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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163996/acceptability-of-treatments-and-services-for-individuals-with-hoarding-behaviors
#1
Carolyn I Rodriguez, Amanda Levinson, Sapana R Patel, Kim Rottier, Jordana Zwerling, Susan Essock, Lee Shuer, Randy O Frost, Helen Blair Simpson
OBJECTIVE: To explore the acceptability of currently available treatments and services for individuals who self-report hoarding behaviors. METHOD: Between 10/2013 and 8/2014, participants were invited to complete an online survey that provided them descriptions of eleven treatments and services for hoarding behaviors and asked them to evaluate their acceptability using quantitative (0 [not at all acceptable] -10 [completely acceptable]) Likert scale ratings. The a priori definition of acceptability for a given resource was an average Likert scale score of six or greater...
October 2016: Journal of Obsessive-compulsive and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162112/hoarding-in-the-elderly-a-critical-review-of-the-recent-literature
#2
David M Roane, Alyssa Landers, Jackson Sherratt, Gillian S Wilson
BACKGROUND: Hoarding is now a stand-alone diagnosis in DSM-5. The objective of this review is to critically evaluate the most recent literature on hoarding disorder (HD) in ageing patients. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed and PsychINFO to identify papers from 2000 to 2015 that examined HD and hoarding symptoms in late-life participants. RESULTS: Thirteen studies met inclusion criteria. Selected studies had significant methodological limitations with regard to participant sampling, diagnostic criteria, and methods for identifying co-morbid conditions...
February 6, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152463/symptom-subtype-and-quality-of-life-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#3
Carly M Schwartzman, Christina L Boisseau, Nicholas J Sibrava, Maria C Mancebo, Jane L Eisen, Steven A Rasmussen
Quality of life (QoL) is significantly impaired in OCD across several facets of life, such as social, occupational, and family functioning, subjective sense of well-being, and enjoyment of leisure activities. The present study examined the relationship between 5 symptom subtypes of OCD (contamination, symmetry, hoarding, overresponsibility for harm, and taboo) and QoL. Participants were 325 adults with OCD enrolled in the Brown Longitudinal Obsessive Compulsive Study. Hierarchical linear regression analyses indicated hoarding, contamination, symmetry, and overresponsibility for harm were associated with impairment in household functioning, enjoyment of leisure activities, social relationships, and physical health...
January 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127116/evidence-against-observational-spatial-memory-for-cache-locations-of-conspecifics-in-marsh-tits-poecile-palustris
#4
A Utku Urhan, Ellen Emilsson, Anders Brodin
ABSTRACT: Many species in the family Paridae, such as marsh tits Poecile palustris, are large-scale scatter hoarders of food that make cryptic caches and disperse these in large year-round territories. The perhaps most well-known species in the family, the great tit Parus major, does not store food itself but is skilled in stealing caches from the other species. We have previously demonstrated that great tits are able to memorise positions of caches they have observed marsh tits make and later return and steal the food...
2017: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098171/metallurgical-investigation-on-fourth-century-bce-silver-jewellery-of-two-hoards-from-samaria
#5
D Ashkenazi, H Gitler, A Stern, O Tal
A fourth century BCE silver jewellery collection, which is part of two hoards of Samarian coins (the Samaria and Nablus Hoards), was studied by non-destructive analyses. The collection, which consists of pendants, rings, beads and earrings, had been examined by visual testing, multi-focal microscopy and SEM-EDS analysis. In order to enhance our knowledge of past technologies of silver jewellery production, we developed a metallurgical methodology based on the chemical composition of the joints and bulk. The results show that all artefacts are made of silver containing a small percentage of copper...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092759/effects-of-donor-proliferation-in-development-aid-for-health-on-health-program-performance-a-conceptual-framework
#6
REVIEW
Sarah Wood Pallas, Jennifer Prah Ruger
Development aid for health increased dramatically during the past two decades, raising concerns about inefficiency and lack of coherence among the growing number of global health donors. However, we lack a framework for how donor proliferation affects health program performance to inform theory-based evaluation of aid effectiveness policies. A review of academic and gray literature was conducted. Data were extracted from the literature sample on study design and evidence for hypothesized effects of donor proliferation on health program performance, which were iteratively grouped into categories and mapped into a new conceptual framework...
January 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075495/oral-tactile-sensitivity-and-masticatory-performance-are-impaired-in-stroke-patients
#7
M Schimmel, G Voegeli, E Duvernay, B Leemann, F Müller
Oro-facial impairment following stroke frequently involves reduced chewing performance, that is oral phase dysphagia. The aim was to investigate the sensitivity of oral tissues following stroke and its potential impact on masticatory function. Therefore, hospitalised post-stroke patients were recruited and compared to healthy controls. Outcome measures comprised masticatory performance employing a colour-mixing ability, that is a bolus-kneading test, maximum lip- and bite force and the one-point and two-point tactile thresholds...
