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Abdominal Compartment Syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925916/necrotizing-pancreatitis-resulting-in-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-a-case-report-from-a-remote-northern-hospital-and-literature-review
#1
Dominika Jegen, Ren Ee Choo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922702/impending-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-from-a-giant-ovarian-cyst-torsion
#2
Tae-Jun Kim, Yu-Ting Yeh, Karishma Zobair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919595/a-case-of-hepatorenal-syndrome-and-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-with-high-renal-congestion
#3
Hiroteru Kamimura, Takayuki Watanabe, Tomoyuki Sugano, Nao Nakajima, Junji Yokoyama, Kenya Kamimura, Atsunori Tsuchiya, Masaaki Takamura, Hirokazu Kawai, Takashi Kato, Gen Watanabe, Satoshi Yamagiwa, Shuji Terai
BACKGROUND Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a reversible renal impairment that occurs in patients with acute liver failure and advanced liver cirrhosis. HRS is due to a renal vasoconstriction that results from extreme vasodilatation. It is therefore a functional disorder, not associated with structural kidney damage. On the other hand, end-stage liver diseases are often complicated by massive ascites. Massive ascites may cause abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS), which includes impairment of renal blood flow, but there are no reports indicating that kidney lesions caused by ACS may pathologically contribute to end-stage liver diseases...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916127/open-thoracic-and-thoraco-abdominal-aortic-repair-in-patients-with-connective-tissue-disease
#4
Paula R Keschenau, Drosos Kotelis, Jeroen Bisschop, Mohammad E Barbati, Jochen Grommes, Barend Mees, Alexander Gombert, Arnoud G Peppelenbosch, Geert Willem H Schurink, Johannes Kalder, Michael J Jacobs
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The aim is to present current results of open complex aortic repair in patients with connective tissue disease (CTD). METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-border, single centre study. From February 2000 to April 2016 72 aortic operations were performed on 65 patients with CTD (41 male, median age 41 years [range 19-70 years]). Fifty-six patients (86%) underwent at least one previous aortic repair (71 open, four endovascular), including 33 patients (51%) operated before at the site of the procedure reported here...
September 12, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913787/mortality-rates-and-risk-factors-for-emergent-open-repair-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-in-the-endovascular-era
#5
Felice Pecoraro, Steffen Gloekler, Caecilia E Mader, Malgorzata Roos, Lyubov Chaykovska, Frank J Veith, Neal S Cayne, Nicola Mangialardi, Thomas Neff, Mario Lachat
The background of this paper is to report the mortality at 30 and 90 days and at mean follow-up after open abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) emergent repair and to identify predictive risk factors for 30- and 90-day mortality. Between 1997 and 2002, 104 patients underwent emergent AAA open surgery. Symptomatic and ruptured AAAs were observed, respectively, in 21 and 79% of cases. Mean patient age was 70 (SD 9.2) years. Mean aneurysm maximal diameter was 7.4 (SD 1.6) cm. Primary endpoints were 30- and 90-day mortality...
September 14, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905040/postrenal-acute-kidney-injury-and-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-associated-with-bladder-pressure-type-iii-rectus-sheath-hematoma
#6
Emre Bozdağ, Ebubekir Gündeş, Ulaş Aday, Hüseyin Çiyiltepe, Durmuş Ali Çetin, Selçuk Gülmez, Aziz Serkan Senger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894286/intermittent-hypoxia-induced-insulin-resistance-is-associated-with-alterations-in-white-fat-distribution
#7
Laureline Poulain, Hervé Mathieu, Amandine Thomas, Anne-Laure Borel, Chantal Remy, Patrick Levy, Claire Arnaud, Maurice Dematteis
Sleep apnea syndrome is characterized by repetitive upper airway collapses during night leading to intermittent hypoxia (IH). The latter is responsible for metabolic disturbances that rely, at least in part, on abdominal white fat inflammation. Besides qualitative alterations, we hypothesized that IH could also modify body fat distribution, a key factor for metabolic complications. C57BL6 mice exposed to IH (21-5% FiO2, 60 s cycle, 8 h/day) or air for 6 weeks were investigated for topographic fat alterations (whole-body MRI)...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880010/chronic-pancreatitis
#8
REVIEW
Jorg Kleeff, David C Whitcomb, Tooru Shimosegawa, Irene Esposito, Markus M Lerch, Thomas Gress, Julia Mayerle, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Vinciane Rebours, Fatih Akisik, J Enrique Domínguez Muñoz, John P Neoptolemos
Chronic pancreatitis is defined as a pathological fibro-inflammatory syndrome of the pancreas in individuals with genetic, environmental and/or other risk factors who develop persistent pathological responses to parenchymal injury or stress. Potential causes can include toxic factors (such as alcohol or smoking), metabolic abnormalities, idiopathic mechanisms, genetics, autoimmune responses and obstructive mechanisms. The pathophysiology of chronic pancreatitis is fairly complex and includes acinar cell injury, acinar stress responses, duct dysfunction, persistent or altered inflammation, and/or neuro-immune crosstalk, but these mechanisms are not completely understood...
