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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761583/handwriting-assessment-to-distinguish-comorbid-learning-difficulties-from-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-chinese-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#1
Cecilia W P Li-Tsang, Tim M H Li, Mandy S W Lau, Choco H Y Ho, Howard W H Leung
OBJECTIVES: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning difficulties (LDs) are proposed as 2 overlapping disorders. The objective of this study was to investigate the handwriting performance in ADHD and comorbid ADHD-LD adolescents. METHODS: The study examined the Chinese and English handwriting performance and sensorimotor skills of 32 ADHD, 12 ADHD-LD, and their matched controls. RESULTS: Participants with ADHD had comparable writing time and speed, but the readability was lower than their controls...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756040/experimental-two-dimensional-quantum-walk-on-a-photonic-chip
#2
Hao Tang, Xiao-Feng Lin, Zhen Feng, Jing-Yuan Chen, Jun Gao, Ke Sun, Chao-Yue Wang, Peng-Cheng Lai, Xiao-Yun Xu, Yao Wang, Lu-Feng Qiao, Ai-Lin Yang, Xian-Min Jin
Quantum walks, in virtue of the coherent superposition and quantum interference, have exponential superiority over their classical counterpart in applications of quantum searching and quantum simulation. The quantum-enhanced power is highly related to the state space of quantum walks, which can be expanded by enlarging the photon number and/or the dimensions of the evolution network, but the former is considerably challenging due to probabilistic generation of single photons and multiplicative loss. We demonstrate a two-dimensional continuous-time quantum walk by using the external geometry of photonic waveguide arrays, rather than the inner degree of freedoms of photons...
May 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748952/disentangling-tourette-syndrome-heterogeneity-through-hierarchical-ascendant-clustering
#3
Elena Cravedi, Emmanuelle Deniau, Marianna Giannitelli, Hugues Pellerin, Virginie Czernecki, Tiphanie Priou, Jean Xavier, Angèle Consoli, Andreas Hartmann, David Cohen
AIM: To explore the heterogeneity of Tourette syndrome as part of a neurodevelopmental spectrum. METHOD: Using hierarchical ascendant clustering based on tic symptoms, developmental milestones, and neurodevelopmental comorbidities, we analyzed the heterogeneity of Tourette syndrome phenotypes in a sample of 174 children and adolescents with Tourette syndrome referred to a tertiary university clinic. RESULTS: The model yielded three distinct clusters characterized as follows...
May 10, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738440/prevalence-of-developmental-dyslexia-in-spanish-university-students
#4
Carmen López-Escribano, Judith Suro Sánchez, Fernando Leal Carretero
A recent concern in the field of dyslexia studies is the lack of awareness and attention to university students suffering from this condition. If this problem is serious in countries where the relative opacity of the writing system allows for an early detection and, therefore, effective interventions, it is most critical in countries where transparent spelling makes such detection difficult, except in the most severe cases. In Spain, the diagnosis of dyslexia is rare among university-level adults. The present study pursues three aims: (a) to put forward a screening instrument for the detection of university students at risk of dyslexia, (b) to determine the ratio of university students that could be at risk of dyslexia by means of two different procedures, and (c) to create awareness for a disorder that causes hitherto unrecognized difficulties for an important subgroup of the college population...
May 8, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727480/the-unexpected-impact-of-expressive-writing-on-posttraumatic-stress-and-growth-in-chinese-american-breast-cancer-survivors
#5
Matthew W Gallagher, Laura J Long, William Tsai, Annette L Stanton, Qian Lu
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the impact of expressive writing on reducing posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) and facilitating posttraumatic growth (PTG) in Chinese American breast cancer survivors. METHOD: Ninety-six women who had completed primary treatments for breast cancer were randomly assigned to a cancer experience facts condition, an emotional disclosure condition, or a self-regulation condition and wrote on three occasions over 3 weeks...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710086/physician-prescribing-of-opioids-to-patients-at-increased-risk-of-overdose-from-benzodiazepine-use-in-the-united-states
#6
Joseph A Ladapo, Marc R Larochelle, Alexander Chen, Melissa M Villalon, Stefanie Vassar, David Y C Huang, John N Mafi
Importance: Recent increases in US opioid-related deaths underscore the need to understand drivers of fatal overdose. The initial prescription of opioids represents a critical juncture because it increases the risk of future opioid use disorder and is preventable. Objective: To examine new opioid prescribing patterns in US patients at increased risk of overdose from benzodiazepine use. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study used publicly available data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2015, to identify adults 20 years or older receiving new opioid prescriptions and concurrently using a benzodiazepine...
