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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160140/the-effects-of-weighted-skates-on-ice-skating-kinematics-kinetics-and-muscular-activity
#1
Matthew P Mavor, Dean C Hay, Ryan B Graham
Sport-specific resistance training, through limb loading, can be a complimentary training method to traditional resistance training by loading the working muscles during all phases of a specific movement. The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of skating with an additional load on the skate, using a skate weight prototype, on kinematics, kinetics, and muscle activation during the acceleration phase while skating on a synthetic ice surface. 10 male hockey skaters accelerated from rest (standing erect with knees slightly bent) under four non-randomized load conditions: baseline 1 (no weight), light (0...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127930/indoor-air-quality-of-environments-used-for-physical-exercise-and-sports-practice-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Alexandro Andrade, Fábio Hech Dominski
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews have the potential to contribute substantially to environmental health and risk assessment. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate indoor air quality of environments used for physical exercise and sports practice through a systematic review. METHODS: The systematic review followed the PRISMA guidelines and was recorded in the PROSPERO registry (CRD42016036057). The search was performed using the SciELO, Science Direct, Scopus, LILACS, MEDLINE via PubMed, and SPORTDiscus databases, from their inception through April 2017...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058105/disentangling-the-relations-between-social-identity-and-prosocial-and-antisocial-behavior-in-competitive-youth-sport
#3
Mark W Bruner, Ian D Boardley, Alex J Benson, Kathleen S Wilson, Zachary Root, Jennifer Turnnidge, Jordan Sutcliffe, Jean Côté
The social identities formed through membership on extracurricular activity groups may contribute to the frequency with which youth engage in prosocial and antisocial behavior. However, researchers have yet to disentangle the individual- and group-level processes social identification effects operate through; sex and perceived norms may also moderate such effects. Thus, we investigated the hierarchical and conditional relations between three dimensions of social identity (i.e., ingroup ties, cognitive centrality, ingroup affect) and prosocial and antisocial behavior in youth ice hockey players (N = 376; 33% female)...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045995/ingesting-a-sports-drink-enhances-simulated-ice-hockey-performance-while-reducing-perceived-effort
#4
Matthew Stephen Palmer, George Heigenhauser, MyLinh Duong, Lawrence L Spriet
This study determined whether ingesting a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution (CES) vs. progressive dehydration affected skeletal muscle glycogen use and performance in ice hockey players during simulated ice hockey exercise comprised of 3 active "periods". Seven males (21.3±0.3 years, 184.7±1.2 cm, 84.2±3.9 kg, and 49.6±1.8 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)) performed a hockey-specific protocol on two occasions and either dehydrated progressively (NF), or stayed well-hydrated by ingesting a CES. Muscle biopsies were taken at rest, before the 3(rd) period (P3), and after the final sprint in the protocol...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028445/return-to-sport-specific-performance-after-primary-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#5
Nicholas G Mohtadi, Denise S Chan
BACKGROUND: Physicians counseling athletes on the prognosis of sport-specific performance outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) depend on the published literature. However, critical appraisal of the validity and biases in these studies is required to understand how ACLR affects an athlete's ability to return to sport, the athlete's sport-specific performance, and his or her ability to achieve preinjury levels of performance. PURPOSE: This review identifies the published prognostic studies evaluating sport-specific performance outcomes after ACLR...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016475/relationship-between-physiological-off-ice-testing-on-ice-skating-and-game-performance-in-division-i-women-s-ice-hockey-players
#6
Michelle Boland, Emily M Miele, Katie Delude
The purpose was to identify off-ice testing variables that correlate to skating and game performance in Division I collegiate women ice hockey players. Twenty female, forward and defensive players (19.95 ± 1.35 yr) were assessed for weight, height, percent fat mass (%FAT), bone mineral density, predicted one repetition maximum (RM) absolute and relative (REL%) bench press (BP) and hex bar deadlift (HDL), lower body explosive power, anaerobic power, countermovement vertical jump (CMJ), maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP), and on-ice repeated skate sprint (RSS) performance...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937802/the-epidemiology-of-stress-fractures-in-collegiate-student-athletes-2004-2005-through-2013-2014-academic-years
#7
Katherine H Rizzone, Kathryn E Ackerman, Karen G Roos, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Stress fractures are injuries caused by cumulative, repetitive stress that leads to abnormal bone remodeling. Specific populations, including female athletes and endurance athletes, are at higher risk than the general athletic population. Whereas more than 460 000 individuals participate in collegiate athletics in the United States, no large study has been conducted to determine the incidence of stress fractures in collegiate athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the incidence of stress fractures in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes and investigate rates and patterns overall and by sport...
