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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087172/endothelial-function-impairment-in-stemi-patients-with-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-under-therapeutic-hypothermia-treatment
#1
Salvatore Brugaletta, Giancarla Scalone, Ana Paula Dantas, Luis Ortega-Paz, Manel Garabito, Mercè Roqué, Victoria Martin, Monica Masotti, Xavier Freixa, Manel Sabaté
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic hypothermia (HT) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest STEMI patients aims to improve their neurological prognosis, but it has been associated with slow coronary flow and cardiac thrombotic events. We sought to serially assess endothelial function during the first 48h after admission in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest STEMI patients, under therapeutic hypothermia (HT). METHODS: From January 2015 to August 2015, eighteen consecutive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest STEMI patients eligible for primary PCI received HT at admission and were included in the study (HT group)...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074304/evaluation-of-endothelial-dysfunction-in-patients-with-familial-mediterranean-fever-the-relationship-between-the-levels-of-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-and-endocan-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-endothelium-dependent-vasodilation
#2
Veysel Ozalper, Muammer Kara, Alpaslan Tanoglu, Ibrahim Cetındaglı, Coskun Ozturker, Yusuf Hancerlı, Serdar Hıra, Kemal Kara, Yavuz Beyazıt, Yusuf Yazgan
It has been suggested that there is an ongoing subclinical inflammation in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) patients also in attack-free periods as well. Due to this ongoing inflammation, endothelial dysfunction (ED) may develop. Previously, ED has been suggested to increase the risk of the atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Endocan is recognized as a specific molecule of the endothelium and has been shown to increase in some cases associated with inflammation. However, there is not sufficient data whether those with FMF could develop ED in the early period of life...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065188/flavanone-rich-citrus-beverages-counteract-the-transient-decline-in-postprandial-endothelial-function-in-humans-a-randomised-controlled-double-masked-cross-over-intervention-study
#3
Catarina Rendeiro, Honglin Dong, Caroline Saunders, Laura Harkness, Melvin Blaze, Yanpeng Hou, Ronald L Belanger, Giulia Corona, Julie A Lovegrove, Jeremy P E Spencer
Specific flavonoid-rich foods/beverages are reported to exert positive effects on vascular function; however, data relating to effects in the postprandial state are limited. The present study investigated the postprandial, time-dependent (0-7 h) impact of citrus flavanone intake on vascular function. An acute, randomised, controlled, double-masked, cross-over intervention study was conducted by including middle-aged healthy men (30-65 years, n 28) to assess the impact of flavanone intake (orange juice: 128·9 mg; flavanone-rich orange juice: 272·1 mg; homogenised whole orange: 452·8 mg; isoenergetic control: 0 mg flavanones) on postprandial (double meal delivering a total of 81 g of fat) endothelial function...
January 9, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061822/cardiovascular-risk-and-endothelial-function-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids-design-of-the-multi-site-longitudinal-endoafrica-study-in-the-western-cape-province-of-south-africa
#4
Hans Strijdom, Patrick De Boever, Gerhard Walzl, M Faadiel Essop, Tim S Nawrot, Ingrid Webster, Corli Westcott, Nyiko Mashele, Frans Everson, Stephanus T Malherbe, Kim Stanley, Harald H Kessler, Evelyn Stelzl, Nandu Goswami
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence of an interaction between HIV-infection, anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Epidemiological studies in Europe and North America have been observing a shift towards an increased incidence of coronary heart disease and acute myocardial infarctions in HIV-infected populations compared to the general population even after adjusting for traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Despite South Africa (and sub-Saharan Africa, SSA) being regarded as the epicentre of the global HIV epidemic, very little is known about the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and precursors of vascular disease in HIV-infected populations in this region...
