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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772317/haemodialysis-catheter-related-central-venous-thrombosis-clinical-approach-to-evaluation-and-management
#1
REVIEW
Dinesha Himali Sudusinghe, Dilushi Rowena Wijayaratne, Nalaka Gunawansa
Central venous catheter use is common among patients undergoing haemodialysis. Catheter related vascular thrombosis is a frequent complication, which results in catheter dysfunction. This may eliminate the affected vein as a potential route of vascular access and leads to significant morbidity of the limbs involved. Despite increasing prevalence, there is a dearth of evidence-based guidelines for managing such catheter related thrombi, often leading to treatment dilemmas in clinical practice. Minimizing the use of central venous catheters for haemodialysis remains the best approach in preventing such adverse complications...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765794/femoral-access-for-central-venous-port-system-implantation
#2
Mikhail Cherkashin, Natalia Berezina, Denis Puchkov, Kirill Suprun, Petr Yablonsky
Totally implanted venous access port (TIVAP) systems provide adequate quality of care and life, especially for oncology patients. Long-term vascular access is very important and easy to perform, but in some clinical situations, if patients have a superior caval system occlusion, femoral insertion may be the only option. We present a case of a 70-year-old colorectal adenocarcinoma patient diagnosed with subclavian vein hypoplasia. Her care team decided intraoperatively to implant a port system by the right femoral access...
March 14, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758322/endovascular-repair-of-an-inadvertent-right-vertebral-artery-rupture-during-dialysis-catheter-insertion
#3
Kalliopi-Maria Tasopoulou, Christos Argyriou, Michael Mantatzis, Konstantia Kantartzi, Ploumis Passadakis, George S Georgiadis
Central venous (CV) catheterization is not only an invaluable diagnostic modality but also an essential therapeutic tool for the treating physician, enabling rapid and reliable intravenous administration of drugs and fluids, providing venous access to patients undergoing long-term continuous or repeated intravenous treatment such as chemotherapy or it can be used for haemodialysis in patients suffering from acute or chronic renal disease. On the other hand, CV catheterization can lead to a wide range of life-threatening complications for the patient especially if left untreated or become late-diagnosed...
May 11, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756705/ultrasound-guided-vascular-cannulation-experience-in-critically-ill-pediatric-patients
#4
José M López Álvarez, Olivia Pérez Quevedo, Teresa Ramírez Lorenzo, José M Limiñana Cañal, Juan F Loro Ferrer
INTRODUCTION: Central vascular cannulation in children is a highly complex technique and poses many difficulties. Vascular ultrasound can make this procedure easier. OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of ultrasound-guided vascular cannulation in critically-ill pediatric patients. POPULATION AND METHODS: Outcome measures prospectively recorded were vessels most frequently cannulated, their localization, the measurement of their diameter/depth, the success rate and complications developed, among others...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739749/prevalence-of-central-vein-stenosis-in-patients-referred-for-vein-mapping
#5
Fasika M Tedla, Guerrier Clerger, Dale Distant, Moro Salifu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Central vein stenosis is considered to be common in patients on hemodialysis but its exact prevalence is not known. In this study, we report the prevalence of central vein stenosis in patients with CKD referred for vein mapping. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a retrospective study of adult patients who had bilateral upper extremity venographic vein mapping from September 1, 2011 to December 31, 2015. Patients with and without stenosis were compared for differences in clinical or demographic characteristics...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701407/creative-vascular-access-construction-in-same-patient
#6
Pedro Pinto Sousa, Paulo Almeida, Pedro Sá Pinto, Rui Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Creating and maintaining a functional vascular access(VA) is a critical factor in the survival of a dialysis patient. However, it will not function forever, implying a creative attitude from the vascular surgeon either to maintain its functionality or built a new one wherever possible, being it autologous or synthetic. METHODS: Describe the VA history of a 59years-old male with morbid obesity and end-stage chronic kidney disease. RESULTS: His VA construction started in2012 with failed attempts in both forearms until a functional brachiocephalic artery-venous fistula(AVF) in the right upper limb was achieved, but was deemed to ligation as severe venous hypertension secondary to central venous disease related to CVC use...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701120/comparison-of-two-types-of-catheters-through-femoral-vein-catheterization-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-undergoing-chemotherapy-a-retrospective-study
#7
Binbin Xu, Jinghui Zhang, Siyuan Tang, Jianmei Hou, Mengdan Ma
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects and complications of different types of peripherally inserted central catheters through femoral vein catheterization in patients with lung cancer undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 158 patients with lung cancer undergoing implantation of a venous access through femoral vein catheterization was performed. The patients were divided into two groups by convenience sampling: the single-lumen silicone Groshong peripherally inserted central catheters with valved tip were used in patients in group A, the single-lumen power-injectable polyurethane peripherally inserted central catheters with no valve were used in patients in group B...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697182/leadless-pacemaker-placement-in-a-patient-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-strategy-to-preserve-central-veins
#8
Joan Alberto Maradey, Geoffrey Te Jao, Tushar J Vachharajani
Cardiac rhythm disorder is frequently encountered in hemodialysis patients and is often treated with a cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED). The conventional CIED requires placement of transvenous leads resulting in subclinical central venous stenosis, which can adversely affect the successful creation of a permanent dialysis vascular access. The technological advancement of a leadless pacemaker provides an opportunity to implement a strategy to preserve central veins in patients with chronic kidney disease...