April 12, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675766/the-relationship-between-sensorimotor-and-handwriting-performance-in-chinese-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Cecilia W P Li-Tsang, Tim M H Li, Choco H Y Ho, Mandy S W Lau, Howard W H Leung
Impaired sensorimotor control, as a common feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), could be a driving factor to handwriting problems. This study examined the Chinese and English handwriting and sensorimotor skills of 15 ASD and 174 typically developing Chinese adolescents. Participants with ASD had lower writing speed and poor manual dexterity (MD) than the typically developing participants. MD was a significant mediator between ASD and handwriting speed. Ground time and airtime represent the length of time when the pen touches the paper and is held in air, respectively...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675056/medieval-islamic-scholarship-and-writings-on-sleep-and-dreams
#8
Ahmed S BaHammam, Aljohara S Almeneessier, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal
Islamic civilization between the 7th and the 15th centuries made great contributions to the development of science and medicine, and discoveries made during this time formed the basis for the emergence of the European Renaissance. Muslims view sleep as one of the great signs of Allāh , and a number of Muslim scholars studied and wrote on sleep and dreams. However, Muslim scholars' contributions to this topic have not been adequately represented in modern scholarship. Islamic scholars did far more than simply act as the preservers of the antiquity and Greek knowledge, but rather laid significant foundation, translation, interpretation, and transference of knowledge and experience, and have contributed original works in many fields of science and medicine including sleep...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665606/-organic-anxiety-disorder-in-posterior-cortical-atrophy
#9
Denise Linsmayer, Christoph Kindler, Wiebke Anheier, Julia Reiff, Per Suppa, Dieter F Braus
We report on a 54-year-old patient who described a progressive anxiety disorder additionally recurrent sight disorders associated with room-tilt illusions and subjective visual field defects. She also reported disturbances of concentration and attention and of a modified typeface accompanied by difficulty in writing with an increase of grammatical errors. Based on the case, the relevant anamnestic and clinical data, the neuropsychological and neuroimaging findings and also differential diagnosis of the posterior cortical atrophy, a rare neurodegenerative disease, will be discussed...
April 17, 2018: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650856/-a-case-of-performed-right-colectomy-with-pancreato-duodenectomy-for-transverse-colon-cancer-invased-to-duodenum
#10
Ryutaro Udo, Masanobu Enomoto, Kazushige Tsurui, Yuu Kuboyama, Hiroshi Kuwabara, Masatoshi Shigoka, Tetsuo Ishizaki, Kenji Katsumata, Hiyo Obikane, Akihiko Tsuchida
There is a clear consensus regarding the combined resection of organs with cancer invasion, patients with colon cancer. However, there are very few reports to our knowledge regarding the use of pancreato-duodenectomy(PD)for colon cancer patients with cancer invasion in the duodenum. We here report a colon cancer patient in whom we performed PD and right hemicolectomy, who showed favorable results with no recurrence. The patient was a 69-year-old woman. Her chief complaint was hypogastric pain. Her previous doctor performed colonoscopy and a colonoscopic biopsy, and detected a type 2 lesion, throughout the entire circumference of the transverse colon near the liver, and she was diagnosed with adenocarcinoma...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601372/illness-uncertainty-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-young-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#11
Patricia Moreland, Sheila Judge Santacroce
BACKGROUND: Young adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at risk for chronic illness uncertainty in 4 domains: ambiguity about the state of their illness; lack of information about the disease, its treatment, and comorbidities; complexity of the healthcare system and relationship with healthcare providers; and unpredictability of the illness course and outcome. Chronic uncertainty has been associated with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580803/childbirth-narratives-of-women-with-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-the-postpartum-period
#12
Elena Santoro, Elisa Stagni-Brenca, Maria G Olivari, Emanuela Confalonieri, Paola Di Blasio
OBJECTIVE: To examine cognitive, emotional, and perceptual differences in the childbirth narratives of women with high levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) compared with women with low levels of PTSS in the postpartum period. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design. Participants were retrospectively assigned to the high or low PTSS group on the basis of their scores on the Perinatal Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Questionnaire (PPQ) administered at 1 week and 3 months after childbirth...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538212/verbal-auditory-agnosia-in-a-patient-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-report
#13
Jong Min Kim, Seung Beom Woo, Zeeihn Lee, Sung Jae Heo, Donghwi Park
RATIONALE: Verbal auditory agnosia is the selective inability to recognize verbal sounds. Patients with this disorder lose the ability to understand language, write from dictation, and repeat words with reserved ability to identify nonverbal sounds. However, to the best of our knowledge, there was no report about verbal auditory agnosia in adult patient with traumatic brain injury. PATIENT CONCERNS: He was able to clearly distinguish between language and nonverbal sounds, and he did not have any difficulty in identifying the environmental sounds...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503270/diagnosis-and-management-of-gaucher-disease-in-india-consensus-guidelines-of-the-gaucher-disease-task-force-of-the-society-for-indian-academy-of-medical-genetics-and-the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics
#14
Ratna Dua Puri, Seema Kapoor, Priya S Kishnani, Ashwin Dalal, Neerja Gupta, Mamta Muranjan, Shubha R Phadke, Anupam Sachdeva, Ishwar C Verma, Pramod K Mistry
JUSTIFICATION: Gaucher disease (GD) is amongst the most frequently occurring lysosomal storage disorder in all ethnicities. The clinical manifestations and natural history of GD is highly heterogeneous with extreme geographic and ethnic variations. The literature on GD has paucity of information and optimal management guidelines for Indian patients. PROCESS: Gaucher Disease Task Force was formed under the auspices of the Society for Indian Academy of Medical Genetics...
