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Opuntia ficus-indica

Giuditta Gambino, Mario Allegra, Pierangelo Sardo, Alessandro Attanzio, Luisa Tesoriere, Maria A Livrea, Giuseppe Ferraro, Fabio Carletti
Several studies have recently investigated the role of nutraceuticals in complex pathophysiological processes such as oxidative damages, inflammatory conditions and excitotoxicity. In this regard, the effects of nutraceuticals on basic functions of neuronal cells, such as excitability, are still poorly investigated. For this reason, the possible modulation of neuronal excitability by phytochemicals (PhC) could represent an interesting field of research given that excitotoxicity phenomena are involved in neurodegenerative alterations leading, for example, to Alzheimer's disease...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Marwa Cheikh Rouhou, Souhir Abdelmoumen, Sabu Thomas, Hamadi Attia, Dorra Ghorbel
This work aims to compare the development of three green chemistry methods in the extraction of cactus (Opuntia ficus indica) dietary fibers. The influence of extraction conditions (solvent nature: water, lemon juice and ethanol; extraction process: maceration and steam explosion; extraction time: 30 min, 1 h, 3 h, 5 h) on the chemical and structural composition was studied. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy proved that all treatments do not affect the cellulose structure and could induce the reduction of hemicelluloses and lignin content...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Elsy De Santiago, Gema Pereira Caro, Jose-Manuel Moreno Rojas, Concepcion Cid, M Paz De Peña
This study aims to investigate whether heat treatment applied to cactus cladodes influences on the bioaccessibility of their (poly)phenolic compounds after simulated gastric and intestinal digestion. A total of 45 (poly)phenols were identified and quantified in raw and cooked cactus cladodes by UHPLC-PDA-HR-MS. Both flavonoids (60-68% total), mainly isorhamnetin derivatives, and phenolic acids (32-40%) with eucomic acids as the predominant ones, significantly (p<0.05) increased with microwaving and griddling processes...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Gerardo Ordaz-Ochoa, Aureliano Juarez-Caratachea, Rosa Elena Pérez-Sánchez, Héctor Eduardo Martínez-Flores, Juvenal Esquivel-Cordova, Ruy Ortiz-Rodríguez
The effect of cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica) added to the diet of lactating (21 days of lactation) sows on voluntary feed intake, and its impact on the productive and reproductive post-weaning performance was evaluated. Data collected of 72 farrowings from 37 hybrid sows were analyzed during 12-month period. The sows were divided into two groups: (i) control group (CG; n = 18 sows), sows fed only with commercial feed, and (ii) experimental group (EG; n = 19 sows), sows fed with commercial feed plus cactus supplement...
May 9, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Pedro Mena, Michele Tassotti, Lucía Andreu, Nallely Nuncio-Jáuregui, Pilar Legua, Daniele Del Rio, Francisca Hernández
Prickly pear is an important source of bioactive compounds. However, a comprehensive characterization of the phytochemical profile of its aerial botanical parts, considering genotypic differences, has not been conducted. This study evaluated the phytochemical composition of four botanical parts (fruit pulp and skin, and young and adult cladodes) of six cultivars. Analysis was carried out by using two non-targeted UHPLC-ESI-MSn experimental conditions and assisted with multivariate analysis to facilitate data interpretation...
June 2018: Food Research International
Tahani Osman Issa, Yahya Sulieman Mohamed, Sakina Yagi, Reem Hassan Ahmed, Telal Mohammed Najeeb, Abdelrafie Mohamed Makhawi, Tarig Osman Khider
BACKGROUND: The inhabitants of western Sudan use traditional medicine for the treatment of various ailments due to lack of medical doctors and unaffordable prices of pharmaceutical products. The present study is the first documentation of the traditional plant knowledge on medicinal uses of plants by healers in Algoz (South Kordofan), Sudan. METHOD: Ethnobotanical data were collected over a period from March to November 2015 using semi-structured interviews with 30 healers (24 male and 6 female) living in the investigated area...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
José A Fernández-López, María J Roca, José M Angosto, José M Obón
Cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) fruit juice is a source of betaxanthin pigments which can be used as a natural yellow food colorant. The HPLC chromatographic pigment pattern corresponding to the betaxanthin-rich extract revealed the presence of four betaxanthins, of which indicaxanthin (proline-betaxanthin) accounts for around 85%. A betaxanthin-rich water-soluble food colorant from cactus pears fruits was produced by spray-drying microencapsulation using maltodextrin as a wall material. The resulting powder was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, and its apparent color was analyzed by spectrometry...
