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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718302/cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-patients-with-vestibular-neuritis
#1
Yahav Oron, Shay Shemesh, Sagit Shushan, Udi Cinamon, Abraham Goldfarb, Ron Dabby, Sharon Ovnat Tamir
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) and vestibular neuritis (VN) in hospitalized adult patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary hospital setting. The medical records of patients (aged over 18 years old) who were hospitalized between the years 2005 and 2014 with the diagnosis of VN were retrieved. Inclusion criteria were: (1) acute vertigo lasting for at least 24 hours, (2) absence of auditory complaints, (3) horizontal unidirectional nystagmus present during physical examination, and (4) absence of neurological symptoms or signs...
August 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717751/second-primary-cancers-after-primary-breast-cancer-diagnosis-in-israeli-women-1992-to-2006
#2
Barbara G Silverman, Irena Lipshitz, Lital Keinan-Boker
PURPOSE: Improvements in early detection and treatment have resulted in improved long-term survival from breast cancer, which increases the likelihood of the occurrence of second primary cancers. We calculated the risk of second primary cancers among Israeli women receiving a first primary breast cancer diagnosis. METHODS: By using data from the Israel National Cancer Registry, we identified 46,090 women with invasive breast cancer diagnosed between 1990 and 2006 and non-breast primary cancers diagnosed subsequent to breast cancer diagnosis...
April 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712422/torturing-personification-of-chronic-pain-among-torture-survivors
#3
Noga Tsur, Golan Shahar, Ruth Defrin, Yael Lahav, Karni Ginzburg
BACKGROUND: Consistent with the human tendency to anthropomorphize objects, events, and situations, individuals might ascribe human characteristics to physical symptoms and illnesses. This manuscript presents an examination of chronic pain personification in torture survivors. Specifically, it was hypothesized that torture survivors personify chronic pain as a torturing sensation. It was further hypothesized that PTSD mediates the effect of past torture on torturing pain personification...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709689/psychiatric-reactions-to-continuous-traumatic-stress-a-latent-profile-analysis-of-two-israeli-samples
#4
Liat Itzhaky, Mark Gelkopf, Yafit Levin, Jacob Y Stein, Zahava Solomon
Many individuals worldwide are exposed to continuous traumatic stress (CTS). However, the psychiatric sequela of CTS and the relevance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnostic criteria in this situation have yet to be determined. Filling this gap, the present study assessed psychiatric reactions to CTS and the relationship between such reactions and functional impairment among two representative samples of adults exposed to ongoing shelling over 6 (n=387) and 9 years (n=468). Assessment included PTSD symptomatology (i...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705191/knowledge-and-understanding-of-health-insurance-challenges-and-remedies
#5
Andrew J Barnes, Yaniv Hanoch
As coverage is expanded in health systems that rely on consumers to choose health insurance plans that best meet their needs, interest in whether consumers possess sufficient understanding of health insurance to make good coverage decisions is growing. The recent IJHPR article by Green and colleagues-examining understanding of supplementary health insurance (SHI) among Israeli consumers-provides an important and timely answer to the above question. Indeed, their study addresses similar problems to the ones identified in the US health care market, with two notable findings...
July 13, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704323/time-trends-in-the-incidence-and-mortality-of-ovarian-cancer-in-ireland-northern-ireland-and-israel-1994-2013
#6
Lital Keinan-Boker, Barbara G Silverman, Paul M Walsh, Anna T Gavin, Catherine Hayes
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to compare time trends in ovarian cancer incidence and mortality in populations with (1) similar genetics but different health care systems (Ireland and Northern Ireland [NI]) and (2)different genetics but similar health care system (Israeli Jews and Arabs) and to interpret the results. METHODS: Age-standardized rates of ovarian cancer incidence and mortality for 1994-2013 in the 3 countries were obtained from national cancer registries and national statistics...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696824/age-appropriate-versus-up-to-date-coverage-of-routine-childhood-vaccinations-among-young-children-in-israel
#7
Chen Stein-Zamir, Avi Israeli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Routine childhood vaccinations schedules recommend that children receive the vaccine doses at specific ages. Vaccination coverage data are conventionally reported by the up-to-date method. We aimed to assess vaccination timeliness by the age-appropriate method and compare to the up-to-date vaccination coverage. METHODS: Assessment of age-appropriate and up-to-date vaccination coverage among children born in Israel in 2009 and followed to age 48 months (national representative sample, n = 3892)...
July 11, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695458/perceptions-of-success-in-bariatric-surgery-a-nationwide-survey-among-medical-professionals
#8
Shiri Sherf-Dagan, Lihi Schechter, Rita Lapidus, Nasser Sakran, David Goitein, Asnat Raziel
INTRODUCTION: Various definitions for bariatric surgery (BS) success exist, with weight loss and comorbidity resolution outcomes being the most prominent. The study's aim was to compare how various healthcare professionals perceive success in BS. METHODS: A 29-item, 10-point Likert scale online survey was distributed via email to Israeli healthcare professionals involved in the different BS aspects using common national professional organizations. These included bariatric surgeons, dietitians, social workers, psychologists, psychiatrists, primary care physicians, gastroenterologists, and nurses...
