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Polydextrose

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720931/quality-attributes-of-dahi-prepared-from-milk-fortified-with-omega-3-fatty-acids-phytosterols-and-polydetxrose
#1
N Veena, B Surendra Nath, Bandla Srinivas, B V Balasubramanyam
In the present study, dahi prepared using milk fortified with omega-3 fatty acids (flaxseed oil), phytosterols and soluble fibre (polydextrose) through an oil-in-water emulsion was evaluated for the physico-chemical and sensory quality. The levels of fortificants in fortified dahi were also estimated. Fortification process did not affect the degree of fermentation in terms of pH and acidity. Sensory scores of fortified and control dahi did not differ significantly. Fortified dahi had lower viscosity, firmness and consistency, and higher water holding capacity (WHC) compared to control; however, significant differences were not observed in firmness and consistency values...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706193/polydextrose-changes-the-gut-microbiome-and-attenuates-fasting-triglyceride-and-cholesterol-levels-in-western-diet-fed-mice
#2
Ghulam Shere Raza, Heli Putaala, Ashley A Hibberd, Esa Alhoniemi, Kirsti Tiihonen, Kari Antero Mäkelä, Karl-Heinz Herzig
Obesity and dyslipidemia are hallmarks of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Polydextrose (PDX), a soluble fiber has lipid lowering effects. We hypothesize that PDX reduces triglycerides and cholesterol by influencing gut microbiota, which in turn modulate intestinal gene expression. C57BL/6 male mice were fed a Western diet (WD) ±75 mg PDX twice daily by oral gavage for 14 days. Body weight and food intake were monitored daily. Fasting plasma lipids, caecal microbiota and gene expression in intestine and liver were measured after 14 days of feeding...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705786/investigation-of-the-efficacy-of-synbiotics-in-the-treatment-of-functional-constipation-in-children-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#3
Ahmet Baştürk, Reha Artan, Atike Atalay, Aygen Yılmaz
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the efficacy of synbiotic (Lactobacillus casei, L. rhamnosus, L. plantarum, and Bifidobacterium lactis and prebiotics [fiber, polydextrose, fructo-oligosaccharides, and galacto-oligosaccharides]) treatment in children with functional constipation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed in patients aged 4-18 years, and the patients were diagnosed to have functional constipation according to the Roma III diagnostic criteria...
July 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533178/mucin-and-carbohydrate-stimulated-adhesion-and-subproteome-changes-of-the-probiotic-bacterium-lactobacillus-acidophilus-ncfm
#4
Hasan Ufuk Celebioglu, Sita Vaag Olesen, Kennie Prehn, Sampo J Lahtinen, Susanne Brix, Maher Abou Hachem, Birte Svensson
Adhesion to intestinal mucosa is a crucial property for probiotic bacteria. Adhesion is thought to increase host-bacterial interactions, thus potentially enabling health benefits to the host. Molecular events connected with adhesion and surface proteome changes were investigated for the probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM cultured with established or emerging prebiotic carbohydrates as carbon source and in the presence of mucin, the glycoprotein of the epithelial mucus layer. Variation in adhesion to HT29-cells and mucin was associated with carbon source and mucin-induced subproteome abundancy differences...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418082/non-digestible-carbohydrates-supplementation-increases-mir-32-expression-in-the-healthy-human-colorectal-epithelium-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Fiona C Malcomson, Naomi D Willis, Iain McCallum, Long Xie, Bart Lagerwaard, Seamus Kelly, D Michael Bradburn, Nigel J Belshaw, Ian T Johnson, John C Mathers
Colorectal cancer (CRC) risk is modulated by diet and there is convincing evidence of reduced risk with higher non-digestible carbohydrates (NDCs) consumption. Resistant starch (RS), a NDC, positively modulates the expression of oncogenic microRNAs, suggesting that this could be a mechanism through which NDCs protect against CRC. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of supplementation with two NDCs, RS, and polydextrose (PD), on microRNA expression in the macroscopically-normal human rectal epithelium using samples from the DISC Study, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled dietary intervention...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407909/effect-of-temperature-and-relative-humidity-on-stability-following-simulated-gastro-intestinal-digestion-of-microcapsules-of-bordo-grape-skin-phenolic-extract-produced-with-different-carrier-agents
