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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484694/developing-a-sustainable-need-based-pediatric-acute-care-training-curriculum-in-solomon-islands
#1
Daniel Ta Yo Yu, Jason T Gillon, Raymond Dickson, Karen A Schneider, Martha W Stevens
BACKGROUND: The Johns Hopkins Hospital Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) was invited to collaborate with the National Referral Hospital (NRH), Solomon Islands, to establish an acute care pediatric education program for the country's inaugural class of national medical graduate trainees. OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a sustainable, need-based post-graduate training curriculum in pediatric acute care, resuscitation, and point-of-care ultrasound. METHODS: A need-based training curriculum was developed utilizing the ADDIE model and was implemented and revised over the course of 2 years and two site visits...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430318/teaching-medical-students-ultrasound-guided-vascular-access-which-learning-method-is-best
#2
Alwin Lian, James C R Rippey, Peter J Carr
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasound is recommended to guide insertion of peripheral intravenous vascular cannulae (PIVC) where difficulty is experienced. Ultrasound machines are now common-place and junior doctors are often expected to be able to use them. The educational standards for this skill are highly varied, ranging from no education, to self-guided internet-based education, to formal, face-to-face traditional education. In an attempt to decide which educational technique our institution should introduce, a small pilot trial comparing educational techniques was designed...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384937/attitude-of-reproductive-healthcare-providers-to-prenatal-diagnosis-in-a-low-resource-nigerian-setting
#3
Leonard Ogbonna Ajah, Silas Alegu Nwali, Christopher Chim Amah, Theophilus Ogochukwu Nwankwo, Lucky Osaheni Lawani, Benjamin Chukwuma Ozumba
INTRODUCTION: Prenatal diagnosis comprises all diagnostic modalities aimed at gaining information about the embryo or fetal wellbeing. It enables antenatal care tailored to the individual need(s) of the fetus. AIM: To determine the knowledge, practice and prospect of prenatal diagnosis among reproductive health care providers in Abakaliki, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study in which completely filled self-administered semi-structured questionnaires were retrieved from 182 reproductive healthcare providers at Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki (FETHA)...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370388/quality-of-widely-available-video-instructional-materials-for-point-of-care-ultrasound-guided-procedure-training-in-internal-medicine
#4
Aditi Khandelwal, Luke A Devine, Mirek Otremba
OBJECTIVES: Many instructional materials for point-of-care ultrasound (US)-guided procedures exist; however, their quality is unknown. This study assessed widely available educational videos for point-of-care US-guided procedures relevant to internal medicine: central venous catheterization, thoracentesis, and paracentesis. METHODS: We searched Ovid MEDLINE, YouTube, and Google to identify videos for point-of-care US-guided paracentesis, thoracentesis, and central venous catheterization...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343558/simulator-based-obstetric-ultrasound-training-a-prospective-randomized-single-blinded-study
#5
Hadar Rosen, Rory Windrim, Yee Man Lee, Lara Gotha, Vsevolod Perelman, Stefania Ronzoni
OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of simulator-based and patient-based obstetric ultrasound training. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, single-blinded trial. Eighteen consenting obstetric trainees with minimal previous ultrasound exposure were recruited. Enrolled patients were also fully consenting. Mid-trimester fetal brain anatomy in the standard planes (i.e., biparietal diameter and head circumference, cavum septum pellucidum, posterior fossa, and lateral ventricle) was chosen as a surrogate for all fetal anatomy ultrasound training...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259605/hands-on-physics-education-of-residents-in-diagnostic-radiology
#6
Jie Zhang, Peter A Hardy, David J DiSantis, M Elizabeth Oates
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The American Board of Radiology Core Examination integrates assessment of physics knowledge into its overall testing of clinical radiology, with an emphasis on understanding image quality and artifacts, radiation dose, and patient safety for each modality or subspecialty organ system. Accordingly, achieving a holistic approach to physics education of radiology residents is a huge challenge. The traditional teaching of radiological physics-simply through didactic lectures-was not designed for such a holistic approach...
