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Opuntia ficus-indica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991802/cactus-opuntia-as-natural-flocculant-for-urban-wastewater-treatment
#1
Raouen Rachdi, Feyda Srarfi, Najet Slim Shimi
The cactus tree, species Opuntia ficus-indica, is a primary material of many products in various domains such as cosmetics, medicine and nutrition. In the present work, we assess its potential as a flocculant. We tried a technique which adopts three sequential treatments that used coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation processes under certain operating conditions. For this purpose, we used the aluminum sulfate (AS) as coagulant and fresh cladodes juice (FCJ) as bioflocculant. All tests were carried out on high turbid urban wastewater collected from the Metlaoui's Wastewater Treatment Plant (MWTP) (in Gafsa in southwest Tunisia)...
October 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991272/%C3%A3-ndice-gluc%C3%A3-mico-y-carga-gluc%C3%A3-mica-en-el-fruto-de-la-especie-vegetal-opuntia-ficus-indica
#2
María de Jesús Ibarra-Salas, Hilda Irene Novelo-Huerta, Marcela Alejandra De León-Salas, Mayra Elisa Sánchez-Murillo, María Del Carmen Mata-Obregón, Aurora de Jesús Garza-Juárez
other: Existe evidencia que apoya la utilidad clínica de que el índice glucémico (IG) y la carga glucémica (CG) podrían ser importantes en la prevención de enfermedades crónicas. Objetivo: Determinar el IG y la CG del fruto de Opuntia ficus-indica (tuna). Metodología: Se realizó un estudio analítico, transversal, con 25 voluntarios sanos con valores normales de índice de masa corporal, glucosa, hemoglobina glucosilada, colesterol y triglicéridos séricos, que mediante consentimiento informado aceptaron participar...
2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958509/optimization-of-enzymatic-extraction-of-pectin-from-opuntia-ficus-indica-cladodes-after-mucilage-removal
#3
Nadia Bayar, Marwa Friji, Radhouane Kammoun
In this study, pectin was isolated from Opuntia ficus indica (OFI) cladodes after removing mucilage using the xylanase and cellulase. The process variables were optimized by the Box Behnken design with three factors at three levels. The optimal extraction condition obtained was: liquid to solid (LS), cellulase to xylanase and enzymes to matter ratios of 22ml/g, 2:1U/U and 4U/g, respectively. The simulated extraction yield of 17.91% was validated by the experimental result (16.67±0.30). The enzyme-extracted pectin from OFI cladodes (EAEPC) was low methylated, with a high uronic acid content, a water and oil holding capacity of 5...
February 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950140/hydrothermal-carbonization-of-opuntia-ficus-indica-cladodes-role-of-process-parameters-on-hydrochar-properties
#4
Maurizio Volpe, Jillian L Goldfarb, Luca Fiori
Opuntia ficus-indica cladodes are a potential source of solid biofuel from marginal, dry land. Experiments assessed the effects of temperature (180-250°C), reaction time (0.5-3h) and biomass to water ratio (B/W; 0.07-0.30) on chars produced via hydrothermal carbonization. Multivariate linear regression demonstrated that the three process parameters are critically important to hydrochar solid yield, while B/W drives energy yield. Heating value increased together with temperature and reaction time and was maximized at intermediate B/W (0...