January 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060190/pathophysiological-differences-between-multifocal-fibromuscular-dysplasia-and-atherosclerotic-renal-artery-stenosis
#5
Daan J L van Twist, Alfons J H M Houben, Michiel W de Haan, Peter W de Leeuw, Abraham A Kroon
BACKGROUND: Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) and atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) are the most common causes of renovascular hypertension. So far, FMD is believed to cause hypertension via similar mechanisms as in ARAS, that is, a decrease in renal blood flow, which subsequently leads to increased renin secretion. However, given the differences in the blood pressure (BP)-lowering effect of revascularization between patients with ARAS and FMD, we questioned whether this is true...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057563/uric-acid-and-endothelial-function-in-elderly-community-dwelling-subjects
#6
Andrea Ticinesi, Fulvio Lauretani, Gian Paolo Ceda, Carmelinda Ruggiero, Luigi Ferrucci, Rosalia Aloe, Anders Larsson, Tommy Cederholm, Lars Lind, Tiziana Meschi, Marcello Maggio
The role of serum uric acid (SUA), an inflammatory agent and potential mediator of cardiovascular diseases, in Endothelial Function (EF) has been tested only in middle-aged subjects affected by specific diseases. Our aim was to assess the relationship between SUA and measures of EF in a cohort of elderly community-dwellers. This study involved 424 males and 426 females aged 70years from the Prospective Study of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS), having complete data on SUA and EF assessed by flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and by intra-arterial infusion of acetylcholine (endothelium-dependent vasodilation, EDV) and sodium nitroprusside (endothelium-independent vasodilation, EIDV)...
January 2, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057366/endothelial-function-is-impaired-in-relation-to-alcohol-intake-even-in-the-case-of-light-alcohol-consumption-in-asian-men-flow-mediated-dilation-japan-fmd-j-study
#7
Nozomu Oda, Masato Kajikawa, Tatsuya Maruhashi, Yumiko Iwamoto, Shinji Kishimoto, Shogo Matsui, Takayuki Hidaka, Yasuki Kihara, Kazuaki Chayama, Chikara Goto, Yoshiki Aibara, Ayumu Nakashima, Kensuke Noma, Hirofumi Tomiyama, Bonpei Takase, Akira Yamashina, Yukihito Higashi
BACKGROUND: Heavy drinking should be a predictor of endothelial dysfunction. However, there is little information on the effects of light to moderate alcohol consumption on endothelial function. The purpose of this study was to estimate the effects of dose-dependent alcohol consumption on endothelial function. METHODS: We measured flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) in 2734 men aged 21-81years who provided information on alcohol intake at 3 general hospitals. The subjects were divided into 5 groups; non-drinkers (0g/week), light drinkers (>0 to 140g/week), moderate drinkers (>140 to 280g/week), heavy drinkers (>280 to 420g/week), and excessive heavy drinkers (>420g/week)...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056533/hemicrania-continua-in-carotid-artery-dissection-symptomatic-cases-or-linked-pathophysiology
#8
Roland Brilla, Matthias Pawlowski, Stefan Evers
Background Hemicrania continua (HC) -like headaches have been rarely reported as symptomatic headaches, including cases secondary to cervical artery dissection. Case series We present five cases of HC-like headaches following cervical artery dissection, in three cases with specific indomethacin response. In two cases, comorbidity of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) was noted. Conclusion Carotid artery dissection may result in an HC-like headache syndrome. A specific response to indomethacin does not rule out dissection as underlying pathology...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054454/epoetin-beta-pegol-ameliorates-flow-mediated-dilation-with-improving-enos-coupling-state-in-non-obese-diabetic-rats
#9
Kenichi Serizawa, Kenji Yogo, Yoshihito Tashiro, Ryohei Kawasaki, Koichi Endo, Yasushi Shimonaka, Michinori Hirata
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with diabetic nephropathy have a high cardiovascular mortality. Epoetin beta pegol (continuous erythropoietin receptor activator, C.E.R.A.) is a drug for the treatment of renal anemia. In this study, we investigated the effect of C.E.R.A. on vascular endothelial function as evaluated by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and the relationship between hematopoiesis and FMD in diabetic nephropathy rats. METHODS: Male Spontaneously Diabetic Torii rats (SDT, 22 weeks old) were used...
