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Combat ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817412/effect-of-physical-methods-of-lymphatic-drainage-on-postexercise-recovery-of-mixed-martial-arts-athletes
#1
Aleksandra Zebrowska, Robert Trybulski, Robert Roczniok, Wieslaw Marcol
OBJECTIVE: Physical methods are reported to be important for accelerating skeletal muscle regeneration, decreasing muscle soreness, and shortening of the recovery time. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of the physical methods of lymphatic drainage (PMLD) such as manual lymphatic drainage (MLD), the Bodyflow (BF) therapy, and lymphatic drainage by deep oscillation (DO) on postexercise regeneration of the forearm muscles of mixed martial arts (MMA) athletes. DESIGN AND METHODS: Eighty MMA athletes aged 27...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810992/two-new-effective-tourniquets-for-potential-use-in-the-military-environment-a-serving-soldier-study
#2
Alastair Beaven, Rob Briard, Mark Ballard, Paul Parker
BACKGROUND: Limb tourniquets have been used extensively during modern Middle Eastern conflicts. Despite its undeniable successes, the combat applied tourniquet (C-A-T) has some shortfalls, principally its inability to reliably control lower limb bleeding when applied to the mid-thigh. We tested two tourniquets which may represent an improvement to the combat applied tourniquet; the tactical mechanical tourniquet and the tactical pneumatic tourniquet. METHODS: We recruited 12 healthy service personnel and applied the tactical mechanical tourniquet and tactical pneumatic tourniquet to both lower limbs in a randomly generated sequence...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782570/nanomedicine-and-advanced-technologies-for-burns-preventing-infection-and-facilitating-wound-healing
#3
Mirza Ali Mofazzal Jahromi, Parham Sahandi Zangabad, Seyed Masoud Moosavi Basri, Keyvan Sahandi Zangabad, Ameneh Ghamarypour, Amir R Aref, Mahdi Karimi, Michael R Hamblin
According to the latest report from the World Health Organization, an estimated 265,000 deaths still occur every year as a direct result of burn injuries. A widespread range of these deaths induced by burn wound happens in low- and middle-income countries, where survivors face a lifetime of morbidity. Most of the deaths occur due to infections when a high percentage of the external regions of the body area is affected. Microbial nutrient availability, skin barrier disruption, and vascular supply destruction in burn injuries as well as systemic immunosuppression are important parameters that cause burns to be susceptible to infections...
August 3, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776612/overcoming-t-gondii-infection-and-intracellular-protein-nanocapsules-as-biomaterials-for-ultrasonically-controlled-drug-release
#4
REVIEW
M S Aw, L Paniwnyk
One of the pivotal matters of concern in intracellular drug delivery is the preparation of biomaterials containing drugs that are compatible with the host target. Nanocapsules for oral delivery are found to be suitable candidates for targeting Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii), a maneuvering and smart protozoic parasite found across Europe and America that causes a subtle but deadly infection. To overcome this disease, there is much potential of integrating protein-based cells into bioinspired nanocompartments such as via biodegradable cross-linked disulfide polyelectrolyte nanoparticles...
August 4, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706360/osteoporosis-prevention-and-management
#5
Muralidhar V Pai
Osteoporosis, defined by BMD at the hip or lumbar spine that is less than or equal to 2.5 standard deviations below the mean BMD of a young-adult reference population, is the most common bone disease in humans affecting both sexes and all races. It's a silent killer affecting the quality of life due to fractures and postural changes. In osteoporosis there is an imbalance between bone formation and bone resorption in favor of latter. Preventive measures and treatments are available to combat this evil. Counseling is the integral part of prevention as well as treatment of osteoporosis...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466195/beneficial-neurocognitive-effects-of-transcranial-laser-in-older-adults
#6
Enrique Vargas, Douglas W Barrett, Celeste L Saucedo, Li-Da Huang, Jacob A Abraham, Hirofumi Tanaka, Andreana P Haley, F Gonzalez-Lima
Transcranial infrared laser stimulation (TILS) at 1064 nm, 250 mW/cm(2) has been proven safe and effective for increasing neurocognitive functions in young adults in controlled studies using photobiomodulation of the right prefrontal cortex. The objective of this pilot study was to determine whether there is any effect from TILS on neurocognitive function in older adults with subjective memory complaint at risk for cognitive decline (e.g., increased carotid artery intima-media thickness or mild traumatic brain injury)...
