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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793201/positive-effects-of-an-oil-adjuvant-on-efficacy-dissipation-and-safety-of-pyrimethanil-and-boscalid-on-greenhouse-strawberry
#1
Zhiwei Wang, Xinquan Wang, Tao Cang, Xueping Zhao, Shenggan Wu, Peipei Qi, Xiangyun Wang, Xiahong Xu, Qiang Wang
Methylated vegetable oil adjuvants can enhance initial deposition and decrease the required dosages of pesticides sprayed on plants, so an oil adjuvant mixed with fungicides were used to prevent and control gray mold in greenhouse strawberry. As the persistence and dietary exposure risks from fungicides on strawberries after using adjuvants have not been assessed, the efficacy, dissipation and safety of pyrimethanil and boscalid in the presence and absence of a methylated vegetable oil adjuvant were evaluated...
May 21, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793079/shifts-in-wind-energy-potential-following-land-use-driven-vegetation-dynamics-in-complex-terrain
#2
Jiannong Fang, Alexander Peringer, Mihai-Sorin Stupariu, Ileana Pǎtru-Stupariu, Alexandre Buttler, Francois Golay, Fernando Porté-Agel
Many mountainous regions with high wind energy potential are characterized by multi-scale variabilities of vegetation in both spatial and time dimensions, which strongly affect the spatial distribution of wind resource and its time evolution. To this end, we developed a coupled interdisciplinary modeling framework capable of assessing the shifts in wind energy potential following land-use driven vegetation dynamics in complex mountain terrain. It was applied to a case study area in the Romanian Carpathians...
May 21, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792952/anticancer-mechanism-of-sinapic-acid-in-pc-3-and-lncap-human-prostate-cancer-cell-lines
#3
Canan Eroğlu, Ebru Avcı, Hasibe Vural, Ercan Kurar
Sinapic acid (SA) is a derivative of hydroxycinnamic acid and found in various vegetables and fruit species. Aim was to evaluate the anticancer effects of SA in PC-3 and LNCaP human prostate cancer cells. The effect of SA on cell viability was determined using XTT assay. Expressions of 8 genes for apoptosis and 6 genes for metastasis were evaluated by qPCR. Caspase-3 activity was determined using caspase-3 colorimetric assay kit. Effect of SA on cell invasion was evaluated with cell invasion assay. The IC50 dose of SA in PC-3 and LNCaP cells was found to be 1000 μM for 72 h...
May 21, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792947/trail-attenuates-sulforaphane-mediated-nrf2-and-sustains-ros-generation-leading-to-apoptosis-of-trail-resistant-human-bladder-cancer-cells
#4
Cheng-Yun Jin, Ilandarage Menu Neelaka Molagoda, Wisurumuni Arachchilage Hasitha Maduranga Karunarathne, Sang-Hyuck Kang, Cheol Park, Gi-Young Kim, Yung Hyun Choi
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) can preferentially initiate apoptosis in malignant cells with minimal toxicity to normal cells. Unfortunately, many human cancer cells are refractory to TRAIL-induced apoptosis through many unknown mechanisms. Here, we report that TRAIL resistance can be reversed in human bladder cancer cell lines by treatment with sulforaphane (SFN), a well-known chemopreventive isothiocyanate in various cruciferous vegetables. Combined treatment with SFN and TRAIL (SFN/TRAIL) significantly induced apoptosis concomitant with activation of caspases, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), Bid truncation, and induction of death receptor 5...
May 21, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792573/inherent-resistance-to-14%C3%AE-demethylation-inhibitor-fungicides-in-colletotrichum-truncatum-is-likely-linked-to-cyp51a-and-or-cyp51b-gene-variants
#5
Shuning Chen, Yunyun Wang, Guido Schnabel, Congyue Annie Peng, Satyanarayana Lagishetty, Kerry Smith, Chao-Xi Luo, Huizhu Yuan
Anthracnose disease, caused by Colletotrichum truncatum, affects marketable yield during preharvest production and postharvest storage of fruits and vegetables worldwide. Demethylation inhibitor fungicides (DMIs) are among the very few chemical classes of single-site mode of action fungicides that are effective in controlling anthracnose disease. However, some species are inherently resistant to DMIs and more information is needed to understand this phenomenon. Isolates of C. truncatum were collected from the USA and China from peach, soybean, citrus, and begonia and sensitivity to six DMIs (difenoconazole, propiconazole, metconazole, tebuconazole, flutriafol and fenbuconazole) was determined...
