keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Breast neoplasms

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629810/spindle-cell-lesions-of-the-breast-an-approach-to-diagnosis
#1
REVIEW
Timothy Kwang Yong Tay, Puay Hoon Tan
Spindle cell lesions of the breast are among the less common entities encountered in breast pathology. They encompass a whole spectrum of benign reactive lesions to high grade malignant neoplasms. An accurate diagnosis is important to ensure that the patient receives the appropriate management. While this group of conditions broadly share the same basic morphology of a lesion composed of spindle cells, there are often recognizable differences on histology, which coupled with ancillary studies and correlation with the clinical and imaging findings, can help one to arrive at a specific diagnosis...
May 27, 2017: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625359/roles-of-arf6-in-cancer-cell-invasion-metastasis-and-proliferation
#2
REVIEW
Rui Li, Cheng Peng, Xianzhe Zhang, Yuewei Wu, Shida Pan, Yechen Xiao
ADP-ribosylation factor 6 (Arf6), a member of small GTPases ADP-ribosylation factor (Arf) family, expresses widely in mammalian cells and mainly regulates the functions of membrane traffic and actin remodeling. Current studies indicated that the activation and high expression of Arf6 protein may be significantly correlated with the invasion and metastasis of several tumors, such as breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, lung cancer, etc. Meanwhile, the ability of tumor invasion and metastasis can be suppressed when Arf6 activity is blocked by the inhibitors or small-interfering RNAs of Arf6...
June 15, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624801/bromodomain-inhibition-shows-antitumoral-activity-in-mice-and-human-luminal-breast-cancer
#3
Montserrat Pérez-Salvia, Laia Simó-Riudalbas, Pere Llinàs-Arias, Laura Roa, Fernando Setien, Marta Soler, Manuel Castro de Moura, James E Bradner, Eva Gonzalez-Suarez, Catia Moutinho, Manel Esteller
BET bromodomain inhibitors, which have an antitumoral effect against various solid cancer tumor types, have not been studied in detail in luminal breast cancer, despite the prevalence of this subtype of mammary malignancy. Here we demonstrate that the BET bromodomain inhibitor JQ1 exerts growth-inhibitory activity in human luminal breast cancer cell lines associated with a depletion of the C-MYC oncogene, but does not alter the expression levels of the BRD4 bromodomain protein. Interestingly, expression microarray analyses indicate that, upon JQ1 administration, the antitumoral phenotype also involves downregulation of relevant breast cancer oncogenes such as the Breast Carcinoma-Amplified Sequence 1 (BCAS1) and the PDZ Domain-Containing 1 (PDZK1)...
May 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624359/new-challenges-in-multimodal-workout-of-locally-advanced-breast-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Alejandro Martin Sanchez, Gianluca Franceschini, Armando Orlandi, Alba Di Leone, Riccardo Masetti
The term "locally advanced breast cancer" (LABC) encompasses a heterogeneous group of breast neoplasms that represent an extremely variable percentage of newly diagnosed breast cancers (4-90%, depending of world regions). These cancers may have different clinical and biological characteristics that can be managed by primary surgery or neoadjuvant integrated treatments. In this paper we review the updated guidelines and discuss most recently reported evidence related to LABC multidisciplinary workout, in order to maximize results of combined systemic therapies, modern surgical procedures and radiotherapy...
June 14, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621469/solitary-fibrous-tumor-of-the-breast-a-case-report-and-the-review-of-the-literature
#5
Nikolaos S Salemis
Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) are rare mesenchymal neoplasms. They were first described as spindle-cell tumors originating from the pleura, but they may arise in any anatomical site. SFT of the breast is an exceedingly rare clinical entity. Our literature review yielded only 21 cases reported so far. We describe a case of a SFT of the breast in a premenopausal patient who presented with a gradually enlarging palpable breast mass. Diagnostic evaluation and management are discussed along with a review of the relevant literature...