July 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366540/valproate-induced-hepatic-steatosis-by-enhanced-fatty-acid-uptake-and-triglyceride-synthesis
#7
Xupeng Bai, Weipeng Hong, Peiheng Cai, Yibei Chen, Chuncao Xu, Di Cao, Weibang Yu, Zhongxiang Zhao, Min Huang, Jing Jin
Steatosis is the characteristic type of VPA-induced hepatotoxicity and may result in life-threatening hepatic lesion. Approximately 61% of patients treated with VPA have been diagnosed with hepatic steatosis through ultrasound examination. However, the mechanisms underlying VPA-induced intracellular fat accumulation are not yet fully understood. Here we demonstrated the involvement of fatty acid uptake and lipogenesis in VPA-induced hepatic steatosis in vitro and in vivo by using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis, western blotting analysis, fatty acid uptake assays, Nile Red staining assays, and Oil Red O staining assays...
June 1, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356203/variation-in-patients-travel-times-among-imaging-examination-types-at-a-large-academic-health-system
#8
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Yu Liang, Richard Duszak, Michael P Recht
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Patients' willingness to travel farther distances for certain imaging services may reflect their perceptions of the degree of differentiation of such services. We compare patients' travel times for a range of imaging examinations performed across a large academic health system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the NYU Langone Medical Center Enterprise Data Warehouse to identify 442,990 adult outpatient imaging examinations performed over a recent 3...
August 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285473/a-modern-case-series-of-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-reboa-in-an-out-of-hospital-combat-casualty-care-setting
#9
Justin D Manley, Benjamin J Mitchell, Joseph J DuBose, Todd E Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is used to mitigate bleeding and sustain central aortic pressure in the setting of shock. The ER-REBOA™ catheter is a new REBOA technology, previously reported only in the setting of civilian trauma and injury care. The use of REBOA in an out-of-hospital setting has not been reported, to our knowledge. METHODS: We present a case series of wartime injured patients cared for by a US Air Force Special Operations Surgical Team at an austere location fewer than 3km (5-10 minutes' transport) from point of injury and 2 hours from the next highest environment of care-a Role 2 equivalent...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991697/materials-chemistry-of-nanoultrasonic-biomedicine
#10
Hailin Tang, Yuanyi Zheng, Yu Chen
As a special cross-disciplinary research frontier, nanoultrasonic biomedicine refers to the design and synthesis of nanomaterials to solve some critical issues of ultrasound (US)-based biomedicine. The concept of nanoultrasonic biomedicine can also overcome the drawbacks of traditional microbubbles and promote the generation of novel US-based contrast agents or synergistic agents for US theranostics. Here, we discuss the recent developments of material chemistry in advancing the nanoultrasonic biomedicine for diverse US-based bio-applications...
December 19, 2016: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908581/sonodynamic-inactivation-of-gram-positive-and-gram-negative-bacteria-using-a-rose-bengal-antimicrobial-peptide-conjugate
#11
David Costley, Heather Nesbitt, Nigel Ternan, James Dooley, Ying-Ying Huang, Michael R Hamblin, Anthony P McHale, John F Callan
Combating antimicrobial resistance is one of the most serious public health challenges facing society today. The development of new antibiotics or alternative techniques that can help combat antimicrobial resistance is being prioritised by many governments and stakeholders across the globe. Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy is one such technique that has received considerable attention but is limited by the inability of light to penetrate through human tissue, reducing its effectiveness when used to treat deep-seated infections...
January 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647603/the-effect-of-thumb-splinting-on-thenar-muscles-atrophy-pain-and-function-in-subjects-with-thumb-carpometacarpal-joint-osteoarthritis
#12
Mokhtar Arazpour, Mohaddeseh Soflaei, Monireh Ahmadi Bani, Seyed Pezhman Madani, Mahsa Sattari, Akbar Biglarian, Zahra Mosallanezhad
BACKGROUND: When the first carpometacarpal joint of the wrist is immobilized using an orthosis to combat the effects of osteoarthritis, atrophy of the thenar muscles may occur. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the thenar muscle diameter and cross-sectional area, joint function, and pain, before and after being supplied with an orthosis in patients with grades 1 and 2 carpometacarpal osteoarthritis compared to a control group. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial...
September 19, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540480/adjunctive-intra-coronary-imaging-for-the-assessment-of-coronary-artery-disease
#13
Nikunj Shah, Bassey Ussen, Michael Mahmoudi
Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease remains a leading cause of worldwide morbidity and mortality. Invasive angiography currently remains the gold standard method of diagnosing and treating coronary disease; however, more sophisticated adjunctive interventional technologies have been developed to combat the inter and intra-observer variability frequently encountered in the assessment of lesion severity. Intravascular imaging now plays a key role in optimising percutaneous coronary interventions and provides invaluable information as part of the interventional cardiologist's diagnostic arsenal...
