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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334362/investigation-of-resistance-switching-in-siox-rram-cells-using-a-3d-multi-scale-kinetic-monte-carlo-simulator
#1
Toufik Sadi, Adnan Mehonic, Luca Montesi, Mark Buckwell, Anthony Kenyon, Asen Asenov
We employ an advanced three-dimensional (3D) electro-thermal simulator to explore the physics and potential of oxide-based resistive random-access memory (RRAM) cells. The physical simulation model has been developed recently, and couples a kinetic Monte Carlo study of electron and ionic transport to the self-heating phenomenon while accounting carefully for the physics of vacancy generation and recombination, and trapping mechanisms. The simulation framework successfully captures resistance switching, including the electroforming, set and reset processes, by modeling the dynamics of conductive filaments in the 3D space...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329559/simplification-of-medications-prescribed-to-long-term-care-residents-simpler-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Janet K Sluggett, Esa Y H Chen, Jenni Ilomäki, Megan Corlis, Sarah N Hilmer, Jan Van Emden, Choon Ean Ooi, Kim-Huong Nguyen, Tracy Comans, Michelle Hogan, Tessa Caporale, Susan Edwards, Lyntara Quirke, Allan Patching, J Simon Bell
BACKGROUND: Complex medication regimens are highly prevalent in residential aged care facilities (RACFs). Strategies to reduce unnecessary complexity may be valuable because complex medication regimens can be burdensome for residents and are costly in terms of nursing time. The aim of this study is to investigate application of a structured process to simplify medication administration in RACFs. METHODS: SImplification of Medications Prescribed to Long-tErm care Residents (SIMPLER) is a non-blinded, matched-pair, cluster randomised controlled trial of a single multidisciplinary intervention to simplify medication regimens...
January 12, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303825/the-relationship-of-hospital-ceo-characteristics-to-patient-experience-scores
#3
Christina Galstian, Larry Hearld, Stephen J O'Connor, Nancy Borkowski
Efforts by hospitals to improve patient experience continue as changes in policy such as the Affordable Care Act of 2010 have made patient experience a cornerstone of promoting greater value in the United States. Hospital CEOs play an important role in promoting positive patient experiences as they set the organizational vision and strategic goals and can execute change to support positive experiences.This study assessed whether three CEO characteristics-education, tenure with the organization, and gender-were associated with patient experience scores of California hospitals in 2013 and 2014...
January 2018: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283073/patients-illness-perceptions-of-type-2-diabetes-a-scoping-review
#4
Elena D Dimova, Ashleigh Ward, Vivien Swanson, Josie Mm Evans
BACKGROUND: People's personal perceptions, or illness representations, of type 2 diabetes can act as barriers to successful self-management. INTRODUCTION: Understanding patients' subjective perceptions of type 2 diabetes can aid the design of evidence-based care and appropriate educational programmes. This scoping review provides a narrative account of previous knowledge of patients' illness representations of type 2 diabetes. METHOD: Quantitative and qualitative studies that explored patients' illness representations of type 2 diabetes, as defined by Leventhal's Common Sense Model, were included...
December 27, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281980/who-is-on-the-primary-care-team-professionals-perceptions-of-the-conceptualization-of-teams-and-the-underlying-factors-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Kirti D Doekhie, Martina Buljac-Samardzic, Mathilde M H Strating, Jaap Paauwe
BACKGROUND: Due to the growing prevalence of elderly patients with multi-morbidity living at home, there is an increasing need for primary care professionals from different disciplinary backgrounds to collaborate as primary care teams. However, it is unclear how primary care professionals conceptualize teams and what underlying factors influence their perception of being part of a team. Our research question is: What are primary care professionals' perceptions of teams and team membership among primary care disciplines and what factors influence their perceptions? METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods study in the Dutch primary care setting...
December 28, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281166/a-potential-human-rights-act-in-queensland-and-inclusion-of-the-right-to-health
#6
Claire E Brolan, Lisa Herron, Anna Carney, Eva M Fritz, Judy James, Miranda Margetts
OBJECTIVE: To identify the level of public support for a Human Rights Act for Queensland (HRAQ) and for inclusion of the right to health by participants in a public inquiry process. METHODS: We reviewed the 492 written submissions to the Legal Affairs and Community Safety Committee's Inquiry into a potential HRAQ and the transcripts documenting the public hearings held by the Committee in 2016. RESULTS: A total of 465 written submissions were analysed; 419 (90%) were for a HRAQ...
December 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248142/impact-of-e-alert-systems-on-the-care-of-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#7
REVIEW
Crystal M Breighner, Kianoush B Kashani
With the recent advancement in electronic health record systems and meaningful use of information technology incentive programs (i.e., the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act, and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services), interest in clinical decision support systems has risen. These systems have been used to examine a variety of different syndromes with variable reported effects. In recent years, electronic alerts (e-alerts) have been implemented at various institutions to decrease the morbidity associated with acute kidney injury (AKI)...
