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Behavioral sleep

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785275/infant-activity-and-sleep-behaviors-in-a-maternal-and-infant-home-visiting-project-among-rural-southern-african-american-women
#1
Jessica L Thomson, Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Melissa H Goodman, Alicia S Landry
Background: Physical inactivity and inadequate amounts of sleep are two potential causes for excessive weight gain in infancy. Thus, parents and caregivers of infants need to be educated about decreasing infant sedentary behavior, increasing infant unrestrained floor time, as well as age specific recommended amounts of sleep for infants. The aims of this study were to determine if maternal knowledge about infant activity and sleep changed over time and to evaluate maternal compliance rates with expert recommendations for infant sleep in a two-arm, randomized, controlled, comparative impact trial...
2018: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785112/treatment-of-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementias-with-psychopharmaceuticals-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Jiří Masopust, Dita Protopopová, Martin Vališ, Zbyšek Pavelek, Blanka Klímová
Behavioral and psychological symptoms represent common complications in patients with different types of dementia. Predominantly, they comprise psychosis, agitation and mood disorders, disinhibited behavior, impairment of the sleep and wakefulness rhythm, wandering, perseveration, pathological collecting, or shouting. Their appearance is related to more rapid progression of the disease, earlier institutionalization, use of physical restraints, and higher risk of mortality. Consequently, appearance of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia leads to higher costs of care provided and greater distress for caregivers...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784788/mistimed-food-intake-and-sleep-alters-24-hour-time-of-day-patterns-of-the-human-plasma-proteome
#3
Christopher M Depner, Edward L Melanson, Andrew W McHill, Kenneth P Wright
Proteomics holds great promise for understanding human physiology, developing health biomarkers, and precision medicine. However, how much the plasma proteome varies with time of day and is regulated by the master circadian suprachiasmatic nucleus brain clock, assessed here by the melatonin rhythm, is largely unknown. Here, we assessed 24-h time-of-day patterns of human plasma proteins in six healthy men during daytime food intake and nighttime sleep in phase with the endogenous circadian clock (i.e., circadian alignment) versus daytime sleep and nighttime food intake out of phase with the endogenous circadian clock (i...
May 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784561/parkinson-s-disease-phenotype-is-influenced-by-the-severity-of-the-mutations-in-the-gba-gene
#4
Avner Thaler, Noa Bregman, Tanya Gurevich, Tamara Shiner, Yonatan Dror, Ofir Zmira, Ziv Gan-Or, Anat Bar-Shira, Mali Gana-Weisz, Avi Orr-Urtreger, Nir Giladi, Anat Mirelman
OBJECTIVE: Mutations in the glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene are divided into mild and severe (mGBA, sGBA) based on their contribution to the phenotype of Gaucher disease (GD) among homozygotes. We conducted a longitudinal analysis of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients carrying mutations in the GBA gene to better characterize genotype-phenotype correlations. METHODS: Patients underwent a comprehensive assessment of medical, neurological, cognitive and non-motor functions...
May 17, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784534/presynaptic-dopaminergic-neuroimaging-in-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Matteo Bauckneht, Andrea Chincarini, Fabrizio De Carli, Michele Terzaghi, Silvia Morbelli, Flavio Nobili, Dario Arnaldi
The presence of polysomnography-confirmed REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is the stronger risk factor for having prodromal Parkinson disease (PD), followed by abnormal presynaptic dopaminergic radionuclide neuroimaging. Aim of the review is to conduct a meta-analysis of literature data regarding presynaptic dopaminergic neuroimaging in RBD. A literature search was conducted, resulting in 16 papers that met the inclusion criteria. Clinical and neuroimaging data were extracted. The studies are heterogeneous, especially for neuroimaging methodology...
