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writing disorder

Jong Min Kim, Seung Beom Woo, Zeeihn Lee, Sung Jae Heo, Donghwi Park
RATIONALE: Verbal auditory agnosia is the selective inability to recognize verbal sounds. Patients with this disorder lose the ability to understand language, write from dictation, and repeat words with reserved ability to identify nonverbal sounds. However, to the best of our knowledge, there was no report about verbal auditory agnosia in adult patient with traumatic brain injury. PATIENT CONCERNS: He was able to clearly distinguish between language and nonverbal sounds, and he did not have any difficulty in identifying the environmental sounds...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ratna Dua Puri, Seema Kapoor, Priya S Kishnani, Ashwin Dalal, Neerja Gupta, Mamta Muranjan, Shubha R Phadke, Anupam Sachdeva, Ishwar C Verma, Pramod K Mistry
JUSTIFICATION: Gaucher disease (GD) is amongst the most frequently occurring lysosomal storage disorder in all ethnicities. The clinical manifestations and natural history of GD is highly heterogeneous with extreme geographic and ethnic variations. The literature on GD has paucity of information and optimal management guidelines for Indian patients. PROCESS: Gaucher Disease Task Force was formed under the auspices of the Society for Indian Academy of Medical Genetics...
February 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
Luiza K Axelrud, Marcos L Santoro, Daniel S Pine, Fernanda Talarico, Ary Gadelha, Gisele G Manfro, Pedro M Pan, Andrea Jackowski, Felipe Picon, Elisa Brietzke, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira, Rodrigo A Bressan, Eurípedes C Miguel, Luis A Rohde, Hakon Hakonarson, Zdenka Pausova, Sintia Belangero, Tomas Paus, Giovanni A Salum
OBJECTIVE: Alzheimer's disease is a heritable neurodegenerative disorder in which early-life precursors may manifest in cognition and brain structure. The authors evaluate this possibility by examining, in youths, associations among polygenic risk score for Alzheimer's disease, cognitive abilities, and hippocampal volume. METHOD: Participants were children 6-14 years of age in two Brazilian cities, constituting the discovery (N=364) and replication samples (N=352)...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
Carlo Di Brina, Roberto Averna, Paola Rampoldi, Serena Rossetti, Roberta Penge
This pilot study is to investigate the influence of a developmental coordination disorder (DCD) comorbidity in a group of children with learning disability (LD). Reading and writing were assessed to investigate if the coexistence of a motor impairment can worsen writing quality, speed, and reading accuracy. A sample of 33 LD children (aged 7-11 years) was divided in two subgroups, on the base of their scores on the Movement Assessment Battery for Children: LD-only (n = 14) and LD with a comorbidity for DCD (LD-DCD, n = 19)...
February 28, 2018: Motor Control
Réka Szakács
The link between creativity, as the highest expression form of human achievement, and bipolar disorder came into focus of scientific investigations and research. Accomplished writers, composers and visual artists show a substantially higher rate of affective disorders, prodominantly bipolar mood disorders, comparing to the general population. Then again, patients afflicted with bipolar II subtype (hypomania and depression), as well as persons presenting the mildest form of bipolar mood swings (cyclothymia) possess higher creative skills...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
Agnese Capodieci, Alice Serafini, Alice Dessuki, Cesare Cornoldi
The writing abilities of children with ADHD symptoms were examined in a simple dictation task, and then in two conditions with concurrent verbal or visuospatial working memory (WM) loads. The children with ADHD symptoms generally made more spelling mistakes than controls, and the concurrent loads impaired their performance, but with partly different effects. The concurrent verbal WM task prompted an increase in the phonological errors, while the concurrent visuospatial WM task prompted more non-phonological errors, matching the Italian phonology, but not the Italian orthography...