September 7, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818179/multiple-trauma-and-emergency-room-management
#9
Michael Frink, Philipp Lechler, Florian Debus, Steffen Ruchholtz
BACKGROUND: The care of severely injured patients remains a challenge. Their initial treatment in the emergency room is the essential link between first aid in the field and definitive in-hospital treatment. METHODS: We present important elements of the initial in-hospital care of severely injured patients on the basis of pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed and the current German S3 guideline on the care of severely and multiply traumatized patients, which was last updated in 2016...
July 24, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780148/intraabdominal-hypertension-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-and-the-open-abdomen
#10
REVIEW
William Kirke Rogers, Luis Garcia
Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is the end point of a process whereby massive interstitial swelling in the abdomen or rapid development of a space-filling lesion in the abdomen (such as ascites or a hematoma) leads to pathologically increased pressure. This results in so-called intraabdominal hypertension (IAH), causing decreased perfusion of the kidneys and abdominal viscera and possible difficulties with ventilation and maintenance of cardiac output. These effects contribute to a cascade of ischemia and multiple organ dysfunction with high mortality...
August 2, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759427/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-for-patients-with-complex-abdominal-wounds
#11
Zhi Wang, Ming Bai, Xiao Long, Ru Zhao, Xiaojun Wang
The combination of open abdominal wounds and intra-abdominal infections is challenging to treat and often results in critical illness associated with high mortality. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of using negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) to manage complex abdominal wounds and summarize relevant treatment experiences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of records from April 2012 to May 2015 identified 13 hospitalized patients with open abdominal wounds complicated by intra-abdominal infections...
July 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733719/rare-complication-of-femoral-venous-catheter-malposition-abdominal-compartment-syndrome
#12
Julianna Svantner, Philippe Eckert, Nawfel Ben-Hamouda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694568/the-role-of-routine-measurement-of-intra-abdominal-pressure-in-preventing-abdominal-compartment-syndrome
#13
G Raghavendra Prasad, J V Subba Rao, Amtul Aziz, T M Rashmi
INTRODUCTION: Abdomen, a closed compartment, is prone to raised intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) in the postoperative period. After a critical value of ≥ 15 cm of water, IAP produces abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). ACS leads to reduced venous return, reduced cardiac output, and domino effect of organ dysfunction, leading to death. Hence, it is the need of hour to monitor IAP to pick up intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and ACS. This routine facilitates early institution of treatment measures...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661985/a-novel-approach-to-sealing-the-denuded-dermis-of-the-abdominal-wall-with-a-negative-pressure-wound-device-after-a-decompressive-laparotomy
#14
John Davis, Daniel M Caruso, Kevin N Foster, Marc R Matthews
The open abdomen is a well-known technique that is applied in a wide variety of clinical situations, including treatment of abdominal compartment syndrome, damage control laparotomy, and severe intraabdominal sepsis. Disease states such as Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis or extensive deep partial and/or full-thickness torso burns involving the abdomen often result in a complete epidermal and partial dermal loss. When ABThera Open Abdomen Negative Pressure Wound Therapy is attempted in these patients, the exposed subcutaneous tissue rarely allows for an adequate seal between the adhesive barrier and the denuded skin...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645454/uterine-diverticulum-with-fetal-leg-entrapment-a-case-report
#15
Nirmala Chandrasekaran, Mark H Yudin, Howard Berger
