Read by QxMD icon Read

Opuntia ficus-indica

Abdenour Bounihi, Arezki Bitam, Asma Bouazza, Lyece Yargui, Elhadj Ahmed Koceir
CONTEXT: Fruit vinegars (FVs) are used in Mediterranean folk medicine for their hypolipidemic and weight-reducing properties. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the preventive effects of three types of FV, commonly available in Algeria, namely prickly pear [Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill (Cectaceae)], pomegranate [Punica granatum L. (Punicaceae)], and apple [Malus domestica Borkh. (Rosaceae)], against obesity-induced cardiomyopathy and its underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two male Wistar rats were equally divided into 12 groups...
September 5, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Aline Féboli, Antonio C Laurentiz, Suelen C S Soares, Jeferson G Augusto, Luciano A Anjos, Lizandra G Magalhães, Rosemeire S Filardi, Rosangela S Laurentiz
This study describes the in vitro anthelmintic activity of extracts from Opuntia ficus indica against gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep. The anthelmintic activity was evaluated by inhibition of egg hatching, larval development and larval migration assays. The residual aqueous fractions from cladodes and fruits showed higher ovicidal activity with EC50 values of 7.2mg/mL and 1.5mg/mL, respectively. The aqueous, hexane, and ethyl acetate fractions from fruits and the aqueous fraction from cladodes inhibited 100% of larval development at the lowest concentration tested (1...
August 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
C López-Palacios, C B Peña-Valdivia, A I Rodríguez-Hernández, J A Reyes-Agüero
The aim of this study was to quantify the content of polysaccharides of edible tender cladodes (nopalitos) of three species of Opuntia and to evaluate the rheological flow behavior of isolated polysaccharides. A completely randomized experimental design was used to characterize a wild (O. streptacantha), a semidomesticated (O. megacantha) and a domesticated (O. ficus-indica) species. Mucilage content was higher (4.93 to 12.43 g 100 g(-1) dry matter), tightly bound hemicelluloses were lower (3.32 to 1.81 g 100 g(-1) dry matter) and pectins and loosely bound hemicelluloses were not different in wild than in domesticated species...
August 6, 2016: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
Eduardo Sánchez, Catalina Rivas Morales, Sandra Castillo, Catalina Leos-Rivas, Ledy García-Becerra, David Mizael Ortiz Martínez
Biofilm is a complex microbial community highly resistant to antimicrobials. The formation of biofilms in biotic and abiotic surfaces is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. New alternatives for controlling infections have been proposed focusing on the therapeutic properties of medicinal plants and their antimicrobial effects. In the present study the antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities of 8 methanolic plant extracts were evaluated against clinical isolated microorganisms...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Nadia Bayar, Mouna Kriaa, Radhouane Kammoun
The chemical extraction and the characterization of polysaccharides from mucilage (MC), pectin (PC) and total pectic mucilage fraction (TFC) of Opuntia ficus indica cladodes as well as the evaluation of their antioxidant activities was investigated. The FTIR spectroscopic analysis revealed the presence of carboxyl and hydroxyl groups corresponding to polysaccharides. Uronic acid and the total sugar contents of PC were higher than those of TFC and MC whereas ash content of MC was considerably more important...
July 14, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Raffaella Di Cagno, Pasquale Filannino, Olimpia Vincentini, Alessia Lanera, Ivana Cavoski, Marco Gobbetti
Strains of Leuconostoc mesenteroides were identified from raw prickly pear (Opuntia ficus-indica L.). Five autochthonous strains were selected based on the kinetics of growth and acidification on prickly pear fruit juice, and the capacity to synthesize exo-polysaccharides. All selected Leuc. mesenteroides strains showed an in vitro mucilage-degrading capability. A protocol for processing and storage of fermented prickly pear fruit puree (FP) was set up. Unstarted FP and chemically acidified FP were used as the controls...