May 24, 2018: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792202/the-effects-of-a-lifestyle-focused-text-messaging-intervention-on-adherence-to-dietary-guideline-recommendations-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-an-analysis-of-the-text-me-study
#6
Karla Santo, Karice Hyun, Laura de Keizer, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Graham S Hillis, John Chalmers, Julie Redfern, Clara K Chow
BACKGROUND: A healthy diet is an important component of secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD). The TEXT ME study was a randomised clinical trial of people with CHD that were randomised into standard care or a text-message programme in addition to standard care. This analysis aimed to: 1) assess the effects of the intervention onadherence to the dietary guideline recommendations; 2) assess the consistency of effect across sub-groups; and 3) assess whether adherence to the dietary guideline recommendations mediated the improvements in objective clinical outcomes...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792158/landraces-of-snake-melon-an-ancient-middle-eastern-crop-reveal-extensive-morphological-and-dna-diversity-for-potential-genetic-improvement
#7
Samer Omari, Yuri Kamenir, Jennifer I C Benichou, Sarah Pariente, Hanan Sela, Rafael Perl-Treves
BACKGROUND: Snake melon (Cucumis melo var. flexuosus, "Faqqous") is a traditional and ancient vegetable in the Mediterranean area. A collection of landraces from 42 grower fields in Israel and Palestinian territories was grown and characterized in a "Common Garden" rain-fed experiment, at the morphological-horticultural and molecular level using seq-DArT markers. RESULTS: The different landraces ("populations") showed extensive variation in morphology and quantitative traits such as yield and femaleness, and clustered into four horticultural varieties...
May 23, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791880/dietary-cadmium-intake-from-rice-and-vegetables-and-potential-health-risk-a-case-study-in-xiangtan-southern-china
#8
Hongping Chen, Xinping Yang, Peng Wang, Zixuan Wang, Ming Li, Fang-Jie Zhao
Soil contamination in some areas of southern China has resulted in elevated dietary intake of cadmium (Cd), posing a potential risk to human health. A survey of paired soil-rice (n = 200) and soil-vegetable (n = 142) samples was conducted in Xiangtan county of Hunan province, southern China. The concentrations of Cd in all the samples were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Dietary intakes of Cd from the consumption of locally produced rice and vegetables were estimated for different age groups...
May 20, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791675/development-of-a-diet-quality-index-adapted-for-pregnant-women
#9
Lívia Castro Crivellenti, Daniela Cristina Candelas Zuccolotto, Daniela Saes Sartorelli
OBJECTIVE: To develop a Diet Quality Index Adapted for Pregnant Women (IQDAG) and to evaluate its relation with the characteristics of women treated at the Brazilian Unified Health System. METHODS: The data on food intake come from a cross-sectional study carried out with 785 adult pregnant women in the city of Ribeirão Preto, state of São Paulo, Brazil, between 2011 and 2012. The index was based on the recommendations of the Brazilian Ministry of Health, previous national dietary indexes, and the new Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791530/consumption-of-vegetables-and-their-relation-with-ultra-processed-foods-in-brazil
#10
Daniela Silva Canella, Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Rafael Moreira Claro, Janaina Calu Costa, Daniel Henrique Bandoni, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Ana Paula Bortoletto Martins
OBJECTIVE To characterize the household purchase and the individual consumption of vegetables in Brazil and to analyze their relation with the consumption of ultra-processed foods. METHODS We have used data on the purchase of food for household consumption and individual consumption from the 2008-2009 Brazilian Household Budget Survey. The Brazilian Household Budget Survey studied the purchase of food of 55,970 households and the food consumption of 34,003 individuals aged 10 years and over. The foods of interest in this study were vegetables (excluding roots and tubers) and ultra-processed foods...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791529/prevalence-and-correlates-of-insufficient-physical-activity-in-school-adolescents-in-peru
