Read by QxMD icon Read

Treatment seasonal allergies

A Linneberg, K Dam Petersen, J Hahn-Pedersen, E Hammerby, N Serup-Hansen, N Boxall
This meta-analysis compared the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and/or allergic asthma (AA) caused by perennial house dust mite (HDM) versus AR and/or AA caused by seasonal pollen allergy. Following a systematic search, the identified studies used the disease-specific rhinitis quality of life questionnaire or generic instruments (SF-36 and SF-12). Summary estimates obtained by meta-analysis showed that HRQL in patients with perennial HDM allergy was significantly worse than that of patients with seasonal pollen allergy, when measured by both disease-specific and generic HRQL instruments, and was reflected by an impact on both physical and mental health...
2016: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
Nancy F Crum-Cianflone
Background.  Invasive aspergillosis may occur in the setting of severe influenza infections due to viral-induced respiratory epithelium disruption and impaired immune effects, but data are limited. Methods.  A retrospective study was conducted among severe influenza cases requiring medical intensive care unit (ICU) admission at an academic center during the 2015-2016 season. Data collected included respiratory cultures, medical conditions and immunosuppressants, laboratory and radiographic data, and outcomes...
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Radoslaw Gawlik, Alicja Grzanka, Barbara Jawor, Eugeniusz Czecior
INTRODUCTION: A pathomechanism of allergic rhinitis is complex. A neurogenic mechanism seems to play a significant role in this phenomenon. AIM: The evaluation of influence of specific immunotherapy of mugwort pollen allergic patients on the bradykinin concentration in the nasal lavage fluid. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 22 seasonal allergic rhinitis patients. Thirty persons with monovalent allergy to mugwort pollen, confirmed with skin prick tests and allergen-specific immunoglobulin E, underwent a 3-year-long allergen immunotherapy with the mugwort extract (Allergovit, Allergopharma, Germany)...
August 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
(no author information available yet)
The purpose of this statement is to update recommendations for the routine use of seasonal influenza vaccine and antiviral medications for the prevention and treatment of influenza in children. The AAP recommends annual seasonal influenza immunization for everyone 6 months and older, including children and adolescents. Highlights for the upcoming 2016-2017 season include the following: 1. Annual universal influenza immunization is indicated with either a trivalent or quadrivalent (no preference) inactivated vaccine...
September 6, 2016: Pediatrics
Christine Vatovec, Patrick Phillips, Emily Van Wagoner, Tia-Marie Scott, Edward Furlong
Pharmaceutical pollution in surface waters poses risks to human and ecosystem health. Wastewater treatment facilities are primary sources of pharmaceutical pollutants, but little is known about the factors that affect drugs entering the wastewater stream. This paper investigates the effects of student pharmaceutical use and disposal behaviors and an annual demographic shift on pharmaceutical pollution in a university town. We sampled wastewater effluent during a ten-day annual spring student move-out period at the University of Vermont...
August 29, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Emine Güven Sakalar, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Murat Kar, Cemal Cingi
Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) refers to the combination of asthma, chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis, and acute upper and lower respiratory tract reactions to the ingestion of aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, ASA) and other cyclooxygenase-1 inhibiting non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. AERD affects 0.3-0.9 % of the general population. AERD generally occurs due to abnormalities in mediators and expression of arachidonic acid biosynthesis. Local IgE responses to staphylococcal enterotoxins may also be responsible for eosinophilic activation in the nasal polyp tissues of AERD patients...
August 18, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Stephen R Durham, Peter S Creticos, Harold S Nelson, Ziliang Li, Amarjot Kaur, Eli O Meltzer, Hendrik Nolte
BACKGROUND: Data comparing the treatment effect of allergy immunotherapy and pharmacotherapy are lacking. OBJECTIVE: We sought to indirectly compare the treatment effect of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT)-tablets with pharmacotherapy for seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) and perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR). METHODS: Pooled data from randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials for the clinical development programs of selected allergic rhinitis treatments were evaluated...
October 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Marcus Shaker, Erin Salcone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The update reviews prevalence, classification, cause, and treatment options for allergic eye disease. RECENT FINDINGS: The incidence of allergic eye disease is underreported but may affect almost all patients with allergic rhinitis. Increased rates of oculonasal symptoms have been reported in the United States resulting in significant economic expenditures. The spectrum of allergic conjunctivitis and its differential considerations include seasonal and perennial conjunctivitis, vernal and atopic keratoconjunctivitis, and giant papillary conjunctivitis...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Ayfer Yukselen
Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is the only curative way that can change the immunologic response to allergens and thus can modify the natural progression of allergic diseases. There are some important criteria which contributes significantly on efficacy of AIT, such as the allergen extract used for treatment, the dose and protocol, patient selection in addition to the severity and control of asthma. The initiation of AIT in allergic asthma should be considered in intermittent, mild and moderate cases which coexisting with other allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis, and in case of unacceptable adverse effects of medications...
July 2016: Asia Pacific Allergy
Bruce M Prenner
A novel intranasal formulation of azelastine HCl (AZE, an antihistamine) and fluticasone propionate (FP, a corticosteroid) in a single spray (MP-AzeFlu [Dymista®]) was studied in four randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis conducted in the US. Study sites were distributed so that all major US geographic regions and the prevalent pollens within these regions were represented. Spring and summer studies included patients aged 12 years and older with allergy to grass and tree pollens...
