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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527481/rethinking-anatomy-how-to-overcome-challenges-of-medical-education-s-evolution
#1
REVIEW
Bruno Guimarães, Luís Dourado, Stanislav Tsisar, José Miguel Diniz, Maria Dulce Madeira, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Due to scientific and technological development, Medical Education has been readjusting its focus and strategies. Medical curriculum has been adopting a vertical integration model, in which basic and clinical sciences coexist during medical instruction. This context favours the introduction of new complementary technology-based pedagogical approaches. Thus, even traditional core sciences of medical curriculum, like Anatomy, are refocusing their teaching/learning paradigm...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526630/what-is-the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-erectile-function-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Felipe Placco Araujo Glina, Júlia Walter de Freitas Barboza, Victor Moises Nunes, Sidney Glina, Wanderley Marques Bernardo
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a worldwide public health issue that has severe psychological and social implications. Erectile dysfunction also is a prevalent clinical situation, and obesity is one of the primary risk factors for its development. AIM: To determine whether bariatric surgery can lessen erectile dysfunction in obese men because of evidence showing that weight loss in obese men contributes to decreasing erectile dysfunction and bariatric surgery contributes to significant weight loss...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524370/do-nurses-and-other-health-professionals-in-elderly-care-have-education-in-family-nursing
#3
Olivia Sissil Sunde, Karianne Røssummoen Øyen, Siri Ytrehus
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers are an important resource for providing care to elderly living at home. How nurses and other health professionals interact with family caregivers can have both a positive and a negative impact on the family caregivers' situation. We lack knowledge of Norwegian nurses' and other health professionals' participation in educational programmes about family caregivers' needs and situations. AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether nurses and other health professionals working in home-care nursing had participated in educational programmes about family caregivers...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523991/response-to-socially-mediated-metacognition-for-understanding-science-of-learning-in-medical-education
#4
Holly C Gooding, Elizabeth Armstrong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522280/primary-spinal-glioma-in-children-results-from-a-referral-pediatric-institution-in-shanghai
#5
J Khalil, Z Chuanying, Z Qing, Y Belkacémi, J Mawei
PURPOSE: Primary spinal cord glioma is a rare entity especially in children; accounting for less than 10% of all central nervous system tumors. Low grade is the most reported subtype. Treatment modalities have largely evolved; large improvements have been made in the surgical field but also in both of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Nevertheless, the optimal treatment is yet to be defined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A chart review of 11 pediatric patients with a diagnosis of low grade spinal cord glioma at Xhinhua hospital in Shanghai was conducted...
May 15, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522218/engineering-posthumans-to-be-or-not-to-be
#6
Marianna Karamanou, Theodore G Papaioannou, Dimitrios Soulis, Dimitrios Tousoulis
Emerging technological innovations have transformed some science fiction ideas into reality, promising radical changes in human nature. New philosophical and intellectual movements such as 'transhumanism' and 'posthumanism' try to foretell and even direct the future of our existence while dealing with new and complex ethical, social, political issues and dilemmas.
May 15, 2017: Trends in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521007/computing-the-social-brain-connectome-across-systems-and-states
#7
Daniel Alcalá-López, Jonathan Smallwood, Elizabeth Jefferies, Frank Van Overwalle, Kai Vogeley, Rogier B Mars, Bruce I Turetsky, Angela R Laird, Peter T Fox, Simon B Eickhoff, Danilo Bzdok
Social skills probably emerge from the interaction between different neural processing levels. However, social neuroscience is fragmented into highly specialized, rarely cross-referenced topics. The present study attempts a systematic reconciliation by deriving a social brain definition from neural activity meta-analyses on social-cognitive capacities. The social brain was characterized by meta-analytic connectivity modeling evaluating coactivation in task-focused brain states and physiological fluctuations evaluating correlations in task-free brain states...
