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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471177/needs-of-students-seeking-careers-in-communication-sciences-and-disorders-and-barriers-to-their-success
#1
Akiko Fuse
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the needs for and barriers to success of underrepresented students in the Communication Sciences and Disorders field and to determine factors linked to student persistence and academic achievement. METHOD: An online survey was completed by 126 undergraduates pursuing graduate studies in Communication Sciences and Disorders. Data were subjected to Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis H tests. RESULTS: Survey responses indicated that financial matters exerted the most influence on students' preparation for and number of choices for graduate-school applications...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470802/male-undergraduates-hpv-vaccination-behavior-implications-for-achieving-hpv-associated-cancer-equity
#2
Hee Yun Lee, Katherine Lust, Suzanne Vang, Jay Desai
Despite the availability of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine for males, uptake of the vaccine has been low, particularly among young adult males. This study aimed to investigate the levels of HPV vaccination and predictors of HPV vaccine completion in college men ages 18-26. We analyzed data from the 2015 College Student Health Survey, which was administered at 17 post-secondary institutions in Midwest areas. We included only responses from male participants who were ages 18-26 years old, resulting in a sample size of 2516...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468920/training-medical-students-for-the-twenty-first-century-rationale-and-development-of-the-utrecht-curriculum-cru
#3
Olle Ten Cate, Jan Borleffs, Marijke van Dijk, Tineke Westerveld
AIM: The aim of this report, written for the 40th anniversary issue of Medical Teacher, is to document 20 years of development of the Utrecht undergraduate medical curriculum, as both to exhibit accountability and to inform the community of the process and choices that can be made in long-term curriculum development. METHODS: We used the SPICES model, created by Medical Teacher's Editor Ronald Harden and colleagues in 1984. RESULTS: The Utrecht six-year program, now called "CRU+", has many distinct features that were introduced, most of which are well documented...
February 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468913/the-epa-based-utrecht-undergraduate-clinical-curriculum-development-and-implementation
#4
Olle Ten Cate, Lysanne Graafmans, Indra Posthumus, Lisanne Welink, Marijke van Dijk
AIM: As reports of the application of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) increase, not only for postgraduate but also for undergraduate medical education, there is a need for descriptions of what a UME curriculum with EPAs could look like. We provide such a description based on the experiences at University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands, which can be used as an example by other curriculum developers. METHODS: In a three-year process, the UMC Utrecht Curriculum Committee developed a clinical workplace curriculum with an EPA structure, taking into account examples, such as the US Core EPAs for Entering Residency, and recommendations to integrate and increase the length of clerkships...
February 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466069/maintaining-professional-commitment-as-a-newly-credentialed-athletic-trainer-in-the-secondary-school-setting
#5
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Sarah L Myers, Stacy E Walker, Jessica Kirby
CONTEXT:   Professional commitment, or one's affinity and loyalty to a career, has become a topic of interest in athletic training. The expanding research on the topic, however, has omitted newly credentialed athletic trainers (ATs). For an impressionable group of practitioners, transitioning to clinical practice can be stressful. OBJECTIVE:   To explore the professional commitment of newly credentialed ATs in the secondary school setting. SETTING:   Secondary school...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461453/noncognitive-attributes-in-physician-assistant-education
#6
Anthony E Brenneman, Constance Goldgar, Karen J Hills, Jennifer H Snyder, Stephane P VanderMeulen, Steven Lane
Physician assistant (PA) admissions processes have typically given more weight to cognitive attributes than to noncognitive ones, both because a high level of cognitive ability is needed for a career in medicine and because cognitive factors are easier to measure. However, there is a growing consensus across the health professions that noncognitive attributes such as emotional intelligence, empathy, and professionalism are important for success in clinical practice and optimal care of patients. There is also some evidence that a move toward more holistic admissions practices, including evaluation of noncognitive attributes, can have a positive effect on diversity...