September 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239587/redefining-medical-care
#8
Lauren R Roth
President Donald J. Trump has said he will repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and replace it with health savings accounts (HSAs). Conservatives have long preferred individual accounts to meet social welfare needs instead of more traditional entitlement programs. The types of "medical care" that can be reimbursed through an HSA are listed in section 213(d) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) and include expenses "for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, or for the purpose of affecting any structure or function of the body...
2017: Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236539/no-equity-no-triple-aim-strategic-proposals-to-advance-health-equity-in-a-volatile-policy-environment
#9
Geoffrey W Wilkinson, Alan Sager, Sara Selig, Richard Antonelli, Samantha Morton, Gail Hirsch, Celeste Reid Lee, Abigail Ortiz, Durrell Fox, Monica Valdes Lupi, Cecilia Acuff, Madeline Wachman
Health professionals, including social workers, community health workers, public health workers, and licensed health care providers, share common interests and responsibilities in promoting health equity and improving social determinants of health-the conditions in which people live, work, play, and learn. We summarize the underlying causes of health inequity and comparatively poor health outcomes in the United States. We describe barriers to realizing the hope embedded in the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, that moving away from fee-for-service payments will naturally drive care upstream as providers respond to greater financial risk by undertaking greater prevention efforts for the health of their patients...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233123/impact-of-place-of-residence-on-place-of-death-in-wales-an-observational-study
#10
S R Ziwary, D Samad, C D Johnson, R T Edwards
BACKGROUND: Previous research in England showed that deprivation level of a person's place of residence affects the place of death and quality of care received at the end of life. People dying in their preferred place of death has also been shown to act as an indication for high quality of end of life care services and social equality. This study expands on current research to explore the effects of deprivation and place of residence on health related choices and place of death in Wales...
December 12, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232310/comparison-of-paliperidone-palmitate-and-risperidone-long-acting-injection-in-schizophrenic-patients-results-from-a-multicenter-retrospective-cohort-study-in-france
#11
Frédéric Limosin, Drifa Belhadi, Denis Comet, Maud Pacou, Sophie Bouju, Kristel Van Impe, Pascal Guillon
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: The study objective was to compare the impact of being treated by paliperidone palmitate (PP) or risperidone long-acting injection (RLAI) on the length of stay on initial hospitalization, rehospitalization risk, and treatment duration in schizophrenic patients. METHODS: We conducted an observational retrospective cohort study in 43 centers in France, including schizophrenic patients who initiated a treatment by PP or RLAI during initial hospitalization...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211503/national-health-care-spending-in-2016-spending-and-enrollment-growth-slow-after-initial-coverage-expansions
#12
Micah Hartman, Anne B Martin, Nathan Espinosa, Aaron Catlin, The National Health Expenditure Accounts Team
Total nominal US health care spending increased 4.3 percent and reached $3.3 trillion in 2016. Per capita spending on health care increased by $354, reaching $10,348. The share of gross domestic product devoted to health care spending was 17.9 percent in 2016, up from 17.7 percent in 2015. Health spending growth decelerated in 2016 following faster growth in 2014 and 2015 associated with coverage expansions under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and strong retail prescription drug spending growth. In 2016 the slowdown was broadly based, as spending for the largest categories by payer and by service decelerated...
December 6, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208620/impact-of-electronic-clinical-decision-support-on-adherence-to-guideline-recommended-treatment-for-hyperlipidaemia-atrial-fibrillation-and-heart-failure-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#13
Maya Elizabeth Kessler, Rickey E Carter, David A Cook, Daryl Jon Kor, Paul M McKie, Laurie J Pencille, Marianne R Scheitel, Rajeev Chaudhry
INTRODUCTION: Clinical practice guidelines facilitate optimal clinical practice. Point of care access, interpretation and application of such guidelines, however, is inconsistent. Informatics-based tools may help clinicians apply guidelines more consistently. We have developed a novel clinical decision support tool that presents guideline-relevant information and actionable items to clinicians at the point of care. We aim to test whether this tool improves the management of hyperlipidaemia, atrial fibrillation and heart failure by primary care clinicians...
