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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128894/behavioural-and-emotional-problems-in-children-and-educational-outcomes-a-dynamic-panel-data-analysis
#1
Rasheda Khanam, Son Nghiem
This study investigates the effects of behavioural and emotional problems in children on their educational outcomes using data from the Longitudinal Survey of Australian Children (LSAC). We contribute to the extant literature using a dynamic specification to test the hypothesis of knowledge accumulation. Further, we apply the system generalised method of moments (GMM) estimator to minimise biases due to unobserved factors. We find that mental disorders in children has a negative effect on the National Assessment Program-Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) test scores...
November 11, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126862/cortical-activity-in-fine-motor-tasks-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-preliminary-fnirs-study
#2
Priscila Caçola, Nancy Getchell, Dhivya Srinivasan, Georgios Alexandrakis, Hanli Liu
Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is as a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by poor motor proficiency, which impacts academic performance and activities of daily living. Several studies have determined that children with DCD activate different regions of the brain when performing motor skills in comparison to typically developing (TD) children. However, none have used Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) to explore cortical activation in this population. With that, the goal of this preliminary study was to investigate cortical activation using fNIRS in six children with DCD and six TD children between ages of 8 and 12 years...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121855/saccade-adaptation-deficits-in-developmental-dyslexia-suggest-disruption-of-cerebellar-dependent-learning
#3
Edward G Freedman, Sophie Molholm, Michael J Gray, Daniel Belyusar, John J Foxe
BACKGROUND: Estimates of the prevalence of developmental dyslexia in the general population range from 5% to as many as 10%. Symptoms include reading, writing, and language deficits, but the severity and mix of symptoms can vary widely across individuals. In at least some people with dyslexia, the structure and function of the cerebellum may be disordered. Saccadic adaptation requires proper function of the cerebellum and brainstem circuitry and might provide a simple, noninvasive assay for early identification and sub-phenotyping in populations of children who may have dyslexia...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111496/direct-experience-while-eating-laboratory-outcomes-among-individuals-with-eating-disorders-versus-healthy-controls
#4
Matilde Elices, Cristina Carmona, Vanessa Narváez, Victoria Seto, Ana Martin-Blanco, Juan C Pascual, José Soriano, Joaquim Soler
OBJECTIVE: To compare individuals with eating disorders (EDs) to healthy controls (HCs) to assess for differences in direct engagement in the eating process. METHOD: Participants (n=58) were asked to eat an orange slice. To assess the degree of direct engagement with the eating process, participants were asked to write down 10 thoughts about the experience of eating the orange slice. Next, the participants were instructed to classify the main focus of each thought as either experiential ("direct experience") or analytical ("thinking about")...
October 28, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106339/goodbye-eating-disorders
#5
Leigh Cohn
In 1977, I fell in love at first sight, and since then eating disorders have been a central part of my life. As I step down after 25 years as editor of Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, I am also saying goodbye to the eating disorders field and moving on to retirement and other areas of interest. In this Last Word article, I will write about my history with the journal and the field and use this forum to thank a few of the people I've known along the way.
October 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083972/inhaled-corticosteroid-containing-treatment-escalation-and-outcomes-for-patients-with-asthma-in-a-u-s-health-care-organization
#6
Lindsay G S Bengtson, Yanni Yu, Weijia Wang, Feng Cao, Erin M Hulbert, Ryan Wolbeck, Caitlin A Elliott, Ami R Buikema
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common disorder that affects approximately 8% of the U.S. POPULATION: Treatment guidelines indicate inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) as the mainstay treatment, yet poor asthma control is common among ICS-treated patients. Treatment escalation (ICS dose increase and other controller therapy add-ons) is used to manage symptoms. Real-world studies of postescalation outcomes may inform treatment decisions. OBJECTIVES: To (a) describe characteristics and treatment patterns among asthma patients who escalated treatment and (b) assess outcomes (exacerbations, uncontrolled asthma, and health care resource utilization [HCRU]) after escalation...
November 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072231/evaluation-of-drug-utilization-pattern-for-patients-of-bronchial-asthma-in-a-government-hospital-of-saudi-arabia
#7
M M Rafeeq, Has Murad
BACKGROUND: Bronchial asthma is a social and economic healthcare burden. Drug utilization studies are important tools to assess current prescription practices against standard guidelines and help in rationalizing the management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was designed to evaluate the pattern of drug utilization in bronchial asthma patients in a government hospital of Saudi Arabia. Retrospective prescribing information of patients of all ages and both sexes diagnosed with bronchial asthma being treated with at least one of the anti-asthmatic medications was utilized...
