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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630594/individual-meaning-centered-psychotherapy-for-palliative-cancer-patients-in-lithuania-a-case-report
#1
Meda Sutkevičiūtė, Monika Stančiukaitė, Giedrė Bulotienė
Patients with oncological diseases, especially palliative care patients, suffer from physical and psychological difficulties. The quality of life of such patients is bad, they do not have purpose to live and they feel anxiety and distress. In 1959 Victor Frankl wrote the book Man's Search for Meaning in which he stated that the driving force of human life lay in the ability to discern the meaning of faith and spirituality. Inspired by Frankl's ideas, the American psychiatrist William Breitbart with colleagues have developed both an individual and group model of Meaning-Centered Psychotherapy...
2017: Acta medica Lituanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616208/patient-survey-of-current-water-intake-practices-in-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-the-sips-survey
#2
Ragada El-Damanawi, Tess Harris, Richard N Sandford, Fiona E Karet Frankl, Thomas F Hiemstra
Background: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) affects 12.5 million worldwide. Vasopressin drives cysts growth and in animal models can be suppressed through high water intake. A randomized controlled trial of 'high' versus 'standard' water intake in ADPKD is essential to determine if this intervention is beneficial. We conducted an ADPKD patient survey to gain an understanding of current fluid intake practices and the design challenges of a randomized water intake trial. Methods: In collaboration with the PKD Charity, we developed and distributed an online survey to ADPKD patients over age 16 years and not on renal replacement therapy...
June 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610217/a-new-genus-and-species-of-neotropical-nemobiinae-insecta-orthoptera-grylloidea-trigonidiidae-nemobiinae
#3
Fabiene Maria DE Jesus, Marcelo Ribeiro Pereira, Geanne Carla Ripani Rodrigues, Carlos Frankl Sperber
A new genus and a new species of Neotropical cricket is described: Pepoapua cariacica n. gen., n. sp., occurring in four Atlantic Forest remnants in the states of Bahia and Espírito Santo, Brazil. This new genus is morphologically similar in external characteristics, both male and female genitalia, with two other Neotropical genera of Nemobiinae: Amanayara and Kevanemobius. The combination of the external morphological characteristics, along with male genitalia, characterize a new genus through combination of the following characters: (i) males and females with morphologically similar tegmina; (ii) tegmina reduced, not reaching half of the second abdominal segment; (iii) dorsal field of the tegmina with parallel veins, without stridulatory vein or any specialized area for sound production; (iv) tibia of the first pair of legs without tympanum; (v) tibia of the third pair of legs with seven dorsal spurs, four inner and three outer, the proximo-dorsal inner spur reduced in size and the disto-dorsal inner spur without glandular aspect; (vi) ovipositor with distal portion of the dorsal and ventral valves serrated; (vii) male genitalia without evident bristles or sensillas; (viii) pseudepiphallic median lobe presenting apical and ventral projections...
June 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583244/association-between-childhood-traumatic-stress-and-behavior-in-the-pediatric-dental-clinic
#4
Serena Mitchual, Marcio A da Fonseca, Sheela Raja, Darien Weatherspoon, Anne Koerber
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between a history of potentially traumatic events (PTE) and a child's behavior during dental treatment. METHODS: Parents of healthy children, age four years and older and attending their initial dental appointment at a university pediatric dental clinic, were asked to complete the Traumatic Events Screening Inventory-Parent Report Revised and a demographic survey. Following the dental appointment, a pediatric dental resident reported the child's behavior using the Frankl scale...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548997/anterior-inferior-plating-results-in-fewer-secondary-interventions-compared-to-superior-plating-for-acute-displaced-mid-shaft-clavicle-fracture
#5
Rafael Serrano, Amrut Borade, Hassan Mir, Anjan Shah, David Watson, Anthony Infante, Mark A Frankle, Mark A Mighell, H Claude Sagi, Daniel S Horwitz, Roy W Sanders
OBJECTIVES: To determine if a difference in plate position for fixation of acute, displaced, mid-shaft clavicle fractures would affect the rate of secondary intervention. DESIGN: Retrospective Comparative Study SETTING:: two academic Level 1 Regional Trauma Centers PATIENTS:: 510 patients treated surgically for an acutely displaced mid-shaft clavicle fracture between 2000-2013 were identified and reviewed retrospectively at a minimum of 24 months' follow-up (F/U)...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514491/3d-image-based-morphometric-analysis-of-the-scapular-neck-length-in-subjects-undergoing-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty
#6
P Simon, M Diaz, M Cusick, B Santoni, M Frankle
INTRODUCTION: Scapular notching after RSA may, in part, be related to a patient's scapular morphology. The purpose of this study was to develop a novel 3D measurement technique to describe infraglenoid tubercle morphometry. We hypothesize that the parameters describing infraglenoid tubercle would be normally distributed and would correlate with individual's demographics and glenoid morphometry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 110 subjects treated with RSA were evaluated...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504808/outcome-of-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-matched-cohort-study
#7
Michael C Cusick, Randall J Otto, Rachel E Clark, Mark A Frankle
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurologic disorder that affects the musculoskeletal system. Currently, the use of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) for patients with PD has not been adequately studied. The authors sought to determine if RSA provided similar functional outcomes for patients with PD compared with a matched cohort of patients without PD. Between 2004 and 2011, 10 patients with PD (4 men, 6 women) underwent RSA. Patients with PD were matched to patients without PD at a 1:4 ratio based on age (average, 76 years; range, 63-85 years), sex (16 men, 24 women), preoperative diagnosis, and length of follow-up (average, 43 months; range, 24-128 months)...