March 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063400/relationships-between-neuropsychological-variables-and-factor-analysed-symptom-dimensions-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#8
Himani Kashyap, J Keshav Kumar, Thennarasu Kandavel, Y C Janardhan Reddy
Despite mounting evidence for the distinctiveness of symptom dimensions in obsessive-compulsive disorder, neuropsychological studies have been few, focused on small samples, and relying on classification of participants based on mutually exclusive symptom categories, resulting in lack of concordance across neuropsychological and imaging studies. Neuropsychological assessment was undertaken with 150 individuals with DSM IV OCD, and neuropsychological variables were analysed in relation to symptom dimension scores derived from factor analysis...
December 29, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059322/symmetry-breaking-nanostructures-on-crystalline-silicon-for-enhanced-light-trapping-in-thin-film-solar-cells
#9
Seok Jun Han, Swapnadip Ghosh, Omar K Abudayyeh, Brittany R Hoard, Ethan C Culler, Jose E Bonilla, Sang M Han, Sang Eon Han
We introduce a new approach to systematically break the symmetry in periodic nanostructures on a crystalline silicon surface. Our focus is inverted nanopyramid arrays with a prescribed symmetry. The arrangement and symmetry of nanopyramids are determined by etch mask design and its rotation with respect to the [110] orientation of the Si(001) substrate. This approach eliminates the need for using expensive off-cut silicon wafers. We also make use of low-cost, manufacturable, wet etching steps to fabricate the nanopyramids...
December 26, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053893/bryophytes-hoard-of-remedies-an-ethno-medicinal-review
#10
REVIEW
Satish Chandra, Dinesh Chandra, Anupam Barh, Pankaj, Raj Kumar Pandey, Ishwar Prakash Sharma
Bryophytes are the second largest group of land plants after angiosperms. There is very less knowledge available about medicinal properties of these plants. Bryophytes are popular remedy among the tribal people of different parts of the world. Tribal people use these plants to cure various ailments in their daily lives. Bryophytes are used to cure hepatic disorders, skin diseases, cardiovascular diseases, used as antipyretic, antimicrobial, wound healing and many more other ailments by different tribal communities of Africa, America, Europe, Poland, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, Turkey, Japan, Taiwan, Pakistan, China, Nepal and different parts of South, North and Eastern India...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028484/personality-mental-health-and-demographic-correlates-of-hoarding-behaviours-in-a-midlife-sample
#11
Janet K Spittlehouse, Esther Vierck, John F Pearson, Peter R Joyce
We describe the Temperament and Character Inventory personality traits, demographic features, physical and mental health variables associated with hoarding behaviour in a random community sample of midlife participants in New Zealand. A sample of 404 midlife participants was recruited to a study of ageing. To assess hoarding behaviours participants completed the Savings Inventory-Revised (SI-R), personality was assessed by the Temperament and Character Inventory and self-reported health was measured by the Short Form-36v2 (SF-36v2)...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000021/tree-to-tree-variation-in-seed-size-and-its-consequences-for-seed-dispersal-versus-predation-by-rodents
#12
Bo Wang, Anthony R Ives
Individual variation in seed size and seed production is high in many plant species. How does this variation affect seed-dispersing animals and, in turn, the fitness of individual plants? In this study, we first surveyed intraspecific variation in seed mass and production in a population of a Chinese white pine, Pinus armandii. For 134 target trees investigated in 2012, there was very high variation in seed size, with mean seed mass varying among trees almost tenfold, from 0.038 to 0.361 g. Furthermore, 30 of the 134 trees produced seeds 2 years later, and for these individuals there was a correlation in seed mass of 0...
December 20, 2016: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987424/a-psychometric-validation-study-of-the-impulsive-compulsive-behaviours-checklist-a-transdiagnostic-tool-for-addictive-and-compulsive-behaviours
#13
Karen Guo, George J Youssef, Andrew Dawson, Linden Parkes, Sanne Oostermeijer, Clara López-Solà, Valentina Lorenzetti, Christopher Greenwood, Leonardo F Fontenelle, Murat Yücel
The occurrence of repetitive behaviours that are often harmful has been attributed to traits traditionally described as "impulsive" or "compulsive" e.g. substance dependence, excessive gambling, and hoarding. These behaviours are common and often co-occur in both the general population and psychiatric populations. The lack of measures to concurrently index a range of such behaviours led to the development of the Impulsive-Compulsive Behaviours (ICB) Checklist. This study aims to validate the ICB Checklist in a general community sample...