February 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495896/polygenic-risk-score-for-alzheimer-s-disease-implications-for-memory-performance-and-hippocampal-volumes-in-early-life
#15
Luiza K Axelrud, Marcos L Santoro, Daniel S Pine, Fernanda Talarico, Ary Gadelha, Gisele G Manfro, Pedro M Pan, Andrea Jackowski, Felipe Picon, Elisa Brietzke, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira, Rodrigo A Bressan, Eurípedes C Miguel, Luis A Rohde, Hakon Hakonarson, Zdenka Pausova, Sintia Belangero, Tomas Paus, Giovanni A Salum
OBJECTIVE: Alzheimer's disease is a heritable neurodegenerative disorder in which early-life precursors may manifest in cognition and brain structure. The authors evaluate this possibility by examining, in youths, associations among polygenic risk score for Alzheimer's disease, cognitive abilities, and hippocampal volume. METHOD: Participants were children 6-14 years of age in two Brazilian cities, constituting the discovery (N=364) and replication samples (N=352)...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488824/reading-and-writing-skills-in-children-with-specific-learning-disabilities-with-and-without-developmental-coordination-disorder
#16
Carlo Di Brina, Roberto Averna, Paola Rampoldi, Serena Rossetti, Roberta Penge
This pilot study is to investigate the influence of a developmental coordination disorder (DCD) comorbidity in a group of children with learning disability (LD). Reading and writing were assessed to investigate if the coexistence of a motor impairment can worsen writing quality, speed, and reading accuracy. A sample of 33 LD children (aged 7-11 years) was divided in two subgroups, on the base of their scores on the Movement Assessment Battery for Children: LD-only (n = 14) and LD with a comorbidity for DCD (LD-DCD, n = 19)...
February 28, 2018: Motor Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465902/-the-facets-of-creativity-in-the-light-of-bipolar-mood-alterations
#17
Réka Szakács
The link between creativity, as the highest expression form of human achievement, and bipolar disorder came into focus of scientific investigations and research. Accomplished writers, composers and visual artists show a substantially higher rate of affective disorders, prodominantly bipolar mood disorders, comparing to the general population. Then again, patients afflicted with bipolar II subtype (hypomania and depression), as well as persons presenting the mildest form of bipolar mood swings (cyclothymia) possess higher creative skills...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460683/writing-abilities-and-the-role-of-working-memory-in-children-with-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Agnese Capodieci, Alice Serafini, Alice Dessuki, Cesare Cornoldi
The writing abilities of children with ADHD symptoms were examined in a simple dictation task, and then in two conditions with concurrent verbal or visuospatial working memory (WM) loads. The children with ADHD symptoms generally made more spelling mistakes than controls, and the concurrent loads impaired their performance, but with partly different effects. The concurrent verbal WM task prompted an increase in the phonological errors, while the concurrent visuospatial WM task prompted more non-phonological errors, matching the Italian phonology, but not the Italian orthography...
February 20, 2018: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437756/pre-post-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-of-the-workingwell-mobile-support-tool-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness-in-the-usa-a-pilot-study-protocol
#19
Joanne Nicholson, Spenser M Wright, Alyssa M Carlisle
INTRODUCTION: Successful competitive employment has been found to be related to enhanced self-esteem, higher quality of life and reduced mental health service use for individuals living with serious mental illnesses (SMIs) including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression. The effectiveness of the individual placement and support model has been demonstrated in multiple randomised controlled trials in many countries. The management of stress, depression and anxiety in the workplace may be effectively enhanced through digital mental health interventions...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437569/myopia-its-historical-contexts
#20
REVIEW
Paulus T V M de Jong
Worldwide, and especially in Asia, myopia is a major vision-threatening disorder. From AD 1600 on, to prevent myopia, authors warned against near work without sufficient pauses. There was an abundance of theories about the causes of myopia, the most common one being the necessity of extra convergence on nearby work with thickened extraocular muscles and elevated intraocular pressure. Ocular tenotomies against myopia were in vogue for a while. Axial lengthening of the eye in myopia was mentioned around 1700, but it took 150 years to become accepted as the most prevalent sign of high myopia...
February 3, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
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