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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239112/male-reproductive-tract-and-spermatozoa-ultrastructure-in-the-grasshopper-orphulella-punctata-de-geer-1773-insecta-orthoptera-caelifera
#1
Daniela Santos Martins Silva, Jamile Fernanda Silva Cossolin, Marcelo Ribeiro Pereira, José Lino-Neto, Carlos Frankl Sperber, José Eduardo Serrão
Identification Orphulellini grasshoppers (Acrididae: Gomphocerinae) species has been difficult due to high polymorphism rate. Orphulella Giglio-Tos, 1894 is a genus with widespread geographical distribution and poor descriptions. Orphulella punctata (De Geer, 1773) has an extensive record of occurrence and available information about the phallic complex, however, there is poor data describing other parts of the male reproductive tract. The objective of this study was characterizes the internal organs of the male reproductive system and spermatozoa of O...
December 14, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232243/artifactual-hepatic-metastasis-on-fdg-pet-ct-secondary-to-cryoablation-for-adrenal-metastasis
#2
Joseph Frankl, Naghmehossadat Eshghi, Tamara F Lundeen, Phillip H Kuo
A 65-year-old woman with metastatic lung cancer was referred for CT-guided cryoablation of a right adrenal metastasis. For cryoablation, probes were placed into the adrenal region. FDG PET/CT 3 months later showed new activity in hepatic segment 6 initially suspected to be metastasis. Proximity of the hepatic lesion to the adrenal metastasis was a strange coincidence and prompted review of imaging from the cryoablation. CT showed the probe entered the liver, and postablation image demonstrated injury to the liver adjacent to the adrenal metastasis...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216407/an-open-label-positron-emission-tomography-pet-study-to-evaluate-serotonin-transporter-occupancy-following-escalating-dosing-regimens-of-r-o-desmethylvenlafaxine-and-racemic-o-desmethylvenlafaxine
#3
W Gordon Frankle, Brigitte Robertson, Gary Maier, Jennifer Paris, Deanna Asmonga, Maureen May, Michael L Himes, N Scott Mason, Chester A Mathis, Rajesh Narendran
INTRODUCTION: SEP-227162 [R(-)-O-desmethylvenlafaxine] is an enantiomer of the venlafaxine metabolite O-desmethylvenlafaxine (ODV, Pristiq™, Wyeth). This study compared the serotonin transporter occupancy achieved by SEP-227162 and ODV, at daily doses of 25mg, 50mg, 100mg and 150mg using [11 C]DASB positron emission tomography (PET). METHODS: Sixteen healthy male subjects participated in one of four dose groups (N = 4 per group) during which they were administered two doses of the study drug (SEP-227162 or ODV)...
December 7, 2017: Synapse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209770/androgen-and-estrogen-sensitivity-of-bird-song-a-comparative-view-on-gene-regulatory-levels
#4
REVIEW
Carolina Frankl-Vilches, Manfred Gahr
Singing of songbirds is sensitive to testosterone and its androgenic and estrogenic metabolites in a species-specific way. The hormonal effects on song pattern are likely mediated by androgen receptors (AR) and estrogen receptor alpha (ERα), ligand activated transcription factors that are expressed in neurons of various areas of the songbirds' vocal control circuit. The distribution of AR in this circuit is rather similar between species while that of ERα is species variant and concerns a key vocal control area, the HVC (proper name)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175353/classification-of-instability-after-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-guides-surgical-management-and-outcomes
#5
Adham Abdelfattah, Randall J Otto, Peter Simon, Kaitlyn N Christmas, Gregory Tanner, Joey LaMartina, Jonathan C Levy, Derek J Cuff, Mark A Mighell, Mark A Frankle
BACKGROUND: Revision of unstable reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) remains a significant challenge. The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of a new treatment-guiding classification for instability after RSA, to describe the clinical outcomes of patients stabilized operatively, and to identify those with higher risk of recurrence. METHODS: All patients undergoing revision for instability after RSA were identified at our institution. Demographic, clinical, radiographic, and intraoperative data were collected...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147888/a-study-of-parental-presence-absence-technique-for-child-dental-behaviour-management
#6
V Boka, K Arapostathis, G Charitoudis, J Veerkamp, C van Loveren, N Kotsanos
AIM: To examine the effectiveness of parental presence/absence (PPA) technique on the dental behaviour management of children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomised control study recruited 61 child dental patients with uncooperative behaviour (Frankl 1 or 2) managed with AAPD-endorsed non-pharmacological techniques at a post-graduate university clinic. PPA was only used in the test group (31 children). Using a mini video-tape device, recording commenced at the onset of uncooperative behaviour and this was later rated, minute by minute, by a blinded experienced paediatric dentist...
