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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927228/management-of-chronic-pain-through-pain-management-programmes
#1
I R Wilson
Introduction: Chronic pain carries significant impact and is difficult to treat with limited success. Pain management programmes (PMPs) use cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-based multidisciplinary rehabilitative approaches to drive functional improvement. Sources of data: A search was conducted using Medline and the Cochrane Library to identify published literature about PMPs or CBT to treat chronic pain. Areas of agreement: PMPs have significant benefit on functioning for some patients but relatively little impact on the pain...
September 13, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926991/-found-performance-towards-a-musical-methodology-for-exploring-the-aesthetics-of-care
#2
Stuart Wood
Concepts of performance in fine art reflect key processes in music therapy. Music therapy enables practitioners to reframe patients as performers, producing new meanings around the clinical knowledge attached to medical histories and constructs. In this paper, music therapy practices are considered in the wider context of art history, with reference to allied theories from social research. Tracing a century in art that has revised the performativity of found objects (starting with Duchamp's "Fountain"), and of found sound (crystallised by Cage's 4' 33) this paper proposes that music therapy might be a pioneer methodology of "found performance"...
September 18, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926979/mother-s-ipv-child-maltreatment-type-and-the-presence-of-ptsd-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
Maravillas Castro, Mavi Alcántara-López, Antonia Martínez, Visitación Fernández, Julio Sánchez-Meca, Concepción López-Soler
This correlational cross-sectional study was designed to investigate whether the intimate partner violence (IPV) suffered by mothers (physical and psychological maltreatment), child eyewitness of psychological and physical maltreatment suffered by the mother, the neglect suffered by children, and the maltreatment (physical and psychological) directly suffered by children are statistically associated to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms exhibited by the child. In addition, the prevalence of child PTSD was estimated, as well as the concordance between the PTSD symptoms assessed by the Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria for child PTSD...
September 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926617/hidden-biodiversity-in-entomological-collections-the-overlooked-co-occurrence-of-dipteran-and-hymenopteran-ant-parasitoids-in-stored-biological-material
#4
Gabriela Pérez-Lachaud, Jean-Paul Lachaud
Biological collections around the world are the repository of biodiversity on Earth; they also hold a large quantity of unsorted, unidentified, or misidentified material and can house behavioral information on species that are difficult to access or no longer available to science. Among the unsorted, alcohol-preserved material stored in the Formicidae Collection of the 'El Colegio de la Frontera Sur' Research Center (Chetumal, Mexico), we found nine colonies of the ponerine ant Neoponera villosa, that had been collected in bromeliads at Calakmul (Campeche, Mexico) in 1999...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926482/is-there-an-optimal-time-to-initiate-an-active-rehabilitation-protocol-for-concussion-management-in-children-a-case-series
#5
Danielle M Dobney, Lisa Grilli, Helen Kocilowicz, Christine Beaulieu, Meghan Straub, Debbie Friedman, Isabelle J Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the time frame during which initiating an active rehabilitation intervention (aerobic exercise, balance, and sport specific skills) after concussion contributed to improvement in symptoms at follow-up in children and adolescents who are slow to recover (symptoms persisting beyond 2 weeks) from concussion. SETTING: Concussion clinic at a tertiary care pediatric teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 677 children and adolescents with concussion aged 7 to 18 years...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926383/mri-findings-in-patients-after-small-head-metal-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-a-minimum-follow-up-of-10-years
#6
