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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140448/internal-locus-of-control-health-literacy-and-health-an-israeli-cultural-perspective
#1
Orna Baron-Epel, Diane Levin-Zamir, Vicki Cohen, Asher Elhayany
The association between health literacy (HL) and health outcomes, including self-perceived health (SPH) has been well documented. Yet the complexity of this association is not yet completely clear. Drawing on the Health Literacy Scale (HLS) study in Israel, we examined the association between HL, Internal Health Locus of Control (IHLOC) and SPH among Jews and Arabs. A face-to-face survey was conducted among 242 Arabs and 358 Jews. The questionnaire measured SPH, IHLOC and two measures of HL: a European HLScale (HLS-EU-16) and the Hebrew/Arabic Health Literacy Test (H/AHLT), based on the Short Test Of Functional Health Literacy in Adults...
November 13, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134767/availability-and-approval-of-cannabis-based-medicines-for-chronic-pain-management-and-palliative-supportive-care-in-europe-a-survey-of-the-status-in-the-chapters-of-the-european-pain-federation
#2
N Krcevski-Skvarc, C Wells, W Häuser
BACKGROUND: There is considerable public and political interest in the use of cannabis products for medical purposes. METHODS: The task force of the European Pain Federation (EFIC) conducted a survey with its national chapters representatives on the status of approval of all types of cannabis-based medicines, the covering of costs and the availability of a position paper of a national medical association on the use of medical cannabis for chronic pain and for symptom control in palliative/supportive care...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132368/frequency-of-canine-nt230-del4-mdr1-mutation-in-prone-pure-breeds-their-crosses-and-mongrels-in-israel-insights-from-a-worldwide-comparative-perspective
#3
Yaron Dekel, Yossy Machluf, Aviad Stoler, Arava Aderet, Daniel Baumel, Efrat Kellerman, Yoram Plotsky, Oshrat Noked Partouche, Gal Elhalal, Izhar Ben-Shlomo, Dani Bercovich
BACKGROUND: Sensitivity to macrocyclic lactones, which are commonly used in veterinary clinics, was first found in Rough Collies, and was attributed in 2001 to a 4 bp deletion in the MDR1 gene. The list of affected breeds currently includes 13 breeds. Researchers from different countries and continents examined the allelic frequencies of the nt230(del4) MDR1 mutation, emphasizing the clinical importance of this test not only to mutation-prone dogs, but also to their crosses and mongrels, since treatment of a deletion carrier with these compounds may lead to its death...
November 13, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127800/regulation-of-chemicals-in-children-s-products-how-u-s-and-eu-regulation-impacts-small-markets
#4
Maya Negev, Tamar Berman, Shay Reicher, Simona Balan, Anna Soehl, Shula Goulden, Ruti Ardi, Yaniv Shammai, Laura Hadar, Arlene Blum, Miriam L Diamond
Toys and children's products may contain trace metals and organic compounds that are potentially harmful to the health and development of infants and young children. Intergovernmental organizations and individual countries regulate chemicals in consumer products, but a coordinated international approach is lacking. This paper examines the implications of chemical regulation in children's products in large markets for a smaller market, namely Israel. We compared chemical regulations in children's products in the U...
November 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125806/the-secret-of-intrafamilial-child-sexual-abuse-who-keeps-it-and-how
#5
Dafna Tener
This article analyzes how women survivors of intrafamilial child sexual abuse perceive the family members who took part in keeping it secret and their tactics for doing so. Analysis of 20 in-depth interviews with Jewish Israeli women revealed unique ways of guarding the secret. These were attributed to the perpetrator, the mother and the family. Secret-keeping tactics included presenting a normative public identity or an unstable psychological identity, presenting multiple personas, reframing the abuse, concealing any trace of the secret after it was disclosed, as if the abuse had never happened, and making a monument of the abuser...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124460/medical-egg-freezing-the-importance-of-a-patient-centered-approach-to-fertility-preservation
#6
Marcia C Inhorn, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Lynn M Westphal, Joseph Doyle, Norbert Gleicher, Dror Meirow, Hila Raanani, Martha Dirnfeld, Pasquale Patrizio
PURPOSE: This binational qualitative study of medical egg freezing (MEF) examined women's motivations and experiences, including their perceived needs for patient-centered care in the midst of fertility- and life-threatening diagnoses. METHODS: Forty-five women who had undertaken MEF were interviewed in the USA (33 women) and in Israel (12 women) between June 2014 and August 2016. Interviews lasted approximately 1 h and were conducted by two senior medical anthropologists, one in each country...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121511/medical-egg-freezing-and-cancer-patients-hopes-fertility-preservation-at-the-intersection-of-life-and-death
#7
Marcia C Inhorn, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Pasquale Patrizio
Egg freezing (i.e., oocyte cryopreservation) is a new reproductive technology that allows women's eggs to be frozen and stored for future use. Over the past five years, so-called "medical egg freezing" (MEF) has begun to play a major role as a form of fertility preservation for young women with cancer and other fertility-threatening medical conditions. Indeed, women who are candidates for MEF are often facing the "double jeopardy" of fertility loss and potential death. In this article, we examine the experiences of the first generation of women to use MEF in the United States and Israel, two countries where experimental use of MEF began early, and where MEF is now offered clinically in many in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinics...
