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Myogenesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444806/swine-foetal-myogenesis-in-different-gestation-periods
#1
J Y P Palencia, C A P Garbossa, R P Betarelli, L S Fonseca, E Lanferdini, G C Guimarães, M G Zangeronimo, A P Schinckel, M L T Abreu
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of sex and uterus position on swine foetal myogenesis at different gestational ages. Fifteen primiparous sows were divided into three groups according to gestational age: 50, 80, and 106 days. The experiment was a block randomized factorial design with two sexes (male and female) and three uterine regions (apex, middle, and base). After slaughter, each uterus horn was divided into three segments of equal length: apex region near the ovary; base region near the uterine body; and the middle region, lying between the apex and base regions...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439516/engineering-muscle-networks-in-3d-gelatin-methacryloyl-hydrogels-influence-of-mechanical-stiffness-and-geometrical-confinement
#2
Marco Costantini, Stefano Testa, Ersilia Fornetti, Andrea Barbetta, Marcella Trombetta, Stefano Maria Cannata, Cesare Gargioli, Alberto Rainer
In this work, the influence of mechanical stiffness and geometrical confinement on the 3D culture of myoblast-laden gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) photo-crosslinkable hydrogels was evaluated in terms of in vitro myogenesis. We formulated a set of cell-laden GelMA hydrogels with a compressive modulus in the range 1 ÷ 17 kPa, obtained by varying GelMA concentration and degree of cross-linking. C2C12 myoblasts were chosen as the cell model to investigate the supportiveness of different GelMA hydrogels toward myotube formation up to 2 weeks...
2017: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437004/4-4-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane-ddt-and-4-4-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene-dde-inhibit-myogenesis-in-c2c12-myoblasts
#3
Jonggun Kim, Min Young Park, Yoo Kim, Kyong Sup Yoon, John Marshall Clark, Yeonhwa Park, Kwang-Youn Whang
BACKGROUND: Most countries have banned the use of 4,4'-Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT). However, due to its extremely high lipophilic characteristics, DDT and its metabolite 4,4'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) are ubiquitous in the environment and in many types of food. The positive correlation between exposure to insecticides, including DDT and DDE, and weight gain, resulting in impaired energy metabolism in offspring following perinatal DDT and DDE exposure was previously reported...
April 24, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432201/mg53-biological-function-and-potential-as-a-therapeutic-target
#4
Yan Zhang, Hong-Kun Wu, Fengxiang Lv, Rui-Ping Xiao
MG53 (also known as TRIM72) is a cardiac and skeletal muscle-specific TRIM-family protein that exhibits multiple biological functions. First, MG53 participates in plasma membrane repair of the heart, skeletal muscle and other tissues. Second, MG53 is essentially involved in the cardioprotection of cardiac ischemic, pre-conditioning and post-conditioning, by activating the PI3K-Akt-GSK3β and ERK1/2 survival signaling pathways. Moreover, systemic delivery of recombinant MG53 protein ameliorates the impact of a range of injury insults on heart, skeletal muscle, lung, kidney, skin and brain...
