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Ariel Finkielsztein, Lorraine Mascarenhas, Veronika Butin-Israeli, Ronen Sumagin
Polymorphonuclear neutrophil-derived microparticles (PMN)-MPs) are lipid bilayer, spherical microvesicles with sizes ranging from 50-1,000 nm in diameter. MPs are a newly evolving, important part of cell-to-cell communication and signaling machinery. Because of their size and the nature of their release, until recently MP existence was overlooked. However, with improved technology and analytical methods their function in health and disease is now emerging. The protocols presented here are aimed at isolating and characterizing PMN-MPs by flow cytometry and immunoblotting...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Alessandro Pepe, Loredana Addimando, Jamal Dagdouke, Shaher Yagi, Guido Veronese
BACKGROUND: Subjective wellbeing can be defined in terms of good mental state, including positive and negative evaluations that people make of their affect and lives. The aim of this study was to identify specific domains of wellbeing that are salient to Palestinian teachers living in three different contexts (West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Israel) and to map how components of subjective wellbeing vary between the three cohorts. METHODS: Data were gathered from interviews of teachers participating in 16 focus groups and from 36 key informants (including psychologists, counsellors, school principals, lawyers)...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Ron J Smith
BACKGROUND: Siege, a process of political domination aimed at isolating an entire population, is a unique threat to health-care provision. The aim of this study was to qualitatively examine the effects of the Israeli siege on the practices and systems that underlie health in the Gaza Strip. METHODS: Data were from participant observation between 2009 and 2017, including 20 interviews with doctors and health administrators in non-governmental organisations (NGO), government, and UN sectors...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Hanne Heszlein-Lossius, Yahya Al-Borno, Samar Shaqoura, Nashwa Skaik, Lasse Melvær Giil, Mads Gilbert
BACKGROUND: During four separate Israeli military attacks on Gaza (2006, 2009, 2012, and 2014), about 4000 Palestinians were killed and more than 17 000 injured (412 killed and 1264 injured in 2006; 1383 killed and more than 5300 injured in 2009; 130 killed and 1399 injured in 2012; and 2251 killed and 11 231 injured in 2014). An unknown number of people had traumatic amputations of one or more extremities. Use of unmanned Israeli drones for surveillance and armed attacks on Gaza was evident, but exact figures on numbers of drone strikes on Gaza are not available...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Abeer A Nasir, Razan Salah, Abla Sayyed Ahmad, Samah Abu Hijleh, Sa'eed Abu Kattab, Alia Al Kurd, Rawan Al Sharif, Raed Amro, Ahmad Khatib, Hana' Mousa, Walaa Shamasnah, Khammisa Shqerat, Rita Giacaman
BACKGROUND: Hamm is an Arabic word that is used to express suffering. Idioms of distress are communicated differently in different contexts and cultures. Understanding idioms of distress and symptoms can help in diagnosis and lead to socioculturally sensitive health care. METHODS: In this qualitative study, we did semi-structured interviews with men and women of all age groups. Questions focused on the definition, causes, and consequences of Hamm. Responses were analysed by reading and re-reading interview transcripts until themes and subthemes emerged...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Yohanan Eshel, Shaul Kimhi, Mooli Lahad, Dmitry Leykin, Marina Goroshit
The present study was conducted in the context of current concerns about replication in psychological research. It claims that risk factors should be regarded as an integral part of the definition of individual resilience, which should be defined in terms of the balance between individual strength or protective factors, and individual vulnerability or risk factors (IND-SVR). Five independent samples, including 3457 Israeli participants, were employed to determine the effects of resilience promoting and resilience suppressing variables on the IND-SVR index of resilience, and on its two components: recovery from adversity, and distress symptoms...
March 16, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Oren Schwartz, Itzik Malka, Cara H Olsen, Israel Dudkiewicz, Tarif Bader
Introduction: Integration of females in combat units poses a unique challenge for army commanders around the world. The purpose of this study is to provide a detailed up-to-date situation report regarding overuse injuries among combat female warriors in the IDF (Israeli Defense Forces) in order to enable evidence-based decision-making, prevention policy, and further research of this highly significant military public health issue. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted including 2,519 females recruited to combat duties during the year of 2013...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Oren Schwartz, Boris Kanevsky, M A J Sergey Kutikov, Cara H Olsen, Israel Dudkiewicz
Introduction: Attrition from training is associated with substantial financial and personnel loss. There is a plethora of medical literature and research of attrition rates related to initial/phase 1 training (basic combat training); however, the analysis of second phase training (commanders training, consisting of schools that qualify junior commanders and officers for infantry and non-infantry combat units) is limited. The purpose of this study is to perform a comprehensive survey regarding to medical attrition from commanders training in the IDF (Israeli Defense Forces) in order to present the commanders of the IDF a detailed situation report that will serve as an evidence-based platform for future policy planning and implementation...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Naomi Weintrob, Anita Schachter Davidov, Anat Segev Becker, Galit Israeli, Asaf Oren, Ori Eyal
OBJECTIVE: The total cortisol (TC) response may be measured during the glucagon stimulation test (GST) for growth hormone (GH) reserve in order to assess the integrity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Measurements of TC are unreliable in conditions of albumin and cortisol-binding globulin (CBG) alterations (e.g., hypoproteinemia or CBG deficiency). We aimed to measure the serum free cortisol (sFC) response to the GST in children and adolescents and determine whether it could predict the GH response to glucagon stimulation...
March 2018: Endocrine Practice
Sharone Bar-David
A recent study of patient violence toward hospital physicians and nurses offers a welcome perspective in its classifying of aggressive behaviors as workplace violence. While patients and families are widely recognized as sources of rude behaviors, we need to shed light on passive aggressive and other low-level rude behaviors that take place frequently amongst hospital personnel as well. Studied under the term "workplace incivility," these seemingly insignificant behaviors that show lack of regard for colleagues have far reaching negative consequences...
