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Pancreas tumor

K Blouhos, K A Boulas, A Paraskeva, I Kariotis, N Barettas, A Hatzigeorgiadis
INTRODUCTION: Secondary pancreatic tumors are uncommon and account for 2-5% of pancreatic cancer. Tumors characterized most commonly with pancreatic involvement are lymphoma, renal cell and lung carcinomas. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 76-year-old female patient with obstructive jaundice as the primary symptom and inguinal lymphadenopathy is presented. Imaging revealed a bulky solitary solid pancreatic head mass along with paraaortic and mesenteric lymphadenopathy. The absence of a previous history of malignancy and the presence of a dominant pancreatic mass along with distal lymphadenopathy confined differential diagnosis to advanced secondary pancreatic lymphoma, which is the most common secondary pancreatic tumor, and locally advanced/metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Chungen Lan, Xin Li, Xiuchao Wang, Jihui Hao, He Ren
Objective: Cystic lesions of the pancreas have been increasingly recognized. Some lesions exhibit benign behavior, while others have unequivocal malignant potential. Thus, accurate identification of malignancy in patients diagnosed with pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCNs) remains a major challenge. The aim of this study was to define a combined criterion to better predict malignant lesions in patients with PCNs. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 165 patients who underwent resection of PCNs from October 2011 to May 2017...
February 2018: Cancer Biology & Medicine
Francesca Vena, Ruochen Jia, Arman Esfandiari, Juan J Garcia-Gomez, Manuel Rodriguez-Justo, Jianguo Ma, Sakeena Syed, Lindsey Crowley, Brian Elenbaas, Samantha Goodstal, John A Hartley, Daniel Hochhauser
Targeting the DNA damage response (DDR) in tumors with defective DNA repair is a clinically successful strategy. The RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK signalling pathway is frequently deregulated in human cancers. In this study, we explored the effects of MEK inhibition on the homologous recombination pathway and explored the potential for combination therapy of MEK inhibitors with DDR inhibitors and a hypoxia-activated prodrug. We studied effects of combining pimasertib, a selective allosteric inhibitor of MEK1/2, with olaparib, a small molecule inhibitor of poly (adenosine diphosphate [ADP]-ribose) polymerases (PARP), and with the hypoxia-activated prodrug evofosfamide in ovarian and pancreatic cancer cell lines...
February 20, 2018: Oncotarget
Uayporn Kaosombatwattana, Yoshiki Hirooka, Hiroki Kawashima, Eizaburo Ohno, Takuya Ishikawa, Hiroki Suhara, Hidemi Goto
Endoscopic ultrasound is increasingly being used for evaluation of pancreatic diseases and pancreatic tumors. Among various pancreatic cystic lesions, cystic degeneration of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm is of the challenge in making diagnosis. Although unique characteristic of each type of pancreatic cystic lesions has been proposed abundantly, typical morphology of cystic degeneration of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm is still unclear. We, herein, reported a case of 66-year-old woman who was incidentally found to have a cystic lesion in the tail of pancreas upon screening transabdominal ultrasonography...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Vincent P Groot, Sameer S Thakker, Georgios Gemenetzis, Michaël Noë, Ammar A Javed, Richard A Burkhart, Behnoud B Noveiry, John L Cameron, Matthew J Weiss, Christopher J VandenBussche, Elliot K Fishman, Ralph H Hruban, Christopher L Wolfgang, Anne Marie Lennon, Jin He
BACKGROUND: Lymphoepithelial cysts (LECs) are rare pancreatic cystic lesions. Since LECs are benign, preoperative diagnosis is important to differentiate from a cystic neoplasm and avoid unnecessary surgery. The aim of this study was to identify clinical, radiographic and cytopathologic features associated with LECs. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients diagnosed with LEC between 1995 and 2017 at our hospital. Clinicopathologic and radiographic imaging features were documented...
March 9, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Isabel de la Cueva-Alique, Sara Sierra, Laura Muñoz-Moreno, Adrián Pérez-Redondo, Ana M Bajo, Isabel Marzo, Lourdes Gude, Tomás Cuenca, Eva Royo
New water soluble, enantiopure arene ruthenium compound SRu SN -(1R,4S)-[(η6 -p-cymene)Ru{ĸNH(Bn),ĸNOH}Cl]Cl (Bn = benzyl, 1a') has been synthesized. The novel compound along with that previously described RRu RN -(1S,4R)-[(η6 -p-cymene)Ru{ĸNH(Bn),ĸNOH}Cl]Cl (1a) was evaluated by polarimetry, ultra-violet and circular dichroism spectroscopy. The structure of novel ruthenium derivative 1a' was determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. Both enantiomers have been tested against several cancer cell lines in vitro: prostate PC-3, lung A-549, pancreas MIA PaCa-2, colorectal HCT-116, leukemia Jurkat and cervical HeLa...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Alessandra Zilli, Ilaria Fanetti, Dario Conte, Sara Massironi
Gallium-68 DOTA-peptide positron emission tomography/computed tomography (68 Ga-PET/CT) has emerged as a promising tool for the diagnosis and staging of gastro-entero-pancreatic neoplasms, thanks to its high sensitivity and specificity. Heterotopic pancreas, which is relatively rare, has never been reported as a possible cause of false positives of68 Ga-PET/CT. We report on the first case of a heterotopic pancreas showing pathological uptake at68 Ga-PET/CT, thus mimicking an intestinal neuroendocrine tumor...
