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Masters in health administration

Fatemeh Ghaffari, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Nasrin Navabi, Khatereh Seylani
BACKGROUND: Improving the quality of health care and rehabilitation for the elderly is one of the most important priorities of the health care system. Given the importance of evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of any program after its implementation, this study was conducted to identify the advantages and weaknesses of a geriatric nursing program at Tehran University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: This was a qualitative study, and the study population comprised students, graduates, and professors of geriatric nursing at the Master of Science level...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Kuei-Yun Lu, Pi-Hsia Lee, Wen-Yin Chang
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that regular physical activity is known to improve physical health and reduce absenteeism and perceived job strain, healthcare professionals currently perform inadequate physical activity. PURPOSE: To understand and compare the differences in stages of physical activity among nurses, physicians, and allied healthcare professionals. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire was used to survey nurses, physicians, and allied healthcare professionals who worked at four branches of a hospital in Taiwan...
October 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Rita Wegmüller, Amat Bah, Lindsay Kendall, Morgan M Goheen, Sarah Mulwa, Carla Cerami, Diego Moretti, Andrew M Prentice
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency prevalence rates frequently exceed 50 % in young children in low-income countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommended universal supplementation of young children where anaemia rates are >40 %. However, large randomized trials have revealed that provision of iron to young children caused serious adverse effects because iron powerfully promotes microbial growth. Hepcidin - the master regulator of iron metabolism that integrates signals of infection and iron deficiency - offers the possibility of new solutions to diagnose and combat global iron deficiency...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Karsten Brandt, Matthias Löbe, Michael Schaaf, Franziska Jahn, Alfred Winter, Sebastian Stäubert
Medical research and health care highly depend on the use of information technology. There is a wide range of application systems (patient administration system, laboratory information system, communication server etc.) and heterogeneous data types (administrative data, clinical data, laboratory data, image data, genomic data etc.). Students and researchers do not often have the possibility to use productive application systems of e.g. hospitals or medical practices to gain practical experiences or examine new components and technologies...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Maki Matsuhama, Tomoko Takishita, Ryosuke Kuribayashi, Kazunori Takagi, Rika Wakao, Kenichi Mikami
PURPOSE: A gap analysis survey of international practices for Active Substance Master Files (ASMFs)/Drug Master Files (DMFs) of human use was conducted as a project of the ASMF/DMF working group of the International Generic Drug Regulators Pilot (IGDRP) to identify similarities and differences among ASMF/DMF procedures of 10 IGDRP members and 2 observers. METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire survey and compared the following aspects: overall ASMF/DMF procedures, submission requirements for ASMFs/DMFs, assessment processes for ASMFs/DMFs, the technical requirements for active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), generation of assessment reports for ASMFs/DMFs, procedures for changing ASMF/DMF details, and Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) inspection/certification of API manufacturers...
April 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
Mohammad F Madhoun, Gregory A Cote, Sushil K Ahlawat, Nuzhat A Ahmad, Jonathan M Buscaglia, Audrey H Calderwood, Seth Crockett, Dayna S Early, Ferga C Gleeson, Suryakanth R Gurudu, Thomas F Imperiale, Julia J Liu, Patrick Mosler, Rahul Pannala, Patrick R Pfau, Joseph Romagnuolo, Jewel Samadder, Amrita Sethi, Amandeep K Shergill, Eun J Shin, Field Willingham, Jason A Dominitz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Since 1985, the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) has awarded grants for endoscopic-related research. The goals of this study were to examine trends in ASGE grant funding and to assess productivity of previous recipients of the ASGE grant awards. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis of all research grants awarded by the ASGE through 2009. Measures of academic productivity and self-assessment of the ASGE awards' impact on the recipients' careers were defined by using publicly available resources (eg, National Library of Medicine-PubMed) and administration of an electronic survey to award recipients...
September 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Mellissa Withers, David Press, Heather Wipfli, Judith McCool, Chang-Chuan Chan, Masamine Jimba, Christopher Tremewan, Jonathan Samet
BACKGROUND: Finding solutions to global health problems will require a highly-trained, inter-disciplinary workforce. Global health education and research can potentially have long-range impact in addressing the global burden of disease and protecting and improving the health of the global population. METHODS: We conducted an online survey of twelve higher education institutions in the Pacific Rim that spanned the period 2005-2011. Program administrators provided data on program concentrations, student enrollment and student funding opportunities for 41 public health programs, including those specific to global health...
2016: Globalization and Health
Jean Baptiste Kakoma
The area of Human Resources for Health (HRH) is the most critical challenge for the achievement of health related development goals in countries with limited resources. This is even exacerbated in a post conflict environment like Rwanda. The aim of this commentary is to report and share the genesis and outcomes of an exciting experience about training of qualified health workers in medicine and public health as well as setting - up of a research culture for the last nine years (2006 - 2014) in Rwanda. Many initiatives have been taken and concerned among others training of qualified health workers in medicine and public health...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Bethan Davies, Katy M E Turner, Maria Frølund, Helen Ward, Margaret T May, Steen Rasmussen, Thomas Benfield, Henrik Westh
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty in the risk of reproductive complications (pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, and tubal factor infertility) following chlamydia infection and repeat infection hampers the design of evidence-based chlamydia control programmes. We estimate the association between diagnosed chlamydia and episodes of hospital health care (inpatient, outpatient, and emergency department) for a reproductive complication. METHODS: We constructed and analysed a retrospective population-based cohort of women aged 15-44 years from administrative records in Denmark (1995-2012)...