December 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135662/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-the-treatment-of-rotator-cuff-deficiency-a-concise-follow-up-at-a-minimum-of-10-years-of-previous-reports
#7
Derek J Cuff, Derek R Pupello, Brandon G Santoni, Rachel E Clark, Mark A Frankle
We previously evaluated 94 patients (96 shoulders) who underwent reverse shoulder arthroplasty using a central compressive screw with 5.0-mm peripheral locking screws for baseplate fixation and a center of rotation lateral to the glenoid as treatment for end-stage rotator cuff deficiency. The purpose of this study was to report updated results at a minimum follow-up of 10 years. Forty patients (42 shoulders) were available for clinical follow-up. In the patients available for study, implant survivorship, with the end point being revision for any reason, was 90...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118597/comments-on-the-recent-changes-in-taxonomy-of-pygmy-unicorns-with-description-of-a-new-species-of-metopomystrum-from-brazil-insecta-tetrigidae-cleostratini-miriatrini
#8
Daniela Santos Martins Silva, Josip Skejo, Marcelo Ribeiro Pereira, Fernando Campos De Domenico, Carlos Frankl Sperber
The tribe Cleostratini Bolívar, 1887 sensu Storozhenko, 2016 does not represent a monophyletic taxon because it gathers various Tetrigidae genera with various types of horn and prolongation of frons or vertex. Prolongation of these structures is present in morphologically and biogeographically distant groups. We do not regard Miriatrini Cadena-Castañeda & Cardona, 2015 synonymous with Cleostratini because the genus Miriatra Bolívar, 1906 belongs to a group of genera distant from Cleostratus Stål, 1877. There is no adequate diagnosis for proposed groups of genera forming tribes Cleostratini or Miriatrini...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105531/the-relationship-between-children-s-media-habits-and-their-anxiety-and-behaviour-during-dental-treatment
#9
Zahra Jamali, Masoumeh Vatandoost, Leila Erfanparast, Naser Asl Aminabadi, Sajjad Shirazi
OBJECTIVE: The existing evidence suggests that media habits may have moderating role on children's psychological adjustment in the dental setting. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between children's media habits and their anxiety and behaviour management problems (BMP) during dental treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 289 children aged 3-6 years old were included. Dental anxiety (DA) and BMP were assessed using Clinical Anxiety Rating Scale and Frankl's Rating Scale during the dental treatment...
November 5, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098356/large-diaphyseal-incorporating-allograft-prosthetic-composites-when-how-and-why-treatment-of-advanced-proximal-humeral-bone-loss
#10
REVIEW
P B McLendon, J L Cox, M A Frankle
BACKGROUND: Proximal humeral bone loss in shoulder arthroplasty is a complex problem with a heterogeneous presentation. Different etiologies may contribute to varying degrees of severity in bone loss that dictate different treatment approaches. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this is article is to describe our technique for treatment of proximal humeral bone loss with proximal humeral allograft prosthetic composites (APC) and identify factors that may predict when larger allografts may be necessary...
November 2, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071770/the-child-s-behavior-during-inhalational-induction-and-its-impact-on-the-anesthesiologist-s-sevoflurane-exposure
#11
Jennifer Herzog-Niescery, Heike Vogelsang, Martin Bellgardt, Nikolaj Matthias Botteck, Hans-Martin Seipp, Horst Bartz, Thomas Peter Weber, Philipp Gude
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane is commonly used for inhalational inductions in children, but the personnel's exposure to it is potentially harmful. Guidance to reduce gas pollution refers mainly to technical aspects, but the impact of the child's behavior has not yet been studied. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to determine how child behavior, according to the Frankl Behavioral Scale, affects the amount of waste sevoflurane in anesthesiologists' breathing zones. METHODS: Sixty-eight children aged 36-96 months undergoing elective ENT surgery were recruited for this prospective, observational investigation...
December 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057787/vitamin-d-in-pain-management
#12
REVIEW
Maria Helde-Frankling, Linda Björkhem-Bergman
Vitamin D is a hormone synthesized in the skin in the presence of sunlight. Like other hormones, vitamin D plays a role in a wide range of processes in the body. Here we review the possible role of vitamin D in nociceptive and inflammatory pain. In observational studies, low vitamin D levels have been associated with increased pain and higher opioid doses. Recent interventional studies have shown promising effects of vitamin D supplementation on cancer pain and muscular pain-but only in patients with insufficient levels of vitamin D when starting intervention...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056377/a-150-year-record-of-polycyclic-aromatic-compound-pac-deposition-from-high-andean-cajas-national-park-southern-ecuador
#13
Benjamin A Musa Bandowe, Lea Fränkl, Martin Grosjean, Wojciech Tylmann, Pablo V Mosquera, Henrietta Hampel, Tobias Schneider
The temporal profiles of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) in lake sediments reflect past changes in emissions, transport and deposition of these pollutants and, thus, record natural and anthropogenic processes. We document fluxes of PACs [(polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), oxygenated PAHs (OPAHs) and azaarenes (AZAs)] deposited in two tropical high-altitude lakes in the Cajas National Park (Ecuadorian Andes, 2°50'S, 79°10'W). In remote and high elevation Laguna Fondococha (4130m a.s.l.), the temporal fluxes of OPAHs and AZAs were similar to those of PAHs suggesting similar sources...
