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Abdominal Compartment Syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744626/successful-abdominal-wound-closure-for-treatment-of-severe-peritonitis-using-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-with-continuous-mesh-fascial-traction-a-case-report
#1
Hideki Kogo, Jun Hagiwara, Shiei Kin, Eiji Uchida
BACKGROUND: Surgery for severe peritonitis often entails difficult wound closure and may require open abdominal management due to gut edema and/or concern of abdominal compartment syndrome. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is known to have good outcomes for wound closure after surgery for severe peritonitis. NPWT with continuous mesh fascial traction may result in even better outcomes, especially for fascial closure. CASE PRESENTATION: An 81-year-old man was hospitalized for abdominal pain...
May 9, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691261/serum-vancomycin-concentrations-after-oral-and-intracolonic-vancomycin-administration-in-a-patient-with-colonic-discontinuity-and-severe-clostridium-difficile-infection
#2
Katja Wilke, Sina Helbig, Katja de With
PURPOSE: A case of detectable systemic vancomycin levels after oral vancomycin administration but not after intracolonic administration in a patient with colonic discontinuity and severe Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is reported. SUMMARY: A 63-year-old woman who had recently undergone pancreas-kidney transplantation developed severe CDI after 13 days of meropenem therapy for presumed urosepsis. Meropenem was stopped immediately, and treatment with oral vancomycin (250 mg every 6 hours) was started...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674606/hirschsprung-s-disease-related-giant-sigmoid-volvulus-complicated-by-refractory-hypertension-in-an-elderly-man
#3
Shaohan Wu, Xiaofang Sun, Yawei Yu, Yiyu Shen
BACKGROUND Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is a life-threatening condition occasionally seen in adults. Adult Hirschsprung's disease (HD)-related SV is rarely complicated by difficult-to-control hypertension. In this report we present the case of an elderly man with a rare constellation of HD, SV, and refractory hypertension. CASE REPORT An 82-year-old man had long-term constipation, moderate abdominal pain, and progressive abdominal distension. A CT scan revealed the typical "coffee bean sign". Blood pressure was abnormal high...
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657372/targeted-interventions-in-critically-ill-children-with-severe-dengue
#4
Suchitra Ranjit, Gokul Ramanathan, Balasubramaniam Ramakrishnan, Niranjan Kissoon
Background: The World Health Organization guidelines provide suggestions on early recognition and treatment of severe dengue (SD); however, mortality in this group can be high and is related both to disease severity and the treatment complications. Subjects and Methods: In this prospective observational study, we report our results where standard therapy (ST) was enhanced by Intensive Care Unit (ICU) supportive measures that have proven beneficial in other conditions that share similar pathophysiology of capillary leak and fluid overload...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648415/management-of-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-during-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-water-assisted-colonoscopy-as-early-emergency-treatment
#5
Gennaro Martucci, Antonino Granata, Mario Traina, Fabrizio DI Francesco, Salvatore Gruttadauria, Giovanna Panarello, Antonio Arcadipane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628208/complex-gastroschisis-clinical-spectrum-and-neonatal-outcomes-at-a-referral-center
#6
Pablo Laje, Maria V Fraga, William H Peranteau, Holly L Hedrick, Nahla Khalek, Juliana S Gebb, Julie S Moldenhauer, Mark P Johnson, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the outcomes of neonates with complex gastroschisis (GC), and correlate outcomes with each type of complication. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with complex GC owing to prenatal and/or postnatal abdominal complications; 2008-2016. Primary outcomes: time to discontinue parenteral nutrition (off-PN), length of stay (LOS) and neonatal survival. MAIN RESULTS: We treated 58 patients with complex gastroschisis owing to abdominal complications, which were: intestinal necrosis at birth (n=9), intestinal atresia (n=16), medical necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) (n=15), surgical NEC (n=1), in utero volvulus (n=1), vanishing gastroschisis (n=2), severe intestinal dysmotility (n=1), delayed abdominal closure (n=3), abdominal compartment syndrome (n=2) and hiatal hernia/severe gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD; n=11)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627774/acute-lower-limb-ischaemia-secondary-to-intestinal-occlusion
#7
Francois-Charles Malo, Philippe Acar, Véronique Lapie, Valérie Bédard
In general, acute lower limb ischaemia is caused by embolic, thrombotic or traumatic phenomena. Here, we describe the case of a 67-year-old woman in an emergency room setting who was initially assessed for paralysis and numbness of her lower left limb. On physical examination, the abdomen was distended and non-compressible. An abdominal AngioScan showed complete occlusion of the left iliac artery by extrinsic compression of the dilated small intestine. After a review of the literature, no case was found describing a lower limb ischaemia by extrinsic vascular compression secondary to a compartment syndrome caused by small bowel obstruction...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616352/efast-for-the-diagnosis-of-a-perioperative-complication-during-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#8
Achyut Sharma, Prajjwal Bhattarai, Apurb Sharma
A 29-year-old patient with normal preanesthetic evaluation was planned for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for right nephrolithiasis with right pyelolithiasis. Surgery was performed under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation with muscle relaxation. At the conclusion of surgery, when the patient was turned over to supine position, tense abdomen was noted. Immediately extended focused assessment with sonography in trauma (eFAST) was done in which both right and left quadrants of abdomen including pericardial and suprapubic region, right and left thoracic, and both lung basis were examined...
