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Resveratrol HepG2

Liying Guo, Kai Tan, Hao Wang, Xuan Zhang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies and the second cause of cancer-related deaths around the world. Pterostilbene (PTE), is a natural analog of resveratrol, possessing diverse pharmacological activities. In the present study, we aimed to examine the effect of PTE on tumor growth in mouse models of HCC and to elucidate the possible molecular mechanism in vivo and in vitro. We showed that PTE dose-dependently suppressed tumor growth in mice induced by diethylnitrosamine plus carbon tetrachloride, as evidenced by a decrease in the number of tumors and in the maximum size of the tumors...
October 5, 2016: Oncology Reports
Dongyan Shao, Yilin Wang, Qingsheng Huang, Junling Shi, Hui Yang, Zhongli Pan, Mingliang Jin, Haobin Zhao, Xiaoguang Xu
Resveratrol (Res) was previously reported to be capable of lowering plasma TC and LDL-C. The mechanism behind Res is not clearly understood, although it is presumed to have an effect on bile acid metabolism in the liver: a significant way in eliminating cholesterol from the body. As one of the major metabolites of Res in the liver, resveratrol glucuronides (Gres) is suspected to also contribute to the overall cholestrol-lowering activity of Res, which needs to be studied. In this research, when HepG2 steatosis hepatic cells were treated with Res and Gres at different concentration levels, Res and Gres showed similar activity in lowering cellular TC content...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Food Science
Liying Tang, Fengli Yang, Zhirui Fang, Chengmu Hu
Alcoholic fatty liver (AFL) is early stage of alcoholic liver disease, which can progress to steatohepatitis, fibrosis, and cirrhosis if alcohol consumption is continued. The pathogenesis of AFL is associated with excessive lipid accumulation in hepatocytes. Resveratrol (RES), a dietary polyphenol found in red wines and grapes, has been shown to have a hepatoprotective effect. Autophagy is a crucial physiological process in cellular catabolism that involves the regulation of lipid droplets. Autophagy maintains a balance between protein synthesis, degradation and self-recycling...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Ju Jin, Yan Li, Xiuli Zhang, Tongsheng Chen, Yifei Wang, Zhiping Wang
Cellular damage such as oxidation and lipid peroxidation, and DNA damage induced by free-radicals like reactive oxygen species, has been implicated in several diseases. Radicals generated by 2,2-azobis (2-amidino-propane) dihydrochloride (AAPH) are similar to physiologically active ones. In this study we found that polydatin, a resveratrol natural precursor derived from many sources, has the capacity of free radical scavenging and antioxidative damage. Using free radical scavenging assays, the IC50 values of polydatin were 19...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Lekshmi R Nath, S N Kumar, Arya A Das, Bala Nambisan, A Shabna, Chellapan Mohandas, Ruby John Anto
3,5-dihydroxy Q1 -4-ethyl-trans-stilbene (DETS) is a natural stilbene, which was first identified as bioactive bacterial secondary metabolite isolated from Bacillus cereus associated with a rhabditid entomopathogenic nematode. The present study was intended to investigate the antioxidant and anticancer activity of this compound in vitro. Antioxidant activity was investigated by assaying DPPH free radical scavenging, superoxide radical-(O2..) scavenging, hydroxyl radical scavenging and metal chelating activity, which proved that the compound is a powerful antioxidant...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Wei-Ming Chen, Lee-Hsin Shaw, Pey-Jium Chang, Shui-Yi Tung, Te-Sheng Chang, Chein-Heng Shen, Yung-Yu Hsieh, Kuo-Liang Wei
The present study aimed to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of resveratrol (RSV) against ethanol-induced oxidative stress in vivo, and investigate the underlying mechanisms by which RSV exerts its anti-oxidative effects on hepatic cells. C57BL/6J mice were divided into four groups: Untreated control, ethanol-treated, RSV-treated, and ethanol + RSV-treated. The plasma lipid profile, hepatic lipid accumulation and antioxidative enzyme activities were analyzed. HepG2 cells were used as a cellular model to analyze the effects of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) in the RSV-mediated protection of ethanol-induced oxidative stress...
April 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Xiang Duan, Mei Li, Huijie Ma, Xueming Xu, Zhengyu Jin, Xuebo Liu
Egg yolk phosvitin is the most highly phosphorylated protein found in the nature. The physicochemical properties of phosvitin-resveratrol complexes and their synergistic antioxidant activities in microemulsions were investigated. The particle diameters of microemulsions containing 0.5%, 1.0% and 2.0% phosvitin were 2.660, 0.501 and 0.414μm, respectively. The emulsifying activity index increased largely from 3.72 to 21.5m(2)/g with increasing phosvitin concentration from 0.5% to 2.0%. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermal analyses indicated that the microemulsions underwent a conformational change during homogenization...
