keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

FMD

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546466/changes-in-brachial-artery-endothelial-function-and-resting-diameter-with-moderate-intensity-continuous-but-not-sprint-interval-training-in-sedentary-men
#1
Ninette Shenouda, Jenna B Gillen, Martin J Gibala, Maureen J MacDonald
Moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) improves peripheral artery function in healthy adults, a phenomenon that reverses as continued training induces structural remodeling. Sprint interval training (SIT) elicits physiological adaptations similar to MICT despite a lower exercise volume and time-commitment; however, its effect on peripheral artery function and structure is largely unexplored. We compared peripheral artery responses to 12 weeks of MICT and SIT in sedentary, healthy men (age=27±8 years)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545441/association-between-antibodies-to-carbamylated-proteins-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#2
Francesca Romana Spinelli, Arbi Pecani, Francesco Ciciarello, Tania Colasanti, Manuela Di Franco, Francesca Miranda, Fabrizio Conti, Guido Valesini, Cristiano Alessandri
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients carry a high risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The excess of cardiovascular disease cannot be entirely explained by traditional risk factors and the immune system contributes to the development of atherosclerosis. Moreover, post-translational modifications such as citrullination and carbamylation have been linked to inflammation and atherosclerosis. Anti-carbamylated proteins antibodies (anti-CarP) are a new subset of autoantibodies identified in RA patients...
May 25, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537783/association-of-mild-to-moderate-reduction-in-glomerular-filtration-rate-with-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-postmenopausal-women
#3
Florina Parv, Andrei Beceanu, Rodica Avram, Romulus Zorin Timar, Bogdan Timar, Florica Gadalean
BACKGROUND: Due to loss of hormonal protective effects, postmenopausal women have an increased cardiovascular (CV) risk. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a well-established risk factor for CV disease, but little is known whether mild-to-moderate kidney dysfunction is associated with atherosclerosis burden in the postmenopausal asymptomatic women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subclinical atherosclerosis was evaluated in 125 postmenopausal women with no clinical form of atherosclerosis, by carotid and femoral ultrasonography, ankle-brachial index (ABI), and flow-mediated dilation (FMD)...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536463/tea-induced-improvement-of-endothelial-function-in-humans-no-role-for-epigallocatechin-gallate-egcg
#4
Mario Lorenz, Franziska Rauhut, Christine Hofer, Stefanie Gwosc, Eda Müller, Damaris Praeger, Benno F Zimmermann, Klaus-Dieter Wernecke, Gert Baumann, Karl Stangl, Verena Stangl
Consumption of tea is inversely associated with cardiovascular diseases. However, the active compound(s) responsible for the protective effects of tea are unknown. Although many favorable cardiovascular effects in vitro are mediated by epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), its contribution to the beneficial effects of tea in vivo remains unresolved. In a randomised crossover study, a single dose of 200 mg EGCG was applied in three different formulas (as green tea beverage, green tea extract (GTE), and isolated EGCG) to 50 healthy men...
May 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533260/relationship-between-monocyte-platelet-aggregation-and-endothelial-function-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-adults
#5
Andrew Haynes, Matthew D Linden, Elisa Robey, Louise H Naylor, Kay L Cox, Nicola T Lautenschlager, Daniel J Green
Low-grade inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and platelet hyper-reactivity to agonists are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. In vitro and animal studies infer an inverse mechanistic relationship between platelet activation and the production of endothelium-derived nitric oxide and prostacyclin. This concept is supported by evidence of an inverse relationship between endothelial function and platelet activation in high-risk cardiac patients. The aim of this study was to investigate what relationship, if any, exists between platelet and endothelial function in healthy, middle-aged, and elderly adults...
May 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522147/cardiovascular-risk-in-advanced-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-infected-patients-starting-antiretroviral-therapy-comparison-of-three-different-regimens-prevaleat-ii-cohort
#6
Paolo Maggi, Chiara Bellacosa, Armando Leone, Anna Volpe, Elena Delfina Ricci, Nicoletta Ladisa, Stefania Cicalini, Elisabetta Grilli, Rosaria Viglietti, Antonio Chirianni, Lara Ines Bellazzi, Renato Maserati, Canio Martinelli, Paola Corsi, Benedetto Maurizio Celesia, Federica Sozio, Gioacchino Angarano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: PREVALEAT (PREmature VAscular LEsions and Antiretroviral Therapy) II is a multicenter, longitudinal cohort study aimed at the evaluation of cardiovascular risk among advanced HIV-positive, treatment-naïve patients starting their first therapy. We hypothesized that these patients, present a higher cardiovascular (CV) risk. METHODS: The study included all consecutive naïve patients with less than 200 CD4 cells/ml starting antiretroviral therapy...