May 18, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520689/the-course-prediction-and-treatment-of-acute-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review
#8
Eva Visser, Taco Gosens, Brenda Leontine Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients suffer from acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but it is unknown how these disorders develop over time and when treatment is effective. Our aim was to systematically review (1) the course and predictors of ASD and PTSD after trauma and (2) which and when psychological treatments are effective. METHODS: Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, Cochrane, PubMed, and Google Scholar were searched up to September 14, 2015...
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515633/association-between-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-anthropometric-measurements-a-case-control-study-in-south-india
#9
REVIEW
A Awasthi, C R Rao, D S Hegde, K Rao N
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Clinical evidence indicates a stronger association of diabetes with central obesity than general obesity. The present study aimed to compare the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus and different anthropometric measurements and evaluate the usefulness of these measurements in clinical practice. METHODS: A case-control study was done among 102 individuals; of whom 51 cases included diagnosed T2DM (≥ 20 years age) patients attending the Medicine out-patient consultation of a tertiary care hospital and 51 controls who were screen negative for T2DM and recruited from the local community...
March 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515573/problematisations-of-complexity-on-the-notion-and-production-of-diverse-complexities-in-healthcare-interventions-and-evaluations
#10
Tineke Broer, Roland Bal, Martyn Pickersgill
Within the literature on the evaluation of health (policy) interventions, complexity is a much-debated issue. In particular, many claim that so-called 'complex interventions' pose different challenges to evaluation studies than apparently 'simple interventions' do. Distinct ways of doing evaluation entail particular ontologies and epistemologies of complexity. They differ in terms of whether they define complexity as a quantitative trait of interventions, whether they see evaluation as part of or outside the intervention, and whether complexity can be regarded as an emergent property of the intervention and its evaluation...
April 3, 2017: Science As Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515187/reducing-social-isolation-and-loneliness-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Filipa Landeiro, Paige Barrows, Ellen Nuttall Musson, Alastair M Gray, José Leal
INTRODUCTION: Social isolation and loneliness affect approximately one-third to one-half of the elderly population and have a negative impact on their physical and mental health. Group-based interventions where facilitators are well trained and where the elderly are actively engaged in their development seem to be more effective, but conclusions have been limited by weak study designs. We aim to conduct a systematic review to assess the effectiveness of health promotion interventions on social isolation or loneliness in older people...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514883/bioethical-analysis-to-the-therapeutic-use-of-cannabis-integrative-review
#12
Selene Cordeiro Vasconcelos, Antonia Oliveira Silva, Maria Adelaide Silva Paredes Moreira, Analine de Souza Bandeira Correia, Ana Luisa Antunes Gonçalves Guerra, Adrielle Rodrigues Dos Santos, Iracema da Silva Frazão
INTRODUCTION: Despite being considered as a contravention under some countries' legislation, the therapeutic use of Cannabis sativa has been growing in Brazil, due to the promising results observed in many pathologies. Such a scenario has fostered the need to deepen discussions on the subject and possibly revise legislation governing the substance use and access. OBJECTIVES: Identify the types of stigma related to the therapeutic use of Cannabis and describe the strategies people use to overcome stigma...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513761/socioeconomic-determinants-of-access-to-health-services-among-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#13
Ana Paula Santana Coelho Almeida, Bruno Pereira Nunes, Suele Manjourany Silva Duro, Luiz Augusto Facchini
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the association between the socioeconomic characteristics and the access to or use of health services among older adults. METHODS: This is a systematic review of the literature. The search has been carried out in the databases PubMed, LILACS and Web of Science, without restriction of dates and languages; however we have included only articles published in Portuguese, English, and Spanish. The inclusion criteria were: observational design, socioeconomic factors as variables of interest in the analysis of the access to or use of health services among older adults, representative sample of the target population, adjustment for confounding factors, and no selection bias...
