keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

intelligent quotient

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937959/prenatal-fluoride-exposure-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-children-at-4-and-6-12-years-of-age-in-mexico
#1
Morteza Bashash, Deena Thomas, Howard Hu, E Angeles Martinez-Mier, Brisa N Sanchez, Niladri Basu, Karen E Peterson, Adrienne S Ettinger, Robert Wright, Zhenzhen Zhang, Yun Liu, Lourdes Schnaas, Adriana Mercado-García, Martha María Téllez-Rojo, Mauricio Hernández-Avila
BACKGROUND: Some evidence suggests that fluoride may be neurotoxic to children. Few of the epidemiologic studies have been longitudinal, had individual measures of fluoride exposure, addressed the impact of prenatal exposures or involved more than 100 participants. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to estimate the association of prenatal exposure to fluoride with offspring neurocognitive development. METHODS: We studied participants from the Early Life Exposures in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) project...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933607/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-web-based-multi-modal-therapy-program-to-improve-executive-functioning-in-children-and-adolescents-with-acquired-brain-injury
#2
Adina Piovesana, Stephanie Ross, Owen Lloyd, Koa Whittingham, Jenny Ziviani, Robert S Ware, Lynne McKinlay, Roslyn N Boyd
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of a multi-modal web-based therapy program, Move it to improve it (Mitii™) delivered at home to improve Executive Functioning (EF) in children with an acquired brain injury (ABI). DESIGN: Randomised Waitlist controlled trial. SETTING: Home environment. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty children with an ABI were matched in pairs by age and intelligence quotient then randomised to either 20-weeks of Mitii™ training or 20 weeks of Care As Usual (waitlist control; n=30; 17 males; mean age=11y, 11m (±2y, 6m); Full Scale IQ=76...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925538/maternal-intelligence-quotient-iq-predicts-iq-and-language-in-very-preterm-children-at-age-5%C3%A2-years
#3
Rachel E Lean, Rachel A Paul, Christopher D Smyser, Cynthia E Rogers
BACKGROUND: Sociodemographic factors are linked to cognitive outcomes in children born very preterm (VPT; ≤30 weeks gestation). The influence of maternal intellectual ability, a heritable trait, is unknown. Also undetermined is the extent to which associations between maternal and child intellectual ability vary according to parenting behaviors that target cognitive stimulation in the home. METHODS: At age 5 years, 84 VPT and 38 demographically matched full-term (FT) children underwent neurodevelopmental assessment...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920569/high-functioning-autism-patients-share-similar-but-more-severe-impairments-in-verbal-theory-of-mind-than-schizophrenia-patients
#4
L N W Tin, S S Y Lui, K K Y Ho, K S Y Hung, Y Wang, H K H Yeung, T Y Wong, S M Lam, R C K Chan, E F C Cheung
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that autism and schizophrenia share similarities in genetic, neuropsychological and behavioural aspects. Although both disorders are associated with theory of mind (ToM) impairments, a few studies have directly compared ToM between autism patients and schizophrenia patients. This study aimed to investigate to what extent high-functioning autism patients and schizophrenia patients share and differ in ToM performance. METHODS: Thirty high-functioning autism patients, 30 schizophrenia patients and 30 healthy individuals were recruited...
September 18, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906246/the-relationship-between-central-auditory-processing-language-and-cognition-in-children-being-evaluated-for-central-auditory-processing-disorder
#5
Lauren Brenneman, Elizabeth Cash, Gail D Chermak, Linda Guenette, Gay Masters, Frank E Musiek, Mallory Brown, Julianne Ceruti, Krista Fitzegerald, Kristin Geissler, Jennifer Gonzalez, Jeffrey Weihing
BACKGROUND: Pediatric central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) is frequently comorbid with other childhood disorders. However, few studies have examined the relationship between commonly used CAPD, language, and cognition tests within the same sample. PURPOSE: The present study examined the relationship between diagnostic CAPD tests and "gold standard" measures of language and cognitive ability, the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals (CELF) and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903883/the-natural-history-of-the-patients-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-in-taiwan-a-medical-center-experience
#6
Wen-Chen Liang, Chen-Hua Wang, Po-Ching Chou, Wan-Zi Chen, Yuh-Jyh Jong
BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common hereditary muscular dystrophy and caused by DMD gene mutation. In addition to progressive proximal muscle weakness, respiratory, orthopedic, and gastrointestinal complications are often observed in DMD. The natural history of patients with DMD in Taiwan has not been reported thus far. METHODS: Medical records of 39 patients who received a diagnosis of DMD between 1999 and 2016 at Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital were reviewed...