March 1, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247975/integrating-ultrasound-into-modern-medical-curricula
#7
REVIEW
Shilpan G Patel, Brion Benninger, S Ali Mirjalili
Ultrasonography is widely practiced in many disciplines. It is becoming increasingly important to design well-structured curricula to introduce imaging to students during medical school. This review aims to analyze the literature for evidence of how ultrasonography has been incorporated into anatomy education in medical school curricula worldwide. A literature search was conducted using multiple databases with the keywords: "Ultrasound OR Ultrasonographic examination*" and "Medical student* OR Undergraduate teaching* OR Medical education*" and "Anatomy* OR Living anatomy* OR Real-time anatomy...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228698/current-and-prospective-use-of-musculoskeletal-diagnostic-ultrasound-imaging-at-chiropractic-teaching-institutions-a-worldwide-survey-of-diagnostic-imaging-staff
#8
Rogan E A Henderson, Bruce F Walker, Kenneth J Young
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to survey the use of musculoskeletal diagnostic ultrasound imaging (MSK-DUSI) at chiropractic educational programs worldwide and to elicit opinions of academic diagnostic imaging staff of its prospective use at their teaching institutions. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was delivered in 2014 using SurveyMonkey and notifications were disseminated by e-mail to 127 diagnostic imaging staff at chiropractic programs worldwide...
March 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216698/clinical-application-of-point-of-care-transthoracic-echocardiography-in-perioperative-period
#9
REVIEW
Swaroop Margale, Kurichi Marudhachalam, Sarvesh Natani
Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) has established its role for diagnosis and management in cardiology and is used by various other specialities in medicine, but it is not routinely practised by anaesthesiologists in the perioperative period including the pre-admission clinic/outpatient clinic. The last decade has seen the emerging role of anaesthesiologist as a 'Perioperative physician'. This review article highlights the potential role and clinical utility, education, teaching and limitations of point of care (POC) TTE modality in perioperative care...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211003/an-easy-to-build-low-budget-point-of-care-ultrasound-simulator-from-linux-to-a-web-based-solution
#10
Domagoj Damjanovic, Ulrich Goebel, Benedikt Fischer, Martin Huth, Hartmut Breger, Hartmut Buerkle, Axel Schmutz
BACKGROUND: Hands-on training in point-of-care ultrasound (POC-US) should ideally comprise bedside teaching, as well as simulated clinical scenarios. High-fidelity phantoms and portable ultrasound simulation systems are commercially available, however, at considerable costs. This limits their suitability for medical schools. A Linux-based software for Emergency Department Ultrasound Simulation (edus2TM) was developed by Kulyk and Olszynski in 2011. Its feasibility for POC-US education has been well-documented, and shows good acceptance...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118684/ultrasound-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-systematic-and-critical-review
#11
REVIEW
Zac Feilchenfeld, Tim Dornan, Cynthia Whitehead, Ayelet Kuper
CONTEXT: The use of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) in clinical care is growing rapidly and advocates have recently proposed the integration of ultrasound into undergraduate medical education (UME). The evidentiary basis for this integration has not been evaluated critically or systematically. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a critical and systematic review framed by the rationales enumerated in academic publications by advocates of ultrasound in UME. METHODS: This research was conducted in two phases...
January 24, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116017/emergency-medicine-resident-orientation-how-training-programs-get-their-residents-started
#12
Jillian McGrath, Michael Barrie, David P Way
INTRODUCTION: The first formal orientation program for incoming emergency medicine (EM) residents was started in 1976. The last attempt to describe the nature of orientation programs was by Brillman in 1995. Now almost all residencies offer orientation to incoming residents, but little is known about the curricular content or structure of these programs. The purpose of this project was to describe the current composition and purpose of EM resident orientation programs in the United States...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045758/a-virtual-reality-simulation-model-of-spinal-ultrasound-role-in-teaching-spinal-sonoanatomy
#13
Reva Ramlogan, Ahtsham U Niazi, Rongyu Jin, James Johnson, Vincent W Chan, Anahi Perlas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound assessment of the lumbar spine improves the success of spinal and epidural anesthesia, especially for patients with underlying difficult anatomy. To assist with the teaching and learning of ultrasound-guided neuraxial anesthesia, we have created an online interactive educational model (http://www.usra.ca/vspine.php and http://pie.med.utoronto.ca/vspine). The aim of the current study was to determine whether the virtual spine model improved the knowledge of neuraxial anatomy and sonoanatomy...
March 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040615/should-procedural-skills-be-a-part-of-the-acute-care-nurse-practitioner-curriculum
#14
Amita Avadhani
Invasive procedures are an integral component of the time sensitive management of the acute and critically ill patients. Acute Care Nurse Practitioner (ACNP) students aspiring to be employed in their roles in the acute care settings cannot be autonomous in their practices unless they have a minimum level of proficiency to perform life sustaining invasive procedures. Offering additional level of benefits of safety and quality in healthcare, simulation as a teaching method has grown in popularity among various levels of education among variety of disciplines...