Tobias Reiner, Thuy D Do, Matthias C Klot, Fabian Hertzsch, Kirsten Seelmann, Matthias M Gaida, Marc-André Weber, Tobias Gotterbarm
BACKGROUND: Concern has been raised about the late onset of adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD) in patients with a small-head metal-on-metal total hip replacement. The aims of this study were to assess the frequency and characteristic appearance of ARMD in patients with a small-head (28-mm) metal-on-metal total hip replacement and elevated blood ion levels (>1 μg/L) after a minimum follow-up of 10 years and to analyze the possible risk factors associated with the prevalence of these lesions...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926382/blood-metal-ion-thresholds-to-identify-patients-with-metal-on-metal-hip-implants-at-risk-of-adverse-reactions-to-metal-debris-an-external-multicenter-validation-study-of-birmingham-hip-resurfacing-and-corail-pinnacle-implants
#7
Gulraj S Matharu, Fiona Berryman, Andrew Judge, Aleksi Reito, Jamie McConnell, Olli Lainiala, Stephen Young, Antti Eskelinen, Hemant G Pandit, David W Murray
BACKGROUND: The authors of recent studies have reported newly devised implant-specific blood metal ion thresholds to predict adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD) in patients who have undergone unilateral or bilateral metal-on-metal (MoM) hip arthroplasty. These thresholds were most effective for identifying patients at low risk of ARMD. We investigated whether these newly devised blood metal ion thresholds could effectively identify patients at risk of ARMD after MoM hip arthroplasty in an external cohort of patients...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926381/total-elbow-arthroplasty-for-distal-humeral-fractures-a-ten-year-minimum-follow-up-study
#8
Raul Barco, Philipp N Streubel, Bernard F Morrey, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo
BACKGROUND: Total elbow arthroplasty is commonly considered for elderly patients with comminuted distal humeral fractures. Satisfactory short-term outcomes have been reported, but long-term outcomes are unknown. Our purpose was to assess the long-term outcomes of total elbow arthroplasty after distal humeral fracture and to determine differences between elbows with or without inflammatory arthritis at the time of fracture. METHODS: Forty-four total elbow arthroplasties were performed after distal humeral fracture; those patients were followed for a minimum of 10 years and were evaluated with regard to pain, motion, Mayo Elbow Performance Scores, complications, and reoperations...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926380/osseointegrated-transtibial-implants-in-patients-with-peripheral-vascular-disease-a-multicenter-case-series-of-5-patients-with-1-year-follow-up
#9
Robin Atallah, Jiao Jiao Li, William Lu, Ruud Leijendekkers, Jan Paul Frölke, Munjed Al Muderis
BACKGROUND: Osseointegration is an alternative treatment for amputees who are unable to wear or have difficulty wearing a socket prosthesis. Although the majority of limb amputations are due to vascular disease, such amputations have been perceived as a contraindication to osseointegration surgery. We report the outcomes of osseointegrated reconstruction in a series of 5 patients with limb amputation due to peripheral vascular disease. METHODS: Five patients with transtibial amputation and a history of peripheral vascular disease who received an osseointegration implant from 2014 to 2015 were followed for 12 months...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926362/validation-of-the-pangao-pg-800a36-automatic-wrist-blood-pressure-monitor-according-to-the-european-society-of-hypertension-and-the-british-hypertension-society-protocols
#10
Hairong Zhao, Weichang Qiao, Rui Zhang, Peng Cui, Fanglin Hou, Wenli Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate the PG-800A36 automatic wrist blood pressure monitor according to the European Society of Hypertension International Protocol (ESH-IP) revision 2010 and the British Hypertension Society (BHS) protocols. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A total of 33 participants were initially included on the basis of the ESH-IP, followed by examination of 85 participants according to the BHS protocol. The procedures and analysis methods of the protocols were followed precisely with left arm/wrist sequential measurements by two trained observers using a mercury sphygmomanometer and one supervisor using the device...
