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Giulia Cossu, Roy T Daniel, Patrick Francois, Christophe Destrieux, Mahmoud Messerer
BACKGROUND: Isolated sphenoid mucoceles are rare, but because of their close proximity to important vasculonervous structures, local extension may result in serious consequences. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 47-year-old patient presented with headaches, meningismus, and a left homonymous lateral hemianopia. We report the atypical evolution of a posttraumatic sphenoid mucocele invading the sellar region and extending into the subarachnoid space with compression of the right optic tract, and we describe its surgical management...
May 2018: World Neurosurgery
Brian Mac Grory, Linh Vu, Shawna Cutting, Evadne Marcolini, Christopher Gottschalk, David Greer
INTRODUCTION: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a life-threatening emergency that is frequently missed due to its varied and often subtle presentation. The most common presentation of SAH is with a severe headache. The classical adjective used in SAH is "thunderclap"; however, this has not been well defined in the literature, rendering it a challenge to triage patients in clinical practice presenting with severe headache. METHODS: We undertook a prospective, observational study at a tertiary academic medical center examining the clinical characteristics of the presenting headache in SAH...
March 2018: Headache
Michael J Bradshaw, Karen C Bloch, L Taylor Davis, Laura D Craig-Owens, Kim Ely, Reid Longmuir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: Neurology
Hye Lim Park, Ie Ryung Yoo, Sonya Youngju Park
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease is a rare multisystemic granulomatous autoimmune disorder affecting pigmented tissues such as the choroid, meninges, inner ear, and the skin. Neurologic symptoms are usually mild. Clinical manifestations include generalized muscle weakness, headache, meningismus, vertigo, decreased visual acuity, hearing loss and mental changes ranging from mild confusion to psychosis, hemiparesis, dysarthria, and aphasia. Seizures are very rare. We describe a case of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and software-fused PET-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease with seizure...
June 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Athanasios K Petridis, Marcel A Kamp, Jan F Cornelius, Thomas Beez, Kerim Beseoglu, Bernd Turowski, Hans-Jakob Steiger
BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is associated with a mortality of more than 30%. Only about 30% of patients with SAB recover sufficiently to return to independent living. METHODS: This article is based on a selective review of pertinent literature retrieved by a PubMed search. RESULTS: Acute, severe headache, typically described as the worst headache of the patient's life, and meningismus are the characteristic manifestations of SAH...
March 31, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Carol Kao, Wendy Szymczak, Iona Munjal
Introduction.Moraxella nonliquefaciens is an unusual organism to be isolated from cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and there exists only one case report of M. nonliquefaciens meningitis from a neonate. Moraxella species normally exist as part of the human upper respiratory tract flora and rarely cause invasive human disease. There are only a handful of case reports implicating the organism as a cause of endocarditis, bacteraemia, septic arthritis and endophthalmitis. Identification to the species level based on routine laboratory techniques has been challenging, with final identification often made through 16S rRNA sequencing...
February 2017: JMM Case Reports
L Castilla-Guerra, M C Fernandez-Moreno, S Vergara-Lopez, M Merino-Rumin, M A Colmenero-Camacho
INTRODUCTION: Tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF) can cause neurological complications. There are hardly any studies in Spain on this subject. AIM: To study the prevalence and clinical characteristics of neurological complications of patients with TBRF. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all the patients attended with TBRF over 12 years (2004-2015) in a hospital in a rural area of southern Spain. RESULTS: We included 75 patients, 42 males (56%)...
September 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
Admasu Tenna Mamuye, Ethan Bornstein, Obsie Temesgen, Henry M Blumberg, Russell R Kempker
In a cross-sectional study among hospitalized human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in Ethiopia, we sought to determine the rates and predictors of cryptococcal disease and evaluate the test performance of a recently introduced point-of-care test for Cryptococcus neoformans detection in various biological samples. We tested serum, urine, and fingerstick blood samples from each patient with a cryptococcal antigen lateral flow assay (CRAG LFA; Immuno Mycologic Inc., Norman, OK). Cerebrospinal fluid was collected at the discretion of the treating physician...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
A Kamawal, M A Schmidt, O Rompel, G C Gusek-Schneider, C Y Mardin, R Trollmann
Complications of acute bacterial sinusitis mostly occur in children and adolescents. In particular, intracranial spread of the infection can lead to severe even fatal courses of the disease. This article is a case report about a 13-year-old boy suffering from left-sided headache, meningismus and exophthalmos as presenting symptoms. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed merely right-sided sphenoid sinusitis; however, the diffusion-weighted MRI sequence indicated a left-sided cavernous sinus thrombosis, which could be confirmed by computed tomography (CT) angiography...
May 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Aakash Kaushik Shah, Andrey Bilko, James Kimo Takayesu
BACKGROUND: Epidural steroid injections are frequently used to treat back and extremity pain. The procedure is generally safe, with a low rate of adverse events, including intrathecal entry, pneumocephalus, and chemical meningitis. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 45-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department (ED) with headache, nausea, vomiting, and photophobia after a lumbar epidural steroid injection. She was afebrile and had an elevated white blood cell count...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Anil V Israni, Divya A Dave, Anirban Mandal, Amitabh Singh, Puneet K Sahi, Rashmi Ranjan Das, Arpita Shah
CONTEXT: Childhood tuberculosis is a major public health problem in developing countries with tubercular meningitis being a serious complication with high mortality and morbidity. AIM: To study the clinicopathological as well as radiological profile of childhood tuberculous meningitis (TBM) cases. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective, observational study including children <14 years of age with TBM admitted in a tertiary care hospital from Western India...
