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PESI score

David R Vinson, Dustin W Ballard, Dustin G Mark, Jie Huang, Mary E Reed, Adina S Rauchwerger, David H Wang, James S Lin, Mamata V Kene, Tamara S Pleshakov, Dana K Sax, Jordan M Sax, D Ian McLachlan, Cyrus K Yamin, Clifford J Swap, Hilary R Iskin, Ridhima Vemula, Bethany S Fleming, Andrew R Elms, Drahomir Aujesky
INTRODUCTION: The Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI) is a validated prognostic score to estimate the 30-day mortality of emergency department (ED) patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE). A simplified version (sPESI) was derived but has not been as well studied in the U.S. We sought to validate both indices in a community hospital setting in the U.S. and compare their performance in predicting 30-day all-cause mortality and classification of cases into low-risk and higher-risk categories...
September 24, 2016: Thrombosis Research
Evangelos Giannitsis, Hugo A Katus
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is associated with high all-cause and PE-related mortality and requires individualized management. After confirmation of PE, a refined risk stratification is particularly warranted among normotensive patients. Previous prognostic models favored combinations of echocardiography or computed tomography suggestive of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction together with biomarkers of RV dysfunction (natriuretic peptides) or myocardial injury (cardiac troponins) to identify candidates for thrombolysis or embolectomy...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Chemistry
E Dubie, G Pouzet, E Bohyn, C Meunier, A Wuyts, S Chateigner Coelsch, P Lesage, C Morvan, L Belle, G Vanzetto
In the emergency department, the management of patients with pulmonary embolism depends on the early mortality risk. Outpatient care is possible in low-risk patients. We present the existing scores and the strategy proposed by the North Alps Emergency Network, which uses the simplified PESI score (Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index) to select those low-risk patients, candidates for early discharge.
September 29, 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Dustin W Ballard, Ridhima Vemula, Uli K Chettipally, Mamata V Kene, Dustin G Mark, Andrew K Elms, James S Lin, Mary E Reed, Jie Huang, Adina S Rauchwerger, David R Vinson
OBJECTIVE: Adoption of clinical decision support (CDS) tools by clinicians is often limited by workflow barriers. We sought to assess characteristics associated with clinician use of an electronic health record-embedded clinical decision support system (CDSS). METHODS: In a prospective study on emergency department (ED) activation of a CDSS tool across 14 hospitals between 9/1/14 to 4/30/15, the CDSS was deployed at 10 active sites with an on-site champion, education sessions, iterative feedback, and up to 3 gift cards/clinician as an incentive...
2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
Poul Henning Madsen, Søren Hess
Basic knowledge of pulmonary embolism is relevant to most practicing physicians. Many medical specialties care for patients with increased risk of pulmonary embolism, why recognition of relevant symptoms, a thorough medical history, assessment of the clinical condition of the patient and possibly referral to a relevant facility should be a part of the skills of all clinicians. Sudden onset dyspnea, chest pain, syncope and hemoptysis are essential symptoms of pulmonary embolism, and in most of these patients basic investigations like arterial blood gas analysis, electrocardiogram, chest x-ray and biochemical analyses are appropriate...
September 13, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Mustafa Topuz, Mehmet Kaplan, Oguz Akkus, Omer Sen, Hatem Dilek Yunsel, Samir Allahverdiyev, Ozcan Erel, Mevlut Koc, Mustafa Gur
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of thiol/disulfide homeostasis in acute pulmonary embolism (APE) and investigate its compliance to show hospital mortality of patients with APE. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 173 participants including 113 patients with APE, and 60 healthy individuals were included in the study. APE group was categorized into two subgroups according to Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI) clinic risk score (PESI low group [n=71, class 1-3] and PESI high group [n=42, class 4-5])...