April 26, 2018: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690817/failure-to-place-a-tunneled-hemodialysis-catheter-due-to-malformation-of-right-internal-jugular-vein-draining-to-subclavian-vein
#9
Li-Na Zhu, Li-Jun Mou, Ying-Hu, Gui-Na Wei, Jun-Feng Sun
The right internal jugular vein (IJV) is an important access site for hemodialysis catheterization. Venous cannulation failure is usually caused by central venous stenosis and is rarely related to vessel malformation. We herein present a case of failure to place a tunneled hemodialysis catheter into the right IJV. The patient had an arteriovenous fistula in the right arm with inadequate flow and a history of multiple central venous catheterizations. The guidewire was repeatedly misplaced into the right subclavian vein (SV) regardless of the technique used...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689743/extravasation-of-total-parenteral-nutrition-into-the-liver-from-an-upper-extremity-peripherally-inserted-central-venous-catheter
#10
Arpit Gupta, Alok Bhutada, Miheret Yitayew, Shantanu Rastogi
Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) are the mainstay of central venous access in preterm infants, and one of the common procedures performed in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Complications of PICC include infection, mechanical dysfunction, thrombosis, migration, and extravasation of the infusate. In this report, we describe a case of PICC inserted from an upper extremity with migration into the inferior vena cava (IVC) and the hepatic vein associated with extravasation of the total parenteral nutrition (TPN) into the peritoneum and the liver...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689520/brachiocephalic-a-v-fistula-through-the-median-cubital-vein-a-reliable-option-to-failure-of-forearm-fistulas-a-case-report-from-chu-yaound%C3%A3
#11
Marc Leroy Guifo, Denis Georges Teuwafeu, Motto Georges Bwelle, Guy Aristide Bang, Mefiré Alain Chichom, Aurelien Ndoumbe, Arthur Georges Essomba
INTRODUCTION: Renal replacement therapy in end-stage kidney disease relies on dialysis in low-income countries. This maintenance treatment needs a reliable vascular access and is done through central venous catheter or creation of A-V fistulas. Several types of A-V fistulas can be done but due to some individual conditions, those possibilities may be exhausted rapidly. CASE PRESENTATION: A 31 year old female was diagnosed with an end stage renal disease for which she was prescribed maintenance dialysis...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689025/combination-therapy-of-intravitreal-ranibizumab-and-subthreshold-micropulse-photocoagulation-for-macular-edema-secondary-to-branch-retinal-vein-occlusion-6-month-result
#12
Hiroko Terashima, Hiruma Hasebe, Fumiki Okamoto, Naoki Matsuoka, Yayoi Sato, Takeo Fukuchi
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of the combination therapy of intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) and 577-nm yellow laser subthreshold micropulse laser photocoagulation (SMLP) for macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion cystoid macular edema. METHODS: Retrospective, consecutive, case-control study. Forty-six eyes of 46 patients with treatment-naive branch retinal vein occlusion cystoid macular edema were enrolled. The IVR + SMLP group consisted of 22 patients who had undergone both SMLP and IVR...
April 23, 2018: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683822/the-brachiocephalic-vein-as-a-safe-and-viable-alternative-to-internal-jugular-vein-for-central-venous-cannulation
#13
Paolo Federico Beccaria, Simona Silvetti, Rosalba Lembo, Giovanni Landoni, Giacomo Monti, Massimo Zambon, Daniela Mamo, Alberto Zangrillo
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have compared success and complication rates for central line insertion sites with and without ultrasound, few have examined the use of the brachiocephalic vein for central venous access. The aim of this study was to describe the brachiocephalic vein as an alternative site for elective ultrasound vascular cannulation in adults, and to compare it with the more commonly used internal jugular vein site in terms of procedural difficulties, first pass failure rate, overall failure rate, and safety...
