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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464967/the-familias-saludables-partnership-engaging-the-latino-community-to-address-early-childhood-obesity
#1
Darcy A Thompson, Deborah A Federspiel
Darcy A Thompson is an Associate Professor of pediatrics at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Her main research seeks to address early childhood obesity in low-income children. She works in the Lifestyle Medicine clinic at Children's Hospital Colorado, a clinic focused on caring for children with obesity and related comorbidities. She is also an Associate Medical Director for the Research Institute at Children's Hospital Colorado. Her training includes a Master of Public Health degree, a medical degree (Yale University) and the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Fellowship (University of Washington)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433867/research-during-general-surgery-residency-a-web-based-review-of-opportunities-structure-and-outputs
#2
Audrey Brochu, Rajesh Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Academic research is an integral part of general surgery training. Despite the recent research curriculum requirements of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, there is perceived lack of research structure for residents. The aim of this study was to identify research opportunities, structure, and academic outputs during general surgical United States (US) residency. METHODS: A Web-based review of all accredited general surgery US residency programs was undertaken...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429814/vaccination-timeliness-and-co-administration-among-kenyan-children
#3
Nina B Masters, Abram L Wagner, Bradley F Carlson, Matthew L Boulton
BACKGROUND: Timely administration of recommended vaccines requires children to have multiple vaccines co-administered in the first year of life. The objectives of this study were to estimate the proportion of timely vaccinations and the proportion of co-administered vaccines, and to assess the relationship between vaccine co-administration and vaccine timeliness in Kenyan children. METHODS: Using the 2014 Kenyan Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), we calculated the proportion of children who received co-administered and timely vaccine doses...
March 7, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425634/quantifying-medical-student-clinical-experiences-via-an-icd-code-logging-app
#4
Fred Rawlins, Cameron Sumpter, Dean Sutphin, Harold R Garner
OBJECTIVES: The logging of ICD Diagnostic, Procedure and Drug codes is one means of tracking the experience of medical students' clinical rotations. The goal is to create a web-based computer and mobile application to track the progress of trainees, monitor the effectiveness of their training locations and be a means of sampling public health status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have developed a web-based app in which medical trainees make entries via a simple and quick interface optimized for both mobile devices and personal computers...
March 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379955/a-multicomponent-preschool-to-third-grade-preventive-intervention-and-educational-attainment-at-35-years-of-age
#5
Arthur J Reynolds, Suh-Ruu Ou, Judy A Temple
Importance: Educational attainment is the leading social determinant of health, but few studies of prevention programs have examined whether the programs are associated with educational attainment outcomes after the mid-20s, especially for large-scale programs that provide a longer duration of services. Objective: To examine the association between a preschool to third grade intervention and educational attainment at midlife and differences by program duration, sex, and parental educational level...
January 29, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297405/research-capacity-building-integrated-into-phit-projects-leveraging-research-and-research-funding-to-build-national-capacity
#6
Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Roma Chilengi, Elizabeth Jackson, Cathy Michel, Manuel Napua, Jackline Odhiambo, Ayaga Bawah
BACKGROUND: Inadequate research capacity impedes the development of evidence-based health programming in sub-Saharan Africa. However, funding for research capacity building (RCB) is often insufficient and restricted, limiting institutions' ability to address current RCB needs. The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's African Health Initiative (AHI) funded Population Health Implementation and Training (PHIT) partnership projects in five African countries (Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania and Zambia) to implement health systems strengthening initiatives inclusive of RCB...
December 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230320/factors-promoting-and-inhibiting-sustained-impact-of-a-mental-health-task-shifting-program-for-hiv-providers-in-ethiopia
#7
D Jerene, M Biru, A Teklu, T Rehman, A Ruff, L Wissow
Background: Task-shifting mental health into general medical care requires more than brief provider training. Generalists need long-term support to master new skills and changes to work context are required to sustain change in the face of competing priorities. We examined program and context factors promoting sustainability of a mental health task-shifting training for hospital-based HIV providers in Ethiopia. Methods: Convergent mixed-methods quasi-experimental study...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176142/efficiency-and-productivity-of-county-level-public-hospitals-based-on-the-data-envelopment-analysis-model-and-malmquist-index-in-anhui-china
#8
Nian-Nian Li, Cun-Hui Wang, Hong Ni, Heng Wang
BACKGROUND: China began to implement the national medical and health system and public hospital reforms in 2009 and 2012, respectively. Anhui Province is one of the four pilot provinces, and the medical reform measures received wide attention nationwide. The effectiveness of the above reform needs to get attention. This study aimed to master the efficiency and productivity of county-level public hospitals based on the data envelopment analysis (DEA) model and Malmquist index in Anhui, China, and then provide improvement measures for the future hospital development...