May 5, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515297/attenuation-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-by-engineering-viral-polymerase-fidelity
#7
Devendra K Rai, Fayna Diaz-San Segundo, Grace Campagnola, Anna Keith, Elizabeth A Schafer, Anna Kloc, Teresa de Los Santos, Olve Peersen, Elizabeth Rieder
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp or 3D(pol)) catalyzes viral RNA synthesis. Its characteristic low fidelity and absence of proofreading activity allows FMDV to rapidly mutate and adapt to dynamic environments. In this study, we used the structure of FMDV 3D(pol) in combination with prior results from similar picornaviral polymerases to design point mutations that would alter replication fidelity. In particular, we targeted Trp237 within conserved polymerase motif A because of the low reversion potential inherent in the single UGG codon...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507632/visfatin-versus-flow-mediated-dilatation-as-a-marker-of-endothelial-dysfunction-in-pediatric-renal-transplant-recipients
#8
Fatina Fadel, Hafez M Bazraa, Safaa M Abdelrahman, Mohamed Gamal Shouman, Marwa Khaled Sayed, Doaa Mohamed Salah, Aliaa Ahmed Wahby, Heba F Elgebaly
BACKGROUND: Renal transplantation (RTx) is the treatment of choice for paediatric end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A major cause of morbidity and mortality after RTx is cardiovascular disease. Independent predictors of cardiovascular events were shown to constitute an endothelial dysfunction (ED). This study aims to evaluate Visfatin serum level in comparison to brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) as a marker of endothelial dysfunction in paediatric RTx recipients. METHODS: Visfatin serum level has been evaluated in 30 patients on regular hemodialysis (HD), 36 patients post-RTx and 30 controls as a measure for ED, and has been compared to brachial artery FMD...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507418/spatial-pattern-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-serotypes-in-north-central-nigeria
#9
Yiltawe Simwal Wungak, Olayinka O Ishola, Babasola O Olugasa, David D Lazarus, David O Ehizibolo, Hussaini G Ularamu
AIM: This study aimed to determine the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) serotypes circulating, the prevalence of FMDV serotypes, and the spatial distribution of FMDV among sedentary and pastoral cattle herds in the North-Central Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken, during which a total of 155 sera that tested positive for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) 3ABC non-structural protein antibodies were selected and screened for FMD structural protein serotypes, A, O, SAT 1, and SAT 2 using a solid-phase competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500898/the-fact-not-to-ignore-mean-blood-pressure-is-the-main-predictor-of-increased-arterial-stiffness-in-patients-with-systemic-rheumatic-diseases
#10
Alma Čypienė, Jolanta Dadonienė, Dalia Miltinienė, Egidija Rinkūnienė, Rita Rugienė, Sigita Stropuvienė, Jolita Badarienė, Aleksandras Laucevičius
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the association between carotid-radial pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AIx), and flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery and factors potentially influencing them in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and systemic sclerosis (SSc). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 316 patients diagnosed with RA (32%), SLE (20%), SSc (16%) and 156 controls (32%) were included in the study. Parameters of arterial stiffness AIx and PWV were obtained using applanation tonometry...
May 10, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498505/autosomal-dominant-frontometaphyseal-dysplasia-delineation-of-the-clinical-phenotype
#11
Emma M Wade, Zandra A Jenkins, Philip B Daniel, Tim Morgan, Marie C Addor, Lesley C Adés, Debora Bertola, Axel Bohring, Erin Carter, Tae-Joon Cho, Christa M de Geus, Hans-Christoph Duba, Elaine Fletcher, Kinga Hadzsiev, Raoul C M Hennekam, Chong A Kim, Deborah Krakow, Eva Morava, Teresa Neuhann, David Sillence, Andrea Superti-Furga, Hermine E Veenstra-Knol, Dagmar Wieczorek, Louise C Wilson, David M Markie, Stephen P Robertson
Frontometaphyseal dysplasia (FMD) is caused by gain-of-function mutations in the X-linked gene FLNA in approximately 50% of patients. Recently we characterized an autosomal dominant form of FMD (AD-FMD) caused by mutations in MAP3K7, which accounts for the condition in the majority of patients who lack a FLNA mutation. We previously also described a patient with a de novo variant in TAB2, which we hypothesized was causative of another form of AD-FMD. In this study, a cohort of 20 individuals with AD-FMD is clinically evaluated...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495401/transcriptomic-analysis-of-porcine-pbmcs-in-response-to-fmdv-infection
#12
Fu-Rong Zhao, Yin-Li Xie, Ze-Zhong Liu, Jun-Jun Shao, Shi-Fang Li, Peng Zhou, Yong-Guang Zhang, Hui-Yun Chang
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a significant zoonotic infectious disease. It has an important economic impact throughout the world. As well, it is a considerable threat to food security. At present, the molecular mechanism of FMDV infection is not clear to a large extent. Innate immune response is the first line of defense against infectious diseases. The systematic analysis of the host immune response to infection has an important role in understanding the pathogenesis of infection. However, there are few reports about effect of immune regulation on virus replication in the interaction of virus and host cellular...