April 21, 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430433/-2r-3s-2-r-3-r-manniflavanone-protects-proliferating-skeletal-muscle-cells-against-oxidative-stress-and-stimulates-myotube-formation
#5
Suresh Acharya, Timo D Stark, Seung Tack Oh, Songhee Jeon, Sok Cheon Pak, Mina K Kim, Toshiaki Matsutomo, Jinyoung Hur, Thomas Hofmann, Rodney A Hill, Onesmo B Balemba
We investigated the antioxidative properties of (2R,3S,2''R,3''R)-Manniflavanone (MF) using in vitro assays, and examined its effects on myogenesis and lactate-induced oxidative stress in C2C12 cells. MF was purified from Garcinia buchananii stem bark. H2O2 and ORAC assay demonstrated that MF is a powerful antioxidant. This finding was supported by DPPH radical scavenging activity of MF. MF was less cytotoxic to C2C12 cells compared to ascorbic acid and myricetin. Moreover, MF accelerated myotube formation in the differentiated C2C12 cells by up-regulating myogenic proteins such as MyoG and MHC...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426898/improving-myoblast-differentiation-on-electrospun-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-scaffolds
#6
Phammela N Abarzúa-Illanes, Cristina Padilla, Andrea Ramos, Mauricio Isaacs, Jorge Ramos-Grez, Hugo C Olguín, Loreto M Valenzuela
Polymer scaffolds are used as an alternative to support tissue regeneration when it does not occur on its own. Cell response on polymer scaffolds is determined by factors such as polymer composition, topology, and the presence of other molecules. We evaluated the cellular response of murine skeletal muscle myoblasts on aligned or unaligned fibers obtained by electrospinning poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL), and blends with poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) or decorin, a proteoglycan known to regulate myogenesis...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422320/mir-34b-modulates-skeletal-muscle-cell-proliferation-and-differentiation
#7
Zhixiong Tang, Huiling Qiu, Lan Luo, Nian Liu, Jiasheng Zhong, Kang Kang, Deming Gou
Myogenesis involves myoblast proliferation and differentiation to myocytes, followed by fusion and hypertrophy to form myotubes during muscle development. Increasing evidence showed that microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the regulation of myogenesis. We have previously revealed that miR-34b is steadily increased during this process. This miRNA regulates differentiation in various cell types, though its function in myogenesis remains to be elucidated. In this study, we show that miR-34b represses muscle cell proliferation and promotes myotube formation...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418110/identification-of-circulating-mirna-involved-in-meat-yield-of-korean-cattle
#8
Surim Lee, Seung-Ju Park, Jae-Kyoung Cheong, Jong-Youl Ko, Jinjong Bong, Myunggi Baik
Cattle plays an important role in providing essential nutrients through meat production. Thus, we focused on epigenetic factors associated with meat yield. To investigating circulating miRNAs that are involved with meat yield and connect biofluids and longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle in Korean cattle, we performed analyses of the carcass characteristics, miRNA array, qPCR, and bioinformatics. Carcass characteristics relative to the yield grade (YG) showed that the yield index and rib eye area were the highest, whereas the backfat thickness was the lowest for YG A (equal to high yield grade) cattle among the three YGs...
April 18, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417963/loop-diuretics-affect-skeletal-myoblast-differentiation-and-exercise-induced-muscle-hypertrophy
#9
Shintaro Mandai, Susumu Furukawa, Manami Kodaka, Yutaka Hata, Takayasu Mori, Naohiro Nomura, Fumiaki Ando, Yutaro Mori, Daiei Takahashi, Yuki Yoshizaki, Yuri Kasagi, Yohei Arai, Emi Sasaki, Sayaka Yoshida, Yasuro Furuichi, Nobuharu L Fujii, Eisei Sohara, Tatemitsu Rai, Shinichi Uchida
Muscle wasting or sarcopenia contributes to morbidity and mortality in patients with cancer, renal failure, or heart failure, and in elderly individuals. Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter 1 (NKCC1) is highly expressed in mammalian skeletal muscle, where it contributes to the generation of membrane ion currents and potential. However, the physiologic function of NKCC1 in myogenesis is unclear. We investigated this issue using the NKCC1 inhibitors bumetanide and furosemide, which are commonly used loop diuretics...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408166/age-and-stage-dependent-variations-of-muscle-specific-gene-expression-in-brown-trout-salmo-trutta-l
#10
Maria V Churova, Olga V Meshcheryakova, Michail Ruchev, Nina N Nemova
This study was conducted to characterize the features of muscle-specific genes expression during development of brown trout Salmo trutta inhabiting the river Krivoy ruchey (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Gene expression levels of myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs - MyoD1 paralogs (MyoD1a, MyoD1b, MyoD1c), Myf5, myogenin), myostatin paralogs (MSTN-1a, MSTN-1b, MSTN-2a), fast sceletal myosin heavy chain (MyHC) were measured in the white muscles of brown trout parr of ages 0+ (under-yearling), 1+ (yearling) and 2+ (two year old) and smolts of age 2+...