December 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159602/competitive-advantage-of-mba-for-physician-executives-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Anthony D Turner, Stanislaw P Stawicki, Weidun Alan Guo
In response to systemic challenges facing the US healthcare system, many medical students, residents and practicing physicians are pursuing a Master in Business Administration (MBA) degree. The value of such proposition remains poorly defined. The aim of this review is to analyze current literature pertaining to the added value of MBA training for physician executives (PEs). We hypothesized that physicians who supplement their clinical expertise with business education gain a significant competitive advantage...
November 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118154/perceptions-and-attitudes-of-dental-hygiene-educators-about-the-establishment-of-doctoral-education-programs-in-dental-hygiene
#10
Cheryl A Davis, Gwen Essex, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: To assess the perceptions and attitudes of dental hygiene (DH) educators at selected colleges and universities regarding the establishment of doctoral educational programs in DH in the United States.Methods: An online survey of DH educators at the 58 U.S. schools offering baccalaureate or master's degree programs was used to assess participants' perceptions and attitudes regarding the following: need to establish doctoral programs in DH, interests in supporting their development, potential barriers and facilitators, and goals/motivators of potential enrollees...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111826/integration-of-systematic-clinical-interprofessional-training-in-a-student-faculty-collaborative-primary-care-practice
#11
Amy R Weinstein, Maria C Dolce, Megan Koster, Ravi Parikh, Emily Hamlyn, Elizabeth A McNamara, Alexa Carlson, Margarita V DiVall
The changing healthcare environment and movement toward team-based care are contemporary challenges confronting health professional education. The primary care workforce must be prepared with recent national interprofessional competencies to practice and lead in this changing environment. From 2012 to 2014, the weekly Beth Israel Deaconess Crimson Care Collaborative Student-Faculty Practice collaborated with Northeastern University to develop, implement and evaluate an innovative model that incorporated interprofessional education into primary care practice with the goal of improving student understanding of, and ability to deliver quality, team-based care...
January 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944270/the-role-of-leptin-in-health-and-disease
#12
REVIEW
Angela M Ramos-Lobo, Jose Donato
Leptin is a master regulator of energy balance and body adiposity. Additionally, leptin exerts important control on glucose homeostasis, thermogenesis, autonomic nervous system and neuroendocrine axes. In metabolic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes mellitus, leptin signaling may be compromised, indicating the important role of this hormone in the etiology and pathophysiological manifestations of these conditions. In the present manuscript, we reviewed important concepts of leptin signaling, as well as about the effects of leptin on several biologic functions...
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895809/screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-curriculum-integration-and-sustainability-social-work-and-nursing-faculty-perspectives
#13
M Nicole Belfiore, Marcela D Blinka, Karlynn BrintzenhofeSzoc, Joseph Shields
BACKGROUND: The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has funded grants to universities to provide training and conduct research on the dissemination of screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) to health care professionals. However, when it comes to integrating SBIRT content into an existing curriculum, difficulties can arise. When there is so much content already in the curriculum, adding more can be challenging. Additionally, some faculty believe that course curricula should be driven by the expertise and knowledge of faculty, not by opportunities afforded because of grant funding...