July 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Ghazala A Datoo O'Keefe, Narsing A Rao
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, a severe bilateral granulomatous intraocular inflammation associated with serous retinal detachments, disk edema, and vitritis, with eventual development of a sunset glow fundus, is an autoimmune inflammatory condition mediated by T cells that target melanocytes in individuals susceptible to the disease. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease presents clinically in 4 different phases: prodromal, uveitic, convalescent, and recurrent, with extraocular manifestations including headache, meningismus, hearing loss, poliosis, and vitiligo, to varying degrees...
January 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
Saad Akhtar, Abdul Azeem, Amyna Jiwani, Gohar Javed
INTRODUCTION: There are variations in the anatomy of the vertebrobasilar system amongst which the Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery-Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery (AICA-PICA) variant is thought to have a prevalence of 20-24% (based on retrospective studies). Despite this, aneurysms of the AICA-PICA variant are rare. We present a case of an AICA-PICA aneurysm and discuss its presentation and management, along with a review of literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We describe the case of a 35 year old female who presented with signs of meningismus...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Pamela Talley, Stacy Holzbauer, Kirk Smith, William Pomputius
On April 20, 2015, a female aged 15 years sought care at her pediatrician's office after 5 days of fever, myalgia, left parietal headache, and photophobia. A rapid influenza assay was negative, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate and total white blood cell count were normal. She improved with symptomatic care at home, but returned to her pediatrician's office on April 28, reporting recurrence of her headache and photophobia and new onset of a stiff neck. She was admitted to the hospital, where she was febrile to 102...
March 11, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Armond S Goldman, Elisabeth J Schmalstieg, Charles F Dreyer, Frank C Schmalstieg, Daniel A Goldman
In 2003, we published evidence that the most likely cause of FDR's 1921 neurological disease was Guillain-Barré syndrome. Afterwards, several historians and neurologists stated in their publications that FDR had paralytic poliomyelitis. However, significant criticism of our article or new support for that diagnosis was not revealed. One critic claimed that FDR's cerebrospinal fluid indicated poliomyelitis, but we did not find evidence that a lumbar puncture was performed. The diagnosis of FDR's neurological disease still depends upon documented clinical abnormalities...
November 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
Mehrdad Hosseinzadeh Bakhtevari, Guive Sharifi, Reza Jabbari, Misagh Shafizad, Mona Rezaei, Mohammad Samadian, Omidvar Rezaei
BACKGROUND: Colloid cysts are benign third ventricle lesions that need to be diagnosed correctly because of their association with sudden death. Chemical or aseptic meningitis is a rare presentation of a colloid cyst. METHODS: We present a case of a 69-year-old man with fever, alteration of mental status, and meningismus. Microbiological examination of the cerebrospinal fluid revealed aseptic meningitis. Brain imaging revealed a third ventricular colloid cyst with hydrocephalus...
December 2015: World Neurosurgery
Serhan Derin, Murat Sahan, Derya Burcu Hazer, Leyla Sahan
Paranasal sinus infections are very common. Dental infections, tumours and anatomical malformations can cause unilateral sinusitis. Most cases can be treated without complications. However, rare life-threatening intracranial complications can occur. Generally, an intracranial complication progresses rapidly and can cause meningismus, focal neurological disorders, loss of consciousness and seizures. In such cases, an emergency craniotomy and concurrent sinus surgery are required. This article presents a 16-year-old patient with pansinusitis and subdural empyema that developed after a dental abscess...
June 29, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Rasim Babayev, Murat Şakir Ekşi
Spinal epidural hematoma is a rare neurosurgical emergency in respect of motor and sensory loss. Identifiable reasons for spontaneous hemorrhage are vascular malformations and hemophilias. We presented a case of spontaneous epidural hematoma in an 18-year-old female patient who had motor and sensory deficits that had been present for 1 day. On MRI, there was spinal epidural hematoma posterior to the T2-T3 spinal cord. The hematoma was evacuated with T2 hemilaminectomy and T3 laminectomy. Patient recovered immediately after the surgery...
January 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Jayesh P Thawani, Nikhil R Nayak, Jared M Pisapia, Dmitriy Petrov, Bryan A Pukenas, Robert W Hurst, Michelle J Smith
BACKGROUND: Intracranial vasculopathy in adult patients with human-acquired immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a rare but increasingly recognized disease entity. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to contribute to and summarize the adult literature describing patients with HIV/AIDS who have intracranial vasculopathy. METHODS: A retrospective review of adult patients with HIV/AIDS undergoing diagnostic cerebral angiography at our institution from 2007-2013 was performed...
August 2015: Interventional Neuroradiology
Kevin T Huang, Wenya Linda Bi, Timothy R Smith, Amir A Zamani, Ian F Dunn, Edward R Laws
PURPOSE: Intrasellar abscess is an uncommon cause of mass lesions in the sella turcica. Few cases have been reported in the literature, and much remains unknown about the etiology and diagnosis of these lesions. We sought to review a series of patients with intrasellar abscess encountered at our institution and identify defining characteristics of their presentation and management. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review for intrasellar infection cases associated with a mass lesion...
October 2015: Pituitary
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