keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Orthopedic testing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549361/-leukocyte-esterase-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-an-infectious-disease-of-the-knee
#1
S U Ceja-Picazo, S Fuentes-Figueroa, A H Rivera-Villa, A R Hernández-Salgado, R Torres-González, A M Pérez, J A Hernández-García, J M Pérez-Atanasio
BACKGROUND: Articular infection is an orthopedic challenge due to its difficult diagnosis and devastating results. Various diagnostic studies exist: culture, ESR, CRP, count of leukocytes, among others, but none is specific, they all take more than 30 minutes to complete, and require complex infrastructure. In this study, we determine the sensitivity and specificity of the leukocyte esterase for detection of an infectious process joint in Mexican population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During November 2015 to April 2016, we obtained synovial fluid from two groups of patients: one with a diagnosis of synovial joint infection with or without implant, and the control group, without infection but with degenerative pathology of the knee...
November 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544495/posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-with-interspinous-fastener-provides-comparable-clinical-outcome-and-fusion-rate-to-pedicle-screws
#2
Wei-Min Huang, Xing-Ming Yu, Xiao-Duo Xu, Ruo-Xian Song, Li-Li Yu, Xiu-Chun Yu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical feasibility and validity of interspinous fastener (ISF) for lumbar degenerative diseases. METHODS: From October 2013 to March 2014, a total of 46 patients suffering from lumbar degenerative diseases underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) randomly augmented by ISF or pedicle screws. The clinical outcome was primarily measured by Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) score. The minimal clinical important difference (MCID) was defined as an eight-point decrease in ODI...
May 24, 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542551/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-revised-american-pain-society-patient-outcome-questionnaire-concerning-pain-management-in-chinese-orthopedic-patients
#3
Huan Fang, Jingjuan Liang, Zhen Hong, Kenji Sugiyama, Takao Nozaki, Susumu Kobayashi, Tetsuro Sameshima, Hiroki Namba, Tetsuya Asakawa
The present study tested the clinical efficiency (item grouping, internal consistency of the subscales, construct validity, and clinical feasibility) of a widely used pain assessment system, the Mandarin version of the American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire (APS-POQ-R-C), in Chinese patients. We also attempted to investigate the current quality of pain management provided in orthopedic inpatient units in China and provide baseline data. First, we investigated the test-retest reliability of APS-POQ-R-C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541083/the-family-environment-predicts-long-term-academic-achievement-and-classroom-behavior-following-traumatic-brain-injury-in-early-childhood
#4
Chelsea M Durber, Keith Owen Yeates, H Gerry Taylor, Nicolay Chertkoff Walz, Terry Stancin, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVE: This study examined how the family environment predicts long-term academic and behavioral functioning in school following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in early childhood. METHOD: Using a concurrent cohort, prospective design, 15 children with severe TBI, 39 with moderate TBI, and 70 with orthopedic injury (OI) who were injured when they were 3-7 years of age were compared on tests of academic achievement and parent and teacher ratings of school performance and behavior on average 6...
May 25, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538081/is-body-mass-index-a-risk-factor-for-revision-procedures-after-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#5
Ankur S Narain, Fady Y Hijji, Daniel D Bohl, Kelly H Yom, Krishna T Kudaravalli, Kern Singh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine if an association exists between body mass index (BMI) and the rate of revision surgery after single-level minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: MIS TLIF is an effective treatment for lumbar degenerative disease. Previous studies in the orthopedic literature have associated increased BMI with increased postoperative complications and need for revision...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535791/clinical-outcomes-in-a-subpopulation-of-adults-with-morquio-a-syndrome-results-from-a-long-term-extension-study-of-elosulfase-alfa
#6
D Hughes, R Giugliani, N Guffon, S A Jones, K E Mengel, R Parini, R Matousek, S M Hawley, A Quartel
BACKGROUND: This post hoc subanalysis examined outcomes in adult patients with Morquio A (mucopolysaccharidosis IVA) who received enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with elosulfase alfa over a 120-weeks period. Patients ≥18 years of age evaluated in an open-label, long-term extension study of elosulfase alfa (modified per protocol [MPP], n = 32; intent-to-treat [ITT], n = 37; MOR-005; NCT01415427) were compared with the ≥18-year-old untreated population with 2-years follow-up from a Morquio A natural history study (n = 10; MorCAP; NCT00787995)...
May 23, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535605/ultrasonography-of-the-ankle-joint
#7
Jung Won Park, Sun Joo Lee, Hye Jung Choo, Sung Kwan Kim, Heui-Chul Gwak, Sung-Moon Lee
Ankle disorders are a relatively common pathological condition, and ankle injuries account for Epub ahead of print approximately 14% of sports-related orthopedic emergency visits. Various imaging modalities can be used to make a diagnosis in cases of ankle pain; however, ultrasound (US) has several benefits for the evaluation of ankle pain, especially in the tendons, ligaments, and nerves of the ankle. The purpose of this article is to review the common causes of ankle pathology, with particular reference to US features...
