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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471017/moderate-effects-of-noninvasive-brain-stimulation-of-the-frontal-cortex-for-improving-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-meta-analysis-of-controlled-trials
#1
REVIEW
André Aleman, Stefanie Enriquez-Geppert, Henderikus Knegtering, Jozarni J Dlabac-de Lange
BACKGROUND: Negative symptoms in schizophrenia concern a clinically relevant reduction of goal-directed behavior that strongly and negatively impacts daily functioning. Existing treatments are of marginal effect and novel approaches are needed. Noninvasive neurostimulation by means of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) are novel approaches that may hold promise. OBJECTIVES: To provide a quantitative integration of the published evidence regarding effects of rTMS and tDCS over the frontal cortex on negative symptoms, including an analysis of effects of sham stimulation...
February 19, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470797/body-mass-index-is-independently-associated-with-xanthine-oxidase-activity-in-overweight-obese-population
#2
Aleksandra Klisic, Gordana Kocic, Nebojsa Kavaric, Milovan Jovanovic, Verica Stanisic, Ana Ninic
PURPOSE: The pathophysiological mechanism of the relationship between xanthine oxidase (XO) activity and obesity has not been completely elucidated. Since inflammation and oxidative stress are regarded as key determinants of enlarged adipose tissue, we aimed to investigate the association between oxidative stress (as measured with XO activity), inflammation [as measured with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)] and obesity [as measured with body mass index (BMI)]. In addition, we wanted to examine whether hsCRP itself plays an independent role in XO activity increase or it is only mediated through obesity...
February 22, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470232/intraoperative-extracorporeal-irradiation-and-frozen-treatment-on-tumor-bearing-autografts-show-equivalent-outcomes-for-biologic-reconstruction
#3
Po-Kuei Wu, Cheng-Fong Chen, Chao-Ming Chen, Yu-Chi Cheng, Shang-Wen Tsai, Tain-Hsiung Chen, Wei-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: Immediately recycling the resected bone segment in a biologic limb salvage reconstruction is an option after wide resection of bone. Intraoperative extracorporeal irradiation and freezing are the two major tumor-killing techniques applied on the fresh tumor-bearing autografts. However, graft-derived tumor recurrence and complications are concerns affecting graft survival. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore asked: (1) Is there a difference in the proportion of patients achieving union by 18 months after surgery between the groups with extracorporeal-irradiated autografts and frozen-treated autografts? (2) Is there any difference in the frequency of graft-related complications for patients receiving either an extracorporeal-irradiated or a frozen-treated autograft? (3) Is there a difference between the techniques in terms of graft-derived recurrence? (4) Are there differences in failure-free grafts, and limb and overall survivorship between autografts treated by extracorporeal irradiation or by freezing? METHODS: During the study period we treated a total of 333 patients with high-grade osteosarcoma...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468389/the-333-integrated-strategy-for-effective-pollution-control-and-its-application-to-the-heavily-polluted-jialu-river-in-north-china
#4
Yu Huang, Jie Sun, Aimin Li, Xianchuan Xie
In this study, an integrated approach named the '333' strategy was applied to pollution control in the Jialu River, in northern China, which is heavily burdened with anthropogenic pollution. Due to a deficiency of the natural ecological inflow, the Jialu River receives predominantly industrial and municipal effluent. The '333' strategy is composed of three steps of pollution control including industrial point-source pollution control, advanced treatment of municipal wastewater, and ecological restoration; three increased stringency emission standards; and three stages of reclamation...
February 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468012/the-use-of-nutritional-guidance-within-chiropractic-patient-management-a-survey-of-333-chiropractors-from-the-acorn-practice-based-research-network
#5
Mi Kyung Lee, Lyndon Amorin-Woods, Vincenzo Cascioli, Jon Adams
Background: Food consumption and nutritional status affect an individual's health throughout their life-course and an unhealthy diet is a major risk factor for the current global burden of chronic disease. The promotion of health and good nutrition through healthy eating requires the active involvement of all health professionals including chiropractors. This paper reports findings from the first nationally representative examination of the use of nutritional guidance within chiropractic patient management in Australia...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466827/psychometric-analysis-of-the-pediatric-quality-of-life-inventory-3-0-neuromuscular-module-administered-to-patients-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-a-rasch-analysis
#6
Erik Landfeldt, Anna Mayhew, Volker Straub, Hanns Lochmüller, Katharine Bushby, Peter Lindgren
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to assess the psychometric properties of the English (UK and US) version of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 3.0 Neuromuscular Module (PedsQL NMM) administered to patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). METHODS: Patients with DMD from the UK and the US completed the PedsQL NMM online. The psychometric properties of the instrument were examined using Rasch analysis. RESULTS: A total of 278 patients completed the PedsQL NMM...
