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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474677/review-of-autophagy-related-approaches-for-improving-nutrient-use-efficiency-and-crop-yield-protection
#1
Tamar Avin-Wittenberg, Frantisek Baluška, Peter V Bozhkov, Pernilla H Elander, Alisdair R Fernie, Gad Galili, Ammar Hassan, Daniel Hofius, Erika Isono, Romain Le Bars, Céline Masclaux-Daubresse, Elena A Minina, Hadas Peled-Zehavi, Núria S Coll, Luisa M Sandalio, Béatrice Satiat-Jeunemaitre, Agnieszka Sirko, Pilar S Testillano, Henri Batoko
Autophagy is a eukaryotic catabolic pathway essential for growth and development. In plants, it is activated in response to environmental cues or developmental stimuli. However, in contrast to other eukaryotic systems, we know relatively little regarding the molecular players involved in autophagy and the regulation of this complex pathway. In the framework of the COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) action TRANSAUTOPHAGY (2016-2020), we decided to review our current knowledge of autophagy responses in higher plants, with emphasis on knowledge gaps...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472728/lessons-learned-from-crime-caught-on-camera
#2
Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard, Wim Bernasco
Objectives: The widespread use of camera surveillance in public places offers criminologists the opportunity to systematically and unobtrusively observe crime, their main subject matter. The purpose of this essay is to inform the reader of current developments in research on crimes caught on camera. Methods: We address the importance of direct observation of behavior and review criminological studies that used observational methods, with and without cameras, including the ones published in this issue...
February 2018: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472260/exploring-the-relationship-between-local-food-environments-and-obesity-in-uk-ireland-australia-and-new-zealand-a-systematic-review-protocol
#3
Andrea Fuentes Pacheco, Gabriela Carrillo Balam, Daryll Archibald, Elizabeth Grant, Valeria Skafida
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a global pandemic that affects all socioeconomic strata, however, the highest figures have been observed in the most disadvantaged social groups. Evidence from the USA and Canada showed that specific urban settings encourage obesogenic behaviour in the population living and/or working there. We aim to examine the evidence on the association between local food environments and obesity in the UK, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Six databases from 1990 to 2017 will be searched: MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), Scopus, The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts (ASSIA) and Web of Science...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471849/implementing-alcohol-misuse-sbirt-in-a-national-cohort-of-pediatric-trauma-centers-a-type-iii-hybrid-effectiveness-implementation-trial
#4
Michael J Mello, Sara J Becker, Julie Bromberg, Janette Baird, Mark R Zonfrillo, Anthony Spirito
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons mandates universal screening for alcohol misuse and delivery of an intervention for those screening positive as a requirement for certification as a level 1 trauma center. Though this requirement has been mandated for over a decade, its implementation has been challenging. Our research team completed an implementation study supporting seven pediatric trauma centers' compliance with the requirement by developing and implementing an institutional alcohol Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) policy for adolescent trauma patients...
February 22, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471783/seroprevalence-of-dengue-igg-antibodies-in-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-individuals-three-years-after-an-outbreak-in-zhejiang-province-china
#5
Shuying Luo, Weihong Cui, Chan Li, Feng Ling, Tao Fu, Qiyong Liu, Jiangping Ren, Jimin Sun
BACKGROUND: Cross-reacting antibodies enhanced dengue infection in humans and antibody dependent enhancement (ADE) have been proposed as early mechanisms underlying DHF/DSS. However, the duration of dengue IgG antibodies in the body as well as factors associated with said duration remain unclear. METHODS: Blood samples from 59 dengue symptomatic persons and 48 asymptomatic individuals were collected. Study participant demographic information (including age in 2009, gender, and place of residence) were also collected...
February 23, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471736/incursions-from-the-epicentre-southern-theory-social-science-and-the-global-hiv-research-domain
#6
Rebecca Hodes, Robert Morrell
Research about HIV constitutes a global domain of academic knowledge. The patterns that structure this domain reflect inequalities in the production and dissemination of knowledge, as well as broader inequalities in geopolitics. Conventional metrics for assessing the value and impact of academic research reveal that "Northern" research remains dominant, while "Southern" research remains peripheral. Southern theory provides a framework for greater critical engagement with knowledge produced by researchers within the global South...