June 16, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620008/pten-dicer1-fh-and-their-associated-tumor-susceptibility-syndromes-clinical-features-genetics-and-surveillance-recommendations-in-childhood
#6
REVIEW
Kris Ann P Schultz, Surya P Rednam, Junne Kamihara, Leslie Doros, Maria Isabel Achatz, Jonathan D Wasserman, Lisa R Diller, Laurence Brugières, Harriet Druker, Katherine A Schneider, Rose B McGee, William D Foulkes
PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS), DICER1 syndrome, and hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) syndrome are pleiotropic tumor predisposition syndromes that include benign and malignant neoplasms affecting adults and children. PHTS includes several disorders with shared and distinct clinical features. These are associated with elevated lifetime risk of breast, thyroid, endometrial, colorectal, and renal cancers as well as melanoma. Thyroid cancer represents the predominant cancer risk under age 20 years...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610403/functional-disability-in-women-submitted-to-breast-cancer-treatment
#7
Nayara Priscila Dantas de Oliveira, Thais Sousa Rodrigues Guedes, Ayrton Martins Holanda, Mariane Albuquerque Reis, Clecia Patrocínio da Silva, Barbara Layse Rocha e Silva, Gilmara Celli Maia de Almeida, Dyego Leandro Bezerra de Souza
The objective of the study presented herein was to verify the prevalence of functional disability and its associated factors in women submitted to breast cancer treatment. A cross-sectional study was carried out, in 101 women diagnosed with malignant breast cancer neoplasm, who underwent cancer treatment at least 12 months before the study, and remained under clinical monitoring. Functional disability was measured by the DASH instrument. Data collection included variables related to socioeconomic characteristics, life habits, health conditions, clinical tumor characteristics and therapeutic approach...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602452/disease-severity-presentation-and-clinical-outcomes-among-adolescents-with-malignant-breast-neoplasms-a-20-year-population-based-outcomes-study-from-the-seer-database-1973-2009
#8
Vijayashree Murthy, Shonali Pawar, Ronald S Chamberlain
INTRODUCTION: Primary breast cancer in adolescents is extremely rare and thus is not widely studied. This study aimed to evaluate trends, characteristics, and outcomes among a cohort of adolescents with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 657,712 female patients with breast cancer from Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database (1973-2009) were analyzed, and 91 adolescents were identified. Three age groups (under 20 years, 20-50 years or premenopausal, and > 50 years or postmenopausal) were compared for tumor size, stage, receptor status, and outcomes...
May 8, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599475/therapeutic-results-of-a-novel-enzyme-targeting-radiosensitization-treatment-kochi-oxydol-radiation-therapy-for-unresectable-carcinomas-ii-in-patients-with-stage-i-primary-breast-cancer
#9
Nobutaka Aoyama, Yasuhiro Ogawa, Miki Yasuoka, Kenta Ohgi, Hitomi Iwasa, Kana Miyatake, Rika Yoshimatsu, Tomoaki Yamanishi, Norihiko Hamada, Taiji Tamura, Kana Kobayashi, Yoriko Murata, Mitsuhiko Miyamura, Takuji Yamagami
Linac-based stereotactic radiotherapy has little effect on the majority of advanced neoplasms. Therefore, the novel radiosensitizer Kochi oxydol-radiation therapy for unresectable carcinomas (KORTUC) II, which contains hydrogen peroxide and sodium hyaluronate, was developed. The effectiveness of KORTUC II for the treatment of chemotherapy-resistant supraclavicular lymph node metastases, recurrent breast cancer and stage IV primary breast cancer has previously been demonstrated. The present study evaluated the safety and efficacy of KORTUC II for patients with stage I primary breast cancer...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596034/breast-implant-associated-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-the-uk-experience-recommendations-on-its-management-and-implications-for-informed-consent
#10
L Johnson, J M O'Donoghue, N McLean, P Turton, A A Khan, S D Turner, A Lennard, N Collis, M Butterworth, G Gui, J Bristol, J Hurren, S Smith, K Grover, G Spyrou, K Krupa, I A Azmy, I E Young, J J Staiano, H Khalil, F A MacNeill
BACKGROUND: Breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a rare, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma arising in the capsule of breast implants. BIA-ALCL presents as a recurrent effusion and/or mass. Tumours exhibit CD30 expression and are negative for Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK). We report the multi-disciplinary management of the UK series and how the stage of disease may be used to stratify treatment. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2016, 23 cases of BIA-ALCL were diagnosed in 15 regional centres throughout the UK...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591263/myiasis-associated-with-an-invasive-ductal-carcinoma-of-the-left-breast-case-study
#11
Felipe Tavares Rodrigues, Larissa Raquel Klemig, Marcos Roberto Pereira Cardozo, Paulo Cesar Alves, Valéria Magalhães Aguiar, Claudia Soares Lessa
Most breast cancers originate in the ductal epithelium and are referred to as invasive ductal carcinoma. In this study we report on the clinical procedures adopted to diagnose myiasis in association with infiltrating metastatic breast carcinoma in a female patient. A 41 years old woman came to the Federal Hospital of Andaraí complaining of intense itching, warmth, redness and hardening of the breast, which had acquired the aspect of an orange peel. A lesion in the left breast was cavitated, dimpled, had fetid odor, and had fibrotic and infected air nodules filled with exudate and Dipteran larvae...
