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Aortic valve replacement aortic aneurysm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762936/bentall%C3%A2-s-procedure-in-pediatric-mixed-connective-tissue-disease-syndrome-management-of-pediatric-aortic-aneurysm-a-brief-review
#1
Krithika Ramaprabhu, Om Prakash, Noveen Davidson, Sanjay Bhalero, Satish Radhakrishnan, Robert Coelho
Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) syndrome in children may lead to large aortic aneurysms, which in turn pose a difficult surgical problem. Valve-sparing root replacement is not always a viable option as the disease process invariably affects the aortic valve leaflets. Among pediatric patients, the Ross procedure is contraindicated on account of weakness of the pulmonary root, while Bentall surgery is the 'gold standard' treatment of aortic aneurysm, with reproducible and excellent long-term results. The case is presented of a three-year-old girl with a large thoracic aortic aneurysm in whom Bentall's surgery was performed, with a good result...
September 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750406/aortic-valve-annuloplasty-with-the-haart-geometric-ring-and-ascending-aorta-replacement
#2
Marek Jasinski, Scott Rankin
Approximately one-third of patients suffering from aortic insufficiency (AI) present also with an ascending aortic aneurysm. AI is most commonly due to a combination of sinotubular junction and annular dilatation. Valve reimplantation or prosthetic valve replacement may not be ideal for these patients, and ascending aortic aneurysm resection with aortic valve repair using geometric internal ring annuloplasty is a simple, successful, and reproducible alternative treatment approach. In this video tutorial we demonstrate aortic valve repair using the HAART 300 annuloplasty ring with concomitant ascending aorta replacement...
May 2, 2018: Multimedia Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery: MMCTS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742534/sutureless-prosthesis-implantation-and-ascending-aorta-replacement-through-a-ministernotomy-approach
#3
Antonio Lio, Matteo Ferrarini, Antonio Miceli, Mattia Glauber
A significant proportion of patients undergoing aortic valve replacement have a dilated ascending aorta; presence of an ascending aorta aneurysm is viewed as a contraindication for sutureless valve implantation for the potential risk of prosthesis dislodgment. We describe our technique of sutureless prosthesis implantation and concomitant ascending aorta replacement through an upper ministernotomy. Seven patients underwent aortic valve replacement with a sutureless prosthesis and concomitant ascending aorta replacement between November 2014 and October 2016...
May 4, 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738368/anti-apoptotic-effect-of-%C3%AE-1-blockers-in-ascending-thoracic-aortic-smooth-muscle-cells-the-role-of-hsp70-expression
#4
Ioannis K Rizos, James N Tsoporis, Ioannis K Toumpoulis, Vasileios Salpeas, Shehla Izhar, Angelos G Rigopoulos, Eleftherios A Sakadakis, Thomas G Parker
Heat shock proteins (HSP) play an important role in the cellular adaptation to stress, a requisite for cell survival. The aortic wall appears to be a target for increased expression of HSP during surgical stress. We aimed to define the expression and function of aortic HSP70 in 31 patients with normal ascending thoracic aortic diameter who underwent aortic valve replacement due to aortic valve stenosis (AVS) and in 35 patients with dilated ascending thoracic aorta who underwent replacement of an ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm (ATAA)...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730345/hemiarch-reconstruction-vs-clamped-aortic-anastomosis-for-concomitant-ascending-aortic-aneurysm
#5
Ibrahim Sultan, Valentino Bianco, Ibrahim Yajzi, Arman Kilic, Keith Dufendach, Arturo Cardounel, Andrew D Althouse, Ahmad Masri, Forozan Navid, Thomas G Gleason
BACKGROUND: Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) is often avoided in patients with concomitant ascending aortic pathology when treating other cardiac disease to avoid increased risk of morbidity and mortality. We hypothesized that the use of DHCA with retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP) does not add incremental risk to ascending aortic replacement alone in the setting of concomitant cardiac surgery. METHODS: 408 ascending aortic ± hemiarch replacements and aortic (root)/mitral/tricuspid valve(s), CABG, or MAZE procedures were performed for concomitant cardiac disease...
