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herpes zoster ophthalmicus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072860/clinical-profile-of-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-in-a-south-indian-patient-population
#1
Kalpana Babu, Padmamalini Mahendradas, Bhagya Sudheer, Ankush Kawali, Deepika C Parameswarappa, Vibha Pal, Mariamma Philips
PURPOSE: To analyze and compare the clinical profile of herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) patients in a South Indian patient population aged <60 years and ≥60 years and determine the risk factors for recurrence of ocular inflammation. METHODS: Retrospective study of 249 cases between 2006 and 2016 from two tertiary referral eye centres in south india. RESULTS: Out of 249 cases, 189 cases were <60 years (Group 1) and 60 cases were aged ≥60 years (Group2)...
October 26, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054900/herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-in-a-1-year-old-child
#2
Zaid Makzal, Martin Edwards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023181/review-for-disease-of-the-year-varicella-zoster-virus-induced-anterior-uveitis
#3
Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun, Luca Cimino, Yonca Aydin Akova
Varicella zoster virus (VZV)-induced anterior uveitis (AU) may complicate the course of primary varicella infection typically seen in children. In adults, especially with advanced age, VZV AU is more commonly associated with herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) with or without skin rash affecting the distribution of the ophthalmic nerve due to reactivation of the latent VZV in the trigeminal ganglion. While it is typically a mild self-limiting AU in primary infection, HZO AU is often accompanied by keratitis, may have a chronic recurrent course, and lead to sectoral iris atrophy, pupillary distortion, and ocular hypertension...
October 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981391/posterior-scleritis-with-choroidal-effusion-secondary-to-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus
#4
Edmund Tsui, Soshian Sarrafpour, Yasha S Modi
PURPOSE: To describe a case of posterior scleritis with serous choroidal detachment that occurred as an acute complication of herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO). METHODS: Retrospective case report. RESULTS: A 75-year-old female presented with 3 days of painful, decreased vision in her left eye 1 week after being diagnosed with HZO. She had unilateral crusted vesicular lesions in the V1 dermatomal distribution and corneal pseudodendrites. Funduscopic examination demonstrated a large choroidal detachment in her left eye...
October 5, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932612/concomitant-intravitreal-ganciclovir-and-dexamethasone-therapy-in-the-management-of-acute-retinal-necrosis-in-a-patient-previously-treated-with-oral-famciclovir
#5
Chirag V Patel, Kamal Kishore
Several treatments have been reported for acute retinal necrosis (ARN). We report a case of treatment with intravitreal injection of ganciclovir and dexamethasone in addition to oral valacyclovir in a patient who was previously treated with oral famciclovir for ipsilateral herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO).
2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923503/in-vivo-confocal-microscopy-detects-bilateral-changes-of-corneal-immune-cells-and-nerves-in-unilateral-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus
#6
Bernardo M Cavalcanti, Andrea Cruzat, Afsun Sahin, Deborah Pavan-Langston, Eric Samayoa, Pedram Hamrah
PURPOSE: To analyze bilateral corneal immune cell and nerve alterations in patients with unilateral herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) by laser in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) and their correlation with corneal sensation and clinical findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective, cross-sectional, controlled single-center study. Twenty-four eyes of 24 HZO patients and their contralateral clinically unaffected eyes and normal controls (n = 24) were included...
September 15, 2017: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871477/-diagnostics-and-management-of-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus
#7
R N Werner, N-I Steinhorst, A Nast, U Pleyer
Herpes zoster (HZ, shingles) represents the secondary manifestation of an infection with varicellazoster virus (VZV). A reactivation of dormant VZV in the ophthalmic branch of the fifth cranial nerve leads to ophthalmic HZ (HZO). The predominantly older and immune compromised patients often present with eye involvement (approximately 50%) as well as characteristic skin changes. Clinical manifestations include the cornea and conjunctiva but anterior uveitis and (rarely) acute retinal necrosis may also occur...