February 21, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466492/urbanization-is-associated-with-increased-trends-in-cardiovascular-mortality-among-indigenous-populations-the-pai-study
#7
Anderson da Costa Armstrong, Ana Marice Teixeira Ladeia, Juracy Marques, Dinani Matoso Fialho de Oliveira Armstrong, Antonio Marconi Leandro da Silva, Jeová Cordeiro de Morais Junior, Aldina Barral, Luis Claudio Lemos Correia, Manoel Barral-Netto, João A C Lima
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular risk burden among diverse indigenous populations is not totally known and may be influenced by lifestyle changes related to the urbanization process. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cardiovascular (CV) mortality profile of indigenous populations during a rapid urbanization process largely influenced by governmental infrastructure interventions in Northeast Brazil. METHODS: We assessed the mortality of indigenous populations (≥ 30 y/o) from 2007 to 2011 in Northeast Brazil (Bahia and Pernambuco states)...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461541/-the-use-of-scientific-journals-and-professional-periodicals-by-dutch-dental-students
#8
P Panahi Moghaddam, W G Brands, H S Brand
In the present study, the extent to which dental students in Amsterdam, Groningen and Nijmegen consult scientific journals and professional periodicals was explored by means of a digital questionnaire. 333 dental students (20% response rate) participated in this study, 69% of whom had experience in conducting scientific research. 65% of the students had a subscription to a dental journal. Of the Dutch-language dental journals, the 'Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Tandheelkunde' [Netherlands Journal for Dentistry] and the 'Nederlands Tandartsenblad' [Dutch Dentists' Journal] are frequently consulted journals...
February 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461516/a-database-of-chlorophyll-a-in-australian-waters
#9
Claire H Davies, Penelope Ajani, Linda Armbrecht, Natalia Atkins, Mark E Baird, Jason Beard, Pru Bonham, Michele Burford, Lesley Clementson, Peter Coad, Christine Crawford, Jocelyn Dela-Cruz, Martina A Doblin, Steven Edgar, Ruth Eriksen, Jason D Everett, Miles Furnas, Daniel P Harrison, Christel Hassler, Natasha Henschke, Xavier Hoenner, Tim Ingleton, Ian Jameson, John Keesing, Sophie C Leterme, M James McLaughlin, Margaret Miller, David Moffatt, Andrew Moss, Sasi Nayar, Nicole L Patten, Renee Patten, Sarah A Pausina, Roger Proctor, Eric Raes, Malcolm Robb, Peter Rothlisberg, Emily A Saeck, Peter Scanes, Iain M Suthers, Kerrie M Swadling, Samantha Talbot, Peter Thompson, Paul G Thomson, Julian Uribe-Palomino, Paul van Ruth, Anya M Waite, Simon Wright, Anthony J Richardson
Chlorophyll a is the most commonly used indicator of phytoplankton biomass in the marine environment. It is relatively simple and cost effective to measure when compared to phytoplankton abundance and is thus routinely included in many surveys. Here we collate 173, 333 records of chlorophyll a collected since 1965 from Australian waters gathered from researchers on regular coastal monitoring surveys and ocean voyages into a single repository. This dataset includes the chlorophyll a values as measured from samples analysed using spectrophotometry, fluorometry and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
February 20, 2018: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461450/utility-of-the-performance-of-lumbar-puncture-for-febrile-children-with-status-epilepticus-in-the-bacterial-conjugate-vaccine-era
#10
Haro Kaoru, Ryota Igarashi, Takayuki Hoshina, Masumi Kojiro, Koichi Kusuhara
BACKGROUND: The necessity of lumbar puncture for the differentiation of central nervous system (CNS) infection in children with febrile status epilepticus (FSE) remains controversial. The aim of the present study is to investigate the diagnostic necessity of lumbar puncture for children with FSE after the introduction of bacterial conjugate vaccines into the infant immunization program. METHODS: Our retrospective cohort study was performed in children aged 6 to 60 months who were admitted to the pediatric ward at Kitakyushu General Hospital from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2015 for seizures with fever...
