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Aortic valve replacement aortic aneurysm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149323/should-the-dilated-ascending-aorta-be-repaired-at-the-time-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-replacement
#1
Tsuyoshi Kaneko, Prem Shekar, Vladimir Ivkovic, Nicholas T Longford, Chuan-Chin Huang, Martin I Sigurdsson, Robert C Neely, Maroun Yammine, Julius I Ejilofor, Vanessa Montiero Vieira, Jasmine T Shahram, Karam M Habchi, Gregory W Malzberg, Peter S Martin, Jordan Bloom, Eric M Isselbacher, J Daniel Muehlschlegel, Thoralf M Sundt, Simon C Body
OBJECTIVES: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common congenital valvular abnormality and frequently presents with accelerated calcific aortic valve disease, requiring aortic valve replacement (AVR) and thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection. Supporting evidence for Association Guidelines of aortic dimensions for aortic resection is sparse. We sought to determine whether concurrent repair of dilated or aneurysmal aortic disease during AVR in patients with BAV substantially improves morbidity and mortality outcomes...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127746/-surgical-treatment-of-aortic-root-aneurysm-comparison-of-bentall-procedure-and-david-reimplantation-of-aortic-valve
#2
Jiří Ničovský, Jiří Ondrášek, Jan Černý, Daniela Žáková, Petr Němec
INTRODUCTION: The aortic root aneurysm is associated with a more frequent occurrence of aortic dissection and development of aortic regurgitation. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes of composite graft replacement and valve sparing root replacement in treating aortic root aneurysms. METHODS: From January 2006 to December 2015 a total of 137 patients (mean age 46.3 ± 14.5, range 16-65) underwent elective surgery for aortic root aneurysm without valvular structural defects...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096006/treatment-of-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-by-aortic-valve-neocuspidization-using-bovine-pericardium
#3
Yasunori Iida, Kazuma Shimura, Sho Akiyama, Shigeharu Sawa
A 78-year-old man who had undergone aortic valve and ascending aorta replacements presented with fever and was referred to our hospital. Blood culture revealed Gram-positive cocci, thus antibiotic therapy was started. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed fresh cerebral infarction without cerebral haemorrhage or mycotic aneurysm. Transoesophageal echocardiogram revealed a vegetation that was attached to the right coronary cusp. The patient underwent successful aortic valve neocuspidization using glutaraldehyde-treated bovine pericardium...
October 31, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050736/-complicated-transcatheter-aortic-valve-endocarditis-with-abscess-and-pseudoaneurysm-value-of-the-ecg-gated-multidetector-computed-tomography-angiography
#4
S Pichard, G Gibault-Genty, A Vienet-Legue, N Baron, R Convers-Domart, J L Georges, B Livarek
A 80-year-old man was admitted to catheterization room for an acute infero-lateral ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Coronary angiography showed a thrombotic occlusion of the second left marginal branch, and normal other coronary arteries. The thrombo-embolic mechanism of the STEMI, and the infectious context in this patient who had had a transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) two months earlier, led us to suspect a bioprosthesis endocarditis. It was confirmed by transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography, which showed an aortic-mitral curtain abscess and aortic bioprosthesis vegetations, associated to Enterococcus faecalis bacteriemia...
November 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049790/sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysms-with-concomitant-aortic-insufficiency-how-should-the-aortic-valve-be-managed
#5
Yi Lin, Kanhua Yin, Yulin Wang, Changfa Guo, Ziwei Tian, Qiuchen Xie, Zhiqi Zhang, Chunsheng Wang
OBJECTIVES: Sinus of Valsalva aneurysms (SVAs) are rare and are often complicated by aortic insufficiency (AI). Treating AI is important for achieving good long-term results in patients with SVA. Here, we have summarized our experience with the surgical management of patients with SVA with concomitant AI. METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with SVA and underwent surgical treatment between January 2008 and May 2016 were included. Clinical characteristics, including age, gender, SVA anatomy and concurrent anomalies, were analysed...
September 14, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049534/high-frequency-percussive-ventilation-in-cardiac-surgery-patients-failing-mechanical-conventional-ventilation
#6
Ivan Wong, Berhane Worku, Jeremy A Weingarten, Alexander Ivanov, Felix Khusid, Ashwad Afzal, Robert F Tranbaugh, Iosif Gulkarov
OBJECTIVES: Failure of mechanical conventional ventilation (MCV) after cardiac surgery portends a dismal prognosis, with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation frequently utilized as a salvage therapy. We describe our experience with high-frequency percussive ventilation (HFPV) as a rescue therapy for hypoxaemia refractory to MCV after cardiac surgery. METHODS: In a 6-year retrospective analysis from 2009 to 2015, we identified 16 subjects who required HFPV after cardiac surgery...
