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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230452/prescription-drug-utilization-and-reimbursement-increased-following-state-medicaid-expansion-in-2014
#1
Nirosha Mahendraratnam, Stacie B Dusetzina, Joel F Farley
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) expanded health care and medication insurance coverage through Medicaid expansion in select states. Expansion has the potential to increase the availability of health services to patients, including prescription medications. However, limited studies have examined how expansion affected prescription drug utilization and reimbursement. OBJECTIVE: To compare prescription drug utilization (number of prescriptions filled) and reimbursement trends between states that did and did not expand Medicaid coverage in 2014, while accounting for known effects of expansion on Medicaid enrollment...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210082/multitarget-stool-dna-tests-increases-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-previously-noncompliant-medicare-patients
#2
Mark Prince, Lynn Lester, Rupal Chiniwala, Barry Berger
AIM: To determine the uptake of noninvasive multitarget stool DNA (mt-sDNA) in a cohort of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening non-compliant average-risk Medicare patients. METHODS: This cross sectional primary care office-based study examined mt-sDNA uptake in routine clinical practice among 393 colorectal cancer screening non-compliant Medicare patients ages 50-85 ordered by 77 physicians in a multispecialty group practice (USMD Physician Services, Dallas, TX) from October, 2014-September, 2015...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208098/-don-t-think-i-m-going-to-leave-you-over-it-accounts-of-changing-hepatitis-c-status-among-couples-who-inject-drugs
#3
Jake Rance, Carla Treloar, Suzanne Fraser, Joanne Bryant, Tim Rhodes
BACKGROUND: While the health-related benefits of intimate partnership are well documented, little attention has been paid to couples exposed to high levels of social stigma and exclusion. In this project we investigated an important site of stigma for partnerships by collecting accounts of changing hepatitis C (HCV) status ("sero-change") among couples that inject drugs. We explored what these accounts reveal about the meaning of HCV for these couples, and how this understanding contributes to our collective efforts at prevention and care...
January 31, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201956/hiv-screening-and-the-affordable-care-act
#4
Greg Carter, Christopher Owens, Hsien-Chang Lin
Men continue to bear disproportionate accounts of HIV diagnoses. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care act aims to address health care disparities by recommending preventative services, including HIV screening, expanding community health centers, and increasing the healthcare workforce. This study examined the decision making of physician and primary care health providers to provide HIV screenings. A quasi-experimental design was used to estimate the effects of the Affordable Care Act on provider-initiated HIV screening...
March 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201932/turkish-adult-children-as-caregivers-of-parents-with-alzheimer-s-disease-perceptions-and-caregiving-experiences
#5
Yagmur Ar, A Nuray Karanci
There is substantial evidence suggesting that Western and non-Western caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease have different caregiving experiences depending on the cultural values they adopt. Although family-centered constructs such as familism and filial piety have taken some attention, there is still a paucity of research on how cultural values and norms shape caregiving appraisals, coping strategies, and formal service use specifically in Eastern-oriented contexts. The aim of this study was to investigate Turkish adult children caregivers' perceptions of Alzheimer's disease and caregiving experience...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188795/maternal-imprisonment-economic-marginality-and-unmet-health-needs-in-early-adulthood
#6
Holly Foster, John Hagan
There is relatively little research on access to the health care needed by children whose mothers have been incarcerated, and even fewer studies of how effects of lack of access continue and cumulate as these children transition from living with parents, parent surrogates, or foster care into adulthood. We find in a nationally representative U.S. panel study (n=9418 participants from 1995 to 2007-2008 in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent and Adult Health) that young adult children of incarcerated mothers are less likely to receive the health care they need...