January 2016: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532142/the-incidence-of-thromboembolism-formation-following-the-use-of-recombinant-factor-viia-in-patients-suffering-from-blunt-force-trauma-compared-with-penetrating-trauma-a-systematic-review
#14
Raymond Devlin, Laura Bonanno, Jennifer Badeaux
BACKGROUND: Rapid replacement of blood loss is critical in patients suffering from traumatic hemorrhage. When the availability of blood products is limited, certain interventions have shown promise in conserving blood supplies. Recombinant factor (rF) VIIa has been administered, as an off-label use, to assist in controlling hemorrhage in trauma patients. Although rFVIIa has a tendency to remain localized to areas of vascular insult, there may be an increase in thromboembolism formation when patients suffer multiple sites of injury as seen in blunt force trauma...
March 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404048/engineered-biomaterial-and-biophysical-stimulation-as-combinatorial-strategies-to-address-prosthetic-infection-by-pathogenic-bacteria
#15
Sunil Kumar Boda, Bikramjit Basu
A plethora of antimicrobial strategies are being developed to address prosthetic infection. The currently available methods for implant infection treatment include the use of antibiotics and revision surgery. Among the bacterial strains, Staphylococcus species pose significant challenges particularly, with regard to hospital acquired infections. In order to combat such life threatening infectious diseases, researchers have developed implantable biomaterials incorporating nanoparticles, antimicrobial reinforcements, surface coatings, slippery/non-adhesive and contact killing surfaces...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299856/high-resolution-ultrasound-in-combat-related-peripheral-nerve-injuries
#16
Jonathan K Smith, Matthew E Miller, Craig G Carroll, Walter J Faillace, Leon J Nesti, Christina M Cawley, Mark E Landau
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral nerve injuries (PNI) sustained in combat are typically severe and are frequently associated with marked soft tissue damage, anatomic distortion, and retained metallic fragments. These features complicate clinical and electrodiagnostic assessment and may preclude MRI. METHODS: We describe 4 cases of military personnel who sustained high-velocity gunshot wounds or blasts with metal fragment injuries in which high resolution peripheral nerve ultrasound (US) proved beneficial...
December 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295817/innovative-program-targets-five-common-pain-syndromes-with-non-opioid-alternatives
#17
(no author information available yet)
To combat the prescription opioid problem, St. Joseph's Healthcare System in Paterson, NJ, has developed a new program that gives providers options they can use to effectively alleviate pain without resorting to highly addictive medication. Launched in January 2016 in the ED at St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center (SJRMC), the Alternatives to Opioids (ALTO) program utilizes protocols that primarily target five common conditions: renal colic, sciatica, headaches, musculoskeletal pain, and extremity fractures...
June 2016: ED Management: the Monthly Update on Emergency Department Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27102780/zika-virus-infection-during-pregnancy-and-microcephaly-occurrence-a-review-of-literature-and-brazilian-data
#18
REVIEW
Newton Sérgio De Carvalho, Beatriz Freitas De Carvalho, Cyllian Arias Fugaça, Bruna Dóris, Evellyn Silverio Biscaia
In November of 2015, the Ministry of Health of Brazil published an announcement confirming the relationship between Zika virus and the microcephaly outbreak in the Northeast, suggesting that infected pregnant women might have transmitted the virus to their fetuses. The objectives of this study were to conduct a literature review about Zika virus infection and microcephaly, evaluate national and international epidemiological data, as well as the current recommendations for the health teams. Zika virus is an arbovirus, whose main vector is the Aedes sp...
May 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27046585/wearable-ultrasound-array-for-point-of-care-imaging-and-patient-monitoring
#19
Andrzej P Mierzwa, Sean P Huang, Kristen T Nguyen, Martin O Culjat, Rahul S Singh
A versatile, flexible piezoceramic array has been developed for a variety of ultrasound applications. The transducer can be configured as a linear or curvilinear transducer array, or mounted directly onto the body as a patch or wearable device. Results using a prototype 16-element array demonstrated equivalence to commercial linear array probes in accuracy of vessel diameter measurements in vascular phantoms. The ability to view needle insertion for peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) procedures was also demonstrated...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26955039/real-time-detection-and-monitoring-of-acute-brain-injury-utilizing-evoked-electroencephalographic-potentials
#20
Jonathan A N Fisher, Stanley Huang, Meijun Ye, Marjan Nabili, W Bryan Wilent, Victor Krauthamer, Matthew R Myers, Cristin G Welle
Rapid detection and diagnosis of a traumatic brain injury (TBI) can significantly improve the prognosis for recovery. Helmet-mounted sensors that detect impact severity based on measurements of acceleration or pressure show promise for aiding triage and transport decisions in active, field environments such as professional sports or military combat. The detected signals, however, report on the mechanics of an impact rather than directly indicating the presence and severity of an injury. We explored the use of cortical somatosensory evoked electroencephalographic potentials (SSEPs) to detect and track, in real-time, neural electrophysiological abnormalities within the first hour following head injury in an animal model...
September 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
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