#6
Luiza Siede Kuck, Júlia Lerina Wesolowski, Caciano Pelayo Zapata Noreña
The stability of microparticles of Bordo grape skin aqueous extract, produced by spray-drying and freeze-drying using polydextrose (5%) and partially hydrolyzed guar gum (5%), was evaluated under accelerated conditions (75 and 90% relative humidity, at 35, 45, and 55°C for 35days) and simulated gastrointestinal digestion. The temperature had a significant effect on the reduction of phenolics content, with retentions varying from 82.5 to 93.5%. The retention of total monomer anthocyanins were in the range of 3...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290325/assessing-the-effects-of-different-prebiotic-dietary-oligosaccharides-in-sheep-milk-ice-cream
#7
C F Balthazar, H L A Silva, A H Vieira, R P C Neto, L P Cappato, P T Coimbra, J Moraes, M M Andrade, V M A Calado, D Granato, M Q Freitas, M I B Tavares, R S L Raices, M C Silva, A G Cruz
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of different prebiotic dietary oligosaccharides (inulin, fructo-oligosaccharide, galacto-oligossacaride, short-chain fructo-oligosaccharide, resistant starch, corn dietary oligosaccharide and polydextrose) in non-fat sheep milk ice cream processing through physical parameters, water mobility and thermal analysis. Overall, the fat replacement by dietary prebiotic oligosaccharides significantly decreased the melting time, melting temperature and the fraction and relaxation time for fat and bound water (T22) while increased the white intensity and glass transition temperature...
January 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245156/carbohydrates-as-fat-replacers
#8
Xingyun Peng, Yuan Yao
The overconsumption of dietary fat contributes to various chronic diseases, which encourages attempts to develop and consume low-fat foods. Simple fat reduction causes quality losses that impede the acceptance of foods. Fat replacers are utilized to minimize the quality deterioration after fat reduction or removal to achieve low-calorie, low-fat claims. In this review, the forms of fats and their functions in contributing to food textural and sensory qualities are discussed in various food systems. The connections between fat reduction and quality loss are described in order to clarify the rationales of fat replacement...
February 28, 2017: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139153/effects-of-puddings-containing-whey-protein-and-polydextrose-on-subjective-feelings-of-appetite-and-short-term-energy-intake-in-healthy-adults
#9
Marcela Martinelli, Florencia Walz, Eva Goñi, Giovanna Passutti, Carlos Osella, Silvina R Drago
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of puddings with whey protein (WP) and polidextrose (PX) on appetite feelings and energy intake. A single-blind randomized, crossover study was carried out in 25 healthy adults. Participants consumed two different puddings, including control or test pudding (12.9 g WP and 6 g PX). Two testing days were completed, including satiety questionnaires and ad libitum lunch. For all participants, energy intake at lunch was similar after consumption of control or test pudding...
January 31, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100603/digestion-resistant-dextrin-derivatives-are-moderately-digested-in-the-small-intestine-and-contribute-more-to-energy-production-than-predicted-from-large-bowel-fermentation-in-rats
#10
Takashi Kondo, Kei Handa, Tomomi Genda, Shingo Hino, Norihisa Hamaguchi, Tatsuya Morita
Background: Digestion-resistant dextrin derivatives (DRDDs), including resistant maltodextrin (RM), polydextrose, and resistant glucan (RG), have been developed as low-energy foods. However, data on the resistance of DRDDs to small-intestinal digestion are scarce.Objective: We sought to determine the site and extent of DRDD breakdown in the rat intestine and to predict its energy contributions.Methods: In vitro small-intestinal resistance of DRDDs was evaluated by the AOAC method for dietary fiber measurement and by artificial digestion with the use of pancreatic α-amylase and brush-boarder membrane vesicles...