October 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931992/knee-injury-and-osteoarthritis-outcome-score-of-korean-national-ice-hockey-players
#8
Hyeyoung Kim, Sujin Hwang, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] To investigate sports injuries in Korean national ice hockey players by surveying parts, times, types, frequency, cure, and prevention types of sports injuries and provide basic data for injury prevention and performance improvement of ice hockey players. Another purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of ice hockey injuries according to age and the relationship between etiological factors and injuries in high school students. [Subjects and Methods] This was a cross-sectional study. Eighteen female ice hockey players in Korean elite athletes were recruited for this study...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919185/epidemiology-of-cervical-spine-injuries-in-high-school-athletes-over-a-ten-year-period
#9
Adele Meron, Christopher McMullen, Scott R Laker, Dustin Currie, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: More than 7 million athletes participate in high school (HS) sports annually, with both the benefits of physical activity and risks of injury. Although catastrophic cervical spine injuries have been studied, limited data are available that characterize less-severe cervical spine injuries in HS athletes. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare cervical spine injury rates and patterns among U.S. HS athletes across 24 sports over a 10-year period. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
September 12, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902760/common-ice-hockey-injuries-and-treatment-a-current-concepts-review
#10
William Mosenthal, Michael Kim, Robert Holzshu, Bryan Hanypsiak, Aravind Athiviraham
Injuries are common in ice hockey, a contact sport where players skate at high speeds on a sheet of ice and shoot a vulcanized rubber puck in excess of one hundred miles per hour. This article reviews the diagnoses and treatment of concussions, injuries to the cervical spine, and lower and upper extremities as they pertain to hockey players. Soft tissue injury of the shoulder, acromioclavicular joint separation, glenohumeral joint dislocation, clavicle fractures, metacarpal fractures, and olecranon bursitis are discussed in the upper-extremity section of the article...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885451/visual-structure-and-function-in-collision-sport-athletes
#11
Danielle Leong, Christina Morettin, Leonard V Messner, Robert J Steinmetz, Yi Pang, Steven L Galetta, Laura J Balcer
BACKGROUND: Vision-based measures have been shown to be useful markers in multiple sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer and Parkinson disease. Therefore, these testing paradigms may have applications to populations explaining repetitive head trauma that has been associated with long-term neurodegenerative sequelae. We investigated retinal structure and visual function in professional collision sport athletes compared to age- and race-matched control participants. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, participants underwent spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurements of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular ganglion cell complex (GCC = ganglion cell + inner plexiform layers) thickness...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882920/the-hat-trick-programme-for-improving-physical-activity-healthy-eating-and-connectedness-among-overweight-inactive-men-study-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-feasibility-trial
#12
Cristina M Caperchione, Joan L Bottorff, John L Oliffe, Steven T Johnson, Kate Hunt, Paul Sharp, Kayla M Fitzpatrick, Ryley Price, S Larry Goldenberg
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity, healthy eating and maintaining a healthy weight are associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer and with improved mental health. Despite these benefits, many men do not meet recommended physical activity guidelines and have poor eating behaviours. Many health promotion programmes hold little appeal to men and consequently fail to influence men's health practices. HAT TRICK was designed as a 12-week face-to-face, gender-sensitised intervention for overweight and inactive men focusing on physical activity, healthy eating and social connectedness and was delivered in collaboration with a major junior Canadian ice hockey team (age range 16-20 years)...
September 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870119/a-history-of-concussions-is-associated-with-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-in-former-male-professional-athletes-across-a-range-of-sports
#13
Vincent Gouttebarge, Haruhito Aoki, Michael Lambert, William Stewart, Gino Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: Recent reports suggest that exposure to repetitive concussions in sports is associated with an increased risk of symptoms of distress, anxiety and depression, sleep disturbance or substance abuse/dependence (typically referred as symptoms of common mental disorders[CMD]) and of later development of neurodegenerative disease, in particular chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The primary aim of this study was to explore the relationship between sports career-related concussions and the subsequent occurrence of symptoms of CMD among former male professional athletes retired from football (soccer), ice hockey and rugby (union)...