February 20, 2018: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
Joanne Nicholson, Spenser M Wright, Alyssa M Carlisle
INTRODUCTION: Successful competitive employment has been found to be related to enhanced self-esteem, higher quality of life and reduced mental health service use for individuals living with serious mental illnesses (SMIs) including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression. The effectiveness of the individual placement and support model has been demonstrated in multiple randomised controlled trials in many countries. The management of stress, depression and anxiety in the workplace may be effectively enhanced through digital mental health interventions...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
Paulus T V M de Jong
Worldwide, and especially in Asia, myopia is a major vision-threatening disorder. From AD 1600 on, to prevent myopia, authors warned against near work without sufficient pauses. There was an abundance of theories about the causes of myopia, the most common one being the necessity of extra convergence on nearby work with thickened extraocular muscles and elevated intraocular pressure. Ocular tenotomies against myopia were in vogue for a while. Axial lengthening of the eye in myopia was mentioned around 1700, but it took 150 years to become accepted as the most prevalent sign of high myopia...
February 3, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Matthias Griese
Children's interstitial lung diseases (chILD) are increasingly recognised and contain many lung developmental and genetic disorders not yet identified in adult pneumology. Worldwide, several registers have been established. The Australasian Registry Network for Orphan Lung Disease (ARNOLD) has identified problems in estimating rare disease prevalence; focusing on chILD in immunocompetent patients, a period prevalence of 1.5 cases per million children and a mortality rate of 7% were determined. The chILD-EU register highlighted the workload to be covered per patient included and provided protocols for diagnosis and initial treatment, similar to the United States chILD network...
March 31, 2018: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
M Hegemann, N Kroeger, A Stenzl, J Bedke
INTRODUCTION: Paraneoplastic syndromes (PNS) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are important to be recognized by the treating physician, because they may lead to diagnosis of underlying malignant disease. On the other hand, PNS may dominate the clinical picture and can hide the true disorder like a chameleon. When realized, a PNS can be used as a 'neoplastic tumour marker', especially in case of recurrence. Their occurrence can even be linked to prognosis of disease. METHODS: A PubMed search combining the MeSH terms renal cell carcinoma and paraneoplastic syndrome was executed in April 2015...
February 10, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Séverine Beyer, Thomas Gouyet, Véronique Daubas Letourneux, Eric Mener, Sandrine Huge, Audrey Petit, Cyril Begue
Purpose Understanding and treating musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) requires coordination between the numerous healthcare professionals involved, including occupational physicians (OPs), general practitioners (GPs) and social insurance physicians (SIPs). The main objective of this study was to assess communication between OPs, GPs and SIPs in the management of MSDs. Methods This is a qualitative study in the form of semi-structured interviews with OPs in the French region of Brittany. The interviews were conducted until data saturation was achieved...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Teesta Naskar, Mohammed Faruq, Priyajit Banerjee, Massarat Khan, Rashi Midha, Renu Kumari, Subhashree Devasenapathy, Bharat Prajapati, Sanghamitra Sengupta, Deepti Jain, Mitali Mukerji, Nandini Chatterjee Singh, Subrata Sinha
Dyslexia is a heritable neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulties in reading and writing. In this study, we describe the identification of a set of 17 polymorphisms located across 1.9Mb region on chromosome 5q31.3, encompassing genes of the PCDHG cluster, TAF7, PCDH1 and ARHGAP26, dominantly inherited with dyslexia in a multi-incident family. Strikingly, the non-risk form of seven variations of the PCDHG cluster, are preponderant in the human lineage, while risk alleles are ancestral and conserved across Neanderthals to non-human primates...
