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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150610/implications-of-improved-representations-of-plant-respiration-in-a-changing-climate
#1
Chris Huntingford, Owen K Atkin, Alberto Martinez-de la Torre, Lina M Mercado, Mary A Heskel, Anna B Harper, Keith J Bloomfield, Odhran S O'Sullivan, Peter B Reich, Kirk R Wythers, Ethan E Butler, Ming Chen, Kevin L Griffin, Patrick Meir, Mark G Tjoelker, Matthew H Turnbull, Stephen Sitch, Andy Wiltshire, Yadvinder Malhi
Land-atmosphere exchanges influence atmospheric CO2. Emphasis has been on describing photosynthetic CO2 uptake, but less on respiration losses. New global datasets describe upper canopy dark respiration (R d) and temperature dependencies. This allows characterisation of baseline R d, instantaneous temperature responses and longer-term thermal acclimation effects. Here we show the global implications of these parameterisations with a global gridded land model. This model aggregates R d to whole-plant respiration R p, driven with meteorological forcings spanning uncertainty across climate change models...
November 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150478/early-versus-late-application-of-subthalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-to-parkinson-s-disease-patients-with-motor-complications-elass-protocol-of-a-multicentre-prospective-and-observational-study
#2
Lulu Jiang, Wai Sang Poon, Elena Moro, Wenbiao Xian, Chao Yang, Xian Lun Zhu, Jing Gu, Xiaodong Cai, Jinlong Liu, Vincent Mok, Yanmei Liu, Shaohua Xu, Qiyu Guo, Wanru Chen, Ling Chen
INTRODUCTION: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is a well-established surgical treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). However, there is currently no consensus on the best timing for this surgery. The aim of our study is to compare the therapeutic efficacy of bilateral STN DBS in patients with PD with early and late motor complications. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: 200 patients with PD will be enrolled in this multicentre, prospective, observational study, and will be followed up for 4 years...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150468/prevalence-and-recognition-of-obesity-and-its-associated-comorbidities-cross-sectional-analysis-of-electronic-health-record-data-from-a-large-us-integrated-health-system
#3
Kevin M Pantalone, Todd M Hobbs, Kevin M Chagin, Sheldon X Kong, Brian J Wells, Michael W Kattan, Jonathan Bouchard, Brian Sakurada, Alex Milinovich, Wayne Weng, Janine Bauman, Anita D Misra-Hebert, Robert S Zimmerman, Bartolome Burguera
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of obesity and its related comorbidities among patients being actively managed at a US academic medical centre, and to examine the frequency of a formal diagnosis of obesity, via International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) documentation among patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m(2). DESIGN: The electronic health record system at Cleveland Clinic was used to create a cross-sectional summary of actively managed patients meeting minimum primary care physician visit frequency requirements...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150349/frontal-sinus-revision-rate-after-nasal-polyposis-surgery-including-frontal-recess-clearance-and-middle-turbinectomy-a-long-term-analysis
#4
Hakim Benkhatar, Idir Khettab, Philippe Sultanik, Ollivier Laccourreye, Pierre Bonfils
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frontal sinus revision rate after nasal polyposis (NP) surgery including frontal recess clearance (FRC) and middle turbinectomy (MT), to search for predictive factors and to analyse surgical management. METHODS: Longitudinal analysis of 153 patients who consecutively underwent bilateral sphenoethmoidectomy with FRC and MT for NP with a minimum follow-up of 7 years. Decision of revision surgery was made in case of medically refractory chronic frontal sinusitis or frontal mucocele...
November 14, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150173/genetic-studies-to-re-affiliate-edwardsiella-tarda-fish-isolates-to-edwardsiella-piscicida-and-edwardsiella-anguillarum-species
#5
Noemí Buján, Haitham Mohammed, Sabela Balboa, Jesús L Romalde, Alicia E Toranzo, Cova R Arias, Beatriz Magariños
Until 2012, the genus Edwardsiella was composed by three species Edwardsiella tarda, Edwardsiella hoshinae and Edwardsiella ictaluri. In 2013, Edwardsiella piscicida, compiling fish pathogenic strains previously identified as E. tarda was described, and more recently a new species isolated from diseased eel was reported, namely Edwardsiella anguillarum. The incorporation of these species into the genus makes necessary a revision of the taxonomic position of the isolates previously identified as E. tarda. Using AFLP technique, MLSA studies and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization, 46 of 49 E...
November 3, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150153/-dermatologic-surgery-hemophilia-and-von-willebrand-disease
#6
M Say, N Dupin, N Stieltjes, M-F Avril, S Aractingi, J Chanal
BACKGROUND: Von Willebrand disease (VWD) and hemophilia A and B are the most common types of hereditary coagulation-factor deficiencies. The frequency and type of complications of skin surgery in these patients are unknown. The increasing incidence of skin cancer prompted us to reflect upon this issue. While the incidence of skin cancer is increasing, the complications of skin surgery or ablative laser treatment remain unknown in this population. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of bleeding complications during and after skin surgery in patients with a hereditary coagulation-factor deficiency (hemophilia or VWD)...
