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Reuven Ishai, Christopher F Halpin, Jennifer J Shin, Michael J McKenna, Alicia M Quesnel
OBJECTIVES: 1) To evaluate the long-term incidence and degree of the sensorineural component of hearing loss (SNHL) in patients with otosclerosis after accounting for expected age-related hearing loss. 2) To identify variables that might predict development of sensorineural hearing loss due to otosclerosis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective audiometric database and chart review. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Consecutive patients with otosclerosis observed between 1994 and 2004, with ≥10 years follow-up, excluding patients with postoperative hearing loss or surgery before the initial audiogram...
October 12, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Alice C Coombs, Philip A Bird
OBJECTIVE: To describe the intraoperative findings and outcomes of stapedectomy surgery in Teunissen-Cremers syndrome. PATIENTS: A family of three patients with bilateral conductive hearing loss because of Teunissen-Cremers syndrome. INTERVENTION: Six exploratory tympanotomies and stapedectomies, including one revision operation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Intraoperative findings and postoperative hearing results. RESULTS: There was an increased distance between the incus and the vestibule, a thicker long process of the incus, and slight variation in the relative position of the ossicles in all patients...
October 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Reuven Ishai, Christopher F Halpin, Michael J McKenna, Alicia M Quesnel
OBJECTIVES: 1) To evaluate the long-term (≥10 year) clinical incidence of endolymphatic hydrops (EH) after stapedectomy for otosclerosis, using low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss (LFSNHL) as a marker for EH. 2) To determine the histologic incidence of EH in human temporal bone specimens (TBS) with a history of stapedectomy for otosclerosis. 3) To determine the histologic incidence of EH in a control group of human TBS. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review and temporal bone study...
August 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Cristina Dudau, Fakhruddin Salim, Dan Jiang, Steve E J Connor
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic efficacy and therapeutic impact of CT in evaluating patients with clinically suspected otosclerosis. METHODS: CT scans performed over a 5-year period for clinically suspected otosclerosis were retrospectively reviewed. CT diagnoses were correlated with subsequent surgical management. For otosclerosis positive cases, clinically significant extensions of otosclerosis were correlated with audiometry and the diagnosis was correlated with surgical findings...
June 30, 2016: European Radiology
G Ziade, R Barake, T El Natout, M-A El Natout
INTRODUCTION: Pneumolabyrinth is defined as the presence of air within the inner ear causing cochleovestibular signs and symptoms. Twenty-seven cases of pneumolabyrinth are published in the literature of which only two were described as delayed pneumolabyrinth as a complication of stapes surgery. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old male patient presented with vertigo after Valsalva maneuver 12 years after stapedectomy. He was diagnosed with delayed pneumolabyrinth on high resolution computed tomography and underwent an exploratory tympanotomy with surgical repair...
June 15, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Joseph B Nadol
HYPOTHESIS: Endolymphatic hydrops of the human inner ear may be localized focally in the pars inferior of the human inner ear. BACKGROUND: Endolymphatic hydrops may be found in the human inner ear in patients who in life had suffered from Ménière's syndrome or a variety of other disorders. The degree of endolymphatic hydrops may differ based on location in the inner ear. METHODS: A computer-assisted search of all cases in the collection of the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary in which endolymphatic hydrops was found in the inner ear yielded 13 specimens in which there was good evidence for focal endolymphatic hydrops in the pars inferior...
August 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Tirth R Patel, Aaron C Moberly
Objectives. We describe an unusual case of surgical management of congenital mixed hearing loss in a female patient with inner ear malformation. This report outlines the role of temporal bone imaging and previous surgical history in evaluating a patient's risk of perilymph gusher during stapes surgery. Methods. A 68-year-old female patient with a history of profound bilateral mixed hearing loss due to ossicular and cochlear malformation presented to our otology clinic. She had undergone multiple unsuccessful previous ear surgeries...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Patrick F Morgan, Peter G Volsky, Barry Strasnick
Sympathetic hearing loss (SHL) is a rare complication that appears to occur when the immune system is primed against sequestered inner ear antigens. SHL has been implicated in delayed hearing loss after acoustic tumor removal, revision stapedectomy, and temporal bone fractures. We present 2 cases of suspected SHL after excision of skull base tumors during which the surgical approach had violated the otic capsule. Both patients experienced delayed contralateral sensorineural hearing loss. In comparing our cases with those previously reported, we hope to inspire others to do likewise and to develop an understanding of this clinical entity...
April 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Stephan Radoslavov Lolov
To the best of the author's knowledge, no case of a patient with stapediovestibular ankylosis who was also coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been previously described in the literature. This report describes the case of a 36-year-old woman who was diagnosed with all three conditions. The clinical diagnosis of stapes fixation was based on otoscopic, audiometric, tympanometric, and surgical findings. Stapedectomy was performed, and perilymph and serum samples were obtained and tested for anti-HIV and anti-HCV antibodies...
March 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Leire García-Iza, Juan José Navarro, Miren Goiburu, Nuria Pérez, Xabier Altuna
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Bone conduction threshold depression is not always a result of inner ear and cochlear nerve pathology. In fact, middle ear pathologies may be responsible for such threshold depression, as occurs in otosclerosis. The aims of this study were to evaluate the improvement of bone conduction threshold in patients with otosclerosis that underwent stapedectomy and to study the postoperative audiological results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study on 95 patients (116 ears) diagnosed with otosclerosis having conductive or mixed hearing loss that received surgery (stapedectomy and complete removal of the footplate) consecutively...