2016: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
Marianella Paz Lansberg, Marcy DeTineo, James Lane, Jayant M Pinto, Fuad M Baroody, Robert M Naclerio
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis is a common disorder that leads to a negative impact on quality of life. Multiple options are available for treatment of the symptoms, but preventing the reaction should be an effective strategy. OBJECTIVE: We tested a nasal spray that contained microcrystalline cellulose designed to limit airborne allergens from penetrating the nasal mucosa (nasal blocker) and, therefore, prevent the initiation of the allergic reaction. METHODS: We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-way crossover clinical trial with 20 subjects who had a history of seasonal grass and/or ragweed allergy symptoms...
July 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
I A Guvenc, N Bayar Muluk, F S Mutlu, E Eski, N Altintoprak, T Oktemer, C Cingi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical evidence for the efficacy of probiotics in the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to review the results of all randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials by following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Statement. Primary outcome measurements were total nasal and ocular symptom scores (SS) and quality of life (QoL) questionnaires. Secondary outcome measurements were individual nasal SS and immunologic parameters...
July 20, 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Jean-Luc Fauquert, Monika Jedrzejczak-Czechowicz, Carmen Rondon, Virginia Calder, Diana Silva, Bente Krane Kvenshagen, Ina Caillebaut, Pia Allegri, Natacha Santos, Serge Doan, Daniel Perez Formigo, Frédéric Chiambaretta, Luis Delgado, Andrea Leonardi
Conjunctival allergen provocation test (CAPT) reproduces the events occurring by instilling an allergen on the ocular surface. This paper is the compilation of a task force focussed on practical aspects of this technique based on the analysis of 131 papers. Main mechanisms involved are reviewed. Indications are diagnosing the allergen(s) triggering symptoms in IgE-mediated ocular allergy in seasonal, acute or perennial forms of allergic conjunctivitis, especially when the relevance of the allergen is not obvious or in polysensitized patients...
July 19, 2016: Allergy
H Philpott, S Nandurkar, S G Royce, F Thien, P R Gibson
BACKGROUND: The use of allergy tests to guide dietary treatment for eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) is controversial and data are limited. Aeroallergen sensitisation patterns and food triggers have been defined in Northern Hemisphere cohorts only. AIMS: To determine if allergy tests that are routinely available can predict food triggers in adult patients with EoE. To define the food triggers and aeroallergen sensitisation patterns in a novel Southern Hemisphere (Australian) cohort of patients...
August 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Johannes Martin Schmid, Homaira Nezam, Hans Henrik Torp Madsen, Alexander Schmitz, Hans Jürgen Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Allergen Immunotherapy is a promising treatment of allergy. Seven patients with rhinoconjunctivitis to grass allergen were treated with intralymphatic immunotherapy (ILIT) to explore whether this treatment could be performed. Effect of treatment was assessed as change in symptom medication score, response in skin prick test and nasal allergen provocation. ILIT deposits allergen in an inguinal lymph node to elicit a strong immune stimulus. This allowed us to monitor appearance of allergen specific plasmablasts 7 days after allergen injection...
2016: Clinical and Translational Allergy
Lin Chen, Lianhong Pi, Jing Fang, Xinke Chen, Ning Ke, Qing Liu
PURPOSE: To identify the prevalence of dry eye in pediatric population with allergic conjunctivitis in Southwest China. METHODS: A single-centre, prospective, case-control study conducted between May 2015 and December 2015 included 40 children, 3-6 years of age, with seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC) or perennial allergic conjunctivitis (PAC) and 40 age- and gender-matched children undergoing medical healthy examination without history of allergy or dry eye as a control...
May 26, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Alan Wayne Jones
Knowledge about the history and development of therapeutic agents holds a central position in the education and training of pharmacists and pharmacologists. Students enjoy learning about the discovery of drugs, including details about the pioneer workers involved (apothecaries, organic chemists, pharmacologists, and physiologists) and the role played by serendipity. The treatment of people suffering from allergies and the development of drugs that block the actions of histamine at H1 and H2 receptors are the subject of this review...
January 2016: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
Semiha Bahceci Erdem, Hikmet Tekin Nacaroglu, Sait Karaman, Canan Sule Unsal Karkıner, Ilker Gunay, Done Dogan, Suna Asilsoy, Serdar Altınoz, Demet Can
OBJECTIVES: Even though allergen immunotherapy is an effective treatment method that has been used on rhinitis, asthma and venom anaphylaxis for over 100 years, systemic reactions (SRs) limit the use of this treatment method. We classified SRs associated with subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) according to the World Allergy Organization Subcutaneous Immunotherapy Systemic Reaction Grading System. Risk factors for the SRs were assessed. METHODS: In this study 67,758 injections to 1350 children with allergic rhinitis and/or asthma were analyzed throughout January 1999-December 2014...
May 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Margaret Redmond, Erin Kempe, Kasey Strothman, Kara Wada, Rebecca Scherzer, David R Stukus
BACKGROUND: In recent years, increased awareness of food allergy management has focused on the school setting. A lack of awareness and relevant literature prompted evaluation of the camp experience. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the prevalence of food allergies among children attending an overnight summer camp and to evaluate the knowledge and comfort of camp personnel before and after a training session. METHODS: The database for the 2014 season at Flying Horse Farms was reviewed for information pertaining to food allergies and provision of epinephrine and treatment plans...
April 2, 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Umur Hatipoğlu, Ahila Subramanian, Timothy Campbell, Richard Rice, Srinivas Mummadi, Bo Hu, David M Lang
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal variability in serum IgE levels has not been prospectively studied in people with moderate to severe allergic asthma. OBJECTIVE: We investigated change in serum IgE concentrations over 1 year, and its relationship with lung function, asthma control, asthma pharmacotherapy, allergy season, asthma exacerbations, body mass index, and demographic factors. METHODS: Seventeen patients with moderate to severe persistent allergic asthma were followed for 1 year...
July 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"