October 2016: Food Microbiology
M C Kyriacou, M G Emmanouilidou, G A Soteriou
Physicochemical and physiological ripening events in cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) fruit of cultivars 'Ntopia' and 'Hercules' were profiled against skin coloration from mature-green (S1) to over-mature (S5). Fructose and glucose accumulation were linear in 'Ntopia' but peaked near S3 in 'Hercules' synchronously to the appearance of sucrose. Betalains increased steadily in 'Ntopia' (103.2mg/l) but peaked before full skin coloration in 'Hercules' (49.7mg/l); whereas phenolic content remained invariable and ascorbate content peaked near S5 in both 'Ntopia' (108...
November 15, 2016: Food Chemistry
A Mata, J P Ferreira, C Semedo, T Serra, C M M Duarte, M R Bronze
Opuntia spp. fruits are considered as health promoting foods due to the diversity of bioactive molecules found in these fruits. The composition in organic acids, flavonols and betalains in the Opuntia ficus-indica juice from a region of Portugal was accomplished for the first time by liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry using an electrospray ionization source operating in negative and positive mode. The methodology used allowed the detection of 44 compounds, from which 32 were identified. Isorhamnetin derivatives were the dominant flavonol glycosides...
November 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
Pasquale Filannino, Ivana Cavoski, Nadia Thligene, Olimpia Vincentini, Maria De Angelis, Marco Silano, Marco Gobbetti, Raffaella Di Cagno
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0152575.].
2016: PloS One
Carole Pichereaux, Eric E Hernández-Domínguez, Maria Del Socorro Santos-Diaz, Antonio Reyes-Agüero, Marizel Astello-García, Françoise Guéraud, Anne Negre-Salvayre, Odile Schiltz, Michel Rossignol, Ana Paulina Barba de la Rosa
UNLABELLED: The Opuntia genus is widely distributed in America, but the highest richness of wild species are found in Mexico, as well as the most domesticated Opuntia ficus-indica, which is the most domesticated species and an important crop in agricultural economies of arid and semiarid areas worldwide. During domestication process, the Opuntia morphological characteristics were favored, such as less and smaller spines in cladodes and less seeds in fruits, but changes at molecular level are almost unknown...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
J A Cruz-Rodríguez, E González-Machorro, A A Villegas González, M L Rodríguez Ramírez, F Mejía Lara
It is broadly known that the conservation of biological diversity in agricultural ecosystems contributes to pest control. This process was studied in a prickly pear plantation (Opuntia megacanthaandOpuntia ficus-indica) located in central Mexico. No insecticides have been used on this plantation since 2000, and local farmers believe that the presence of different species of insects limits the growth of the wild cochineal (Dactylopius opuntiaeCockerell), which is one of the main pests in this crop. From August 2012 to November 2013, we estimated the number of cochineal per stem in the plantation and determined its spatial distribution pattern...
April 7, 2016: Environmental Entomology
Ornella Badalamenti, Angela Carra, Elisabetta Oddo, Francesco Carimi, Maurizio Sajeva
Several taxa of Cactaceae are endangered by overcollection for commercial purposes, and most of the family is included in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES). Micropropagation may play a key role to keep the pressure off wild populations and contribute to ex situ conservation of endangered taxa. One of the limits of micropropagation is the species-specific requirement of plant regulators for each taxon and sometimes even for different genotypes. With the micrografting technique the rootstock directly provides the scion with the necessary hormonal requirements...
2016: SpringerPlus
Pasquale Filannino, Ivana Cavoski, Nadia Thlien, Olimpia Vincentini, Maria De Angelis, Marco Silano, Marco Gobbetti, Raffaella Di Cagno
Cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica L.) is widely distributed in the arid and semi-arid regions throughout the world. In the last decades, the interest towards vegetative crop increased, and cladodes are exploited for nutraceutical and health-promoting properties. This study aimed at investigating the capacity of selected lactic acid bacteria to increase the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of cactus cladodes pulp, with the perspective of producing a functional ingredient, dietary supplement or pharmaceutical preparation...
2016: PloS One
Jung-Woo Kang, Jun-Kyu Shin, Eun-Ji Koh, Hyojeong Ryu, Hyoung Ja Kim, Sun-Mee Lee
Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) is a popular edible plant that possesses considerable nutritional value and exhibits diverse biological actions including anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic activities. In this study, we hypothesized that DWJ504, an extract of O ficus-indica seed, would ameliorate hepatic steatosis and inflammation by regulating hepatic de novo lipogenesis and macrophage polarization against experimental nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Mice were fed a normal diet or a high-fat diet (HFD) for 10 weeks...