January 5, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052881/headache-outcomes-in-children-undergoing-foramen-magnum-decompression-for-chiari-i-malformation
#10
Saba Raza-Knight, Kshitij Mankad, Prab Prabhakar, Dominic Thompson
OBJECTIVE: A common symptom of Chiari I malformation (CIM) is headache, which is diagnosed using non-validated criteria from the International Headache Society (IHS). CIM-associated headaches should resolve following neurosurgical treatment of the malformation by foramen magnum decompression (FMD). We aimed to validate the IHS criteria and determine (1) the efficacy of FMD in treating headache and (2) whether duraplasty confers an advantage over simple bony decompression in the treatment of this symptom...
January 4, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042220/internal-carotid-artery-fibromuscular-dysplasia-in-a-child-incidental-postmortem-finding-after-head-injury
#11
Arulselvi Subramanian, Garima Aggarwal, Deepak Agarwal, Sanjeev Lalwani
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a rare, segmental, nonatheromatous, and noninflammatory arterial disease of unknown etiology. It predominantly involves renal artery (60-75%) followed by extracranial part of the internal carotid artery and vertebral arteries (25-30%). The disease typically affects middle-aged women and involves intermediate-sized arteries throughout the body. There are rare case reports of extracranial FMD compounding a trauma case. A patient was brought to trauma center emergency with a history of fall from height...
January 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041575/the-impact-of-major-depression-on-heart-rate-variability-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#12
Esra Aydin Sunbul, Murat Sunbul, Huseyin Gulec
BACKGROUND: Depression is an independent risk factor in cardiovascular diseases. Changes in the cardiac autonomic functions and pro-inflammatory processes are potential biological factors. Endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in the etiopathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of major depression on heart rate variability and endothelial dysfunction in patients with stable CAD. METHODS: The study group included 65 CAD patients with a diagnosis of major depression and 54 CAD patients without major depression...
January 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040311/foot-and-mouth-disease-vaccines
#13
Fayna Diaz-San Segundo, Gisselle N Medina, Carolina Stenfeldt, Jonathan Arzt, Teresa de Los Santos
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious disease of cloven-hoofed animals. The disease affects many areas of the world, often causing extensive epizootics in livestock, mostly farmed cattle and swine, although sheep, goats and many wild species are also susceptible. In countries where food and farm animals are essential for subsistence agriculture, outbreaks of FMD seriously impact food security and development. In highly industrialized developed nations, FMD endemics cause economic and social devastation mainly due to observance of health measures adopted from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE)...
December 19, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036158/premature-atherosclerosis-in-systemic-sclerosis-patients-its-relation-to-disease-parameters-and-to-traditional-risk-factors
#14
Manal M Sedky Abdou, Soha M El Desouky, Khaled M Helmy El Kaffas, Abeer M Ahmed Hassan
AIM: To detect premature atherosclerosis in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients and its relation to disease parameters and traditional risk factors. METHOD: This study included 40 SSc patients and 40 healthy age and sex matched controls. All patients were subjected to full history taking, clinical examination, relevant laboratory and radiological investigations. Doppler ultrasonography (US) of the common carotid was performed to measure intima-media thickness (ccIMT) and Doppler US of the brachial artery was performed to measure flow mediated dilatation (FMD)...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035431/cutting-balloon-angioplasty-cba-for-the-treatment-of-renal-artery-fibromuscular-dysplasia-fmd-in-six-patients-5-year-long-term-results
#15
Antonio Raffaele Cotroneo, Luigi Amoroso, Alberto Giammarino, Daniele Galasso, Francesco Taglialatela, Carmine Timpani, Daniela Gabrielli
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term outcomes in terms of hypertension control, recurrent stenosis, and reinterventions from patients who underwent cutting balloon angioplasty (CBA) for symptomatic renal artery fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2011, six consecutive renal artery FMD women underwent CBA for poorly controlled hypertension, despite antihypertensive therapy. Follow-up consisted of blood pressure monitoring and duplex ultrasonography at 1, 6, and 12 months and thereafter annually for 5 years...
