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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223042/experiences-of-early-labour-management-from-perspectives-of-women-labour-companions-and-health-professionals-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#1
REVIEW
Sarah Beake Rm Ma Research Associate, Yan-Shing Chang Ba MPhil PhD Lecturer, Helen Cheyne Rm Rgn MSc PhD Professor Of Midwifery, Helen Spiby MPhil Rn Rm Professor Of Midwifery, Jane Sandall Rm MSc PhD Professor Of Social Science And Women's Health, Debra Bick
OBJECTIVES: to examine evidence of women's, labour companions' and health professionals' experiences of management of early labour to consider how this could be enhanced to better reflect women's needs. DESIGN: a systematic review of qualitative evidence. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: women in early labour with term, low risk singleton pregnancies, not booked for a planned caesarean birth or post-dates induction of labour, their labour companions, and health professionals responsible for early labour care (e...
November 13, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221543/community-health-workers-in-diabetes-prevention-and-management-in-developing-countries
#2
REVIEW
Halimatou Alaofè, Ibitola Asaolu, Jennifer Ehiri, Hayley Moretz, Chisom Asuzu, Mobolanle Balogun, Olayinka Abosede, John Ehiri
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence regarding the effect of community health worker (CHW) interventions for prevention and management of the burgeoning epidemic of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The objective of this review was to critically appraise evidence regarding the effectiveness of CHW interventions for prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in LMICs. METHODS: To identify studies that reported the effect of CHW interventions for prevention and management of T2DM in LMICs, Medline/PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science (Science and Social Science Citation Indices), EBSCO (PsycINFO and CINAHL), POPLINE, the Cochrane Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders Group's Specialized Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Grey literature (Google, Google Scholar), and reference lists of identified articles were searched from inception to May 31, 2017...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221454/must-we-remain-blind-to-undergraduate-medical-ethics-education-in-africa-a-cross-sectional-study-of-nigerian-medical-students
#3
Onochie Okoye, Daniel Nwachukwu, Ferdinand C Maduka-Okafor
BACKGROUND: As the practice of medicine inevitably raises both ethical and legal issues, it had been recommended since 1999 that medical ethics and human rights be taught at every medical school. Most Nigerian medical schools still lack a formal undergraduate medical ethics curriculum. Medical education remains largely focused on traditional medical science components, leaving the medical students to develop medical ethical decision-making skills and moral attitudes passively within institutions noted for relatively strong paternalistic traditions...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219099/scoping-the-proximal-and-distal-dimensions-of-climate-change-on-health-and-wellbeing
#4
REVIEW
George Paterson Morris, Stefan Reis, Sheila Anne Beck, Lora Elderkin Fleming, William Neil Adger, Timothy Guy Benton, Michael Harold Depledge
The impacts of climate on health and wellbeing occur in time and space and through a range of indirect, complicated mechanisms. This diversity of pathways has major implications for national public health planning and influence on interventions that might help to mitigate and adapt to rapidly changing environmental conditions, nationally and internationally. This paper draws upon evidence from public health and adverse impact studies across climate science, hydrology, agriculture, public health, and the social sciences...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218958/factors-contributing-to-nursing-team-work-in-an-acute-care-tertiary-hospital
#5
Suzanne Polis, Megan Higgs, Vicki Manning, Gayle Netto, Ritin Fernandez
Background: Effective nursing teamwork is an essential component of quality health care and patient safety. Understanding which factors foster team work ensures teamwork qualities are cultivated and sustained. Objective: This study aims to investigate which factors are associated with team work in an Australian acute care tertiary hospital across all inpatient and outpatient settings. Methods: All nurses and midwives rostered to inpatient and outpatient wards in an acute care 600 bed hospital in Sydney Australia were invited to participate in a cross sectional survey between September to October 2013...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217949/the-effect-of-psychosocial-factors-and-patients-perception-of-tuberculosis-treatment-non-adherence-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#6
Habteyes Hailu Tola, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Azar Tol, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Luche Tadesse Ejeta, Abebaw Kebede, Desta Kassa
Background: Although there are several studies reported on factors affecting tuberculosis (TB) treatment non-adherence, there is information gap on psychosocial and patients' perceptions aspects. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the effect of psychosocial factors and patients' perceptions on TB treatment non-adherence in Ethiopia. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in Addis Ababa from May to December, 2014. Thirty one health facilities were randomly selected and 698 TB patients, who had been on treatment, were enrolled consecutively using patient registration number...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217938/sociodemographic-correlates-of-hiv-discordant-and-concordant-couples-in-anambra-state-nigeria
#7
Chinomnso Nnebue, Adaeze Anaekwe, Chidebe Anaekwe
Background: The contribution of discordant partnerships to the burden of HIV/AIDS is significant. An understanding of the characteristics of HIV-affected couples will help modify preventive strategies. The aim of this study was to compare the HIV discordant and concordant partnerships for sociodemographic determinants in comprehensive health centers in Anambra State, Nigeria. Methods: This was an institution based case-control study of 289 (148 HIV-concordant and 141 HIV-discordant) couples, selected using multistage sampling technique...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216596/understanding-social-and-behavioral-drivers-and-impacts-of-air-quality-sensor-use
#8
Bryan J Hubbell, Amanda Kaufman, Louie Rivers, Kayla Schulte, Gayle Hagler, Jane Clougherty, Wayne Cascio, Dan Costa
BACKGROUND: Lower-cost air quality sensors (hundreds to thousands of dollars) are now available to individuals and communities. This technology is undergoing a rapid and fragmented evolution, resulting in sensors that have uncertain data quality, measure different air pollutants and possess a variety of design attributes. Why and how individuals and communities choose to use sensors is arguably influenced by social context. For example, community experiences with environmental exposures and health effects and related interactions with industry and government can affect trust in traditional air quality monitoring...
