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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424124/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-incidence-but-not-mortality-has-decreased-nationwide-a-national-trauma-data-bank-study
#1
Michael Fahr, Glenn Jones, Hollis O'Neal, Juan Duchesne, Danielle Tatum
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) incidence is reported to have decreased in recent years. However, no large-scale study to date has exclusively examined ARDS in the critically injured. We sought to examine the national incidence of ARDS and its associated outcomes exclusively in adult trauma patients. The National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) was queried to evaluate the incidence of ARDS and associated outcomes over a 6-year study period (2007-2012). Included patients were ≥18 years old, with at least one ventilator day, and complications recorded...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347861/activatable-bispecific-liposomes-bearing-fibroblast-activation-protein-directed-single-chain-fragment-trastuzumab-deliver-encapsulated-cargo-into-the-nuclei-of-tumor-cells-and-the-tumor-microenvironment-simultaneously
#2
Felista L Tansi, Ronny Rüger, Claudia Böhm, Frank Steiniger, Roland E Kontermann, Ulf K Teichgraeber, Alfred Fahr, Ingrid Hilger
Molecular targeting plays a significant role in cancer diagnosis and therapy. However, the heterogeneity of tumors is a limiting obstacle for molecular targeting. Consequently, clinically approved drug delivery systems such as liposomes still rely on passive targeting to tumors, which does not address tumor heterogeneity. In this work, we therefore designed and elucidated the potentials of activatable bispecific targeted liposomes for simultaneous detection of fibroblast activation protein (FAP) and the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)...
March 24, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287325/a-12-year-old-boy-with-fahr-disease-accompanying-a-diagnosis-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#3
Tayfun Kara, İsmail Akaltun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258413/viscosity-and-haemodynamics-in-a-late-gestation-rat-feto-placental-arterial-network
#4
Nikhilesh Bappoo, Lachlan J Kelsey, Louis Parker, Tim Crough, Carmel M Moran, Adrian Thomson, Megan C Holmes, Caitlin S Wyrwoll, Barry J Doyle
The placenta is a transient organ which develops during pregnancy to provide haemotrophic support for healthy fetal growth and development. Fundamental to its function is the healthy development of vascular trees in the feto-placental arterial network. Despite the strong association of haemodynamics with vascular remodelling mechanisms, there is a lack of computational haemodynamic data that may improve our understanding of feto-placental physiology. The aim of this work was to create a comprehensive 3D computational fluid dynamics model of a substructure of the rat feto-placental arterial network and investigate the influence of viscosity on wall shear stress (WSS)...
March 3, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231635/in-vivo-structural-imaging-in-rats-reveals-neuroanatomical-correlates-of-behavioral-sub-dimensions-of-cocaine-addiction
#5
Nazzareno Cannella, Alejandro Cosa-Linan, Elena Büchler, Claudia Falfan-Melgoza, Wolfgang Weber-Fahr, Rainer Spanagel
Cocaine addiction is a multi-dimensional behavioral disorder characterized by a loss of control over cocaine taking despite of detrimental consequences. Structural MRI studies have revealed association between cocaine consumption and gray matter volume (GMV) in cocaine-addicted patients. However, the behavioral correlates of GMV in cocaine addiction are poorly understood. Here, we used a DSM-IV-based rat model of cocaine addiction with high face validity for structural imaging. According to three behavioral sub-dimensions of addiction, rats were separated into two groups showing either addict-like or non-addict-like behavior...
February 23, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228797/femoral-neck-s-fracture-in-fahr-s-syndrome-case-report
#6
Marcello Sallì, Antonio D'Arienzo, Mariella Bonanno, Salvatore Morello, Antonino Sanfilippo, Giulia Letizia Mauro, Michele D'Arienzo
Fahr's syndrome, also known as "Bilateral Striopallidodentate Calcinosis" (BSPDC) primitive, is a rare neurological disease characterized by the presence of idiopathic, bilateral, symmetrical and abnormal deposition of calcium in areas of the brain that control movements including the basal ganglia, dentate nuclei of the cerebellum, nuclei of thalamus and semi-oval center. We describe a case of a 76-year-old male patient underwent reduction and fixation of a subtrochanteric fracture with intramedullary nail...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173587/farther-than-fahr-reply
#7
A Schattner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162874/deconstructing-fahr-s-disease-syndrome-of-brain-calcification-in-the-era-of-new-genes
#8
REVIEW
Amit Batla, Xin You Tai, Lucia Schottlaender, Robert Erro, Bettina Balint, Kailash P Bhatia
INTRODUCTION: There are now a number genes, known to be associated with familial primary brain calcification (PFBC), causing the so called 'Fahr's' disease or syndrome. These are SCL20A2, PDGFB, PDGFRB and XPR1. In this systematic review, we analyse the clinical and radiological features reported in genetically confirmed cases with PFBC. We have additionally reviewed pseudohypoparathyroidism which is a close differential diagnosis of PFBC in clinical presentation and is also genetically determined...