April 3, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605724/timing-of-laparotomy-and-closure-in-burn-patients-with-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-effects-on-survival
#9
Jesus I Ramirez, Soman Sen, Tina L Palmieri, David G Greenhalgh
BACKGROUND: Survival of burned patients with abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is uniformly reported to be poor, averaging just 16% after laparotomy. We hypothesize that better outcomes may be achieved with a strategy of immediate laparotomy and early fascial closure. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with burn injury who were diagnosed with ACS between 2005 and 2016 were identified through a search of databases. Data was gathered from electronic medical records. Timing of laparotomy and closure were calculated for each patient...
March 29, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589452/-prediction-of-bowel-damage-in-patients-with-gastroschisis
#10
B Frýbová, A Kokešová, R Vlk, M Rygl
INTRODUCTION: Gastroschisis is the most common malformation among abdominal wall defects with the incidence of 1:45000 live birth neonates. Postoperative care for these patients is very difficult due to the risk of abdominal compartment syndrome. The identification of markers that correlate with bowel damage in gastroschisis may prevent this serious postoperative complication. METHODS: Review of the literature. CONCLUSION: Prenatal ultrasound prediction of bowel damage followed by an appropriate surgical strategy is a possibility of optimizing care and outcomes in gastroschisis patients...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588143/vascular-thrombosis-in-pediatric-kidney-transplantation-graft-survival-is-possible-with-adequate-management
#11
REVIEW
Romy Gander, Marino Asensio, Gloria Fatou Royo, José Andrés Molino, Laura García, Alvaro Madrid, Gema Ariceta, Manuel Lopez
OBJECTIVE: Vascular thrombosis (VT) in pediatric kidney transplantation (KT) is a dreaded event that leads to graft loss in almost 100% of cases. In recent years, VT has become the most common cause of early graft loss. The aim of this study was to analyze our experience in diagnosis and treatment of VT and the impact of a new management protocol on patient outcome. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 176 consecutive KT performed at our institution by the pediatric urology team between January 2000 and December 2015 and identified patients with VT...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578878/intra-abdominal-hypertension-is-more-common-than-previously-thought-a-prospective-study-in-a-mixed-medical-surgical-icu
#12
Patrick B Murphy, Neil G Parry, Nathalie Sela, Ken Leslie, Kelly Vogt, Ian Ball
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of intra-abdominal hypertension in mixed medical-surgical critically ill patients using modern definitions and measurement techniques. Secondarily to determine variables associated with intra-abdominal hypertension and ICU mortality. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: Single institution trauma, medical and surgical ICU in Canada. PATIENTS: Consecutive adult patients admitted to the ICU (n = 285)...
March 23, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562626/pressure-distribution-during-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-of-experimental-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-in-a-porcine-model
#13
Adrienn Csiszkó, Klaudia Balog, Zoltán Attila Godó, Gyula Juhász, Katalin Pető, Ádám Deák, Mariann Berhés, Norbert Németh, Zsolt Bodnár, Zsolt Szentkereszty
(1) Introduction: Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is a frequently applied open abdomen (OA) treatment. There are only a few experimental data supporting this method and describing the optimal settings and pressure distribution in the abdominal cavity during this procedure. The aim of our study was to evaluate pressure values at different points in the abdominal cavity during NPWT in experimental abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) animal model; (2) Methods: In this study (permission Nr. 13/2014/UDCAW), 27 Hungahib pigs (15...
