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Jacob S Brady, Stuti V Desai, Meghan M Crippen, Jean Anderson Eloy, Yuriy Gubenko, Soly Baredes, Richard Chan Woo Park
Importance: Prolonged anesthesia and operative times have deleterious effects on surgical outcomes in a variety of procedures. However, data regarding the influence of anesthesia duration on microvascular reconstruction of the head and neck are lacking. Objective: To examine the association of anesthesia duration with complications after microvascular reconstruction of the head and neck. Design, Setting, and Participants: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was used to collect data...
October 5, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
B Müller, T Schmidt, O Guntinas-Lichius
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Daniel Dikman, Deborah Elstein, Gal Schtrechman Levi, Sorina Granovsky-Grisaru, Arnon Samueloff, Yaacov Gozal, Alexander Ioscovich
OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to correlate the use of regional analgesia/anasthesia among women with different degrees of thrombocytopenia relative to women with normal platelet counts, and note maternal and neonatal outcome, and mode of delivery. METHODS: A case-control paradigm was developed based on women who delivered during 2007-2011 with platelet counts ≤80 000/mm(3). For each woman in this "severe" thrombocytopenic group, an age- and parity-matched control was found who delivered a singleton within the same year but whose platelets were either 81 000-150 000/mm(3) ("moderate" thrombocytopenia) or ≥151 000/mm(3) (normal platelet counts)...
April 2014: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: The purpose of the study is to identify the mechanisms and degree of hemodynamic disturbances during anesthesia in children with CSIP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 70 patients in the age from 3 to 17 years were divided into 2 groups by type of anesthesia: general and combined epidural anesthesia. We estimated changes in central hemodynamics at the stages of anesthesia and surgery with the help of rheographic monitor Diamnant M. THE RESULTS: Hemodynamic changes found in all groups, indicates the anasthesia drugs impact in the conditions of the decreased adaptative-compensatory possibilities of the circulation system...
January 2012: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
A M Stochik, S N Zatravkin
Reforms of therapy in 1840-1860s are considered: development of the methods of objective assessment of efficacy of some methods of treatment, appearance of experimental pharmacology, introduction of anasthesia.
2012: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Mônica Maria Siaulys Capel Cardoso, Fabio V Papa, Roberta F Vieira, Mário M Kondo, Marcelo Luis Abramides Torres
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adding subarachnoid clonidine (an alpha -agonist) prolongs the analgesic effect of the combination of sufentanil and isobaric bupivacaine when combined during labor analgesia. The aim of this study was to compare the quality and duration of the analgesia as well as the incidence of side-effects after the addition of subarachnoid clonidine to hyperbaric bupivacaine and sufentanil in a combined spinal-epidural analgesia during labor. METHODS: Twenty-six patients, physical status ASA I in full-term pregnancy were studied...
April 2006: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Azhar Khan, Paul Abrams
OBJECTIVE: To explore, by an audit, the regional practice of inserting a suprapubic catheter (SPC), and to prospectively determine the proportion of patients that can be successfully managed on an outpatient basis in one department. METHODS: Both local and regional practice were determined by a retrospective analysis of the hospital database for all cases of SPC insertion between April 2005 and March 2006. In addition, a questionnaire was e-mailed to each of 11 urology departments...
March 2009: BJU International
A Baydin, C Cokluk, K Aydin
The aim of this experimental study was to evaluate the effectivity of epidural microballoon inflation into the unroofed spinal column for the creation of a new experimental spinal cord injury model in rabbits. 10 New Zealand white rabbits were used for this study. Before operation and after anasthesia with 50 mg/kg ketamine and 8 mg/kg xylazine, spinal evoked potentials (SEP) were recorded in all rabbits. A midline skin incision was done on the lomber skin at the level of L1-L4. Paravertebral muscles were dissected bilaterally...
June 2007: Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery: MIN
Aubert Agostini, Thomas De Lapparent, Emmanuelle Collette, Mariane Capelle, Ludovic Cravello, Bernard Blanc
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian endometrioma recurrence is frequent. Conventional treatment of ovarian endometrioma is by surgical cystectomy. We proposed an alternative medical treatment for recurrent ovarian endometrioma: cyst aspiration followed by in situ methotrexate injection. STUDY DESIGN: From January 2002 to May 2003, 14 patients with recurrent homolateral ovarian endometrioma underwent transvaginal ultrasound guided cyst puncture and aspiration followed by methotrexate injection, whilst under general anasthesia...