April 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100205/a-fast-and-effective-determination-of-the-biodistribution-and-subcellular-localization-of-fluorescent-immunoliposomes-in-freshly-excised-animal-organs
#9
Felista L Tansi, Ronny Rüger, Ansgar M Kollmeier, Claudia Böhm, Roland E Kontermann, Ulf K Teichgraeber, Alfred Fahr, Ingrid Hilger
BACKGROUND: Preclinical research implementing fluorescence-based approaches is inevitable for drug discovery and technology. For example, a variety of contrast agents developed for biomedical imaging are usually evaluated in cell systems and animal models based on their conjugation to fluorescent dyes. Biodistribution studies of excised organs are often performed by macroscopic imaging, whereas the subcellular localization though vital, is often neglected or further validated by histological procedures...
January 18, 2017: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098946/negative-association-between-mr-spectroscopic-glutamate-markers-and-gray-matter-volume-after-alcohol-withdrawal-in-the-hippocampus-a-translational-study-in-humans-and-rats
#10
Ulrich Frischknecht, Derik Hermann, Nuran Tunc-Skarka, Guo-Ying Wang, Markus Sack, Julia van Eijk, Traute Demirakca, Claudia Falfan-Melgoza, Bertram Krumm, Sandra Dieter, Rainer Spanagel, Falk Kiefer, Karl F Mann, Wolfgang H Sommer, Gabriele Ende, Wolfgang Weber-Fahr
BACKGROUND: Both chronic alcohol consumption and alcohol withdrawal lead to neural tissue damage which partly recovers during abstinence. This study investigated withdrawal-associated changes in glutamatergic compounds, markers of neuronal integrity, and gray matter volumes during acute alcohol withdrawal in the hippocampus, a key region in development and maintenance of alcohol dependence in humans and rats. METHODS: Alcohol-dependent patients (N = 39) underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and MR spectroscopy (MRS) measurements within 24 hours after the last drink and after 2 weeks of abstinence...
February 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091340/fahr-s-disease-presenting-as-late-onset-levodopa-responsive-parkinsonism
#11
Niraj Kumar, Mandar Jog
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062744/fahr-and-further
#12
M Windpessl, P Müller, M Wallner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922640/brain-network-reorganization-differs-in-response-to-stress-in-rats-genetically-predisposed-to-depression-and-stress-resilient-rats
#13
N Gass, R Becker, A J Schwarz, W Weber-Fahr, C Clemm von Hohenberg, B Vollmayr, A Sartorius
Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) remains a pressing clinical problem. Optimizing treatment requires better definition of the specificity of the involved brain circuits. The rat strain bred for negative cognitive state (NC) represents a genetic animal model of TRD with high face, construct and predictive validity. Vice versa, the positive cognitive state (PC) strain represents a stress-resilient phenotype. Although NC rats show depressive-like behavior, some symptoms such as anhedonia require an external trigger, i...