April 22, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784234/cosleeping-and-behavioral-sleep-problems-in-school-aged-children-with-neurodevelopmental-and-mental-health-disorders
#6
María-Felisa Bastida-Pozuelo, Lisa J Meltzer, María-Montserrat Sánchez-Ortuño
The aim of this study was to explore the presence of sleep-related complaints and their relationship to cosleeping in a sample of 57 children with mental health disorders. Information about the practice of cosleeping was collected through an interview and behavioral sleep problems were evaluated with a subset of items from the Spanish version of the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). Controlling for age, cosleepers scored higher on insomnia, daytime sleepiness and poor sleep scheduling, compared to solitary sleepers...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784225/nursing-diagnoses-of-the-homeless-population-in-light-of-self-care-theory
#7
Felicialle Pereira da Silva, Francisco de Assis Siqueira Paiva, Carolina Pereira Guedes, Iracema da Silva Frazão, Selene Cordeiro Vasconcelos, Murilo Duarte da Costa Lima
BACKGROUND: A growing number of people find themselves in conditions of extreme poverty, which often makes living on the streets the only option. Living conditions in this setting exert a direct impact on health and self-care. Health care for the homeless population should be planned in an interdisciplinary and intersectoral manner. In this context, nursing diagnoses constitute an essential part of the systemization of care. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study were to identify nursing diagnoses of a homeless population and propose nursing interventions based on the findings in light of the Nursing Outcomes Classification and Nursing Interventions Classification...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782504/measurement-agreement-of-the-self-administered-questionnaire-of-the-belgian-health-interview-survey-paper-and-pencil-versus-web-based-mode
#8
Elise Braekman, Finaba Berete, Rana Charafeddine, Stefaan Demarest, Sabine Drieskens, Lydia Gisle, Geert Molenberghs, Jean Tafforeau, Johan Van der Heyden, Guido Van Hal
Before organizing mixed-mode data collection for the self-administered questionnaire of the Belgian Health Interview Survey, measurement effects between the paper-and-pencil and the web-based questionnaire were evaluated. A two-period cross-over study was organized with a sample of 149 employees of two Belgian research institutes (age range 22-62 years, 72% female). Measurement agreement was assessed for a diverse range of health indicators related to general health, mental and psychosocial health, health behaviors and prevention with kappa coefficients and intraclass correlation (ICC)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782435/biobehavioral-responses-of-preterm-infants-to-conventional-and-swaddled-tub-baths-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#9
Patrícia de Freitas, Mariana Bueno, Diane Holditch-Davis, Hudson Pires Santos, Amélia Fumiko Kimura
Bathing is a routine care procedure that exposes preterm infants to prolonged handling, which could cause stress and potentially disrupt infants' biobehavioral responses. The aim of this double-blind randomized crossover trial was to compare the preterm infant's body temperature, heart rate (HR), peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2), salivary cortisol levels, and sleep-wake states during and after swaddled and conventional tub baths. Forty-three infants born at 32 to 36 weeks postmenstrual age, weighing 2225 g or less, were enrolled in the study...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782311/the-independent-associations-of-physical-activity-and-sleep-with-cognitive-function-in-older-adults
#10
Ryan S Falck, John R Best, Jennifer C Davis, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
BACKGROUND: Current evidence suggests physical activity (PA) and sleep are important for cognitive health; however, few studies examining the role of PA and sleep for cognitive health have measured these behaviors objectively. OBJECTIVE: We cross-sectionally examined whether 1) higher PA is associated with better cognitive performance independently of sleep quality; 2) higher sleep quality is associated with better cognitive performance independently of PA; and 3) whether higher PA is associated with better sleep quality...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781380/finally-a-regimen-to-extend-human-life-expectancy
#11
James Larrick, Andrew R Mendelsohn
The US has the most expensive healthcare system worldwide. Yet measures of healthspan and life expectancy are well below the major industrialized nations. With the US population aged 65 and older projected to double by mid-century a healthcare crisis is looming. Within this context huge interest and investment has emerged in technologies and drugs to address aging with an expected benefit to healthspan. The thesis being that such basic interventions will reduce morbidity caused by many chronic diseases where biological age itself is the major risk factor...
May 21, 2018: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#12
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781104/cavities-shield-birds-from-effects-of-artificial-light-at-night-on-sleep
#13
Thomas Raap, Rianne Pinxten, Marcel Eens
Light pollution is an ever increasing worldwide problem disrupting animal behavior. Artificial light at night (ALAN) has been shown to affect sleep in wild birds. Even cavity-nesting bird species may be affected when sleeping inside their cavity. Correlational studies suggest that light from outside the cavity/nest box, for example from street lights, may affect sleep. We used an experimental design to study to what extent nest boxes shield animals from effects of ALAN on sleep. We recorded individual sleep behavior of free-living great tits (Parus major) that were roosting in dark nest boxes and exposed their nest box entrance to ALAN the following night (1...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781091/fetal-assessment-in-buprenorphine-maintained-women-using-fetal-magnetoencephalography-a-pilot-study
#14
Diana Escalona-Vargas, Jessica L Coker, Shona Ray-Griffith, Eric R Siegel, Curtis L Lowery, Zachary N Stowe, Hari Eswaran
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In-utero exposure to opioids including buprenorphine (BUP) has been shown to affect fetal activity, specifically heart-rate variability (FHRV) and fetal movement (FM). Our objective was to extract simultaneous recordings of fetal cardiac, and brain-related activity in BUP-maintained and non-opioid exposed pregnant women using a novel non-invasive biomagnetic technique. DESIGN: A pilot study was conducted, recording and analyzing biomagnetic data from fetuses of BUP-maintained and non-opioid exposed pregnant women...