September 2016: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Alicia M Quesnel, Reuven Ishai, Sebahattin Cureoglu, Fred Linthicum, Ivan A Lopez, Joseph B Nadol, Michael J McKenna
HYPOTHESIS: Nonotosclerotic stapes fixation does not represent a significant cause of stapes ankylosis in patients undergoing stapedectomy; the vast majority have otosclerosis. BACKGROUND: Nonotosclerotic stapes fixation has been proposed as the diagnosis in 30 to 40% of patients undergoing stapedectomy (after excluding rare congenital, systemic, and syndromic causes of stapes fixation and tympanosclerosis). This finding was based on the histopathologic evaluation of total stapedectomy surgical specimens...
April 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Yann-Fuu Kou, Vivian F Zhu, Joe Walter Kutz, Ron B Mitchell, Brandon Isaacson
OBJECTIVE: To describe the feasibility of using a transcanal endoscopic approach for management of cerebrospinal leaks secondary to congenital inner ear malformations. PATIENTS: Two pediatric patients with congenital inner ear malformations and concurrent cerebrospinal fluid leakage. INTERVENTION: A stapedectomy was performed and the inner ear was packed with temporalis muscle using a transcanal endoscopic approach. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Cessation of cerebrospinal fluid leakage from the inner ear to the middle ear...
January 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Alicia M Quesnel, Joseph B Nadol, G Petur Nielsen, Hugh D Curtin, Marci M Lesperance
OBJECTIVE: To describe the human temporal bone histopathology in NOG-related symphalangism spectrum disorder, a spectrum of congenital stape fixation syndromes caused by mutations in the NOG gene. To discuss implications for clinical management. PATIENT: A patient with a mutation in the NOG gene. INTERVENTION(S): Removal of temporal bones, postmortem temporal bone computed tomography, histologic processing, and review of temporal bones. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Temporal bone histopathology and correlation with clinical, genetic, audiologic, and radiologic evaluations...
December 2015: Otology & Neurotology
Takashi Sakamoto, Shu Kikuta, Yayoi S Kikkawa, Katsuhiro Tsutsumiuchi, Kaori Kanaya, Yoko Fujimaki, Rumi Ueha, Yuki Saito, Tatsuya Yamasoba
BACKGROUND: Otosclerosis is an abnormal bone growth in the otic capsule that can result in hearing loss. In this study, we compared postoperative hearing outcomes and vestibular symptoms between patients treated with laser-assisted stapedotomy versus stapedectomy. METHODS: The medical charts of 99 ears treated with stapes surgery were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: A stapedotomy, partial stapedectomy, or total stapedectomy was conducted in 77, 16, and 56 ears, respectively...
2015: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
Daniele Marchioni, Davide Soloperto, Domenico Villari, Maria Fatima Tatti, Elena Colleselli, Elisabetta Genovese, Livio Presutti
The aim of this study is to investigate the contribute of the endoscopic exclusive transcanalar approach for the management of stapes malformations. A retrospective chart review was made at our tertiary referral centers. 17 patients with stapes malformations underwent surgery with endoscopic exclusive transcanal approach. A complete audiological and radiological assessment before and after surgery was performed. 12/17 (70 %) underwent a surgical endoscopic correction, In case of fixed platina underwent five endoscopic stapedotomy and one endoscopic stapedectomy were performed...
July 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
J Eric Lupo, Brian M Strickland, John W House
OBJECTIVES: (1) To describe the use of total ossicular prostheses (TOPs) in the setting of stapedectomy requiring an incus bypass procedure. (2) To analyze the short- and long-term audiometric results of TOP utilization in the setting of stapedectomy for an incus bypass procedure. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Tertiary neurotologic referral center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventeen cases of TOP reconstruction after stapedectomy were performed due to advanced incus erosion...
December 2015: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Riza Dundar, Hüsamettin Bulut, Osman Kadir Güler, Ahmet Yükkaldiran, Yunus Demirtaş, Ismail Iynen, Ferhat Bozkuş, Erkan Kulduk
OBJECTIVES: Following the initial use of endoscopes in otology, the pros and cons of these instruments have been questioned increasingly. These instruments cause an increase in temperature that needs to be investigated. In this study, the authors aimed to investigate the temperature increase caused by endoscopes and light sources in the perilymph by performing a stapedotomy in an animal model under anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: The study was performed in a guinea pig model...
July 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Cinzia L Marchica, Issam Saliba
OBJECTIVES: To identify whether measurement of the prosthesis length is mandatory in patients requiring otosclerosis surgeries and to assess their postoperative audiometric outcomes. In addition, evaluation of prosthesis length used in revision compared to primary stapedectomy was carried out. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. METHODS: Chart review of 393 patients undergoing primary (321) versus revision stapedectomy (72) was performed in a tertiary referral center...
2015: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Nicholas A Dewyer, Ruwan Kiringoda, Yoseph A Kram, Jolie L Chang, C Y Joseph Chang, Steven W Cheung
OBJECTIVE: To relate poststapedectomy change in tinnitus loudness to change in tinnitus severity. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, within-subjects. SETTING: A single otology and neurotology subspecialty referral practice. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty-nine subjects undergoing stapedectomy completed the study between January 2012 and October 2013. Tinnitus instruments, audiometric data, and demographic information were collected prior to and 1 and 6 months after surgery...
December 2015: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Samantha J Mikals, Gerald I Schuchman, Joshua G Bernstein, Arnaldo L Rivera
Cochlear implants have recently begun to be offered to patients with single-sided deafness (SSD). Implantation in these patients has led to good results in suppressing ipsilateral tinnitus and in providing audiologic benefits in terms of speech perception in noise and localization. One previously unreported benefit of cochlear implantation in patients with SSD is the restoration of functional hearing in the previously deaf ear, which may allow for surgical opportunities in the contralateral hearing ear. We report a case in which cochlear implantation in the deaf left ear of a 50-year-old man allowed for surgical intervention in the previously only-hearing right ear, which in turn led to the restoration of normal middle ear function...
March 2015: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
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