April 2016: Nutrition Research
Byoung Ha An, Hyesoo Jeong, Wenmei Zhou, Xiyuan Liu, Soolin Kim, Chang Young Jang, Hyun-Sook Kim, Johann Sohn, Hye-Jin Park, Na-Hye Sung, Cheol Yi Hong, Minsun Chang
Phytoestrogens are selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) with potential for use in hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to relieve peri/postmenopausal symptoms. This study was aimed at elucidating the molecular mechanisms underlying the SERM properties of the extract of Korean-grown Opuntia ficus-indica (KOFI). The KOFI extract induced estrogen response element (ERE)-driven transcription in breast and endometrial cancer cell lines and the expression of endogenous estrogen-responsive genes in breast cancer cells...
June 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Hanan H Youssef, Mervat A Hamza, Mohamed Fayez, Elhussein F Mourad, Mohamed Y Saleh, Mohamed S Sarhan, Ragab M Suker, Asmaa A Eltahlawy, Rahma A Nemr, Mahmod El-Tahan, Silke Ruppel, Nabil A Hegazi
Our previous publications and the data presented here provide evidences on the ability of plant-based culture media to optimize the cultivability of rhizobacteria and to support their recovery from plant-soil environments. Compared to the tested chemically-synthetic culture media (e.g. nutrient agar and N-deficient combined-carbon sources media), slurry homogenates, crude saps, juices and powders of cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica) and succulent plants (Aloe vera and Aloe arborescens) were rich enough to support growth of rhizobacteria...
March 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
Carlos A Gómez-Aldapa, Jorge F Cerna-Cortes, Esmeralda Rangel-Vargas, Mdel Refugio Torres-Vitela, Angelica Villarruel-López, Eduardo J Gutiérrez-Alcántara, Javier Castro-Rosas
The presence of multidrug-resistant pathogenic bacteria in food is a significant public health concern. Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli pathotypes (DEPs) are foodborne bacteria. In Mexico, DEPs have been associated with diarrheal illness. There is no information about the presence of multidrug-resistant DEPs on fresh vegetables and in cooked vegetable salads in Mexico. "Nopalitos" (Opuntia ficus-indica L.) is a Cactacea extensively used as a fresh green vegetable throughout Mexico. The presence of generic E...
May 2016: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Gonzalo Barceló, Juan Manuel Ríos, Karin Maldonado, Pablo Sabat
Seed-eating birds have a diet of high nutritional value; however, they must cope with plant secondary metabolites (PSM). We postulated that the detoxification capacity of birds is associated with a metabolic cost, given that the organs responsible for detoxification significantly contribute to energetic metabolism. We used an experimental approach to assess the effects of phenol-enriched diets on two passerines with different feeding habits: the omnivorous rufous-collared sparrow (Zonotrichia capensis) and the granivorous common diuca-finch (Diuca diuca)...
July 2016: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
María Carolina Otálora, José Gregorio Carriazo, Laura Iturriaga, Coralia Osorio, Mónica Azucena Nazareno
Betalain encapsulation was performed by ionic gelation as a stabilization strategy for these natural pigments. Betalains were extracted from purple cactus fruits and encapsulated in calcium-alginate and in combination of calcium alginate and bovine serum albumin. Beads were characterised by scanning electron microscopy and thermal analysis using differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetry. Moisture sorption isotherms were determined. Bead morphology was affected by matrix composition. Pigments storage stability was evaluated at different equilibrium relative humidity and temperatures...
July 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
Lamia Felkai-Haddache, Farid Dahmoune, Hocine Remini, Khalef Lefsih, Lotfi Mouni, Khodir Madani
In this study, microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) of polysaccharides from Opuntia ficus indica Cladodes were investigated using response surface methodology (RSM). The effects of three extraction factors on the yield of mucilage were examined. The results indicated that the optimum extraction conditions were determined as follows: microwave power X1, 700 W; extraction time X2, 5.15 minand ratio water/raw material X3, 4.83 mL/g at fixed pH 11. Under these optimal extraction conditions, mucilage yield was found to be Y, 25...
March 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"