#11
Bimala Sharma, Rosemary Cosme Chavez, Eun Woo Nam
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence and correlates of insufficient physical activity in adolescents in Peru. METHODS We used a self-administered questionnaire developed from Global school-based Student Health Survey to collect information from secondary school students in North Lima and Callao in 2015. We carried out Poisson regression with robust variance using generalized linear models to estimate the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (APR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of insufficient physical activity for its correlates...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791496/pbp2b-plays-a-key-role-in-both-peripheral-growth-and-septum-positioning-in-lactococcus-lactis
#12
Blandine David, Marie-Clémence Duchêne, Gabrielle Laurie Haustenne, Daniel Pérez-Núñez, Marie-Pierre Chapot-Chartier, Xavier De Bolle, Eric Guédon, Pascal Hols, Bernard Hallet
Lactococcus lactis is an ovoid bacterium that forms filaments during planktonic and biofilm lifestyles by uncoupling cell division from cell elongation. In this work, we investigate the role of the leading peptidoglycan synthase PBP2b that is dedicated to cell elongation in ovococci. We show that the localization of a fluorescent derivative of PBP2b remains associated to the septal region and superimposed with structural changes of FtsZ during both vegetative growth and filamentation indicating that PBP2b remains intimately associated to the division machinery during the whole cell cycle...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791471/brown-bear-ursus-arctos-attacks-resulting-in-human-casualties-in-scandinavia-1977-2016-management-implications-and-recommendations
#13
Ole-Gunnar Støen, Andrés Ordiz, Veronica Sahlén, Jon M Arnemo, Solve Sæbø, Glenn Mattsing, Magnus Kristofferson, Sven Brunberg, Jonas Kindberg, Jon E Swenson
Human persecution and habitat loss have endangered large carnivore populations worldwide, but some are recovering, exacerbating old conflicts. Carnivores can injure and kill people; the most dramatic form of wildlife-human conflict. In Scandinavia, the brown bear (Ursus arctos) population increased from ~500 bears in 1977 to ~3300 in 2008, with an increase in injuries, fatalities, and public fear of bear attacks. We reviewed media coverage and interviewed victims to explore how bear population trends, hunter education, and other factors may have influenced the number of injuries and fatalities in Scandinavia from 1977 to 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791314/analgesic-anti-inflammatory-and-anti-arthritic-properties-of-aqueous-and-methanolic-stem-bark-extracts-from-nauclea-pobeguinii-rubiacee-in-rats
#14
Mbiantcha Marius, Tsafack Eric Gonzal, Ateufack Gilbert, Nana Yousseu William, Bomba Tatsinkou Francis Désiré, Djuichou Nguemnang Stephanie Flore, Mbankou Ngassam Sorelle, Wego Kamgaing Marius Tresor
Background Nauclea pobeguinii is a plant species found in the centre region of Cameroon. The stem bark of this plant is traditionally used to ease pain and cure inflammation. Method This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of doses 150 and 300 mg/kg of the aqueous and methanolic stem bark extracts from Nauclea pobeguinii on acute pain, acute and chronic inflammation induced by formalin and arthritis induced by zymosan A in rats. Oxidative stress parameters such as catalase, malondialdehyde and nitric oxide were measured in rats subjected to chronic inflammation...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790507/a-novel-liquid-chromatography-detector-based-on-a-dielectric-barrier-discharge-molecular-emission-spectrometer-with-online-microwave-assisted-hydrolysis-for-determination-of-dithiocarbamates
#15
Bingjun Han, Ya Li, Bing Qian, Yan He, Lixu Peng, Huamei Yu
A novel detector for liquid chromatography (LC) for the determination of dithiocarbamate (DTC) fungicides is presented with a miniaturized dielectric barrier discharge-microplasma molecular emission spectrometer and an online microwave-assisted hydrolysis reactor. DTCs in the sample/standard solutions together with SnCl2 were pumped to the reactor to be converted to CS2 with high efficiency, which was then separated from the liquid phase and transformed for the detection of the specific molecular emission at 257...