April 10, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401685/characterization-of-new-bone-morphogenetic-protein-bmp-2-regulatory-alleles
#11
Tapan A Shah, Youhua Zhu, Nadia N Shaikh, Marie A Harris, Stephen E Harris, Melissa B Rogers
Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2, HGNC:1069, GeneID: 650) is a classical morphogen; a molecule that acts at a distance and whose concentration influences cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Key events requiring precise Bmp2 regulation include heart specification and morphogenesis and neural development. In mesenchymal cells, the concentration of BMP2 influences myogenesis, adipogenesis, chondrogenesis, and osteogenesis. Because the amount, timing, and location of BMP2 synthesis influence pattern formation and organogenesis, the mechanisms that regulate Bmp2 are crucial...
April 12, 2017: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400270/differential-expression-profile-of-mirnas-in-porcine-muscle-and-adipose-tissue-during-development
#12
Qi Wang, Renli Qi, Jing Wang, Wenming Huang, Yongjiang Wu, Huang Xiaofeng, Feiyun Yang, Jinxiu Huang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-coding RNAs that play a crucial regulatory role in many biological processes. Previous studies have reported miRNAs that are associated with the growth, differentiation, and proliferation of myocytes and adipocytes in pigs. However, differences in the miRNA expression profiles between muscle and adipose tissues during porcine development are unknown. Muscle and adipose tissues are the two major organs that are crucial for dynamic energy balance in the development and metabolism...
April 8, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398466/novel-nesprin-1-mutations-associated-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy-cause-nuclear-envelope-disruption-and-defects-in-myogenesis
#13
Can Zhou, Chen Li, Bin Zhou, Huaqin Sun, Victoria Koullourou, Ian Holt, Megan J Puckelwartz, Derek T Warren, Robert Hayward, Ziyuan Lin, Lin Zhang, Glenn E Morris, Elizabeth M McNally, Sue Shackleton, Li Rao, Catherine M Shanahan, Qiuping Zhang
Nesprins-1 and -2 are highly expressed in skeletal and cardiac muscle and together with SUN (Sad1p/UNC84)-domain containing proteins and lamin A/C form the LInker of Nucleoskeleton-and-Cytoskeleton (LINC) bridging complex at the nuclear envelope (NE). Mutations in nesprin-1/2 have previously been found in patients with autosomal dominant Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) as well as dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). In this study, three novel rare variants (R8272Q, S8381C and N8406K) in the C-terminus of the SYNE1 gene (nesprin-1) were identified in seven DCM patients by mutation screening...
April 7, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386539/non-myogenic-contribution-to-muscle-development-and-homeostasis-the-role-of-connective-tissues
#14
REVIEW
Sonya Nassari, Delphine Duprez, Claire Fournier-Thibault
Skeletal muscles belong to the musculoskeletal system, which is composed of bone, tendon, ligament and irregular connective tissue, and closely associated with motor nerves and blood vessels. The intrinsic molecular signals regulating myogenesis have been extensively investigated. However, muscle development, homeostasis and regeneration require interactions with surrounding tissues and the cellular and molecular aspects of this dialogue have not been completely elucidated. During development and adult life, myogenic cells are closely associated with the different types of connective tissue...
2017: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386024/control-of-muscle-formation-by-the-fusogenic-micropeptide-myomixer
#15
Pengpeng Bi, Andres Ramirez-Martinez, Hui Li, Jessica Cannavino, John R McAnally, John M Shelton, Efrain Sánchez-Ortiz, Rhonda Bassel-Duby, Eric N Olson
Skeletal muscle formation occurs through fusion of myoblasts to form multinucleated myofibers. From a genome-wide clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) loss-of-function screen for genes required for myoblast fusion and myogenesis, we discovered an 84-amino acid muscle-specific peptide that we call Myomixer. Myomixer expression coincides with myoblast differentiation and is essential for fusion and skeletal muscle formation during embryogenesis. Myomixer localizes to the plasma membrane, where it promotes myoblast fusion and associates with Myomaker, a fusogenic membrane protein...