March 2018: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461137/getting-on-the-same-page-an-interprofessional-common-reading-program-as-foundation-for-patient-centered-care
#7
Regina F Doherty, Mary Knab, Peter S Cahn
A primary goal of interprofessional education is to produce clinicians who practice collaboratively to provide patient-centered care. This exploratory study evaluated whether students' attitudes about a literary account of an illness experience endured after a year of professional and clinical education and if students applied lessons learned from a common reading to the delivery of patient centered care. Six focus groups were completed with health professions students and five main themes emerged from the focus group data...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458698/non-24-hour-sleep-wake-circadian-rhythm-disorder-in-a-sighted-male-with-normal-functioning
#8
Sumera Shaikh Solaiman, Ritwick Agrawal
This is a rare case of non-24-hour sleep-wake rhythm disorder in a sighted male with normal functioning. The patient, a 23-year-old doctorate graduate student, presented with difficulty falling asleep and excessive daytime sleepiness. He reported variable sleep and wake times. Overnight baseline polysomnography was unremarkable and his Multiple Sleep Latency Test was significant for short mean sleep latency. Sleep diary and actigraphy were obtained, which demonstrated a pattern of delaying of sleep and wake times each day...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457915/how-good-are-we-at-selecting-students-that-meet-our-mission-outcomes-of-the-2011-and-2012-entering-classes-selected-by-a-locally-developed-multiple-mini-interview
#9
Carol A Terregino, H Liesel Copeland, Sonia Garcia Laumbach, Daniel Mehan, Dana Dunleavy, Thomas Geiger
BACKGROUND: Can a locally developed multiple mini interview (MMI) process lead to outcomes reflective of local values and mission? METHODS: In 2017, the authors performed a retrospective analysis of the relationship of MMI with multiple-choice-based outcomes and non-multiple-choice-based outcomes, including clerkship competencies, OSCE, scholarship/service/leadership, academic honor society induction, peer and faculty humanism nominations, and overall performance at graduation for two entering classes with acceptance decisions based exclusively on a locally developed MMI...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457509/evidence-based-practice-self-efficacy-of-undergraduate-speech-pathology-students-following-training
#10
Maree Doble, Kate Short, Elizabeth Murray, Hans Bogaardt, Patricia McCabe
AIM: The aims of this study were to determine the self-efficacy of speech pathology students in conducting evidence-based practice before and after a comprehensive evidence-based practice course, and the impact of timing of the course (Semester 1/2). METHOD: Students attended a 13-week course in their final year of study. The evidence-based practice confidence scale (EPIC) was used to measure the students' self-efficacy pre- and post-training. RESULTS: Ninety-two percent of students enrolled over six semesters participated...
February 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456822/self-ear-cleaning-practices-and-the-associated-risk-of-ear-injuries-and-ear-related-symptoms-in-a-group-of-university-students
#11
Nasim Banu Khan, Sivashnee Thaver, Samantha Marlene Govender
Self-ear cleaning is the insertion of objects into the ear canal to clean it, a widespread practice that has the potential to compromise its integrity as a natural, selfcleansing mechanism, and a risk factor for possible injuries. The practice is common among young adults and highest in university than any other graduates. This study aimed to determine the self-ear cleaning practices and associated risk of injury and related symptoms in undergraduate students at KwaZulu-Natal University. The descriptive survey utilized a self-administered questionnaire...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456381/evaluation-of-teaching-clinical-pharmacology-of-antiarrhythmic-drugs-to-first-year-mbbs-students-through-worksheet-based-small-group-discussion
#12
Ameya A Hasamnis, Aditya Arya
Cardiac arrhythmias are a major cause of morbidity and mortality across the world. Learning the science behind the use of antiarrhythmic drugs is essential for all medical graduates. However, many antiarrhythmic drugs are available, and most of them have complex pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profiles. We tried to improvise our teaching by conducting interactive, worksheet-based, small-group discussion on antiarrhythmic drugs with preclinical students of School of Medicine, Taylor's University, Malaysia...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456125/development-and-validation-of-a-tool-to-measure-dietitians-self-efficacy-with-using-mobile-health-apps-in-dietetic-practice
#13
Juliana Chen, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a tool for assessing dietitians' self-efficacy with using mobile health (mHealth) apps in dietetic practice. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A tool for measuring mHealth app self-efficacy among dietitians was constructed based on a literature review, consultation with experts, and Bandura's self-efficacy scales development guide. Senior dietetic students and new graduate dietitians in Australia (n = 100) tested the tool. OUTCOME MEASURES AND ANALYSIS: Validation of the tool was conducted using factor analysis...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453906/positive-implications-from-socially-accountable-community-engaged-medical-education-across-two-philippines-regions
#14
Torres Woolley, Fortunato Cristobal, Jusie Siega-Sur, Simone Ross, Andre-Jacques Neusy, Servando Halili, Carole Reeve
INTRODUCTION: Hundreds of millions of people worldwide lack access to quality health services, largely because of geographic and socioeconomic maldistribution of qualified practitioners. This study describes differences between the practice locations of Philippines medical graduates from two 'socially accountable, community-engaged' health professional education (SAHPE) schools and the practice locations of graduates from two 'conventionally trained' medical schools located in the same respective geographic regions...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451833/development-and-pilot-testing-of-a-text-message-vaccine-reminder-system-for-use-during-an-influenza-pandemic
#15
Jonathan D Lehnert, Alex Shevach, Sydney Walker, Rose Wang, Thomas J Fitzgerald, Samuel B Graitcer
In an influenza pandemic, two vaccine doses administered 21 days apart may be needed for individuals of all ages to achieve seroprotection. Achieving dose-series completion can be challenging even for routinely recommended vaccines. To prepare for a two-dose influenza pandemic vaccine campaign and promote dose-series completion and correct dosing intervals, CDC and its partners developed a text message-based vaccine reminder system to remind persons who receive a first dose of pandemic influenza vaccine to receive the second dose...
