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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667540/16th-annual-aacn-conference-and-workshops-of-the-american-academy-of-clinical-neuropsychology-aacn-at-the-san-diego-marriott-marquis-marina-333-w-harbor-dr-san-diego-ca-june-20-23-2018
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667383/knowledge-of-cardiovascular-disease-cvd-risk-factors-in-population-of-ma%C3%A5-opolska-voivodeship-in-two-independent-cross-sectional-studies
#2
Anna Waśniowska, Grzegorz Kopeć, Krystyna Szafraniec, Magdalena Kozela, Agnieszka Sarnecka, Klaudia Knap, Andrzej Pająk, Piotr Podolec
INTRODUCTION: Low level of knowledge of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors is related to higher risk of death and health educational programs are of particular importance in CVD prevention. Monitoring the level of knowledge of CVD risk factors is necessary to verify the effectiveness of education and to facilitate the right choice of education methods. AIM: to compare the assessment of knowledge of CVD risk factors in the population of Małopolska Voivodeship from the two independent cross-sectional studies...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664909/higher-parental-occupational-social-contact-is-associated-with-a-reduced-risk-of-incident-pediatric-type-1-diabetes-mediation-through-molecular-enteroviral-indices
#3
Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Angela Pezic, Fergus J Cameron, Christine Rodda, Andrew S Kemp, John B Carlin, Heikki Hyoty, Amirbabak Sioofy-Khojine, Terence Dwyer, Justine A Ellis, Maria E Craig
We aimed to examine the association between parental occupational social contact and hygiene factors on type 1 diabetes (T1D) risk and possible mediation of these effects through child enteroviral infection. We interviewed 333 incident T1D cases and 660 controls from 2008-2011 in Melbourne, Australia. Enteroviral indices (ribonucleic acid by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Coxsackie B virus antibody levels) in peripheral blood were measured in nested case control samples. Parent occupational social contact was assessed by the number of well or sick children, adults or animals contacted daily through work...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664049/increased-serum-cystatin-c-in-early-parkinson-s-disease-with-objective-sleep-disturbances
#4
Kang-Ping Xiong, Yong-Ping Dai, Jing Chen, Jin-Min Xu, Yi Wang, Ping Feng, Shou-Jiang You, Chun-Feng Liu
Background: Sleep disturbance is one of the major non-motor symptoms which cause the disability of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Cystatin C (CysC) is a more sensitive biomarker than serum creatinine or estimated glomerular filtration rate. Previous studies have reported altered CysC levels in neurodegenerative disorders and sleep disorders. This study aimed to explore the correlations of serum CysC levels and objective sleep disturbances in early PD. Methods: We recruited 106 early PD patients and 146 age- and sex-matched controls...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656415/focusing-on-cancer-patients-intentions-to-use-psycho-oncological-support-a-longitudinal-mixed-methods-study
#5
T Tondorf, A Grossert, S I Rothschild, M T Koller, C Rochlitz, A Kiss, R Schaefert, G Meinlschmidt, S Hunziker, D Zwahlen
OBJECTIVE: Distress screening programs aim to ensure appropriate psycho-oncological support for cancer patients, but many eligible patients do not use these services. To improve distress management, we need to better understand patients' supportive care needs. In this paper, we report the first key finding from a longitudinal study that focused on patients' intentions to use psycho-oncological support, and its association with distress and uptake of the psycho-oncology service. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational study in an Oncology Outpatient Clinic and assessed distress, intention to use psycho-oncological support, and uptake of the psycho-oncology service using the Distress Thermometer (DT), a semi-structured interview, and hospital records...