July 21, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046012/root-aneurysm-following-aortic-valve-replacement-20-years-after-an-arterial-switch-operation
#7
Hikaru Ishii, Shigeyuki Aomi, Hideyuki Tomioka, Etsuji Umeda, Rihito Higashi, Kenji Yamazaki
Late development of annuloaortic ectasia (AAE) and progression of aortic regurgitation (AR) are widely recognized outcomes following an arterial switch operation (ASO). We treated a 29-year-old male with AAE and rapid aortic root expansion, who underwent ASO as a neonate and aortic valve replacement (AVR) as an adult. He was diagnosed as having dextro-(D-loop) transposition of the great arteries after birth and underwent ASO at the age of 13 months. At the age of 19 years, AVR was performed for progressive AR...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026622/lower-extremity-mycotic-aneurysm-in-a-patient-with-listeria-monocytogenes-associated-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis
#8
Elham Rahmati, P Jan Geiseler, Rosemary C She
Introduction.Listeria monocytogenes is a rare etiology of infectious endocarditis with only 30 cases of prosthetic valve and about twice as many native valve infections described in the literature. We describe an unusual presentation of an endovascular embolic phenomenon with associated lower extremity mycotic aneurysm due to Listeria monocytogenes prosthetic aortic valve and aortic endograft infection. Case presentation. This is a case of an elderly gentleman with prior history of bioprosthetic aortic valve placement and aortic arch repair who was admitted with several weeks of constitutional symptoms and left lower leg pain...
May 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987279/long-term-evaluation-of-the-ross-procedure-in-acute-infective-endocarditis
#9
Thomas Ratschiller, Sames-Dolzer Eva, Patrick Paulus, Wolfgang Schimetta, Hannes Müller, Andreas F Zierer, Rudolf Mair
OBJECTIVE: Optimal valve substitute for young patients with aortic valve endocarditis remains controversial. Given its better resistance to infection, the Ross procedure is an attractive alternative to prosthetic valve replacement or homograft implantation. The objective of this study was to assess long-term outcomes of the Ross procedure in this indication. METHODS: From 01/1991 to 04/2017, 190 patients underwent a Ross procedure at our institution. Acute endocarditis was the indication for operation in 19 patients, including 6 patients with a bicuspid aortic valve...
October 5, 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962499/valve-sparing-aortic-root-replacement-in-a-bicuspid-aortic-valve-with-papillary-fibroelastoma
#10
Stoyan Kondov, Fabian Alexander Kari, Martin Czerny, Matthias Siepe
We present our surgical strategy in a patient with a bicuspid aortic valve Type I (R/N), aortic root aneurysm and papillary fibroelastoma on the aortic valve's cusp. He underwent valve-sparing aortic root replacement (David V Procedure); we also removed the papillary fibroelastoma from the fused right- and non-coronary cusp. In this case, we used a 34-mm straight Dacron graft for root replacement and an aortic annulus downsized to 30 mm. We use Hegar dilatators for the intraoperative measurement of the aortic annulus...
October 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960491/aortic-root-replacement-for-bicuspid-aortopathy-following-heart-transplantation
#11
Elizabeth H Stephens, Shinichi Fukuhara, Robert C Neely, Hiroo Takayama
Although donors with well-functioning bicuspid aortic valves (BAV) are not a contraindication for transplantation, BAV patients are at risk for long-term aortopathy and valve dysfunction. We report a case of a patient status-post heart transplant 13 years ago who presented to our institution with a BAV and severe aortic regurgitation associated with an aortic root aneurysm and underwent aortic root replacement.
October 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947226/outcomes-of-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-in-adult-coarctation-patients
#12
Salim Lala, Salvatore T Scali, Robert J Feezor, Satish Chandrekashar, Kristina A Giles, Javairiah Fatima, Scott A Berceli, Martin R Back, Thomas S Huber, Thomas M Beaver, Adam W Beck
BACKGROUND: Aortic coarctation (AC) is most commonly identified in pediatric patients; however, adults can present with late sequelae of untreated coarctation or complications of prior open repair. To date, there are limited data about the role of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in this group of patients. The purpose of this analysis was to describe our experience with management of adult coarctation patients using TEVAR. METHODS: All TEVAR patients treated for primary coarctation or late sequelae of previous open repair (eg, pseudoaneurysm, recurrent coarctation or anastomotic stenosis related to index open coarctation repair) were reviewed...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928251/whipple-s-endocarditis-presenting-as-ulnar-artery-aneurysm-if-you-don-t-look-you-won-t-find
#13
Owen Seddon, Irasha Hettiarachchi
A 54-year-old female patient presented to her local district general hospital with a painful, swollen left arm. Imaging revealed an ulnar artery aneurysm. The aetiology was embolic, with an echocardiogram revealing vegetations on the aortic valve. The patient was treated empirically for 6 weeks with amoxicillin and gentamicin for endocarditis. Eight months later, she had an elective aortic valve replacement for symptomatic aortic regurgitation. The valve was culture negative but analysis by 16S rDNA PCR was positive for Tropheryma whipplei In retrospect, the ulnar artery aneurysm and a history of arthralgia were attributed to an underlying diagnosis of Whipple's endocarditis...
