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Breast neoplasms

Paula Tâmara Vieira Teixeira Pereira, Andréa Dias Reis, Renata Rodrigues Diniz, Franciléia Andrade Lima, Richard Diego Leite, Mayara Cristina Pinto da Silva, Rosane Nassar Meireles Guerra, Érica Brandão de Moraes Vieira, João Batista Santos Garcia
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is defined as a distressing, persistent, and subjective sense of physical or emotional and/or cognitive exhaustion. The treatment of CRF includes pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies; dietary strategies with promising results have also been used. This study aimed to identify dietary supplements that improve fatigue in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement...
June 18, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Madhuri Martin, Joshua K Sabari, Gulisa Turashvili, Darragh F Halpenny, Hira Rizvi, Natalie Shapnik, Vicky Makker
Introduction: Multiple primary tumors (MPTs) are defined as two or more separate synchronous or metachronous neoplasms occurring in different sites in the same individual. These tumors differ in histology, as well as primary sites from which they arise. Risk factors associated with the occurrence of MPTs include germline alterations, exposure to prior cancer therapies, occupational hazards, and lifestyle and behavioral influences. Case report: We present a case of a patient who was diagnosed with four metachronous primary tumors...
May 2018: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
Xavier de Sousa, Pedro Santos Ferreira, Luís Branco, Jorge Simões, Matilde Gonçalves, Manuel Vítor Rigueira, Luís Cortez
Introduction: Breast lesions include a heterogeneous group of entities with variable clinical behaviour and morphological presentation, mostly classified as benign or malignant, with predictable behaviour. However, there are lesions with clinical, breast imaging and/or biopsy characteristics that do not clarify their nature. These lesions have an uncertain behaviour regarding their malignant potential at diagnosis.We intend to relate the preoperative diagnosis of neoplasm of uncertain behaviour of the breast (NUnBB) regarding the core needle biopsy and the histological result after excisional biopsy...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Rafael Delgado Morales, Armando Gil Mendoza, Carmen Luces, Efren Bolívar Abreu, Gabriel Romero, Gabriel Pérez, Leonardo Russo
Aggressive fibromatosis comprises connective tissue tumours that represent 0.03% of all bodily neoplasms, occurring more often in the abdominal wall, mesentery, and extremities; its location in the breast constitutes a very infrequent type of lesion. Its pathogenesis is diverse and its relationship with augmentation mastoplasty is still unclear. Four cases of aggressive breast fibromatosis following augmentation mastoplasty are reported in this article.
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Cory M McLaughlin, Jessica Gonzalez-Hernandez, Monica Bennett, Hannah G Piper
BACKGROUND: Pediatric breast masses can be a diagnostic challenge. Nearly all are benign, but there is no consensus on which should be removed. We hypothesized that children with asymptomatic breast lesions can be safely managed nonoperatively. METHODS: We performed a single-institution retrospective review of children (≤18 y) who underwent breast mass excision from 2008 to 2016. Male patients with gynecomastia and those who had needle biopsy without formal excision were excluded...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Aparna Harbhajanka, Satyapal Chahar, Kristy Miskimen, Paula Silverman, Lyndsay Harris, Nicole Williams, Vinay Varadan, Hannah Gilmore
The transcription factor SOX10 mediates the differentiation of neural crest-derived cells, and SOX10 by immunohistochemistry(IHC) is used primarily for the diagnosis of melanoma. SOX10 expression has been previously documented in benign breast myoepithelial cells. However there is limited literature on its expression in triple negative breast carcinoma(TNBC). The aim was to study the clinical, pathologic and molecular profiles of SOX10+ tumors in TNBC. Tissue microarrays of TNBC were evaluated for SOX10 expression in 48cases...
June 9, 2018: Human Pathology
Rakul Nambiar, T M Anoop, Rari P Mony
Abdominal wall lesions can be broadly divided into nontumorous and tumorous conditions. Nontumorous lesions include congenital lesion, abdominal wall hernia, inflammation and infection, vascular lesions, and miscellaneous conditions like hematoma. Tumorous lesions include benign and malignant neoplasms. Here, we report an unusual case of abdominal wall endometriosis mimicking metastases in a patient with breast carcinoma.
June 2018: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Elise Nguyen, Manando Nakasaki, Thomas K Lee, Di Lu
Paragangliomas are rare neoplasms that arise from the chromaffin cells of the autonomic nervous system. Although paragangliomas can occur anywhere paraganglia are present, they tend to occur in the head, neck, and retroperitoneum. Rarely, paragangliomas can occur in the peripancreatic area and present as a pancreatic mass, creating a diagnostic challenge for the clinician, radiologist, and pathologist. Here, we present a case of a 70-year-old woman with history of breast carcinoma who presented with chronic constipation, early satiety, and an abdominal mass...
