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pyogenic abscess

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777536/periodontitis-and-dental-scaling-associated-with-pyogenic-liver-abscess-a-population-based-case-control-study
#1
Y-T Yeh, B-Y Wang, C-W Lin, S-F Yang, S-W Ho, H-W Yeh, J-Y Huang, Y-C Chang, C-B Yeh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between periodontitis, dental scaling (DS) and pyogenic liver abscesses (PLAs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A nationwide population-based case-control study was applied using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. We identified and enrolled 691 PLA patients, who were individually matched by age and sex to 2764 controls. RESULTS: Conditional logistic regression was applied to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aORs) in patients with exposure to periodontitis and DS before PLA...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759798/an-acute-nocardia-infection-in-a-pediatric-hand
#2
Garrett Steinmetz, Kenton Panas, William Puffinbarger
Nocardia species are aerobic gram-positive filamentous organisms that may cause cutaneous or pulmonary disease in humans. Primary cutaneous nocardiosis may manifest as an acute superficial pyogenic infection that can mimic more common organisms such as Staphylococcus or Streptococcus. Acute pyogenic Nocardia infection of the pediatric hand is a rare manifestation of this condition. We present a 17-month-old boy who presented with an acute abscess formation on his left fourth and fifth digits that was found to be secondary to Nocardia brasiliensis...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749337/pyogenic-hepatic-abscess-induced-secondary-to-toothpick-penetration-of-stomach
#3
Dev-Aur Chou, Min-Chang Hung, Ji-Ching Lai, Wayne Shih-Wei Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742700/characteristics-and-management-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess-a-european-experience
#4
Cristina Serraino, Chiara Elia, Christian Bracco, Gianluca Rinaldi, Fulvio Pomero, Alberto Silvestri, Remo Melchio, Luigi Maria Fenoglio
Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) are space-occupying lesions in the liver associated with high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to review an Italian hospital experience in epidemiological, clinical patterns, and management of PLA.We performed a retrospective, descriptive case series at a single center assessing demographic characteristics, presentation patterns, etiological factors, microbiological etiology, and management for patients treated for PLA between 2000 and 2016.Around 109 patients were identified...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707524/the-value-of-ozone-in-ct-guided-drainage-of-multiloculated-pyogenic-liver-abscesses-a-randomized-controlled-study
#5
Bing Li, Chuan Liu, Lang Wang, Yang Li, Yong Du, Chuan Zhang, Xiao-Xue Xu, Han Feng Yang
Objective: This study was designed to compare the effects of catheter drainage alone and combined with ozone in the management of multiloculated pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). Methods: The prospective study included 60 patients diagnosed with multiloculated PLA. All patients were randomly divided into two groups: catheter drainage alone (group I) and catheter drainage combined with ozone (group II). Drainage was considered successful when (1) the abscess cavity was drained and (2) clinical symptoms were resolved...
2018: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707074/hepatobiliary-manifestations-and-complications-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Fotios S Fousekis, Vasileios I Theopistos, Konstantinos H Katsanos, Epameinondas V Tsianos, Dimitrios K Christodoulou
Liver and biliary track diseases are common extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), reported both in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, and may occur at any time during the natural course of the disease. Their etiology is mainly related to pathophysiological changes induced by IBD, and secondary, due to drugs used in IBD. Fatty liver is considered as the most frequent hepatobiliary manifestation in IBD, while primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is the most correlated hepatobiliary disorder and is more prevalent in patients with ulcerative colitis...