May 23, 2018: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790233/factors-regulating-carbon-sinks-in-mangrove-ecosystems
#16
Shi-Bo Li, Po-Hung Chen, Jih-Sheng Huang, Mei-Li Hsueh, Li-Yung Hsieh, Chen-Lu Lee, Hsing-Juh Lin
Mangroves are recognized as one of the richest carbon storage systems. However, the factors regulating carbon sinks in mangrove ecosystems are still unclear, particularly in the subtropical mangroves. The biomass, production, litterfall, detrital export and decomposition of the dominant mangrove vegetation in subtropical (Kandelia obovata) and tropical (Avicennia marina) Taiwan were quantified from October 2011 to July 2014 to construct the carbon budgets. Despite the different tree species, a principal component analysis revealed the site or environmental conditions had a greater influence than the tree species on the carbon processes...
May 23, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789709/consumption-of-green-tea-but-not-coffee-is-associated-with-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-an-older-japanese-population-kyoto-kameoka-cross-sectional-study
#17
Hinako Nanri, Yosuke Yamada, Aya Itoi, Emi Yamagata, Yuya Watanabe, Tsukasa Yoshida, Motoko Miyake, Heiwa Date, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Takeshi Kikutani, Misaka Kimura
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The consumption of both green tea and coffee is known to induce positive health effects; however, it remains unclear whether there is an association between the consumption of these beverages and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Thus, the present study investigated the relationship between the consumption of green tea and coffee and OHRQoL. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional baseline data in 2012. The subjects were 7514 Japanese participants (3563 men, 3951 women; ≥65 years of age)...
May 23, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789673/peatland-vegetation-composition-and-phenology-drive-the-seasonal-trajectory-of-maximum-gross-primary-production
#18
Matthias Peichl, Michal Gažovič, Ilse Vermeij, Eefje de Goede, Oliver Sonnentag, Juul Limpens, Mats B Nilsson
Gross primary production (GPP) is a key driver of the peatland carbon cycle. Although many studies have explored the apparent GPP under natural light conditions, knowledge of the maximum GPP at light-saturation (GPPmax ) and its spatio-temporal variation is limited. This information, however, is crucial since GPPmax essentially constrains the upper boundary for apparent GPP. Using chamber measurements combined with an external light source across experimental plots where vegetation composition was altered through long-term (20-year) nitrogen addition and artificial warming, we could quantify GPPmax in-situ and disentangle its biotic and abiotic controls in a boreal peatland...
May 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789671/wild-and-domesticated-moringa-oleifera-differ-in-taste-glucosinolate-composition-and-antioxidant-potential-but-not-myrosinase-activity-or-protein-content
#19
Gwen M Chodur, Mark E Olson, Kristina L Wade, Katherine K Stephenson, Wasif Nouman, Garima, Jed W Fahey
Taste drives consumption of foods. The tropical tree Moringa oleifera is grown worldwide as a protein-rich leafy vegetable and for the medicinal value of its phytochemicals, in particular its glucosinolates, which can lead to a pronounced harsh taste. All studies to date have examined only cultivated, domestic variants, meaning that potentially useful variation in wild type plants has been overlooked. We examine whether domesticated and wild type M. oleifera differ in myrosinase or glucosinolate levels, and whether these different levels impact taste in ways that could affect consumption...
May 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788941/are-we-really-eating-well-with-canada-s-food-guide
#20
Joyce J Slater, Adriana N Mudryj
BACKGROUND: Canada's Food Guide (CFG) has been an important health promotion tool for over seventy years. The most recent version was released in 2007. This study examined Canadians' exposure to, knowledge, and use of CFG. METHODS: Data came from the Canadian Community Health Survey's Rapid Response on the Awareness and Usage of Canada's Food Guide, which included 10,098 Canadians ≥12 y in all ten provinces. Questions were asked on familiarity, awareness and usage of CFG and Canada's Food Guide for First Nations, Inuit and Métis, as well as healthy eating principles and behaviours...
May 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
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