September 11, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946223/impact-of-cooking-process-on-nutritional-composition-and-antioxidants-of-cactus-cladodes-opuntia-ficus-indica
#5
Elsy De Santiago, Maite Domínguez-Fernández, Concepción Cid, María-Paz De Peña
The impact of cooking methods (boiling, microwaving, griddling and frying in olive and soybean oils) on nutritional composition (protein, minerals, fat, carbohydrates, fibre, fatty acid profile and energy), antioxidant capacity and (poly)phenolic compounds of cactus cladodes (Opuntia ficus-indica) was evaluated. Culinary processes, except boiling, increased soluble and insoluble fibre up to 5.0g/100g becoming a good fibre source. Cactus cladodes fried in olive oil showed a healthier fatty acid profile and lower ω-6/ω-3 ratio than in soybean oil...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941692/extensive-profiling-of-three-varieties-of-opuntia-spp-fruit-for-innovative-food-ingredients
#6
Bruno Melgar, Eliana Pereira, M Beatriz P P Oliveira, Esperanza M Garcia-Castello, Antonio D Rodriguez-Lopez, Marina Sokovic, Lillian Barros, Isabel C F R Ferreira
Consumer interest in the use of natural ingredients is creating a growing trend in the food industry, leading to research into the development of natural products such as colorants, antimicrobials and antioxidant compounds. This work involves an extensive morphological (using physico-chemical assays), chemical (antioxidant activity assays) and microbiological (Gram-positive and negative strains) characterization of prickly peras (Opuntia ficus-indica (OFI) var. sanguigna, gialla and Opuntia engelmannii) fruits...
November 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936788/isorhamnetin-derivatives-and-piscidic-acid-for-hypercholesterolemia-cholesterol-permeability-hmg-coa-reductase-inhibition-and-docking-studies
#7
Asma Ressaissi, Nebil Attia, Pedro Luis Falé, Rita Pacheco, Bruno L Victor, Miguel Machuqueiro, Maria Luísa M Serralheiro
Bioactive compounds, such as isorhamnetin and piscidic acid, were obtained from decoctions of cladodes (stem pads from Opuntia ficus-indica). The effect of these phenolic compounds, in a fiber-free extract, were evaluated as inhibitors of cholesterol permeation through a Caco-2 cell monolayer and as 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor. A reduction of 38% in cholesterol permeation through the Caco-2 cell monolayer was obtained, and the phenolic compounds all permeated between 6 and 9%. A mixture of these compounds showed an IC50 of 20...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931282/crystallization-and-colloidal-stabilization-of-ca-oh-2-in-the-presence-of-nopal-juice-opuntia-ficus-indica-implications-in-architectural-heritage-conservation
#8
Carlos Rodriguez-Navarro, Encarnacion Ruiz-Agudo, Alejandro Burgos-Cara, Kerstin Elert, Eric F Hansen
Hydrated lime (Ca(OH)2) is a vernacular art and building material produced following slaking of CaO in water. If excess water is used, a slurry, called lime putty, forms, which has been the preferred craftsman selection for formulating lime mortars since Roman times. A variety of natural additives were traditionally added to the lime putty to improve its quality. The mucilaginous juice extracted from nopal cladodes has been and still is used as additive incorporated in the slaking water for formulation of lime mortars and plasters, both in ancient Mesoamerica and in the USA Southwest...
October 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851251/targeting-aging-with-functional-food-pasta-with-opuntia-single-arm-pilot-study
#9
Anna Aiello, Danilo Di Bona, Giuseppina Candore, Ciriaco Carru, Angelo Zinellu, Giuseppe Di Miceli, Aldo Nicosia, Caterina Maria Gambino, Paolo Ruisi, Calogero Caruso, Sonya Vasto, Giulia Accardi
Interventions to extend life span represent the new perspective in aging investigation. Healthy dietary habits are important modifiable factors that can favor a healthy aging phenotype. Many studies have demonstrated benefits for metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus resulting from the traditional Mediterranean foods. Opuntia Ficus Indica (OFI), widespread in the Mediterranean basin, belongs to the Cactaceae family. It is known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Moreover, products containing extracts from OFI fruits or cladodes have been used to control obesity and other metabolic parameters, such as glycemia and lipid profile...