May 8, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492359/periodontitis-and-endothelial-dysfunction-periodontal-clinical-parameters-and-the-levels-of-salivary-markers-il-1%C3%AE-tnf-%C3%AE-mmp2-timp2-complex-and-nitric-oxide
#13
Marcela Faria Moura, Túlio Pinho Navarro, Tarcília Aparecida Silva, Luís Otávio Miranda Cota, Alcione Maria Soares Dutra Oliveira, Fernando Oliveira Costa
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis has been associated with a greater risk for arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACD). Endothelial dysfunction (ED) is a parameter of early ACD, and its association with periodontitis has rarely been investigated to date. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between periodontitis and ED by means of periodontal clinical parameters and salivary markers IL-1β, TNF-α, nitric oxide-(NO) and MMP2/TIMP2 complex. METHODS: Forty-seven individuals were divided into two groups: 24 individuals with chronic periodontitis and 23 individuals without chronic periodontitis...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480270/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-aspirin-effects-on-immune-activation-in-chronically-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-adults-on-virologically-suppressive-antiretroviral-therapy
#14
Meagan P O'Brien, Peter W Hunt, Douglas W Kitch, Karin Klingman, James H Stein, Nicholas T Funderburg, Jeffrey S Berger, Pablo Tebas, Brian Clagett, Daniela Moisi, Netanya S Utay, Fran Aweeka, Judith A Aberg
BACKGROUND: Immune activation persists despite suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and predicts non-Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) comorbidities including cardiovascular disease. Activated platelets play a key role in atherothrombosis and inflammation, and platelets are hyperactivated in chronic HIV infection. Aspirin is a potent inhibitor of platelet activation through the cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) pathway. We hypothesized that platelet activation contributes to immune activation and that aspirin would reduce immune activation and improve endothelial function in ART-suppressed HIV-infected individuals...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479775/surgical-revascularization-of-bilateral-renal-artery-stenosis-due-to-fibromuscular-dysplasia
#15
Chandan Phukan, Arun J P George, J Chandrasingh, Antony Devasia
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a noninflammatory disease affecting small- and medium-sized arteries of the renal and the carotids. It affects the renal arteries in nearly 60%-75% cases. The primary clinical manifestation of renal FMD is hypertension. Medial fibroplasia represents the most common dysplastic lesion. We report two cases who presented with hypertension and renal insufficiency and on evaluation was found to have bilateral renal artery stenosis. Stenting of the renal vessels was not possible due to the narrowed caliber of the vessel and inability to cannulate the renal arteries...
April 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479449/symptomatic-carotid-bulb-atypical-fibromuscular-dysplasia
#16
D Verscheure, D Fabre, D Smadja, E Fadel
Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD) is known as rare cause ischemic stroke, and usually involves the internal carotid or vertebral arteries in middle age women. A poorly known type of FMD located at the carotid bulb is called atypical fibromuscular dysplasia.
May 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474291/depleted-nitric-oxide-and-prostaglandin-e2-levels-are-correlated-with-endothelial-dysfunction-in-%C3%AE-thalassemia-hbe-patients
#17
Sudarat Satitthummanid, Noppacharn Uaprasert, Smonporn Boonyaratavej Songmuang, Ponlapat Rojnuckarin, Piyaratana Tosukhowong, Pranee Sutcharitchan, Suphot Srimahachota
Mechanisms of vascular disorders in β-thalassemia/HbE patients remain poorly understood. In the present study, we aimed to determine the presence of endothelial dysfunction and its association with altered vascular mediators in this population. Forty-three β-thalassemia/HbE patients without clinically documented vascular symptoms and 43 age-sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled. Endothelial function was assessed using flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) before and after administration of nitroglycerine (NTG)...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473375/genome-sequence-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-serotype-o-lineage-ind-2001d-collected-in-vietnam-in-2015
#18
Jonathan Arzt, Barbara Brito, Steven J Pauszek, Ethan J Hartwig, George R Smoliga, Le T Vu, Pham P Vu, Carolina Stenfeldt, Luis L Rodriguez, Ngo T Long, Do H Dung
In 2015, foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus lineage Ind-2001 was detected for the first time in Southeast Asia. This report contains the first near-complete genome sequence of a viral isolate from this lineage collected from an outbreak in Vietnam. This novel incursion has substantial implications for regional FMD control measures.
May 4, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472222/coronary-tortuosity-a-clue-to-the-diagnosis-of-fibromuscular-dysplasia
#19
Daan J L van Twist, Peter W de Leeuw, Abraham A Kroon
BACKGROUND: Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a systemic, nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory vasculopathy that is often overlooked by clinicians. Clinical clues could help in selecting patients for further evaluation for the presence of FMD. Recently, it was observed that tortuosity of the coronary arteries is often present in patients with FMD-related abnormalities of the coronary artery. Therefore, we wondered if the presence of coronary tortuosity might provide a clinical clue to the diagnosis of extracoronary FMD...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469540/the-impact-of-vitamin-d-supplement-intake-on-vascular-endothelial-function-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Mohsen Mazidi, Ehsan Karimi, Peyman Rezaie, Hassan Vatanparast
Aim: to systematically review and conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials investigating the impact of vitamin D supplementation on endothelial function. Method: We searched PubMed-Medline, SCOPUS, Web of Science and Google Scholar (until June 2016) to detect prospective studies evaluating the impact of vitamin D supplementation on endothelial function indexes. We used random effects models (using DerSimonian-Laird method) and generic inverse variance methods to synthesize quantitative data. We used the leave-one-out method for sensitivity analysis...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
keyword
keyword
6577
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"