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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691958/brain-based-treatment-a-new-approach-or-a-well-forgotten-old-one
#1
Vanya Matanova, Zlatomira Kostova, Martin Kolev
For a relatively long period of time, mental functioning was mainly associated with personal profile while brain functioning went by the wayside. After the 90s of the 20th century, or the so called "Decade of the Brain", today, contemporary specialists work on the boundary between fundamental science and medicine. This brings neuroscience, neuropsychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy closer to each other. Today, we definitely know that brain structures are being built and altered thanks to experience...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689716/effects-of-exergaming-in-people-with-dementia-results-of-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
Joeke van Santen, Rose-Marie Dröes, Marije Holstege, Olivier Blanson Henkemans, Annelies van Rijn, Ralph de Vries, Annemieke van Straten, Franka Meiland
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise benefits functioning, health, and well-being. However, people living with dementia in particular hardly engage in exercise. Exergaming (exercise and gaming) is an innovative, fun, and relatively safe way of exercising in a virtual reality or gaming environment. It may help people living with dementia overcome barriers they can experience regarding regular exercise activities. OBJECTIVE: This systematic literature review aims to provide an overview of the cost-effectiveness of exergaming and its effects on physical, cognitive, emotional, and social functioning, as well as the quality of life in people living with dementia...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687640/priming-as-a-motivating-factor-in-sociophonetic-variation-and-change
#3
Lynn Clark
Understanding how and why pronunciations vary and change has been a dominant theme in variationist sociolinguistics (Labov, , ). Linguistic variability has also been an area of focus in psychology and cognitive science. Work from these two fields has shown that where variation exists in language, an alternative form, once used, persists in working memory and has a greater chance of reuse (Bock, ; Bock & Loebell, ; Branigan, Pickering, & Cleland, ). While there have been efforts to connect priming research with sociolinguistics at the level of grammar (Poplack, ; Travis, ), there has been less work which explicitly considers the potential role of priming as a motivating factor in accent variation and change...
April 24, 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686953/prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-bronchial-asthma-in-children-in-santo-domingo-dominican-republic
#4
Stephanie G Mejias, Kamleshun Ramphul
Background Bronchial asthma is an important health problem worldwide. There is insufficient data on the prevalence of bronchial asthma among school children in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Objective The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of asthma and its related risk factors among school children in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study using a modified questionnaire was conducted in Santo Domingo among 600 children aged three to 11 eleven years...
February 20, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686632/parenting-stress-and-resilience-in-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-in-southeast-asia-a-systematic-review
#5
Kartini Ilias, Kim Cornish, Auretta S Kummar, Miriam Sang-Ah Park, Karen J Golden
Background: This paper aimed to review the literature on the factors associated with parenting stress and resilience among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the South East Asia (SEA) region. Methods: An extensive search of articles in multiple online databases (PsycNET, ProQuest, PudMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) resulted in 28 papers that met the inclusion criteria (i.e., conducted in the SEA region, specific to ASD only, published in a peer-reviewed journal, full text in English)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685619/a-mediation-analysis-on-the-relationship-of-physical-fitness-components-obesity-and-academic-performance-in-children
#6
Adrià Muntaner-Mas, Palou Pere, Josep Vidal-Conti, Irene Esteban-Cornejo
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between a battery of obesity indicators and physical fitness components with academic performance in children and to explore the combined and mediation role of the physical fitness components in the relationship between obesity and academic performance in children. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study including data from 250 Spanish schoolchildren (Balearic Islands) between 10 and 12 years of age (mean age, 10.98 ± 0...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685345/the-nature-of-labour-pain-an-updated-review-of-the-literature
#7
Laura Y Whitburn, Lester E Jones, Mary-Ann Davey, Susan McDonald
BACKGROUND: The pain experience associated with labour is complex. Literature indicates psychosocial and environmental determinants of labour pain, and yet methods to support women usually target physiological attributes via pharmacological interventions. AIM: To provide an update of our understanding of labour pain based on modern pain science. The review aims to help explain why women can experience labour pain so differently - why some cope well, whilst others experience great suffering...