May 3, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726037/pseudoaneurysm-formation-after-valve-sparing-root-replacement-in-children-with-loeys-dietz-syndrome
#6
Rui H Liu, Charles D Fraser, Xun Zhou, Duke E Cameron, Luca A Vricella, Narutoshi Hibino
BACKGROUND: Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder predisposing patients to aneurysm formation and arterial dissection. Aortic root replacement is often performed prophylactically and valve-sparing root replacement (VSRR) has become the procedure of choice. However, in these patients with connective tissue disorders, postoperative pseudoaneurysms may develop. METHODS: All children with LDS undergoing VSRR at a single institution were retrospectively reviewed to identify patients who developed postoperative pseudoaneurysms...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704105/branched-thoraco-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-with-branch-access-through-a-transapical-left-ventricular-approach
#7
Amir Helmy, Pedro Catarino, John Dunning, Paul Hayes, Serena Goon, Andrew Winterbottom
Branched thoracic aortic aneurysm repair requires arterial access from above the diaphragm in order to insert the visceral branches. This is routinely performed from the subclavian, axillary or carotid arteries and less commonly direct thoracic aorta puncture. The left ventricular apex is an alternative access route which is commonly used for percutaneous aortic valve replacement and rarely used for EVAR, FEVAR and TEVAR access. Here we describe two patients for which the left ventricular apex was the most suitable available access to the visceral branches during a branched thoracic aortic aneurysm repair...
April 27, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701398/trauma-an-unusual-cause-of-endocarditis
#8
Ana Braga, Marta Marques, Miguel Abecacis, José Pedro Neves
INTRODUCTION: Infective endocarditis (IE) remains a dangerous condition with considerable associated mortality. Usual risk factors for IE include the presence of a prosthetic heart valve, structural or congenital heart disease, intravenous drug use, and a recent history of invasive procedures. METHODS: The authors describe the case report of a patient with IE having trauma as an unusual risk factor. RESULTS: A 33-year old male patient was referred to our department due to infective endocarditis...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701394/ascending-aorta-aneyrysms-over-70mm
#9
Jorge Pinheiro Santos, Álvaro Laranjeira, António Cruz Tomás, Daniela Varela-Afonso, José Fragata
INTRODUCTION: Current guidelines suggest that patients with aortic diameter over 55-60 mm should undergo ascending aorta replacement, depending on associated valve pathology and other comorbidities. Studies show that the risk of aortic rupture over 60 mm is over 30%. Even though, we still receive in our practice patients that present with aneurysms of greater dimensions. The aim of our study is to evaluate the surgical outcomes of patients presenting with ascending aorta with diameter larger than 70 mm...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701390/ascending-aorta-aneurysms-in-octogenarians
#10
Jorge Pinheiro Santos, Álvaro Laranjeira, António Cruz Tomás, Daniela Varela-Afonso, José Fragata
INTRODUCTION: Older age is often regarded as a relative contraindication for open surgery for aortic aneurysms. These individuals often have a greater comorbidity burden that predispose them for development of postoperative complications. The aim of our study is to evaluate the surgical outcomes of selected octogenarians after open aortic surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study. We collected data from patients operated on by our team between January of 2012 to September of 2017...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698663/fate-of-the-aortic-arch-following-surgery-on-aortic-root-and-ascending-aorta-in-bicuspid-aortic-valve
#11
Rajdeep Bilkhu, Pouya Youssefi, Gopal Soppa, Panagiotis Theodoropoulos, Simon Phillips, Bernard Liban, Anne Child, Maite Tome, Justin Nowell, Rajan Sharma, Mark Edsell, Marjan Jahangiri
BACKGROUND: Recent guidelines support more aggressive surgery for aneurysms of the ascending aorta and root in patients with bicuspid aortic valve. However, the fate of the arch after surgery of the root and ascending aorta is unknown. We set out to assess outcomes following root and ascending aortic surgery and subsequent growth of the arch. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2016, 536 consecutive patients underwent surgery for aneurysm of the root and ascending aorta. 168 had bicuspid aortic valve...