March 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077379/effects-of-supplementation-with-nondigestible-carbohydrates-on-fecal-calprotectin-and-on-epigenetic-regulation-of-sfrp1-expression-in-the-large-bowel-mucosa-of-healthy-individuals
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Fiona C Malcomson, Naomi D Willis, Iain McCallum, Long Xie, Idoia Ibero-Baraibar, Wing C Leung, Seamus Kelly, D Michael Bradburn, Nigel J Belshaw, Ian T Johnson, John C Mathers
BACKGROUND: Hyperactive Wnt signaling is frequently observed in colorectal cancer. Higher intakes of dietary fiber [nondigestible carbohydrates (NDCs)] and the fermentation product butyrate are protective against colorectal cancer and may exert their preventative effects via modulation of the Wnt pathway. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effects of supplementing healthy individuals with 2 NDCs [resistant starch (RS) and polydextrose] on fecal calprotectin concentrations and Wnt pathway-related gene expression...
February 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979220/controlling-the-potential-gastrointestinal-fate-of-%C3%AE-carotene-emulsions-using-interfacial-engineering-impact-of-coating-lipid-droplets-with-polyphenol-protein-carbohydrate-conjugate
#12
Fuguo Liu, Cuicui Ma, Ruojie Zhang, Yanxiang Gao, David Julian McClements
The impact of interfacial coatings comprised of polyphenol-protein-carbohydrate conjugates on the properties of nutraceutical-fortified lipid droplets during digestion was investigated. Surface-active chlorogenic acid-lactoferrin-polydextrose (CA-LF-PD) conjugate was synthesized as emulsifier to stabilize lipid droplets in β-carotene-enriched oil-in-water emulsions. Changes in droplet size, charge, and microstructure were monitored as β-carotene emulsions were passed through a simulated gastrointestinal tract model (mouth, stomach, small intestine)...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925212/sucrose-replacement-in-high-ratio-white-layer-cakes
#13
Rebecca A Miller, Orelia E Dann, Amanda R Oakley, Megan E Angermayer, Katherine H Brackebusch
BACKGROUND: Several commercially available alternative sweeteners have potential in reducing the caloric content of baked products. Sugar alcohols and natural sweeteners have similar bulk as sucrose and can replace sucrose directly. High intensity sweeteners have high potency but light weight so bulking agents are often added. This study determined alternative sweeteners and combinations of alternative sweetener and a bulking agent that produced good quality white layer cakes. RESULTS: Cakes made with maltitol were acceptable but erythritol and fructose produced undesirable cakes...
December 7, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916475/effects-of-polydextrose-with-breakfast-or-with-a-midmorning-preload-on-food-intake-and-other-appetite-related-parameters-in-healthy-normal-weight-and-overweight-females-an-acute-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-and-crossover-study
#14
Alvin Ibarra, Kaisa Olli, Wilrike Pasman, Henk Hendriks, Esa Alhoniemi, Ghulam Shere Raza, Karl-Heinz Herzig, Kirsti Tiihonen
Polydextrose (PDX) reduces subsequent energy intake (EI) when administered at midmorning in single-blind trials of primarily normal-weight men. However, it is unclear if this effect also occurs when PDX is given at breakfast time. Furthermore, for ecological validity, it is desirable to study a female population, including those at risk for obesity. We studied the effects of PDX, served as part of a breakfast or midmorning preload, on subsequent EI and other appetite-related parameters in healthy normal-weight and overweight females...
March 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810310/probiotic-with-or-without-fiber-controls-body-fat-mass-associated-with-serum-zonulin-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lotta K Stenman, Markus J Lehtinen, Nils Meland, Jeffrey E Christensen, Nicolas Yeung, Markku T Saarinen, Michael Courtney, Rémy Burcelin, Marja-Leena Lähdeaho, Jüri Linros, Dan Apter, Mika Scheinin, Hilde Kloster Smerud, Aila Rissanen, Sampo Lahtinen
BACKGROUND: The gut microbiota is interlinked with obesity, but direct evidence of effects of its modulation on body fat mass is still scarce. We investigated the possible effects of Bifidobacterium animalisssp. lactis 420 (B420) and the dietary fiber Litesse® Ultra polydextrose (LU) on body fat mass and other obesity-related parameters. METHODS: 225 healthy volunteers (healthy, BMI 28-34.9) were randomized into four groups (1:1:1:1), using a computer-generated sequence, for 6months of double-blind, parallel treatment: 1) Placebo, microcrystalline cellulose, 12g/d; 2) LU, 12g/d; 3) B420, 10(10)CFU/d in microcrystalline cellulose, 12g/d; 4) LU+B420, 12g+10(10)CFU/d...
