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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821250/longitudinal-predictive-validity-of-emotional-intelligence-on-first-year-medical-students-perceived-stress
#1
Richa Gupta, Nikhilesh Singh, Ramya Kumar
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence has been shown to affect academic performance and perceived stress. But conflicting reports suggest that the relationship between academic performance and emotional intelligence may not be straightforward. Hence, this study explored the relationship between emotional intelligence, perceived stress and academic performance. METHODS: First year medical students were invited to participate in this longitudinal study. At Time 1, before mid-semester examinations, they completed the questionnaires on Schutte's Emotional Intelligence Scale (SEIS) and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) (n = 213)...
August 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818584/-neonatal-intoxication-to-vitamin-d-in-premature-babies-a-series-of-16%C3%A2-cases
#2
M Vierge, S Laborie, A Bertholet-Thomas, M-C Carlier, J-C Picaud, O Claris, J Bacchetta
INTRODUCTION: Preterm neonates are particularly at risk of vitamin D (25-D) deficiency. To prevent rickets and osteopenia in this population, international guidelines vary between 800 and 1000IU per day of vitamin D in Europe and recommend 400IU per day in the USA. Target levels of circulating 25-D are not well identified, with the lower target level 50-75nmol/L and the upper target level probably 120nmol/L. METHODS: Between 2013 and 2015, 16 premature infants (born<35WG) were referred to pediatric nephrology clinics because of symptoms secondary to 25-D overdose during the neonatal period...
August 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818200/relationship-of-alcohol-consumption-to-all-cause-cardiovascular-and-cancer-related-mortality-in-u-s-adults
#3
Bo Xi, Sreenivas P Veeranki, Min Zhao, Chuanwei Ma, Yinkun Yan, Jie Mi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have revealed inconsistent findings regarding the association of light to moderate alcohol consumption with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer mortality. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the association between alcohol consumption and risk of mortality from all causes, cancer, and CVD in U.S. adults. METHODS: Data were obtained by linking 13 waves of the National Health Interview Surveys (1997 to 2009) to the National Death Index records through December 31, 2011...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814267/sex-and-tissue-specific-gene-expression-patterns-identified-following-de-novo-transcriptomic-analysis-of-the-norway-lobster-nephrops-norvegicus
#4
Guiomar Rotllant, Tuan Viet Nguyen, Valerio Sbragaglia, Lifat Rahi, Kevin J Dudley, David Hurwood, Tomer Ventura, Joan B Company, Vincent Chand, Jacopo Aguzzi, Peter B Mather
BACKGROUND: The Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus, is economically important in European fisheries and is a key organism in local marine ecosystems. Despite multi-faceted scientific interest in this species, our current knowledge of genetic resources in this species remains very limited. Here, we generated a reference de novo transcriptome for N. norvegicus from multiple tissues in both sexes. Bioinformatic analyses were conducted to detect transcripts that were expressed exclusively in either males or females...
August 16, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813562/polygenic-scores-for-major-depressive-disorder-and-risk-of-alcohol-dependence
#5
Allan M Andersen, Robert H Pietrzak, Henry R Kranzler, Li Ma, Hang Zhou, Xiaoming Liu, John Kramer, Samuel Kuperman, Howard J Edenberg, John I Nurnberger, John P Rice, Jay A Tischfield, Alison Goate, Tatiana M Foroud, Jacquelyn L Meyers, Bernice Porjesz, Danielle M Dick, Victor Hesselbrock, Eric Boerwinkle, Steven M Southwick, John H Krystal, Myrna M Weissman, Douglas F Levinson, James B Potash, Joel Gelernter, Shizhong Han
Importance: Major depressive disorder (MDD) and alcohol dependence (AD) are heritable disorders with significant public health burdens, and they are frequently comorbid. Common genetic factors that influence the co-occurrence of MDD and AD have been sought in family, twin, and adoption studies, and results to date have been promising but inconclusive. Objective: To examine whether AD and MDD overlap genetically, using a polygenic score approach. Design, Settings, and Participants: Association analyses were conducted between MDD polygenic risk score (PRS) and AD case-control status in European ancestry samples from 4 independent genome-wide association study (GWAS) data sets: the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA); the Study of Addiction, Genetics, and Environment (SAGE); the Yale-Penn genetic study of substance dependence; and the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS)...