April 5, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533596/the-ratio-of-medial-and-lateral-hamstring-muscle-thickness-does-not-correlate-with-the-lateral-tibial-rotation-angle-in-the-standing-position-in-healthy-young-adults
#8
Dong-Soo Lee, Sung-Dae Choung, Seung-Won Lee, Hye Rim Suh, Jae-Hoon Shim
[Purpose] To investigate the relationship between the lateral tibial rotation angle during knee joint flexion and the medial and lateral hamstring muscle thickness ratio during knee joint extension while resting, doing nothing, in upright standing position. The lateral tibial torsion is an important factor of orthopedic knee joint diseases as well as other weight bearing joint diseases such as osteoarthritis, meniscus syndrome, anterior cruciate ligament rupture, etc. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty healthy young adults participated in this study...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532092/cytocompatibility-studies-of-titania-doped-calcium-borosilicate-bioactive-glasses-in-vitro
#9
Rajkumar Samudrala, Abdul Azeem P, Vasudevarao Penugurti, Bramanandam Manavathi
The present study aims to elucidate the applications of Titania (TiO2) doped calcium borosilicate glass as a biocompatible material in regenerative orthopedic applications. In this context, we have examined the bioactivity of various concentrations of TiO2 doped glasses with the help of simulated body fluid (SBF). Cytocompatibility, cell proliferation, and protein expression studies revealed the potential candidature of TiO2 doped glasses on osteoblast cell lines (MG-63). We hypothesized that TiO2 doped calcium borosilicate glasses are most cytocompatible material for bone implants...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532076/sustained-drug-release-from-surface-modified-uhmwpe-for-acetabular-cup-lining-in-total-hip-implant
#10
R Manoj Kumar, Pallavi Gupta, Sandan Kumar Sharma, Akshat Mittal, Manish Shekhar, Vijayesh Kumar, B V Manoj Kumar, Partha Roy, Debrupa Lahiri
Despite sterilization and aseptic procedure, bacterial infection remains a key challenge in total hip arthroplasties. This fact emphasizes the urgent need for development of new implant systems, which should releases the drug in a controlled manner without sparing its mechanical and tribological properties. In this study, the lining material of the acetabular cup, in total hip implant, has been modified for sustained release of drugs, which should be available throughout the site of implantation to fight the post-operation bacterial infection...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531993/fabrication-mechanical-properties-and-in-vitro-degradation-behavior-of-newly-developed-znag-alloys-for-degradable-implant-applications
#11
M Sikora-Jasinska, E Mostaed, A Mostaed, R Beanland, D Mantovani, M Vedani
Zn and Zn-based alloys have been recognized as highly promising biodegradable materials for orthopedic implants and cardiovascular stents, due to their proved biocompatibility and, more importantly, lower corrosion rates compared to Mg alloys. However, pure Zn has poor mechanical properties. In this study, Ag is used as a promising alloying element to improve the mechanical properties of the Zn matrix as well as its biocompatibility and antibacterial properties. Accordingly, we design three ZnAg alloys with Ag content ranging from 2...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529195/rapid-web-based-platform-for-assessment-of-orthopedic-surgery-patient-care-milestones-a-2-year-validation
#12
Kenneth R Gundle, Dayne T Mickelson, Arien Cherones, Jason Black, Doug P Hanel
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity, feasibility, and responsiveness of a new web-based platform for rapid milestone-based evaluations of orthopedic surgery residents. SETTING: Single academic medical center, including a trauma center and pediatrics tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty residents (PG1-5) in an orthopedic residency program and their faculty evaluators. METHODS: Residents and faculty were trained and supported in the use of a novel trainee-initiated web-based evaluation system...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526159/anticoagulation-and-neuraxial-peripheral-anesthesia
#13
REVIEW
Mudit Kaushal, Ryan E Rubin, Alan D Kaye, Karina Gritsenko
Novel anticoagulants (NAGs) have emerged as the preferred alternatives to vitamin K antagonists. In patients being considered for regional anesthesia, these drugs present a layer of complexity in the preprocedure evaluation. There are no established tests to monitor anticoagulant activity and our experience is short with these drugs. These authors believe it is important to review the relevant hematology, orthopedics, and anesthesiology literature to provide a valuable reference for the clinician who is met with these challenges...
June 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525311/telerehabilitation-of-patients-with-injuries-of-the-lower-extremities
#14
Andriy I Tsvyakh, Andriy J Hospodarskyy
INTRODUCTION: Timely access to orthopedic rehabilitation is an important problem for the Ukrainian healthcare system. The international orthopedic community aims to achieve the best possible outcome for patient care by modifying rehabilitation methods and using telemedicine technology. The theme of this article is to discuss the integration of telemedicine technology in the rehabilitation of patients with injuries of the lower extremities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients were recruited over a 2-year period...