August 25, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899387/cognitive-performance-of-children-living-in-endemic-areas-for-plasmodium-vivax
#7
Laélia M B F Brasil, José L F Vieira, Eliete C Araújo, Pedro P F Piani, Rosa M Dias, Ana M R S Ventura, Bianca C Cabral, Renée C R Santa Brígida, Marcieni A de Andrade
BACKGROUND: The role of repeated episodes of malaria on the cognitive development of children is a relevant issue in endemic areas since it can have a long-lasting impact on individual lifespan. The aim of the current paper was to investigate whether the history of malaria can impair the verbal and performance skills of children living in an endemic area with low transmission of Plasmodium vivax malaria. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with children living in an endemic area of P...
September 12, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882722/cognition-in-patients-with-benign-epilepsy-with-centrotemporal-spikes-a-study-with-long-term-veeg-and-rs-fmri
#8
Xinxin Yan, Qing Yu, Yuting Gao, Liting Li, Danhua Yu, Ying Chen, Xiaojuan Yao, Weidong Yang, Zhijuan Chen, Jianzhong Yin, Yang An, Ke Tan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between alterations of functional brain network and cognition in patients with benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) as a function of spike-wave index (SWI) during slow wave sleep. METHODS: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) data and Intelligence Quotient (IQ) were collected from two groups of patients with BECTS, including a SWI<50% group (5 cases) and a SWI≥50% group (7 cases)...
September 4, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877090/academic-achievement-deficits-and-their-neuropsychological-correlates-in-children-born-extremely-preterm
#9
Natacha Akshoomoff, Robert M Joseph, H Gerry Taylor, Elizabeth N Allred, Timothy Heeren, Thomas M OʼShea, Karl C K Kuban
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the risks associated with learning disabilities (LDs) in a large sample of children born extremely preterm. We predicted higher than expected rates of LD, particularly in math, and children with LD in math, reading, or both would have lower intelligence quotients (IQs) and specific patterns of neuropsychological deficits. METHODS: We evaluated academic achievement, rates of LD, and their neuropsychological correlates in the Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns (ELGANs) Study cohort of 10-year-old children born at 23 to 27 weeks gestational age...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872351/neuropsychological-outcome-of-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-its-association-with-late-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-a-cohort-study
#10
Daniele S J Volpe, Nátali C A C Oliveira, A Carlos Santos, Maria B M Linhares, Ana P C P Carlotti
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate neuropsychological outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its association with trauma severity and late magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of patients with TBI admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit over 5 years. Trauma severity was determined by Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), neurological outcome by King's Outcome Scale for Childhood Head Injury (KOSCHI) and neuropsychological outcome by Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fourth Edition...
September 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864868/meta-analysis-of-intelligence-quotient-iq-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#11
REVIEW
Amitai Abramovitch, Gideon Anholt, Sagi Raveh-Gottfried, Naama Hamo, Jonathan S Abramowitz
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with a moderate degree of underperformance on cognitive tests, including deficient processing speed. However, despite little research focusing on Intelligence Quotient (IQ) in OCD, it has long been speculated that the disorder is associated with elevated intellectual capacity. The present meta-analytic study was, therefore, conducted to quantitatively summarize the literature on IQ in OCD systematically. We identified 98 studies containing IQ data among individuals with OCD and non-psychiatric comparison groups, and computed 108 effect sizes for Verbal IQ (VIQ, n = 55), Performance IQ (PIQ, n = 13), and Full Scale IQ (FSIQ, n = 40)...
September 1, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857328/different-aspects-of-emotional-intelligence-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#12
Mathell Peter, Arnoud R Arntz, Theo Klimstra, Ad J J M Vingerhoets
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated deficiencies in different components of emotional intelligence in borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHOD: The Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) and the Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i) were used to assess EI dimensions. BPD patients (N = 85; 69 women; M = 33.6 years) were compared with Cluster C personality disorder (PD) patients (N = 39; 23 women; M = 36.6 years) and nonpatients (N = 69; 44 women; M = 35...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846745/comparison-of-cognitive-and-brain-grey-matter-volume-profiles-between-multiple-sclerosis-and-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder
#13
Hiroki Masuda, Shigeki Hirano, Nobuyoshi Takahashi, Etsuko Hatsugano, Akiyuki Uzawa, Tomohiko Uchida, Ryohei Ohtani, Satoshi Kuwabara, Masahiro Mori
OBJECTIVE: Brain regions responsible for cognitive dysfunction in MS and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) are not known. Our aim of this study was to investigate whether cognitive function and brain volume differed between MS and NMOSD in Japanese patients. METHODS: Brain MRI and neuropsychological tests including the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III (WAIS-III), Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R), Trail Making Test (TMT) and Clinical Assessment for Attention (CAT) were performed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839456/correlates-of-social-functioning-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-the-role-of-social-cognition
#14
Lauren Bishop-Fitzpatrick, Carla A Mazefsky, Shaun M Eack, Nancy J Minshew
BACKGROUND: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience marked challenges with social function by definition, but few modifiable predictors of social functioning in ASD have been identified in extant research. This study hypothesized that deficits in social cognition and motor function may help to explain poor social functioning in individuals with ASD. METHOD: Cross-sectional data from 108 individuals with ASD and without intellectual disability ages 9 through 27...