September 18, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926305/structural-relationships-among-the-revised-reinforcement-sensitivity-theory-and-grandiose-and-vulnerable-narcissism
#11
Christopher C Spencer, Joshua D Foster, Jeffrey S Bedwell
Research shows that grandiosity and vulnerability are distinct aspects of narcissism. The Contemporary Clinical Model (CCM) of narcissism suggests that individuals fluctuate between grandiose narcissism (GN) and vulnerable narcissism (VN). The authors examine the relative contributions of the Behavioral Approach System (BAS), the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS), and the Fight-Flight-Freeze System (FFFS) in the Revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory of Personality (r-RST) to GN and VN. Few studies examine the r-RST, and even fewer examine the VN and GN distinction...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926131/region-specific-impairment-of-the-cervical-spinal-cord-sc-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-preliminary-study-using-sc-templates-and-quantitative-mri-diffusion-tensor-imaging-inhomogeneous-magnetization-transfer
#12
Henitsoa Rasoanandrianina, Aude-Marie Grapperon, Manuel Taso, Olivier M Girard, Guillaume Duhamel, Maxime Guye, Jean-Philippe Ranjeva, Shahram Attarian, Annie Verschueren, Virginie Callot
In this preliminary study, our objective was to investigate the potential of high-resolution anatomical imaging, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and conventional/inhomogeneous magnetization transfer imaging [magnetization transfer (MT)/inhomogeneous magnetization transfer (ihMT)] at 3 T, analyzed with template-extracted regions of interest, to measure the atrophy and structural changes of white (WM) and gray (GM) matter spinal cord (SC) occurring in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Ten patients with ALS and 20 age-matched healthy controls were recruited...
September 19, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925929/canadian-guidelines-for-controlled-pediatric-donation-after-circulatory-determination-of-death-summary-report
#13
Matthew J Weiss, Laura Hornby, Bram Rochwerg, Michael van Manen, Sonny Dhanani, V Ben Sivarajan, Amber Appleby, Mary Bennett, Daniel Buchman, Catherine Farrell, Aviva Goldberg, Rebecca Greenberg, Ram Singh, Thomas A Nakagawa, William Witteman, Jill Barter, Allon Beck, Kevin Coughlin, Alf Conradi, Cynthia Cupido, Rosanne Dawson, Anne Dipchand, Darren Freed, Karen Hornby, Valerie Langlois, Cheryl Mack, Meagan Mahoney, Deepak Manhas, Christopher Tomlinson, Samara Zavalkoff, Sam D Shemie
OBJECTIVES: Create trustworthy, rigorous, national clinical practice guidelines for the practice of pediatric donation after circulatory determination of death in Canada. METHODS: We followed a process of clinical practice guideline development based on World Health Organization and Canadian Medical Association methods. This included application of Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation methodology. Questions requiring recommendations were generated based on 1) 2006 Canadian donation after circulatory determination of death guidelines (not pediatric specific), 2) a multidisciplinary symposium of national and international pediatric donation after circulatory determination of death leaders, and 3) a scoping review of the pediatric donation after circulatory determination of death literature...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925862/biofactories-for-the-production-of-recombinant-phytases-and-its-application-in-animal-feed-industry
#14
Thais P P de Souza, Resyla M da Mariano, Mariana S Vieira, Suliana F V Andrade, Renato R Godoi, Ana Flavia A Gonçalves, Luciana P Naves, William J N Lima, Daniel B Gonçalves, Mariana Campos da Paz, Alexsandro S Galdino
BACKGROUND: Phytases are enzymes capable of degrading phytic acid and are used in animal feed supplementation in order to improve digestibility through the release of minerals such as phosphorus. Recent inventions show interest in production and optimization of recombinant phytases with biochemical and physicochemical characteristics promising for animal feed industry. METHODS: This review article is focused on relevant patents of the promising phytases, as well as the commonly used expression systems for its production, and also the tools currently used to generate new phytases...