September 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
Bishnubrata Patra, Chien-Chung Peng, Wei-Hao Liao, Chau-Hwang Lee, Yi-Chung Tung
Three-dimensional (3D) tumor spheroid possesses great potential as an in vitro model to improve predictive capacity for pre-clinical drug testing. In this paper, we combine advantages of flow cytometry and microfluidics to perform drug testing and analysis on a large number (5000) of uniform sized tumor spheroids. The spheroids are formed, cultured, and treated with drugs inside a microfluidic device. The spheroids can then be harvested from the device without tedious operation. Due to the ample cell numbers, the spheroids can be dissociated into single cells for flow cytometry analysis...
2016: Scientific Reports
Mi-Hua Liu, Xiao-Long Lin, Jian Li, Jun He, Tian-Ping Tan, Shao-Jian Wu, Shan Yu, Li Chen, Jun Liu, Wei Tian, Yu-Dan Chen, Hong-Yun Fu, Cong Yuan, Yuan Zhang
Resveratrol is a polyphenolic compound found in wine, which is mainly produced by the grapevine and exerts chemopreventive effects against hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms have remained to be fully elucidated. The present study assessed whether resveratrol-induced apoptosis was mediated via the activation of the forkhead box O3a (FoxO3a) transcription factor. It was demonstrated that resveratrol treatment induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells, and that this pro-apoptotic effect was accompanied with increases in the expression of apoptotic protein Bim...
February 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Zhaoli Ling, Nan Shu, Ping Xu, Fan Wang, Zeyu Zhong, Binbin Sun, Feng Li, Mian Zhang, Kaijing Zhao, Xiange Tang, Zhongjian Wang, Liang Zhu, Li Liu, Xiaodong Liu
Accumulating evidences demonstrated that statins impaired glucose utilization. This study was aimed to investigate whether PXR was involved in the atorvastatin-impaired glucose utilization. Rifampicin/PCN served as PXR activator control. Glucose utilization, glucose uptake, protein levels of GLUT2, GCK, PDK2, PEPCK1 and G6Pase in HepG2 cells were measured. PXR inhibitors, PXR overexpression and PXR siRNA were applied to verify the role of PXR in atorvastatin-impaired glucose utilization in cells. Hypercholesterolemia rats induced by high fat diet feeding, orally received atorvastatin (5 and 10 mg/kg), pravastatin (10 mg/kg) for 14 days, or intraperitoneally received PCN (35 mg/kg) for 4 days...
January 15, 2016: Biochemical Pharmacology
Jin-Ah Lee, Sang Keun Ha, EunJung Cho, Inwook Choi
The aim of this study was to improve the anti-inflammatory activities of apigenin through co-treatment with resveratrol as a bioenhancer of apigenin. RAW 264.7 cells pretreated with hepatic metabolites formed by the co-metabolism of apigenin and resveratrol (ARMs) in HepG2 cells were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). ARMs prominently inhibited (p < 0.05) the production of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α. Otherwise no such activity was observed by hepatic metabolites of apigenin alone (AMs)...
November 2015: Nutrients
Wenjing Zeng, Wen Shan, Lili Gao, Dongyan Gao, Yan Hu, Guangzhi Wang, Ning Zhang, Zhenlu Li, Xiaofeng Tian, Wei Xu, Jinyong Peng, Xiaochi Ma, Jihong Yao
The inflammatory mediator high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the regulation of HMGB1 in NAFLD, particularly through sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of SIRT1-mediated inhibition of HMGB1 release in NAFLD and the effect of salvianolic acid B (SalB), which is a water-soluble phenolic acid extracted from Radix Salvia miltiorrhiza, on NAFLD through SIRT1/HMGB1 signaling. In vivo, SalB treatment significantly attenuated high-fat diet (HFD)-induced liver damage, hepatic steatosis, and inflammation...
2015: Scientific Reports
Li Ying Tang, Yi Chen, Bei Bei Rui, Cheng Mu Hu
The pathogenesis of alcoholic fatty liver (AFL) disease is associated with the excessive accumulation of lipids in hepatocytes as well as oxidative stress. Resveratrol (RES), a dietary polyphenol found in red wine and grapes, has been shown to protect against AFL disease. However, the precise mechanisms that lead to this protective effect remain elusive. In this study, we used HepG2 cells to investigate the effects of RES on lipid metabolism and the mechanisms underlying these effects. HepG2 cells were cultured with oleic acid and alcohol for 48 h to induce excessive lipid accumulation...
