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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229356/symptoms-of-swallowing-anxiety-in-panic-disorder-patients-and-associated-psychopathologic-factors
#1
Ersin Budak, İbrahim Taymur, Sinay Önen, Bilgen Biçer Kanat, Önder Akdeniz, Hakan Demirci
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate symptoms of swallowing difficulty in Panic Disorder (PD) patients and the factors associated with these symptoms. METHODS: In the pre-phase of the study, 22 PD patients who were treated in psychiatry outpatient clinics and who were found to have swallowing difficulty were evaluated. PD patients were asked to write about their thoughts, feelings and behaviors associated with swallowing difficulty. Later, these texts were examined and 41 expressions were identified in which patients described their swallowing difficulty...
February 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208966/study-of-parental-perceptions-on-health-social-needs-of-children-with-neuro-developmental-disability-and-it-s-impact-on-the-family
#2
Nusrat Jahan Rafique Ansari, Ramchandra Keshav Dhongade, Preeti Sagar Lad, Ashwin Borade, Suvarna Yg, Vishal Yadav, Ashwini Mehetre, Rahul Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: The term Neuro Developmental Disorder (NDD) is used for conditions caused by a dysfunction in any part of the brain or nervous system, resulting in physical and/or psychological symptoms as a child develops. Family of children with NDD face many problems. It is very important to find them and create awareness so that gaps in essential services and supports can be decreased. AIM: To explore parental perceptions on health & social needs of children with NDD, to understand the impact of disability on the families having children with disability, and to find out the parental perceptions on availability of services for children with NDD and its utilization by families...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208851/2d-4d-ratio-and-its-implications-in-medicine
#3
Saravanakumar Jeevanandam, Prathibha K Muthu
Digit ratios, especially 2D:4D ratio, a potential proxy marker for prenatal androgen exposure shows sexual dimorphism. Existing literature and recent research show accumulating evidence on 2D:4D ratio showing correlations with various phenotypic traits in humans. Ratio of 2D:4D is found to correlate negatively to testosterone and positively to oestrogen in the foetus. Interestingly, it is constant since birth and not influenced by the adult hormone levels. Usually, males have lower ratios when compared to females...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178960/ultrasound-and-dynamic-functional-imaging-in-vascular-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
REVIEW
Branko Malojcic, Panteleimon Giannakopoulos, Farzaneh A Sorond, Elsa Azevedo, Marina Diomedi, Janja Pretnar Oblak, Nicola Carraro, Marina Boban, Laszlo Olah, Stephan J Schreiber, Aleksandra Pavlovic, Zsolt Garami, Nantan M Bornstein, Bernhard Rosengarten
BACKGROUND: The vascular contributions to neurodegeneration and neuroinflammation may be assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonography (US). This review summarises the methodology for these widely available, safe and relatively low cost tools and analyses recent work highlighting their potential utility as biomarkers for differentiating subtypes of cognitive impairment and dementia, tracking disease progression and evaluating response to treatment in various neurocognitive disorders...
February 9, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178911/bringing-mini-chalk-talks-to-the-bedside-to-enhance-clinical-teaching
#5
Michael B Pitt, Jay D Orlander
: Chalk talks - where the teacher is equipped solely with a writing utensil and a writing surface - have been used for centuries, yet little has been written about strategies for their use in medical education. Structured education proximal to patient encounters (during rounds, at the bedside, or in between patients in clinic) maximizes the opportunities for clinical learning. This paper presents a strategy to bring mini-chalk talks (MCTs) to the bedside as a practical way to provide relevant clinical teaching by visually framing teachable moments...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165847/moving-beyond-routines-in-teaching-and-learning-releasing-the-educative-potential-of-published-eating-disorder-memoirs
#6
Donna Lee Brien, Margaret McAllister
Learning from the lived experience of disordered eating is vital for contemporary mental health practitioners. While mental health practitioners need to understand the psycho-biological issues that impact the person and family with an eating disorder, there is much about this complex condition that eludes and escapes a bio-medical perspective. Use of an aesthetic lens on the issue can illuminate various challenges, tensions and insights that people with disordered eating experience along the journey of their ill-health and on to their recovery, but which often remain unstated in the clinical context...