November 14, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149904/concomitant-sequential-and-7-day-triple-therapy-in-first-line-treatment-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-korea-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Hyuk Lee, Beom Jin Kim, Sang Gyun Kim, Jin Il Kim, Il Ju Choi, Yong Chan Lee, Jae G Kim, Jae J Kim
BACKGROUND: Most international guidelines recommend triple-therapy regimens consisting of a proton pump inhibitor, clarithromycin, and amoxicillin/metronidazole for at least 7 days for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori. However, the efficacy of 7-day clarithromycin-based standard triple therapy for H. pylori infection is currently unacceptable in Korea. In this study, we will compare the efficacy and safety of 7-day standard triple therapy, 10-day sequential therapy, and 10-day concomitant therapy for the first-line treatment of H...
November 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149901/development-and-exploration-of-the-content-validity-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-migraine-the-migraine-physical-function-impact-diary-mpfid
#8
Asha Hareendran, Sally Mannix, Anne Skalicky, Martha Bayliss, Andrew Blumenfeld, Dawn C Buse, Pooja R Desai, Brian G Ortmeier, Sandhya Sapra
BACKGROUND: Adults with migraine experience substantial reductions in quality of life during and in-between migraine attacks. Clinical and regulatory guidelines encourage the inclusion of patient reported outcomes for the evaluation of benefits of interventions for migraine. METHODS: The conceptual framework and items for a new patient-reported outcome (PRO) instrument, the Migraine Physical Function Impact Diary (MPFID), were developed using scientific methods recommended to ensure content validity of PRO instruments...
November 17, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149888/correction-to-analysis-of-plasma-multiplex-cytokines-and-increased-level-of-il-10-and-il-1ra-cytokines-in-febrile-seizures
#9
Kyungmin Kim, Byung Ok Kwak, Aram Kwon, Jongseok Ha, Soo-Jin Kim, Sun Whan Bae, Jae Sung Son, Soo-Nyung Kim, Ran Lee
After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that several of the authors' names were formatted incorrectly in the original version of the article. The corrections are listed below -"Byungok Kwak" should be "Byung Ok Kwak"Soojin Kim" should be "Soo-Jin Kim"Sunwhan Bae" should be "Sun Whan Bae"Jaesung Son" should be "Jae Sung Son"Soonyung Kim" should be "Soo-Nyung Kim"The original version of the article has now been revised.
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149849/biobanking-in-israel-2016-17-expressed-perceptions-versus-real-life-enrollment
#10
Gideon Koren, Daniella Beller, Daphna Laifenfeld, Iris Grossman, Varda Shalev
BACKGROUND: As part of the preparations to establish a population-based biobank in a large Israeli health organization, we aimed to investigate through focus groups the knowledge, perceptions and attitudes of insured Israelis, toward biobanking, and then, after input from focus groups' participants, to empirically assess the impact of a revised recruitment process on recruitment rates. METHODS: 1) Six Focus group discussions were conducted (n = 10 per group) with individuals who had routine blood laboratory tests taken in the last 2 years...
November 17, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149538/psychologic-intimate-partner-violence-and-the-risk-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction-in-rio-de-janeiro
#11
Gustavo Lobato, Michael E Reichenheim, Claudia L Moraes, Fernando M Peixoto-Filho, Lívia S Migowski
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether psychologic intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a risk factor for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: The cross-sectional study enrolled 810 randomly selected mothers of infants younger than 5 months attending basic health services in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from January to July 2007. Psychologic and physical IPV were evaluated by the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale; IUGR was defined as below the 10th percentile of the Alexander curve...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149441/evidence-on-the-longitudinal-construct-validity-of-major-generic-and-utility-measures-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-teens-with-depression
#12
John F Dickerson, David H Feeny, Gregory N Clarke, Alex L MacMillan, Frances L Lynch
PURPOSE: To examine the longitudinal construct validity in the assessment of changes in depressive symptoms of widely used utility and generic HRQL instruments in teens. METHODS: 392 teens enrolled in the study and completed HRQL and diagnostic measures as part of the baseline interview. HRQL measures included EuroQol (EQ-5D-3L), Health Utilities Index Mark 2 (HUI2) and Mark 3 (HUI3), Quality of Well-Being Scale (QWB), Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PEDS-QL), RAND-36 (SF-6D), and Quality of Life in Depression Scale (QLDS)...
November 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149437/a-blinded-randomized-placebo-controlled-study-to-investigate-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-ferric-carboxymaltose-in-iron-deficient-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#13
Chad S Boomershine, Todd A Koch, David Morris
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to compare efficacy and safety of ferric carboxymaltose vs. placebo in iron-deficient patients with fibromyalgia. METHODS: This blinded, placebo-controlled, phase 2 study randomized adults with fibromyalgia and Revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQR) scores ≥ 60, ferritin levels < 0.05 µg/ml, and transferrin saturation < 20% (1:1) to receive ferric carboxymaltose [15 mg/kg (up to 750 mg)], or placebo (15 cc normal saline) intravenously on study days 0 and 5...
