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pyogenic abscess

Hiroshi Umemura, Osamu Yamasaki, Keiji Iwatsuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
Huafeng Gao, Yuxing Ma, Qingyong Shao, Qionghua Hong, Guoying Zheng, Zhiming Li
Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is an acute, pyogenic, and contagious disease of goat that imposes considerable economic losses for farmers, and it is caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Herein, we introduce the genome sequencing of C. pseudotuberculosis strain KM01, isolated from an abscess of a Saanen goat from Kunming, China. The genome contains 2,198 genes, the total length of the genes was 2,337,666 bp, and the GC content was 52.18%. The number of tandem repeat sequences was 44, the total length of the tandem repeat sequences was 1,970 bp (0...
March 15, 2018: Genome Announcements
Coeway Boulder Thng, Yen Pin Tan, Vishal G Shelat
Backgrounds/Aims: Gas-forming pyogenic liver abscess (GFPLA) has an incidence of up to 30% of all pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA). GFPLA has higher mortality compared to non-GFPLA. Mere presence of gas within abscess may not determine clinical outcome. Hence it is important to study biologic characteristics that make GFPLA a distinct clinical entity. The aim of this study was to conduct a world review on GFPLA. Methods: We conducted literature searches in PubMed using the following MeSH terms: "gas forming" AND "Liver abscess, pyogenic", "gas" AND "Liver abscess, pyogenic", "gas" AND "Liver abscess", "gas forming" AND "Liver abscess"...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
Kazuhiko Morii, Takeharu Yamamoto, Shinichiro Nakamura, Hiroaki Okushin
Objective An infectious hepatic cyst (IHC) is a hepatic cyst complicated with secondary infection and is generally assumed to be rare. However, we have experienced no small number of patients with IHC in recent clinical practice. We therefore examined the incidence and clinical characteristics of IHC. Methods The medical records of patients with IHC who were hospitalized at our institution between January 2012 and December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Their demographic factors, biochemical, bacteriological, imaging, and treatment results were explored and compared with those of patients with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA)...
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
Kazuhiko Morii, Shigeyoshi Fujiwara, Shinichiro Nakamura, Hiroaki Okushin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
Rikke Heidemann Olsen, Henrik Christensen, Susanne Kabell, Magne Bisgaard
Pododermatitis has been observed in several layer flocks in Denmark during 2015. The aetiology is complex including litter quality, nutrition, management etc. Bacterial pathogens associated with pododermatitis, however, have not received much attention. The aim of the present study was therefore to identify 106 bacterial isolates obtained from pododermatitis in table egg layers in addition to five isolates from spleen/bursa presternalis. Isolates were obtained from layers from six affected flocks. All isolates were identified by standard bacterial methods, species-specific PCRs, 16S rRNA sequencing or Matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization identification...
March 8, 2018: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
Yen-Chun Peng, Cheng-Li Lin, Fung-Chang Sung
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the risk of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) in patients receiving endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES). SETTING: A population-based cohort study using data from Taiwans' National Health Insurance Research Database was conducted. Patients aged 20 or older who had undergone an ES were considered as the ES cohort. The dates for the first hospitalisation of the patients receiving ES were defined as the index dates. PARTICIPANTS: Patients in the ES and non-ES cohorts were selected by 1:1 matching ratio based on a propensity score...
March 3, 2018: BMJ Open
Matias E Czerwonko, Pablo Huespe, Cristina M Elizondo, Juan Pekolj, Adrian Gadano, Laura Barcán, Sung-Ho Hyon, Eduardo de Santibañes, Martín de Santibañes
BACKGROUND: Adult liver recipients (ALR) differ from the general population with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) as they exhibit: reconstructed biliary anatomy, recurrent hospitalizations, poor clinical condition and are subjected to immunosuppression. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with PLA in ALR and to analyze the management experience of these patients. METHODS: Between 1996 and 2016, 879 adult patients underwent liver transplantation (LT), 26 of whom developed PLA...
February 26, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Liang Zhang, DaLong Wan, LeLe Zhang, ShiGuo Xu, HaiYang Xie, ShengZhang Lin
RATIONALE: Currently, percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) is regarded as the first-line treatment modality of pyogenic liver abscess. Severe complications associated with PCD were uncommon. Hepatic rupture is an uncommon but life-threatening liver trauma with high mortality. Its management is challenging because a delay in the diagnosis may lead to fatal hemorrhagic shock. To our knowledge, PCD-associated hepatic rupture has never been reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report herein a rare case of PCD-associated hepatic rupture...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There are no epidemiological studies focusing on the association between oral corticosteroid use and pyogenic liver abscesses. The aim of the study was to assess whether oral corticosteroid use is associated with increased odds of pyogenic liver abscesses in adults in Taiwan. METHODS: This retrospective population-based case-control study was conducted to analyze the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program from 2000 to 2013. Subjects aged 20 to 84 years with their first episode of pyogenic liver abscesses were assigned as the cases (n = 881)...