June 2018: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
Alba du Toit, Maryna de Wit, Arno Hugo
Mucilage extracted from cactus pear cladodes is a hydrocolloid gum. It is a novel, natural, low-kilojoule, cost-effective texture-modifying ingredient in functional food products. Yet, the cultivar with the most optimal nutrient content and the preferred harvest times are as yet unknown. For this reason, mucilage from three Opuntia ficus-indica (Algerian, Morado and Gymno-Carpo) and one Opuntia robusta (Robusta) cultivar were investigated to determine their nutrient content over six months. Nutrients that contribute energy (10...
April 16, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Rim Gheribi, Laura Puchot, Pierre Verge, Najeh Jaoued-Grayaa, Mohamed Mezni, Youssef Habibi, Khaoula Khwaldia
Mucilage polysaccharide was extracted from Opuntia ficus-indica cladodes (Cactaceae) and its composition was determined by sugar analysis using HPLC-RID and its structural features were elucidated by FTIR and 1 H and 13 C NMR. Films from the extracted mucilage were loaded at 40% (w/w) with glycerol, sorbitol, PEG 200 or PEG 400. The physical, thermal, mechanical and barrier properties of the obtained films were investigated. The highest water vapor barrier properties of plasticized mucilage films were obtained with sorbitol reaching water vapor permeability (WVP) values up to 3 times lower than the other films...
June 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Aloui Khouloud, Salma Abedelmalek, Hamdi Chtourou, Nizar Souissi
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of a flavonoid-rich fresh fruit juice on cardiovascular, oxidative stress, and biochemical parameters during the yo-yo intermittent recovery test (YYIRT). Twenty-two healthy males subjects participated in this study divided into two groups: An experimental group (EG: n  = 11) who consumed the antioxidant supplement and a control group (CG: n  = 11). All participants performed two test sessions at 07:00 hr before and after 2 weeks of supplementation with Opuntia ficus-indica juice...
March 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Kais Rtibi, Slimen Selmi, Dhekra Grami, Mohamed Amri, Hichem Sebai, Lamjed Marzouki
The phytochemical composition and the effect of the green and ripe Opuntia ficus-indica juice on some gastrointestinal (GI) physiological parameters such as stomach emptying and small-intestinal motility and permeability were determined in rats administered multiple concentrations of the prickly pear juice (5, 10, and 20 mL kg-1 , b.w., p.o.). Other separate groups of rats were received, respectively; sodium chloride (0.9%, b.w., p.o.), clonidine (α-2 -adrenergic agonist, 1 mg kg-1 , b.w., i.p.), yohimbine (α-2 -adrenergic antagonist, 2 mg kg-1 , b...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
Gabriele Rocchetti, Marco Pellizzoni, Domenico Montesano, Luigi Lucini
Natural by-products, especially phenolic compounds, are in great demand by the nutra-pharmaceutical and biomedical industries. An analytical study was performed to investigate, for the first time, the presence of antioxidant constituents and the corresponding in vitro antioxidant activity in the extract of cladodes from Ficodindia di San Cono ( Opuntia ficus-indica ) protected designation of origin (PDO). The cladode extracts were analysed for target determination of selected constituents, i.e. β-polysaccharides and total phenolic content...
February 18, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Omar Bouaouine, Isabelle Bourven, Fouad Khalil, Michel Baudu
Opuntia ficus-indica that belongs to the Cactaceae family and is a member of Opuntia kind has received increasing research interest for wastewater treatment by flocculation. The objectives of this study were (i) to provide more information regarding the active constituents of Opuntia spp. and (ii) to improve the extracting and using conditions of the flocculant molecules for water treatment. A classic approach by jar test experiments was used with raw and extracted material by solubilization and precipitation...
April 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Ikram Aboura, Abdelhafid Nani, Meriem Belarbi, Babar Murtaza, Aurélie Fluckiger, Adélie Dumont, Chahid Benammar, Moufida Saidani Tounsi, François Ghiringhelli, Mickaël Rialland, Naim Akhtar Khan, Aziz Hichami
In the present study, we have investigated the effects of polyphenol-rich infusions from carob leaves and OFI-cladodes on inflammation associated with obesity and dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis in Swiss mice. In vitro studies revealed that aqueous extracts of carob leaves and OFI-cladodes exhibited anti-inflammatory properties marked by the inhibition of IL-6, TNF-α and nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells concomitant with NF-κβ nucleus translocation inhibition...