February 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182472/integrating-health-care-for-high-need-medicaid-beneficiaries-with-serious-mental-illness-and-chronic-physical-health-conditions-at-managed-care-provider-and-consumer-levels
#7
Jung Y Kim, Tricia Collins Higgins, Dominick Esposito, Allison Hamblin
OBJECTIVE: Policies supporting value-based care and alternative payment models, notably in the Affordable Care Act and the Medicare Access & CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015, offer hope to advance care integration for individuals with behavioral and chronic physical health conditions. The potential for integration to improve quality while managing costs for individuals with high needs, coupled with the remaining financial, operational, and policy challenges, underscores a need for continued discussion of integration programs' preliminary outcomes and lessons...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167725/little-evidence-exists-to-support-the-expectation-that-providers-would-consolidate-to-enter-new-payment-models
#8
Hannah T Neprash, Michael E Chernew, J Michael McWilliams
Provider consolidation has been associated with higher health care prices and spending. The prevailing wisdom is that payment reform will accelerate consolidation, especially between physicians and hospitals and among physician groups, as providers position themselves to bear financial risk for the full continuum of patient care. Drawing on data from a number of sources from 2008 onward, we examined the relationship between Medicare's accountable care organization (ACO) programs and provider consolidation. We found that consolidation was under way in the period 2008-10, before the Affordable Care Act (ACA) established the ACO programs...
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167720/grandfathered-grandmothered-and-aca-compliant-health-plans-have-equivalent-premiums
#9
Heidi Whitmore, Jon R Gabel, Jennifer L Satorius, Matthew Green
Many small employers offer employees health plans that are not fully compliant with Affordable Care Act (ACA) provisions such as covering preventive services without cost sharing. These "grandfathered" and "grandmothered" plans accounted for about 65 percent of enrollment in the small-group market in 2014. Premium costs for these and ACA-compliant plans were equivalent.
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155775/-oral-health-and-the-nurse-8217-s-role-in-qu-233-bec
#10
Hermina Harnagea
<ce:para>Various international health care organizations strongly recommend the implication of non-dental health care professionals in oral health. Consequently, nurses are currently often required to question their ability to manage patients’ oral health-related problems, as well as the very meaning of their management of patients in such situations. The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to the role of the nurse in the management of oral health. Professional associations and academic institutions involved in the development of nursing professional skills, and health policymakers involved in decisions concerning the geographical distribution of nursing personnel and adoption of laws in Quebec, act in a disconnected manner, independently from dental professionals and without taking into account the actual oral health care needs of the various categories of beneficiaries...
December 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152733/trends-in-cancer-care-with-the-affordable-care-act
#11
Robert Clell Miller
: 46 Background: Accountable Care Organizations (ACO), as proposed by the Affordable Care Act, will change the delivery of health care in the United States. ACO serve as a network of providers with primary care providers (PCP) set up as gate-keepers for referrals to specialists. Within the next several years, many trends will emerge and drive progress of change, requiring oncologist to take a lead role to adapt to the evolving landscape of health care. METHODS: Literature search of internet-based and academic sources for oncology and the Affordable Care, with a focus on ACO formation...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146037/the-veterans-choice-act-a-qualitative-examination-of-rapid-policy-implementation-in-the-department-of-veterans-affairs
#12
Kristin M Mattocks, Michelle Mengeling, Anne Sadler, Rebecca Baldor, Lori Bastian
BACKGROUND: Congress enacted the Veterans Access, Choice, and Accountability Act of 2014 [Veterans Choice Act (VCA)] to improve access to timely, high-quality health care for Veterans. Although Congress mandated that VCA must begin within 90 days of passage of the legislation, no guidelines were provided in the legislation to ensure that Veterans had access to an adequate number of community providers across different specialties of care or distinct geographic areas, including rural areas of the country...
January 31, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143914/pediatric-accountable-care-organizations-insight-from-early-adopters
#13
James M Perrin, Edward Zimmerman, Andrew Hertz, Timothy Johnson, Tom Merrill, David Smith
Partly in response to incentives in the Affordable Care Act, there has been major growth in accountable care organizations (ACO) in both the private and public sectors. For several reasons, growth of ACOs in pediatric care has been more modest than for older populations. The American Academy of Pediatrics collaborated with Leavitt Partners, LLC, to carry out a study of pediatric ACOs, including a series of 5 case studies of diverse pediatric models, a scan of Medicaid ACOs, and a summit of leaders in pediatric ACO development...