March 2018: BioMedicine
Kwang Soon Park, Sun Hwa Lee, Seong Jong Yun, Seokyong Ryu, Keon Kim
PURPOSE: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is an effective predictor of mortality in patients with for various conditions. To date, there are no previous studies on NLR as a prognostic marker for pyogenic liver abscess (PLA), especially on admission to the emergency department (ED). METHODS: From January 2013 to December 2015, 102 patients diagnosed with PLA in the ED were included. Clinico-radiological and laboratory results, including NLR, were evaluated as variables...
February 26, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Arian Lasocki, Rodney J Hicks
Technological advances have increased the ability of imaging to provide an accurate preoperative diagnosis of an intracranial mass. We present the case of a patient with metastatic paraganglioma, who presented with headache and depressed conscious state. We had chronic tachycardia and low-grade fevers due to increased catecholamine secretion, which limited his clinical assessment. The combination of novel positron emission tomography tracers and advanced magnetic resonance imaging techniques was able to provide a confident preoperative diagnosis of a pyogenic intracranial abscess, which was not suspected clinically...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Sudeshna Ghosh, Himanshu Narang, Pawan Goel, Prabhat Kumar, Manish Soneja, Ashutosh Biswas
Iliopsoas abscess (IPA) is an uncommon diagnosis in medical wards. Herein, we present two unusual cases of IPA. First patient was an elderly diabetic patient who had gas-forming bilateral IPA caused by Escherichia coli. This infection proved fatal and patient succumbed on third day of hospital admission. Second patient was a young boy who had right sided sacroilitis with IPA. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from the pus culture and patient was successfully treated without any sequelae.
February 25, 2018: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
Raúl Recio, Patricia Brañas, Fernando Chaves, M Ángeles Orellana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Lin H Chen, Karin Leder, Kira A Barbre, Patricia Schlagenhauf, Michael Libman, Jay Keystone, Marc Mendelson, Philippe Gautret, Eli Schwartz, Marc Shaw, Sue MacDonald, Anne McCarthy, Bradley A Connor, Douglas H Esposito, Davidson Hamer, Mary E Wilson
Background: Analysis of a large cohort of business travelers will help clinicians focus on frequent and serious illnesses. We aimed to describe travel-related health problems in business travelers. Methods: GeoSentinel Surveillance Network consists of 64 travel and tropical medicine clinics in 29 countries; descriptive analysis was performed on ill business travelers, defined as persons traveling for work, evaluated after international travel 1 January 1997 through 31 December 2014...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
Rebekah M Martin, Michael A Bachman
Klebsiella pneumoniae is a Gram-negative pathogen that has a large accessory genome of plasmids and chromosomal gene loci. This accessory genome divides K. pneumoniae strains into opportunistic, hypervirulent, and multidrug-resistant groups and separates K. pneumoniae from two closely related species, Klebsiella variicola and Klebsiella quasipneumoniae. Some strains of K. pneumoniae act as opportunistic pathogens, infecting critically ill and immunocompromised patients. These K. pneumoniae are a common cause of health-care associated infections including pneumonia, urinary tract infections (UTIs), and bloodstream infections...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Shota Myojin, Naohiro Kamiyoshi, Masaaki Kugo
BACKGROUND: Salmonella spondylitis is an uncommon complication of Salmonella infection in immunocompetent children. To prevent treatment failure and neurological deficits, it needs prompt diagnosis and sufficient effort to identify the causative organism. There are some options to identify the causative organism such as Computed Tomography (CT) guided biopsy or surgical debridement, however when to perform these invasive interventions remains controversial. CASE PRESENTATION: A 13-year-old boy presented with occasional high fever and lower back pain...
February 3, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Lihua Deng, Rong Jia, Wei Li, Qian Xue, Jie Liu, Yide Miao, Jingtong Wang
RATIONALE: Rhabdomyolysis is a well-known syndrome in clinical practice, although rhabdomyolysis caused by a liver abscess is rarely reported and the patient may lack symptoms that are associated with a primary site of infection. Early recognition of this possibility is needed to avoid diagnostic delay and facilitate treatment. We report the case of a 71-year-old woman with a Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP) pyogenic liver abscess who presented with myasthenia and tea-colored urine and also review the 77 reported cases of bacterial rhabdomyolysis...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xia Wu, Ying-Zi Ye, Chuan-Qing Wang, Ai-Min Wang, Lei-Yan He, Hui Yu
RATIONALE: Pyogenic hepatic abscess in children is a rare clinical condition. Hepatic abscesses caused by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus are extremely rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 6-year-old boy was referred to a tertiary children's hospital for a 6-day history of right lower abdominal pain and fever. Radiographic findings showed hepatic abscesses and soft tissue abscesses around the left femur. DIAGNOSES: Bacteriology of blood, hepatic abscesses, and soft tissue abscesses showed methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
José Daniel Ruíz Carrillo, Edwin Vázquez Guerrero, Mónica Cecilia Mercado Uribe
BACKGROUND: Orbital cellulitis is an infectious disease that is very common in pediatric patients, in which severe complications may develop. Etiological agents related to this disease are Haemophilus influenzae B, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Moraxella catarrhalis, which correspond to 95% of cases. Moreover, Streptococcus beta hemolytic and anaerobic microorganisms may also be present corresponding to < 5% of the cases. We present an uncommon case of cellulitis complicated by sub-periosteal abscess caused by Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A beta hemolytic streptococcus)...
March 2017: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
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