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herpes zoster ophthalmicus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785316/a-pediatric-case-of-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-onset-following-varicella-zoster-ophthalmicus-with-optic-neuritis
#1
Naoko Shiba, Yuji Inaba, Mitsuo Motobayashi, Makoto Nishioka, Yoichiro Kawasaki, Shunsuke Noda, Hiroki Matsuura, Norimoto Kobayashi, Takafumi Matsuoka, Akinori Nakamura, Yozo Nakazawa
Some epidemiological studies have implied a pathogenetic association between varicella zoster virus (VZV) and multiple sclerosis (MS); this, however, remains controversial. The present report describes a case involving an immunocompetent 10-year-old girl who developed relapsing-remitting MS following the prolonged reactivation of VZV inside the first branch of the trigeminal nerve, exhibiting herpes zoster ophthalmicus with severe optic neuritis. Symptoms related to herpes zoster ophthalmicus and MS appeared consecutively in the 10-week period after the appearance of vesicles...
2018: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754069/high-resolution-vessel-wall-mri-and-vasculopathy-related-to-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus
#2
Jae W Song, Sam Ojeda, Javier M Romero
Varicella zoster virus is a common viral infection with over 50% of patients over the age of 80 years infected with the virus. Following reactivation, some patients succumb to complications of VZV reactivation with neurologic and optic pathway pathology such as VZV vasculopathy resulting in transient ischemic attacks, strokes, aneurysms, as well as optic neuritis. We show that high resolution vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging can aid in the diagnosis of this condition with circumferential wall thickening and enhancement of the infected vessels...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741559/an-older-woman-with-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-complicated-by-orbital-apex-syndrome
#3
Guillaume Marie, Max Scheffler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717486/heightened-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-following-recent-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus
#4
Charles Grose
Strokes and stroke-related deaths are increasing around the world1 . Stroke is not a single entity. Stroke can be divided into two major groups: Ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. The majority of strokes are ischemic. Ischemic stroke is caused by a blocked blood vessel and hemorrhagic stroke is caused by a ruptured blood vessel. Ischemic stroke often requires an inflammatory process in a cerebral artery, which in turn leads to formation of a blood clot. The goal of this Commentary is to document increasing evidence that herpes zoster (shingles) can lead to stroke...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708930/management-of-chronic-complications-associated-with-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus
#5
Saujanya Vadoothker, Bennie H Jeng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) has the potential to cause significant visual morbidity and functional disability in patients with recalcitrant disease, keratitis, and postherpetic neuralgia. This article will review the current methods of prevention and treatment of anterior segment-related chronic complications of HZO. RECENT FINDINGS: HZO-related anterior segment ocular complications can range to include conjunctivitis, keratitis, and uveitis that can all be difficult to manage...
April 27, 2018: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702494/current-vaccines-for-the-prevention-of-herpes-zoster
#6
Allister Gibbons, Anat Galor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the recent advances in the prevention of herpes zoster. The recent Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of an adjuvanted subunit vaccine may have a significant impact on the prevention of herpes zoster ophthalmicus. RECENT FINDINGS: There are currently two commercially available vaccines for the prevention of herpes zoster: a live-attenuated vaccine and a new recombinant subunit vaccine. The latter has been shown to be more effective, have fewer contraindications, but requires two separate inoculations, has higher reactogenicity, and has only short-term postmarketing surveillance...
April 26, 2018: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668453/the-skin-and-the-eye-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-in-a-healthy-18-month-old-toddler
#7
Radka T Komitova, Oliana B Boykinova, Nina S Stoyanova
Herpes zoster, caused by reactivation of varicella-zoster virus, is uncommon in infancy. Even more uncommon is herpes zoster ophthalmicus, defined as herpes zoster of the ophthalmic branch of the fifth cranial nerve. Among healthy children, primary varicella-zoster virus infection during gestation as a result of maternal varicella or the first year of life is the major risk factor for development of herpes zoster in a relatively young age. Here we present an unusual case of herpes zoster ophthalmicus with dissemination in an immunocompetent toddler with favorable outcome...