August 6, 2015: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Makoto Kurano, Masumi Hara, Takahiro Nojiri, Hitoshi Ikeda, Kazuhisa Tsukamoto, Yutaka Yatomi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Resveratrol exerts a range of beneficial actions in several areas of pathophysiology, including vascular biology. Here, we have investigated the effects of resveratrol on apolipoprotein M (apoM), a carrier and modulator of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a vasoactive lipid mediator. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We used a hepatoma cell line (HepG2), human primary hepatocytes and C57BL/6 mice. We measured apoM, S1P and related enzymes, LDL receptors and sirtuin1 activity, using Western blotting, RT-PCR and enzyme assays...
January 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Germana Lombardi, Samuele Vannini, Francesca Blasi, Maria Carla Marcotullio, Luca Dominici, Milena Villarini, Lina Cossignani, Massimo Moretti
The aim of this work was to evaluate in vitro the genotoxic and/or antigenotoxic effects of resveratrol (RESV) and pterostilbene (PTER) on HepG2 cells. Moreover, additional tests were performed to evaluate early and late apoptosis events induced by the tested stilbenes. RESV and PTER did not show any genotoxic activity. As regards antigenotoxicity testing, RESV and PTER showed a typical, U-shaped hormetic dose-response relationship characterized by a biphasic trend with small quantities having opposite effects to large ones...
August 2015: Natural Product Communications
Dong Lin, Fang Dai, Lan-Di Sun, Bo Zhou
SCOPE: Catechol moieties are commonly present in dietary natural products that exert cancer chemopreventive activity. While the oxidative conversion of catechols into their corresponding o-quinones is generally considered to contribute to their cancer chemopreventive effects, the mechanism of the intracellular conversion has not been fully elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among resveratrol and its hydroxylated analogs examined, only 3,4-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene exerted cytoprotective effects against t-butylhydroperoxide-induced death of HepG2 cells...
December 2015: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Tiong Chai Seah, Yea Lu Tay, Heng Kean Tan, Tengku Sifzizul Tengku Muhammad, Habibah Abdul Wahab, Mei Lan Tan
A cell-based assay to measure cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) induction was developed to screen for potential CYP3A4 inducers. This 96-well format assay utilizes HepG2 cells transfected with a gene construct of CYP3A4 proximal promoter linked to green fluorescence protein (GFP) gene, and the expression of the GFP is then measured quantitatively. Bergamottin at 5 to 25 µmol/L produced low induction relative to the positive control. Both curcumin and lycopene were not found to affect the expression of GFP, suggesting no induction properties toward CYP3A4...
September 2015: International Journal of Toxicology
Fahad S Aldawsari, Rodrigo Aguayo-Ortiz, Kanishk Kapilashrami, Jakyung Yoo, Minkui Luo, José L Medina-Franco, Carlos A Velázquez-Martínez
Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol with plethora of biological activities. Resveratrol has previously shown to decrease DNA-methyltransferase (DNMT) enzymes expression and to reactivate silenced tumor suppressor genes. Currently, it seems that no resveratrol analogs have been developed as DNMT inhibitors. Recently, we reported the synthesis of resveratrol-salicylate derivatives and by examining the chemical structure of these analogs, we proposed that these compounds could exhibit DNMT inhibition especially that they resembled NSC 14778, a compound we previously identified as a DNMT inhibitor by virtual screening...
October 2016: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Yong Zhang, Ming-liang Chen, Yong Zhou, Long Yi, Yan-xiang Gao, Li Ran, Shi-hui Chen, Ting Zhang, Xi Zhou, Dan Zou, Bin Wu, Ying Wu, Hui Chang, Jun-dong Zhu, Qian-yong Zhang, Man-tian Mi
SCOPE: Resveratrol (RSV), a natural polyphenol, has been reported to attenuate nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); however, its underlying mechanism is unclear. Autophagy was recently identified as a critical protective mechanism during NAFLD development. Therefore, we investigated the role of autophagy in the beneficial effects of RSV on hepatic steatosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Via Oil red O staining, triglyceride, and β-hydroxybutyrate detection, we found that RSV decreased palmitate-induced lipid accumulation and stimulated fatty acid β-oxidation in hepatocytes...
August 2015: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Solenne Marmier, Renaud Dentin, Martine Daujat-Chavanieu, Hervé Guillou, Justine Bertrand-Michel, Sabine Gerbal-Chaloin, Jean Girard, Sophie Lotersztajn, Catherine Postic
UNLABELLED: Carbohydrate responsive element binding protein (ChREBP) is central for de novo fatty acid synthesis under physiological conditions and in the context of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. We explored its contribution to alcohol-induced steatosis in a mouse model of binge drinking as acute ethanol (EtOH) intoxication has become an alarming health problem. Within 6 hours, ChREBP acetylation and its recruitment onto target gene promoters were increased in liver of EtOH-fed mice...
October 2015: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
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