February 22, 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471669/optimizing-stress-responses-with-reappraisal-and-mindset-interventions-an-integrated-model
#7
Jeremy P Jamieson, Alia J Crum, J Parker Goyer, Marisa E Marotta, Modupe Akinola
The dominant perspective in society is that stress has negative consequences, and not surprisingly, the vast majority of interventions for coping with stress focus on reducing the frequency or severity of stressors. However, the effectiveness of stress attenuation is limited because it is often not possible to avoid stressors, and avoiding or minimizing stress can lead individuals to miss opportunities for performance and growth. Thus, during stressful situations, a more efficacious approach is to optimize stress responses (i...
February 22, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471251/adopting-data-interpretation-on-mining-fine-grained-near-repeat-patterns-in-crimes
#8
Ke Wang, Zhiping Cai, Peidong Zhu, Pengshuai Cui, Haoyang Zhu, Yangyang Li
The near-repeat effect is a well-known phenomenon in crime analysis. The classic research methods focus on two aspects. One is the geographical factor, which indicates the influence of a certain crime risk on other similar crime incidents in nearby places. The other is the social network, which demonstrates the contacts of the offenders and explain "near" as degrees instead of geographic distances. In our work, these coarse-grained patterns discovering methods are summarized as bundled-clues techniques...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470115/older-adults-social-relationships-and-health-care-utilization-a-systematic-review
#9
Nicole K Valtorta, Danielle Collingridge Moore, Lynn Barron, Daniel Stow, Barbara Hanratty
BACKGROUND: Deficiencies in older people's social relationships (including loneliness, social isolation, and low social support) have been implicated as a cause of premature mortality and increased morbidity. Whether they affect service use is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether social relationships are associated with older adults' use of health services, independently of health-related needs. SEARCH METHODS: We searched 8 electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination) for data published between 1983 and 2016...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469675/lessons-from-the-past-some-histories-of-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency-before-its-discovery
#10
A Perciaccante, P Charlier, C Negri, A Coralli, O Appenzeller, R Bianucci
A1AT deficiency- a genetically inherited autosomal codominant disease with more than 120 identified alleles- was first identified by Laurell and Eriksson in 1963. The most common hereditary disorder in adults, A1AT causes an increased risk of developing pulmonary emphysema and liver disease. In A1AT patients, lung disease generally presents at a younger age than "usual" chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and it may be misdiagnosed as asthma. Because A1AT deficiency patients can show the same clinical features as non-deficient COPD (including increased evidence of bronchiectasis, frequent exacerbations, impaired health status and a degree of reversibility of airflow obstruction), the World Health Organization recommend to test every patient with a diagnosis of COPD or adult-onset asthma for A1AT deficiency...
February 2018: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469099/dynamics-of-body-time-social-time-and-life-history-at-adolescence
#11
Carol M Worthman, Kathy Trang
Recent opposing trends towards earlier physical maturation and later social maturation present a conundrum of apparent biological-social mismatch. Here we use life history analysis from evolutionary ecology to identify forces that drive these shifts. Together with findings in developmental science, our life history analysis indicates that adolescence is a distinctive period for biological embedding of culture. Ethnographic evidence shows that mass education is a novel feature of the globalizing cultural configurations of adolescence, which are driven by transformations in labour, livelihood and lifestyle...
February 21, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469094/importance-of-investing-in-adolescence-from-a-developmental-science-perspective
#12
Ronald E Dahl, Nicholas B Allen, Linda Wilbrecht, Ahna Ballonoff Suleiman
This review summarizes the case for investing in adolescence as a period of rapid growth, learning, adaptation, and formational neurobiological development. Adolescence is a dynamic maturational period during which young lives can pivot rapidly-in both negative and positive directions. Scientific progress in understanding adolescent development provides actionable insights into windows of opportunity during which policies can have a positive impact on developmental trajectories relating to health, education, and social and economic success...
February 21, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468667/teachers-knowledge-concerning-dental-trauma-and-its-management-in-primary-schools-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#13
Salwa A Alsadhan, Najla F Alsayari, Mashael F Abuabat
OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess knowledge concerning traumatic dental injuries and their management among primary schoolteachers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The secondary objective was to evaluate the effect of gender, nationality, marital status, school type, geographical area, age group, level of education and years of experience on teachers' knowledge. METHODOLOGY: Data were collected, through a self-administered questionnaire, from both male and female teachers employed in public and private primary schools in the five geographical areas of Riyadh City...