February 6, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143692/the-journal-of-allergy-and-clinical-immunology-in-practice-2016-year-in-review
#7
REVIEW
Michael Schatz, Scott H Sicherer, Robert S Zeiger
As editors, we concluded that it would be helpful to our readers to write a Year in Review article that highlights the Review, Original, and Clinical Communication articles published in 2016 in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice. We summarized articles on the topics of asthma, rhinitis/rhinosinusitis, food allergy, anaphylaxis, drug allergy, urticarial/angioedema, eosinophilic disorders, and immunodeficiency. Within each topic, epidemiologic findings are presented, relevant aspects of prevention are described, and diagnostic and therapeutic advances are enumerated...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141707/bullying-and-adhd-which-came-first-and-does-it-matter
#8
Robert Keder, Robert Sege, Peter C Raffalli, Marilyn Augustyn
Aiden, a 13-year-old boy in the sixth grade who is relatively new to your practice, is seen for follow-up after his routine physical last month when you noted concerns for possible attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and gave the family Vanderbilt Scales to complete. Aiden has a family history of ADHD, specific learning disabilities, and mood disorder.His mother reports that she is concerned about how Aiden is doing at school; his teachers are complaining that he is not doing his work, and she is worried that he may be kept back in school...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132055/atmosphere-on-the-phenomenology-of-atmospheric-alterations-in-schizophrenia-overall-sense-of-reality-familiarity-vitality-meaning-or-relevance-ancillary-article-to-eawe-domain-5
#9
Louis Sass, Matthew Ratcliffe
"Atmospheric" alterations are key aspects of altered subjectivity in mental disorder. Karl Jaspers famously described the "delusional mood": a sense of uncanny salience and ominousness that often precedes the onset of schizophrenic psychosis or of delusions. Such experiences, he writes, involve "a transformation in our total awareness of reality" that often verges on ineffability. In psychiatry, these experiential alterations are often referred to in terms of "derealization." Though derealization most obviously refers to a decline in the sense of objective presence or felt actuality, it can also refer to other unusual experiences in which things seem unlike normal or standard reality, including altered familiarity, vitality, meaning, or relevance...
January 28, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126016/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-and-associated-risk-factors-among-hiv-infected-women-within-reproductive-age-group-at-mizan-aman-general-hospital-southwest-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Ayalew Jejaw Zeleke, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is serious in the case of immune suppression and prenatal transmission. In immunocompromised hosts, it is manifested primarily as a life-threatening condition, toxoplasmic encephalitis. Congenital toxoplasmosis results in abortion or congenitally acquired disorders which primarily affect the central nervous system. This study assessed seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection and associated factors among HIV-infected women within the reproductive age group (18-49 years) at Mizan Aman General Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia...
January 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113638/haptic-feedback-manipulation-during-botulinum-toxin-injection-therapy-for-focal-hand-dystonia-patients-a-possible-new-assistive-strategy
#11
Seyed Farokh Atashzar, Mahya Shahbazi, Christopher Ward, Olivia Samotus, Mehdi Delrobaei, Fariborz Rahimi, Jack Lee, Mallory Jackman, Mandar Jog, Rajni Patel
Abnormality of sensorimotor integration in the basal ganglia and cortex has been reported in the literature for patients with task-specific focal hand dystonia (FHD). In this study, we investigate the effect of manipulation of kinesthetic input in people living with writer's cramp disorder (a major form of FHD). For this purpose, severity of dystonia is studied for 11 participants while the symptoms of 7 participants have been tracked during 5 sessions of assessment and Botulinum toxin injection (BoNT-A) therapy (one of the current suggested therapies for dystonia)...
August 19, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094217/development-and-validation-of-a-quality-of-life-questionnaire-for-patients-with-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders
#12
Jyothi Tadakamadla, Santhosh Kumar, Ratilal Lalloo, Newell W Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the validity and reliability of a quality-of-life (QoL) questionnaire for patients with oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs). STUDY DESIGN: For item generation, 15 personal interviews and three focus group discussions were conducted with OPMD patients existing QoL questionnaires were reviewed, and inputs from specialist clinicians (n = 10) were considered. Data collected from patients were analyzed by using NVivo...