October 10, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839374/hepatoprotective-flavonoids-in-opuntia-ficus-indica-fruits-by-reducing-oxidative-stress-in-primary-rat-hepatocytes
#10
Jung Wha Kim, Tae Bum Kim, Hyun Woo Kim, Sang Wook Park, Hong Pyo Kim, Sang Hyun Sung
BACKGROUND: Liver disorder was associated with alcohol consumption caused by hepatic cellular damages. Opuntia ficus-indica fruit extracts (OFIEs), which contain betalain pigments and polyphenols including flavonoids, have been introduced as reducing hangover symptoms and liver protective activity. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate hepatoprotective activity of OFIEs and isolated compounds by high-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The extract of O...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833143/antioxidant-properties-and-chemical-characterization-of-spanish-opuntia-ficus-indica-mill-cladodes-and-fruits
#11
Lucía Andreu, Nallely Nuncio-Jáuregui, Ángel A Carbonell-Barrachina, Pilar Legua, Francisca Hernández
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated that consumption of Opuntia ficus-indica Mill. has an important positive health benefit, mainly due to antioxidant properties, which justifies this research. This study examined antioxidant activity, organic acid and sugar profile, total phenolic, and physicochemical characteristics of six O. ficus-indica cultivars growing in the Spanish Mediterranean. It should be noted that, in this study, both cladodes (young and adult) and fruits (peel and pulp) were analyzed...
August 21, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829356/bioaccessibility-intestinal-permeability-and-plasma-stability-of-isorhamnetin-glycosides-from-opuntia-ficus-indica-l
#12
Marilena Antunes-Ricardo, César Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Janet A Gutiérrez-Uribe, Eduardo Cepeda-Cañedo, Sergio O Serna-Saldívar
Isorhamnetin glycosides are representative compounds of Opuntia ficus-indica that possess different biological activities. There is slight information about the changes in bioaccessibility induced by the glycosylation pattern of flavonoids, particularly for isorhamnetin. In this study, the bioaccessibility and permeability of isorhamnetin glycosides extracted from O. ficus-indica were contrasted with an isorhamnetin standard. Also, the plasma stability of these isorhamnetin glycosides after intravenous administration in rats was evaluated...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805459/opuntia-ficus-indica-l-miller-as-a-source-of-bioactivity-compounds-for-health-and-nutrition
#13
M Aragona, E R Lauriano, S Pergolizzi, C Faggio
Plants with beneficial properties are known in traditional medicine. Nowadays, in spite of widespread availability of synthetic compounds, the search goes towards natural compounds to lower cost and few side effects. The increasing interest in preventive medicine encourages use of nutraceuticals, bioactive compounds of vegetable origin with important nutritional values. Among the medicinal plants, Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Miller (Family Cactaceae, subfamily Opuntiodeae, Genus Opuntia, subgenus Platyopuntia, species Opuntia ficus-indica (L...
August 14, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764043/characterization-of-carotenoid-profile-of-spanish-sanguinos-and-verdal-prickly-pear-opuntia-ficus-indica-spp-tissues
#14
M P Cano, A Gómez-Maqueo, T García-Cayuela, J Welti-Chanes
Carotenoid profiles of different tissues (peel, pulp and whole fruit) of Spanish Sanguinos (red) and Verdal (orange) prickly pears (Opuntia ficus-indica spp.) have been characterized in detail and quantified for the first time. Carotenoids were determined by HPLC-PDA-MS (APCI(+)), using a reverse phase C30 column. A total of 9 xantophylls and 4 hydrocarbon carotenes were identified. Also, minor amounts of chlorophyll a, a' and b can be observed in Opuntia peel extracts. All carotenoids were found to be present in their free form (no carotenoid esters were detected)...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680065/nopal-opuntia-ficus-indica-protects-from-metabolic-endotoxemia-by-modifying-gut-microbiota-in-obese-rats-fed-high-fat-sucrose-diet
#15
Mónica Sánchez-Tapia, Miriam Aguilar-López, Claudia Pérez-Cruz, Edgar Pichardo-Ontiveros, Mei Wang, Sharon M Donovan, Armando R Tovar, Nimbe Torres
Current efforts are directed to reducing the gut dysbiosis and inflammation produced by obesity. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether consuming nopal, a vegetable rich in dietary fibre, vitamin C, and polyphenols can reduce the metabolic consequences of obesity by modifying the gut microbiota and preventing metabolic endotoxemia in rats fed a high fat and sucrose diet. With this aim, rats were fed a high fat diet with 5% sucrose in the drinking water (HFS) for 7 months and then were fed for 1 month with HFS + 5% nopal (HFS + N)...
