keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mechanical ventilation one lung

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925446/the-declined-levels-of-inflammatory-cytokines-related-with-weaning-rate-during-period-of-septic-patients-using-ventilators
#1
Jung-Lung Hsiao, Chao-Huei Yang, Mei-Hua Lu, Hui-Ming Chang, Wang-Sheng Ko, Ya-Ling Chiou
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 50% of patients with sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) require mechanical ventilation. Patients with extended mechanical ventilator use routinely develop re-infections, which increases hospital stay, mortality, and health care cost. Some studies have pointed out inflammatory factors concentrations can affect ventilator weaning, but do not indicate changed inflammatory factors related to ventilator weaning during using ventilators...
December 7, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925393/intensive-care-unit-icu-readmission-after-major-lung-resection-prevalence-patterns-and-mortality
#2
Jae Jun Jung, Jong Ho Cho, Tae Hee Hong, Hong Kwan Kim, Yong Soo Choi, Jhingook Kim, Young Mog Shim, Jae Ill Zo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with mortality in patients re-admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) after initial recovery from major lung resection. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the case records of all patients who underwent major lung resection between February 2011 and May 2013. A total of 1916 patients underwent major resection surgery for various lung diseases, 63 (3.3%) of which required ICU admission after initial recovery...
December 7, 2016: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925055/lung-protection-an-intervention-for-tidal-volume-reduction-in-a-teaching-intensive-care-unit
#3
Arturo Briva, Cristina Gaiero
Objective: To determine the effect of feedback and education regarding the use of predicted body weight to adjust tidal volume in a lung-protective mechanical ventilation strategy. Methods: The study was performed from October 2014 to November 2015 (12 months) in a single university polyvalent intensive care unit. We developed a combined intervention (education and feedback), placing particular attention on the importance of adjusting tidal volumes to predicted body weight bedside...
December 1, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919719/impact-of-left-heart-bypass-on-arterial-oxygenation-during-one-lung-ventilation-for-thoracic-aortic-surgery
#4
Kikuko Suga, Yoshiro Kobayashi, Ryoichi Ochiai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to reveal the mechanism of improved arterial oxygenation by measuring the changes in oxygenation before and after initiation of left heart bypass (LHB) during one-lung ventilation (OLV) for thoracic aortic surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Single-institution, private hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 50 patients who underwent aortic surgery via a left thoracotomy approach with LHB circulatory support...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918754/interventions-to-improve-rates-of-successful-extubation-in-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Kristin N Ferguson, Calum T Roberts, Brett J Manley, Peter G Davis
Importance: Clinicians aim to extubate preterm infants as early as possible, to minimize the risks of mechanical ventilation. Extubation is often unsuccessful owing to lung disease or inadequate respiratory drive. Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of interventions to improve rates of successful extubation in preterm infants. Data Sources: Searches were undertaken in PubMed and The Cochrane Library. Study Selection: The review was conducted using the methods of the Cochrane Collaboration and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
December 5, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904565/is-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-mechanically-ventilated-adult-trauma-patients-potentially-related-to-the-occurrence-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#6
Hadi Darvishi-Khezri, Abbas Alipour, Amir Emami Zeydi, Abolfazl Firouzian, Ghahraman Mahmudi, Melody Omrani-Nava
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a type of lung infection that typically affects critically ill patients undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV) in the intensive care unit (ICU). Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are considered to be more susceptible to several types of infections including community-acquired pneumonia. However, it is not clear whether T2DM is a risk factor for the development of VAP. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk of VAP for diabetic and nondiabetic mechanically ventilated trauma patients...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899532/long-term-management-for-ventilator-assisted-children-in-hong-kong-2-decades-experience
#7
Shuk-Kuen Chau, Ada Wing-Yan Yung, So-Lun Lee
BACKGROUND: The population of children receiving long-term mechanical ventilation is growing worldwide, but only limited data exist in Asian regions. The objective of the study was to review the management of these children in Hong Kong over the past 2 decades. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. Hospital records from subjects receiving mechanical ventilation for >3 months were retrieved. Demographic characteristics and medical information of subjects (≤21 y old) under the care of the ventilator program at the Duchess of Kent Children's Hospital between 1997 and 2015 were reviewed...