April 15, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656358/a-comparative-study-on-defluoridation-capabilities-of-biosorbents-isotherm-kinetics-thermodynamics-cost-estimation-and-eco-toxicological-study
#6
Shraboni Mukherjee, Sujata Dutta, Sourjya Ray, Gopinath Halder
The present study aims towards fluoride remediation from synthetic water using steam-activated carbon of Aegle marmelos (bael shell/wood apple) (BAC) and Parthenium hysterophorus (PHAC) according to batch sorption techniques. The impact of different parametric conditions viz. initial fluoride concentration (4-12 mg/L), time (0-5 h), temperature (293.15-333.15 K), adsorbent dosage (4-14 g/L), pH (4-9), and RPM (150-350) were considered for both the adsorbents. Maximum defluoridation of 89% was achieved by BAC at a concentration of 10 mg/L, adsorbent dose 6 g/L, pH 5, temperature 313...
April 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656299/effects-of-moisture-content-and-loading-profile-on-changing-properties-of-bone-micro-biomechanical-characteristics
#7
Bowen Wang, Ruisong Chen, Fengrong Chen, Jingjing Dong, Zixiang Wu, Hu Wang, Zhao Yang, Faqi Wang, Jian Wang, Xiaofan Yang, Yafei Feng, Zheyuan Huang, Wei Lei, Haoyuan Liu
BACKGROUND Our study explored the influences of hydration conditions and loading methods on the mechanical properties of cortical bones and cancellous bones. MATERIAL AND METHODS Elastic modulus and hardness of human cortical bones and cancellous bones that contained different moisture levels (20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, and 60%) were measured with nanoindentation with different peak loads and loading rates. Cortical bones with 20% and 60% moisture were tested with 30 nm, 40 nm, and 50 nm peak loads at 6 nm/s, 8 nm/s, and 10 nm/s loading rates, respectively...
April 15, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653425/microplastics-and-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-xiamen-coastal-areas-implications-for-anthropogenic-impacts
#8
Guowen Tang, Mengyang Liu, Qian Zhou, Haixia He, Kai Chen, Haibo Zhang, Jiahui Hu, Qinghui Huang, Yongming Luo, Hongwei Ke, Bin Chen, Xiangrong Xu, Minggang Cai
Microplastics and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were investigated to study the influence of human activities and to find their possible relationship on the coastal environments, where the coastal areas around Xiamen are undergoing intensive processes of industrialization and urbanization in the southeast China. The abundance of microplastics in Xiamen coastal areas was 103 to 2017particles/m3 in surface seawater and 76 to 333 particles/kg in sediments. Concentrations of dissolved PAHs varied from 18...
April 10, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653272/evaluation-of-microsurgery-for-managing-giant-or-complex-cerebral-aneurysms-a-retrospective-study
#9
Nakao Ota, Hidetoshi Matsukawa, Kosumo Noda, Hirotaka Sato, Yuto Hatano, Atsumu Hashimoto, Takanori Miyazaki, Tomomasa Kondo, Yu Kinoshita, Norihiro Saito, Hiroyasu Kamiyama, Sadahisa Tokuda, Kyousuke Kamada, Rokuya Tanikawa
OBJECTS: Surgical or endovascular treatment for giant or complex aneurysms is challenging. To evaluate clinical outcomes and factors affecting the prognosis of giant or complex aneurysms, and to better establish the role of microsurgery in the management strategy. METHODS: One hundred fifty-nine patients with surgically treated complex aneurysms were included. Thirty-two (20.1%) patients had giant aneurysms (≥25 mm); 57 (35.8%) had large aneurysms (≥15 mm). Poor outcome was defined as modified Rankin scale scores 3-6...
April 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651620/mental-health-problems-and-their-association-to-violence-and-maltreatment-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-tanzanian-secondary-school-students
#10
Mabula Nkuba, Katharin Hermenau, Katharina Goessmann, Tobias Hecker
PURPOSE: Little is known about the prevalence of mental health problems among adolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa. Research consistently determined violence and maltreatment to be important risk factors. In this study, we examined the prevalence of mental health problems among adolescents in Tanzania, as well as the association with exposure to violence and maltreatment. METHODS: We administered a set of questionnaires (e.g., strength and difficulties questionnaire; conflict tactic scale) to a nationally representative sample of 700 Tanzanian secondary school children (52% girls; age 14...