November 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763700/early-life-diets-with-prebiotics-and-bioactive-milk-fractions-attenuate-the-impact-of-stress-on-learned-helplessness-behaviours-and-alter-gene-expression-within-neural-circuits-important-for-stress-resistance
#16
Agnieszka Mika, Heidi E W Day, Alexander Martinez, Nicole L Rumian, Benjamin N Greenwood, Maciej Chichlowski, Brian M Berg, Monika Fleshner
Manipulating gut microbes may improve mental health. Prebiotics are indigestible compounds that increase the growth and activity of health-promoting microorganisms, yet few studies have examined how prebiotics affect CNS function. Using an acute inescapable stressor known to produce learned helplessness behaviours such as failure to escape and exaggerated fear, we tested whether early life supplementation of a blend of two prebiotics, galactooligosaccharide (GOS) and polydextrose (PDX), and the glycoprotein lactoferrin (LAC) would attenuate behavioural and biological responses to stress later in life...
October 20, 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618093/polydextrose-physiological-function-and-effects-on-health
#17
REVIEW
Mariane Moreira Ramiro do Carmo, Julia Clara Leite Walker, Daiana Novello, Valeria Maria Caselato, Valdemiro Carlos Sgarbieri, Arthur C Ouwehand, Nelson Adami Andreollo, Priscila Aiko Hiane, Elisvânia Freitas Dos Santos
Polydextrose (PDX) is a non-digestible oligosaccharide used widely across most sectors of the food industry. It is a randomly linked glucose oligomer containing small amounts of sorbitol and citric acid. The random bonds in PDX prevent mammalian digestive enzymes from readily hydrolyzing the molecule and it has a reported energy value of 1 kcal/g. These properties have led to the acceptance in many countries that PDX provides similar physiological effects as other dietary fibers and has shown prebiotic potential...
September 8, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603970/early-life-diet-containing-prebiotics-and-bioactive-whey-protein-fractions-increased-dendritic-spine-density-of-rat-hippocampal-neurons
#18
Rosaline V Waworuntu, Taleen Hanania, Steven R Boikess, Christopher S Rex, Brian M Berg
Early life nutrition plays an important role in brain development. Emerging research in rodents, piglets and humans suggest that prebiotics, milk fat globule membrane and lactoferrin may each play unique roles in brain development and cognitive functions. However, knowledge of their combined impact is lacking. We show here that providing weanling rats with a diet containing milk fat globule membrane, lactoferrin and a polydextrose/galactooligosaccharide prebiotic blend led to a significant increase in total dendritic spine density in hippocampal dentate gyrus neurons...
December 2016: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580979/a-90-day-oral-dietary-toxicity-and-mass-balance-study-of-corn-starch-fiber-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#19
Christine M Crincoli, Andrey I Nikiforov, Marisa O Rihner, Elizabeth A Lambert, Melanie A Greeley, Justin Godsey, Alex K Eapen, Jennifer L G van de Ligt
The potential toxicity of corn starch fiber was assessed and compared to polydextrose, a commonly used bulking agent with a long history of safe use in the food supply. Groups of male and female Crl:CD(SD) rats were fed 0 (control), 1,000, 3,000, or 10,000 mg/kg-bw/day corn starch fiber in the diet for 90 days. The polydextrose reference article was offered on a comparable regimen at 10,000 mg/kg-bw/day. Following a single gavage dose of [(14)C]-corn starch fiber on study day 13 or 90, the mass balance of the test article was assessed by analysis of excreta samples collected from 0 to 168 h post-dose...
November 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571098/distant-site-effects-of-ingested-prebiotics
#20
REVIEW
Stephanie Collins, Gregor Reid
The gut microbiome is being more widely recognized for its association with positive health outcomes, including those distant to the gastrointestinal system. This has given the ability to maintain and restore microbial homeostasis a new significance. Prebiotic compounds are appealing for this purpose as they are generally food-grade substances only degraded by microbes, such as bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, from which beneficial short-chain fatty acids are produced. Saccharides such as inulin and other fructo-oligosaccharides, galactooligosaccharides, and polydextrose have been widely used to improve gastrointestinal outcomes, but they appear to also influence distant sites...
August 26, 2016: Nutrients
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