March 6, 2018: Clinical Imaging
Allen Cohn, Michael A Morse, Bert O'Neil, Samuel Whiting, Claire Coeshott, John Ferraro, Donald Bellgrau, David Apelian, Timothy C Rodell
We are developing whole, heat-killed, recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast, engineered to encode target proteins, which stimulate immune responses against malignant cells expressing those targets. This phase 1 trial, enrolling patients with advanced colorectal or pancreas cancer, was designed to evaluate safety, immunogenicity, response, and overall survival of ascending doses of the GI-4000 series of products, which express 3 different forms of mutated Ras proteins. The study enrolled 33 heavily pretreated subjects (14 with pancreas and 19 with colorectal cancer), whose tumors were genotyped before enrollment to identify the specific ras mutation and thereby to identify which GI-4000 product to administer...
April 2018: Journal of Immunotherapy
Veronica L Cox, Anas A Saeed Bamashmos, Wai Chin Foo, Shiva Gupta, Sireesha Yedururi, Naveen Garg, Hyunseon Christine Kang
Lynch syndrome is the most common hereditary cancer syndrome, the most common cause of heritable colorectal cancer, and the only known heritable cause of endometrial cancer. Other cancers associated with Lynch syndrome include cancers of the ovary, stomach, urothelial tract, and small bowel, and less frequently, cancers of the brain, biliary tract, pancreas, and prostate. The oncogenic tendency of Lynch syndrome stems from a set of genomic alterations of mismatch repair proteins. Defunct mismatch repair proteins cause unusually high instability of regions of the genome called microsatellites...
March 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Riccardo Ariotti, Stefano Partelli, Francesca Muffatti, Valentina Andreasi, Francesca Della Sala, Massimo Falconi
Neuroendocrine gastro-entero-pancreatic neoplasms (GEP-NENs) constitute a heterogeneous group of tumors, whose incidence has increased over the years. The most frequent site for primary disease is the stomach followed by small and large intestine, and pancreas. In the last decade, a dramatic growing in the incidence of small, incidental GEP-NENs has been recorded. In parallel, an increasing attitude toward more conservative approaches instead of surgical management has being widely spreading. This is particularly true for small, asymptomatic, pancreatic NEN as for these tumor forms an active surveillance has proven to be safe and feasible...
March 12, 2018: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
Heetaek Oh, Gwang Ha Kim, Moon Won Lee, Hye Kyung Jeon, Dong Hoon Baek, Bong Eun Lee
Background and study aims:  Heterotopic pancreas is a common subepithelial lesion in the stomach. However, its histological diagnosis is difficult when tissue samples are obtained with a conventional biopsy forceps. This study aimed to describe the magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (ME-NBI) features of gastric heterotopic pancreas. Patients and methods:  We retrospectively analyzed a database of all patients who underwent endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) at Pusan National University Hospital from January 2010 to December 2010...
March 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Xing Wang, Yong-Hua Chen, Chun-Lu Tan, Hao Zhang, Jun-Jie Xiong, Hong-Yu Chen, Neng-Wen Ke, Xu-Bao Liu
BACKGROUND: Enucleation is increasingly used for pancreatic solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) to preserve function of the pancreas. The data was limited due to rarity of this low-grade neoplasm. We sought to describe the indications, operative technique, short and long-term outcomes after enucleation with largest series of enucleated SPNs. METHODS: Data collected retrospectively from 110 patients with SPN who underwent pancreatectomy between 2009 and 2016 in our institution were reviewed...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Hiromichi Kawaida, Ayako Kimura, Mitsuaki Watanabe, Hidenori Akaike, Naohiro Hosomura, Yoshihiko Kawaguchi, Hidetake Amemiya, Makoto Sudo, Hiroshi Kono, Masanori Matsuda, Hideki Fujii, Daisuke Ichikawa, Mitsuharu Fukasawa, Ei Takahashi, Katsuhiro Sano, Tomohiro Inoue
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal duplication cyst is a congenital rare disease that may occur in any region from mouth to anus. Among them, gastric duplication cysts are very rare. CASE REPORT: Here we report A 23-year-old Japanese man who visited our hospital to evaluate an abdominal tumor. Abdominal computed tomography showed a well-circumscribed homogenous low-density mass measuring 6.2 × 6.0 cm between the pancreatic tail and the upper posterior wall on the gastric greater curvature, and the mass seemed to originate from the pancreatic tail...
February 24, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Jianhui Wu, Xiuyun Tian, Bonan Liu, Chengpeng Li, Chunyi Hao
BACKGROUND Solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) of the pancreas may present widespread peritoneal metastases, but the treatment of this malignancy has not been well described and requires further investigation. MATERIAL AND METHODS Four cases of SPN with significant peritoneal metastases in our department were operated and retrospectively summarized after long-term follow-up. Eight more cases of peritoneal metastatic SPN from the PubMed database were also included in the analysis. RESULTS Peritoneal metastases of SPNs have different gross features...