May 15, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492191/prevalence-of-dental-fear-and-its-causes-using-three-measurement-scales-among-children-in-new-delhi
#8
Anju Singh Rajwar, Mridula Goswami
INTRODUCTION: There is a great need for identifying fearful children, who often present problems in patient management, thus affecting the quality of dental care rendered to them. This study is unique in the way that dental fear was assessed through three fear scales as research has suggested the use of more than one scale because each scale has its own restrictions and is open to criticism. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate dental fear and anxiety (DFA) among children aged 3-14 years using three fear measurement scales...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492190/decreased-sleep-in-children-and-their-behavioral-problems-in-dental-operatory
#9
Vinaya Kumar Kulkarni, Ami Kandya, Sakshi Arora, Garima Singh
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to examine the contribution of inadequate sleep and its associated factors, on behavior and cooperation of children in the dental operatory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 healthy children at the time of their initial visit to the dental hospital, ranging from preschoolers to adolescents. Data acquisition was done by a questionnaire. Interview with the accompanying person was done to ask about the sleep duration, naps, and sleep habits of the child...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384187/target-localization-of-3d-versus-4d-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-lipiodol-guided-stereotactic-radiotherapy-of-hepatocellular-carcinomas
#10
Mark Chan, Chi Leung Chiang, Venus Lee, Steven Cheung, Ronnie Leung, Matthew Wong, Frankle Lee, Oliver Blanck
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to comparatively evaluate the accuracy of respiration-correlated (4D) and uncorrelated (3D) cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in localizing lipiodolized hepatocellular carcinomas during stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). METHODS: 4D-CBCT scans of eighteen HCCs were acquired during free-breathing SBRT following trans-arterial chemo-embolization (TACE) with lipiodol. Approximately 1320 x-ray projections per 4D-CBCT were collected and phase-sorted into ten bins...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377650/identifying-dental-anxiety-in-children-s-drawings-and-correlating-it-with-frankl-s-behavior-rating-scale
#11
Jyoti Mathur, Amish Diwanji, Bhumi Sarvaiya, Dipal Sharma
AIM: To develop a simple method to assess the level of anxiety by using children's drawings and correlating them with Frankl's behavior rating scale. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 178 patients aged of 3 to 14 years were handed out two-page forms which contained three sections on coloring and drawing, along with general information, and Frankl's behavior rating scale for the visit. The three types of drawing exercises given to the patients were geometric copy drawings, coloring a nonthreatening figure, and an empty sheet for freehand drawing...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288299/comparison-between-positive-dental-images-and-neutral-images-in-managing-anticipatory-anxiety-of-children
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dalia O Kamel, Nadia A Wahba, Dalia M Talaat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of positive images versus neutral images on child behavior during dental treatment and their dental anxiety after dental treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty, 4 to 6 year old healthy pediatric dental patients, indicated for pulpotomy and stainless steel crown restorations, were divided randomly into two equal groups. Group I (experimental group viewed positive dental images and group II (control group) viewed neutral cartoon images prior to treatment...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245513/brain-translocator-protein-occupancy-by-ono-2952-in-healthy-adults-a-phase-1-pet-study-using-11-c-pbr28
#13
W Gordon Frankle, Rajesh Narendran, Andrew T Wood, Fumitaka Suto, Michael L Himes, Michiyoshi Kobayashi, Tomoya Ohno, Akinori Yamauchi, Katsukuni Mitsui, Kevin Duffy, Mark Bruce
ONO-2952, a novel antagonist of translocator protein 18 kDa (TSPO), binds with high affinity to TSPO in rat brain and human tumor cell line membrane preparations. This study used the TSPO-specific PET radioligand [(11) C]PBR28 to confirm binding of ONO-2952 to brain TSPO in human subjects, and evaluate brain TSPO occupancy and its relationship with ONO-2952 plasma concentration. Sixteen healthy subjects received a single oral dose of 200, 60, 20, or 6 mg ONO-2952 (n = 4 per dose). Two PET scans with [(11) C]PBR28 were conducted ≤7 days apart: at baseline and 24 h after ONO-2952 administration...
July 2017: Synapse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169924/retrograde-maculopathy-in-patients-with-glaucoma
#14
Jacqueline Brazerol, Milko E Iliev, René Höhn, Stephan Fränkl, Hilary Grabe, Mathias Abegg
PURPOSE: Macular optical coherence tomography (OCT) analysis can be used for quantitative measures of optic nerve atrophy at a location far from the optic nerve head. This recently led to the finding of microcystic macular edema (MME), that is vacuolar inclusions in the macular inner nuclear layer, in some glaucoma patients. The involvement of individual retinal layers is yet unclear in glaucoma. In this study we systematically investigated glaucoma-induced changes in macular layers to evaluate whether glaucoma-associated damage extends beyond the macular ganglion cell layer...