April 12, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651211/study-of-the-effect-of-bisphenol-a-on-oxidative-stress-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#11
Fateheya M Metwally, Hend Rashad, Hala M Zeidan, Ayman Kilany, Ehab R Abdol Raouf
The role of bisphenol A (BPA) in autism was investigated in 49 children (mean age = 5.950 ± 1.911 years) with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and 40 comparable age and sex matched children used as controls (mean age = 5.333 ± 2.279 years). In addition, 8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) was also studied as a biomarker of oxidative stress in the same set of two selected groups. The results showed that both BPA and 8-oxodG were significantly higher in children with autism than those of control children ( p values = 0...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649516/-mom-quit-fat-talking-i-m-trying-to-eat-mindfully-here-evaluating-a-sociocultural-model-of-family-fat-talk-positive-body-image-and-mindful-eating-in-college-women
#12
Jennifer B Webb, Courtney B Rogers, Lena Etzel, Meagan P Padro
A growing evidence base confirms sociocultural theory's predictions regarding the influence of direct exposure to family factors (e.g., parental commentary) in promoting disordered eating behavior as mediated by negative body image. Nevertheless, this model has not been specifically applied to investigating indirect or vicarious exposure to family communications (e.g., negative body talk) in estimating mindful eating behavior via positive body image intervening variables. Therefore, to address this gap the present study provided a preliminary evaluation of the indirect effects of overhearing family fat talk through both body appreciation and functional body appreciation in predicting mindful eating among undergraduate females...
April 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643964/more-stapler-firings-increase-the-risk-of-perioperative-morbidity-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#13
Piotr Major, Michał Wysocki, Michał Pędziwiatr, Magdalena Pisarska, Piotr Małczak, Mateusz Wierdak, Marcin Dembiński, Marcin Migaczewski, Mateusz Rubinkiewicz, Andrzej Budzyński
Introduction: Staple-line bleeding and leakage are the most common serious complications of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The relationship between multiple stapler firings and higher risk of postoperative complications is well defined in colorectal surgery but has not been addressed in bariatric procedures so far. Identification of new factors such as "the numbers of stapler firings used during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)" as a predictor for complications can lead to optimization of the patient care at bariatric centers...
March 2018: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642574/an-organic-solvent-tolerant-lipase-with-both-hydrolytic-and-synthetic-activities-from-the-oleaginous-fungus-mortierella-echinosphaera
#14
Alexandra Kotogán, Carolina Zambrano, Anita Kecskeméti, Mónika Varga, András Szekeres, Tamás Papp, Csaba Vágvölgyi, Miklós Takó
Lipase enzymes of the oleaginous fungal group Mortierella are rarely studied. However, considering that most commercial lipases are derived from filamentous fungal sources, their investigation can contribute to the cost-effective development of new biotechnological processes. Here, an extracellular lipase with a molecular mass of 30 kDa was isolated from Mortierella echinosphaera CBS 575.75 and characterized. The purified lipase exhibited an optimal p -nitrophenyl palmitate ( p NPP)-hydrolyzing activity at 25 °C and pH 6...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629058/effect-of-propofol-and-isoflurane-on-gas-exchange-parameters-following-one-lung-ventilation-in-thoracic-surgery-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Shima Sheybani, Alireza Sharifian Attar, Sogol Golshan, Shadi Sheibani, Majid Rajabian
Background: The use of anesthetic drugs with minimal inhibitory effects on the hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) could have a decisive role in preventing the hypoxemia during one-lung ventilation (OLV). Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of propofol and isoflurane on the changes in gas exchange parameters following OLV in thoracic surgery. Methods: This double-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on patients who were candidates for elective right thoracotomy referred to the central operating room of Ghaem Hospital in Mashhad, Iran, during February 2016-2017...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627948/efficacy-of-utilizing-argon-plasma-coagulation-for-weight-regain-in-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-patients-a-multi-center-study
#16
Rena C Moon, Andre F Teixeira, Manoel Galvao Neto, Natan Zundel, Bruno Queiroz Sander, Flavio Mitidieri Ramos, Felipe Matz, Giorgio A Baretta, Luiz Gustavo de Quadros, Eduardo Grecco, Thiago Souza, Sergio A Barrichello, Admar Concon Filho, Eduardo Nobuyuki Usuy, Artagnan Menezes Barbosa de Amorim, Muhammad A Jawad
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic approaches exist for targeting weight regain after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), including endoscopic suturing, clipping, and sclerotherapy. Argon plasma coagulation (APC) is a noncontact electrocoagulation method, and when used in RYGB patients, it has shown reduction in the diameter of the gastrojejunal anastomosis. OBJECTIVES: To study the effectiveness of APC for weight regain in terms of weight loss for RYGB patients, from eight bariatric centers...