BACKGROUND: Uterine anomalies causing fetal complications are very rarely encountered in obstetric practice and thus pose a diagnostic dilemma. CASE: A multigravid patient attended the clinic for an ultrasound examination in the third trimester following a recent hospital admission for abdominal pain. Ultrasound imaging revealed a large uterine diverticulum in the right cornu of the uterus with evidence of fetal leg entrapment. Because of concerns of increased soft tissue edema in the entrapped leg, the patient was delivered at 35 weeks' gestation by elective CS...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638663/acute-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-following-extraperitoneal-bladder-perforation
#16
Ana Licina
Extraperitoneal bladder perforation is a known complication of a commonly performed rigid cystoscopy. If unrecognized, this complication can lead to continuous intra-abdominal fluid leakage with consequent organ function impairment and symptoms. This is the first case report in literature of a transurethral bladder perforation causing an acute abdominal compartment syndrome, which was subsequently managed conservatively with supportive management only. Case Presentation. We describe a clinical course of a 73-year-old Caucasian female whose initial acute presentation involved urinary symptoms...
2017: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616155/severe-pelvic-fracture-with-profound-hypotension-a-case-report-and-treatment-algorithm
#17
Chadwick J Knight, Igor Wanko Mboumi, Errington C Thompson
Approximately 9% of all blunt trauma patients suffer pelvic fractures. These fractures can range from insignificant and requiring almost no therapy to massive destruction of the pelvic ring with associated with multisystem injury and life-threatening hypotension which mandates the attention of the trauma surgeon, the orthopedic surgeon, the interventional radiologists and possibly other subspecialists. We present a case of a patient who presented to the emergency room in extremis from massive bleeding from a complex pelvic fracture...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614762/intra-abdominal-hypertension-and-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-in-pediatrics-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Farah Chedly Thabet, Janeth Chiaka Ejike
PURPOSE: To consolidate pediatric intensivists' understanding of the pathophysiology, definition, incidence, monitoring, and management of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS); and to highlight the characteristics related to the pediatric population. METHODS: This is a narrative review article that utilized a systematic search of the medical literature published in the English language between January 1990 and august 2016. Studies were identified by conducting a comprehensive search of Pub Med databases...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596928/pulmonary-embolism-due-to-inferior-vena-cava-compression-by-a-retroperitoneal-hematoma-after-endovascular-repair-of-a-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#19
Kota Shukuzawa, Naoki Toya, Yasutake Momokawa, Soichiro Fukushima, Tadashi Akiba, Takao Ohki
We report a case of a patient with a residual hematoma compressing the inferior vena cava after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), which led to a pulmonary embolism (PE). A 65-year-old man underwent emergent EVAR for a ruptured aortic aneurysm in the right retroperitoneal region. He developed sudden chest pain at midnight of the fifth day after EVAR, and computed tomography demonstrated a massive PE. He subsequently went into cardiopulmonary arrest. This case suggested that abdominal complications due to a residual hematoma, including deep vein thrombosis and PE, should be considered in addition to compartment syndrome...
2017: Case Reports in Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593784/abdominal-compartment-syndrome-secondary-to-acute-necrotizing-pancreatitis
#20
Ismael Mora-Guzmán, Juan Antonio Del Pozo Jiménez, Elena Martín-Pérez
Severe acute pancreatitis occurs in around 20% of patients and is associated with mortality rates between 8-40%. Abdominal compartment syndrome is a fatal complication that is associated with new organ failure or acute worsening of existing organ failure and has an associated mortality of around 60%. Intra-abdominal pressure measurements are recommended in patients with risk factors for intra-abdominal hypertension or abdominal compartment syndrome. Management should be based on a step-up method and surgical intervention may be indicated when conservative treatment fails...
July 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
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