August 16, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810124/ferroelectric-phase-transition-induced-a-large-fmr-tuning-in-self-assembled-batio3-y3fe5o12-multiferroic-composites
#6
Guohua Dong, Ziyao Zhou, Xu Xue, Yijun Zhang, Bin Peng, Mengmeng Guan, Shishun Zhao, Zhongqiang Hu, Wei Ren, Zuo-Guang Ye, Ming Liu
Yttrium iron garnet (YIG) is of great importance in RF/microwave devices for its low loss, low intrinsic damping and high permeability. Nevertheless, tuning of YIG based multiferroics is still a challenge due to its near zero magnetostriction and the difficulty of building epitaxial interface between ferromagnetic garnet and ferroelectric perovskite phases. In this work, the vertical aligned heterostructure of YIG:BTO/STO(001) with local epitaxial interface between BTO and YIG is well-constructed, where the single crystal BTO pillars are embedded in YIG matrix...
August 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807739/community-based-participatory-research-to-design-a-faith-enhanced-diabetes-prevention-program-the-better-me-within-randomized-trial
#7
Heather Kitzman, Leilani Dodgen, Abdullah Mamun, J Lee Slater, George King, Donna Slater, Alene King, Surendra Mandapati, Mark DeHaven
Reducing obesity positively impacts diabetes and cardiovascular risk; however, evidence-based lifestyle programs, such as the diabetes prevention program (DPP), show reduced effectiveness in African American (AA) women. In addition to an attenuated response to lifestyle programs, AA women also demonstrate high rates of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. To address these disparities, enhancements to evidence-based lifestyle programs for AA women need to be developed and evaluated with culturally relevant and rigorous study designs...
August 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807345/ampk-expression-patterns-are-significantly-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-breast-cancer-patients
#8
Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Kaltoom Al-Sakkaf, Imtiaz Ahmad Qureshi, Nadeem Shafique Butt, Lila Damnhory, Mohamed Elshal, Basim Al-Maghrabi, Alia Aldahlawi, Sawsan Ashoor, Barry Brown, Pauline Dobson, Mohamad Nidal Khabaz
Many investigators have examined the functions of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in cancer biology and its anti-neoplastic features in cancer models. The goal of this research is to assess the association of the immunohistochemical expression of AMPK in human mammary tumours with the clinical data of breast cancer patients. 449 cases of previously diagnosed breast cancer, and 27 tissue samples of fibroadenomas and normal breast were utilized for detection of AMPK expression using tissue microarrays and immunohistochemistry...
August 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805463/oxygen-uptake-at-aerobic-threshold-is-inversely-associated-with-fatal-cardiovascular-and-all-cause-mortality-events
#9
Setor K Kunutsor, Sudhir Kurl, Hassan Khan, Francesco Zaccardi, Rainer Rauramaa, Jari A Laukkanen
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the associations of oxygen uptake at aerobic threshold (VO2 at AT) with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. DESIGN: VO2 at AT was assessed in 1,663 middle-aged men in a cohort study. Hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated for sudden cardiac death (SCD), fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 25.6 years, 138 SCDs, 209 fatal CHDs, 333 fatal CVDs, and 719 all-cause mortality events occurred...
