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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097713/pharmacist-industry-relationships
#1
Keene Saavedra, Bonnie O'Connor, Adriane Fugh-Berman
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to document, in their own words, beliefs and attitudes that American pharmacists have towards the pharmaceutical industry and pharmacists' interactions with industry. METHODS: An ethnographic-style qualitative study was conducted utilizing open-ended interviews with four hospital pharmacists, two independent pharmacists, two retail pharmacists and one administrative pharmacist in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area to elicit descriptions of and attitudes towards pharmacists' relationships with industry...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097610/on-the-interdependence-of-ambulatory-and-hospital-care-in-the-german-health-system
#2
Tugba Büyükdurmus, Thomas Kopetsch, Hendrik Schmitz, Harald Tauchmann
For some considerable time now the interface between ambulatory and hospital care has been mooted as a cause of inefficiencies in the German health system and there have been calls for a softening of the strict separation between the two sectors. This debate emphasizes the need for detailed empirical information on the interdependence between the two sectors. Using extensive administrative data at the level of the 412 German counties for the years 2007 to 2009 and a simultaneous equation model which allows the numbers of ambulatory and hospital cases to be mutually interdependent, we examine the connection between ambulatory and hospital specialist care separately for ten medical specialties...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095911/mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-abuja-nigeria-a-qualitative-study-on-perceptions-and-experiences-of-women-and-healthcare-providers
#3
Meghan A Bohren, Joshua P Vogel, Özge Tunçalp, Bukola Fawole, Musibau A Titiloye, Akinpelu Olanrewaju Olutayo, Modupe Ogunlade, Agnes A Oyeniran, Olubunmi R Osunsan, Loveth Metiboba, Hadiza A Idris, Francis E Alu, Olufemi T Oladapo, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Michelle J Hindin
BACKGROUND: Global efforts have increased facility-based childbirth, but substantial barriers remain in some settings. In Nigeria, women report that poor provider attitudes influence their use of maternal health services. Evidence also suggests that women in Nigeria may experience mistreatment during childbirth; however, there is limited understanding of how and why mistreatment this occurs. This study uses qualitative methods to explore women and providers' experiences and perceptions of mistreatment during childbirth in two health facilities and catchment areas in Abuja, Nigeria...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093724/the-potential-of-high-dimensional-propensity-scores-in-health-services-research-an-exemplary-study-on-the-quality-of-care-for-elective-percutaneous-coronary-interventions
#4
Dirk Enders, Christoph Ohlmeier, Edeltraut Garbe
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the potential of the high-dimensional propensity score (HDPS) to control for residual confounding in studies analyzing quality of care based on administrative health insurance data. DATA SOURCE: Secondary data from 2004 to 2009 from three German statutory health insurance providers. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in patients with elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) and compared the mortality risk between the in- and outpatient setting using Cox regression...
January 16, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093688/kentucky-health-access-nurturing-development-services-home-visiting-program-improves-maternal-and-child-health
#5
Corrine M Williams, Sarah Cprek, Ibitola Asaolu, Brenda English, Tracey Jewell, Kylen Smith, Joyce Robl
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Home visitation programs are one of the numerous efforts to help reduce the rates of preterm birth and low birth weight as well as offering other improvements in maternal and child health and development. The Kentucky Health Access Nurturing Development Services (HANDS) is a voluntary, home visiting program serving first-time, high-risk mothers. This study's objective was to evaluate the impact of HANDS on maternal and child health outcomes. METHODS: HANDS administrative data, live birth certificate records and data from the Division of Child Protection and Safety were used in these analyses...
January 16, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093055/low-rates-of-hiv-testing-among-adults-with-severe-mental-illness-receiving-care-in-community-mental-health-settings
#6
Christina Mangurian, Francine Cournos, Dean Schillinger, Eric Vittinghoff, Jennifer M Creasman, Bernard Lee, Penelope Knapp, Elena Fuentes-Afflick, James W Dilley
OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to characterize HIV testing rates among Medicaid recipients with severe mental illness who received public specialty mental health services. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study examined California Medicaid records from October 1, 2010, to September 30, 2011 (N=56,895). Study participants were between age 18 and 67, utilized specialty mental health care services, were prescribed antipsychotic medications, and were not dually eligible for Medicare...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091353/the-development-of-a-national-nutrition-and-mental-health-research-agenda-with-comparison-of-priorities-among-diverse-stakeholders
#7
Karen M Davison, Carla D'Andreamatteo, Scott Mitchell, Pat Vanderkooy
OBJECTIVE: To develop a national nutrition and mental health research agenda based on the engagement of diverse stakeholders and to assess research priorities by stakeholder groups. DESIGN: A staged, integrated and participatory initiative was implemented to structure a national nutrition and mental health research agenda that included: (i) national stakeholder consultations to prioritize research questions; (ii) a workshop involving national representatives from research, policy and practice to further define priorities; (iii) triangulation of data to formulate the agenda; and (iv) test hypotheses about stakeholder influences on decision making...