March 1, 2018: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599653/corneal-innervation-and-sensation-the-eye-and-beyond
#8
REVIEW
Alina Y Yang, Jessica Chow, Ji Liu
The cornea is one of the most densely innervated and sensitive tissues in the body. In addition to their important sensory functions, corneal nerves induce reflex tear production, blinking, and the release of trophic factors - all of which combined help to maintain the structural and functional integrity of the surface of the eye. Consequently, damage to corneal nerves as a result of disease, surgery, or trauma can lead to diminished corneal sensitivity, epithelial defects, and possible blindness. In this review, we describe commonly used tools that have provided considerable new information on corneal architecture and sensation in healthy and diseased corneas, with special emphasis on changes seen in herpes zoster ophthalmicus, corneal and other therapeutic ocular procedures, antiglaucoma medical therapy, aging, and diabetes...
March 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576898/orbital-apex-syndrome-secondary-to-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus
#9
Gamze Kocaoğlu, Canan Aslı Utine, Aylin Yaman, Süleyman Men
Orbital apex syndrome is a rare complication of herpes zoster ophthalmicus. A patient being followed in our clinic for herpes zoster ophthalmicus developed orbital apex syndrome in the second week of treatment. Clinical diagnosis was supported by magnetic resonance imaging. Treatment with systemic steroid and antiviral therapy resulted in total regression of ophthalmoplegia at 2 months. However, optic neuropathy-induced vision loss was permanent. This case report examines orbital apex syndrome secondary to herpes zoster ophthalmicus, which has rarely been documented in the ophthalmic literature...
February 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574434/herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-evolving-into-headache-characterised-as-hemicrania-continua
#10
Sanjay Prakash, Ankit Dave, Hemant Joshi
Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common chronic complication of herpes zoster infection. However, a few patients may develop different types of pain after herpetic lesions. We are reporting two patients who developed postherpetic hemicrania continua (HC). Case 1: a 54-year-old woman had a 10-month history of continuous left-sided pain with superimposed exacerbations. The pain started with the onset of herpetic lesions in the ophthalmic division. The lesions subsided in a few weeks. However, the pain persisted and it responded exclusively to indomethacin...
March 23, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570133/small-vessel-vasculitis-in-herpes-zoster-discussion-of-current-aspects-of-varicella-zoster-virus-vasculopathy
#11
Barbara Burgard, Sigrun Smola, Thomas Vogt, Cornelia S L Müller
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) vasculopathy was initially described as herpes zoster ophthalmicus with contralateral hemiplegia in 1896. VZV is able to infect endothelial cells directly, leading to a thickened intima and vascular remodeling due to inflammation. Therefore, a spectrum of vasculopathies is induced, ranging from a discrete capillaritis-to-granulomatous vasculitis and obliterative angiitis. Cutaneous vasculitic changes sui generis with leukocytoclasia, cell debris, vascular damage, and endothelial swelling are very rare feature of herpetic infections in skin biopsies...
March 21, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565203/management-of-herpes-zoster-shingles-during-pregnancy
#12
Khalea Hayward, Abigail Cline, Angela Stephens, Linda Street
An infection with the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) causes both varicella and herpes zoster (HZ). Although rare, the development of HZ does occur during pregnancy. Maternal HZ does not result in increased foetal mortality, and the passage of VZV to the foetus rarely occurs. However, HZ does increase maternal morbidity. Upon infection with HZ, patients typically present with a viral prodrome preceding the appearance of the characteristic zoster rash. HZ is usually diagnosed clinically by the zoster rash, but can also be confirmed by a polymerase chain reaction and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554007/case-series-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-with-acute-orbital-inflammation
#13
Eunoo Bak, Namju Kim, Sang In Khwarg, Ho-Kyung Choung
SIGNIFICANCE: Herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) has variable initial manifestations, and acute orbital inflammation may be the first sign without apparent zoster rash. This case series is significant for presenting diverse clinical features and treatment options of HZO with acute orbital inflammation. PURPOSE: To report a case series of patients diagnosed as HZO with acute orbital inflammation including two cases with unique presentations. CASE REPORTS: Medical records of four patients of HZO with acute orbital inflammation were reviewed...