August 14, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803251/epidemiological-study-of-huntington-s-disease-in-the-province-of-ferrara-italy
#10
Erika Carrassi, Maura Pugliatti, Vittorio Govoni, Mariachiara Sensi, Ilaria Casetta, Enrico Granieri
BACKGROUND: Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by the abnormal expansion of CAG triplet repeat. We aimed to reappraise HD epidemiology in a northern Italian population, in relation to introduction of genetic testing. METHODS: Through ICD-9M code 333.4 and medical fare exemption code RF0080, HD cases were identified from administrative health data and medical records from the Units of Neurology and Genetics, Ferrara University Hospital, and from other provincial neurological structures...
August 12, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801922/prophylaxis-with-enoxaparin-for-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism-after-lung-transplantation-a-retrospective-study
#11
Berta Sáez-Giménez, Cristina Berastegui, Helena Sintes, Javier Perez, Ana Figueredo, Manuel López Meseguer, Víctor Monforte, Carlos Bravo, Amparo Santamaría, Maria Antonia Ramon, Susana Gómez, Antonio Roman
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a frequent complication after solid organ transplantation (SOT) and, specifically, after lung transplantation (LT). The objectives of this study were to evaluate prophylaxis with enoxaparin and to describe risk factors for VTE after LT. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 333 patients who underwent LT in our institution between 2009 and 2014. We compared 2 consecutive cohorts, one that received enoxaparin only during post-transplant hospital admissions and a second cohort that received 90-day extended prophylaxis with enoxaparin...
August 12, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799599/thermal-dependence-of-nanofluidic-energy-conversion-by-reverse-electrodialysis
#12
Junho Hwang, Tatsuki Sekimoto, Wei-Lun Hsu, Sho Kataoka, Akira Endo, Hirofumi Daiguji
The thermal dependence of salinity-gradient-driven energy conversion by reverse electrodialysis using a mesoporous silica thin film with pores ca. 2-3 nm in diameter was studied in a temperature range of 293-333 K. As the temperature increases, the surface charge density of mesopores increases owing to an increase in the zeta potential of the pore walls, which in turn increases the concentration of counter-ions in the electrical double layer. The ion mobility also increases with increasing temperature owing to a decrease in the liquid viscosity...
August 11, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797920/prefrontal-activation-during-a-working-memory-task-differs-between-patients-with-unipolar-and-bipolar-depression-a-preliminary-exploratory-study
#13
Yue Zhu, Wenxiang Quan, Huali Wang, Yantao Ma, Jun Yan, Hua Zhang, Wentian Dong, Xin Yu
BACKGROUND: To identify bipolar disorder during the initial stages of a depressive episode has always been a great clinical challenge. Patterns of functional brain activity may underlie the differences in the neural mechanisms of bipolar depression (BD) and unipolar depression (UD). This study aimed to investigate the differences in neural activity between BD and UD patients during executive task. METHODS: We performed a 52-channel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) scan in 39 patients with BD, 35 patients with UD, and 36 healthy controls (HCs)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797918/oral-tranexamic-acid-can-reduce-blood-loss-after-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Guang-Lei Li, Yong-Mei Li
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy and safety of oral tranexamic acid (TXA) with controls or intravenous TXA in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We systematically searched randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web of Science and Google databases. Any studies comparing oral TXA versus a control group or intravenous TXA for patients prepared for TJA were included...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795493/-molecularly-imprinted-chromatography-fails-to-distinguish-homeopatic-remedy-from-placebo
#15
Roman Kaliszan, Małgorzata Waszczuk-Jankowska, Danuta Siluk, Bartosz Wielgomas
It was sensation when Dr. J. Beneviste reported alleged experimental biological evidence of the water memory effect (E. Dayenas et al. Nature 333, 816-818, 1988; https://doi.org/10.1038/333816a0). These experiments have never been reproduced in controlled conditions, however. Instead, the hypothesis that water can be imprinted with the memory of past solutes was ruled out (J. Maddox et al. Nature 334, 287-290, 1988; https://doi.org/10.1038/334287a0). At present, so-called "molecular imprinting" is a technology of preparing polymer matrices as affinity-based analyte separation media (J...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794623/perception-of-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-comparison-of-patients-and-physicians-views-in-the-copd-mirror-study