December 6, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867902/hypocalcemia-and-fahr-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-graves-disease-difficult-etiological-diagnosis
#14
Ibtissem Oueslati, Karima Khiari, Najla Bchir, Néjib Ben Abdallah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811930/defining-the-brain-circuits-involved-in-psychiatric-disorders-imi-newmeds
#15
Francesc Artigas, Esther Schenker, Pau Celada, Michael Spedding, Laia Lladó-Pelfort, Noemi Jurado, Mercedes Núñez, Noemi Santana, Eva Troyano-Rodriguez, Maurizio S Riga, Hanna van den Munkhof, Anna Castañé, Hamdy Shaban, Thérèse M Jay, Anushree Tripathi, Bill P Godsil, Claude Sebban, Jean Mariani, Philippe Faure, Samir Takkilah, Zoe A Hughes, Chester J Siok, Mihaily Hajos, Karsten Wicke, Natalia Gass, Wolfgang Weber-Fahr, Alexander Sartorius, Robert Becker, Michael Didriksen, Jesper F Bastlund, Mark Tricklebank, Céline Risterucci, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Adam J Schwarz
Despite the vast amount of research on schizophrenia and depression in the past two decades, there have been few innovative drugs to treat these disorders. Precompetitive research collaborations between companies and academic groups can help tackle this innovation deficit, as illustrated by the achievements of the IMI-NEWMEDS consortium.
2017: Nature Reviews. Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764521/fahr-s-syndrome-and-clinical-correlation-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
M Pistacchi, M Gioulis, F Sanson, S M Marsala
INTRODUCTION: Fahr's disease is characterized by bilateral calcium deposition within the basal ganglia, cerebellar dentate nucleus and subcortical brain white matter. The main clinical manifestations are rigid or hyperkinetic syndrome, mood disorders and cognitive impairment. The correlation between neurological impairment and symmetrical basal ganglia calcification is not so frequent. Aim of the study was to report the results of neurological assessment of three sporadic cases of Fahr's disease highlighting a correlation between the clinical syndrome and neuroimaging...
2016: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762118/fahr-s-disease-with-seizure-presentation
#17
Rangaswamy, V Ranjith, L Vikas, R Santosh
Fahr's disease or Fahr's syndrome is a rare neurodegenerative disorder characterized by abnormal symmetrical calcifications of the basal ganglia, thalami, sub-cortical hemispheric white matter and deep cerebellar nuclei. It can be idiopathic or associated with an endocrinopathy, frequently with parathyroid disorder. Clinical spectrum of the disease is wide ranging from neurological features like seizure, syncope, stroke like events, extra-pyramidal symptoms often combined with frontal sub-cortical pattern of behavioural dysfunction and psychiatric symptoms such as psychosis, mood disorder and dementia...
August 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750473/investigations-of-the-influence-of-liposome-composition-on-vesicle-stability-and-drug-transfer-in-human-plasma-a-transfer-study
#18
Stephan Holzschuh, Kathrin Kaeß, Guilherme Volpe Bossa, Christiane Decker, Alfred Fahr, Sylvio May
Liposomal delivery constitutes a promising approach for i.v. administration of mTHPC because lipid membranes can host these drug molecules. This study investigates the transfer and release of temoporfin (mTHPC) to plasma proteins and stability of various liposomal formulations. To this end, we employed traces of radioactive markers and studied the effects of fatty acid chain length and the degree of saturation in the lipophilic tail, addition of cholesterol, and PEGylation of the membrane surface and different drug-to-lipid ratios...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Liposome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734300/early-effects-of-a-high-caloric-diet-and-physical-exercise-on-brain-volumetry-and-behavior-a-combined-mri-and-histology-study-in-mice
#19
Markus Sack, Jenny N Lenz, Mira Jakovcevski, Sarah V Biedermann, Claudia Falfán-Melgoza, Jan Deussing, Maximilian Bielohuby, Martin Bidlingmaier, Frederik Pfister, Günter K Stalla, Alexander Sartorius, Peter Gass, Wolfgang Weber-Fahr, Johannes Fuss, Matthias K Auer
Excessive intake of high-caloric diets as well as subsequent development of obesity and diabetes mellitus may exert a wide range of unfavorable effects on the central nervous system (CNS) in the long-term. The potentially harmful effects of such diets were suggested to be mitigated by physical exercise. Here, we conducted a study investigating early effects of a cafeteria-diet on gray and white brain matter volume by means of voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and region-of-interest (ROI) analysis. Half of the mice performed voluntary wheel running to study if regular physical exercise prevents unfavorable effects of a cafeteria-diet...
October 12, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727841/fahr-s-disease-presenting-as-supranuclear-palsy
#20
Rakesh Mp, Kshitija Jain, Priyank S Dumade, Dumade Gala, Salman Ali Sayyed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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