October 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120288/reproductive-health-and-rights-in-east-jerusalem-the-effects-of-militarisation-and-biopolitics-on-the-experiences-of-pregnancy-and-birth-of-palestinians-living-in-the-kufr-aqab-neighbourhood
#8
Layaly Hamayel, Doaa Hammoudeh, Lynn Welchman
Research with marginalised communities points to the need to understand political determinants of reproductive health. For residents of Kufr 'Aqab neighbourhood, Israeli biopolitics in East Jerusalem can be barriers to access to maternal health. This is manifested in women having to cross military checkpoints to give birth in hospitals located in Jerusalem to make their children eligible for "permanent residency", a document required for Palestinians to live in Jerusalem. A basic qualitative design is utilised, and semi-structured in-depth interviews with 27 women and 20 men were conducted and thematic analysis was used to extract themes and subthemes...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114191/cardiac-autonomic-neuropathy-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-using-bellavere-s-score-system
#9
Azhar Memon
Objective: Determine the frequency of cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in type 2 diabetics using Bellavere's score system. Subjects and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Medicine, Isra University Hospital Hyderabad from March to November 2011. Sixty voluntary participants of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) were selected through non-probability purposive sampling. Cardiac autonomic nerve function was assessed using Bellavere's score system...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110202/religiosity-as-a-substance-use-protective-factor-among-female-college-students
#10
Richard Isralowitz, Alexander Reznik, Orly Sarid, Adi Dagan, Orli Grinstein-Cohen, Vered Yeflach Wishkerman
Research exists about religiosity as a substance use protective factor. However, there is little attention of this issue regarding Israeli female college students. Undergraduate religious and secular students were studied. Religious students reported lower last month tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and non-medical prescription drug use. Secular females who smoked, missed class because of party habits and reported easy access to cannabis had a higher probability of binge drinking. This study contributes to knowledge about religiosity and college student substance use, and it provides useful information for their mental health and well-being...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107196/high-prevalence-of-the-igf2-rs680-gg-polymorphism-among-top-level-sprinters-and-jumpers
#11
Sigal Ben-Zaken, Yoav Meckel, Dan Nemet, Alon Eliakim
Previous studies have shown that the IGF1 polymorphism is associated with greater muscle mass and improved power athletic ability, but very little is known about the IGF2 polymorphism and athletic performance. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to assess the frequency distribution of the IGF2 rs680 polymorphism among Israeli athletes. METHODS: 185 short- (n=72) and long-distance (n=113) runners, 94 short- (n=44) and long-distance (n=50) swimmers, 54 weight lifters and 111 controls participated in the study...
October 3, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106554/active-and-healthy-lifestyle-nationwide-programs-in-israeli-schools
#12
Sima Zach, Varda Inglis, Aviva Zeev, Michal Arnon, Yael Netz
The World Health Organization (WHO) announced the 'Global School Health Initiative' in 1995 following recommendations formulated in the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. Hence, the aims of the present study were to describe the various programs for nurturing an active and healthy lifestyle implemented during 2011-12 in schools in Israel, and to identify variables that may explain the success versus lack of success in implementing these programs. Participants were a nationwide representative sample of 126 school principals from six supervisory districts of the Ministry of Education, including six sectors, from the elementary, junior-high and senior-high school levels...
July 3, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106528/the-first-mitochondrial-genomics-and-evolution-smbe-satellite-meeting-a-new-scientific-symbiosis
#13
Oren Ostersetzer, Nick Lane, Andrew Pomiankowski, Ron Burton, Göran Arnqvist, Aleksandra Filipovska, Dorothée Huchon, Dan Mishmar
The central role of the mitochondrion for cellular and organismal metabolism is well known, yet its functional role in evolution has rarely been featured in leading international conferences. Moreover, the contribution of mitochondrial genetics to complex disease phenotypes is particularly important, and although major advances have been made in the field of genomics, mitochondrial genomic data has in many cases been overlooked. Accumulating data and new knowledge support a major contribution of this maternally inherited genome, and its interactions with the nucleus, to both major evolutionary processes and diverse disease phenotypes...