November 29, 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881405/effectiveness-of-individualised-lung-recruitment-strategies-at-birth-an-experimental-study-in-preterm-lambs
#8
David G Tingay, Anushi E Rajapaksa, Emanuela Zannin, Prue M Pereira-Fantini, Raffaele Dellacà, Elizabeth Perkins, Cornelis Elroy E Zonneveld, Andy Adler, Don Black, Inez Frerichs, Anna Lavizzari, Magdy Sourial, Bartłomiej Grychtol, Fabio Mosca, Peter G Davis
Respiratory transition at birth involves rapidly clearing fetal lung liquid and preventing efflux back into the lung whilst aeration is established. We have developed a sustained inflation (SIOPT) individualized to volume-response and a dynamic tidal positive end-expiratory pressure (open lung volume, OLV) strategy that both enhance this process. We aimed to compare the effect of each with a group managed with PEEP of 8 cmH2O and no recruitment manoeuvre (No-RM), on gas exchange, lung mechanics, spatiotemporal aeration and lung injury in 127±1d preterm lambs...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863120/numerical-simulation-of-volume-controlled-mechanical-ventilated-respiratory-system-with-two-different-lungs
#9
Yan Shi, Bolun Zhang, Maolin Cai, Xiaohua Douglas Zhang
Mechanical ventilation is a key therapy for patients who can't breathe adequately by themselves, and dynamics of mechanical ventilation system is of great significance for life support of patients. Recently, models of mechanical ventilated respiratory system with one lung are used to simulate respiratory system of patients. However, human has two lungs. When the respiratory characteristics of two lungs are different, single-lung model cannot reflect real respiratory system. In this paper, to illustrate dynamic characteristics of mechanical ventilated respiratory system with two different lungs, we propose a mathematical model of mechanical ventilated respiratory system with two different lungs and conduct experiments to verify the model...
November 9, 2016: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859296/slide-tracheoplasty-outcomes-in-children-with-congenital-pulmonary-malformations
#10
Michael A DeMarcantonio, Catherine K Hart, Christina J Yang, Meredith Tabangin, Michael J Rutter, Roosevelt Bryant, Peter B Manning, Alessandro de Alarcón
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Evaluate and compare surgical outcomes of slide tracheoplasty for the treatment of congenital tracheal stenosis in children with and without pulmonary malformations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review at a tertiary care pediatric medical center. METHODS: We identified patients with tracheal stenosis who underwent slide tracheoplasty from 2001 to 2014, and a subset of these patients who were diagnosed with congenital pulmonary malformations...
November 15, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854117/treatment-of-neonates-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-by-proportional-assist-ventilation-plus-synchronized-intermittent-mandatory-ventilation-a-comparison-study
#11
Rong Wu, Zhao F Tian, Xiang Y Kong, Shao D Hua, Jin H Hu, Guo F Zhen
BACKGROUND: The proportion assisted ventilation (PAV) can improve patient-ventilator interaction, reduce the incidence of end-expiratory asynchrony and increase the time of synchrony. PAV could compensate for the leaks by Elastic and resistive unloading and thus is ideal for neonates with uncuffed airways. The aim of this study was to compare the relevant clinical parameters of neonates with respiratory distress syndrome(RDS) who are surported by PAV plus synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV) and SIMV...
November 17, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830357/effects-of-ulinastatin-on-early-postoperative-cognitive-function-after-one-lung-ventilation-surgery-in-elderly-patients-receiving-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#12
Kai-Yuan Wang, Quan-Yong Yang, Peng Tang, Hui-Xia Li, Hong-Wei Zhao, Xiu-Bao Ren
We investigated the effects of ulinastatin on early postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) after one-lung ventilation (OLV) surgery in elderly patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Eighty elderly patients with preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy scheduling for radical esophagectomy under OLV were recruited. They were randomly divided into an ulinastatin pretreatment group (U group, n = 40) and a control group (C group, n = 40). The U group received 10,000 U/kg ulinastatin before anesthesia and 5000 U/kg daily on postoperative days 1 to 3, while C group received saline...
November 9, 2016: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819747/infant-position-in-neonates-receiving-mechanical-ventilation
#13
REVIEW
May Rivas-Fernandez, Marta Roqué I Figuls, Ana Diez-Izquierdo, Joaquin Escribano, Albert Balaguer
BACKGROUND: In patients of various ages undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV), it has been observed that positions other than the standard supine position, such as the prone position, may improve respiratory parameters. The benefits of these positions have not been clearly defined for critically ill newborns receiving MV.This is an update of a review first published in 2005 and last updated in 2013. OBJECTIVES: Primary objectiveTo assess the effects of different positioning of newborn infants receiving MV (supine vs prone, lateral decubitus or quarter turn from prone) in improving short-term respiratory outcomes...
November 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811142/loss-of-epithelial-gq-and-g11-signaling-inhibits-tgf%C3%AE-production-but-promotes-il-33-mediated-macrophage-polarization-and-emphysema
#14
Alison E John, Michael R Wilson, Anthony Habgood, Joanne Porte, Amanda L Tatler, Anastasios Stavrou, Gino Miele, Lisa Jolly, Alan J Knox, Masao Takata, Stefan Offermanns, R Gisli Jenkins
Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein) signaling links hundreds of G protein-coupled receptors with four G protein signaling pathways. Two of these, one mediated by Gq and G11 (Gq/11) and the other by G12 and G13 (G12/13), are implicated in the force-dependent activation of transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) in lung epithelial cells. Reduced TGFβ activation in alveolar cells leads to emphysema, whereas enhanced TGFβ activation promotes acute lung injury and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis...