March 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943456/implementation-of-a-4-year-point-of-care-ultrasound-curriculum-in-a-liaison-committee-on-medical-education-accredited-us-medical-school
#15
Sean P Wilson, Jason M Mefford, Shadi Lahham, Shahram Lotfipour, Mohammad Subeh, Gracie Maldonado, Sophie Spann, John C Fox
OBJECTIVES: The established benefits of point-of-care ultrasound have given rise to multiple new and innovative curriculums to incorporate ultrasound teaching into medical education. This study sought to measure the educational success of a comprehensive and integrated 4-year point-of-care ultrasound curriculum. METHODS: We integrated a curriculum consisting of traditional didactics combined with asynchronous learning modules and hands-on practice on live models with skilled sonographers into all 4 years of education at a Liaison Committee on Medical Education-accredited US Medical School...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943372/imperfect-practice-makes-perfect-error-management-training-improves-transfer-of-learning
#16
Liv Dyre, Ann Tabor, Charlotte Ringsted, Martin G Tolsgaard
CONTEXT: Traditionally, trainees are instructed to practise with as few errors as possible during simulation-based training. However, transfer of learning may improve if trainees are encouraged to commit errors. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of error management instructions compared with error avoidance instructions during simulation-based ultrasound training. METHODS: Medical students (n = 60) with no prior ultrasound experience were randomised to error management training (EMT) (n = 32) or error avoidance training (EAT) (n = 28)...
February 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933321/introduction-of-basic-dermatologic-ultrasound-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#17
F Alfageme, E Cerezo, I S Fernandez, R Aguilo, A Vilas-Sueiro, G Roustan
Purpose: Teaching ultrasound procedures to undergraduates has recently been proposed to improve the quality of medical education. We address the impact of applying standardized dermatologic ultrasound teaching to our undergraduates. Materials and Methods: Medical students were offered an additional theoretical and practical seminar involving hands-on ultrasound dermatologic ultrasound during their mandatory dermatology practical training. The students' theoretical knowledge and dermatologic ultrasoud skills were tested with a multiple choice questionnaire extracted from Level 1 Spanish Society of Ultrasound Dermatologic Ultrasound accreditation exam before and after the course...
November 2016: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909799/thyroid-gland-visualization-with-3d-4d-ultrasound-integrated-hands-on-imaging-in-anatomical-dissection-laboratory
#18
John L Carter, Ankura Patel, Gabriel Hocum, Brion Benninger
PURPOSE: In teaching anatomy, clinical imaging has been utilized to supplement the traditional dissection laboratory promoting education through visualization of spatial relationships of anatomical structures. Viewing the thyroid gland using 3D/4D ultrasound can be valuable to physicians as well as students learning anatomy. The objective of this study was to investigate the perceptions of first-year medical students regarding the integration of 3D/4D ultrasound visualization of spatial anatomy during anatomical education...
May 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895830/development-of-a-subspecialty-cardiology-curriculum-for-paediatric-registrars-in-malawi-implementation-of-a-long-distance-hybrid-model
#19
Laura Newberry, Neil Kennedy, Elizabeth A Greene
BACKGROUND: Malawi has a high burden of paediatric cardiac disease but a limited number of health providers familiar with these chronic diseases. Given the rising number of Malawian postgraduate paediatric trainees at the University of Malawi College of Medicine, we sought to remedy this lack of basic cardiology training with a long-distance, module-based curriculum that could be utilised independently, as needed, with on-site teaching. We also wished to evaluate the initial modules for utility and improvement in knowledge and confidence in each topic...
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863720/can-residents-detect-errors-in-technique-while-observing-central-line-insertions
#20
Kevin Pei, Jonathan Merola, Kimberly A Davis, Walter E Longo
BACKGROUND: Procedural teaching and the ability to detect and correct errors are important components of surgical education. This study evaluates whether review of an instructional video will improve residents' ability to detect errors. We hypothesized that clinical experience and confidence do not correlate with ability to detect errors. METHODS: Participants were randomized to 2 groups: the study group viewed an instructional video demonstrating correct technique, whereas the control group did not view the instructional video...
October 19, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
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