December 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215127/midwives-in-england-and-in-italy-two-realities-compared
#9
C Dell'Omodarme, G Bocci, G Troiano, S Rossi, L Kundisova, N Nante, L Alaimo
BACKGROUND: Midwives have the responsibility to provide assistance to pregnant women for non-complicated deliveries. The aim of this study was to identify the distinctive features of midwives in Italy and in England in order to provide interesting comparisons. METHODS: From September to October 2015 we administered an online questionnaire to groups of Italian and English midwives. The questionnaire was composed by a part trying to collect the sociodemographic information and a second part to define the attitudes of care and the type of approach to birth and degree of attained professional autonomy...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214151/association-between-depression-and-factors-affecting-career-choice-among-jordanian-nursing-students
#10
Said Yousef, Mariam Athamneh, Emad Masuadi, Haitham Ahmad, Tom Loney, Hamdy F Moselhy, Fatma Al-Maskari, Iffat ElBarazi
Background: Although stress reaction is high among nursing staff and nursing students in the Middle East and its effect on life is known, there are scant studies reporting on these clinical and social features. In addition, there are no studies reporting on factors that influence career choice among this group. Aim: This study aimed to investigate factors that influence career choice among nursing students and their possible association with depressive symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214054/lifestyle-modification-practice-and-associated-factors-among-diagnosed-hypertensive-patients-in-selected-hospitals-south-ethiopia
#11
Eyasu Siyum Buda, Lolemo Kelbiso Hanfore, Robera Olana Fite, Alula Seyum Buda
Background: Hypertension is one of the leading causes of disability and death in both developed and developing countries that need urgent strategies to implement interventions that control it. Appropriate lifestyle changes often called non-pharmacological approaches that often overlooked are the corner stone of the prevention and control of hypertension. The aim of this study is to assess the practice of lifestyle modifications and associated factors among diagnosed hypertensive patients in Durame and Nigist Elleni Mohamed Memorial General Hospitals in southern Ethiopia...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213525/motor-learning-characterization-in-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#12
Íbis Ariana Peña de Moraes, Thais Massetti, Tânia Brusque Crocetta, Talita Dias da Silva, Lilian Del Ciello de Menezes, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, Fernando Henrique Magalhães
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder primarily characterized by deficits in social interaction, communication and implicit skill learning. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the results of research on "motor learning" and the means used for measuring "autistic disorder". METHODS: A systematic literature search was done using Medline/PubMed, Web of Science, BVS (virtual health library), and PsycINFO. We included articles that contained the keywords "autism" and "motor learning"...
July 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213169/clinical-profile-of-neural-tube-defects-in-sudanese-children-is-malaria-a-risk-factor
#13
Basma Sadik, Haydar E Babikir, Mohammed A R Arbab
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are one of the most common structural malformations in human kind. It is a public health problem with great impact on the child, parents and the community at large. The aim is to study the epidemiological profile and patterns of NTDs in under five-year of age Sudanese children who attended the neurosurgical clinic at the National Centre of Neurological Sciences (NCNS), Khartoum during the period from March 2014 to December 2014. This was a prospective cross-sectional study conducted at the neurosurgery clinic in NCNS, Khartoum...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212457/the-decision-delivery-interval-in-emergency-caesarean-section-and-its-associated-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-at-a-referral-hospital-in-northern-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Birjna A Hirani, Bariki L Mchome, Nicholaus S Mazuguni, Michael J Mahande
BACKGROUND: Decision delivery interval (DDI) is the time line between a decision to conduct an emergency caesarean section and actual delivery of the baby. Prolong DDI constitute a third phase delay in provision of emergency obstetric care. Intervention designed to minimize DDI are vital, in attempt to prevent maternal morbidity and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The feasibility and practicability of the recommended DDI in recent studies have been questioned especially in limited resource setting and therefore the objective of our study was to determine the DDI and its associated fetalmaternal outcomes at a tertiary referral hospital in Tanzania...