March 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073100/investigating-the-use-of-appropriation-in-the-writing-of-a-child-with-autism-a-case-study
#13
Jamie Maxwell, Christine Weill, Jack Damico
This case study investigated how a 10year old child with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder), Kameron (pseudonym), utilized appropriation as a writing strategy in the context of group therapy. Using the same questions as Lensmire and Beals (1994) in their study of a typically developing third-grader, written products were collected over the course of one semester and analyzed, along with video, audio, and participant observation data, to consider the following questions: 1) Where did the material come from? 2) What was taken? and 3) How was it used? Analysis of the process of Kameron's writing revealed utilization of appropriation as a strategy for 2 of the 4 written products...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058091/making-mental-health-a-global-priority
#14
Patricio V Marquez, Shekhar Saxena
At a conference in April in Washington, D.C., the World Bank Group (WBG), together with the World Health Organization (WHO) and other partners kick-started a call to action to governments, international partners, health professionals, and others to find solutions to a rising global mental health problem. Our authors write that mental disorders account for 30 percent of the non-fatal disease burden worldwide and 10 percent of overall disease burden, including death and disability, and that the global cost-estimated to be approximately $2...
July 2016: Cerebrum: the Dana Forum on Brain Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056381/vineland-ii-adaptive-behavior-profile-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-or-specific-learning-disorders
#15
Giulia Balboni, Oriana Incognito, Carmen Belacchi, Sabrina Bonichini, Roberto Cubelli
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of adaptive behavior is informative in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or specific learning disorders (SLD). However, the few investigations available have focused only on the gross level of domains of adaptive behavior. AIMS: To investigate which item subsets of the Vineland-II can discriminate children with ADHD or SLD from peers with typical development. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Student's t-tests, ROC analysis, logistic regression, and linear discriminant function analysis were used to compare 24 children with ADHD, 61 elementary students with SLD, and controls matched on age, sex, school level attended, and both parents' education level...
February 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053661/psychological-morbidity-and-substance-use-among-patients-with-hypertension-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-survey-from-south-west-ethiopia
#16
Matiwos Soboka, Esayas Kebede Gudina, Markos Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: Psychological morbidity and substance use disorders have been linked to cardiovascular diseases; affecting patients' medical outcome and quality of life. However, little is known about psychological morbidity and substance use among patients with hypertension in Ethiopia. Therefore, we aimed to assess psychological comorbidity and substance use among hypertensive patients in Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 396 hypertensive patients on follow-up at Jimma University Teaching Hospital in Ethiopia during the study period...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004905/subjective-cognitive-dysfunction-in-rehabilitation-outpatients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-or-chronic-pain
#17
Ernst Schrier, Jan H Geertzen, Pieter U Dijkstra
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation patients, without brain damage, sometimes complain about poor concentration and problems with their memory. The magnitude and associations, of this cognitive dysfunction, with different factors is unclear. AIM: To determine the magnitude of cognitive dysfunction in rehabilitation outpatient and to explore its associations with patient characteristics, diagnosis, surgery, pain, stress, anxiety and depression. DESIGN: Cross sectional...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994568/the-impact-of-self-narratives-of-motherhood-for-mothers-of-children-with-autism
#18
Jerzy Trzebiński, Agnieszka Wołowicz-Ruszkowska, Adrian Dominik Wójcik
The main goal of this study was to identify the impact of a narrative construction of a life challenge - discovering to have a child with autism - on the meaning of life and on resources for coping depending on the challenge's novelty, i.e., the number of years from the diagnosis. Three hundred and sixty four mothers of children with autism participated in a long-term 3 × 2 experiment. Half of the mothers had children with autism at the age of 9-12 years. For the remaining half, having children with autism was a new and stressful life situation...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994349/approach-to-a-tremor-patient
#19
Soumya Sharma, Sanjay Pandey
Tremors are commonly encountered in clinical practice and are the most common movement disorders seen. It is defined as a rhythmic, involuntary oscillatory movement of a body part around one or more joints. In the majority of the population, tremor tends to be mild. They have varying etiology; hence, classifying them appropriately helps in identifying the underlying cause. Clinically, tremor is classified as occurring at rest or action. They can also be classified based on their frequency, amplitude, and body part involved...
October 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968884/psychiatric-symptoms-in-individuals-who-use-ketamine-versus-methamphetamine-implications-for-glutamatergic-and-dopaminergic-model-for-schizophrenia-a-cohort-study
#20
Yanhui Liao, Chang Qi, Qiuxia Wu, Jinsong Tang
BACKGROUND: Both ketamine and methamphetamine have been used for studying the positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms, and dopaminergic and GABAergic dysfunction observed in acute schizophrenia. We aimed to explore and compare the prevalence and factor structure of psychotic symptoms in chronic ketamine and methamphetamine users. METHODS: We recruited chronic ketamine and methamphetamine users from the Guangzhou Baiyun and Kangda voluntary drug rehabilitation centres in the Hunan Province, China...
October 2016: Lancet
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