#16
Bartolome Celli, Francesco Blasi, Mina Gaga, Dave Singh, Claus Vogelmeier, Valeria Pegoraro, Nicoletta Caputo, Alvar Agusti
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare potential differences between the perception that COPD patients have of their disease and the perception that physicians have of how the disease affects their patients. METHODS: Surveys in COPD patients and physicians caring for COPD patients were conducted in Spain, Italy, and Germany. Online questionnaires mirrored to explore the same domains, were administered to patients and physicians. Physicians were asked to respond to the questionnaire taking a recently seen patient who represents the majority of COPD patients usually managed, as a reference...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792415/early-development-and-life-cycle-of-contracaecum-multipapillatum-s-l-from-a-brown-pelican-pelecanus-occidentalis-in-the-gulf-of-california-mexico
#17
Isabel Valles-Vega, Dolores Molina-Fernández, Rocío Benítez, Sergio Hernández-Trujillo, Francisco Javier Adroher
The initial developmental stages of Contracaecum multipapillatum (von Drasche, 1882) Lucker, 1941 sensu lato were studied using eggs obtained from the uteri of female nematodes (genetically identified) found in a brown pelican Pelecanus occidentalis from Bahía de La Paz (Gulf of California, Mexico). Optical microscopy revealed a smooth or slightly rough surface to the eggs. Egg dimensions were approximately 53 × 43 µm, although after the larvae had developed inside, egg size increased to 66 × 55 µm. Hatching and survival of the larvae were greater at 15°C than at 24°C, and increased salinity resulted in a slight increase in hatching but seemed to reduce survival at 24°C, but not at 15°C...
August 9, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792148/reduced-cortical-thickness-in-the-temporal-pole-insula-and-pars-triangularis-in-patients-with-panic-disorder
#18
Eun Kyoung Kang, Kang Soo Lee, Sang Hyuk Lee
PURPOSE: Recent neuroimaging findings have revealed that paralimbic and prefrontal regions are involved in panic disorder (PD). However, no imaging studies have compared differences in cortical thickness between patients with PD and healthy control (HC) subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-seven right-handed patients with PD who met the diagnostic criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-4th edition-text revision, and 30 HC subjects were enrolled...
September 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791498/patient-reported-dyspnea-correlates-poorly-with-aerobic-exercise-capacity-measured-during-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing
#19
Dany Gaspard, Jonathan Kass, Stephen Akers, Krystal Hunter, Melvin Pratter
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported dyspnea plays a central role in assessing cardiopulmonary disease. There is little evidence, however, that dyspnea correlates with objective exercise capacity measurements. If the correlation is poor, dyspnea as a proxy for objective assessment may be misleading. OBJECTIVE: To compare patient's perception of dyspnea with maximum oxygen uptake (MaxVO2) during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). METHODS: Fifty patients undergoing CPET for dyspnea evaluation were studied prospectively...
August 8, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789848/wolbachia-infections-of-the-butterfly-eurema-mandarina-interfere-with-embryonic-development-of-the-sawfly-athalia-rosae
#20
Daisuke Kageyama, Chung-Hsiung Wang, Masatsugu Hatakeyama
Although maternally transmitted microorganisms such as Wolbachia are well known to have a variety of effects on the reproduction of diverse insect species, little is known about the underlying mechanisms of actions. Artificial transfer of Wolbachia between taxonomically distant host species may provide insights into Wolbachia-induced manipulations of hosts. Here we performed a cross-order transfer of feminizing Wolbachia derived from a butterfly, Eurema mandarina. The Wolbachia were propagated in the Eurema hecabe cell line, called NTU-YB, and then used to inject prepupal/pupal females of a Wolbachia-free hymenopteran sawfly, Athalia rosae...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
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