September 13, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869996/-prevention-of-head-and-brain-injuries-in-football-is-there-a-need-to-ban-headings
#14
Volker Krutsch, Werner Krutsch, Petra Jansen, Helmut Hoffmann, Peter Angele, Jennifer Lehmann, Oliver Loose, Axel Gänsslen, Michael Nerlich, Johannes Weber
Football, the most popular sports worldwide, is associated with a high number of injuries. Head and brain injuries in football are less frequent, but may result in severe long-term damage. The mechanisms of these injuries in football are multifactorial, and the ball is rarely the main cause of a head injury. Short-term, medium-term and long-term consequences of headings in football are insufficiently examined, and there are hardly any case reports about severe episodes. Heading has been banned in US junior football since November 2015, which is understandable considering the higher risk for head injuries in popular American sports such as ice hockey or American football and people's fear associated with this risk...
September 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869402/the-epidemiology-of-back-neck-spine-injuries-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-men-s-and-women-s-ice-hockey-2009-2010-to-2014-2015
#15
Alyssa B Zupon, Zachary Y Kerr, Sara L Dalton, Thomas P Dompier, Elizabeth C Gardner
This study describes the epidemiology of back/neck/spine injuries in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) men's and women's ice hockey. Data from 66 NCAA men's and 29 women's ice hockey programmes (total of 147 and 67 team-seasons, respectively) were analysed from the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program during the 2009/2010-2014/2015 academic years. In the study period, 226 and 97 back/neck/spine injuries were reported in men and women, respectively, for injury rates of 0.56 and 0.65/1000 athlete exposures...
September 4, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858060/reliability-of-three-timing-systems-used-to-time-short-on-ice-skating-sprints-in-ice-hockey-players
#16
Colin W Bond, Emily M Willaert, Kyle E Rudningen, Benjamin C Noonan
Speed and acceleration are highly valued in ice hockey and frequently assessed using timing systems. Coaches must use reliable timing systems to assess these attributes, but many systems have not been thoroughly evaluated and the required number of sprint repetitions to obtain the coach's desired degree of reliability for a system may be impractical. This study aimed to compare the reliability of a single photocell (PC), a single laser with a microprocessor (LA), and a digital video camera (VC); and in doing so, evaluate the influence of completing additional sprint repetitions on each systems' reliability...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858056/putting-muscle-into-sports-analytics-strength-conditioning-and-ice-hockey-performance
#17
Kevin M Kniffin, Thomas Howley, Cole Bardreau
Sports analytics is best known as the field of research that focuses on discovering slight but significant improvements within competitions; however, broader sets of athlete- and team-level data from outside of competitions (e.g., strength and conditioning metrics) have been typically left out from such analyses. Given that strength and conditioning programs are perhaps the most common avenue through which people expect extra-competition progress to translate into within-competition performance, it is clear that strength and conditioning metrics warrant closer analytic attention...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851546/chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-integration-of-canonical-traumatic-brain-injury-secondary-injury-mechanisms-with-tau-pathology
#18
REVIEW
Jacqueline R Kulbe, Edward D Hall
In recent years, a new neurodegenerative tauopathy labeled Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE), has been identified that is believed to be primarily a sequela of repeated mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), often referred to as concussion, that occurs in athletes participating in contact sports (e.g. boxing, American football, Australian football, rugby, soccer, ice hockey) or in military combatants, especially after blast-induced injuries. Since the identification of CTE, and its neuropathological finding of deposits of hyperphosphorylated tau protein, mechanistic attention has been on lumping the disorder together with various other non-traumatic neurodegenerative tauopathies...
November 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828080/morphological-physiological-and-skating-performance-profiles-of-male-age-group-elite-ice-hockey-players
#19
Maxime Allisse, Pierre Sercia, Alain-Steve Comtois, Mario Leone
The purpose of this study was to describe the evolution of morphological, physiological and skating performance profiles of elite age-group ice hockey players based on repeated measures spread over one season. In addition, the results of fitness tests and training programs performed in off-ice conditions and their relationship with skating performance were analyzed. Eighteen high level age-group ice hockey players (13.1 ± 0.6 years) were assessed off and on-ice at the beginning and at the end of the hockey season...
September 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812036/incidence-of-sports-related-concussion-among-ncaa-women-s-ice-hockey-athletes
#20
Emily M Brook, Emily Kroshus, Caroline H Hu, Marissa Gedman, Jamie E Collins, Elizabeth G Matzkin
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the incidence of concussion and concussion symptom nondisclosure among collegiate women's ice hockey athletes. PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of sports-related concussion (SRC) in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) women's ice hockey athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was completed by 459 NCAA women's ice hockey athletes...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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