November 17, 2017: Rheumatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149246/asian-cleft-rhinoplasty-the-open-structural-approach
#14
Chin-Ho Wong, Rollin K Daniel, Seng-Teik Lee
Background: Asian cleft rhinoplasty is a unique procedure with specific challenges. Objectives: This paper presents our experience with the use of an open structural technique for Asian cleft rhinoplasty utilizing a complete autologous approach. Methods: An open approach that reconstructs the malpositioned nasal cartilage was utilized. Centrally, the septocolumella graft fixed securely in the midline with extender spreader grafts was utilized to project and lengthen the nose...
November 15, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149202/intraspecific-evolutionary-relationships-among-peregrine-falcons-in-western-north-american-high-latitudes
#15
Sandra L Talbot, George K Sage, Sarah A Sonsthagen, Meg C Gravley, Ted Swem, Jeffrey C Williams, Jonathan L Longmire, Skip Ambrose, Melanie J Flamme, Stephen B Lewis, Laura Phillips, Clifford Anderson, Clayton M White
Subspecies relationships within the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) have been long debated because of the polytypic nature of melanin-based plumage characteristics used in subspecies designations and potential differentiation of local subpopulations due to philopatry. In North America, understanding the evolutionary relationships among subspecies may have been further complicated by the introduction of captive bred peregrines originating from non-native stock, as part of recovery efforts associated with mid 20th century population declines resulting from organochloride pollution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149187/epidemiology-and-impact-on-all-cause-mortality-of-sepsis-in-norwegian-hospitals-a-national-retrospective-study
#16
Siri Tandberg Knoop, Steinar Skrede, Nina Langeland, Hans Kristian Flaatten
BACKGROUND: Although sepsis is the leading cause of death from infection, there are few population-level epidemiological sepsis reports. The impact of sepsis-related deaths on all-cause hospital mortality is insufficiently described, in particular in Europe where data are non-existent. The objective of this study was to provide nationwide epidemiological results on sepsis hospitalizations in Norway and to estimate sepsis' contribution to overall hospital mortality in a European setting...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149163/-recommandation-for-patient-engagement-promotion-in-care-and-cure-for-chronic-conditions
#17
Guendalina Graffigna, Serena Barello, Giuseppe Riva, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Massimo Corbo, Liliana Coppola, Giovanni Daverio, Alice Fauci, Primiano Iannone, Walter Ricciardi, Albino Claudio Bosio
The concept of patient engagement is receiving a growing attention in the healthcare field. The last decades have seen a deep revision of care models in the aim of a greater acknowledge of the patient role, seen as an expert actor, in the healthcare process. On the other side, healthcare systems are facing a growing request for participation expressed by citizens and patients. People claim for being more involved in all the crucial turning point of their healthcare journey and of being better aware of their right and duties...
November 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149156/survival-analysis-of-occipital-nerve-stimulator-leads-placed-under-fluoroscopic-guidance-with-and-without-ultrasonography
#18
James H Jones, Alison Brown, Daniel Moyse, Wenjing Qi, Lance Roy
BACKGROUND: Electrical stimulation of the greater occipital nerves is performed to treat pain secondary to chronic daily headaches and occipital neuralgia. The use of fluoroscopy alone to guide the surgical placement of electrodes near the greater occipital nerves disregards the impact of tissue planes on lead stability and stimulation efficacy. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that occipital neurostimulator (ONS) leads placed with ultrasonography combined with fluoroscopy would demonstrate increased survival rates and times when compared to ONS leads placed with fluoroscopy alone...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149042/comparative-study-of-biological-activities-of-venom-from-colubrid-snakes-rhabdophis-tigrinus-yamakagashi-and-rhabdophis-lateralis
#19
Yumiko Komori, Toru Hifumi, Akihiko Yamamoto, Atsushi Sakai, Manabu Ato, Kyoko Sawabe, Toshiaki Nikai
Rhabdophis lateralis, a colubrid snake distributed throughout the continent of Asia, has recently undergone taxonomic revisions. Previously, Rhabdophis lateralis was classified as a subspecies of R. tigrinus (Yamakagashi) until 2012, when several genetic differences were discovered which classified this snake as its own species. To elucidate the toxicity of venom from this poorly studied colubrid, various biological activities were compared between the venom from the two snake species. The components of their venom were compared by the elution profiles of reversed-phase HPLC and SDS-PAGE, and gel filtrated fractions were tested for effects on blood coagulation...
November 17, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148922/feasibility-and-safety-of-using-thoracic-and-lumbar-cortical-bone-trajectory-pedicle-screws-in-spinal-constructs-in-children-technical-note
#20
Jonathan N Sellin, Jeffrey S Raskin, Kristen A Staggers, Alison Brayton, Valentina Briceño, Amee J Moreno, Andrew Jea
Thoracic and lumbar cortical bone trajectory pedicle screws have been described in adult spine surgery. They have likewise been described in pediatric CT-based morphometric studies; however, clinical experience in the pediatric age group is limited. The authors here describe the use of cortical bone trajectory pedicle screws in posterior instrumented spinal fusions from the upper thoracic to the lumbar spine in 12 children. This dedicated study represents the initial use of cortical screws in pediatric spine surgery...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
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