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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641361/maternal-alcohol-use-disorder-and-risk-of-child-contact-with-the-justice-system-in-western-australia-a-population-cohort-record-linkage-study
#1
Katherine Hafekost, David Lawrence, Colleen O'Leary, Carol Bower, James Semmens, Stephen R Zubrick
BACKGROUND: Early contact with the justice system is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes across the life course. This includes an increased risk of ongoing justice contact, social disadvantage and marginalization, and mental health and substance use issues. Children whose mothers have an alcohol use disorder may be at risk of early justice system contact, and we sought to quantify this relationship in a Western Australian cohort. METHODS: This population cohort study made use of linked administrative data...
June 22, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639244/veterinary-public-health-in-italy-from-healthy-animals-to-healthy-food-contribution-to-improve-economy-in-developing-countries
#2
Margherita Cacaci, Rossella Colomba Lelli
The role of the veterinarian as a public health officer is intrinsic to the history and the culture of veterinary organization in Italy. The Veterinary service being part of the Health administration since the birth of the Italian State in the XIX Century. In the second half of the last century the birth of the Italian National Health Service confirmed that the function of the Italian veterinary service was to analyze and reduce the risks for the human population connected to the relationship man-animal-environment, animal health, food safety and security...
June 22, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637735/development-of-the-tailored-rett-intervention-and-assessment-longitudinal-trial-database-and-the-rett-evaluation-of-symptoms-and-treatments-rest-questionnaire
#3
Paramala Santosh, Kate Lievesley, Federico Fiori, Jatinder Singh
INTRODUCTION: Rett syndrome (RTT) is a pervasive neurodevelopmental disorder that presents with deficits in brain functioning leading to language and learning regression, characteristic hand stereotypies and developmental delay. Different mutations in the gene implicated in RTT-methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) establishes RTT as a disorder with divergent symptomatology ranging from individuals with severe to milder phenotypes. A reliable and single multidimensional questionnaire is needed that can embrace all symptoms, and the relationships between them, and can map clinically meaningful data to symptomatology across the lifespan in patients with RTT...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637723/impact-of-consumer-copayments-for-subsidised-medicines-on-health-services-use-and-outcomes-a-protocol-using-linked-administrative-data-from-western-australia
#4
Karla L Seaman, Frank M Sanfilippo, Elizabeth E Roughead, Max K Bulsara, Anna Kemp-Casey, Caroline Bulsara, Gerald F Watts, David Preen
INTRODUCTION: Across the world, health systems are adopting approaches to manage rising healthcare costs. One common strategy is a medication copayments scheme where consumers make a contribution (copayment) towards the cost of their dispensed medicines, with remaining costs subsidised by the health insurance service, which in Australia is the Federal Government.In Australia, copayments have tended to increase in proportion to inflation, but in January 2005, the copayment increased substantially more than inflation...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633782/factors-predicting-length-of-hospital-stay-and-extended-care-facility-admission-after-hindfoot-arthrodesis-procedures
#5
Jacob Deister, Brian G Cothern, Chad Williams, Andrew W Froehle, Richard T Laughlin
Delayed identification of patients requiring admission to extended care facilities (ECFs) can lead to greater healthcare costs through an increased length of hospital stay (LOHS). Previous studies of hip and knee arthroplasty identified factors associated with a likely discharge to an ECF. These issues have not been extensively studied for major hindfoot procedures. We conducted a retrospective review of 198 cases treated during a 3-year period to identify the risk factors for an extended LOHS and ECF admission after ankle arthrodesis, triple arthrodesis, pantalar arthrodesis, and subtalar arthrodesis...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632475/generic-substitution-of-antiretrovirals-patients-and-health-care-providers-opinions
#6
Jennifer A Kieran, Eimear O'Reilly, Siobhan O'Dea, Colm Bergin, Aisling O'Leary
There is interest in introducing generic antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) into high-income countries in order to maximise efficiency in health care budgets. Studies examining patients' and providers' knowledge and attitudes to generic substitution in HIV are few. This was a cross-sectional, observational study with a convenience sample of adult HIV-infected patients and health care providers (HCPs). Data on demographics, knowledge of generic medicine and facilitators of generic substitution were collected. Descriptive and univariate analysis was performed using SPSS V...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629349/relationships-between-dental-personnel-and-non-dental-primary-health-care-providers-in-rural-and-remote-queensland-australia-dental-perspectives
#7
Jackie Stuart, Ha Hoang, Len Crocombe, Tony Barnett
BACKGROUND: Collaboration between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers has the potential to improve oral health care for people in rural and remote communities, where access to oral health services is limited. However, there is limited research on collaboration between these professional disciplines. The purpose of this paper was to explore the relationships between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers from rural and remote areas of Queensland and to identify strategies that could improve collaboration between these disciplines from the perspective of dental participants...