October 25, 2016: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787952/outcomes-of-mechanical-support-in-a-pediatric-lung-transplant-center
#15
Demet Toprak, Levent Midyat, Dawn Freiberger, Debra Boyer, Francis Fynn-Thompson, Gary Visner
Pediatric lung transplantation is a lifesaving option for patients with end stage lung disease, although the scarcity of suitable donor organs results in long wait times and increased waitlist mortality. Many pediatric centers consider mechanical ventilatory support, such as long-term invasive ventilation and ECMO, a contraindication to lung transplantation. We hypothesized that current survival rates and outcomes for patients on mechanical ventilatory support in the pre-transplant period were not remarkably different...
October 27, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763916/hemodynamic-instability-following-airway-spray-cryotherapy
#16
Alessia Pedoto, Dawn P Desiderio, David Amar, Robert J Downey
BACKGROUND: Spray cryotherapy (SCT) of airway lesions is used to effectively palliate respiratory symptoms related to airway obstruction, but significant intraoperative hemodynamic complications have been noted. We reviewed the experience at a single institution using SCT for the treatment of obstructive airway tumors. METHODS: A retrospective review of a single institution experience with intraoperative and postoperative hemodynamic complications associated with SCT was performed...
November 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757516/potentially-modifiable-factors-contributing-to-outcome-from-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-the-lung-safe-study
#17
John G Laffey, Giacomo Bellani, Tài Pham, Eddy Fan, Fabiana Madotto, Ednan K Bajwa, Laurent Brochard, Kevin Clarkson, Andres Esteban, Luciano Gattinoni, Frank van Haren, Leo M Heunks, Kiyoyasu Kurahashi, Jon Henrik Laake, Anders Larsson, Daniel F McAuley, Lia McNamee, Nicolas Nin, Haibo Qiu, Marco Ranieri, Gordon D Rubenfeld, B Taylor Thompson, Hermann Wrigge, Arthur S Slutsky, Antonio Pesenti
PURPOSE: To improve the outcome of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), one needs to identify potentially modifiable factors associated with mortality. METHODS: The large observational study to understand the global impact of severe acute respiratory failure (LUNG SAFE) was an international, multicenter, prospective cohort study of patients with severe respiratory failure, conducted in the winter of 2014 in a convenience sample of 459 ICUs from 50 countries across five continents...
October 18, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747865/contamination-of-single-use-bronchoscopes-in-critically-ill-patients
#18
B A McGrath, S Ruane, J McKenna, S Thomas
Disposable bronchoscopes such as the Ambu aScope(TM) 3 are marketed as 'single use' The risks of contamination from prolonged device storage before possible re-use are unknown. Following clinical bronchoscopy in patients whose lungs were mechanically ventilated, 20 aScope(TM) 3's bronchoscopes received a standard 'social clean' and were then stored. Subsequent paired saline flush and swab samples were taken at time zero, and at 24 h and 48 h. Positive microbiological cultures were obtained from at least one time point from 16 of the 20 bronchoscopes...
October 17, 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734439/fraction-of-inspired-oxygen-delivered-by-elis%C3%A3-e%C3%A2-350-turbine-transport-ventilator-with-a-portable-oxygen-concentrator-in-an-austere-environment
#19
Erwan d'Aranda, Julien Bordes, Boris Bourgeois, Jared Clay, Pierre Esnault, Pierre-Julien Cungi, Philippe Goutorbe, Eric Kaiser, Eric Meaudre
BACKGROUND: Management of critically ill patients in austere environments is a logistic challenge. Availability of oxygen cylinders for the mechanically ventilated patient may be difficult in such a context. One solution is to use a ventilator able to function with an oxygen concentrator (OC). METHODS: We tested two Elisée™ 350 ventilators paired with SeQual Integra 10-OM oxygen concentrators (OC) (Chart Industries, http://www .chartindustries.com) and evaluated the delivered fraction of inspired oxygen (Fio2)...
2016: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712021/bronchoscopy-assessment-of-acute-respiratory-failure-in-interstitial-lung-disease
#20
Antonella Arcadu, Teng Moua
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acute respiratory failure (ARF) in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Recommended assessment for acute exacerbation (AE) of ILD includes exclusion of secondary causes via fibreoptic bronchoscopy. Our aim is to assess the role of bronchoscopy during ARF-ILD. METHODS: Consecutive ILD patients (2002-2014) hospitalized with ARF who underwent bronchoscopy were included. Baseline demographics, underlying ILD diagnoses and presenting clinical features were reviewed...
October 6, 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
keyword
keyword
65761
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"