May 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515335/in-situ-bone-tissue-engineering-via-ultrasound-mediated-gene-delivery-to-endogenous-progenitor-cells-in-mini-pigs
#15
Maxim Bez, Dmitriy Sheyn, Wafa Tawackoli, Pablo Avalos, Galina Shapiro, Joseph C Giaconi, Xiaoyu Da, Shiran Ben David, Jayne Gavrity, Hani A Awad, Hyun W Bae, Eric J Ley, Thomas J Kremen, Zulma Gazit, Katherine W Ferrara, Gadi Pelled, Dan Gazit
More than 2 million bone-grafting procedures are performed each year using autografts or allografts. However, both options carry disadvantages, and there remains a clear medical need for the development of new therapies for massive bone loss and fracture nonunions. We hypothesized that localized ultrasound-mediated, microbubble-enhanced therapeutic gene delivery to endogenous stem cells would induce efficient bone regeneration and fracture repair. To test this hypothesis, we surgically created a critical-sized bone fracture in the tibiae of Yucatán mini-pigs, a clinically relevant large animal model...
May 17, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511506/an-assessment-of-correlation-between-dermatoglyphic-patterns-and-sagittal-skeletal-discrepancies
#16
Susha Miriam George, Biju Philip, Deepika Madathody, Manu Mathew, Jose Paul, Johnson Prakash Dlima
INTRODUCTION: Investigators over years have been fascinated by dermatoglyphic patterns which has led to the development of dermatoglyphics as a science with numerous applications in various fields other than being the best and most widely used method for personal identification. AIM: To assess the correlation between dermatoglyphic patterns and sagittal skeletal discrepancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 180 patients, aged 18-40 years, were selected from those who attended the outpatient clinic of the Deparment of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Mar Baselios Dental College, Kothamangalam, Kerala, India...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510331/isolation-of-ready-to-use-adipose-derived-stem-cell-asc-pellet-for-clinical-applications-and-a-comparative-overview-of-alternate-methods-for-asc-isolation
#17
Edoardo Raposio, Nicolò Bertozzi
Current literature does not offer a standardized method to isolate adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) for clinical applications and hence clinical studies using ASCs often show inconsistent results. Most of these studies borrow laboratory or benchside-derived protocols, which are complex, time consuming, and involve the use of chemical, animal-derived reagents. In this unit we describe a relatively simple and faster isolation protocol that allows collection of a ready-to-use ASC pellet for clinical application...
May 16, 2017: Current Protocols in Stem Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508951/magnesium-ions-enhance-infiltration-of-osteoblasts-in-scaffolds-via-increasing-cell-motility
#18
Ki-Jung Kim, Sunkyung Choi, Yong Sang Cho, Seok-Jo Yang, Young-Sam Cho, Kee K Kim
Magnesium (Mg) ions are the most abundant intracellular divalent cations and play a pivotal role in numerous cellular processes. Biodegradable Mg-containing materials, including scaffolds, are promising candidates for orthopedic applications. Here, we investigated the effect of Mg ions on the cellular properties of osteoblasts. Cytotoxicity tests on osteoblasts confirmed that no cytotoxic effects were found up to a supplementing Mg ion concentration of 10 mM. Mg ions at a concentration of 5 mM increased the migration and invasiveness of osteoblasts...
June 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508148/thermographic-skin-temperature-measurement-compared-with-cold-sensation-in-predicting-the-efficacy-and-distribution-of-epidural-anesthesia
#19
Arnoud A Bruins, Kay R J Kistemaker, Annemieke Boom, John H G M Klaessens, Rudolf M Verdaasdonk, Christa Boer
Due to the high rates of epidural failure (3-32%), novel techniques are required to objectively assess the successfulness of an epidural block. In this study we therefore investigated whether thermographic temperature measurements have a higher predictive value for a successful epidural block when compared to the cold sensation test as gold standard. Epidural anesthesia was induced in 61 patients undergoing elective abdominal, thoracic or orthopedic surgery. A thermographic picture was recorded at 5, 10 and 15 min following epidural anesthesia induction...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504808/outcome-of-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-matched-cohort-study
#20
Michael C Cusick, Randall J Otto, Rachel E Clark, Mark A Frankle
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurologic disorder that affects the musculoskeletal system. Currently, the use of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) for patients with PD has not been adequately studied. The authors sought to determine if RSA provided similar functional outcomes for patients with PD compared with a matched cohort of patients without PD. Between 2004 and 2011, 10 patients with PD (4 men, 6 women) underwent RSA. Patients with PD were matched to patients without PD at a 1:4 ratio based on age (average, 76 years; range, 63-85 years), sex (16 men, 24 women), preoperative diagnosis, and length of follow-up (average, 43 months; range, 24-128 months)...
May 15, 2017: Orthopedics
keyword
keyword
65716
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"