March 14, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Gadi Zerach, Yossi Levi-Belz
OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine the link between exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS). We also aim to explore the mediating roles of depressive attributions, trauma-related guilt and shame, and self-disgust in the relationship between PMIEs and PTSS among combat veterans. METHOD: A volunteers' sample of 191 Israeli combat veterans responded to self-report questionnaires in a cross-sectional design study...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Ronit Koren, Yifat Wiener, Karen Or, Carlos A Benbassat, Shlomit Koren
OBJECTIVES: To study the current practices in the management of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and thyroid nodules during pregnancy of obstetricians/gynecologists (OB/GYNs) and endocrinologists in Israel. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was sent by email to all members of the Israeli Endocrine Society and the Israel Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Questionnaires included demographic data and clinical scenarios with questions regarding the screening and management of pregnant women with SCH, hypothyroxinemia, and a palpable thyroid nodule...
March 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Harsh Deora, Manish Beniwal, Shilpa Rao, K V L N Rao, V Vikas, Sampath Somanna
Background: Actinomycosis israeli is a gram-positive non-acid-fast bacterium and is the most common causative agent of actinomycosis. It usually presents as a brain abscess via a secondary spread from the cervicofacial region or lungs. However, presentation as an en-plaque lesion with bone involvement out of proportion to brain parenchyma is rare and needs to be acknowledged. Case Description: We report a case of intracranial en-plaque lesion in a 47-year-old female with restriction of mouth opening and right third nerve palsy for 1 year...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
Sharon Israely, Gerry Leisman, Chay C Machluf, Eli Carmeli
Purpose: A muscle synergies model was suggested to represent a simplifying motor control mechanism by the brainstem and spinal cord. The aim of the study was to investigate the feasibility of such control mechanisms in the rehabilitation of post-stroke individuals during the execution of hand-reaching movements in multiple directions, compared to non-stroke individuals. Methods: Twelve non-stroke and 13 post-stroke individuals participated in the study. Muscle synergies were extracted from EMG data that was recorded during hand reaching tasks, using the NMF algorithm...
2018: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
Amihood Singer, Idit Maya, Arie Koifman, Nadra Nasser Samra, Hagit N Baris, Tzipora Falik-Zaccai, Shay Ben Shachar, Lena Sagi-Dain
INTRODUCTION: Fetal echogenic bowel is a frequent sonographic finding, demonstrated in about 1% of pregnancies. The advised evaluation of fetal echogenic bowel includes maternal serology, genetic testing for cystic fibrosis, detailed sonographic anatomic survey, and invasive prenatal testing for fetal chromosomal aberrations. The objective of our study was to evaluate the risk for clinically significant chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) findings in pregnancies with isolated echogenic bowel...
March 6, 2018: Early Human Development
Yoav Eizenberg, Ehud Grossman, David Tanne, Silvia Koton
The impact of beta-blockers (BB) treatment on stroke outcome is unclear. We used data from a prospective national stroke registry to assess the associations between use of BB and poor outcome 3 months after stroke. Using the National Acute Stroke Israeli (NASIS) registry, we identified 1126 patients with ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage with pre-stroke hypertension treatment, who were followed for 3-months. Functional outcome and mortality at 3-month were compared by use of BB, adjusting for demographics and clinical factors...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Zohar Mor, Anat Amit Aharon, Rivka Sheffer, Haim Nehama
INTRODUCTION: Israel has absorbed >40,000 Eritrean undocumented migrants since 2007, while the majority live in the southern neighborhoods of Tel-Aviv. As non-citizens and citizens infants in Israel receive free preventive treatment at the mother and child health clinics (MCHC), this study aimed to compare development and growth achievements between children of Eritrean mothers (CE) to children of Israeli mothers (CI), and assess their compliance to routine follow-up and vaccination-timeliness...
2018: PloS One
Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari, Vera Skvirsky, Eti Bar Shua, Eran Horowitz
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed at (a) gaining a better understanding of how fertility history (ART/spontaneous) is associated with life satisfaction among new fathers; and (b) identifying personal and interpersonal risk factors for lower satisfaction in life during the transition to fatherhood. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study comprised 172 Israeli fathers (76 who became fathers following ART and 96 following spontaneous pregnancy), who completed a series of self-report questionnaires 5-18 months after the birth of their first child...
September 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Galia Zacay, Fabienne Hershkowitz Sikron, Anthony David Heymann
Background: Many physicians treat themselves despite established guidelines against such practice. Aims: To examine whether general practitioners (GPs) are satisfied with their personal primary care and how this could be improved. Methods: We sent a questionnaire to GPs in Israel. We examined the gap between preference to use formal medical care and use in practice, satisfaction with physicians' primary healthcare, self-prescribing and ways to improve physician access to care...
March 5, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Saskia D M van Schaik, Ora Oudgenoeg-Paz, Osnat Atun-Einy
The present study explored cultural differences in parental beliefs about motor development across 2 Western cultures: Israel and the Netherlands. Can 2 cultural models be distinguished regarding infant motor development in Israel and the Netherlands or are parental beliefs about motor development similar across these cultures? Using a questionnaire containing closed and open questions, beliefs of 206 Israeli and 198 Dutch parents of first-born children between 2 and 7 months old were analyzed. Based on both quantitative and qualitative analyses, distinct cultural models were found showing that the Dutch attributed a bigger role to maturation and children's own pace than to stimulation...
March 5, 2018: Developmental Psychology
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