June 7, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Lucie M Turcotte, Joseph P Neglia, Raoul C Reulen, Cecile M Ronckers, Flora E van Leeuwen, Lindsay M Morton, David C Hodgson, Yutaka Yasui, Kevin C Oeffinger, Tara O Henderson
Subsequent malignant neoplasms (SMNs) in childhood cancer survivors cause substantial morbidity and mortality. This review summarizes recent literature on SMN epidemiology, risk factors, surveillance, and interventions. Survivors of childhood cancer experience long-term increased SMN risk compared with the general population, with a greater than twofold increased solid tumor risk extending beyond age 40 years. There is a dose-dependent increased risk for solid tumors after radiotherapy, with the highest risks for tumors occurring in or near the treatment field (eg, greater than fivefold increased risk for breast, brain, thyroid, skin, bone, and soft tissue malignancies)...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
An De Groef, Mira Meeus, Tessa De Vrieze, Lore Vos, Marijke Van Kampen, Inge Geraerts, Nele Devoogdt
BACKGROUND: Hypersensitivity of the central nervous system to environmental and chemical stimuli is a clinical feature of central sensitization mechanisms that can be assessed with the central sensitization inventory (CSI). OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine prevalence rate of this feature and explore the treatment-, patient-, pain-, and psychosocial-related variables associated with the degree of self-reported signs of central sensitization, assessed with the CSI (0-100), in breast cancer survivors at long-term...
May 2018: Pain Physician
Ali Aghdassi, Agnes Christoph, Frank Dombrowski, Paula Döring, Christoph Barth, Jan Christoph, Markus M Lerch, Peter Simon
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare malignancies but the most common mesenchymal tumors of the digestive tract. Recent advances in diagnostic imaging and an increasing incidence will confront us more frequently with stromal tumors. This single center study aimed to characterize GIST patients in terms of tumor location, clinical presentation, metastasis formation, as well as associated secondary malignancies. METHODS: In a retrospective study, 104 patients with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of GIST, collected between 1993 and 2011, were characterized for several clinical features...
June 5, 2018: Digestive Diseases
Jai D Parekh, Shweta Kukrety, Abhishek Thandra, Carrie Valenta
Only a few case reports to date have described patients with three or more cancers. However, the incidence of multiple primary malignancies is increasing due to the improved survival of cancer patients, the prolonged lifespan of the general population, and better diagnostic techniques. This report describes a 73-year-old woman with primary breast, rectal squamous cell, and renal cell carcinomas. This case is unique because, in addition to having three primary malignancies, this patient had rectal squamous cell carcinoma-one of the rarest types of rectal cancer...
March 28, 2018: Curēus
Zhaoming Wang, Carmen L Wilson, John Easton, Andrew Thrasher, Heather Mulder, Qi Liu, Dale J Hedges, Shuoguo Wang, Michael C Rusch, Michael N Edmonson, Shawn Levy, Jennifer Q Lanctot, Eric Caron, Kyla Shelton, Kelsey Currie, Matthew Lear, Aman Patel, Celeste Rosencrance, Ying Shao, Bhavin Vadodaria, Donald Yergeau, Yadav Sapkota, Russell J Brooke, Wonjong Moon, Evadnie Rampersaud, Xiaotu Ma, Ti-Cheng Chang, Stephen V Rice, Cynthia Pepper, Xin Zhou, Xiang Chen, Wenan Chen, Angela Jones, Braden Boone, Matthew J Ehrhardt, Matthew J Krasin, Rebecca M Howell, Nicholas S Phillips, Courtney Lewis, Deokumar Srivastava, Ching-Hon Pui, Chimene A Kesserwan, Gang Wu, Kim E Nichols, James R Downing, Melissa M Hudson, Yutaka Yasui, Leslie L Robison, Jinghui Zhang
Purpose Childhood cancer survivors are at increased risk of subsequent neoplasms (SNs), but the germline genetic contribution is largely unknown. We assessed the contribution of pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) mutations in cancer predisposition genes to their SN risk. Patients and Methods Whole-genome sequencing (30-fold) was performed on samples from childhood cancer survivors who were ≥ 5 years since initial cancer diagnosis and participants in the St Jude Lifetime Cohort Study, a retrospective hospital-based study with prospective clinical follow-up...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Leah B Strickland-Marmol, Carlos A Muro-Cacho, Kay Washington, Philip R Foulis
CONTEXT: - Cancer registrars should work closely with pathologists to ensure compliance with reporting standards. Many registrars, however, have little contact with pathologists, resulting in a lack of "real-time" interaction that is essential for their professional activities and development. OBJECTIVE: - To facilitate registrars' case management, as cancer biology becomes more complex, we developed the ATP (Ask the Pathologist) forum as a place to ask pathology-related questions about neoplasms, such as terminology, biology, histologic classification, extent of disease, molecular markers, and prognostic factors...
