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ice hockey

Philip W Cameron, Noelle C Soltero, Justin Byers
Mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) are common in contact sports. There is an association between mTBIs and altered motor function. BioSway technology measures individuals' balance using the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS). Prior to incorporating BESS testing in concussion protocol, other variables that influence the BESS test require review. The objective of this study is to determine if game fatigue in hockey players also influences the BESS score. 23 male (21.08 ± 1.09) National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes were tested using the BioSway™ (Biodex, USA)...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
Jon S Patricios, Clare L Ardern, Michael David Hislop, Mark Aubry, Paul Bloomfield, Carolyn Broderick, Patrick Clifton, Ruben J Echemendia, Richard G Ellenbogen, Éanna Cian Falvey, Gordon Ward Fuller, Julie Grand, Dallas Hack, Peter Rex Harcourt, David Hughes, Nathan McGuirk, Willem Meeuwisse, Jeffrey Miller, John T Parsons, Simona Richiger, Allen Sills, Kevin B Moran, Jenny Shute, Martin Raftery
The 2017 Berlin Concussion in Sport Group Consensus Statement provides a global summary of best practice in concussion prevention, diagnosis and management, underpinned by systematic reviews and expert consensus. Due to their different settings and rules, individual sports need to adapt concussion guidelines according to their specific regulatory environment. At the same time, consistent application of the Berlin Consensus Statement's themes across sporting codes is likely to facilitate superior and uniform diagnosis and management, improve concussion education and highlight collaborative research opportunities...
March 2, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
M Susan Caswell, Rhona M Hanning
OBJECTIVE: Unhealthy dietary behaviours are prevalent among adolescents. This might relate, in part, to obesogenic environments, including recreation food facilities. The REFRESH Study (Recreation Environment and Food Research: Experiences from Hockey) aimed to explore, from the perspectives of adolescent ice hockey players and parents, broad social and physical environmental influences on adolescent food behaviours associated with hockey participation. DESIGN: Players used photovoice to describe their food experiences in relation to ice hockey...
March 1, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Joanna Orysiak, Konrad Witek, Jadwiga Malczewska-Lenczowska, Agnieszka Zembron-Lacny, Andrzej Pokrywka, Dariusz Sitkowski
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of 17 days of training during preparation for the Ice Hockey Under 18 World Championship of the Polish ice hockey national team on the mucosal immune function and monitor upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) incidence before, during and after the competition. Twelve male ice hockey players (age 17.7±0.5 years) were recruited for this study. The first saliva/blood collection took place at the beginning of the training camp (without training at the training camp), the second one was conducted on the 9th day of the training camp immediately after the intensification of training, and the third collection was carried out on the 13th day of training (4 days before leaving for the World Championship) in the tapering phase...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Ryan Todd, Shree Bhalerao, Michael T Vu, Sophie Soklaridis, Michael D Cusimano
OBJECTIVE: The following study was undertaken to investigate the effect of concussion and psychiatric illness on athletes and their caregivers. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 20 ice hockey stakeholders (17 men and 3 women) including minor and professional players, coaches, parents, and physicians were conducted over two years (2012-2014). These interviews were analyzed using grounded theory. RESULTS: From this analysis, a common biographical theme emerged whereby the subject's identity as a hockey player, constructed early in life over many years, was disrupted by concussion...
2018: PloS One
Patrick Delisle-Houde, Nathan A Chiarlitti, Ryan E R Reid, Ross E Andersen
Hockey player's body composition and physical fitness are suggested to influence coaching decisions regarding on-ice playing time. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between seasonal body composition changes, off-ice pre-season testing and on-ice metrics. Twenty-one Canadian collegiate hockey players (22.70 ± 1.30 years old, 181.0 ± 5.92 cm, 86.52 ± 6.41 kg) underwent off-ice physical testing at the beginning of their season, and had one total body dual energy x-ray absorptiometry scan at the beginning and end of the season...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Darren Steeves, Phil Campagna
This project investigated whether there was a relationship between maximal aerobic power and the recovery or performance in elite ice hockey players during a simulated hockey game. An on-ice protocol was used to simulate a game of ice hockey. Recovery values were determined by the differences in lactate and heart rate measures. Total distance traveled was also recorded as a performance measure. On two other days, subjects returned and completed a maximal aerobic power test on a treadmill and a maximal lactate test on ice...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Alexander D Wright, Jonathan D Smirl, Kelsey Bryk, Michael Jakovac, Paul van Donkelaar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of repetitive subconcussive head trauma on neurovascular coupling (NVC) responses. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study collected between September 2013 and December 2016. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred seventy-nine elite, junior-level (age, 19.6 ± 1.5 years) contact sport (ice hockey, American football) athletes recruited for preseason testing. Fifty-two nonconcussed athletes returned for postseason testing...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Ulrich Weber, Anne Grethe Jurik, Anna Zejden, Ejnar Larsen, Steen Hylgaard Jørgensen, Kaspar Rufibach, Christian Schioldan, Søren Schmidt-Olsen
OBJECTIVE: Low grade bone marrow edema (BME) was reported in the sacroiliac joints (SIJ) of 25% of healthy individuals and mechanical back pain patients, challenging the imaging discrimination from early spondyloarthritis (SpA). It is unknown whether stress injury in competition sports may trigger BME. We explored frequency and anatomical distribution of SIJ MRI lesions in recreational and elite athletes. METHODS: After pre-test calibration, semicoronal SIJ MRI scans of 20 recreational runners (RR) before/after running and 22 elite ice-hockey players (IP) were assessed by 3 blinded readers for BME and structural lesions using an SIJ quadrant-based module...
