, using Dynamic Causal Modelling (DCM) when analysing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data...
September 26, 2016: NeuroImage
May Loong Tan, Jacqueline J Ho, Keng Hwang Teh
BACKGROUND: About 5% of school children have a specific learning disorder, defined as unexpected failure to acquire adequate abilities in reading, writing or mathematics that is not a result of reduced intellectual ability, inadequate teaching or social deprivation. Of these events, 80% are reading disorders. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), in particular, omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, which normally are abundant in the brain and in the retina, are important for learning. Some children with specific learning disorders have been found to be deficient in these PUFAs, and it is argued that supplementation of PUFAs may help these children improve their learning abilities...
September 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Robyn Doney, Barbara R Lucas, Tracy Jirikowic, Tracey W Tsang, Rochelle E Watkins, Kay Sauer, Peter Howat, Jane Latimer, James P Fitzpatrick, June Oscar, Maureen Carter, Elizabeth J Elliott
BACKGROUND/AIM: Few studies have examined graphomotor skills in children with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) or fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). METHODS: Graphomotor skills were assessed in 108 predominantly Australian Aboriginal children aged 7.5-9.6 years in remote Western Australia using clinical observations (pencil grasp; writing pressure) and standardised assessment tools (the Evaluation Tool of Children's Handwriting; and the Miller Function and Participation Scales - The Draw-a-Kid Game)...
September 19, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Janice L Krupnick, Bonnie L Green, Richard Amdur, Adil Aloui, Anas Beloui, Erika Roberge, David Cueva, Miguel Roberts, Elizabeth Melnikoff, Mary Ann Dutton
Objective: Veterans suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may avoid or fail to follow through with a full course of face-to-face mental health treatment for a variety of reasons. We conducted a pilot effectiveness trial of an online intervention for veterans with current PTSD to determine the feasibility, safety, and preliminary effectiveness of an online writing intervention (i.e., Warriors Internet Recovery & EDucation [WIRED]) as an adjunct to face-to-face psychotherapy. Method: Veterans (N = 34) who had served in Iraq or Afghanistan with current PTSD subsequent to deployment-related trauma were randomized to Veterans Affairs (VA) mental health treatment as usual (TAU) or to treatment as usual plus the online intervention (TAU + WIRED)...
September 8, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Amit Kumar Chatterjee, Bijoy Daga, P K Mohanty
In reconstituting k-mer models, extended objects that occupy several sites on a one-dimensional lattice undergo directed or undirected diffusion, and reconstitute-when in contact-by transferring a single monomer unit from one k-mer to the other; the rates depend on the size of participating k-mers. This polydispersed system has two conserved quantities, the number of k-mers and the packing fraction. We provide a matrix product method to write the steady state of this model and to calculate the spatial correlation functions analytically...
July 2016: Physical Review. E
S Farokh Atashzar, Mahya Shahbazi, Christopher Ward, Olivia Samotus, Mehdi Delrobaei, Fariborz Rahimi, Jack Lee, Mallory Jackman, Mandar Jog, Rajni Patel
Abnormality of sensorimotor integration in the basal ganglia and cortex has been reported in the literature for patients with task-specific focal hand dystonia (FHD). In this study, we investigate the effect of manipulation of kinesthetic input in people living with writer's cramp disorder (a major form of FHD). For this purpose, severity of dystonia is studied for 11 participants while the symptoms of 7 participants have been tracked during 5 sessions of assessment and Botulinum toxin injection (BoNT-A) therapy (one of the current suggested therapies for dystonia)...
August 19, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
Mark Hoogendoorn, Thomas Berger, Ava Schulz, Timo Stolz, Peter Szolovits
Predicting therapeutic outcome in the mental health domain is of utmost importance to enable therapists to provide the most effective treatment to a patient. Using information from the writings of a patient can potentially be a valuable source of information, especially now that more and more treatments involve computer-based exercises or electronic conversations between patient and therapist. In this paper, we study predictive modeling using writings of patients under treatment for a social anxiety disorder...
August 17, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
Jennifer P Lundine, Rebecca J McCauley
PURPOSE: With the adoption of the Common Core State Standards, expository texts gain prominence at all grade levels and for all disciplines. Although the linguistic and cognitive complexities of exposition pose challenges for all children, they may create additional challenges for children and adolescents with language difficulties. Therefore, this tutorial provides background information for clinicians regarding the structure, development, and specific difficulties associated with exposition across the 4 modalities of listening, speaking, reading, and writing...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
D T Truong, L D Shriberg, S D Smith, K L Chapman, A R Scheer-Cohen, M M C DeMille, A K Adams, A Q Nato, E M Wijsman, J D Eicher, J R Gruen
Verbal trait disorders encompass a wide range of conditions and are marked by deficits in five domains that impair a person's ability to communicate: speech, language, reading, spelling, and writing. Nonword repetition is a robust endophenotype for verbal trait disorders that is sensitive to cognitive processes critical to verbal development, including auditory processing, phonological working memory, and motor planning and programming. In the present study, we present a six-generation extended pedigree with a history of verbal trait disorders...