June 1, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584621/fibroadenoma-progress-to-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-infiltrating-ductal-carcinoma-and-lymph-node-metastasis-report-an-unusual-case
#12
Yu-Ting Wu, Hua-Koon Wu, Shou-Tung Chen, Chih-Jung Chen, Dar-Ren Chen, Hung-Wen Lai
Fibroadenoma of the breast is the most common benign neoplasm in young women who present with a palpable, movable mass. Malignancy inside fibroadenomas is rare, with reported rates ranging from 0.002% to 0.125%. Carcinoma in situ inside a fibroadenoma is usually found incidentally when tumours are excised. Whether fibroadenoma is a risk factor for breast cancer remains controversial. Due to the rarity of carcinomas inside fibroadenomas, medical institutes have little experience with this phenomenon. We report an unusual case in which progression occurred from benign fibroadenoma to ductal carcinoma in situ, infiltrating ductal carcinoma and lymph node metastasis...
May 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583649/spindle-cell-lesions-of-the-breast-multimodality-imaging-and-clinical-differentiation-of-pathologically-similar-neoplasms
#13
REVIEW
Sean D Raj, Kevin Sweetwood, Megha M Kapoor, Karuna M Raj, Chandandeep Nagi, Karla A Sepulveda, Emily L Sedgwick
Spindle cell lesions of the breast comprise a wide-range of entities including reactive, benign and malignant proliferations. They can be pathologically challenging to differentiate as there is often immunohistochemical and morphologic similarities with characteristic spindle shaped cellular patterns. Radiological and pathological correlation is essential. Radiology detects, defines the size and extent, and assists in localizing the lesions. Pathology confirms the diagnosis and provides prognostic parameters...
May 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575697/pet-ct-with-18-f-choline-physiological-whole-bio-distribution-in-male-and-female-subjects-and-diagnostic-pitfalls-on-1000-prostate-cancer-patients-18-f-choline-pet-ct-bio-distribution-and-pitfalls-a-southern-italian-experience
#14
Ferdinando Calabria, Agostino Chiaravalloti, Carmelo Cicciò, Vincenzo Gangemi, Domenico Gullà, Federico Rocca, Gianpasquale Gallo, Giuseppe Lucio Cascini, Orazio Schillaci
INTRODUCTION: The (11)C/(18)F-choline is a PET/CT radiopharmaceutical useful in detecting tumors with high lipogenesis. (11)C/(18)F-choline uptake can occur in physiological conditions or tumors. The knowledge of its bio-distribution is essential to recognize physiologic variants or diagnostic pitfalls. Moreover, few information are available on the bio-distribution of this tracer in female patients. Our aim was to discuss some documented (18)F-choline PET/CT pitfalls in prostate cancer patients...