October 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990336/peer-teaching-of-the-physical-exam-a-pilot-study
#14
Valeria C Pazo, Susan Frankl, Subha Ramani, Joel Katz
BACKGROUND: Mastery of the physical exam (PE), and the ability to teach it to peers and medical students, are important milestones for residents (junior doctors); however, several reports indicate that PE skills are in decline. To address this need, we explored the use of peer observation of teaching (POT) as a conceptual framework to develop an innovative approach to PE teaching at the postgraduate medical education level. INNOVATION: We designed a PE POT session to be conducted at the patient bedside, and piloted four sessions in April 2014...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977023/forest-litter-crickets-prefer-higher-substrate-moisture-for-oviposition-evidence-from-field-and-lab-experiments
#15
Fernando de Farias-Martins, Carlos Frankl Sperber, Daniel Albeny-Simões, Jennifer Ann Breaux, Marcos Fianco, Neucir Szinwelski
For insects, choosing a favorable oviposition site is a type of parental care, as far as it increases the fitness of its offspring. Niche theory predicts that crickets should show a bell-shaped oviposition response to substrate moisture. However, lab experiments with mole crickets showed a linear oviposition response to substrate moisture. Studies with the house cricket Acheta domesticus also showed a linear juvenile body growth response to water availability, thus adult ovipositing females should respond positively to substrate moisture...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914247/assessment-of-hypoxia-sedation-level-and-adverse-events-occurring-during-inhalation-sedation-using-preadjusted-mix-of-30-nitrous-oxide-70-oxygen
#16
P V Samir, Srinivas Namineni, P Sarada
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of nitrous oxide (N2O)-oxygen (O2) inhalation sedation by rapid induction technique using preadjusted mix of 30% N2O and 70% O2 in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty children with a treatment plan which included pulp therapy were recruited for the study. Children categorized 3 and 4 of Frankl behavior rating scale and American Society of Anesthesiologists health status I and II were included for the study. Children were distributed into study group (Group-I) and control group (Group-II) by fishbowl randomization...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904010/vitamin-d-supplementation-to-palliative-cancer-patients-protocol-of-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial-palliative-d
#17
Maria Helde-Frankling, Jenny Bergqvist, Caritha Klasson, Marie Nordström, Jonas Höijer, Peter Bergman, Linda Björkhem-Bergman
BACKGROUND: According to a small pilot study on palliative cancer patients at our ward, vitamin D supplementation had beneficial effects on pain (measured as opioid consumption), infections and quality of life (QoL) without having any significant side effects. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the 'Palliative-D' study is to test the hypothesis that vitamin D supplementation for 12 weeks reduces opioid consumption. The secondary objectives are to study if reduction of antibiotic consumption and fatigue as well as improvement in QoL assessments can be observed...
September 13, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903106/constantin-tsiminakis-1875-1942-neurologist-neuropathologist-statesman
#18
Lazaros C Triarhou
The article is a 75-year memorial tribute to the Greek neurologist, Constantin Tsiminakis (1875-1942). Coming from a family of physicians, Tsiminakis graduated from the University of Athens in 1897, and trained in Vienna under Nothnagel, Frankl-Hochwart, and Obersteiner. In 1905, he was appointed Reader in Neurology and Psychiatry at his alma mater. He published over 40 articles on topics of neurology and neuropathology, including megalencephaly, hydrocephalus, progressive paralysis, epidemic encephalitis, dengue fever, and narcolepsy...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859173/vitamin-d-supplementation-to-palliative-cancer-patients-shows-positive-effects-on-pain-and-infections-results-from-a-matched-case-control-study
#19
Maria Helde-Frankling, Jonas Höijer, Jenny Bergqvist, Linda Björkhem-Bergman
BACKGROUND: We previously showed an association between low vitamin D levels and high opioid doses to alleviate pain in palliative cancer patients. The aim of this case-controlled study was to investigate if vitamin D supplementation could improve pain management, quality of life (QoL) and decrease infections in palliative cancer patients. METHODS: Thirty-nine palliative cancer patients with levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D < 75 nmol/L were supplemented with vitamin D 4000 IE/day, and were compared to 39 untreated, matched "control"-patients from a previous study at the same ward...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828113/parastomal-gallbladder-hernia-in-a-septic-patient
#20
Joseph Frankl, Maria Michailidou, Felipe Maegawa
Parastomal gallbladder herniation is a rare complication of enterostomies with only 6 previously reported cases. Most cases have occurred in elderly women. Patients typically presented with acute abdominal pain and the majority was managed operatively. Here, we report the clinical course of an 88-year-old female who presented with signs of sepsis and minimal abdominal symptoms. She was subsequently found to have a parastomal gallbladder herniation and Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia. Given the patient's multiple comorbidities, she was managed nonoperatively with manual reduction of the parastomal hernia and antibiotics...
September 2017: Radiology Case Reports
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