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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226349/what-do-we-know-about-coaching-in-medical-education-a-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Ben Lovell
CONTEXT: Coaching has been employed successfully in the competitive sports, professional music, and business and corporate worlds. It is now emerging as a training modality in medical education. OBJECTIVES: This paper reviews the current evidence on coaching strategies for doctors and medical students. METHODS: An applied literature search was conducted in PubMed, MEDLINE and Web of Science. Predetermined definitions of coaching interventions and their evaluations were used to narrow 993 papers down to 21, which were included in the final review...
December 11, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226230/new-paths-in-post-graduate-medical-training-in-general-practice-8-years-of-experience-with-the-pilot-project-verbundweiterbildungplus-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg
#2
Simon Schwill, Julia Magez, Stefanie Joos, Jost Steinhäuser, Thomas Ledig, Aline Rubik, Wilhelm Niebling, Joachim Szecsenyi, Elisabeth Flum
Background: In face of the looming shortage of general practitioners, primary healthcare providers and post-graduate training in general practice are increasingly becoming part of the political agenda in Germany. In 2009 the program "Verbundweiterbildung plus Baden-Württemberg" (VWB plus BW) was developed by the Competence Center for General Practice in Baden-Wuerttemberg to ensure primary healthcare in the future by enhancing the attractiveness of general medicine. This paper describes the experiences that have been gathered in developing a post-graduate training-program for physicians undergoing specialist training in general practice...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225667/interactive-k-means-clustering-method-based-on-user-behavior-for-different-analysis-target-in-medicine
#3
Yang Lei, Dai Yu, Zhang Bin, Yang Yang
Clustering algorithm as a basis of data analysis is widely used in analysis systems. However, as for the high dimensions of the data, the clustering algorithm may overlook the business relation between these dimensions especially in the medical fields. As a result, usually the clustering result may not meet the business goals of the users. Then, in the clustering process, if it can combine the knowledge of the users, that is, the doctor's knowledge or the analysis intent, the clustering result can be more satisfied...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225002/documentation-of-plant-drugs-dispensed-via-local-weekly-shanties-of-madurai-city-india
#4
Tagadur Sureshchandra Suma, Kaliamoorthy Ravikumar, Byadarahalli Srikantiah Somashekhar, Devendra Kumar Ved, Roohi Zaman, Gopalakrishnan Rajalakshmi, S N Venugopalan Nair, Subrahmanya Kumar Kukkupuni
BACKGROUND: The Valaiyār (Moopanar) communities of Tamil Nadu are traditionally known for catching rats and snakes from the agricultural fields. Prior to independence, some of these families have faced socio-economic changes and chosen to become herbalists in Madurai city. They are mainly engaged in collecting and dispensing fresh and dried plant drugs in its 'natural form' at Tiḷagar tīḍal market of Madurai city. Their business is unique, because customers receive 'prescriptions' and 'plant drugs', unlike the conventional dispensaries...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206009/hydrotherapy-and-medical-entrepreneurship-the-water-spell-of-ricardo-jorge
#5
Rui Manuel Pinto Costa
Between 1886 and 1893, the doctor and hygienist Ricardo Jorge was linked to a commercial and medical project on the waters of Gerês. Known for many centuries and used for therapeutic purposes, they were administered on an empirical basis. When new chemical analyses were first published, the empirical properties of these waters took on a new role in hydrotherapy based on their now proven mineral and medicinal qualities. The article discusses in detail Ricardo Jorge's business venture, framing it in the context of the economic collection and treatment potential of mineral waters and the revival of the phenomenon of hydrotherapy, legitimized by new developments in the chemical analysis of waters...
2017: Dynamis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170352/55%C3%A2-mini-sim-innovative-bite-sized-simulation-teaching-in-a-busy-children-s-emergency-department
#6
Rachel Sunley, Karen Moloney, Jessica Parker, Christopher Arrowsmith, Kirsty Brown, Alex Wilson
: Emergency Medicine requires a highly skilled workforce who are passionate about delivering excellent patient care. Shift patterns linked with the ever increasing numbers of patients who attend Emergency Departments puts strain on educating the workforce and fostering team togetherness.Our objective in devising and instigating the 'Mini Sim' programme was to embed regular in-situ simulation training to enhance the learning of all staff within our Emergency Department team, building a highly trained workforce to deliver excellent care within the remit of our busy department...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159602/competitive-advantage-of-mba-for-physician-executives-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Anthony D Turner, Stanislaw P Stawicki, Weidun Alan Guo
In response to systemic challenges facing the US healthcare system, many medical students, residents and practicing physicians are pursuing a Master in Business Administration (MBA) degree. The value of such proposition remains poorly defined. The aim of this review is to analyze current literature pertaining to the added value of MBA training for physician executives (PEs). We hypothesized that physicians who supplement their clinical expertise with business education gain a significant competitive advantage...