February 15, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461162/an-online-survey-of-small-animal-veterinarians-regarding-current-fluid-therapy-practices-in-dogs-and-cats
#11
Kate Hopper, Alejandro Garcia Rojas, Linda Barter
OBJECTIVE To determine common fluid therapy practices of small animal practitioners and identify fluid therapy-related knowledge gaps that may benefit from improved educational efforts, targeted research, or both. DESIGN Online survey. SAMPLE 1,496 small animal veterinarians PROCEDURES An online survey was provided to members of the Veterinary Information Network between December 23, 2013, and January 30, 2014. The survey consisted of 24 questions investigating the administration of crystalloid and synthetic colloid solutions, but not blood products, and focused primarily on the choice of fluid type, frequency of administration, type of patient treated with fluids, treatment with fluids subcutaneously versus IV, and potassium supplementation of fluids...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460080/heterogeneity-of-gestational-diabetes-gdm-and-long-term-risk-of-diabetes-and-metabolic-syndrome-findings-from-the-radiel-study-follow-up
#12
Emilia Huvinen, Johan G Eriksson, Saila B Koivusalo, Nora Grotenfelt, Aila Tiitinen, Beata Stach-Lempinen, Kristiina Rönö
AIMS: To assess the metabolic health of obese and non-obese women at high GDM risk 5 years postpartum. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the 5-year follow-up of the RADIEL GDM prevention study including 333 women at high GDM risk (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 and/or previous GDM). Five years postpartum metabolic health was assessed including anthropometric measurements, oral glucose tolerance test, lipid metabolism, and body composition as well as medical history questionnaires...
February 19, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459355/mobile-phone-ownership-is-not-a-serious-barrier-to-participation-in-studies-descriptive-study
#13
Emily J Harvey, Leslie F Rubin, Sabrina L Smiley, Yitong Zhou, Hoda Elmasry, Jennifer L Pearson
BACKGROUND: Rather than providing participants with study-specific data collection devices, their personal mobile phones are increasingly being used as a means for collecting geolocation and ecological momentary assessment (EMA) data in public health research. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to (1) describe the sociodemographic characteristics of respondents to an online survey screener assessing eligibility to participate in a mixed methods study collecting geolocation and EMA data via the participants' personal mobile phones, and (2) examine how eligibility criteria requiring mobile phone ownership and an unlimited text messaging plan affected participant inclusion...
February 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457360/neglected-areas-on-thorax-computed-tomography-evaluation-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-paravertebral-muscles-and-para-aortic-adipose-tissue
#14
Mustafa Resorlu, Ozan Karatag, Canan A Toprak, Muhsin O Ozturk
INTRODUCTION: This study, investigated the para-aortic adipose tissue cross-sectional area, a novel predictor of cardiovascular diseases and degenerative changes in the paravertebral muscles, in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHOD: One hundred cases diagnosed as COPD and 50 healthy individuals with similar demographic characteristics were evaluated. Para-aortic adipose tissue cross-sectional area (mm2 ), subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness (mm), paravertebral muscle area (mm2 ) and fat deposition in muscle tissue were assessed radiologically...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457157/visible-light-curing-devices-irradiance-and-use-in-302-german-dental-offices
#15
Claus-Peter Ernst, Richard B Price, Angelika Callaway, Alissa Masek, Hendrik Schwarm, Inga Rullmann, Brita Willershausen, Vicky Ehlers
PURPOSE: To determine the irradiance delivered by visible-light curing (VLC) units and obtain information about the exposure times and the maintenance protocols used by dentists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The irradiance (mW/cm2) delivered by 526 VLCs from 302 dental offices from the Rhine- Main area, Germany, was measured using an integrating sphere (IS) and a MARC patient simulator (M-PS); additional information was gathered using a survey. RESULTS: Irradiance was measured from 117 standard quartz-tungsten-halogen (QTH), 5 high-power QTH, 2 LED 1stgeneration, 333 LED 2nd-generation, 61 LED 3rd-generation, and 8 plasma-arc curing (PAC) units...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456132/csf-lamp2-concentrations-are-decreased-in-female-parkinson-s-disease-patients-with-lrrk2-mutations
#16
Andrea C Klaver, Mary P Coffey, Jan O Aasly, David A Loeffler
Lysosome-associated membrane glycoprotein 2 (lamp2) plays critical roles in chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) and macroautophagy. Its isoform lamp2a is decreased in Parkinson's disease (PD) substantia nigra. Mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene are the most known common cause of late-onset PD; although LRRK2 is thought to regulate macroautophagy, the influence of LRRK2 mutations on lamp2 concentrations in the CNS is unknown. To examine this issue we compared lamp2 levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) between sporadic PD (sPD) patients (n = 31), LRRK2 PD patients (n = 20), and healthy control subjects with or without LRRK2 mutations (LRRK2 CTL = 30, CTL = 27)...