June 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628151/-assessment-and-comparison-of-hospital-operating-efficiency-under-different-management-systems
#8
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To assess and analyze the operation efficiency of 8 commission general public hospitals managed directly by National Health and Family Planning Commission and 8 municipal general hospitals managed directly by Beijing Municipal Administration of Hospitals in Beijing and to provide suggestions on improving service capacity and designing relevant health policy. METHODS: Input and output data of 8 commission hospitals and 8 municipal hospitals were obtained from Beijing Direct-Reported Health Statistics data from 2011 to 2014...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627076/supportive-housing-for-chronically-homeless-individuals-challenges-and-opportunities-for-providers-in-chicago-usa
#9
Katherine Quinn, Julia Dickson-Gomez, Kelly Nowicki, Amy K Johnson, Arturo V Bendixen
Chronically homeless individuals often have extensive health, mental health and psychosocial needs that pose barriers to obtaining and maintain supportive housing. This study aims to qualitatively explore supportive housing providers' experiences and challenges with housing chronically homeless individuals and examine opportunities to improve supportive housing systems of care. In 2014, we conducted qualitative in-depth interviews with 65 programme administrators and case managers of supportive housing programmes in Chicago, IL...
June 18, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623181/allele-level-hla-matching-for-umbilical-cord-blood-transplantation-for-non-malignant-diseases-in-children-a-retrospective-analysis
#10
Mary Eapen, Tao Wang, Paul A Veys, Jaap J Boelens, Andrew St Martin, Stephen Spellman, Carmem Sales Bonfim, Colleen Brady, Andrew J Cant, Jean-Hugues Dalle, Stella M Davies, John Freeman, Katherine C Hsu, Katharina Fleischhauer, Chantal Kenzey, Joanne Kurtzberg, Gerard Michel, Paul J Orchard, Annalisa Paviglianiti, Vanderson Rocha, Michael R Veneris, Fernanda Volt, Robert Wynn, Stephanie J Lee, Mary M Horowitz, Eliane Gluckman, Annalisa Ruggeri
BACKGROUND: The standard for selecting unrelated umbilical cord blood units for transplantation for non-malignant diseases relies on antigen-level (lower resolution) HLA typing for HLA-A and HLA-B, and allele-level for HLA-DRB1. We aimed to study the effects of allele-level matching at a higher resolution-HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, and HLA-DRB1, which is the standard used for adult unrelated volunteer donor transplantation for non-malignant diseases-for umbilical cord blood transplantation...
June 13, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622572/differential-predictive-value-of-ptsd-symptom-clusters-for-mental-health-care-among-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-following-ptsd-diagnosis
#11
Noelle B Smith, Jack Tsai, Robert H Pietrzak, Joan M Cook, Rani Hoff, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem
OBJECTIVES: Veterans from the recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan are being diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at high rates. This study examined characteristics associated with mental health service utilization, specifically psychotherapy, through the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), in a large cohort of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans newly diagnosed with PTSD. METHOD: This study utilized national VA administrative data from Iraq and Afghanistan veterans following an initial diagnosis of PTSD and completed a self-report measure of PTSD symptoms between Fiscal Years 2008-2012 (N=52,456; 91...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622402/prevalence-of-concurrent-prescribing-of-ace-is-and-arbs-among-beneficiaries-of-puerto-rico-s-government-sponsored-health-care-plan-during-2012-and-2013
#12
Denise Figueroa-Ríos, José J Hernández-Muñoz, Aileen García-Albarrán, Emily A García-Rodríguez, Glendaliz Méndez-Hernández, Suzette M Vélez-Rivera
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular conditions are the second cause of death in Puerto Rico. The individual use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-Is) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) is considered the first-line therapy for the treatment of several cardiovascular-related medical conditions. However, the concurrent use of these 2 therapeutic classes of drugs is not supported by treatment guidelines. Studies have shown that their concurrent use represents a potential health risk...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619081/burnout-among-workers-in-emergency-departments-in-palestinian-hospitals-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#13
Motasem Hamdan, Asma'a Abu Hamra
BACKGROUND: Working in Emergency Departments (EDs) entails high work pressure and stress due to witnessing human suffering and the unpredictable nature of the work. This environment puts personnel at risk of burnout. This analysis aims to assess burnout levels and associated risk factors among health workers in EDs in Palestinian hospitals. Also, it examines the association between burnout and workplace violence, as well as with job turnover. METHODS: Cross-sectional design utilising a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from all workers at 14 EDs; 8 from the West Bank and 6 from the Gaza Strip...