April 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552667/herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-pre-eruption-phase-sine-herpete
#14
Rohini R Sigireddi, Lance J Lyons, Hilary A Beaver, Andrew G Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528885/acute-retinal-necrosis-and-contralateral-cutaneous-eruption-after-the-shingles-vaccine
#15
Amro Ali, Malka Davina Kirschenbaum, Sansar Sharma, Thaddeus L Wandel
PURPOSE: To the best of our knowledge, we present a rare case report describing an occurrence of acute retinal necrosis in an otherwise healthy individual who received the shingles vaccine. METHODS: Observational case report. PATIENT: A 63-year-old healthy and immunocompetent white man presented with change of vision in the left eye after blunt trauma. A diagnosis of corneal abrasion was made. During follow-up, a detailed history discovered a progressive deterioration in vision over the past few weeks...
March 8, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491333/-cerebral-infarction-related-to-varicella-zoster-virus-vasculopathy
#16
Satoshi Namitome, Seigo Shindo, Kuniyasu Wada, Tadashi Terasaki, Makoto Nakajima, Yukio Ando
A 14-year-old girl developed transient disturbance of consciousness, dysarthria, and clumsiness of the right upper limb 4 months after herpes zoster ophthalmicus. Brain MRI showed acute cerebral infarction in the left middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory. CT angiography demonstrated mild stenosis in the top of the left internal carotid artery and the proximal side of the MCA. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination showed slightly mononuclear pleocytosis (6/μl). Titer of the anti-varicella zoster virus (VZV) IgG antibodies in CSF was increased, and gadolinium-enhanced brain MRI (T1 -weighted imaging) revealed enhancement of the vessel walls at the stenotic lesions...
March 28, 2018: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469705/herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-with-associated-vasculopathy-causing-stroke
#17
Camila Antia, Leah Persad, Ali Alikhan
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is an exclusively human, double-stranded DNA virus. Primary infection causes varicella (chickenpox); later the virus becomes dormant in the dorsal root, cranial nerve, and autonomic ganglia along the entire span of the nervous system, retaining the capacity to reactivate and cause a variety of dermal and neurological complications. Recently there has been increasing recognition, both clinically and epidemiologically, of the relationship between VZV and subsequent strokes. Herein, we describe a case of a previously healthy individual with reactivation of VZV causing herpes zoster opthtalmicus along with devastating multifocal vasculopathy...
July 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274451/treatment-of-progressive-herpes-zoster-induced-vasculopathy-with-surgical-revascularization-effects-on-cerebral-hemodynamics
#18
Sarah K Lants, Jennifer M Watchmaker, Meher R Juttukonda, Larry T Davis, Manus J Donahue, Matthew R Fusco
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) is caused by reactivation of the herpes simplex virus in the trigeminal nerve. HZO-initiated cerebral vasculopathy is well characterized; however, there are no documented cases that report the efficacy of surgical revascularization for improving cerebral hemodynamics following progressive HZO-induced vasculopathy. We present a case in which quantitative anatomic and hemodynamic imaging were performed longitudinally before and after surgical revascularization in a patient with HZO and vasculopathic changes...
March 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166672/increased-risk-of-dementia-following-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus
#19
Ming-Chieh Tsai, Wan-Ling Cheng, Jau-Jiuan Sheu, Chung-Chien Huang, Ben-Chang Shia, Li-Ting Kao, Herng-Ching Lin
This retrospective cohort study aimed to examine the relationship between herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) and the subsequent risk of dementia using a population-based database. We retrieved the study sample from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005. The study group included 846 patients with HZO, and the comparison group included 2538 patients without HZO. Each patient was individually followed for a 5-year period to identify those patients who subsequently received a diagnosis of dementia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072860/clinical-profile-of-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-in-a-south-indian-patient-population
#20
Kalpana Babu, Padmamalini Mahendradas, Bhagya Sudheer, Ankush Kawali, Deepika C Parameswarappa, Vibha Pal, Mariamma Philips
PURPOSE: To analyze and compare the clinical profile of herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) patients in a South Indian patient population aged <60 years and ≥60 years and determine the risk factors for recurrence of ocular inflammation. METHODS: Retrospective study of 249 cases between 2006 and 2016 from two tertiary referral eye centres in south india. RESULTS: Out of 249 cases, 189 cases were <60 years (Group 1) and 60 cases were aged ≥60 years (Group2)...
2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
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