April 21, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381519/balance-between-s-nitrosylation-and-denitrosylation-modulates-myoblast-proliferation-independently-of-soluble-guanylyl-cyclase-activation
#16
Aline M S Yamashita, Maryana T C Ancillotti, Luciana P Rangel, Marcio Fontenele, Cicero Figueiredo-Freitas, Ana C Possidonio, Carolina P Soares, Martha M Sorenson, Claudia Mermelstein, Leonardo Nogueira
Nitric oxide (NO) contributes to myogenesis by regulating the transition between myoblast proliferation and fusion through cGMP signaling. NO can form S-nitrosothiols (RSNO), which control signaling pathways in many different cell types. However, neither the role of RSNO content nor its regulation by the denitrosylase activity of S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR) during myogenesis is understood. Here, we used primary cultures of chick embryonic skeletal muscle cells to investigate whether changes in intracellular RSNO alter proliferation and fusion of myoblasts in the presence and absence of cGMP...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380516/integrated-analysis-of-non-coding-rna-and-mrna-expression-profiles-of-2-pig-breeds-differing-in-muscle-traits
#17
J Sun, M Xie, Z Huang, H Li, T Chen, R Sun, J Wang, Qianyun Xi, T Wu, Y Zhang
Production of high-quality meat is important to satisfy the consumer and allow the pork industry to be competitive. It is evident that different muscle fiber types in different breeds greatly influence the pork quality, but the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. We used Ribo-Zero RNA-Seq and miRNA-Seq to examine global expressions of protein-coding transcripts and non-coding RNAs including miRNA, lncRNA, and circRNA in the longissimus dorsi of Landrace and Lantang pigs. Of the 22,469 identified coding transcripts, only 547 candidates were differentially expressed, including 461 upregulated and 86 downregulated transcripts in the Lantang pigs compared with Landrace...
March 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377986/osteocyte-secreted-factors-inhibit-skeletal-muscle-differentiation
#18
Charles L Wood, Paola Divieti Pajevic, Jonathan H Gooi
It is generally accepted that bone and muscle possess the capacity to act in an autocrine, paracrine, or endocrine manner, with a growing body of evidence that suggests muscle can secrete muscle specific cytokines or "myokines", which influence bone metabolism. However, there has been little investigation into the identity of bone specific cytokines that modulate skeletal muscle differentiation and function. This study aimed to elucidate the influence of osteocytes on muscle progenitor cells in vitro and to identify potential bone specific cytokines or "osteokines"...
June 2017: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374141/igf-ii-mediated-downregulation-of-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-coactivator-1%C3%AE-in-myoblast-cells-involves-pi3k-akt-foxo1-signaling-pathway
#19
Xiaoyu Mu, Weihong Qi, Yunzhang Liu, Jianfeng Zhou, Yun Li, Xiaozhi Rong, Ling Lu
Insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) can stimulate myogenesis and is critically involved in skeletal muscle differentiation. The presence of negative regulators of this process, however, is not well explored. Here, we showed that in myoblast cells, IGF-II negatively regulated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) mRNA expression, while constitutive expression of PGC-1α induced myoblast differentiation. These results suggest that the negative regulation of PGC-1α by IGF-II may act as a negative feedback mechanism in IGF-II-induced myogenic differentiation...
April 3, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373641/influence-of-nitric-oxide-generated-through-microwave-plasma-on-l6-skeletal-muscle-cell-myogenesis-via-oxidative-signaling-pathways
#20
Naresh Kumar, Priyanka Shaw, Han Sup Uhm, Eun Ha Choi, Pankaj Attri
Myogenic precursors are myoblasts that have a potency to differentiate into muscle fibers on injury and maintain the regenerative power of skeletal muscle. However, the roles of exogenous nitric oxide (NO) in muscle development and myoblast differentiation are largely unknown. Therefore, in this study, we examined the effects of exogenous NO generated by a microwave plasma torch on rat myoblastic L6 cell proliferation and differentiation. We observed that the differentiation of L6 myogenic precursor cells into myotubes was significantly enhanced after NO treatment...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
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