November 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150002/gene-editing-and-crispr-therapeutics-strategies-taught-by-cell-and-gene-therapy
#8
Juan C Ramirez
A few years ago, we assisted in the demonstration for the first time of the revolutionary idea of a type of adaptive-immune system in the bacteria kingdom. This system, named CRISPR, and variants engineered in the lab, have been demonstrated as functional with extremely high frequency and fidelity in almost all eukaryotic cells studied to date. The capabilities of this RNA-guided nuclease have added to the interest that was announced with the advent of previous technologies for genome editing tools, such as ZFN and TALEN...
2017: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136659/predicting-the-distributions-of-egypt-s-medicinal-plants-and-their-potential-shifts-under-future-climate-change
#9
Emad Kaky, Francis Gilbert
Climate change is one of the most difficult of challenges to conserving biodiversity, especially for countries with few data on the distributions of their taxa. Species distribution modelling is a modern approach to the assessment of the potential effects of climate change on biodiversity, with the great advantage of being robust to small amounts of data. Taking advantage of a recently validated dataset, we use the medicinal plants of Egypt to identify hotspots of diversity now and in the future by predicting the effect of climate change on the pattern of species richness using species distribution modelling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136649/discordance-between-actual-and-scheduled-check-in-times-at-a-heart-failure-clinic
#10
Eiran Z Gorodeski, Emer Joyce, Benjamin T Gandesbery, Eugene H Blackstone, David O Taylor, W H Wilson Tang, Randall C Starling, Rory Hachamovitch
INTRODUCTION: A 2015 Institute Of Medicine statement "Transforming Health Care Scheduling and Access: Getting to Now", has increased concerns regarding patient wait times. Although waiting times have been widely studied, little attention has been paid to the role of patient arrival times as a component of this phenomenon. To this end, we investigated patterns of patient arrival at scheduled ambulatory heart failure (HF) clinic appointments and studied its predictors. We hypothesized that patients are more likely to arrive later than scheduled, with progressively later arrivals later in the day...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125016/open-for-business-a-comparative-study-of-websites-selling-autologous-stem-cells-in-australia-and-japan
#11
Megan Munsie, Tamra Lysaght, Tereza Hendl, Hui-Yin Lynn Tan, Ian Kerridge, Cameron Stewart
AIM: This article examines online marketing practices of Japanese and Australian clinics offering putative autologous stem cell treatments. MATERIALS & METHODS: We conducted google searches for keywords related to stem cell therapy and stem cell clinics in English and Japanese. RESULTS: We identified websites promoting 88 point-of-sale clinics in Japan and 70 in Australia. CONCLUSION: Our findings provide further evidence of the rapid global growth in clinics offering unproven stem cell interventions...
November 10, 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119943/an-appraisal-on-various-methods-of-nano-particulate-formulations
#12
Bindu Dhiman, Divtrannum Bhalla, Anju Dhiman, Sapna Saini
Nanotechnology has gained a great deal of public interest due to the needs and applications of nanomaterials in many areas of human endeavours such as industry, agriculture, business, medicine, public health amongst many others. Nanotechnology includes the integration of these nanoscale structures into larger material components and systems, keeping the control and construction of new and improved materials at the nanoscale. Biological nanoparticles are mainly developed for drug delivery systems as an alternative to liposomal technology, in order to overcome the problems related to the stability of these vesicles in biological fluids and during the storage...
November 8, 2017: Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119470/failure-to-flow-an-exploration-of-learning-and-teaching-in-busy-multi-patient-environments-using-an-interpretive-description-method
#13
Teresa M Chan, Kenneth Van Dewark, Jonathan Sherbino, Alan Schwartz, Geoff Norman, Matthew Lineberry
INTRODUCTION: As patient volumes continue to increase, more attention must be paid to skills that foster efficiency without sacrificing patient safety. The emergency department is a fertile ground for examining leadership and management skills, especially those that concern prioritization in multi-patient environments. We sought to understand the needs of emergency physicians (EPs) and emergency medicine junior trainees with regards to teaching and learning about how best to handle busy, multi-patient environments...