September 4, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837183/keratitis-in-association-with-herpes-zoster-and-varicella-vaccines
#8
A P Grillo, F W Fraunfelder
The objective of this review was to collect reports of keratitis in association with herpes zoster virus (HZV) or varicella zoster virus (VZV) vaccines. HZV vaccination is intended for at-risk adult populations and VZV vaccination is intended for all pediatric patients. We reviewed the literature and reports of keratitis in association with herpes zoster or varicella vaccine from the National Registry of Drug-Induced Ocular Side Effects and the World Health Organization. Twenty-four cases of unilateral keratitis in association with VZV vaccines were collected from the adverse reaction databases and literature...
July 2017: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812959/periocular-manifestations-of-trigeminal-trophic-syndrome-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#9
Katherine A McVeigh, Morag Adams, Richard Harrad, Rebecca Ford
Trigeminal trophic syndrome (TTS) is a condition whereby persistent facial ulceration presents consequent to central or peripheral insult to the trigeminal nerve. Lesions are created by repetitive self-inflicted manipulation and trauma of dysaesthetic skin within the trigeminal dermatome. We discuss four cases with aetiologies varied from presumed microvascular compromise to resection of cerebral meningioma, cerebrovascular accident, and herpes zoster ophthalmicus. We discuss the management of the under-recognised associated periocular skin ulcerations that result from physical manipulation of dysesthic skin and prove to be persistent and challenging to treat...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749981/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-herpes-zoster-and-the-risk-of-cardiac-and-cerebrovascular-events
#10
REVIEW
Nathaniel Erskine, Hoang Tran, Leonard Levin, Christine Ulbricht, Joyce Fingeroth, Catarina Kiefe, Robert J Goldberg, Sonal Singh
BACKGROUND: Patients who develop herpes zoster or herpes zoster ophthalmicus may be at risk for cerebrovascular and cardiac complications. We systematically reviewed the published literature to determine the association between herpes zoster and its subtypes with the occurrence of cerebrovascular and cardiac events. METHODS/RESULTS: Systematic searches of PubMed (MEDLINE), SCOPUS (Embase) and Google Scholar were performed in December 2016. Eligible studies were cohort, case-control, and self-controlled case-series examining the association between herpes zoster or subtypes of herpes zoster with the occurrence of cerebrovascular and cardiac events including stroke, transient ischemic attack, coronary heart disease, and myocardial infarction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625469/herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-and-strabismus-a-unique-cause-of-secondary-brown-syndrome
#11
Kevin M Broderick, William R Raymond, John H Boden
Herpes zoster ophthalmicus can be associated with a variety of ocular and visual sequelae, including isolated or even multiple cranial neuropathies, potentially affecting the oculomotor, trochlear, or abducens nerves. We report a case of a secondary Brown syndrome following resolution of a unilateral isolated trochlear nerve palsy associated with herpes zoster ophthalmicus in an immunocompetent 57-year-old man.
August 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622058/herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-with-orbital-apex-syndrome-difference-in-outcomes-and-literature-review
#12
Jie Jie Lim, Yu Ming Ong, M Zain Wan Zalina, May May Choo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501259/risk-of-stroke-transient-ischemic-attack-or-myocardial-infarction-with-herpes-zoster-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Yanting Zhang, Ganfeng Luo, Yuanwei Huang, Qiuyan Yu, Li Wang, Ke Li
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence indicates that herpes zoster (HZ) may increase the risk of stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) or myocardial infarction (MI), but the results are inconsistent. We aim to explore the relationship between HZ and risk of stroke/TIA or MI and between herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) and stroke. METHODS: We estimated the relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) with the meta-analysis. Cochran's Q test and Higgins I(2) statistic were used to check for heterogeneity...
August 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410358/reactivation-of-herpes-zoster-keratitis-with-corneal-perforation-after-zoster-vaccination
#14
Andre Jastrzebski, Seymour Brownstein, Setareh Ziai, Solin Saleh, Kay Lam, W Bruce Jackson
PURPOSE: We present a case of reactivated herpes zoster keratouveitis of 6 years duration with corneal perforation requiring penetrating keratoplasty shortly after inoculation with herpes zoster vaccine (Zostavax, Merck, Quebec, Canada). METHODS: Retrospective case report. RESULTS: A 67-year-old woman with a 5-year history of recurrent unilateral herpes zoster keratouveitis in her right eye presented with another recurrence 2 weeks after Zostavax vaccination...