March 15, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455518/surface-adatom-mediated-structural-transformation-in-bromoarene-monolayers-precursor-phases-in-surface-ullmann-reaction
#17
Qitang Fan, Liming Liu, Jingya Dai, Tao Wang, Huanxin Ju, Jin Zhao, Julian Kuttner, Gerhard Hilt, J Michael Gottfried, Junfa Zhu
Structural transformations of supramolecular systems triggered by external stimuli maintain great potential for application in the fabrication of molecular storage devices. Using combined ultrahigh vacuum scanning tunneling microscopy (UHV-STM), X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS), and density functional theory (DFT) calculation, we unambiguously observed the surface adatom mediated structural transformation from 4,4''-dibromo-m-terphenyl (DMTP)-based halogen-bonded networks to DMTP-Cu(Ag) coordination networks on Cu(111) and Ag(111) at low temperatures...
February 19, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454816/optimization-of-granular-waste-production-based-on-mechanical-properties
#18
Ali Ghasemi, Reza Amiri Chayjan, Hossein Jahanian Najafabadi
Pellet production of food and agricultural wastes is a suitable method to supply livestock feed. Mechanical properties of pellets play an important role in their handling and transportation. In this study, the mechanical properties of pellets made from waste are investigated. After the pelleting process, the pellets were dried with a laboratory convective hot air dryer until reaching a safe moisture content. The effects of feedstock moisture content (0.54, 0.88, and 1.2 kgw kgDM -1 ), particle size (PS < 0...
February 14, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443835/venous-thromboembolism-incidence-after-craniofacial-surgery
#19
Wilson I Omesiete, James A Walker, Jack C Yu
INTRODUCTION: Current protocols for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis after craniofacial surgery (CFS) vary widely with substantial disagreements in both indications and managements. An evidence-based approach to this issue requires the following: the incidence of postoperative VTE, comorbidities associated with coagulopathy, risk reduction after VTE prophylaxis, and complications attributable to prophylaxis. This study addresses the first two. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study...
February 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443524/encapsulation-of-ionic-liquids-with-an-aprotic-heterocyclic-anion-aha-il-for-co-2-capture-preserving-the-favorable-thermodynamics-and-enhancing-the-kinetics-of-absorption
#20
Cristian Moya, Noelia Alonso-Morales, Juan de Riva, Oscar Morales-Collazo, Joan Frances Brennecke, José Palomar
The performance in CO2 capture of an ionic liquid with an aprotic heterocyclic anion (AHA-IL), trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium 2-cyanopyrrolide ([P66614][2-CNPyr]), has been evaluated considering both the thermodynamics and the kinetics of the phenomena. Absorption gravimetric measurements of the gas-liquid equilibrium isotherms of CO2 - AHA-IL systems were carried out from 298K to 333 K and pressures to 15 bar, analyzing the role of both chemical and physical absorption on the overall CO2 solubility in the AHA-IL, as has been done previously...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
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