September 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Yuxiang Xie, Marlena Maziarz, Delphine S Tuot, Glenn M Chertow, Jonathan Himmelfarb, Yoshio N Hall
BACKGROUND: The capacity of electronic health record (EHR) data to guide targeted surveillance in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unclear. We sought to leverage EHR data for predicting risk of progressing from CKD to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) to help inform surveillance of CKD among vulnerable patients from the healthcare safety-net. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adults (n = 28,779) with CKD who received care within 2 regional safety-net health systems during 1996-2009 in the Western United States...
2016: BMC Nephrology
Monica Chiarini Tremblay, Gloria J Deckard, Richard Klein
Health care organizations must develop integrated health information systems to respond to the numerous government mandates driving the movement toward reimbursement models emphasizing value-based and accountable care. Success in this transition requires integrated data analytics, supported by the combination of health informatics, interoperability, business process design, and advanced decision support tools. This case study presents the development of a master's level cross- and multidisciplinary informatics program offered through a business school...
July 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Marta Buzzi, Anne Rossel, Matteo Coen, Laurent Kaiser, Mohamed Abbas
Clostridia are ubiquitous Gram-positive bacteria whose toxins are responsible for serious diseases. In this article we report a case of foodborne botulism we have recently managed. Moreover, we briefly describe the major clinical syndromes caused by different species of Clostridium (except for C. difficile infections, as this subject has been previously extensively reviewed in this journal). Botulism causes a flaccid paralysis starting with cranial nerves. Administration of botulism anti-toxin should be rapidly considered as soon as botulism is suspected, as prognosis is largely dependent on timely treatment; alerting the public health authorities is equally important...
April 13, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
Carmen J Portillo, Suzan Stringari-Murray, Christopher B Fox, Erica Monasterio, Carol Dawson Rose
The increasing demand for primary care services and the current health care workforce shortage is predicted to cause drastic reductions in the number of clinicians who are competent to provide HIV care. For the past decade, the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) School of Nursing has provided HIV specialty education for Advanced Practice Nursing students in the Master's curriculum. In 2013, UCSF was funded by the Health Resources Services Administration to establish a nurse practitioner (NP) HIV primary care education program to expand the number of NPs prepared to provide culturally appropriate comprehensive HIV primary care...
May 2016: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2016: Modern Healthcare
Belete Mengitsu, Oumer Shafi, Biruck Kebede, Fikreab Kebede, Dagemlidet T Worku, Merce Herero, Michael French, Biruk Kebede, Charles Mackenzie, Sarah Martindale, Zeyede Kebede, Tigist Hirpa, Hannah Frawley, Kathryn Crowley, Maggie O'Neil, Scott McPherson
In June 2013, at the launch of its National Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) Master Plan, the Ethiopian government pledged to achieve WHO NTD elimination and control targets by 2020. With an estimated 80 million people living in areas where one or more NTDs are endemic, this goal presented an enormous challenge for the Federal Ministry of Health. However, as of September 2015, the Federal Ministry of Health has managed to mobilize support to implement mass drug administration in 84% of the trachoma endemic districts and 100% of the endemic districts for onchocerciasis, lymphatic filariasis, soil-transmitted helminthes and schistosomiasis...
March 2016: International Health
Stefano Ballestri, Fabio Nascimbeni, Dante Romagnoli, Enrica Baldelli, Amedeo Lonardo
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) describes steatosis, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis with or without fibrosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma, namely the entire alcohol-like spectrum of liver disease though observed in the nonalcoholic, dysmetabolic, individual free of competing causes of liver disease. NAFLD, which is a major public health issue, exhibits intrahepatic triglyceride storage giving rise to lipotoxicity. Nuclear receptors (NRs) are transcriptional factors which, activated by ligands, are master regulators of metabolism and also have intricate connections with circadian control accounting for cyclical patterns in the metabolic fate of nutrients...
March 2016: Advances in Therapy
Edward Krupat, Jules L Dienstag, W Carl Kester, Stan N Finkelstein
Increasingly, health care is being delivered in large, complex organizations, and physicians must learn to function effectively in them. As a result, several medical and business schools have developed joint programs to train physician leaders who receive both medical degree (MD) and master of business administration (MBA) degrees. We examined several themes in relation to these programs, revolving around concerns about who is attracted to them and whether exposure to the differing cultures of medicine and business have an impact on the professional identities of their graduates as manifested in their motivations, aspirations, and careers...
January 21, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Gregory S Greene, Sheila K West, Harran Mkocha, Beatriz Munoz, Shannath L Merbs
BACKGROUND: Simple surgical intervention advocated by the World Health Organization can alleviate trachomatous trichiasis (TT) and prevent subsequent blindness. A large backlog of TT cases remain unidentified and untreated. To increase identification and referral of TT cases, a novel approach using standard screening questions, a card, and simple training for Community Treatment Assistants (CTAs) to use during Mass Drug Administration (MDA) was developed and evaluated in Kongwa District, a trachoma-endemic area of central Tanzania...
December 2015: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Damion M Dooley, Aaron J Petkau, Gary Van Domselaar, William W L Hsiao
MOTIVATION: There are various reasons for rerunning bioinformatics tools and pipelines on sequencing data, including reproducing a past result, validation of a new tool or workflow using a known dataset, or tracking the impact of database changes. For identical results to be achieved, regularly updated reference sequence databases must be versioned and archived. Database administrators have tried to fill the requirements by supplying users with one-off versions of databases, but these are time consuming to set up and are inconsistent across resources...
April 15, 2016: Bioinformatics
Debra L Fowler, Deborah J Jones
BACKGROUND: Expert communication skills are essential for nurse leaders to effectively influence health care. Because effective communication is a learned process, the curriculum should promote the development of presentation skills. An educational strategy was designed to promote the development of effective presentation skills for learners in the Nursing Leadership and Administration (NLA) track of the master's in nursing curriculum. METHOD: Sixteen learners in the NLA cohort were participants in a three-session presentation skills workshop...
December 2015: Journal of Nursing Education
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