December 2, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987415/characteristics-circumstances-and-pathology-of-sudden-or-unnatural-deaths-of-cases-with-evidence-of-pathological-hoarding
#14
Shane Darke, Johan Duflou
The study aimed to determine the characteristics and circumstances of cases sudden or unnatural death (n = 61) with evidence of pathological hoarding, their major organ pathology and toxicology. The mean age was 65·8 yrs (a mean of 16.1 years of potential life lost), 62·3% were male, and 28·2% were obese. 95·1% lived alone, and 96·7% died in their residence, with no medical intervention. In all cases severe squalor and extensive hoarding were noted. The direct cause of death was attributed to disease in 75·4%, heart disease being a significant factor in 52·5%...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939851/age-specific-prevalence-of-hoarding-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-population-based-study
#15
Danielle C Cath, Krystal Nizar, Dorret Boomsma, Carol A Mathews
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the age-specific prevalence of hoarding and obsessive compulsive symptoms (OCS), particularly in older age groups. The objectives of this study were to estimate the age-specific prevalence, severity, and relationships between hoarding and OCS in males and females using a large population-based sample. METHODS: We assessed the age-specific prevalence rates of hoarding disorder (HD) and OC disorder (OCD) in males and females (at various age ranges between 15 and 97 years) from the Netherlands Twins Register (N = 15,194)...
November 10, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922721/an-exploratory-investigation-of-animal-hoarding-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-adults-diagnosed-with-hoarding-disorder
#16
Jennifer E Ung, Mary E Dozier, Christiana Bratiotis, Catherine R Ayers
OBJECTIVE: The extant research on animal hoarding has a dearth of information on animal hoarding tendencies in adults diagnosed with hoarding disorder (HD). In the present study, we investigated possible recurrent animal hoarding behavioral and symptom patterns in individuals diagnosed with hoarding disorder. METHODS: Hoarding severity scores from baseline assessments for 65 community-dwelling adults diagnosed with HD were analyzed with respect to their present and past animal ownership characteristics...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915218/parental-bonding-and-hoarding-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#17
David Chen, O Joseph Bienvenu, Janice Krasnow, Ying Wang, Marco A Grados, Bernadette Cullen, Fernando S Goes, Brion Maher, Benjamin D Greenberg, Nicole C McLaughlin, Steven A Rasmussen, Abby J Fyer, James A Knowles, James T McCracken, John Piacentini, Dan Geller, David L Pauls, S Evelyn Stewart, Dennis L Murphy, Yin-Yao Shugart, Mark A Riddle, Gerald Nestadt, Jack Samuels
BACKGROUND: Hoarding behavior may indicate a clinically and possibly etiologically distinct subtype of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Empirical evidence supports a relationship between hoarding and emotional over-attachment to objects. However, little is known about the relationship between hoarding and parental attachment in OCD. METHOD: The study sample included 894 adults diagnosed with DSM-IV OCD who had participated in family and genetic studies of OCD...
November 14, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911004/a-comparison-of-the-neuropsychological-profiles-of-people-living-in-squalor-without-hoarding-to-those-living-in-squalor-associated-with-hoarding
#18
Sook Meng Lee, Matthew Lewis, Deborah Leighton, Ben Harris, Brian Long, Stephen Macfarlane
OBJECTIVE: Squalor affects 1 in 1000 older people and is regarded as a secondary condition to other primary disorders such as dementia, intellectual impairment and alcohol abuse. Squalor frequently is associated with hoarding behaviour. We compared the neuropsychological profile of people living in squalor associated with hoarding to those presenting with squalor only. METHODS: This study is a retrospective case series of hospital inpatient and community healthcare services of 69 people living in squalor (49 from aged care, 16 from aged psychiatry, 3 from acute medical and 1 from a memory clinic)...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896967/methods-to-ensure-the-reproducibility-of-biomedical-research
#19
Konrad J Karczewski, Nicholas P Tatonetti, Arjun K Manrai, Chirag J Patel, C Titus Brown, John P A Ioannidis
Science is not done in a vacuum - across fields of biomedicine, scientists have built on previous research and used data published in previous papers. A mainstay of scientific inquiry is the publication of one's research and recognition for this work is given in the form of citations and notoriety - ideally given in proportion to the quality of the work. Academic incentives, however, may encourage individual researchers to prioritize career ambitions over scientific truth. Recently, the New England Journal of Medicine published a commentary calling scientists who repurpose data "research parasites" who misuse data generated by others to demonstrate alternative hypotheses...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891104/hoarding-symptoms-are-not-exclusive-to-hoarders
#20
Caterina Novara, Gioia Bottesi, Stella Dorz, Ezio Sanavio
Hoarding disorder (HD) was originally conceptualized as a subcategory of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and numerous studies have in fact focused exclusively on investigating the comorbidity between OCD and HD. Hoarding behavior can nevertheless also be found in other clinical populations and in particular in patients with eating disorders (ED), anxiety disorders (AD), major depression (MD), and psychotic disorders (PD). The current study was carried out with the aim of investigating, using a validated instrument such as the Saving Inventory-Revised (SI-R), the presence of HD symptoms in patients diagnosed with ED, AD, MD, and PD...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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