September 12, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713505/risk-factors-associated-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-of-the-neck-and-shoulder-in-the-personnel-of-kerman-university-of-medical-sciences
#14
Farzan Madadizadeh, Leila Vali, Sima Rafiei, Zahra Akbarnejad
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the neck and shoulder are the most common and most influential factors causing disorder in the performance and absenteeism of work in administrative personnel. AIM: To identify risk factors which affect musculoskeletal disorders of neck and shoulder areas in headquarters staff of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 on 282 headquarters personnel of Kerman University of Medical Sciences (Kerman, Iran)...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699818/implementing-brief-dynamic-interpersonal-therapy-dit-in-a-va-medical-center
#15
Cory K Chen, Christine P Ingenito, Michelle M Kehn, Nicole Nehrig, Karen S Abraham
BACKGROUND: Given increasing mental health needs in the VA, identifying strategies to deliver new services is critical. AIMS: This paper describes the process of navigating provider, patient and systems barriers of an initiative to increase choice, access and quality of psychotherapy at the VA by incorporating an evidence-based short-term, psychodynamic psychotherapy. METHODS: Brief Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy (DIT) was selected as a viable model for implementation...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688917/real-world-economic-burden-associated-with-transplantation-related-complications
#16
Miguel-Angel Perales, Machaon Bonafede, Qian Cai, Phillip M Garfin, Donna McMorrow, Neil C Josephson, Akshara Richhariya
Approximately 20,000 hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) procedures are performed annually in the United States. Real-world data on the costs associated with post-transplantation complications are limited. Patients with hematologic malignancies aged ≥18 years undergoing autologous HCT (auto-HCT) or allogeneic HCT (allo-HCT) between January 1, 2011, and June 30, 2014, were identified in the Truven Health MarketScan Research Databases. Patients were required to have 12 months of continuous medical and pharmacy enrollment before and after HCT; patients who experience inpatient death within 12 months post-HCT were also included...
October 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666173/linking-routinely-collected-social-work-education-and-health-data-to-enable-monitoring-of-the-health-and-health-care-of-school-aged-children-in-state-care-looked-after-children-in-scotland-a-national-demonstration-project
#17
D Clark, A King, K Sharpe, G Connelly, L Elliott, L M D Macpherson, A D McMahon, I Milligan, P Wilson, D I Conway, R Wood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Children in state care ('looked after children') have poorer health than children who are not looked after. Recent developments in Scotland and elsewhere have aimed to improve services and outcomes for looked after children. Routine monitoring of the health outcomes of looked after children compared to those of their non-looked after peers is currently lacking. Developing capacity for comparative monitoring of population-based outcomes based on linkage of routinely collected administrative data has been identified as a priority...
September 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640658/advancing-the-certified-in-public-health-examination-a-job-task-analysis
#18
Richard S Kurz, Christopher Yager, James D Yager, Allison Foster, Daniel H Breidenbach, Zachary Irwin
OBJECTIVES: In 2014, the National Board of Public Health Examiners performed a job task analysis (JTA) to revise the Certified in Public Health (CPH) examination. The objectives of this study were to describe the development, administration, and results of the JTA survey; to present an analysis of the survey results; and to review the implications of this first-ever public health JTA. METHODS: An advisory committee of public health professionals developed a list of 200 public health job tasks categorized into 10 work domains...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486247/inappropriate-oophorectomy-at-time-of-benign-premenopausal-hysterectomy
#19
Amandeep S Mahal, Kim F Rhoads, Christopher S Elliott, Eric R Sokol
OBJECTIVE: We assessed rates of oophorectomy during benign hysterectomy around the release of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 2008 practice bulletin on prophylactic oophorectomy, and evaluated predictors of inappropriate premenopausal oophorectomy. METHODS: A cross-sectional administrative database analysis was performed utilizing the California Office of Statewide Health Planning Development Patient Discharge Database for years 2005 to 2011...
August 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414990/medical-outcomes-associated-with-prescription-opioid-abuse-via-oral-and-non-oral-routes-of-administration
#20
Jody L Green, Becki Bucher Bartelson, M Claire Le Lait, Carl L Roland, Elizabeth T Masters, Jack Mardekian, J Elise Bailey, Richard C Dart
BACKGROUND: Prescription opioid abuse and misuse is a serious and growing public health issue. While the most common form of abuse is swallowing intact tablets/capsules, some abusers manipulate, or tamper with, these medications by altering the dosage form to allow for non-oral routes of administration (e.g., injection, inhalation) in order to achieve more rapid or enhanced psychoactive effects. Because administration of opioids via non-oral routes results in greater systemic availability and more rapid central nervous system penetration, we hypothesized that death and major medical outcomes occur more frequently with non-oral routes compared to oral route alone...
March 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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