November 2, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103236/new-israeli-sonographic-estimated-fetal-weight-growth-curves-as-compared-to-current-birth-weight-growth-curves-on-what-should-diagnosis-of-intrauterine-growth-disorders-be-based
#14
Alon Z Sapir, Izzat Khayyat, Ron Rabinowitz, Arnon Samueloff, Lior Drukker, Hen Y Sela
BACKGROUND: Two types of growth curves are commonly used to diagnose fetal growth disorders: neonatal birth weight (BW) and sonographic estimated fetal weight (EFW). The debate as to which growth curve to use is universal. OBJECTIVES: To establish sonographic EFW growth curves for the Israeli population and to assess whether the use of the BW growth curves currently adapted in Israel leads to under-diagnosis of intrauterine growth disorders. METHODS: Biometric data collected during a 6 year period was analyzed to establish sonographic EFW growth curves between 15-42 weeks of gestation for the Israeli population...
October 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102866/concentrations-of-trace-metals-phthalates-bisphenol-a-and-flame-retardants-in-toys-and-other-children-s-products-in-israel
#15
Maya Negev, Tamar Berman, Shay Reicher, Maya Sadeh, Ruti Ardi, Yaniv Shammai
Trace metals and synthetic chemicals including phthalates, bisphenol A and flame retardants, are widely used in toys and childcare products, and may pose acute or chronic adverse health effects in children. In Israel, certain chemicals are regulated in childcare products, but there are still regulatory gaps. We tested regulated and unregulated contaminants in 174 item parts from 70 childcare items with potentially high oral or dermal exposure, including 22 children's jewelry items, 14 toys, 7 diaper-changing mats, 6 baby mattresses, 7 baby textiles and 14 feeding and bathing items...
November 2, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100590/anemia-and-the-risk-of-life-threatening-ventricular-tachyarrhythmias-from-the-israeli-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-registry
#16
Ido Goldenberg, Alon Barsheshet, Avishag Laish-Farkash, Moshe Swissa, Jorge E Schliamser, Yoav Michowitz, Michael Glikson, Mahmoud Suleiman
Anemia was shown to be associated with increased risk for adverse events in patients with heart failure (HF). However, there are limited data on the association between anemia and the risk for ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). The present study population comprised 2,352 patients who were enrolled and prospectively followed up in the Israeli ICD Registry. The risk for a first appropriate ICD shock for VA was assessed by the presence of anemia, categorized at the lower tertile of hemoglobin distribution (≤12 g/dL [n = 753])...
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099242/correction-to-abuelaish-and-arya-the-palestinian-israeli-conflict-a-disease-for-which-root-causes-must-be-acknowledged-and-treated
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098285/risk-of-extraocular-extension-in-eyes-with-retinoblastoma-receiving-intravitreous-chemotherapy
#18
Jasmine H Francis, David H Abramson, Xunda Ji, Carol L Shields, Luiz F Teixeira, Amy C Schefler, Nathalie Cassoux, Doris Hadjistilianou, Jesse L Berry, Shahar Frenkel, Francis L Munier
Importance: The risk of extraocular extension from injecting chemotherapy into eyes with retinoblastoma is minimally understood; however, understanding this risk is important because of the increasing use of intravitreous chemotherapy. Objective: To evaluate the risk of extraocular extension in eyes with retinoblastoma that have received intravitreous chemotherapy injections. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study was performed in 655 patients at 10 retinoblastoma centers in North and South American, European, Israeli, and Chinese centers...
November 2, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097989/organizing-the-confusion-surrounding-workaholism-new-structure-measure-and-validation
#19
Or Shkoler, Edna Rabenu, Cristinel Vasiliu, Gil Sharoni, Aharon Tziner
Since "workaholism" was coined, a considerable body of research was conducted to shed light on its essence. After at least 40 years of studying this important phenomenon, a large variety of definitions, conceptualizations, and measures emerged. In order to try and bring more integration and consensus to this construct, the current research was conducted in two phases. We aimed to formulate a theoretical definitional framework for workaholism, capitalizing upon the Facet Theory Approach. Two basic facets were hypothesized: A...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094972/identity-exploration-and-commitment-in-early-adolescence-genetic-and-environmental-contributions
#20
Noam Markovitch, Koen Luyckx, Theo Klimstra, Lior Abramson, Ariel Knafo-Noam
Identity formation is a key developmental task in adolescence. Although many adolescents in modern societies face issues of identity, there are substantial individual differences in identity exploration and commitment. Little is known about the origins of these individual differences. The current study investigated the genetic and environmental contributions to identity formation. In total, 571 11-year-old twins (85 monozygotic complete pairs and 176 dizygotic complete pairs) reported on their identity formation, using the Dimensions of Identity Development Scale (DIDS; Luyckx, Schwartz, Berzonsky, et al...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
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