April 20, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684128/understanding-australian-policies-on-public-health-using-social-and-political-science-theories-reflections-from-an-academy-of-the-social-sciences-in-australia-workshop
#8
Fran Baum, Adam Graycar, Toni Delany-Crowe, Evelyne de Leeuw, Carol Bacchi, Jennie Popay, Lionel Orchard, Hal Colebatch, Sharon Friel, Colin MacDougall, Elizabeth Harris, Angela Lawless, Dennis McDermott, Matthew Fisher, Patrick Harris, Clare Phillips, Jane Fitzgerald
There is strong, and growing, evidence documenting health inequities across the world. However, most governments do not prioritize policies to encourage action on the social determinants of health and health equity. Furthermore, despite evidence concerning the benefits of joined-up, intersectoral policy to promote health and health equity, it is rare for such policy approaches to be applied systematically. To examine the usefulness of political and social science theory in understanding the reasons for this disjuncture between evidence and practice, researchers and public servants gathered in Adelaide for an Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia (ASSA) Workshop...
April 19, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683014/older-adults-perspectives-on-the-process-of-becoming-users-of-assistive-technology-a-qualitative-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis
#9
Stina Meyer Larsen, Rikke Falgreen Mortensen, Hanne Kaae Kristensen, Lise Hounsgaard
PURPOSE: To identify, synthesize, and evaluate existing literature concerning the process of becoming a user of assistive technology (AT). METHOD: A systematic review and meta-synthesis were carried out. Five bibliographic databases (MEDLINE via PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, PsycINFO and SocINDEX) were systematically searched up to 13th of March 2017, using two sets of search terms: (i) elderly and synonyms and (ii) assistive technology and similar words, and combined with a qualitative research filter...
April 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682030/maximum-surgical-blood-order-schedule-for-elective-neurosurgery-in-a-university-teaching-hospital-in-northern-thailand
#10
Ananchanok Saringcarinkul, Siriwan Chuasuwan
Context: Preoperative blood bank testing should optimize the trade-off between intraoperative transfusion delay and blood wastage. Aims: This study aims to develop a maximal surgical blood order schedule (MSBOS) for elective neurosurgery. Settings and Design: Prospective data in University Teaching Hospital, Northern Thailand. Subjects and Methods: Blood transfusion data were collected on all adult patients satisfying inclusion/exclusion criteria in 2015...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680996/from-john-snow-to-omics-the-long-journey-of-environmental-epidemiology
#11
Paolo Vineis
A major difference between infectious and non-communicable diseases is that infectious diseases typically have unique necessary causes whereas noncommunicable diseases have multiple causes which by themselves are usually neither necessary nor sufficient. Epidemiology seems to have reached a limit in disentangling the role of single components in causal complexes, particularly at low doses. To overcome limitations the discipline can take advantage of technical developments including the science of the exposome...
April 21, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680585/functional-and-cognitive-impairment-social-functioning-frailty-and-adverse-health-outcomes-in-older-patients-with-esophageal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#12
Floor J van Deudekom, Henk G Klop, Henk H Hartgrink, Jurjen J Boonstra, Irene M Lips, Marije Slingerland, Simon P Mooijaart
BACKGROUND: Older patients with esophageal cancer are at high risk of adverse health outcomes, but the association of geriatric assessment with adverse health outcomes in these patients has not been systematically evaluated. The aim of this systematic review was to study the association of functional and cognitive impairment, social environment and frailty with adverse health outcomes in patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer. METHODS: We searched Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library for original studies reporting on associations of functional or cognitive impairment, social environment and frailty with adverse outcomes (mortality, functional or cognitive decline, adverse events during treatment, prolonged length of hospitalization (LOS) and health related quality of life (HRQoL)) after follow-up in patients with esophageal cancer...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680265/making-a-difference-applying-vitellone-s-social-science-of-the-syringe-to-performance-and-image-enhancing-drug-injecting
#13
Aaron Hart
Vitellone's Social Science of the Syringe investigates epistemologies of injecting drug use. She argues for a methodology that can be simultaneously sensitive to biopolitical power regimes; the trajectories of social stratification; and the resistance, creativity and dignity of human agency. She proposes a methodological focus on the syringe-in-use as an active participant in these dynamics. Harm reduction policy and service provision frameworks have paid little attention to the phenomena of performance and image enhancing drug (PIEDs) injection...