December 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211744/authorship-and-citation-manipulation-in-academic-research
#15
Eric A Fong, Allen W Wilhite
Some scholars add authors to their research papers or grant proposals even when those individuals contribute nothing to the research effort. Some journal editors coerce authors to add citations that are not pertinent to their work and some authors pad their reference lists with superfluous citations. How prevalent are these types of manipulation, why do scholars stoop to such practices, and who among us is most susceptible to such ethical lapses? This study builds a framework around how intense competition for limited journal space and research funding can encourage manipulation and then uses that framework to develop hypotheses about who manipulates and why they do so...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209341/the-challenge-of-improving-soil-fertility-in-yam-cropping-systems-of-west-africa
#16
REVIEW
Emmanuel Frossard, Beatrice A Aighewi, Sévérin Aké, Dominique Barjolle, Philipp Baumann, Thomas Bernet, Daouda Dao, Lucien N Diby, Anne Floquet, Valérie K Hgaza, Léa J Ilboudo, Delwende I Kiba, Roch L Mongbo, Hassan B Nacro, Gian L Nicolay, Esther Oka, Yabile F Ouattara, Nestor Pouya, Ravinda L Senanayake, Johan Six, Orokya I Traoré
Yam (Dioscorea spp.) is a tuber crop grown for food security, income generation, and traditional medicine. This crop has a high cultural value for some of the groups growing it. Most of the production comes from West Africa where the increased demand has been covered by enlarging cultivated surfaces while the mean yield remained around 10 t tuber ha-1. In West Africa, yam is traditionally cultivated without input as the first crop after a long-term fallow as it is considered to require a high soil fertility...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209272/a-european-perspective-on-auditory-processing-disorder-current-knowledge-and-future-research-focus
#17
Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Martin Ptok, Helen Grech, Ellen Raben Pedersen, André Brechmann, Naïma Deggouj, Christiane Kiese-Himmel, Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska, Andreas Nickisch, Laurent Demanez, Evelyne Veuillet, Hung Thai-Van, Tony Sirimanna, Marina Callimachou, Rosamaria Santarelli, Sandra Kuske, Jose Barajas, Mladen Hedjever, Ozlem Konukseven, Dorothy Veraguth, Tone Stokkereit Mattsson, Jorge Humberto Martins, Doris-Eva Bamiou
Current notions of "hearing impairment," as reflected in clinical audiological practice, do not acknowledge the needs of individuals who have normal hearing pure tone sensitivity but who experience auditory processing difficulties in everyday life that are indexed by reduced performance in other more sophisticated audiometric tests such as speech audiometry in noise or complex non-speech sound perception. This disorder, defined as "Auditory Processing Disorder" (APD) or "Central Auditory Processing Disorder" is classified in the current tenth version of the International Classification of diseases as H93...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208798/a-clinical-and-microbiological-evaluation-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis
#18
Kamala Rajendra, Sadananda M Purnachandra, Parthkumar C Patel, Jochima Cota, Venkat R Singh, Ankur Vatsal
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the association of Helicobacter pylori in recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) with or without peptic ulcer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 42 patients were selected for the present study from outpatient Department of Oral Medicine, and divided into control (group I) and test groups (groups II, III). A total number of 15 patients suffering from RAS based on history and clinical examination was selected as group II. A total number of 12 patients suffering concomitantly from RAS and duodenal ulcer based on history and clinical examination were selected as group III...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208795/in-vitro-assessment-of-influence-of-various-bleaching-protocols-on-the-strength-of-ceramic-orthodontic-brackets-bonded-to-bleached-tooth-surface-a-comparative-study
#19
Divya Iska, Raghu Devanna, Madhvi Singh, Rajkiran Chitumalla, Sai C Bala Balasubramanian, Manish Goutam
INTRODUCTION: Esthetics is one of the common issues because of which patients consult dental orthodontic treatment. Two ways of tooth bleaching are available these days, which includes in-office bleach and home bleach. Various bleaching protocols are available these days for treating the tooth surfaces. Hence, we planned the present study for investigating the impact of various intracoronal bleaching protocols on shear bond strength of ceramic brackets bonded to tooth surface after bleaching...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208794/intricate-estimation-and-assessment-of-surface-conditioning-of-posts-to-improve-interfacial-adhesion-in-post-core-restorations-an-in-vitro-study
#20
Priyanka Gupta, Amil Sharma, Vivek K Pathak, Saurabh Mankeliya, Shivanshu Bhardwaj, Poorvasha Dhanare
INTRODUCTION: Post and core restorations are routinely used for restoring grossly decayed tooth structures. Various chemical agents are known to affect the interfacial adhesions between the post and the core. Hence, we planned the present study to evaluate the effect of various post-surface treatments on the interfacial strength between the posts and composite materials that are used for building up the core portion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study included assessment of the effect of surface conditioning of posts on the interfacial adhesion in post-core restorations...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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