September 15, 2017: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925551/clade-ii-nitrous-oxide-respiration-of-wolinella-succinogenes-depends-on-the-nosg-c1-c2-h-electron-transport-module-nosb-and-a-rieske-cytochrome-bc-complex
#15
Sascha Hein, Samantha Witt, Jörg Simon
Microbial reduction of nitrous oxide (N2 O) is an environmentally significant process in the biogeochemical nitrogen cycle. However, it has been recognized only recently that the gene encoding N2 O reductase (nosZ) is organized in varying genetic contexts, thereby defining clade I (or "typical") and clade II (or "atypical") N2 O reductases and nos gene clusters. This study addresses the enzymology of the clade II Nos system from Wolinella succinogenes, a nitrate-ammonifying and N2 O-respiring Epsilonproteobacterium that contains a cytochrome c N2 O reductase (cNosZ)...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925416/extracting-autism-spectrum-disorder-data-from-the-electronic-health-record
#16
Ruth A Bush, Cynthia D Connelly, Alexa Pérez, Halsey Barlow, George J Chiang
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the health care utilization patterns of individuals with pediatric autism spectrum disorder (ASD). OBJECTIVES: Electronic health record (EHR) data provide an opportunity to study medical utilization and track outcomes among children with ASD.  Methods: Using a pediatric, tertiary, academic hospital's Epic EHR, search queries were built to identify individuals aged 2-18 with International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes, 299...
July 19, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925091/counting-the-cost-of-over-the-counter-codeine-containing-analgesic-misuse-a-retrospective-review-of-hospital-admissions-over-a-5-year-period
#17
Deanna Mill, Jacinta L Johnson, Victoria Cock, Emily Monaghan, Elizabeth D Hotham
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Combination analgesics containing codeine (CACC) are currently available over-the-counter (OTC) in many countries following a pharmacist's advice. Published case reports detail life-threatening morbidities associated with OTC-CACC misuse, although the cost of treating such patients has not been quantified. This study aims to: (i) identify and detail patients admitted to an Australian tertiary teaching hospital over a 5 year period with sequelae of OTC-CACC misuse; and (ii) estimate the costs of identified hospital admissions...
September 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924737/contribution-to-the-anatomical-nomenclature-concerning-lower-limb-anatomy
#18
David Kachlik, Vladimir Musil, Vaclav Baca
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to extend and revise the sections of Terminologia Anatomica (TA) dealing with the lower limb structures and to justify the use of newly proposed anatomical terms in clinical medicine, education, and research. METHODS: Anatomical terms were gathered during our educational experience from anatomical textbooks and journals and compared with the four previous editions of the official Latin anatomical nomenclature. RESULTS: The authors summarise 270 terms with their definitions and explanations for both constant and variable morphological structures (bones, joints, muscles, vessels, nerves and superficial structures) of the hip, thigh, knee, leg, ankle, and foot completed with several grammatical remarks and some general anatomical terms...
September 18, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924355/revision-total-knee-arthroplasty-using-the-modern-constrained-condylar-knee-prosthesis
#19
Naoki Nakano, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Hirotsugu Muratsu, Kazunari Ishida, Ryosuke Kuroda, Masahiro Kurosaka
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the second-generation constrained condylar prosthesis provided satisfactory results in revision total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: A series of 41 cases of revision total knee arthroplasty using the second-generation constrained condylar knee prosthesis was reviewed. The series comprised 7 men and 34 women with a mean age of 73.2 years. The original diagnosis was predominantly osteoarthritis. The most common reason for revision surgery was aseptic loosening...
November 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924294/meatal-obstruction-following-canal-wall-down-mastoidectomy
#20
Nazim Bozan, Ufuk Duzenli, Pinar Kundi, Mahfuz Turan, Ahmet Faruk Kiroglu
Chronic otitis media (COM) is completely treated with a single procedure in most patients but may require multiple surgeries in some cases. The main goals of open cavity mastoidectomy are to completely eradicate the disease, create a large enough meatus for examination and mastoid air cells, and provide a self-cleaning epithelized dry cavity, and achieve maximum hearing. In this report, we present a very rare case of COM who underwent revision mastoidectomy in our clinic due to meatal obstruction in the right ear, total sensorineural hearing loss, and pain and tenderness in the postauricular region...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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