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Living donor kidney transplant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636137/the-experience-of-waiting-for-a-kidney-transplant-a-qualitative-study
#1
Tania Burns, Ritin Fernandez, Moira Stephens
BACKGROUND: In Australia over 1100 people are living on dialysis while waiting for a kidney transplant from a deceased donor. Worldwide there are an estimated 170,000 people who wait an average of three years before an organ becomes available. OBJECTIVE: To provide an understanding of the lived experience of people waiting on dialysis for a kidney transplant from a deceased donor. APPROACH: A qualitative descriptive research design was used...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621640/clinical-and-biochemical-characteristics-of-brain-dead-donors-as-predictors-of-early-and-long-term-renal-function-after-transplant
#2
Ewa Kwiatkowska, Leszek Domański, Joanna Bober, Krzysztof Safranow, Andrzej Pawlik, Kazimierz Ciechanowski, Magda Wiśniewska, Karolina Kędzierska
OBJECTIVES: Organs from brain-dead donors are the main source of allografts for transplant. Comparisons between living-donor and brain-dead donor kidneys show that the latter are more likely to demonstrate delayed graft function and lower long-term survival. This study aimed to assess the effects of various clinical and biochemical factors of donors on early- and long-term renal function after transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from kidney recipients treated between 2006 and 2008 who received organs from brain-dead donors...
June 16, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621638/urologic-complications-after-renal-transplant-a-single-center-experience
#3
Hakan Sözen, Metin Onaran, Onur Özen, Aydın Dalgıç
OBJECTIVES: Urologic complications after kidney transplant are associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and prolonged hospital stay. An intervention or second surgical procedure is frequently required. Here, we report urologic complications in adult kidney recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since 2006, 171 adult kidney transplant procedures have been performed at the Gazi University Transplantation Center (Ankara, Turkey). Among these patients, there were 65 adult female (38%) and 106 adult male (62%) recipients...
June 16, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620674/organ-dysfunction-and-failure-following-brain-death-do-not-preclude-successful-donation
#4
Eno-Obong I Essien, Nehu Parimi, Jennifer Gutwald-Miller, Tyree Nutter, Thomas M Scalea, Deborah M Stein
BACKGROUND: Organ dysfunction is common after neurologic determination of death (NDD) but before organ collection. Reliable markers for graft success following transplant of these organs would be useful. We sought to determine the relationship between the donor after neurologic determination of death (DNDD) pathophysiology and successful organ donation. METHODS: Donor information was obtained through the local organ procurement organization. Donor demographics and clinical data points for cardiovascular, renal, respiratory, hepatic, hematological and neuroendocrine systems were reviewed 12 h before and 12 h after neurologic determination of death was declared...
June 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620650/graft-function-and-intermediate-term-outcomes-of-kidney-transplants-improved-in-the-last-decade-analysis-of-the-united-states-kidney-transplant-database
#5
Douglas Scott Keith, Gayle Vranic, Angie Nishio-Lucar
BACKGROUND: Previous analyses of the United States transplant database regarding long-term outcomes in kidney transplantation have shown minimal improvement in the rate of long-term graft loss. This study sought to analyze intermediate-term outcomes and graft function at 6 months in kidney transplantation in adult living and deceased donor recipients in the last decade. METHODS: Survival analysis was performed based on the year of transplant between 6 months and 3 years' posttransplant...
June 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617169/the-frequency-and-associated-factors-for-bk-virus-infection-in-a-center-performing-mainly-living-kidney-transplantations
#6
Selma Alagoz, Mert Kuskucu, Sibel Gulcicek, Serkan Feyyaz Yalin, Meric Oruc, Kenan Midilli, Erkan Yılmaz, Mehmet Riza Altiparmak, Nurhan Seyahi
PURPOSE: BK virus (BKV) nephropathy has increasingly become an important cause of morbidity in renal transplant recipients. We evaluated the frequency and associated factors for BKV infection in a center performing mainly living donor transplantations over a long time period. METHODS: One hundred consecutive renal transplant patients were included. Quarterly visits were planned to examine urine for decoy cells and to measure the BKV DNA in the blood and urine. Renal biopsy was performed in case of deteriorated allograft function...