May 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162880/surgical-management-of-periprosthetic-shoulder-infections
#15
Geoffrey P Stone, Rachel E Clark, Kathleen C O'Brien, Lisa Vaccaro, Peter Simon, Adam J Lorenzetti, Brent C Stephens, Mark A Frankle
BACKGROUND: The treatment of periprosthetic joint infection is a difficult challenge in shoulder arthroplasty. This study investigated 1-stage modular component exchange vs. 1-stage complete removal and reimplantation (CRR) vs. 2-stage revision arthroplasty for periprosthetic joint infection. METHODS: Between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2012, 79 patients received a component exchange (n = 15), CRR (n = 45), or a 2-stage (n = 19) revision for infection. A binary logistic regression analysis was performed to determine factors presenting the greatest risk of reinfection...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158280/proximate-mechanism-of-behavioral-manipulation-of-an-orb-weaver-spider-host-by-a-parasitoid-wasp
#16
Thiago Gechel Kloss, Marcelo Oliveira Gonzaga, Leandro Licursi de Oliveira, Carlos Frankl Sperber
Some ichneumonid wasps induce modifications in the web building behavior of their spider hosts to produce resistant "cocoon" webs. These structures hold and protect the wasp's cocoon during pupa development. The mechanism responsible for host manipulation probably involves the inoculation of psychotropic chemicals by the parasitoid larva during a specific developmental period. Recent studies indicate that some spiders build cocoon webs similar to those normally built immediately before ecdysis, suggesting that this substance might be a molting hormone or a precursor chemical of this hormone...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150886/morphometry-of-the-human-clavicle-and-intramedullary-canal-a-3d-geometry-based-quantification
#17
Jazmine R Aira, Peter Simon, Sergio Gutiérrez, Brandon G Santoni, Mark A Frankle
Midshaft clavicle fractures are a very common occurrence. The current treatment of choice involves internal fixation with superior or anterior clavicle plating, however their clinical success and particularly patient satisfaction are decreasing. The implementation of intramedullary devices is on the rise, but data describing the intramedullary canal parameters are lacking. The aim of this study is to quantify the geometry of the clavicle and its intramedullary canal, and to evaluate the effect of gender and anatomical side...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139387/the-influence-of-patient-and-surgeon-specific-factors-on-operative-duration-and-early-postoperative-outcomes-in-shoulder-arthroplasty
#18
Jonathan C Clark, Peter Simon, Rachel E Clark, Kaitlyn N Christmas, Jesse W Allert, Jonathan J Streit, Mark A Mighell, Alfred Hess, Jeffrey Stone, Mark A Frankle
BACKGROUND: Increased operative duration has been shown to have demonstrable effects on the outcomes and complications in multiple areas of orthopedic surgery. We sought to determine if patient- and surgeon-specific factors correlated to operative duration in shoulder arthroplasty. Our hypothesis was that increased surgeon and trainee volume would decrease operative times and that more complex pathology would increase operative duration. METHODS: A retrospective review of primary and revision total and reverse shoulder arthroplasties performed at a single institution from 2012 through 2015 was performed evaluating the correlation between specific patient and surgeon factors and operative duration...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129381/comparative-cytogenetics-between-two-important-songbird-models-the-zebra-finch-and-the-canary
#19
Michelly da Silva Dos Santos, Rafael Kretschmer, Carolina Frankl-Vilches, Antje Bakker, Manfred Gahr, Patricia C M O Brien, Malcolm A Ferguson-Smith, Edivaldo H C de Oliveira
Songbird species (order Passeriformes, suborder Oscines) are important models in various experimental fields spanning behavioural genomics to neurobiology. Although the genomes of some songbird species were sequenced recently, the chromosomal organization of these species is mostly unknown. Here we focused on the two most studied songbird species in neuroscience, the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata) and the canary (Serinus canaria). In order to clarify these issues and also to integrate chromosome data with their assembled genomes, we used classical and molecular cytogenetics in both zebra finch and canary to define their chromosomal homology, localization of heterochromatic blocks and distribution of rDNA clusters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128664/temperament-as-a-predictor-of-nitrous-oxide-inhalation-sedation-success
#20
Travis M Nelson, Thomas M Griffith, Katherine J Lane, Sarat Thikkurissy, JoAnna M Scott
Little is known about implications of temperament for children who receive nitrous oxide inhalation sedation (N2O/O2) for dental care. The aim of this study was to investigate whether child temperament is associated with success in N2O/O2. Child-caregiver dyads were enrolled from patients aged 36-95 months receiving dental care with N2O/O2 at a university-based pediatric dental clinic. To assess child temperament, 48 caregivers completed the Children's Behavior Questionnaire Short Form. Patient behavior was abstracted from Frankl scores recorded in the patient's chart...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
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