April 19, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681225/the-united-kingdom-and-ireland-experience-of-the-haemodialysis-reliable-outflow-graft-for-vascular-access
#14
James P Hunter, Simon R Knight, N Inston, D Ridway, A Tavakoli, S Suttie, D Kingsmore, T Brown, S Sultan, J Gilbert
OBJECTIVES: To describe the UK and Ireland experience of the Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow graft in complex vascular access. DESIGN: Observational, multi-centre case series. METHODS: Data from any patient undergoing Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow graft were collected from eight UK and one Irish centre. Any Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow procedure between July 2013 and May 2016 was included. Demographics, primary and secondary patency rates, and complications were analysed...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675773/ct-guided-translumbar-placement-of-permanent-catheters-in-the-inferior-vena-cava-description-of-the-technique-with-technical-success-and-complications-data
#15
Gerd Grözinger, Ulrich Grosse, Roland Syha, Rüdiger Hoffmann, Sasan Partovi, Konstantin Nikolaou, Stéphane Stahl, Alfred Königsrainer, Karolin Thiel, Christian Thiel
PURPOSE: To evaluate indications, technical success rate and complications of CT-guided translumbar catheter placement in the inferior vena cava for long-term central venous access (Port and Hickman catheters) as a bail-out approach in patients with no alternative options for permanent central venous access. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 12 patients with a total of 17 interventions. All patients suffered from bilaterally chronically occluded venous vessels of their upper extremities, without patent internal jugular and/or subclavian veins...
April 19, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651905/the-intracavitary-electrocardiography-method-for-tip-location-of-jugular-internal-vein-access-device-in-infants-of-less-than-5-kg-a-pilot-study
#16
Rossella Mastroianni, Antonella Capasso, Gaetano Ausanio
PURPOSE: This is a prospective observational study conducted by neonatologists in neonatal intensive care unit from Sant'Anna and San Sebastiano Hospital, Caserta, Italy. The objective of the study is to verify the feasibility of intracavitary electrocardiography method for tip location of central venous access device in infants of less than 5 kg and evaluate the accuracy of the method in comparison with post-procedural echocardiographical verification of the tip position. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 27 patients weighted between 0...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642728/tunnelling-a-midline-catheter-when-the-traffic-light-shifts-from-yellow-to-green
#17
Adam Fabiani, Lorella Dreas, Gianfranco Sanson
INTRODUCTION: A safe, largely used practice for difficult venous access patients is positioning a catheter in deeper veins under ultrasound guide. However, the risk of complications is increased when there is a high catheter-to-vein ratio or when the insertion site is in a zone with particular anatomical/physiological characteristics. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 60-year-old woman admitted to a post-operative intensive care unit after cardiac surgery had a complicated post-operative course...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615373/interventional-management-of-central-vein-occlusion-in-patients-with-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-placement
#18
Jae Woo Yeon, Young Kwon Cho, Han Myun Kim, Myung Gyu Song, Soon-Young Song, Sung Bum Cho, Sam Yeol Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the incidence of central vein occlusion (CVO) and analyzed the interventional management for CVO during peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) placement to suggest an adequate management protocol to ensure the success and patency of PICCs. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 2568 PICCs to identify CVO in two medical centers between January 2016 and June 2017. Procedural images were reviewed for the following items: date and indication for the PICC; type of catheter; accessed vein and arm; characteristics of CVO on ascending arm venography; PICC placement technique; indwelling period of the PICC; and follow-up records...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610163/recanalization-of-occluded-central-veins-in-a-parenteral-nutrition-dependent-child-with-no-access
#19
Patrick M Sullivan, Russell Merritt, Juan Carlos Pelayo, Frank F Ing
Central venous thromboses are common and pose challenges in the care of chronically ill pediatric patients. Among patients with intestinal failure (most commonly because of short bowel syndrome) who depend on parenteral nutrition, progressive loss of central venous access sites is a potentially fatal complication. We present the case of a 5-year-old girl with parenteral nutrition-dependent short bowel syndrome and no remaining standard central venous access sites despite medical anticoagulation, in whom angioplasty and stent implantations were used to reconstruct chronically occluded central veins...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592529/a-novel-technique-of-axillary-vein-puncture-involving-peripherally-inserted-central-venous-catheters-for-a-small-basilic-vein
#20
Fumito Saijo, Yoshinobu Odaka, Mitsuhisa Mutoh, Yu Katayose, Hiromi Tokumura
PURPOSE: Peripherally inserted central venous catheters are some of the most useful devices for vascular access used globally. Peripherally inserted central venous catheters have a low rate of fatal mechanical complications when compared to non-tunnel central venous catheters. However, as peripherally inserted central venous catheter access requires a smaller vein, there is a high risk of thrombosis. The axillary vein (confluence of the basilic and brachial veins) can serve as an access for cannulation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
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