May 30, 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Yung Lyou, Emily Barber, Rita Mehta, Thomas Lee, Wamda Goreal, Ritesh Parajuli
In the last couple of decades, breast conservation therapy, which utilizes a combination of surgery, radiotherapy, and endocrine or chemotherapy, has become the standard of care for treating early-stage breast cancer. This practice has been greatly beneficial in the improvement of the patient's quality of life but has also led to the increased use of radiotherapy and associated soft-tissue sarcomas, with angiosarcoma being the most common malignancy. Radiation-associated angiosarcoma (RAS) of the breast is a rare phenomenon, which has been reported to occur in approximately 0...
January 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
Dominik Taterra, Brandon Michael Henry, Michał P Zarzecki, Beatrice Sanna, Przemysław A Pękala, Roberto Cirocchi, Jerzy A Walocha, R Shane Tubbs, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
PURPOSE: The following research aimed to investigate the prevalence and anatomical features of the axillary arch (AA) - a muscular, tendinous or musculotendinous slip arising from the latissimus dorsi and that terminates in various structures around the shoulder girdle. The AA may complicate axillary lymph node biopsy or breast reconstruction surgery and may cause thoracic outlet syndrome. METHODS: Major electronic databases were thoroughly searched for studies on the AA and its variations...
May 22, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Julian Wienert, Matthias Bethge
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation programs that support return to work become increasingly relevant for cancer survivors. In Germany, such programs were established as work-related medical rehabilitation (WMR). The study investigated whether WMR leads to better results compared to medical rehabilitation (MR). We report effects on secondary outcomes when the rehabilitation program was completed. METHODS: Clusters of participants were randomly assigned to WMR or MR. Patients of working age and an elevated risk of not returning to work were included...
May 25, 2018: Die Rehabilitation
Khadija Sellami, Madiha Mseddi, Mouna Snoussi, Hela Gharbi, Faten Frikha, Rayda Ben Salah, Moez Jallouli, Sameh Marzouk, Abderrahmen Masmoudi, Zouhir Bahloul, Hamida Turki
INTRODUCTION: The prognosis of dermatomyositis (DM)/polymyositis (PM) in adults is partly related to their association with neoplasia. The aim of our study was to report the epidemiologic, clinical, paraclinical, therapeutic and evolutionary aspects of DM associated with malignancy in patients from Sfax, south eastern of Tunisia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients with DM or PM admitted in Dermatology and Internal Medicine Departments of Hedi Chaker University Hospital of Sfax between 1996 and 2015...
May 21, 2018: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
David Israel Garrido, Santiago Moises Garrido
Background and aims: Cancer is a leading cause of death in Ecuador with high social and economic impact. This study aims to determinate the influence of living at a high altitude on the risk of developing or dying from cancer among the Ecuadorian population. Methods: This is an ecological and epidemiological analysis of cancer mortality and prevalence rates, based on national data from the Ecuadorian National Statistics and Census Institute, corresponding to the period between 2005 and 2014...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
Nadjla Alsadoun, Gaëtan MacGrogan, Caroline Truntzer, Magali Lacroix-Triki, Isabelle Bedgedjian, Marie-Hélène Koeb, Elsy El Alam, Dan Medioni, Michel Parent, Pascal Wuithier, Isabelle Robert, Romain Boidot, Laurent Arnould
Solid papillary carcinoma with reverse polarity is a rare breast cancer of favorable prognosis that can be difficult to diagnose. We report here nine additional cases of this tumor, and we describe its morphologic, immunohistochemical and molecular profile in comparison to other types of papillary and micropapillary lesions of the breast that are intraductal papilloma with usual ductal hyperplasia, encapsulated papillary carcinoma, solid papillary carcinoma and invasive micropapillary carcinoma. We studied nine cases of this special papillary tumor and six of each other types mentioned above...
May 21, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
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