March 10, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Marin Strijker, Arja Gerritsen, Jony van Hilst, Maarten F Bijlsma, Bert A Bonsing, Lodewijk A Brosens, Marco J Bruno, Ronald M van Dam, Frederike Dijk, Casper H van Eijck, Arantza Farina Sarasqueta, Paul Fockens, Michael F Gerhards, Bas Groot Koerkamp, Erwin van der Harst, Ignace H de Hingh, Jeanin E van Hooft, Clément J Huysentruyt, Geert Kazemier, Joost M Klaase, Cornelis J van Laarhoven, Hanneke W van Laarhoven, Mike S Liem, Vincent E de Meijer, L Bengt van Rijssen, Hjalmar C van Santvoort, Mustafa Suker, Judith H Verhagen, Joanne Verheij, Hein W Verspaget, Roos A Wennink, Johanna W Wilmink, I Quintus Molenaar, Marja A Boermeester, Olivier R Busch, Marc G Besselink
OBJECTIVES: Large biobanks with uniform collection of biomaterials and associated clinical data are essential for translational research. The Netherlands has traditionally been well organized in multicenter clinical research on pancreatic diseases, including the nationwide multidisciplinary Dutch Pancreatic Cancer Group and Dutch Pancreatitis Study Group. To enable high-quality translational research on pancreatic and periampullary diseases, these groups established the Dutch Pancreas Biobank...
April 2018: Pancreas
Jichun Gu, Hexige Saiyin, Deliang Fu, Ji Li
Pancreatic cancer is a uniformly lethal malignancy with an abundant dense desmoplastic stroma. Because of its dense stroma, conventional drugs were considered to not penetrate this physical barrier, and this caused a systemic drug resistance. Thus, abolishing this barrier with targeted agents is considered to improve the efficiency of chemotherapeutic treatment. The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is a critical regulator of pancreas development and plays diversified roles in pancreatic cancer stroma and neoplastic cells...
April 2018: Pancreas
Alia Zehani, Sarra Aloui, Ines Chelly, Slim Haouet, Nidhameddine Kchir
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the gastrointestinal tract are a heterogeneous group of tumors which have different malignant potential and evolution. The World Health Organization (WHO) has set up a new classification of gastrointestinal NETs in 2010. However, it does not evaluate the risk of malignancy for each tumor. AIM: To evaluate the prognostic impact of the WHO classification in 2010 by reclassifying the tumor according to new recommendations and to identify histoprognostic factors to better predict changes...
June 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Yu Zhou, Liang Zhao, Fangchao Mei, Yupu Hong, He Xia, Teng Zuo, Youming Ding, Weixing Wang
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an inflammatory cytokine involved in many acute and chronic inflammatory diseases. However, its role in acute lung injury associated with acute pancreatitis in pregnancy (APIP) has not yet been elucidated. The present study was undertaken to clarify the effect and potential mechanism of MIF antagonist (S,R)3‑(4‑hydroxyphenyl)‑4,5‑dihydro‑5‑isoxazole acetic acid methyl ester (ISO‑1) in the development of acute lung injury in rats with APIP. Eighteen late‑gestation SD rats were randomly assigned to three groups: Sham operation (SO) group, APIP group, and ISO‑1 group...
March 1, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Kei Takahashi, Shogo Ehata, Daizo Koinuma, Yasuyuki Morishita, Manabu Soda, Hiroyuki Mano, Kohei Miyazono
Tumor microenvironment plays a pivotal role in cancer progression; however, little is known regarding how differences in the microenvironment affect characteristics of cancer cells. Here, we investigated the effects of tumor microenvironment on cancer cells by using mouse tumor models. After three cycles of inoculation and extraction of human pancreatic cancer cells, including SUIT-2 and Panc-1 cells, from tumors, distinct cancer cell lines were established: 3P cells from the pancreas obtained using the orthotopic tumor model and 3sc cells from subcutaneous tissue obtained using the subcutaneous tumor model...
March 7, 2018: Oncogene
Keith E Steele, Tze Heng Tan, René Korn, Karma Dacosta, Charles Brown, Michael Kuziora, Johannes Zimmermann, Brian Laffin, Moritz Widmaier, Lorenz Rognoni, Ruben Cardenes, Katrin Schneider, Anmarie Boutrin, Philip Martin, Jiping Zha, Tobias Wiestler
BACKGROUND: Immuno-oncology and cancer immunotherapies are areas of intense research. The numbers and locations of CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are important measures of the immune response to cancer with prognostic, pharmacodynamic, and predictive potential. We describe the development, validation, and application of advanced image analysis methods to characterize multiple immunohistochemistry-derived CD8 parameters in clinical and nonclinical tumor tissues. METHODS: Commercial resection tumors from nine cancer types, and paired screening/on-drug biopsies of non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) patients enrolled in a phase 1/2 clinical trial investigating the PD-L1 antibody therapy durvalumab (NCT01693562), were immunostained for CD8...
March 6, 2018: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
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