April 8, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625809/prograd-an-observational-study-of-the-prognosis-of-inpatients-evaluated-for-palliative-radiotherapy
#17
Andre Tsin Chih Chen, Geovanne Pedro Mauro, Flavia Gabrielli, Cristiane de Lacerda Gonçalves Chaves, Igor Castro, Karina Moutinho Vasconcelos, Milena Reis, Thalita Saraiva, Heloisa Andrade de Carvalho
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Low-and-middle-income countries have resource constraints and waiting lists for radiotherapy (RT). In this context, we sought to determine the survival of inpatients evaluated for palliative RT in a large referral cancer center in Brazil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From November 2014 through December 2015, we enrolled 333 inpatients with palliative RT evaluation requests in this prospective observational study. We applied Palliative Prognostic Index (PPI) and Survival Prediction Score using Number of Risk Factors (NRF)...
April 3, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625534/burden-of-illness-of-chemotherapy-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-patients-in-japan-a-retrospective-database-analysis
#18
Joerg Mahlich, Akiko Tsubota, Keiichiro Imanaka, Kentaro Enjo
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the burden of chemotherapy for castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) in Japan. METHODS: Utilizing a large administrative hospital data base we compared a set of outcome measures twelve months before and after initiation of chemotherapy, namely total medical costs, number of outpatient visits, number of hospital admissions, and number of days spent in hospital. RESULTS: A total of 598 CRPC patients were identified in the database...
April 6, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625362/epilepsy-related-concerns-among-patients-with-epilepsy-in-west-china
#19
Jiani Chen, Qian Li, Xin Tong, Minglian Su, Chiyi Wang, Dong Zhou
PURPOSE: In the present study, we aimed to investigate patient-derived epilepsy-related concerns among Chinese individuals with epilepsy and the impact of seizure control on patient concerns. METHODS: All adult patients with epilepsy who had visited the outpatient clinic at West China Hospital between July 2014 and June 2016 were invited to participate in the study. All patients were given a blank sheet of paper and asked to list any concerns they had regarding their disease in order of importance...
April 3, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619608/interleukin-15-concentrations-in-follicular-fluid-and-their-effect-on-oocyte-maturation-in-subfertile-women-undergoing-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection
#20
S Spanou, D Kalogiannis, E Zapanti, M Gazouli, I A Sfontouris, C Siristatidis, George Mastorakos
PURPOSE: To calculate the concentrations of interleukin 15 (IL-15) in follicular fluid (FF) and evaluate their relation with oocyte maturation, follicle size, and patients' body mass index (BMI) and age. METHODS: Follicular fluid specimens were obtained from 56 subfertile women undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) during oocyte retrieval for measurement of IL-15 concentrations with ELISA. Wilcoxon's test and Pearson's correlation coefficient were used to correlate FF concentrations of IL-15 with follicular size and stage of oocyte maturation, along with patients' BMI and age...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
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