March 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836705/survival-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-extremely-preterm-infants-22-24%C3%A2-weeks-of-gestation-born-in-western-australia
#15
Mary Sharp, Noel French, Judy McMichael, Catherine Campbell
AIM: The management of births at borderline viability continues to present dilemmas for health professionals and parents. The aim of the study was to review local outcomes of infants born between 22 and 24 weeks of gestation between 2004 and 2010 in Western Australia (WA) to aid perinatal counselling. METHODS: Survival data for the study were sourced retrospectively from the Neonatal Clinical Care Unit and Department of Health records of births in WA. Neurodevelopmental follow-up outcomes were assessed using the most recent standardised assessment (Griffiths, Bayley-III and Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, 3rd Ed) and medical examination of infants/children 12 months to 8 years from follow-up clinic appointments...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831199/targeted-sequencing-and-functional-analysis-reveal-brain-size-related-genes-and-their-networks-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#16
Jinchen Li, Lin Wang, Hui Guo, Leisheng Shi, Kun Zhang, Meina Tang, Shanshan Hu, Shanshan Dong, Yanling Liu, Tianyun Wang, Ping Yu, Xin He, Zhengmao Hu, Jinping Zhao, Chunyu Liu, Zhong Sheng Sun, Kun Xia
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) represents a set of complex neurodevelopmental disorders with large degrees of heritability and heterogeneity. We sequenced 136 microcephaly or macrocephaly (Mic-Mac)-related genes and 158 possible ASD-risk genes in 536 Chinese ASD probands and detected 22 damaging de novo mutations (DNMs) in 20 genes, including CHD8 and SCN2A, with recurrent events. Nine of the 20 genes were previously reported to harbor DNMs in ASD patients from other populations, while 11 of them were first identified in present study...
September 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829775/novel-subgroups-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-identified-by-topological-data-analysis-and-their-functional-network-modular-organizations
#17
Sunghyon Kyeong, Jae-Jin Kim, Eunjoo Kim
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a clinically heterogeneous condition and identification of clinically meaningful subgroups would open up a new window for personalized medicine. Thus, we aimed to identify new clinical phenotypes in children and adolescents with ADHD and to investigate whether neuroimaging findings validate the identified phenotypes. Neuroimaging and clinical data from 67 children with ADHD and 62 typically developing controls (TDCs) from the ADHD-200 database were selected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812058/environmental-pollutants-and-neurodevelopment-review-of-benefits-from-closure-of-a-coal-burning-power-plant-in-tongliang-china
#18
Vrinda Kalia, Frederica Perera, Deliang Tang
Background. Understanding preventable causes of neurodevelopmental disorders is a public health priority. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) from combustion of fossil fuel, lead, and mercury are among known neurodevelopmental toxicants. Method. For the first time, we comprehensively review the findings from a study by the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health and Chinese partners that followed 2 groups of mother-child pairs, one from 2002 and another from 2005, in Tongliang County, China. Pregnant mothers in the 2 cohorts experienced different exposure to PAH because a local coal-burning power plant was shut down in 2004...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808839/individuals-with-autism-have-higher-8-iso-pgf2%C3%AE-levels-than-controls-but-no-correlation-with-quantitative-assay-of-paraoxonase-1-serum-levels
#19
Bianca Pop, Alexandru-Ștefan Niculae, Tudor Lucian Pop, Andreea Liana Răchișan
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) represents a very large set of neurodevelopmental issues with diverse clinical outcomes. Various hypotheses have been put forth for the etiology of autism spectrum disorder, including issues pertaining to oxidative stress. In this study, we conducted measurements of serum 8-Iso-Prostaglanding F2 α (8-iso-PGF2α, which is the results of non-enzimatically mediated polyunsaturated fatty acid oxidation) in a population of individuals with autism and a control group of age and sex matched controls...
August 14, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802988/does-education-play-a-role-in-language-reorganization-after-surgery-in-drug-refractory-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-an-fmri-based-study
#20
Kapil Chaudhary, Bhargavi Ramanujam, S Senthil Kumaran, P Sarat Chandra, Ashima Nehra Wadhawan, Ajay Garg, Manjari Tripathi
OBJECTIVES: Patients with drug refractory epilepsy (DRE) and a high level of education may differ in their language recovery after surgery. Our aim was to determine whether there were differences in the extent of improvement and pattern of reorganization of language functions on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) after surgery to treat refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) between patients with more than 12 years of formal education versus those with a shorter period of regular schooling...
October 2017: Epilepsy Research
keyword
keyword
65862
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"