December 2016: Human Genetics
(no author information available yet)
The term 'personality disorder' (PD) is hazardous for clients and the people that care for them, says mental health nurse Mark Kelly writing in Mental Health Practice. Kelly argues that healthcare staff have a duty to look after clients in a non-judgemental manner and using the term PD implies that clients with the diagnosis do not have a true mental illness. The author calls for a change in attitudes and offers three alternatives to replace the term to avoid the connotations.
August 17, 2016: Nursing Standard
Aya Zaidel
Starting from his early writings, Freud devoted much thought to "obsessional neurosis" and continued developing this theme for more than thirty years. However, unlike the disorder hysteria, which in recent years has regained its honorable status in psychoanalytic literature, obsessional neurosis has been continually neglected and relegated to the fields of psychiatry and behavioral psychology, which emphasize the symptomatic and the overt. This process, by clinging to the objective aspects of obsessional neurosis and disassociating it from the instincts and from its historical sources, may itself be deemed obsessive...
August 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
Israel Contador, Teodoro Del Ser, Sara Llamas, Alberto Villarejo, Julián Benito-León, Félix Bermejo-Pareja
BACKGROUND: The effect of different educational indices on clinical diagnosis of dementia requires more investigation. OBJECTIVE: We compared the differential influence of two educational indices (EIs): years of schooling and level of education (i.e., null/low literacy, can read and write, primary school, and secondary school) on global cognition, functional performance, and the probability of having a dementia diagnosis. METHOD: A total of 3,816 participants were selected from the population-based study of older adults "Neurological Disorders in Central Spain" (NEDICES)...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Ulrich Schnyder, Richard A Bryant, Anke Ehlers, Edna B Foa, Aram Hasan, Gladys Mwiti, Christian H Kristensen, Frank Neuner, Misari Oe, William Yule
BACKGROUND: Although there is some evidence of the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) construct's cross cultural validity, trauma-related disorders may vary across cultures, and the same may be true for treatments that address such conditions. Experienced therapists tailor psychotherapy to each patient's particular situation, to the nature of the patient's psychopathology, to the stage of therapy, and so on. In addition, culture-sensitive psychotherapists try to understand how culture enhances the meaning of their patient's life history, the cultural components of their illness and help-seeking behaviors, as well as their expectations with regard to treatment...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
A E Nica, L M Alexa, A O Ionescu, O Andronic, D N Păduraru
Extra Musculoskeletal manifestations are a distinct clinical entity that refers to a combination of clinical features, which are found in multiple rheumatic diseases. Besides the standard manifestations, other organs can be damaged such as the vascular system, skin, gastrointestinal tract, musculoskeletal system, cardiopulmonary system, hematologic system, kidneys, and the central nervous system. Among the gastrointestinal MCTD symptoms, the most frequent are the esophageal ones. Treatment of patients with MCTD must be performed by both medical and surgical multidisciplinary teams in order to provide a management suitable for the patients' needs...
April 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
Mateja Smogavec, Alison Cleall, Juliane Hoyer, Damien Lederer, Marie-Cécile Nassogne, Elizabeth E Palmer, Marie Deprez, Valérie Benoit, Isabelle Maystadt, Charlotte Noakes, Alejandro Leal, Marie Shaw, Jozef Gecz, Lucy Raymond, André Reis, Deborah Shears, Knut Brockmann, Christiane Zweier
BACKGROUND: Heterozygous copy number variants (CNVs) or sequence variants in the contactin-associated protein 2 gene CNTNAP2 have been discussed as risk factors for a wide spectrum of neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders. Bi-allelic aberrations in this gene are causative for an autosomal-recessive disorder with epilepsy, severe intellectual disability (ID) and cortical dysplasia (CDFES). As the number of reported individuals is still limited, we aimed at a further characterisation of the full mutational and clinical spectrum...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Genetics
Jun Gao, Lu-Feng Qiao, Xiao-Feng Lin, Zhi-Qiang Jiao, Zhen Feng, Zheng Zhou, Zhen-Wei Gao, Xiao-Yun Xu, Yuan Chen, Hao Tang, Xian-Min Jin
Quantum interference and quantum correlation, as two main features of quantum optics, play an essential role in quantum information applications, such as multi-particle quantum walk and boson sampling. While many experimental demonstrations have been done in one-dimensional waveguide arrays, it remains unexplored in higher dimensions due to tight requirement of manipulating and detecting photons in large-scale. Here, we experimentally observe non-classical correlation of two identical photons in a fully coupled two-dimensional structure, i...
June 13, 2016: Optics Express
Diane B Howieson
Whether it's a special episode on the PBS series, "The Secret Life of the Brain" or an entire issue dedicated to the topic in the journal Science, a better understanding of the aging brain is viewed as a key to an improved quality of life in a world where people live longer. Despite dementia and other neurobiological disorders that are associated with aging, improved imaging has revealed that even into our seventies, our brains continue producing new neurons. Our author writes about how mental health functions react to the normal aging process, including why an aging brain may even form the basis for wisdom...
November 2015: Cerebrum: the Dana Forum on Brain Science
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