November 8, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111891/regenerative-medicine-in-india-trends-and-challenges-in-innovation-and-regulation
#14
Shashank S Tiwari, Sujatha Raman, Paul Martin
The government of India has heavily promoted research and development in regenerative medicine together with domestic innovation and business development initiatives. Together, these promise a revolution in healthcare and public empowerment in India. Several national and transnational linkages have emerged to develop innovative capacity, most prominently in stem cell and cord blood banking, as well as in gene therapy, tissue engineering, biomaterials and 3D printing. However, challenges remain of achieving regulatory oversight, viable outputs and equitable impacts...
October 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110141/oncology-modeling-for-fun-and-profit-key-steps-for-busy-analysts-in-health-technology-assessment
#15
Jaclyn Beca, Don Husereau, Kelvin K W Chan, Neil Hawkins, Jeffrey S Hoch
In evaluating new oncology medicines, two common modeling approaches are state transition (e.g., Markov and semi-Markov) and partitioned survival. Partitioned survival models have become more prominent in oncology health technology assessment processes in recent years. Our experience in conducting and evaluating models for economic evaluation has highlighted many important and practical pitfalls. As there is little guidance available on best practices for those who wish to conduct them, we provide guidance in the form of 'Key steps for busy analysts,' who may have very little time and require highly favorable results...
November 6, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094402/black-swans-cognition-and-the-power-of-learning-from-failure
#16
Allison S Catalano, Kent Redford, Richard Margoluis, Andrew T Knight
Failure carries undeniable stigma and is difficult to confront for individuals, teams, and organizations. Disciplines such as commercial and military aviation, medicine, and business have long histories of grappling with it, beginning with the recognition that failure is inevitable in every human endeavor. While conservation may arguably be more complex, conservation professionals can draw upon the research and experience of these other disciplines to institutionalize activities and attitudes that foster learning from failures, whether they are minor setbacks or major disasters...
November 1, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070083/human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-acquired-through-a-traditional-healer-s-ritual-a-case-report
#17
Pedro Pallangyo, Paulina Nicholaus, Henry Mayala, Andrew Kabeho, Anna Nkinda, Mohamed Janabi
BACKGROUND: Globally, over 36 million people were infected with human immunodeficiency virus by the end of 2015. The Sub-Saharan African region home to less than one-fifth of the global population disproportionately harbors over two-thirds of the total infections and related deaths. Residents of Sub-Saharan Africa continue to face limited access to allopathic medicine and it is estimated that over 80% of primary health care needs in the region are met through traditional healing practices...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056794/duration-and-quality-of-the-peer-review-process-the-author-s-perspective
#18
Janine Huisman, Jeroen Smits
To gain insight into the duration and quality of the scientific peer review process, we analyzed data from 3500 review experiences submitted by authors to the SciRev.sc website. Aspects studied are duration of the first review round, total review duration, immediate rejection time, the number, quality, and difficulty of referee reports, the time it takes authors to revise and resubmit their manuscript, and overall quality of the experience. We find clear differences in these aspects between scientific fields, with Medicine, Public health, and Natural sciences showing the shortest durations and Mathematics and Computer sciences, Social sciences, Economics and Business, and Humanities the longest...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048981/women-and-the-decision-to-leave-linger-or-lean-in-predictors-of-intent-to-leave-and-aspirations-to-leadership-and-advancement-in-academic-medicine
#19
Elizabeth H Ellinas, Nadya Fouad, Angela Byars-Winston
BACKGROUND: The Association of American Medical Colleges reports continued low rates of female faculty as professors and in leadership positions. While attrition and discrimination have both been proposed as explanations, recent literature has suggested that women's professional motivations, ingrained behavior, and perceptions of organizational support may also play a role. METHODS: The authors employed a series of scales informed by the turnover theory (which predicts intent to leave an organization), previously validated and used in business and engineering studies, but rarely used in academic medicine...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033308/2017-annual-meeting-of-the-american-college-of-radiology-moreton-lecture-forecasting-the-futures-of-radiology
#20
Jeffrey C Bauer
PURPOSE: The traditional forces of change in health care are no longer working as they did in the past. Political gridlock has destroyed Washington's ability to create sensible policy for reforming the medical marketplace, creating chaos for providers. Fortunately, chaos creates opportunity. The idea of creating one's future has never been more relevant and necessary. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Predicting-the science of extrapolating future values from historical data-is not a valid method for looking ahead when causal relationships that explained change in the past are themselves being redefined (the current situation)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
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