September 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906534/management-of-a-complicated-redo-giant-dissecting-aortic-aneurysm
#14
Ibrahim Kara, Alper Erkin, MHalil Ibrahim Erkengel, Kiyasettin Asil
Giant aortic aneurysm is defined as an aneurysm of the aorta of greater than 10 cm in diameter. This rare condition is associated with a high risk of morbidity and mortality and it may lead to fatal complications such as rupture and/or dissection if not managed with proper surgical planning and expertise. Other than atherosclerosis, the main causes of giant ascending aortic aneurysms include Marfan and Ehlers-Danhlos syndromes. Herein we report on a young male patient who had had an aortic valve replacement five years earlier due to a bicuspid aortic valve leading to aortic failure, accompanied by aortic coarctation...
July 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906134/direct-axillary-artery-cannulation-in-cardiac-surgery-clinical-outcomes
#15
Ilir Hysi, Carlos Renaut, Olivier Fabre
Objective Axillary artery cannulation is still regarded with distrust by surgeons because the artery is supposed to be fragile, difficult to access, and its cannulation is often considered time-consuming. This study was carried out to assess our results in a series of patients, using a simplified surgical approach to axillary artery cannulation. Methods Data were collected retrospectively from our prospective database. All patients operated on in our department between January 2004 and October 2016 and scheduled for various cardiac procedures with direct axillary artery cannulation were included in this study...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894058/-ruptured-aneurysm-of-the-sinus-of-valsalva-accompanied-with-a-bicuspid-aortic-valve-in-an-elderly-man-report-of-a-case
#16
Toshifumi Murase, Susumu Tamura, Yasuhiro Ohzeki, Kunio Ebine
The combination of ruptured aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva and a bicuspid aortic valve is very rare in an elderly person. A 71-year-old man with ruptured aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva and a bicuspid aortic valve had undergone an operation. He was admitted to his other hospital because of heart failure. He was transferred to our hospital to undergo treatment for ruptured aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva. At our hospital, echocardiography findings showed ruptured aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva, a ventricular septal defect (VSD), and severe aortic regurgitation with moderate stenosis of the bicuspid aortic valve...
September 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894052/-three-surgical-cases-of-quadricuspid-aortic-valve
#17
Yoshikazu Motohashi, Takahiro Katsumata, Tatsuya Suzuki, Ryo Shimada, Hayato Konishi, Shinji Fukuhara, Sachiko Kanki, Masahiro Daimon, Hideki Ozawa, Shintaro Nemoto
Quadricuspid aortic valve is a rare congenital disease. We experienced 3 surgical cases of quadricuspid aortic valve. Patient 1 was a 72-year-old man who was noted to have a quadricuspid aortic valve associated with aortic regurgitation and an ascending aortic aneurysm(51 mm in diameter). He underwent replacement of the aortic valve and the ascending aorta. Patient 2 was a 71-year-old man with severe aortic stenosis, regurgitation, and coronary triple vessel disease. He underwent aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting...
September 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838101/valve-sparing-david-i-procedure-in-acute-aortic-type-a-dissection-a-20-year-experience-with-more-than-100-patients
#18
Erik Beckmann, Andreas Martens, Jana Pertz, Tim Kaufeld, Julia Umminger, Jasmin S Hanke, Jan D Schmitto, Serghei Cebotari, Axel Haverich, Malakh Lal Shrestha
OBJECTIVES: The aortic valve-sparing David procedure has been applied to the elective treatment of patients with aortic aneurysms with excellent results. The use of this technique in patients with acute aortic dissection type A (AADA) is still a matter of debate. We present our long-term experience with 109 patients with AADA who had the valve-sparing David I procedure. METHODS: Between July 1993 and October 2015, 109 patients with AADA had the valve-sparing David I procedure at our centre...
August 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780662/bicuspid-aortic-valvulopathy-and-associated-aortopathy-a-review-of-contemporary-studies-relevant-to-clinical-decision-making
#19
REVIEW
Michael H Kwon, Thoralf M Sundt
The bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) phenotype is becoming increasingly recognized as a complex and heterogeneous clinical entity, with some but not all patients developing accelerated degrees of both aortic insufficiency (AI) and aortic stenosis (AS) in comparison to patients with tricuspid aortic valves (TAV). In addition, there remains a well-established association between the BAV phenotype and aortic enlargement independent of valve function as well as progression among some to ascending aortic aneurysm and the attendant concern over risk of aortic dissection...
September 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740678/bicuspid-aortic-root-spared-during-ascending-aorta-surgery-an-update-of-long-term-results
#20
EDITORIAL
Marco Russo, Guglielmo Saitto, Paolo Nardi, Fabio Bertoldo, Carlo Bassano, Antonio Scafuri, Antonio Pellegrino, Giovanni Ruvolo
BACKGROUND: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) aortopathy is well known in literature even if only few data exist regarding isolated supra-coronary aneurysm with normally functioning valve and root. Aim of this study is to clarify the long-term fate of bicuspid aortic root spared at the time of ascending aorta surgery. METHODS: We identified forty-seven patients (mean age, 57±11 y; range, 35-81 y, 31 males) who were treated by means of supracoronary aortic replacement in presence of normally functioning BAV and not significantly enlarged sinues of Valsalva...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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