January 31, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142386/system-transformation-under-the-california-mental-health-services-act-implementation-of-full-service-partnerships-in-l-a-county
#14
Sarah L Starks, Paul G Arns, Howard Padwa, Jack R Friedman, Jocelyn Marrow, Marcia L Meldrum, Elizabeth Bromley, Erin L Kelly, John S Brekke, Joel T Braslow
OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated the effect of California's Mental Health Services Act (MHSA) on the structure, volume, location, and patient centeredness of Los Angeles County public mental health services. METHODS: This prospective mixed-methods study (2006-2013) was based in five Los Angeles County public mental health clinics, all with usual care and three with full-service partnerships (FSPs). FSPs are MHSA-funded programs designed to "do whatever it takes" to provide intensive, recovery-oriented, team-based, integrated services for clients with severe mental illness...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140730/branding-palliative-care-units-by-avoiding-the-terms-palliative-and-hospice
#15
Ying-Xiu Dai, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Ming-Hwai Lin
The term "palliative care" has a negative connotation and may act as a barrier to early patient referrals. Rebranding has thus been proposed as a strategy to reduce the negative perceptions associated with palliative care. For example, using the term "supportive care" instead of "palliative care" in naming palliative care units has been proposed in several studies. In Taiwan, terms other than "palliative" and "hospice" are already widely used in the names of palliative care units. With this in mind, this study investigated the characteristics of palliative care unit names in order to better understand the role of naming in palliative care...
January 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132720/kidney-disease-population-health-management-in-the-era-of-accountable-care-a-conceptual-framework-for-optimizing-care-across-the-ckd-spectrum
#16
Mallika L Mendu, Sushrut S Waikar, Sandhya K Rao
Since its passage in 2010, the Affordable Care Act has led to the creation of numerous accountable care organizations that face the challenge of transforming the traditional care delivery model to provide more patient-centered, high-quality, and low-cost care. Complex patients, including those with chronic kidney disease (CKD), present the most challenges and opportunities. CKD is a condition with significant morbidity, mortality, and cost and thought to be partly secondary to known gaps in care delivery. Successful population management for CKD requires consideration of the needs of patients at all phases of the disease...
January 23, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129771/equity-aspects-of-the-primary-health-care-choice-reform-in-sweden-a-scoping-review
#17
Bo Burström, Kristina Burström, Gunnar Nilsson, Göran Tomson, Margaret Whitehead, Ulrika Winblad
BACKGROUND: Good health and equal health care are the cornerstones of the Swedish Health and Medical Service Act. Recent studies show that the average level of health, measured as longevity, improves in Sweden, however, social inequalities in health remain a major issue. An important issue is how health care services can contribute to reducing inequalities in health, and the impact of a recent Primary Health Care (PHC) Choice Reform in this respect. This paper presents the findings of a review of the existing evidence on impacts of these reforms...
January 28, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125455/the-role-of-accountable-care-organization-affiliation-and-ownership-in-promoting-physician-practice-participation-in-quality-improvement-collaboratives
#18
Vanessa B Hurley, Hector P Rodriguez, Stephen M Shortell
BACKGROUND: Quality improvement collaboratives (QICs) have emerged as an important strategy to improve processes and outcomes of clinical care through interorganizational learning. Little is known about the organizational factors that support or deter physician practice participation in QICs. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine organizational influences on physician practices' propensity to participate in QICs. We hypothesized that practice affiliation with an accountable care organization (ACO) and practice ownership by a system or community health center (CHC) would increase the propensity of physician practices to participate in a QIC...
January 25, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123045/an-improvement-approach-to-integrate-teaching-teams-in-the-reporting-of-safety-events
#19
Alston E Dunbar, Marcie Cupit, Richard J Vath, Kyle Pontiff, Natalie Evans, Melissa Roy, Michael Bolton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patient safety events are underreported by physicians. Baseline data demonstrated that physicians submitted 3% of event reports at Our Lady of the Lake Children's Hospital. Our aim was to increase the proportion of safety reports filed by residents and faculty to 6% of all reports within a 9-month period. METHODS: We used the Model for Improvement and serial Plan, Do, Study, Act cycles to test interventions we hypothesized would improve physician recognition and reporting of patient safety events...
January 25, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122843/patient-centred-outcomes-research-brave-new-world-meets-old-institutional-policies
#20
Jessica S Chung, Henry N Young, Megan A Moreno, Harald Kliems, Elizabeth D Cox
BACKGROUND: Engaging patients across the research trajectory supports research that is generalizable, high quality, timely and actionable. However, this approach comes with challenges and opportunities as investigators and engaged patient stakeholders encounter institutional policies around patient engagement, privacy and research participant protection. OBJECTIVE: To describe the resolution and impact of quandaries arising when patient stakeholders' values and preferences conflicted with institutional policies...
January 24, 2017: Family Practice
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