January 2007: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1960: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 1965: Medical Journal of Australia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 1953: La Semaine des Hôpitaux: Organe Fondé Par L'Association D'enseignement Médical des Hôpitaux de Paris
Sheree Cairney, Alan R Clough, Paul Maruff, Alex Collie, Bart J Currie, Jon Currie
Kava is an extract from the Piper methysticum Forst. f. plant that has been consumed in the Pacific islands for millennia and more recently, among indigenous populations, in northern Australia and throughout the Western world as an herbal medicine. Through alterations on neuronal excitation, kava induces muscle relaxation, anasthesia, and has anxiolytic properties. There have been several isolated reports of psychotic syndromes, severe choreoathetosis and possible seizures following kava use. However, there is no conclusive evidence that kava interferes with normal cognitive processes...
February 2003: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
D Breitmeier, T Passie, F Mansouri, K Albrecht, W J Kleemann
We present a rare case of an autoerotic accident involving a fatal combination of asphyxia by suffocation and intoxication with self-administered intravenous ketamine. Of note in this case is the fact that the victim was an emergency medical technician. Ketamine causes complete analgesia with superficial unconciousness and amnesia called "dissociative anasthesia". Futhermore low anaesthetic doses of ketamine induce alterations in mood, cognition and body image and the substance is an emerging drug of abuse...
April 2002: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Iu V Biriukov, O V Volkov, V K An, E Iu Borisov, A N Dodina
The analysis of treatment results in 112 patients with foreign bodies in the rectum, aged from 16 to 80 years, was carried out. 99.1% of the patients were men. All the patients were examined and treated in proctology department of the Moscow municipal clinical hospital N 67 from 1969 to 1998. The examination was made by standard scheme, including rectal touch, rectoromanoscopy, X-ray and ultrasonic examinations. In 107 patients the foreign body was removed without surgery, 5 patients required laparotomy. When possible it was removed by fingers and also with use of forceps...
2000: Khirurgiia
J D Knighton, M D Stoneham
We conducted a postal questionnaire survey of the members of the Vascular Anasthesia Society of Great Britain and Ireland, asking questions about the provision of anasthesia for carotid endartectomy. Of 215 respondents, 187 were currently providing anasthesia for carotid endarterectomy. The majority of respondents (69%) always use general anasthesia for this operation but 99/215 (46%) had some experience of regional anasthesia for carotid endartectomy. Amongst those currently using regional anasthesia, combined deep and superficial cervical plexus block was the technique used by 71%...
May 2000: Anaesthesia
S E Plastow, J E Hall, S C Pugh
Sevoflurane induction of anasthesia has been examined extensively, but little is known about the usefulness of other drugs as adjuncts to hasten and smooth the process. Sixty patients, undergoing surgery of a type suitable for a spontaneous respiration, laryngeal mask airway anasthetic technique, were randomly allocated to receive 1.0 intravenous fentanyl or the equivalent volume of normal saline, 30 s prior to triple-breath induction with sevoflurane. The study was double-blind. There were no differences between the groups for the times to loss of eyelash reflex, jaw relaxation, insertion of the laryngeal mask airway or regular settled breathing...
May 2000: Anaesthesia
D Breslin, J Reid, A Hayes, R K Mirakhur
A patient with a known history of myotubular myopathy presented for surgery for insertion of a tibial nail. Anasthesia was induced and maintained using an intravenous anasthetic technique. Neuromuscular function was assessed using mechanomyography, which showed a profound reduction in muscle contractility. In view of this, the use of muscle relaxants was avoided altogether. Nerve conduction was normal but electromyography showed small motor units, with generalised distribution, suggesting mild to moderately severe myopathy...
May 2000: Anaesthesia
A Brookes, A Moriarty
We describe an infant who presented with a combination of upper airway obstruction and atlanto-axial subluxation, secondary to a pharyngeal abscess resulting from cosmetic ear piercing. This combination posed a number of difficulties for the anasthetist and a detailed plan was formulated to prepare the child for anasthesia.
May 2000: Anaesthesia
C Ayoub, M M Itani, A Lteif, A Baraka
We describe a modification to the Guedel airway that improves suction and oxygenation during fibreoptic bronchoscopy. The entire roof of a Guedel airway was removed. Two 2.5-mm internal diameter tracheal tubes were inserted into the modified airway to allow continuous oxygen delivery and suction throughout fibreoptic bronchoscopy. It was tested as a single-use device in ten patients undergoing awake fibreoptic bronchoscopy under sedation and topical anasthesia. During the procedure there were no problems with either fogging of the lens or secretions in the pharynx...
May 2000: Anaesthesia
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