April 23, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697781/ascending-aortic-aneurysm-repair-44-years-after-starr-edwards-caged-ball-aortic-valve-replacement
#12
Gabrielle E Hatton, Akiko Tanaka, Anthony L Estrera
We report a case of ascending aortic aneurysm repair and redo aortic valve replacement with a bioprosthesis 44 years after aortic valve replacement with a Starr-Edwards metal caged-ball prosthesis. The patient presented with a moderately stenotic caged-ball valve and a 50-mm ascending aortic aneurysm on a routine follow-up transthoracic echocardiography. We replaced the valve with a bioprosthesis at the time of aortic repair as the patient wished to stop anticoagulation therapy. Intraoperatively, we found that the cloth covering of the cage was nearly completely destroyed...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682470/aortic-valve-insufficiency-in-aortic-root-aneurysms-consider-every-valve-for-repair
#13
REVIEW
Talal Al-Atassi, Munir Boodhwani
Aortic valve (AV) preservation and repair is emerging as an attractive alternative to AV replacement in younger patients with aortic insufficiency (AI) and aortic root aneurysms. AV repair mitigates some of the risks associated with prosthetic valves. More centers are reporting the safety of AV preservation and repair and favorable short- and long-term outcomes. However, further work is needed to improve long-term repair durability and dissemination of knowledge and technique to make AV repair the gold standard in this patient population...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656818/the-aortic-root-does-not-dilate-over-time-after-replacement-of-the-aortic-valve-and-ascending-aorta-in-patients-with-bicuspid-or-tricuspid-aortic-valves
#14
Sonya K Hui, Chun-Po Steve Fan, Shakira Christie, Christopher M Feindel, Tirone E David, Maral Ouzounian
OBJECTIVE: Whether the aortopathy associated with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease occurs secondary to genetic or hemodynamic factors remains controversial. In this article we describe the natural history of the aortic root in patients with bicuspid versus tricuspid aortic valves (TAVs) after replacement of the aortic valve and ascending aorta. METHODS: From 1990 to 2010, 406 patients (269 BAV, 137 TAV) underwent aortic valve and ascending aorta replacement at a single institution...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643124/myocardial-ischemia-as-a-result-of-external-coronary-compression-from-infective-aortic-root-aneurysm-atypical-presentation-of-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis
#15
Baskar Sekar, Richard Wheeler, Navroz Masani, Sean Gallagher
This case describes an unusual presentation of prosthetic valve endocarditis: an acute coronary syndrome. A 67-year-old gentleman presented with cardiac sounding chest pain on a background of a short history of night sweats, weight loss and general malaise. Four months previously he had undergone bio-prosthetic aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis and single vessel bypass grafting of the obtuse marginal. Whilst having chest pain his ECG showed infero-lateral ST depression. Early coronary angiography revealed a new right coronary artery lesion that was not present prior to his cardiac surgery...
April 11, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642797/recurrent-aortic-dissection-in-a-patient-with-an-actin-mutation-treated-with-a-laser-fenestrated-aortic-arch-stent-graft
#16
J Michael Cullen, Gorav Ailawadi, John F Angle, Matthew Thomas, Gilbert R Upchurch
A 58-year-old African American female, who had previously undergone a valve-sparing aortic root replacement for a type A dissection, represented 2 months later with a new focal dissection and aneurysm with intramural hematoma just distal to the origin of the left subclavian artery. Since no landing zone distal to the subclavian artery existed, the patient underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair with laser fenestration-aided stent-graft placement in the left subclavian artery. The patient recovered without complication, and 52 months later, she is doing well with normal renal function and ambulatory status...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629554/single-stage-thoracic-aortic-replacement-and-aortic-valve-replacement-via-clamshell-thoracotomy
#17
Thomas Schachner
Aortic surgery is sometimes complicated by aortic arch anomalies. This tutorial illustrates the technique of single-stage thoracic aorta replacement and aortic valve replacement via a clamshell thoracotomy in acute aortic arch dissection with proximal aneurysms of the left subclavian artery and an aberrant right subclavian artery. The advantage of this technique is that only brief partial hypothermic circulatory arrest is required and the procedure can be performed with one quadrifurcated tube graft.
February 20, 2018: Multimedia Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery: MMCTS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615334/emergency-valve-sparing-aortic-root-replacement-and-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-for-giant-left-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysm-presenting-as-acute-coronary-syndrome
#18
Albert J Pedroza, Zachary E Brewer, Anson M Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569281/ruptured-mitral-valve-aneurysm-a-devastating-complication-of-aortic-valve-endocarditis
#19
Shokoufeh Hajsadeghi, Mehrab Marzban, Pegah Joghataie, Aida Iranpour
Mitral valve aneurysm is a rare clinical entity that is mostly resulted from infective endocarditis, in particular, aortic valve endocarditis. Once mitral valve aneurysm ruptures and severe mitral regurgitation and hemodynamic instability develop, prompt surgery should be considered. Here we report a patient with ruptured mitral valve aneurysm associated with native aortic valve endocarditis that was improved after a successful mitral and aortic valve replacement surgery associated with antibiotic therapy for 6 weeks...
March 22, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552039/left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation-with-concomitant-aortic-valve-and-ascending-aortic-replacement
#20
Katharina Huenges, Bernd Panholzer, Jochen Cremer, Assad Haneya
Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is nowadays a routine therapy for patients with advanced heart failure. We present the case of a 74-year-old male patient who was admitted to our center with terminal heart failure in dilated cardiomyopathy and ascending aortic aneurysm with aortic valve regurgitation. The LVAD implantation with simultaneous aortic valve and supracoronary ascending aortic replacement was successfully performed.
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
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