June 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617239/bifurcation-of-health-policy-regimes-a-study-of-sleep-apnea-care-and-benefits-coverage-in-saskatchewan
#14
Gregory P Marchildon, Caroline A Beck, Tarun R Katapally, Sylvia Abonyi, James A Dosman, Jo-Ann Episkenew
BACKGROUND: A complex, poorly understood bifurcated health policy regime exists for Canada's First Nations people for extended health benefits coverage. This research adds to a small body of literature on the regime's impact on access and quality of care and its role in perpetuating health inequities in First Nations populations. METHODS: Using a case study of sleep apnea care in Saskatchewan, we identified issues of health service access and coverage through a literature review of extended benefits programs, legislation and policies and through 10 key informant interviews with federal and provincial extended benefit program administrators and sleep medicine physicians...
May 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617065/unmet-needs-for-family-caregivers-of-elderly-people-with-dementia-living-in-italy-what-do-we-know-so-far-and-what-should-we-do-next
#15
Maria C De Cola, Viviana Lo Buono, Agata Mento, Mariella Foti, Silvia Marino, Placido Bramanti, Alfredo Manuli, Rocco S Calabrò
Care of the elderly with dementia represents one of the major challenges for the modern society worldwide. The burden of dementia care often falls on the family members, entailing heavy psychosocial and economic consequences. The aim of this study was to evaluate the caregiver's perspective concerning the support for disease management on behalf of the physicians and the local Sicilian administrations (Italy), and the burden of care and effects on their lifestyle, to propose new prevention strategies and service for managing dementia and caregiver's burden...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617014/real-world-program-evaluation-of-integrated-behavioral-health-care-improving-scientific-rigor
#16
Jennifer S Funderburk, Robyn L Shepardson
INTRODUCTION: Designing systematic, scientifically rigorous program evaluations (PE) is 1 way to contribute to the significant need to build best practices and a stronger evidence base for integrated behavioral health care. However, there are many potential pitfalls when conducting PE in real-world settings, and many clinicians and administrators may be hesitant to engage in PE due to lack of training or resources. Rigorous PE can be achieved feasibly and efficiently. METHOD: This article discusses common challenges that arise when conducting PE in integrated behavioral health care settings and illustrates ways to increase the methodological quality of PE efforts using lessons learned from 2 real-world case examples...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616934/temporal-trends-in-the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-diagnosed-adhd-in-children-and-young-adults-between-1999-and-2012-in-canada-a-data-linkage-study
#17
Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Fatoumata Binta Diallo, Louis Rochette, Mark Smith, Donald Langille, Elizabeth Lin, Steve Kisely, Eric Fombonne, Angus H Thompson, Johanne Renaud, Alain Lesage
OBJECTIVE: There is a need for the routine monitoring of treated attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for timely policy making. The objective is to report and assess over a decade the prevalence and incidence of diagnosed ADHD in Canada. METHODS: Administrative linked patient data from the provinces of Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia were obtained from the same sources as the Canadian Chronic Diseases Surveillance Systems to assess the prevalence and incidence of a primary physician diagnosis of ADHD ( ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes: 314, F90...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615754/telepsychiatry-in-india-where-do-we-stand-a-comparative-review-between-global-and-indian-telepsychiatry-programs
#18
REVIEW
Subrata Naskar, Robin Victor, Himabrata Das, Kamal Nath
A wide discrepancy exists in India between the existing mental healthcare repertoire and the alarmingly high burden of individuals requiring immediate attention from requisite mental healthcare services. Providing equitable mental healthcare across a vast country characterized by profound cultural variations and territorial caveats has remained a major public health concern. Against this gloomy backdrop, the emergence of distant communications technology offers solace and optimism as an ingenious approach to bridge the existing gap between clients and mental health professionals...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614897/-health-care-for-refugees-challenges-and-opportunities-in-hamburg
#19
Elke Jakubowski, Cornelius Rau, Sibylle Quellhorst, Peter Sothmann, Anita Plenge-Bönig, Johannes Niessen
The massive increase in the number of refugees represents a great challenge to German cities. In Hamburg, 40 868 asylum seekers were registered in 2015, of which 22 315 remained in the city. The goal of the health administration is to provide primary medical care in response to specific health risks and needs of refugees while allowing them to be swiftly integrated into the standard health care system. Public authorities, charities and civil society are working hand in hand. In all reception centres in Hamburg, medical consultations with translation services are offered in fully equipped medical container practices...
June 14, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614451/-indigenous-peoples-access-to-health-services-in-cuiab%C3%A3-mato-grosso-state-brazil
#20
Silvana Cardoso Gomes, Monique Azevedo Esperidião
This study aimed to evaluate indigenous peoples' access to medium and high-complexity health services in the municipality of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, through the Casa de Saúde Indígena or Indigenous Peoples' Clinic (CASAI Cuiabá). A single case study with a qualitative approach was conducted at CASAI Cuiabá. Data were obtained from observation of the work routines at CASAI Cuiabá, semi-structured interviews with health professionals and administrators from the Cuiabá Special Indigenous Health District (DSEI) and CASAI Cuiabá, and document analysis...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
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