February 16, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451730/leveraging-a-leadership-development-framework-for-career-readiness
#16
Kirsten F Fox
This chapter provides a context for how colleges and universities can prepare students for career readiness by leveraging leadership development programs to further develop knowledge, skills, and competencies that translate to the changing world of work, particularly for graduates in transition to their first jobs.
March 2018: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450903/extended-physical-education-in-children-aged-6-15-years-was-associated-with-improved-academic-achievement-in-boys
#17
M E Cöster, J Fritz, C Karlsson, B E Rosengren, M K Karlsson
AIM: Physical activity (PA) has been associated with enhanced cognition, brain development and concentration. This study evaluated if increased physical education (PE) improved academic achievement. METHODS: We recruited 304 children (55% boys) from a Swedish school in Skane county in 1998-2002 when they were 6-7 years of age and followed them through all nine mandatory school years. Their PE level was increased from 60 minutes to 200 minutes per week and their results were compared with 73,885 control children (51% boys) in the county who graduated in the same years and did the standard 60 minutes of PE per week...
February 16, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450881/a-comparative-description-of-perceived-stress-and-coping-strategies-among-psychology-and-nonpsychology-students-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#18
Zahir Vally, Brettjet L Cody, Safeya N M Alsheraifi, Maryam A Albloshi
PURPOSE: This study describes perceived stress and coping strategies as they occur within a college-aged population from an Arab background. Variables were compared between psychology students and their peers from other faculties. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, correlational design was used for this study. A total of 114 students completed the Brief COPE questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale, and a measure of our own design to assess sources of psychosocial support...
February 16, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449270/internship-experiences-contribute-to-confident-career-decision-making-for-doctoral-students-in-the-life-sciences
#19
Alexandra M Schnoes, Anne Caliendo, Janice Morand, Teresa Dillinger, Michelle Naffziger-Hirsch, Bruce Moses, Jeffery C Gibeling, Keith R Yamamoto, Bill Lindstaedt, Richard McGee, Theresa C O'Brien
The Graduate Student Internships for Career Exploration (GSICE) program at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), offers structured training and hands-on experience through internships for a broad range of PhD-level careers. The GSICE program model was successfully replicated at the University of California, Davis (UC Davis). Here, we present outcome data for a total of 217 PhD students participating in the UCSF and UC Davis programs from 2010 to 2015 and 2014 to 2015, respectively. The internship programs at the two sites demonstrated comparable participation, internship completion rates, and overall outcomes...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449245/selection-for-family-medicine-residency-training-in-canada-how-consistently-are-the-same-students-ranked-by-different-programs
#20
Keith Wycliffe-Jones, Kent G Hecker, Shirley Schipper, Maureen Topps, Jeanine Robinson, Tasnima Abedin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the consistency of the ranking of Canadian and US medical graduates who applied to Canadian family medicine (FM) residency programs between 2007 and 2013. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. SETTING: Family medicine residency programs in Canada. PARTICIPANTS: All 17 Canadian medical schools allowed access to their anonymized program rank-order lists of students applying to FM residency programs submitted to the first iteration of the Canadian Resident Matching Service match from 2007 to 2013...
February 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
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