January 9, 2018: EBioMedicine
Ann R Beck, Heidi Verticchio
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the effects of a daily mindfulness practice and 2 types of journaling on participants' development of self-compassion. Method: This was a between-groups design. All participants in a graduate counseling course engaged in a short daily mindfulness practice at the beginning of every class. Participants were randomly assigned to a counseling journal or a gratitude journal group. Participants were to write in their journals 2 to 5 times a week for the duration of the class...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Agnese Capodieci, Simona Lachina, Cesare Cornoldi
Handwriting is fundamental in school and everyday life situations. Legibility guarantees that writing productions communicate information, and speed is often crucial, especially in children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), in order to increase the likelihood of their being able to work efficiently and stay on-task during school activities. Preliminary reports have shown an impairment in handwriting of children with ADHD, but evidence is still unclear, especially in the case of speed where research has offered contradictory results...
January 20, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Ravi K Das, Grace Gale, Vanessa Hennessy, Sunjeev K Kamboj
Maladaptive reward memories (MRMs) can become unstable following retrieval under certain conditions, allowing their modification by subsequent new learning. However, robust (well-rehearsed) and chronologically old MRMs, such as those underlying substance use disorders, do not destabilize easily when retrieved. A key determinate of memory destabilization during retrieval is prediction error (PE). We describe a retrieval procedure for alcohol MRMs in hazardous drinkers that specifically aims to maximize the generation of PE and therefore the likelihood of MRM destabilization...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Ruo-Hao Wu, Dong-Fang Li, Wen-Ting Tang, Kun-Yin Qiu, Yu Li, Xiong-Yu Liao, Dan-Xia Tang, Li-Jun Qin, Bing-Qing Deng, Xiang-Yang Luo
BACKGROUND: Atrial septal defect often become more severe when encountered in genetic syndromes. Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1a is an inherited metabolic disorder associated with mutations in PMM2 gene and can affect almost all organs. Cardiac abnormalities vary greatly in congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1a and congenital heart defects have already been reported, but there is little knowledge about the effect of this inherited disorder on an existing congenital heart defect...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Andrea Daverio, Gioia Piazzi, Anna Saya
Over the last twenty years we have witnessed a growing focus on the rights of the ill people. The debate on informed consent and a new redefinition of the therapeutic relationship is constantly evolving. With this article, we propose a critical literature review of the so-called "Ulysses contract" or "psychiatric advance directives". It refers to the will that a subject expresses in writing, or orally, about the treatments he or she wishes or does not wish to be subject to if the time comes when it may be impossible to express his/her consent...
November 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
Lisanne F de Graaff, Adriaan Honig, Mariëlle G van Pampus, Claire A I Stramrood
INTRODUCTION: Between 9 and 44% of women experience giving birth as traumatic, and 3% of women develop a posttraumatic stress disorder following childbirth. Knowledge on risk factors is abundant, but studies on treatment are limited. This study aimed to present an overview of means to prevent traumatic birth experiences and childbirth-related posttraumatic stress disorder. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Major databases (Cochrane; Embase; PsycINFO; PubMed (Medline)) were searched using combinations of the key words and their synonyms...
January 16, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Mohaddese Mahboubi
Irritable Bowel syndrome (IBS), the most common chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder, is categorized as IBS-C and IBS-D, which are equivalent to Ghoolenj Rihi and Maghs Rihi in Iranian traditional medicine. One of the main applications of Zataria multiflora Boiss in traditional medicine is its efficacy in the gastrointestinal tract with symptoms such as IBS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Zataria multiflora essential oil in management of IBS. We used all the accessible references (electronic and published books, theses, and reports) to write this article...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Jiseok Lee, Sungbaek Seo, Jinsang Kim
We developed new photo-responsive polydiacetylene (PR-PDA) molecules by incorporating a photo-cleavable moiety, 6-nitropiperonyl alcohol (NP) or 4, 5-dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzyl alcohol (DMN), into a self-assembling diacetylene molecule. Inducing steric disordering of the assembled PDA molecules by the cleavage of the photo-responsive moiety under 365 nm UV irradiation results in color transition from blue to red and development of red fluorescence, allowing convenient photo patterning. Further writing and erasing of fluorescence patterns are demonstrated toward novel secure information communication and anti-counterfeiting applications...
January 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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