April 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692584/diagnostic-challenges-of-tubercular-lesions-of-breast
#7
Zeeba Shamim Jairajpuri, Sujata Jetley, Safia Rana, Shaan Khetrapal, Sabina Khan, Mohammad Jaseem Hassan
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) in the developing countries presents with both pulmonary and extrapulmonary manifestations. Breast TB, however, remains a rare presentation. Its importance lies in the fact that it may mimic malignancy or present as inflammatory lump/abscess. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to highlight the importance of breast TB and its diagnostic challenges. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a retrospective study conducted at a tertiary care hospital, over 2 years between 2013 and 2015 during which eight cases of breast lesions were diagnosed as of tubercular origin...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670926/-clostridium-tertium-an-unusual-cause-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess
#8
Mohamed Barakat, Steven Hernandez, Janeeka Benoit, Seyedmohammad Pourshahid, Yusufal Mamoon, George T Martin
Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is the result of portal vein pyemia, which usually originates from the hepatobiliary system or the gastrointestinal tract. Gram-negative organisms are the most common causative pathogens in PLA. Clostridium tertium is an anaerobic gram-positive, low-virulence organism that most commonly affects neutropenic patients with hematological malignancy and has not been reported to cause PLA. We report an unusual presentation of a C. tertium infection as a PLA in a previously healthy, immunocompetent patient with no identifiable source of portal pyemia...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670792/pyogenic-spondylitis-caused-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-associated-with-tracheostomy-followed-by-resection-of-ossification-of-the-anterior-longitudinal-ligament
#9
Michio Hongo, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Masashi Fujii, Yuji Kasukawa, Yoshinori Ishikawa, Daisuke Kudo, Yoichi Shimada
Symptomatic ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament (OALL) is rare. However, when the osteophyte enlarges and obstructive symptoms occur, the patient may require surgery. We present a case of pyogenic spondylitis caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus associated with tracheostomy followed by resection of OALL. A 69-year-old woman with OALL complained of dysphagia and suffocation, which was caused by prominent OALL at C4-5. Tracheostomy was performed, followed by osteophytectomy 6 weeks later...
2018: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600211/unusual-presentation-of-spinal-gout-2-cases-report-and-literature-review
#10
Wesley Ng, Cheuk Hang Sin, Chong Hing Wong, Wing Fat Chiu, On Ming Chung
Introduction: Gouty spondyloarthropathy is generally believed to be uncommon. Together with the fact that it can mimic a variety of disease entities, it imposes significant diagnostic challenge in our clinical practice. In this article, we report two patients diagnosed with spinal gout, and both were initially suspected to have a pyogenic infection. Case Reports: The first patient, a 66-year-old man, was admitted for fever and a short history of bilateral upper limb weakness...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568005/possible-bite-induced-abscess-and-osteomyelitis-in-lufengosaurus-dinosauria-sauropodomorph-from-the-lower-jurassic-of-the-yimen-basin-china
#11
Lida Xing, Bruce M Rothschild, Patrick S Randolph-Quinney, Yi Wang, Alexander H Parkinson, Hao Ran
We report an osseous abnormality on a specimen of the sauropod dinosaur Lufengosaurus huenei from the Fengjiahe Formation in Yuxi Basin, China. A gross pathological defect occurs on the right third rib, which was subjected to micro-computed tomographic imaging as an aid in diagnosis. The analysis of pathological characteristics and the shape of the abnormality is incompatible with impact or healed trauma, such as a common rib fracture, and instead suggests focal penetration of the rib, possibly due to a failed predator attack...
March 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565498/minimally-invasive-management-of-hepatic-cysts-indications-and-complications
#12
D Vardakostas, C Damaskos, N Garmpis, E A Antoniou, K Kontzoglou, G Kouraklis, D Dimitroulis
OBJECTIVE: Liver cysts are divided into congenital and acquired. Congenital cystic lesions include polycystic liver disease, simple cysts, duct related and ciliated hepatic foregut cysts. Acquired cystic lesions are divided into infectious and non-infectious. The infectious cysts are the hydatid cyst, the amoebic abscess, and the pyogenic abscess, whereas the non-infectious cysts are neoplastic cysts and false cysts. While modern medicine provides a lot of minimally invasive therapeutic modalities, there has emerged a pressing need for understanding the various types of liver cysts, the possible minimal therapeutic options along with their indications and complications...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547125/a-cat-bite-induced-skin-abscess-associated-with-bacteroides-pyogenes-identified-by-mass-spectrometry
#13
Hiroshi Umemura, Osamu Yamasaki, Keiji Iwatsuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545288/genome-sequence-of-corynebacterium-pseudotuberculosis-strain-km01-isolated-from-the-abscess-of-a-goat-in-kunming-china
#14
Huafeng Gao, Yuxing Ma, Qingyong Shao, Qionghua Hong, Guoying Zheng, Zhiming Li
Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is an acute, pyogenic, and contagious disease of goat that imposes considerable economic losses for farmers, and it is caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Herein, we introduce the genome sequencing of C. pseudotuberculosis strain KM01, isolated from an abscess of a Saanen goat from Kunming, China. The genome contains 2,198 genes, the total length of the genes was 2,337,666 bp, and the GC content was 52.18%. The number of tandem repeat sequences was 44, the total length of the tandem repeat sequences was 1,970 bp (0...