March 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526427/-acute-aortic-syndromes
#14
REVIEW
Frédéric Cochennec, Jean Marzelle
Acute aortic syndromes include aortic dissections, intramural hematomas, penetrating ulcers, ruptured or contained ruptured aortic aneurysms. In presence of acute thoracic or dorsal pain, elevated D-Dimers and if acute coronary artery syndrome has been ruled out, additional imaging should be performed to detect acute aortic pathologies. Acute type A dissections involve the ascending aorta. Emergent open repair is the preferred treatment. Acute type B dissections involve the thoracic descending aorta. Endovascular treatment using thoracic stent grafts is indicated in complicated cases (malperfusion, rupture, uncontrolled hypertension) or in cases where risk factors of aortic degeneration are identified...
February 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526377/short-term-and-midterm-survival-of-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-in-the-contemporary-endovascular-era
#15
Charles S Briggs, Joshua A Sibille, Halim Yammine, Jocelyn K Ballast, William Anderson, Tzvi Nussbaum, Timothy S Roush, Frank R Arko
OBJECTIVE: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been shown to reduce mortality in the emergent repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). However, long-term survival data for this group of patients are lacking with contemporary endovascular endografts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate both 30-day mortality rates and 1-year survival in patients undergoing emergent EVAR in a 43-facility hospital system with a quaternary referral center with an established ruptured aneurysm protocol...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516005/contemporary-strategies-in-the-management-of-civilian-abdominal-vascular-trauma
#16
REVIEW
Georgios Karaolanis, Dimitrios Moris, C Cameron McCoy, Diamantis I Tsilimigras, Sotirios Georgopoulos, Chris Bakoyiannis
The evaluation and management of patients with abdominal vascular trauma or injury requires immediate and effective decision-making in these unfavorable circumstances. The majority of these patients arrive at trauma centers in profound shock, secondary to massive blood loss, which is often unrelenting. Moreover, ischemia, compartment syndrome, thrombosis, and embolization may also be life threatening and require immediate intervention. To minimize the risk of these potentially lethal complications, early understanding of the disease process and emergent therapeutic intervention are necessary...
2018: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508360/ex-utero-intrapartum-treatment-for-giant-congenital-omphalocele
#17
Xu-Yong Chen, Ji-Xin Yang, Hong-Yi Zhang, Xiao-Feng Xiong, Khalid Mohamoud Abdullahi, Xiao-Juan Wu, Jie-Xiong Feng
BACKGROUND: To determine whether ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) is an appropriate approach for managing fetuses antenatally diagnosed with giant congenital omphaloceles. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with omphaloceles who underwent either an EXIT procedure or a traditional repair surgery. Basic and clinical parameters including gender, gestational age, birth weight, maternal blood loss, operative times and operative complications were analyzed...
March 5, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492365/cryptic-but-deadly-a-serious-killer-in-patients-with-advanced-liver-disease-that-should-not-be-missed
#18
Jeffrey Berinstein, Alisa Likhitsup, Sai Charan Vedula, Hari Conjeevaram
Cryptococcal peritonitis is an under-recognized disease that is an important cause of mortality in end-stage liver disease. We report a 43-year old male with decompensated cirrhosis secondary to refractory autoimmune hepatitis on immunosuppression with hepatocellular carcinoma who developed cryptococcal peritonitis. The patient subsequently developed ischemic bowel and multisystem organ failure secondary to abdominal compartment syndrome, leading to rapid deterioration and death. Frequently, these patients experience delays in diagnosis and treatment, which leads to a rapid and high mortality...
December 21, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477687/postoperative-development-of-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-among-patients-undergoing-endovascular-aortic-repair-for-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#19
Elizabeth Miranda, Miguel Manzur, Sukgu Han, Sung Wan Ham, Fred A Weaver, Vincent L Rowe
BACKGROUND: Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) has a reported incidence of 9%-14% among trauma patients. However, in patients with similar hemodynamic changes, the incidence of ACS remains unclear. Our aim was to determine the incidence of ACS among patients undergoing endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAAs) and to identify associated risk factors. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed for consecutive patients who underwent EVAR for rAAA from March 2010 to November 2016 at our institution...
May 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458229/primary-closure-versus-bedside-silo-and-delayed-closure-for-gastroschisis-a-truncated-prospective-randomized-trial
#20
Ashwini S Poola, Pablo Aguayo, Jason D Fraser, Richard J Hendrickson, Katrina L Weaver, Katherine W Gonzalez, Shawn D St Peter
BACKGROUND:  We report a prospective randomized trial comparing primary closure (PC) to bedside silo and delayed closure (DC) for babies with gastroschisis. METHODS:  Patients were randomized to PC versus DC. We excluded those with atresia/necrosis, <34 weeks' gestation, or congenital anomalies. The primary outcome was length of stay (LOS). RESULTS:  A total of 38 patients were included from August 2011 to August 2016; 18 patients underwent DC and 20 PC...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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