September 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066504/patient-quality-of-life-and-prognosis-in-men2
#8
Joanna Grey, Kym Winter
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) refers to the autosomal dominant neuroendocrine tumour syndromes, MEN type 2A (MEN2A) and MEN type 2B (MEN2B). They are typified by the development of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), phaeochromocytoma and parathyroid hyperplasia in MEN2A, and MTC, phaeochromocytomas, ganglioneuromatosis and skeletal abnormalities in MEN2B. The aggressiveness of MTC is variable according to genotype, and although it is still the major cause of mortality in both conditions, prognosis has improved dramatically in those diagnosed and treated at a young age thanks to predictive genetic testing...
October 24, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044444/characteristics-and-factors-associated-with-depression-in-the-elderly-in-spain-from-a-gender-perspective
#9
Juan M Sendra-Gutiérrez, Inmaculada Asensio-Moreno, Martín L Vargas-Aragón
INTRODUCTION: Depression is a main cause of disability and it is a priority public health problem among the elderly because of its significant consequences regarding morbidity and mortality, especially in women. METHODS: We selected records of people aged 65 and over out of the 2014 European Health Survey in Spain (n=6,520). We then performed a descriptive analysis stratified by gender of relevant variables such as demographic, socioeconomic, health status, health care and health determinants...
September 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994473/preliminary-thoughts-on-the-neurobiology-of-innate-unconscious-structures-and-the-psychodynamics-of-language-acquisition
#10
Susan Mizen
This paper builds upon Britton's recent writing on 'models in the mind', in which he gives an account of preverbal metaphoric structures based on object relations (Britton 2015). These correspond with Jung's theory of innate unconscious structures. These innate models are considered alongside current linguistic theory following Chomsky and post-Chomskyan views about language acquisition. Neuroscience evidence linking language and abstract thinking with structures involved in tool use are presented. The implications of these findings, and our understanding of the relational context within which language, metaphor and abstract thought are acquired, will be discussed along with the failures of symbolization and verbal communication common amongst those with severe narcissistic disorders...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989288/a-family-of-early-english-oculists-1600-1751-with-a-reappraisal-of-john-thomas-woolhouse-1664-1733-1734
#11
REVIEW
Christopher T Leffler, Stephen G Schwartz
INTRODUCTION: John Thomas Woolhouse (1666-1733/1734), who practiced in Paris, was part of a family with 5 generations of English oculists. Some historians have derided him as a "charlatan" and have criticized him for adhering to the old notion that a cataract was a membrane anterior to the lens. METHODS: We reviewed treatises and digital records related to Woolhouse and his family and the handwritten notes of his 1721 lecture series at the Royal Society of Medicine...
2017: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987044/-application-of-brain-boy-universal-professional-in-preliminary-assessment-of-auditory-processing-disorder
#12
Joanna Rutkowska, Anna Łobaczuk-Sitnik, Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna
Increasing numbers of hearing pathology is auditory processing disorders. Auditory Processing Disorders (APD) are defined as difficulty in using auditory information to communicate and learn in the presence of normal peripheral hearing. It may be recognized as a problem with understanding of speech in noise and perception disorder of distorted speech. APD may accompany to articulation disorders, language problems and difficulties in reading and writing. The diagnosis of auditory processing disorders causes many difficulties primarily due to the lack of common testing procedures, precise criteria for qualification to the group of norm and pathology...
September 29, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983149/characteristics-of-repetitive-thought-associated-with-borderline-personality-features-a-multimodal-investigation-of-ruminative-content-and-style
#13
Jessica R Peters, Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul, Brian T Upton, Nina A Talavera, Jacob J Folsom, Ruth A Baer
Increased ruminative style of thought has been well documented in borderline personality disorder (BPD); however, less is known about how the content of rumination relates to domains of BPD features. Relationships between forms of rumination and BPD features were examined in an undergraduate sample with a wide range of BPD features. Participants completed self-report measures of rumination and a free-writing task about their repetitive thought. Rumination on specific themes, including anger rumination, depressive brooding, rumination on interpersonal situations, anxious rumination, and stress-reactive rumination were significantly associated with most BPD features after controlling for general rumination...