June 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367946/a-case-of-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-preceded-one-week-by-diplopia-and-ophthalmalgia
#15
Tomohiro Ota, Mineo Yamazaki, Yusuke Toda, Akiko Ozawa, Kazumi Kimura
A 66-year-old man presented with headache and ophthalmalgia. Diplopia developed, and he was hospitalized. The left eye had abducent paralysis and proptosis. We diagnosed him with Tolosa-Hunt syndrome and administered methylprednisolone at 1 g/day for 3 days. However, the patient did not respond to treatment. No abnormality was found on his MRI or cerebrospinal fluid examination. Tests showed his serum immunoglobulin G4 and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody titers were within normal limits. He also had untreated diabetes mellitus (HbA1c 9...
April 28, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360795/herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-that-mimics-the-sunct-syndrome
#16
Çetin Kürşad Akpinar, Hakan Doğru, Selvet Erdoğan, Kemal Balci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270112/a-meta-analysis-of-stroke-risk-following-herpes-zoster-infection
#17
Fawziah Marra, Jeremy Ruckenstein, Kathryn Richardson
BACKGROUND: The incidence of herpes zoster (HZ) is increasing and poses a significant health concern to aging populations. Several studies suggest an increased risk of stroke following zoster infection, but the results are conflicting. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine if stroke risk is increased following HZ infection. METHODS: A search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google scholar, Web of Science, CAB Direct, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Evidence Based Medicine Reviews was conducted for observational studies of adults with HZ infection that examined stroke and TIA risk from January 1, 1966 to May 31, 2016...
March 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248918/stroke-associated-with-varicella-zoster-vasculopathy-a-clinicoradiological-profile-of-3-patients
#18
Pradeep K Maurya, Dinkar Kulshreshtha, Ajai K Singh, Anup K Thacker
INTRODUCTION: Varicella zoster (VZ) vasculopathy is a rare but well recognized cause of stroke. In the absence of zoster rash and infection in remote past, the disease can pose diagnostic challenge. We report 3 cases of anterior circulation stroke occurring in close temporal relation to VZ. Their clinical, radiologic, and angiographic features are discussed. CASE REPORT: Of the 3 patients, 2 had stroke within a span of 4 to 6 weeks of herpes zoster ophthalmicus while the third patient had zoster of cervical dermatome...
March 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237946/orbital-apex-syndrome-as-a-complication-of-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus
#19
Anjali Chandrasekharan, Uppal Gandhi, Akshay Badakere, Virender Sangwan
Orbital apex syndrome is a rare neuro-ophthalmic manifestation of herpes zoster virus infection. We report one such case with favourable outcome in an immunocompetent patient. A 60-year-old woman presented with rash in the dermatome of the left ophthalmic nerve (V1), followed by sudden loss of vision with complete left-sided external and internal ophthalmoplegia. MRI of brain and orbits with contrast revealed optic perineuritis and myositis without intracranial involvement confirming the diagnosis of orbital apex syndrome...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061417/concurrent-hyphema-and-orbital-apex-syndrome-following-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-in-a-middle-aged-lady
#20
Khairuddin Othman, Li Min Evelyn-Tai, Mohd Noor Raja-Azmi, Muhammed Julieana, Ahmad Tajudin Liza-Sharmini, John Tharakan, Alwi Muhd Besari, Embong Zunaina, Ismail Shatriah
INTRODUCTION: Hyphema and orbital apex syndrome occurring concurrently in a patient with herpes zoster ophthalmicus have not been reported previously. We present a case with these unique findings and discuss the pathogenesis of these conditions and their management. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 59-year-old Malay lady with underlying diabetes mellitus presented with manifestations of zoster ophthalmicus in the left eye. Two weeks later, she developed total hyphema, and complete ophthalmoplegia suggestive of orbital apex syndrome...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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