April 18, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679367/a-systematic-review-of-the-quality-of-reporting-of-simulation-studies-about-methods-for-the-analysis-of-complex-longitudinal-patient-reported-outcomes-data
#14
REVIEW
Aynslie M Hinds, Tolulope T Sajobi, Véronique Sebille, Richard Sawatzky, Lisa M Lix
PURPOSE: This study describes the characteristics and quality of reporting for published computer simulation studies about statistical methods to analyze complex longitudinal (i.e., repeated measures) patient-reported outcomes (PROs); we included methods for longitudinal latent variable measurement and growth models and response shift. METHODS: Scopus, PsycINFO, PubMed, EMBASE, and Social Science Citation Index were searched for English-language studies published between 1999 and 2016 using selected keywords...
April 20, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679015/popularity-and-novelty-dynamics-in-evolving-networks
#15
Khushnood Abbas, Mingsheng Shang, Alireza Abbasi, Xin Luo, Jian Jun Xu, Yu-Xia Zhang
Network science plays a big role in the representation of real-world phenomena such as user-item bipartite networks presented in e-commerce or social media platforms. It provides researchers with tools and techniques to solve complex real-world problems. Identifying and predicting future popularity and importance of items in e-commerce or social media platform is a challenging task. Some items gain popularity repeatedly over time while some become popular and novel only once. This work aims to identify the key-factors: popularity and novelty...
April 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678965/parents-uptake-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccines-for-their-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#16
Peter A Newman, Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Philip Baiden, Suchon Tepjan, Clara Rubincam, Nick Doukas, Farid Asey
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors associated with parents' uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines for their children. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, AIDSLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Social Sciences Abstracts, Ovid MEDLINE, Scholars Portal, Social Sciences Citation Index and Dissertation Abstracts International from inception through November 2017. METHODS: We included studies that sampled parents and assessed uptake of HPV vaccines for their children (≤18 years) and/or sociodemographics, knowledge, attitudes or other factors associated with uptake...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676613/workshop-report-using-social-media-and-smartphone-applications-in-practical-lessons-to-enhance-student-learning-in-b%C3%A3%C2%BAzios-brazil-august-6-8-2017
#17
Camilo Lellis-Santos, Patricia A Halpin
Cost-effective student engagement poses a challenge for instructors, especially those who may not be familiar with new technologies and mobile devices. In this workshop, participants, experienced and discussed two ways of using smartphones in physiology classes: to engage in an online learning environment for discussions, and to make physiological measurements. Participants signed up for individual Twitter accounts and learned how to tweet, retweet, message, use a URL shortener, and use hashtags. They then went on to locate articles on an assigned topic from the Twitter accounts of credible science sources ( American Journal of Physiology, The Scientist, CDC...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676607/meeting-report-iups-and-adinstruments-2017-teaching-workshop
#18
Fernanda Klein Marcondes, Lais Tono Cardozo, Kelly Cristina Gaviao Luchi, Muhammad Irfannuddin, Christina Karatzaferi, Maria José Rocha, Robert G Carroll
Every 4 yr, the International Union of Physiological Sciences (IUPS) Teaching Workshop is held as a traditional satellite event of the IUPS Congress. The 2017 satellite workshop was held August 5-8, 2017 in Búzios, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The workshop provided an opportunity for discussion and experiences in physiology teaching for educators at various levels, graduate students, and undergraduate students. This report describes the workshop activities and reports the participants' perceptions of this event...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676508/applications-of-social-network-analysis-to-obesity-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
S Zhang, K de la Haye, M Ji, R An
People's health behaviours and outcomes can be profoundly shaped by the social networks they are embedded in. Based on graph theory, social network analysis is a research framework for the study of social interactions and the structure of these interactions among social actors. A literature search was conducted in PubMed and Web of Science for articles published until August 2017 that applied social network analysis to examine obesity and social networks. Eight studies (three cross-sectional and five longitudinal) conducted in the US (n = 6) and Australia (n = 2) were identified...
April 20, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676344/histopathological-pattern-of-thyroid-diseases-in-zaria-a-10-year-review
#20
Nasiru Raheem, Saad A Ahmed, Modupeola Oa Samaila
Context: Majority of the previous studies on thyroid diseases in Northern Nigeria focussed mainly on neoplastic lesions. The non-neoplastic lesions are more common and constitute more public health burdens. Aim: To determine the histopathological pattern of thyroid diseases in our region and compare our findings with similar studies in Nigeria and elsewhere. Settings and Design: This is a retrospective study carried out at the Department of Pathology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, from January 2005 to December 2014 using specified criteria...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
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