December 29, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035343/effects-of-different-degrees-of-insulin-resistance-on-endothelial-function-in%C3%A2-obese%C3%A2-adults-undergoing-alternate-day%C3%A2-fasting
#16
Kristin K Hoddy, Surabhi Bhutani, Shane A Phillips, Krista A Varady
BACKGROUND: Obesity can have deleterious effects on insulin sensitivity leading to endothelial dysfunction. Whether alternate day fasting (ADF) can ameliorate insulin sensitivity in a way that improves endothelial function remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the impact of ADF on endothelium dependent flow mediated dilation (FMD) in obese subjects with different degrees of insulin resistance. METHODS: Obese non-diabetic adults (n = 54) participated in an 8-week ADF protocol (25% energy intake "fast day", alternated with ad libitum intake "feast day")...
October 27, 2016: Nutr Healthy Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032358/evaluation-of-the-brachial-artery-endothelial-function-in-chronic-alcohol-consumption-among-males-by-high-frequency-ultrasonography
#17
Runlan Luo, Jiaqi Shen, Qiao Zhou, Yue Liu, Guangsen Li
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence suggesting that different volumes of chronic alcohol consumption have different effects on the endothelium. Therefore, using high-frequency ultrasonography, we evaluate the effects of the different volume and duration of alcohol intake on brachial artery endothelial function in chronic drinkers. METHODS: Ninety-two male chronic episodic alcoholics were grouped by alcohol intake amount and duration: mild (group B, n=30); ≤90 mg ethanol daily, 3-5 days/wk for 5-8 years; moderate (group C, n=30); 90-150 mg ethanol daily, 3-5 days/wk for 9-20 years; and severe (group D, n=32); ≥150 mg ethanol daily, 6-7 days/wk for more than 10 years...
December 29, 2016: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032333/the-effect-of-%C3%AE-1-adrenergic-blockade-on-post-exercise-brachial-artery-flow-mediated-dilatation-at-sea-level-and-high-altitude
#18
Michael M Tymko, Joshua C Tremblay, Alex B Hansen, Connor A Howe, Chris K Willie, Mike Stembridge, Daniel J Green, Ryan L Hoiland, Prajan Subedi, James D Anholm, Philip N Ainslie
KEY POINTS: Our objective was to quantify endothelial function (via brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation) at sea level (344 m) and high altitude (3800 m) at rest and following both maximal exercise and 30 min of moderate-intensity cycling exercise with and without administration of an α1 -adrenergic blockade. Brachial endothelial function did not differ between sea level and high altitude at rest, nor following maximal exercise. At sea level, endothelial function decreased following 30 min of moderate-intensity exercise, and this decrease was abolished with α1 -adrenergic blockade...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031848/spontaneous-hepatic-artery-dissection-a-rare-presentation-of-fibromuscular-dysplasia
#19
Kevin Y C Su, Melanie L Stanhope, Brendan P W Kaufman
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a rare condition that causes structural compromise of the blood vessel presenting either as an incidental radiological finding, dissection or stenosis usually of the renal or craniocervical arteries. Seldom, patients present with spontaneous dissection in visceral arteries and there are few reports of hepatic involvement. This report outlines the case of a 43-year-old female who presented with severe right upper quadrant pain with a subsequent diagnosis of FMD manifesting as spontaneous hepatic artery dissection...
November 2016: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028513/evaluation-of-endothelial-function-in-exogenous-subclinical-hyperthyroidism-and-the-effect-of-treatment
#20
Sayed Mohammad Hosseini, Elham Khosravi Bakhtyari, Kiyan Heshmat-Ghahdarijani, Noushin Khalili
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHy) is a widespread condition in which cardiovascular manifestations are frequently occur, but there is still a debate about the vascular responsiveness in it. Measuring flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and intimae-media thickness (IMT) are used to evaluate endothelial function in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with a diagnosis of exogenous SHy and 25 full matched healthy subjects were enrolled. At first FMD of brachial artery and IMT of common carotid artery were obtained from all the participants...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
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