August 23, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Kanako K Kumamaru, Sachin S Saboo, Ayaz Aghayev, Phoebe Cai, Carlos Gonzalez Quesada, Elizabeth George, Zoha Hussain, Tianrun Cai, Frank J Rybicki
BACKGROUND: The purpose is to develop a comprehensive risk-scoring system based on CT findings for predicting 30-day mortality after acute pulmonary embolism (PE), and to compare it with PE Severity Index (PESI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included consecutive 1698 CT pulmonary angiograms (CTPA) positive for acute PE performed at a single institution (2003-2010). Two radiologists independently assessed each study regarding clinically relevant findings and then performed adjudication...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Mihaela Cordeanu, Sébastien Gaertner, Alix Faller, Corina Mirea, Isabelle Le Ray, Dominique Stephan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Gustavo Daquarti, Nicolás March Vecchio, Cecilia Soledad Mitrione, Juan Furmento, María Clara Ametrano, María Paz Dominguez Pace, Juan Pablo Costabel
INTRODUCTION: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction has proved to be an important predictor of morbidity and mortality in patients with pulmonary embolism (PE). Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) is one of the parameters that have been validated as predictor of outcomes. The aim of our study was to evaluate the performance (sensitivity and specificity) of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) to predict RV dysfunction defined as TAPSE <16 mm. METHODS: We conducted a single-center retrospective analysis of 40 patients prospectively included...
August 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mehmet Baran Karataş, Göktürk İpek, Tolga Onuk, Barış Güngör, Gündüz Durmuş, Yiğit Çanga, Yasin Çakıllı, Osman Bolca
BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary embolism is a serious medical condition that has a substantial global impact. Inflammation plays a role in the pathophysiology and prognosis of acute pulmonary embolism (APE). The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of admission parameters for complete blood count (CBC) in APE. METHODS: A total of 203 patients who were hospitalized with diagnosed APE were retrospectively enrolled in the study. Clinical data, PESI scores, admission CBC parameters, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were all recorded...
May 2016: Acta Cardiol Sin
A Carmona-Bayonas, C Font, P Jiménez-Fonseca, Francisco Fenoy, R Otero, C Beato, J Plasencia, M Biosca, M Sánchez, M Benegas, D Calvo-Temprano, D Varona, L Faez, M A Vicente, I de la Haba, M Antonio, O Madridano, A Ramchandani, E Castañón, P J Marchena, M J Martínez, M Martín, G Marín, F Ayala de la Peña, V Vicente
BACKGROUND: Acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) varies in its clinical manifestations in patients with cancer and entails specific issues. The objective is to assess the performance of five scores (PESI, sPESI, GPS, POMPE, and RIETE) and a clinical decision rule to predict 30-day mortality. METHODS: This is an ambispective, observational, multicenter study that collected episodes of PE in patients with cancer from 13 Spanish centers. The main criterion for comparing scales was the c-indices and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the models for predicting 30-day mortality...
July 2016: Thrombosis Research
Alain Junod
Nine prognostic scores for pulmonary embolism (PE), based on retrospective and prospective studies, published between 2000 and 2014, have been analyzed and compared. Most of them aim at identifying PE cases with a low risk to validate their ambulatory care. Important differences in the considered outcomes: global mortality, PE-specific mortality, other complications, sizes of low risk groups, exist between these scores. The most popular score appears to be the PESI and its simplified version. Few good quality studies have tested the applicability of these scores to PE outpatient care, although this approach tends to already generalize in the medical practice...
March 23, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
Cecilia Becattini, Giancarlo Agnelli, Mareike Lankeit, Luca Masotti, Piotr Pruszczyk, Franco Casazza, Simone Vanni, Cinzia Nitti, Pieter Kamphuisen, Maria Cristina Vedovati, Maria Grazia De Natale, Stavros Konstantinides
The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) has proposed an updated risk stratification model for death in patients with acute pulmonary embolism based on clinical scores (Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI) or simplified PESI (sPESI)), right ventricle dysfunction (RVD) and elevated serum troponin (2014 ESC model).We assessed the ability of the 2014 ESC model to predict 30-day death after acute pulmonary embolism. Consecutive patients with symptomatic, confirmed pulmonary embolism included in prospective cohorts were merged in a collaborative database...