June 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613436/the-incremental-cost-of-incompatible-living-donor-kidney-transplant-a-national-cohort-analysis
#7
David Axelrod, Krista L Lentine, Mark A Schnitzler, Xun Luo, Huiling Xiao, Babak J Orandi, Allan Massie, Jacqueline Garonzik-Wang, Mark D Stegall, Stanley C Jordan, Jose Oberholzer, Ty B Dunn, Lloyd E Ratner, Sandip Kapur, Ronald P Pelletier, John P Roberts, Marc L Melcher, Pooja Singh, Debra L Sudan, Marc P Posner, Jose M El-Amm, Ron Shapiro, Matthew Cooper, George S Lipkowitz, Michael A Rees, Christopher L Marsh, Bashir R Sankari, David A Gerber, Paul W Nelson, Jason Wellen, Adel Bozorgzadeh, A Osama Gaber, Robert A Montgomery, Dorry L Segev
Incompatible living donor kidney transplant (ILDKT) has been established as an effective option for end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with willing but HLA incompatible live donors, reducing mortality and improving quality of life. Depending upon antibody titer, ILDKT can require highly resource intensive procedure including intravenous immunoglobulin, plasma exchange and/or cell depleting antibody treatment as well as protocol biopsies and DSA testing. This study sought to compare the cost and Medicare reimbursement, exclusive of organ acquisition payment, for ILDKT recipients (N=926) with varying antibody titers to matched compatible transplants (N=2762) performed between 2002-2011...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608627/all-s-well-following-living-kidney-donation
#8
John Scandling
Wellbeing following living kidney donation, both physical and psychosocial, continues to be a concern and area of investigative focus decades following the acceptance of kidney transplantation as treatment for end-stage kidney disease. In this issue, Maple and colleagues report their prospective study of wellbeing in living kidney donors during the first year after donation, using a comprehensive array of psychosocial outcome measures. Their aim was to produce a quantitative analysis to better inform both transplant teams and potential donors...
June 13, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600850/eight-year-follow-up-in-pediatric-living-donor-kidney-recipients-receiving-alemtuzumab-induction
#9
Michael M Kaabak, Nadeen N Babenko, Ron Shapiro, Alexey A Maschan, Allan K Zokoev, Stanislav V Schekaturov, Julia N Vyunkova, Olga V Dymova
Recipient lymphocytes are crucial for direct and indirect pathways of allorecognition. We proposed that the administration of alemtuzumab several weeks pretransplantation could eradicate peripheral lymphatic cells and promote donor-specific acceptance. This was a single-center, retrospective review of 101 consecutive living donor kidney transplantations in pediatric patients (age 7 months-18 years), performed between September 2006 and April 2010. IS protocol included two 30 mg doses of alemtuzumab: The first was given 12-29 days prior to transplantation, and the second at the time of transplantation...
June 10, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597060/-early-bilateral-nephrectomy-in-neonatal-autosomal-recessive-polycystic-kidney-disease-improved-prognosis-or-unnecessary-effort
#10
REVIEW
S Riechardt, M Koch, J Oh, M Fisch
BACKGROUND: Neonatal autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is associated with giant kidneys, lung hypoplasia, pulmonal hypertension, and end-stage renal failure. Depending on the study, mortality is reported to range between 20 and 80%. OBJECTIVES: Does bilateral nephrectomy improve survival? PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2010 and 2016, we treated 7 children with prenatally diagnosed ARPKD. All had a planned delivery by cesarean section...
June 8, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596416/a-kidney-graft-survival-calculator-that-accounts-for-mismatches-in-age-sex-hla-and-body-size
#11
Valarie B Ashby, Alan B Leichtman, Michael A Rees, Peter X-K Song, Mathieu Bray, Wen Wang, John D Kalbfleisch
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Outcomes for transplants from living unrelated donors are of particular interest in kidney paired donation (KPD) programs where exchanges can be arranged between incompatible donor-recipient pairs or chains created from nondirected/altruistic donors. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Using Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients data, we analyzed 232,705 recipients of kidney-alone transplants from 1998 to 2012. Graft failure rates were estimated using Cox models for recipients of kidney transplants from living unrelated, living related, and deceased donors...
June 8, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585408/increased-risk-of-infection-associated-death-with-incompatible-kidney-transplantations
#12
Christian Morath, Martin Zeier, Caner Süsal
In times of organ shortage, transplantation over the blood group A/B and HLA antibody barriers helps increasing the living donor pool in kidney transplantation. Waiting times are reduced while patient survival may be improved. By desensitization, both blood group A/B as well as HLA antibodies are eliminated from the patient's circulation using plasmapheresis, double filtration plasmapheresis or selective or unselective immunoadsorption. In addition, antibody production and posttransplant antibody rebound are prevented by powerful immunosuppression and induction therapy with or without B-cell eliminating anti-CD20 antibody rituximab...