April 17, 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574869/cancer-incidence-estimation-method-an-apulian-experience
#15
Anna M Nannavecchia, Ivan Rashid, Francesco Cuccaro, Antonio Chieti, Danila Bruno, Maria G Burgio Lo Monaco, Cinzia Tanzarella, Lucia Bisceglia
The Cancer Registry of Puglia (RTP) was instituted in 2008 as a regional population-based cancer registry. It consists of six sections (Foggia, Barletta-Andria-Tran, Bari, Brindisi, Lecce, and Taranto) and covers more than 4 000 000 inhabitants. At present, four of six sections have received accreditation by AIRTUM (53% of regional population). To point out possible regional geographic variability in cancer incidence and also to support health services planning, we developed an original estimation method to ensure a complete territorial coverage...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573464/imaging-features-of-mammary-type-myofibroblastoma-of-soft-tissue-a-case-series-with-literature-review
#16
Gokhan Kuyumcu, Brian P Rubin, Carl Winalski
Mammary-type myofibroblastoma (MTM) is a rare, benign neoplasm that is histologically identical to myofibroblastoma of the breast, but occurring in an extramammary site. The masses have been reported in superficial and deep soft tissue sites and visceral locations with the inguinal area and lower extremities are the most common. Most previous reports of MTMs have concentrated on clinical and pathological findings, with very limited information regarding imaging characteristics. Here, we describe three cases of MTM diagnosed at our institution, with a focus on imaging findings...
June 1, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571584/spotlight-on-landmark-oncology-trials-the-latest-evidence-and-novel-trial-designs
#17
EDITORIAL
Helena Earl, Stefano Molica, Piotr Rutkowski
The era of precision oncology is marked with prominent successes in the therapy of advanced soft tissue sarcomas, breast cancer, ovarian cancer and haematological neoplasms, among others. Moreover, recent trials of immune checkpoint inhibitors in melanoma, non-small cell lung carcinoma, and head and neck cancers have significantly influenced the therapeutic landscape by providing promising evidence for immunotherapy efficacy in the adjuvant setting in high-risk locoregional disease. To speed up the introduction of targeted therapy for cancer patients, novel phase II trials are being designed, and may likely form the basis for the 'landmark trials' of the future...
June 2, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561716/breast-cancer-after-childhood-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-it-s-not-just-about-chest-radiation
#18
David Hodgson, Flora van Leeuwen, Andrea Ng, Lindsay Morton, Tara O Henderson
Women who have been treated for a childhood, adolescent, or young adult cancer are at an increased risk for developing breast cancer at a young age, and breast cancer accounts for the most common subsequent malignant neoplasm among female childhood and adolescent cancer survivors. Risk of breast cancer in these survivors appears to be a multifaceted relationship between constitutional factors, exposures to radiation therapy (RT) and chemotherapy, and genetic predisposition. Given the significant morbidities and mortality associated with a breast cancer diagnosis, it is imperative that health care providers understand the risks, biology and genetics, recommended surveillance guidelines for early detection, and potential prevention strategies for women who have survived pediatric and young adult cancer...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556395/effects-of-exercise-training-on-breast-cancer-metastasis-in-a-rat-model
#19
Antonieta Alvarado, Rui M Gil da Costa, Ana I Faustino-Rocha, Rita Ferreira, Carlos Lopes, Paula A Oliveira, Bruno Colaço
Exercise training is thought to play a protective role against cancer development and metastasis, either by reducing hormonal stimulation of hormone-dependent cancers or by reducing the permeability of vascular walls towards invading metastatic cells. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the role of long-term exercise training in the development and metastasis of breast cancer, in an immune-competent 1-methyl-1-nitrosourea (MNU) induced rat model. A single MNU dose was administered to Sprague-Dawley rats at 50 days of age and the rats were subjected to exercise training on a treadmill at 20 m/min, 60 min/day, 5 days/week for 35 weeks...
February 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555346/endobronchial-metastasis-from-extrapulmonary-neoplasms-analysis-of-clinicopathologic-features-and-cytological-evaluation-by-bronchial-brushing
#20
Kenji Ikemura, Diana Murro Lin, Colin P Martyn, Ji-Weon Park, Christopher W Seder, Paolo Gattuso
PURPOSE: Bronchial brushings (BB) commonly aid in the diagnosis of primary lung cancer. However, the utility of this method in diagnosing endobronchial metastases (EBM) from extrapulmonic malignancies has not been thoroughly evaluated. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the sensitivity of BB in diagnosing EBM. METHODS: An institutional database was queried for all patients with cytologically or histologically confirmed extrapulmonary EBM identified by endobronchial biopsy between 1978 and 2013...
May 29, 2017: Lung
keyword
keyword
65694
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"