February 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468635/strategies-to-improve-recruitment-to-randomised-trials
#14
REVIEW
Shaun Treweek, Marie Pitkethly, Jonathan Cook, Cynthia Fraser, Elizabeth Mitchell, Frank Sullivan, Catherine Jackson, Tyna K Taskila, Heidi Gardner
BACKGROUND: Recruiting participants to trials can be extremely difficult. Identifying strategies that improve trial recruitment would benefit both trialists and health research. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effects of strategies for improving recruitment of participants to randomised trials. A secondary objective is to assess the evidence for the effect of the research setting (e.g. primary care versus secondary care) on recruitment. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Methodology Review Group Specialised Register (CMR) in the Cochrane Library (July 2012, searched 11 February 2015); MEDLINE and MEDLINE In Process (OVID) (1946 to 10 February 2015); Embase (OVID) (1996 to 2015 Week 06); Science Citation Index & Social Science Citation Index (ISI) (2009 to 11 February 2015) and ERIC (EBSCO) (2009 to 11 February 2015)...
February 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466524/-social-determinants-of-intestinal-parasitism-malnutrition-and-anemia-systematic-review
#15
Jaiberth Antonio Cardona-Arias
OBJECTIVE: Characterize the publications on social determinants of intestinal parasitism, malnutrition, and anemia at the global level. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted of the scientific literature in Pubmed, Science Direct, SciELO, LILACS, and Google Scholar with eight search strategies, guaranteeing completeness and replicability, following the phases of the PRISMA guidelines. RESULTS: The review included 18 studies on malnutrition, three on parasitism, three on anemia, and two on both parasitism and malnutrition; 65...
February 19, 2018: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466516/-infoxication-in-health-health-information-overload-on-the-internet-and-the-risk-of-important-information-becoming-invisible
#16
Marcelo D Agostino, Felipe Medina Mejía, Myrna Martí, David Novillo-Ortiz, Flavio Hazrum, Federico G de Cosío
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to: 1) raise awareness of the volume of quality health information on the Internet; 2) explore perceptions of information professionals with regard to the use of qualified sources for health decision-making; and 3) make recommendations that facilitate strengthening health worker capacities and institutional competencies related to digital literacy. METHODS: A non-experimental, descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a non-probability sample of 32 information professionals from nine countries...
February 19, 2018: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466344/censorship-then-and-now
#17
Anne Katz
As I was thinking about a topic for this editorial, news and social media outlets exploded with the announcement that employees at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had been instructed to not use any of seven words or phrases in budget documents (diversity, transgender, fetus, unborn child, vulnerable, evidence-
based, and science-based). To say that this hit a nerve is an understatement. My Twitter feed and email inbox filled with messages of outrage and concern, and I must admit I was swept up in the outpouring of anger...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465044/antimicrobial-effect-of-toothpastes-containing-fluoride-xylitol-or-xylitol-probiotic-on-salivary-streptococcus-mutans-and-lactobacillus-in-children
#18
E A Maden, C Altun, B Ozmen, F Basak
Aim: This in vivo study was designed to compare the antimicrobial effect of toothpastes containing fluoride, xylitol, or xylitol-probiotic on Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus in 13-15-year-old children. Materials and Methods: The study consisted of 60 pediatric patients who were randomly divided into three groups of 20 each. Group 1 recieved fluoride toothpaste (Colgate Max Fresh), group 2 used xylitol toothpaste (Xyliwhite), and group 3 used xylitol-probiotic toothpaste (PerioBiotic)...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461307/are-graft-versus-host-disease-patients-missing-out-on-the-vital-occupational-therapy-services-a-systematic-review
#19
Hadeel R Bakhsh, Jaleel Mohammed, Shahrukh K Hashmi
The aim of this review is to show the importance of occupational therapy/hand therapy for chronic graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) patients and to outline the current state of the literature. GVHD of the hand can cause functional loss, reduced activities of daily life, poor social interaction, and loss of income because of limitations in work. Hand therapy, which is a specialty practised by both occupational therapists and physical therapists, has been proven to be an effective approach for hand-related musculoskeletal disorders; however, the literature search suggests that it is an underutilized specialty around the world...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460356/broadening-the-impact-of-developmental-neuroscience-on-the-study-of-adolescence
#20
Andrew J Fuligni, Mirella Dapretto, Adriana Galván
Having been a significance source of the renewed interested in the adolescent period, developmental neuroscience now needs to build upon its achievements to date and expand in several areas in order to broaden its impact upon the field. Addressing both typical and atypical development, examining the interaction between brain development and the social environment, studying change over time, and including attention to population diversity can help to produce a truly integrative science of adolescent development...
March 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
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