January 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089521/trends-in-naloxone-prescriptions-prescribed-after-implementation-of-a-national-academic-detailing-service-in-the-veterans-health-administration-a-preliminary-analysis
#8
Mark Bounthavong, Michael A Harvey, Daina L Wells, Sarah J Popish, Julianne Himstreet, Elizabeth M Oliva, Chad L Kay, Marcos K Lau, Priyanka P Randeria-Noor, Andrea G Phillips, Melissa L D Christopher
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of the U.S. Veterans Health Administration (VA) National Academic Detailing Service alongside the Opioid Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution (OEND) program on naloxone prescriptions prescribed from October 2014 to September 2016. METHODS: A retrospective, repeated measures cohort study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a real-world application of academic detailing (AD) alongside OEND on providers' outpatient naloxone prescribing from October 2014 to September 2016...
January 11, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089415/antimicrobial-stewardship-in-the-federal-bureau-of-prisons-approaches-from-the-national-and-local-levels
#9
Michael J Long, Brian N LaPlant, Justin C McCormick
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of national and local antimicrobial stewardship measures on overall antibiotic prescribing in the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). SETTING: Care was delivered to more than 160,000 inmates in 122 BOP facilities in the United States and Puerto Rico. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Medical centers and health services clinics staffed by in-house medical staff, consultants, and specialists. Staffs include a variety of disciplines, including physicians, pharmacists, dentists, nurses, infection control personnel, therapists, health services administrators, and institution executive staff...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089383/-long-term-psychiatric-hospitalizations
#10
L Plancke, A Amariei
BACKGROUND: Long-term hospitalizations in psychiatry raise the question of desocialisation of the patients and the inherent costs. METHODS: Individual indicators were extracted from a medical administrative database containing full-time psychiatric hospitalizations for the period 2011-2013 of people over 16 years old living in the French region of Nord-Pas-de-Calais. We calculated the proportion of people who had experienced a hospitalization with a duration of 292 days or more during the study period...
January 11, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087796/prior-military-service-identity-stigma-and-mental-health-among-transgender-older-adults
#11
Charles P Hoy-Ellis, Chengshi Shiu, Kathleen M Sullivan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Allison M Sturges, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Converging evidence from large community-based samples, Internet studies, and Veterans Health Administration data suggest that transgender adults have high rates of U.S. military service. However, little is known about the role of prior military service in their mental health later in life, particularly in relation to identity stigma. In this article, we examine relationships between prior military service, identity stigma, and mental health among transgender older adults...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086914/delivering-hiv-services-in-partnership-factors-affecting-collaborative-working-in-a-south-african-hiv-programme
#12
Geoffrey A Jobson, Cornelis J Grobbelaar, Moyahabo Mabitsi, Jean Railton, Remco P H Peters, James A McIntyre, Helen E Struthers
BACKGROUND: The involvement of Global Health Initiatives (GHIs) in delivering health services in low and middle income countries (LMICs) depends on effective collaborative working at scales from the local to the international, and a single GHI is effectively constructed of multiple collaborations. Research is needed focusing on how collaboration functions in GHIs at the level of health service management. Here, collaboration between local implementing agencies and departments of health involves distinct power dynamics and tensions...
January 13, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080012/medicaid-s-future-what-might-aca-repeal-mean
#13
Sara Rosenbaum, Sara Rothenberg, Rachel Gunsalus, Sara Schmucker
Issue: Republicans in Congress are expected to repeal portions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) using a fast-track process known as budget reconciliation. Goals: This issue brief examines how repeal legislation could affect Medicaid, the nation’s health care safety net, which insured 70 million people in 2016. Findings and Conclusions: Partial-repeal legislation that passed Congress but was vetoed by President Obama in 2016 offers some insight but new legislation could go further. It could repeal the ACA’s Medicaid eligibility expansions for adults and children but also roll back other provisions, such as simplified enrollment and improvements in long-term services and supports for beneficiaries with disabilities...
2017: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079461/building-the-evidence-base-for-tele-emergency-care-efforts-to-identify-a-standardized-set-of-outcome-measures
#14
Yael Harris, Boyd Gilman, Marcia M Ward, Jonathan Ladinsky, Jacqueline Crowley, Cannon Warren, Craig Caplan
BACKGROUND: To enhance the quality of emergency department (ED) care, some rural hospitals have adopted the use of telemedicine (tele-ED). Without a common set of metrics, it is difficult to quantify the impact of this technology. INTRODUCTION: To address this limitation, the Health Resources and Services Administration funded the identification and testing of a core set of measures that could be used to build a business case for the value of tele-ED care. METHODS: A comprehensive environmental scan was conducted to identify existing measures relevant to assessing ED care and the use of telemedicine...