September 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959663/beyond-the-flavor-a-green-formulation-of-ferula-asafoetida-oleo-gum-resin-with-fenugreek-dietary-fibre-and-its-gut-health-potential
#14
Liju Vijayasteltar, I J Jismy, Ashil Joseph, Balu Maliakel, Ramadasan Kuttan, Krishnakumar I M
Albeit the fact that asafotida is a popular kitchen spice and Indian folklore medicine for gut disorders, its consumption at physiologically relevant dosage is greatly challenged by the unpleasant flavor characteristics. Herein we report a green approach to derive stable powder formulations of asafoetida gum with minimized taste and odor suitable for dietary applications and gut health-related disorders. Employing a water based ultrasound mediated gel-phase dispersion of asafoetida gum on fenugreek derived soluble galactomannan fibre matrix...
2017: Toxicology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953831/attitudes-and-knowledge-of-parents-of-preschool-children-about-specific-learning-disabilities
#15
Ivana Zivoder, Sanja Martic-Biocina, Jelena Miklecic, Goran Kozina
INTRODUCTION: Specific learning disorders include dyslexia - reading disorder, dysgraphia - writing disorder, dyspraxia and discoloration - difficulties with mathematical tasks. Along with these disorders, hyperactivity disorder and attention deficit are often associated with these disorders. According to available data, 2/3 of children who have difficulty reading, writing, and counting have a lack of attention. Diagnosing these disorders is an important task for parents, preschools and schools, because it is prerequisite for understanding and treatment...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948860/understanding-handwriting-difficulties-a-comparison-of-children-with-and-without-motor-impairment
#16
Mellissa Prunty, Anna L Barnett
The nature of handwriting difficulties have been explored in children with specific developmental disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the nature of handwriting difficulties in children with dysgraphia, a less studied group who have significant handwriting difficulties in the absence of motor control or cognitive difficulties. The performance of a dysgraphia group aged 8-14 years was compared to a group with Developmental Coordination Disorder and to typically developing (TD) controls. Participants completed two handwriting tasks on a digitizing writing tablet...
September 26, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944732/patient-centered-drug-approval-the-role-of-patient-advocacy-in-the-drug-approval-process
#17
T Joseph Mattingly, Linda Simoni-Wastila
Recent approval of eteplirsen for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a rare disease with few treatment alternatives, has reignited the debate over the U.S. drug approval process. The evolution of legal and regulatory restrictions to the marketing and sale of pharmaceuticals has spanned more than a century, and throughout this history, patient advocacy has played a significant role. Scientific evidence from clinical trials serves as the foundation for drug approval, but the patient voice has become increasingly influential...
October 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939535/reading-difficulties-and-the-pediatric-ophthalmologist
#18
EDITORIAL
Sheryl M Handler, Walter M Fierson
Approximately 20% of children have dyslexia, a language-based reading disability. A variation in language processing in the brain leads to a deficit in phonological (auditory) processing, which leads to problems in learning to read, write, and spell. Myths continue to exist regarding dyslexia and vision, and although eye and vision problems may coexist with dyslexia, they are not more prevalent than in the general population. Rarely vision problems may make reading at near very difficult and may masquerade as a learning problem or attention deficit disorder/attention deficit hyperactivity disorder...
September 19, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918568/brief-report-an-evaluation-of-an-instructional-package-for-teaching-sentence-construction-to-students-with-asd
#19
Robert C Pennington, Jessica Rockhold
In the current study, we investigated the effects of an instructional package on the construction of sentences writing by four children ages 6-9, with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We employed a multiple probe across behaviors design to evaluate the efficacy of the intervention package and also conducted probes to assess generalization and increases in the use of spoken sentences. Data indicated that the package was effective and produced variable levels of maintenance and generalized responding across three of the participants...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906170/developmental-graphemic-buffer-dysgraphia-in-english-a-single-case-study
#20
Kristina Barisic, Saskia Kohnen, Lyndsey Nickels
A single case study is reported of a 10-year-old, English-speaking boy, L.S., who presented with spelling errors similar to those described in acquired graphemic buffer dysgraphia (GBD). We used this case to evaluate the appropriateness of applying adult cognitive models to the investigation of developmental cognitive disorders. The dual-route model of spelling guided this investigation. L.S. primarily made "letter errors" (deletions, additions, substitutions, transpositions, or a combination of these errors) on words and nonwords and in all input (aural and visual) and output modalities (writing, typing, oral spelling); there was also some evidence of a length effect and U-shaped serial position curve...
September 14, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
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