June 6, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583575/long-term-clinical-outcomes-of-kidney-re-transplantation
#13
S M Yeo, Y Kim, S S Kang, W Y Park, K Jin, S B Park, U J Park, H T Kim, W H Cho, S Han
BACKGROUND: Kidney re-transplantation is commonly considered to have a higher immunological risk than first kidney transplantation. Because of the organ shortage and increasing waiting lists, long-term outcomes of kidney re-transplantation are being studied. However, reports of re-transplantation outcomes are not common. We have reported our 30 years of experience with second kidney transplantations. METHODS: Of 1210 kidney transplantations between November 1982 and August 2016 performed in our hospital, 105 were second kidney transplantations (2nd KT)...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583564/recognition-of-kidney-donation-by-living-kidney-donors-that-accompanies-changes-in-the-recipients-physical-condition-focusing%C3%A2-on-its-influences-on-donors
#14
Y Takada
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, a total of 1586 kidney transplants were performed in Japan, and 1431 (90.2%) of the organs were from living donors. The purpose of this study is to illuminate the awareness of living kidney donors toward kidney donation after the condition of the recipient changed, thus clarifying the influence of that recognition on the donor. METHODS: This study design was qualitative descriptive research. Transplant coordinators at 4 hospitals were commissioned to screen subject candidates and hand-deliver printed research explanations to them...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583560/selection-criteria-for-kidney-laterality-in-retroperitoneoscopic-living-donor-nephrectomy-and-the-usefulness-of-pretransplant-intervention
#15
K Nanmoku, A Kurosawa, T Kubo, T Shinzato, T Shimizu, T Kimura, T Yagisawa
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the selection criteria for kidney laterality and the usefulness of pretransplant intervention in living donor nephrectomy. METHODS: We compared conventional and revised criteria. The conventional criteria were that left kidneys were chosen in preference and provided the kidney with the fewest structural abnormalities and lowest functional decline and that most renal arteries remained in the donor. From April 2013, we allowed the use of left kidneys with double renal arteries...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583553/living-donor-kidney-transplantation-after-brachytherapy-for-prostate-cancer-case-report
#16
S Harada, H Ushigome, K Masuda, T Matsuyama, T Nakamura, K Koshino, T Iida, S Nobori, N Yoshimura
INTRODUCTION: There is no obvious criterion about kidney transplantation for patients with pretransplant malignancy. Minimum tumor-free waiting periods differ according to type of cancer, staging, site of occurrence, response to therapy, and risk of cancer recurrence. We report a case of living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) in a patient after brachytherapy for prostate cancer. CASE REPORT: The patient was a 65-year-old man with chronic kidney disease due to chronic glomerular nephritis...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583552/living-kidney-donation-from-a-donor-with-pulmonary-sarcoidosis-a%C3%A2-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
M Kono, J Hasegawa, S Wakai, A Ishiwatari, Y Abe, M Endo, T Sakoma, K Miyake, T Tokumoto, K Tanabe, H Shirakawa
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a chronic systemic disease that is characterized by the formation of noncaseating granuloma and whose etiology is unclear. It is unclear whether patients with sarcoidosis are suitable organ donors. CASE: We treated a 56-year-old woman with pulmonary sarcoidosis who donated her kidney. She was previously in good health and was diagnosed with pulmonary sarcoidosis during her preoperative examination. Because she presented with no symptoms and was otherwise in good condition, donor nephrectomy was performed...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583543/laparoscopy-assisted-spleen-preserving-distal-pancreatectomy-for-living-donor-pancreas-transplantation
#18
S Date, H Noguchi, K Kaku, K Kurihara, Y Miyasaka, Y Okabe, U Nakamura, T Ohtsuka, M Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Living pancreas transplantation plays an important role in the treatment of patients with severe type 1 diabetes. However, pancreatectomy is very invasive for the donor, and less-invasive surgical procedures are needed. Although some reports have described hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery for distal pancreatectomy in living-donor operations, less-invasive laparoscopy-assisted (LA) procedures are expected to increase the donor pool. We herein report the outcomes of four cases of LA spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (Warshaw technique [WT]) in living pancreas donors...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583515/acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-imaging-of-the-transplant-kidney-correlation-between-cortical-stiffness-and-arterial-resistance-in-early-post-transplant-period
#19
H-K Wang, Y-C Lai, Y-H Lin, H-J Chiou, Y-H Chou
BACKGROUND: Acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging is a noninvasive imaging modality for quantitative assessment of tissue stiffness. This study utilized ARFI imaging to assess the stiffness of a transplant renal cortex within the first month after renal transplantation and to explore the correlation between the cortical stiffness and arterial resistance of the transplant kidney. METHODS: Forty renal transplant recipients (male/female = 26/14; mean age: 45...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574902/advanced-donation-programs-and-deceased-donor-initiated-chains-2-innovations-in-kidney-paired-donation
#20
Anji E Wall, Jeffrey L Veale, Marc L Melcher
Kidney paired donation strategies have facilitated compatible living-donor kidney transplants for end stage renal disease patients with willing but incompatible living donors. Success has inspired further innovations that expand opportunities for kidney-paired donation. Two such innovations are the advanced donation strategy in which a donor provides a kidney before their recipient is matched, or even in need of, a kidney transplant, and deceased donor initiated chains in which chains are started with deceased donors rather than altruistic living donors...
June 1, 2017: Transplantation
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