March 15, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536051/gas-forming-pyogenic-liver-abscess-a-world-review
#15
Coeway Boulder Thng, Yen Pin Tan, Vishal G Shelat
Backgrounds/Aims: Gas-forming pyogenic liver abscess (GFPLA) has an incidence of up to 30% of all pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA). GFPLA has higher mortality compared to non-GFPLA. Mere presence of gas within abscess may not determine clinical outcome. Hence it is important to study biologic characteristics that make GFPLA a distinct clinical entity. The aim of this study was to conduct a world review on GFPLA. Methods: We conducted literature searches in PubMed using the following MeSH terms: "gas forming" AND "Liver abscess, pyogenic", "gas" AND "Liver abscess, pyogenic", "gas" AND "Liver abscess", "gas forming" AND "Liver abscess"...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526959/infectious-hepatic-cyst-an-underestimated-complication
#16
Kazuhiko Morii, Takeharu Yamamoto, Shinichiro Nakamura, Hiroaki Okushin
Objective An infectious hepatic cyst (IHC) is a hepatic cyst complicated with secondary infection and is generally assumed to be rare. However, we have experienced no small number of patients with IHC in recent clinical practice. We therefore examined the incidence and clinical characteristics of IHC. Methods The medical records of patients with IHC who were hospitalized at our institution between January 2012 and December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Their demographic factors, biochemical, bacteriological, imaging, and treatment results were explored and compared with those of patients with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA)...
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526938/streptococcus-anginosus-group-associated-pyogenic-liver-abscess
#17
Kazuhiko Morii, Shigeyoshi Fujiwara, Shinichiro Nakamura, Hiroaki Okushin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517269/characterization-of-prevalent-bacterial-pathogens-associated-with-pododermatitis-in-table-egg-layers
#18
Rikke Heidemann Olsen, Henrik Christensen, Susanne Kabell, Magne Bisgaard
Pododermatitis has been observed in several layer flocks in Denmark during 2015. The aetiology is complex, including litter quality, nutrition and management. Bacterial pathogens associated with pododermatitis, however, have not received much attention. The aim of the present study was, therefore, to identify 106 bacterial isolates obtained from pododermatitis in table egg layers in addition to five isolates from spleen/bursa presternalis. Isolates were obtained from layers from six affected flocks. All isolates were identified by standard bacterial methods, species-specific PCRs, 16S rRNA sequencing or matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization identification...
June 2018: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502088/risk-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess-and-endoscopic-sphincterotomy-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Yen-Chun Peng, Cheng-Li Lin, Fung-Chang Sung
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the risk of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) in patients receiving endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES). SETTING: A population-based cohort study using data from Taiwans' National Health Insurance Research Database was conducted. Patients aged 20 or older who had undergone an ES were considered as the ES cohort. The dates for the first hospitalisation of the patients receiving ES were defined as the index dates. PARTICIPANTS: Patients in the ES and non-ES cohorts were selected by 1:1 matching ratio based on a propensity score...
March 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496466/risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess-in-adult-liver-recipients-a-matched-case-control-study
#20
Matias E Czerwonko, Pablo Huespe, Cristina M Elizondo, Juan Pekolj, Adrian Gadano, Laura Barcán, Sung-Ho Hyon, Eduardo de Santibañes, Martín de Santibañes
BACKGROUND: Adult liver recipients (ALR) differ from the general population with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) as they exhibit: reconstructed biliary anatomy, recurrent hospitalizations, poor clinical condition and are subjected to immunosuppression. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with PLA in ALR and to analyze the management experience of these patients. METHODS: Between 1996 and 2016, 879 adult patients underwent liver transplantation (LT), 26 of whom developed PLA...
February 26, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
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