January 12, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077347/translating-e-mental-health-into-practice-what-are-the-barriers-and-enablers-to-e-mental-health-implementation-by-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-professionals
#15
James Bennett-Levy, Judy Singer, Simon DuBois, Kelly Hyde
BACKGROUND: With increasing evidence for the effectiveness of e-mental health interventions for enhancing mental health and well-being, a growing challenge is how to translate promising research findings into service delivery contexts. A 2012 e-mental health initiative by the Australian Federal Government (eMHPrac) has sought to address the issue through several strategies, one of which has been to train different health professional workforces in e-mental health (e-MH). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to report on the barriers and enablers of e-MH uptake in a cohort of predominantly Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health professionals (21 Indigenous, 5 non-Indigenous) who occupied mainly support or case management roles within their organizations...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077145/perceptions-and-experiences-of-the-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-in-guinea-a-qualitative-study-with-women-and-service-providers
#16
Mamadou Diouldé Balde, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Abou Bangoura, Oumar Sall, Anne Marie Soumah, Joshua P Vogel, Meghan A Bohren
BACKGROUND: Every woman is entitled to respectful care during childbirth; so it is concerning to hear of informal reports of mistreatment during childbirth in Guinea. This study sought to explore the perceptions and experiences of mistreatment during childbirth, from the perspectives of women and service providers, and the analysis presents findings according to a typology of mistreatment during childbirth. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods (in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs)) and was conducted with four groups of participants: women of reproductive age, midwives, doctors, and administrators...
January 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075692/comparing-emergency-department-use-among-medicaid-and-commercial-patients-using-all-payer-all-claims-data
#17
Hyunjee Kim, K John McConnell, Benjamin C Sun
The high rate of emergency department (ED) use by Medicaid patients is not fully understood. The objective of this paper is (1) to provide context for ED service use by comparing Medicaid and commercial patients' differences across ED and non-ED health service use, and (2) to assess the extent to which Medicaid-commercial differences in ED use can be explained by observable factors in administrative data. Statistical decomposition methods were applied to ED, mental health, and inpatient care using 2011-2013 Medicaid and commercial insurance claims from the Oregon All Payer All Claims database...
January 11, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075641/the-transgender-women-of-color-initiative-implementing-and-evaluating-innovative-interventions-to-enhance-engagement-and-retention-in-hiv-care
#18
Gregory Rebchook, JoAnne Keatley, Robert Contreras, Judy Perloff, Luis Freddy Molano, Cathy J Reback, Kelly Ducheny, Tooru Nemoto, Royce Lin, Jeffrey Birnbaum, Tiffany Woods, Jessica Xavier
To improve health outcomes among transgender women of color living with HIV, the Health Resources and Services Administration's Special Programs of National Significance program funded the Enhancing Engagement and Retention in Quality HIV Care for Transgender Women of Color Initiative in 2012. Nine demonstration projects in four US urban areas implemented innovative, theory-based interventions specifically targeting transgender women of color in their jurisdictions. An evaluation and technical assistance center was funded to evaluate the outcomes of the access to care interventions, and these findings will yield best practices and lessons learned to improve the care and treatment of transgender women of color living with HIV infection...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075494/geographic-access-to-dental-care-varies-in-missouri-and-wisconsin
#19
Kamyar Nasseh, Yochai Eisenberg, Marko Vujicic
OBJECTIVE: To examine geographic access to dental providers for the general population and children with public insurance in Missouri and Wisconsin. METHODS: Using a newly constructed dentist office database from the American Dental Association master file and other sources, we use the two-step floating area catchment area method to calculate population to provider ratios at the census block group level. These ratios are used to determine potential geographic dentist shortage areas...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075067/national-implementation-of-a-mental-health-service-model-a-survey-of-crisis-resolution-teams-in-england
#20
Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Bethan Paterson, Steve Onyett, Ellie Brown, Hannah Istead, Richard Gray, Claire Henderson, Sonia Johnson
In response to pressures on mental health inpatient beds and a perceived 'crisis in acute care', Crisis Resolution Teams (CRTs), acute home treatment services, were implemented nationally in England following the NHS Plan in the year 2000: an unprecedentedly prescriptive policy mandate for three new types of functional community mental health team. We examined the effects of this mandate on implementation of the CRT service model. Two hundred and eighteen CRTs were mapped in England, including services in all 65 mental health administrative regions...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
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