December 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206357/understanding-uptake-of-an-intervention-to-accelerate-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-in-uganda-via-qualitative-inquiry
#14
Fred C Semitala, Carol S Camlin, Jeanna Wallenta, Leatitia Kampiire, Richard Katuramu, Gideon Amanyire, Jennifer Namusobya, Wei Chang, James G Kahn, Edwin D Charlebois, Diane V Havlir, Moses R Kamya, Elvin H Geng
INTRODUCTION: The Streamlined Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation Strategy (START-ART) study found that a theory-based intervention using opinion leaders to inform and coach health care providers about the risks of treatment delay, provision of point of care (POC) CD4 testing machines (PIMA) and reputational incentives, led to rapid rise in ART initiation. We used qualitative research methods to explore mechanisms of provider behaviour change. METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews (IDIs) with 24 health care providers and nine study staff to understand perceptions, attitudes and the context of changes in ART initiation practices...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203430/optimization-of-perioperative-management-of-proximal-femoral-fracture-in-the-elderly
#15
REVIEW
P Merloz
Proximal femoral fracture in elderly subjects is a major event that is life-threatening in the medium-to-long term. Advanced age, male gender and number of comorbidities largely account for high mortality and require geriatric expertise. Protein-energy malnutrition and bone demineralization increase mortality. Mortality can, on the other hand, be reduced by acting on two variables accessible to medical intervention: daily activities and nutritional status. Functional and neurocognitive assessment allow the risk of dependency to be evaluated, and global geriatric work-up can prevent sudden breakdown of homeostasis...
December 1, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200327/the-big-five-health-insurers-membership-and-revenue-trends-implications-for-public-policy
#16
Cathy Schoen, Sara R Collins
The five largest US commercial health insurance companies together enroll 125 million members, or 43 percent of the country's insured population. Over the past decade these insurers have become increasingly dependent for growth and profitability on public programs, according to an analysis of corporate reports. In 2016 Medicare and Medicaid accounted for nearly 60 percent of the companies' health care revenues and 20 percent of their comprehensive plan membership. Although headlines have focused on losses in the state Marketplaces created by the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the Marketplaces represent only a small fraction of insurers' members...
December 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197745/cancer-chemoprevention-revisited-cytochrome-p450-family-1b1-as-a-target-in-the-tumor-and-the-microenvironment
#17
REVIEW
Gabriele D'Uva, Denisa Baci, Adriana Albini, Douglas M Noonan
Cancer chemoprevention is the use of synthetic, natural or biological agents to prevent or delay the development or progression of malignancies. Intriguingly, many phytochemicals with anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic effects, recently proposed as chemoprevention strategies, are inhibitors of Cytochrome P450 family 1B1 (CYP1B1), an enzyme overexpressed in a wide variety of tumors and associated with angiogenesis. In turn, pro-inflammatory cytokines were reported to boost CYP1B1 expression, suggesting a key role of CYP1B1 in a positive loop of inflammatory angiogenesis...
November 11, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185250/management-of-hepatitis-c-in-decentralised-versus-centralised-drug-substitution-programmes-and-minimally-invasive-point-of-care-tests-to-close-gaps-in-the-hcv-cascade
#18
Andrea Bregenzer, Anna Conen, Jürg Knuchel, Andrée Friedl, Franz Eigenmann, Martin Näf, Peter Ackle, Martin Roth, Christoph Andreas Fux
BACKGROUND: In Switzerland, intravenous drug use accounts for the majority of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. Early HCV treatment prevents further transmissions and reduces morbidity and mortality due to decompensated liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Nevertheless, patients in drug substitution programmes are often insufficiently screened and treated. AIM: The aim was to compare the current state of HCV management in centralised and decentralised drug substitution programmes of the canton Aargau...
November 29, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174190/communicating-radiology-test-results-are-our-phone-calls-excessive-just-right-or-not-enough
#19
Zeeshaan S Bhatti, Richard K J Brown, Ella A Kazerooni, Matthew S Davenport
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the preferences of radiology and referring provider residents regarding direct communication of radiology test results. METHODS: This Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant quality improvement effort was exempt from institutional review board oversight. An anonymous survey was emailed to 44 radiology residents and 364 referring resident providers who routinely provide or receive direct communication of test results at our quaternary care medical center...
November 23, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167886/payment-reform-to-enhance-collaboration-of-primary-care-and-cardiology-a-review
#20
Steven A Farmer, Paul N Casale, Linda D Gillam, John S Rumsfeld, Shari Erickson, Neil M Kirschner, Kevin de Regnier, Bruce R Williams, R Shawn Martin, Mark B McClellan
Importance: The US health care system faces an unsustainable trajectory of high costs and inconsistent outcomes. The fee-for-service payment model has contributed to inefficiency, and new payment methods are a promising approach to improving value. Health reforms are needed to increase patient access, reduce costs, and improve health care quality, and the landmark Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act presents a roadmap for reform. The product of a collaboration between primary care and cardiology clinicians, this review describes a conceptual approach to delivery and payment reforms that aim to better support primary care-cardiology comanagement of chronic cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
November 22, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
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