May 20, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780977/modeling-interdependent-and-periodic-real-world-action-sequences
#15
Takeshi Kurashima, Tim Althoff, Jure Leskovec
Mobile health applications, including those that track activities such as exercise, sleep, and diet, are becoming widely used. Accurately predicting human actions in the real world is essential for targeted recommendations that could improve our health and for personalization of these applications. However, making such predictions is extremely difficult due to the complexities of human behavior, which consists of a large number of potential actions that vary over time, depend on each other, and are periodic...
April 2018: Proceedings of the International World-Wide Web Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780880/circadian-and-brain-state-modulation-of-network-hyperexcitability-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Rosalind Brown, Alice D Lam, Alfredo Gonzalez-Sulser, Andrew Ying, Mary Jones, Robert Chang-Chih Chou, Makis Tzioras, Crispin Y Jordan, Izabela Jedrasiak-Cape, Anne-Laure Hemonnot, Maurice Abou Jaoude, Andrew J Cole, Sydney S Cash, Takashi Saito, Takaomi Saido, Richard R Ribchester, Kevan Hashemi, Iris Oren
Network hyperexcitability is a feature of Alzheimer' disease (AD) as well as numerous transgenic mouse models of AD. While hyperexcitability in AD patients and AD animal models share certain features, the mechanistic overlap remains to be established. We aimed to identify features of network hyperexcitability in AD models that can be related to epileptiform activity signatures in AD patients. We studied network hyperexcitability in mice expressing amyloid precursor protein (APP) with mutations that cause familial AD, and compared a transgenic model that overexpresses human APP (hAPP) (J20), to a knock-in model expressing APP at physiological levels (APPNL/F )...
March 2018: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779818/fighting-obesity-non-pharmacological-interventions
#17
María Fernanda Higuera-Hernández, Elena Reyes-Cuapio, Marissa Gutiérrez-Mendoza, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, André Barciela Veras, Henning Budde, Johanna Jesse, Jaime Zaldívar-Rae, Carlos Blanco-Centurión, Sérgio Machado, Eric Murillo-Rodríguez
The abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that impairs health is one of the criteria that fulfills obesity. According to epidemiological data, obesity has become a worldwide public health problem that in turn would trigger additional pathologies such as cardiorespiratory dysfunctions, cancer, gastrointestinal disturbances, depression, sleep disorders, just to mention a few. Then, the search for a therapeutical intervention aimed to prevent and manage obesity has been the focus of study during the last years...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779682/predicting-alpha-synuclein-pathology-by-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-diagnosis
#18
David R Shprecher, Charles H Adler, Nan Zhang, Joseph G Hentz, Geidy E Serrano, Brittany N Dugger, Holly A Shill, Rodolfo Savica, John N Caviness, Marwan N Sabbagh, Christine M Belden, Erika Driver-Dunckley, Shyamal H Mehta, Lucia I Sue, Kathryn J Davis, Edward Zamrini, Thomas G Beach
Inability to accurately diagnose Lewy type alpha-synucleinopathy (LTS) pre-mortem has been a major obstacle to clinical care and research. Probable REM sleep behavior disorder (PRBD) diagnosed with support of instruments such as the Mayo Sleep Questionnaire (MSQ) may provide a cost effective means of predicting LTS. Since 2007, 602 subjects in the Arizona Study of Aging and Neurodegenerative Disorders had clinician assessment for PRBD (298 with, 304 without support of the MSQ), completed cognitive and movement examinations, and had neuropathological assessment...
May 17, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779139/insomnia-short-sleep-duration-and-high-blood-pressure-recent-evidence-and-future-directions-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-hypertension
#19
REVIEW
Christina J Bathgate, Julio Fernandez-Mendoza
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize research from the past 2 years on the association between insomnia, short sleep duration, and hypertension and provide a critical analysis of the evidence and suggestions for future directions in this field. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence indicates that the association between insomnia and elevated blood pressure (BP) or stage 1 and 2 hypertension is stronger in those with chronic insomnia, as compared to those with isolated insomnia symptoms, and primarily found in those with the insomnia with objective short sleep duration phenotype...
May 19, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778918/cognitive-mechanisms-of-sleep-outcomes-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#20
Philip I Chow, Karen S Ingersoll, Frances P Thorndike, Holly R Lord, Linda Gonder-Frederick, Charles M Morin, Lee M Ritterband
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate in a randomized clinical trial the role of sleep-related cognitive variables in the long-term efficacy of an online, fully automated cognitive behavioral therapy intervention for insomnia (CBT-I) (Sleep Healthy Using the Internet [SHUTi]). METHOD: Three hundred and three participants (Mage  = 43.3 years; SD = 11.6) were randomly assigned to SHUTi or an online patient education condition and assessed at baseline, postintervention (nine weeks after baseline), and six and 12 months after the intervention period...
December 20, 2017: Sleep Medicine
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