February 12, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Jordan Rattai, Liran Levin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ice hockey players of all ages experience oral and dental injuries. The Aim of this study was to evaluate the rates of ice hockey related oral injuries, time lost due to oral injury and mechanisms of oral injuries in the province of Alberta during a 15 year period (2001-2016). METHODS: Hockey Alberta, the governing body for minor ice hockey associations across the province collects injury report forms from injured participants in sanctioned events...
February 6, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
E V Ritchie, C Emery, C T Debert
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between acute serum cortisol following pediatric sport-related concussion (SRC) and clinical outcome measures of symptom burden and length to return to sport (RTS) Methods: Prospective observational study of ice hockey players ages 11-12 recruited prior to the hockey season. Players sustaining a SRC were assessed by a sports medicine physician completed a child Sport Concussion Assessment Tool-3 (childSCAT-3) and serum cortisol samples. RESULTS: Of 636 ice hockey players enrolled, 41 sustained a SRC...
February 5, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
Ryan F Bringhurst, Dale R Wagner, Sarah Schwartz
This study evaluated the test-retest reliability of the Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) performed on a Velotron electromagnetically-braked cycle ergometer (EE) for power-trained athletes and assessed whether a familiarization trial was necessary to achieve high test-retest reliability. Twenty-one male ice hockey players (age 23.5 ± 4.7 yrs, mass 86.3 ± 16.6 kg, height 180.9 ± 7.4 cm) from a collegiate club team (Club = 10) and a recreational league (Rec = 11) performed three, 30-sec WAnTs within 2 weeks, and with at least 24 hours between visits...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Annika Prien, Alexander Grafe, Roland Rössler, Astrid Junge, Evert Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Although injuries to the head represent a small proportion of all sport injuries, they are of great concern due to their potential long-term consequences, which are even suspected in mild traumatic brain injuries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to compare the incidence of concussions and other head injuries in elite level football, rugby, ice hockey and American Football. METHODS: Four electronic databases (CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, PubMed) were searched...
January 18, 2018: Sports Medicine
Nicholas R Lamoureux, Grant R Tomkinson, Benjamin J Peterson, John S Fitzgerald
The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of skating economy to fatigue during repeated high-intensity efforts of a simulated ice hockey shift. Forty-five collegiate and Junior A male ice hockey players (aged 18-24 years) performed a continuous graded exercise test using a skate treadmill. Breath-by-breath data for oxygen consumption (V[Combining Dot Above]O2) and respiratory exchange ratio were collected and used to derive energy expenditure (EE) averaged over the final 10 seconds of each stage...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Tariq S Marroush, Amreeta V Sharma, Louis D Saravolatz, Robert Takla, Howard S Rosman
Myocardial infarction (MI) following blunt chest trauma is rare, but potentially fatal. We treated a young patient for acute MI after falling chest-first on ice while playing hockey. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was performed after percutaneous stenting attempts were unsuccessful. By reviewing the related literature, we found 179 cases, the majority of which affected young males following road accidents. Left anterior descending artery was most frequently affected followed by right coronary artery particularly in their proximal thirds...
January 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Michelle Avery, Nick Wattie, Michael Holmes, Shilpa Dogra
Deficits in balance and strength combined with differing rates of sensory and motor neural development may increase risk of sports related injury in youth. This study evaluated changes in functional fitness and concussion status over the course of a competitive season in youth ice-hockey players, and examined the relationship between these variables and injury occurrence. Thirty-six participants (8.9 ± 1.1 years) completed pre and post-season assessments including anthropometric measurements, the Functional Movement Screen (FMS), Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT-LQ), and a computerized neurocognitive assessment (ImPACT)...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jeff R Leiter, Dean M Cordingley, Peter B MacDonald
Ice hockey is a physiologically complex sport involving both the anaerobic and aerobic energy systems. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anaerobic power output (PO) of top-level competitive youth hockey players. It was hypothesized that with each successive increase in age there would be an associated change in anaerobic PO. Two hundred and fifty-one male hockey players between the ages of 13-17 years of age participated in this study. All athletes completed a 30-second Wingate test as part of a pre-season physiological and fitness combine...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Kajsa Gilenstam, Christina A Geithner
The purpose of this study was to compare percent fat (% Fat) estimates from anthropometric equations using skinfolds (SKF) in women's ice hockey players to estimates obtained from Lunar iDXA. Data were collected on 19 elite female Swedish hockey players (mean age ± SD = 18.4 ± 2.4 y). Four skinfolds (SKF) (triceps, abdominal, suprailiac, and thigh) were measured within two hours of iDXA assessments. The % Fat estimates from iDXA and four anthropometric equations were compared using paired t-tests, and a one-way ANOVA was used to compare % Fat estimates from the anthropometric equations...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
David P Trofa, Caroline N Park, Manish S Noticewala, T Sean Lynch, Christopher S Ahmad, Charles A Popkin
Background: Body checking is a common cause of youth ice hockey injuries. Consequently, USA Hockey raised the minimum age at which body checking is permitted from the Pee Wee level (11-12 years old) to the Bantam level (13-14 years old) in 2011. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the impact of body checking on the distribution of injuries reported in youth ice hockey players. We hypothesized that the elimination of body checking at the Pee Wee level would lower the frequency of serious injuries, particularly concussions...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Vincent Gosselin Boucher, Andrée-Anne Parent, Fanie St-Jean Miron, Mario Leone, Alain Steve Comtois
The importance of specific testing has been shown in ice hockey performance and the understanding and connection between them may lead to adapting training and follow up in elite athletes. The aim of the present study was to compare two off-ice power tests with performances on ice with a complete professional hockey team. The broad jump test and the vertical jump test were used for the off-ice evaluations, while the SAS-40 and the repeated skate sprint modify (RSSm) tests were used as the performance variables...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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