May 15, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513505/practice-of-trabeculectomy-by-ophthalmologists-in-nigeria
#14
N N Kizor-Akaraiwe, C E Ogbonnaya
AIM: To assess the practice of trabeculectomy among ophthalmologists in Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in which structured, self- administered questionnaires were distributed to 80 consenting ophthalmologists present during the 2010 annual scientific session of the Ophthalmological Society of Nigeria. All consenting ophthalmologists treat glaucoma patients. Information obtained were demographic characteristics, glaucoma outpatient load, number of trabeculectomies performed in the preceding 1 year and during residency training, and factors influencing trabeculectomy practice...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512544/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-of-partially-edentulous-patients-treated-with-implant-supported-single-crowns-or-fixed-partial-dentures
#15
Bader K AlZarea
BACKGROUND: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is afflicted by different variables. Limited information is available regarding the impact of different phases of implant therapy on OHRQoL of edentulous patients. This study was carried out to assess the OHRQoL of patients treated with implant-supported single crowns or fixed partial dentures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 79 healthy partially edentulous subjects needing implant therapy were incorporated in this study...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512514/first-year-and-non-first-year-student-expectations-regarding-in-class-and-out-of-class-learning-activities-in-introductory-biology
#16
Tanya L Brown, Kathleen R Brazeal, Brian A Couch
National calls for teaching transformation build on a constructivist learning theory and propose that students learn by actively engaging in course activities and interacting with other students. While interactive pedagogies can improve learning, they also have the potential to challenge traditional norms regarding class participation and learning strategies. To better understand the potential openness of students to interactive teaching practices, we administered a survey during the first week of two sections of an introductory biology course to characterize how students envisioned spending time during class as well as what activities they expected to complete outside of class during non-exam weeks and in preparation for exams...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512438/are-neurodynamic-organizations-a-fundamental-property-of-teamwork
#17
Ronald H Stevens, Trysha L Galloway
When performing a task it is important for teams to optimize their strategies and actions to maximize value and avoid the cost of surprise. The decisions teams make sometimes have unintended consequences and they must then reorganize their thinking, roles and/or configuration into corrective structures more appropriate for the situation. In this study we ask: What are the neurodynamic properties of these reorganizations and how do they relate to the moment-by-moment, and longer, performance-outcomes of teams?...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512281/intricate-assessment-and-evaluation-of-long-term-implant-success-as-affected-by-clinicomicrobial-and-salivary-diagnostics-in-type-ii-diabetic-patients-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Deepti Raghav, Fawaz Alqahtani, Fatima J Albaker, Tushar V Bhagat, Zaheer Kola
INTRODUCTION: Replacement of missing teeth by dental implants is one of the most common methods employed these days. Because of significant advancement in the design of implants and modifications in the procedure of dental implant surgery, the survival rate of the dental implants has reached up to approximately 95%. Osseointegration is one of the important factors affecting the survival of dental implants. Apart from these, the body's physiologic alterations can also predispose the dental implants for failure...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512272/apical-periodontitis-and-endodontic-treatment-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-comparative-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Leena Smadi
AIMS: The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of apical periodontitis (AP) in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients compared with nondiabetic patients and to examine the effect of glycemic control on the prevalence of AP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiographs of a group of DM patients were compared with those of a matched nondiabetic group to identify AP. The diabetic group was subdivided according to the level of glycemic control into two subgroups: A well-controlled DM and a poorly controlled DM...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512224/the-general-form-of-hamilton-s-rule-makes-no-predictions-and-cannot-be-tested-empirically
#20
Martin A Nowak, Alex McAvoy, Benjamin Allen, Edward O Wilson
Hamilton's rule asserts that a trait is favored by natural selection if the benefit to others, [Formula: see text], multiplied by relatedness, [Formula: see text], exceeds the cost to self, [Formula: see text] Specifically, Hamilton's rule states that the change in average trait value in a population is proportional to [Formula: see text] This rule is commonly believed to be a natural law making important predictions in biology, and its influence has spread from evolutionary biology to other fields including the social sciences...
May 16, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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