December 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
L F Escobar-Alvarado, M Vaca-Mier, R López, M N Rojas-Valencia
Used lubricant oils and metals can be common soil pollutants in abandoned sites. When soil is contaminated with various hazardous wastes, the efficiency of biological treatments could be affected. The purpose of this work was to investigate the effect of combining phytoremediation and composting on the efficiency of hydrocarbon degradation and lead solubility in a soil contaminated with 31,823 mg/kg of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) from used motor oil and 8260 mg/kg of lead. Mexican cactus (Opuntia ficus indica) and yard trimmings were added in the composting process, and lucerne (Medicago sativa) was used in the phytoremediation process...
February 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Bárbara Ribeiro Alves Alencar, Emmanuel Damilano Dutra, Everardo Valadares de Sá Barretto Sampaio, Rômulo Simões Cezar Menezes, Marcos Antônio Morais
The optimization of enzymatic hydrolysis, with high solids loading, of two species of cactus pear for bioethanol production was tested evaluating the influence of surfactant Tween 80 and pretreatment with H2 O and H2 SO4 (1% v/v) (50 °C, 150 rpm, 3 h). XRD and FTIR analyzes were performed. Afterwards, the influence of the factors cellulase (FPU g-1 ), pectinase (U g-1 ) and solids load (% w/v), on the hydrolysis of varieties (50 °C, 150 rpm, 48 h), and the fermentation of the optimal point (33 °C, 8 h) were evaluated...
February 2018: Bioresource Technology
Kaïs Rtibi, Slimen Selmi, Khouloud Saidani, Dhekra Grami, Mohamed Amri, Hichem Sebai, Lamjed Marzouki
This study was conducted to compare the effects of juice and seeds on gastric emptying, small-bowel motility and intestinal ion transport. Separate groups of rats were randomized to receive NaCl, increasing doses of juice (5, 10, and 20 mL/kg, b.w.) or seeds aqueous extract (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg, b.w.). Simultaneously, two other groups were received, the reference drugs; clonidine (1 mg/kg) and yohimbine (2 mg/kg). The charcoal meal was used as a suspension for gastrointestinal motility test. The purgative action of juice was confirmed using the loperamide (5 mg/kg, p...
January 2018: Journal of Food Science
Francesco Lanuzza, Francesco Occhiuto, Maria Teresa Monforte, Maria Marcella Tripodo, Valeria D'Angelo, Enza Maria Galati
Background: Opuntia ficus-indica (OFI) (L.) Mill. (Cactaceae), a plant widespread in dry regions of the world, shows interesting biological activities (cicatrizant, antiulcer, anti-inflammatory, and hypolipidemic) and is widely used in traditional medicine. Objectives: Phytochemical analysis and antispasmodic effect of wild OFI cladodes were carried out. Material and Methods: Polyphenols and Vitamin E occurrence, in antioxidant pool of OFI cladodes, were quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
P S Calabrò, E Catalán, A Folino, A Sánchez, D Komilis
Opuntia ficus-indica (OFI) is an emerging biomass that has the potential to be used as substrate in anaerobic digestion. The goal of this work was to investigate the effect of three pretreatment techniques (thermal, alkaline, acidic) on the chemical composition and the methane yield of OFI biomass. A composite experimental design with three factors and two to three levels was implemented, and regression modelling was employed using a total of 10 biochemical methane potential (BMP) tests. The measured methane yields ranged from 289 to 604 NmL/gVSadded ; according to the results, only the acidic pretreatment (HCl) was found to significantly increase methane generation...
January 2018: Waste Management & Research
Ganna Petruk, Flaviana Di Lorenzo, Paola Imbimbo, Alba Silipo, Andrea Bonina, Luisa Rizza, Renata Piccoli, Daria Maria Monti, Rosa Lanzetta
Opuntia ficus-indica L. is known for its beneficial effects on human health, but still little is known on cladodes as a potent source of antioxidants. Here, a direct, economic and safe method was set up to obtain water extracts from Opuntia ficus-indica cladodes rich in antioxidant compounds. When human keratinocytes were pre-treated with the extract before being exposed to UVA radiations, a clear protective effect against UVA-induced stress was evidenced, as indicated by the inhibition of stress-induced processes, such as free radicals production, lipid peroxidation and GSH depletion...
December 15, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
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