September 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Grazia Panigada, Luca Masotti, Claudia Rosi, Laila Teghini, Barbara Cimolato, Maria Chiara Bertieri, Chiara Angotti, Anna Maria Romagnoli, Irene Cascinelli, Veronica De Crescenzo, Alba Dainelli, Giuseppa Levantino, Lucia Raimondi, Rossella Nassi, Roberta Mastriforti, Paola Lambelet, Valentina Carli, Anna Frullini, Maddalena Grazzini, Lucia Ciucciarelli, Sara Bucherelli, Alessandra Petrioli, Carlotta Casati
BACKGROUND: Literature lacks on sex differences in acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Therefore, the aim of our study was to provide information about sex difference in thromboembolic burden, prognostic assessment and outcomes of PE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed and compared differences between females and males retrieving data of a multicenter, observational, retrospective, cohort study aimed to analyze characteristics of PE patients admitted in Internal Medicine wards of Tuscany, Italy...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
Kei Zaitsu, Yumi Hayashi, Tasuku Murata, Tomomi Ohara, Kenta Nakagiri, Maiko Kusano, Hiroki Nakajima, Tamie Nakajima, Tetsuya Ishikawa, Hitoshi Tsuchihashi, Akira Ishii
Probe electrospray ionization (PESI) is a recently developed ionization technique that enables the direct detection of endogenous compounds like metabolites without sample preparation. In this study, we have demonstrated the first combination use of PESI with triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS), which was then applied to intact endogenous metabolite analysis of mice liver, achieving detection of 26 metabolites including amino acids, organic acids, and sugars. To investigate its practicality, metabolic profiles of control and CCl4-induced acute hepatic injury mouse model were measured by the developed method...
April 5, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Tolga Onuk, Mehmet Baran Karataş, Göktürk İpek, Barış Güngör, Şükrü Akyüz, Yiğit Çanga, Ahmet Okan Uzun, İlhan İlker Avcı, Altuğ Ösken, Hülya Kaşıkçıoğlu, Neşe Çam
BACKGROUND: CHA2DS2-VASc score has been validated in risk prediction for stroke and thromboembolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Association of CHA2DS2-VASc score with higher risk of venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism (PE) has also been shown. In this study, we investigated the long-term prognostic value of CHA2DS2-VASc score in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE). METHODS: Consecutive patients with APE presenting to our emergency department were retrospectively recruited...
January 11, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
J A Saar, C Maack
Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) still represents a challenge regarding a rapid diagnosis and a risk-adapted therapy. In the 2014 guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) on the diagnosis and management of acute PE, several new recommendations have been issued based on new study data. Some established scores for risk stratification were developed further and there is now good evidence for the use of age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off levels. For the risk stratification in patients without clinical features of shock, the utilization of the pulmonary embolism severity index (PESI) and simplified PESI (sPESI) scores is recommended...
December 2015: Herz
Mehmet Baran Karataş, Barış Güngör, Göktürk İpek, Yiğit Çanga, Zeki Yüksel Günaydın, Tolga Onuk, Gündüz Durmuş, Nizamettin Selçuk Yelgeç, Hale Yaka Yılmaz, Osman Bolca
BACKGROUND: Serum cholesterols play an important role in pathophysiology and prognosis of acute thrombotic diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of serum lipid parameters in acute pulmonary embolism (APE). METHODS: From January 2008 to January 2014 a total of 275 patients who were hospitalised with a diagnosis of APE were retrospectively screened. Clinical data, laboratory parameters, serum cholesterol levels were recorded and pulmonary embolism severity index (PESI) scores were calculated...
April 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Penelope A McNulty, Angelica G Thompson-Butel, Steven G Faux, Gaven Lin, Pesi H Katrak, Laura R Harris, Christine T Shiner
BACKGROUND: More effective and efficient rehabilitation is urgently needed to address the prevalence of unmet rehabilitation needs after stroke. This study compared the efficacy of two poststroke upper limb therapy protocols. AIMS AND/OR HYPOTHESIS: We tested the hypothesis that Wii-based movement therapy would be as effective as modified constraint-induced movement therapy for post-stroke upper-limb motor rehabilitation. METHODS: Forty-one patients, 2-46 months poststroke, completed a 14-day program of Wii-based Movement Therapy or modified Constraint-induced Movement Therapy in a dose-matched, assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial, conducted in a research institute or patient's homes...
December 2015: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Ali Shafiq, Hamza Lodhi, Zaheer Ahmed, Ata Bajwa
Background. The Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI) score can risk-stratify patients with PE but its widespread use is uncertain. With the PESI, we compared length of hospital stay between low, moderate, and high risk PE patients and determined the number of low risk PE patients who were discharged early. Methods. PE patients admitted to St. Joseph Mercy Oakland Hospital from January 2005 to August 2010 were screened. PESI score stratified acute PE patients into low (<85), moderate (86-105), and high (>105) risk categories and their length of hospital stay was compared...
2015: Thrombosis
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