July 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631306/cactus-stem-opuntia-ficus-indica-mill-anatomy-physiology-and-chemical-composition-with-emphasis-on-its-biofunctional-properties
#16
REVIEW
R I Ventura-Aguilar, E Bosquez-Molina, S Bautista-Baños, F Rivera-Cabrera
Cactus stem (Opuntia ficus-indica Mill) is native to Mesoamerica and marketed in different forms such as fresh, frozen or pre-cooked. Worldwide, this vegetable is recognized for its pharmaceutical actions, including its antioxidant, diuretic, anti-carcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, and anti-hypercholesterolemic properties, as well as their anti-viral and antispermatogenic effects. However, not all of these properties have been associated to its chemical composition; therefore, this review aims to present and integrate information available on the physiology and anatomy of cactus stem and its chemical composition, focusing on some of the many factors that determine its biofunctionality...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573793/traceability-of-opuntia-ficus-indica-l-miller-by-ipc-ms-multielemental-profile-and-chemometric-approach
#17
A F Mottese, C Naccari, R Vadala, G D Bua, G Bartolomeo, R Rando, N Cicero, G Mo Dugo
BACKGROUND: Opuntia ficus india L. Miller fruits, particularly "Ficodindia dell'Etna" of Biancavilla (POD), "Fico d'india tradizionale di Roccapalumba" with protected brand and samples coming from an experimental field in Pezzolo (Sicily), were analyzed by ICP-MS in order to determinate the multi-element profile. A multivariate chemometric approach, specifically Principal Component Analysis (PCA), was applied to individuate how mineral elements may represent a marker of geographic origin, useful for the traceability...
June 2, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559609/effect-of-opuntia-ficus-indica-flowers-maceration-on-quality-and-on-heat-stability-of-olive-oil
#18
Imène Ammar, Amal BenAmira, Ibtihel Khemakem, Hamadi Attia, Monia Ennouri
This study was focused on the evaluation of the quality and the oxidative stability of olive oil added with Opuntia ficus-indica flowers. Two different amounts of O. ficus-indica flowers were considered 5 and 15% (w/w). The olive oils were evaluated towards their quality, fatty acids profile, total phenol contents and thermal properties by differential scanning calorimetry. The oxidative stability was also monitored by employing the Rancimat and the oven test based on accelerating the oxidation process during storage...
May 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554636/ultrasonic-extraction-of-pectin-from-opuntia-ficus-indica-cladodes-after-mucilage-removal-optimization-of-experimental-conditions-and-evaluation-of-chemical-and-functional-properties
#19
Nadia Bayar, Tahani Bouallegue, Mabrouka Achour, Mouna Kriaa, Ali Bougatef, Radhouane Kammoun
Ultrasonic assisted extraction (UAE) of pectin from Opuntia ficus indica (OFI) cladodes after mucilage removal was attempted using the response surface methodology. The process variables were optimized by the isovariant central composite design in order to improve the pectin extraction yield. The optimum condition obtained was: sonication time 70min, temperature 70°C, pH 1.5 and the water-material ratio 30ml/g. This condition was validated and the performance of experimental extraction was 18.14%±1.41%, which was closely linked to the predicted value (19...
November 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491239/opuntia-spp-characterization-and-benefits-in-chronic-diseases
#20
REVIEW
María Del Socorro Santos Díaz, Ana-Paulina Barba de la Rosa, Cécile Héliès-Toussaint, Françoise Guéraud, Anne Nègre-Salvayre
Opuntia species have been used for centuries as food resources and in traditional folk medicine for their nutritional properties and their benefit in chronic diseases, particularly diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. These plants are largely distributed in America, Africa, and the Mediterranean basin. Opuntia spp. have great economic potential because they grow in arid and desert areas, and O. ficus-indica, the domesticated O. species, is used as a nutritional and pharmaceutical agent in various dietary and value-added products...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
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