July 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695436/coherence-of-representations-regarding-the-child-resolution-of-the-child-s-diagnosis-and-emotional-availability-a-study-of-arab-israeli-mothers-of-children-with-asd
#9
Efrat Sher-Censor, Smadar Dolev, Marwa Said, Nagham Baransi, Kholud Amara
This study examined the interplay of mothers' coherent representations of their child (i.e., multidimensional and balanced view); resolution of the child's ASD diagnosis (i.e., acceptance); and emotional availability to the child in the unique cultural context of Arab-Israeli families. Participants were 46 mothers and their 2-8 year old sons. Coherent representations and resolution of the diagnosis were assessed using narrative measures. Emotional availability (namely, sensitivity, structuring, and lack of intrusiveness and hostility) was observed during mother-child play interactions...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692888/underlying-mechanisms-of-retained-placenta-evidence-from-a-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Shirley Greenbaum, Tamar Wainstock, Doron Dukler, Elad Leron, Offer Erez
OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors for retained placenta, and to identify supporting epidemiologic evidence for the three previously-proposed mechanisms: (i) invasive placentation, (ii) placental hypo-perfusion, and (iii) inadequate uterine contractility. DESIGN: A retrospective population-based cohort study. SETTING AND POPULATION: Israeli population in the southern district. METHODS: Data were analyzed from a tertiary hospital database, between 1989 and 2014, using univariate tests and generalized estimating equation (GEE) multivariable models...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689089/a-qualitative-study-of-barriers-and-facilitators-in-treating-drug-use-among-israeli-mothers-an-intersectional-perspective
#11
Keren Gueta
RATIONALE: Despite the benefits and availability of drug treatment in Western countries, research has shown low utilisation rates, especially by mothers. Studies have indicated internal barriers (e.g., shame) and external/structural barriers (e.g., poverty) to women's utilisation of drug treatment, but little is known about the interrelated axes of marginalization that create such barriers and, even less, facilitators of treatment. A promising avenue for examining this path may be the theoretical perspective of intersectionality, which has often been used to illustrate how women's experiences are shaped by gender in conjunction with other factors, including class, age, and race...
June 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688175/discrimination-between-closely-related-synthetic-cannabinoids-by-gc-cold-ei-ms
#12
Evgeny Smolianitski-Fabian, Etia Cohen, Marina Dronova, Anna Voloshenko-Rossin, Ovadia Lev
Gas chromatography thermal-electron ionization mass spectrometry (GC-EI-MS) is an established method for the identification of mind-altering substances and is routinely used by forensic laboratories. However, some commonly analyzed drugs of abuse, relating to the synthetic cannabinoids receptor agonist group (SCs), pose a challenge for this conventional technique. As the molecular cation radicals of many excited SCs are labile within the ion source, the relative abundance of the molecular ions obtained by the GC-EI-MS is often too small to allow discrimination of structurally related drugs...
July 8, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683571/the-palestinian-israeli-conflict-a-disease-for-which-root-causes-must-be-acknowledged-and-treated
#13
Izzeldin Abuelaish, Neil Arya
Fourth of June 2017 marks a half century of the Six Day War, three decades post the first Intifada, seven decades post the Palestinian Nakba (catastrophe), the 70th anniversary of Israeli Independence, and one century post the Balfour Declaration. Both Palestinians and Israelis remain occupied. Five million Palestinians remain sick with hopelessness and despair rendered by years of subjugation. Israelis are stuck, occupied by their historical narrative and transcendental fears. Over two decades have passed since the Oslo accords, which both Israelis and Palestinians hoped might be a historic turning point...
July 7, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681719/an-outbreak-of-dengue-virus-denv-type-2-cosmopolitan-genotype-in-israeli-travellers-returning-from-the-seychelles-april-2017
#14
Yaniv Lustig, Dana Wolf, Ora Halutz, Eli Schwartz
Dengue virus infection was diagnosed in six Israeli travellers returning from the Seychelles in April 2017. Phylogenetic analysis identified identical sequences belonging to the Cosmopolitan genotype of dengue virus type 2 in all samples sequenced, thus providing evidence for a probable dengue type 2 outbreak in the Seychelles. This report further demonstrates the role of travellers as sentinels for arboviral infections, especially in countries with limited diagnostic capabilities.
June 29, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680021/potential-of-lipoproteins-as-biomarkers-in-acute-myocardial-infarction
#15
Haseeb Ahmad Khan, Aishah Ekhzaimy, Isra Khan, Meena Kishore Sakharkar
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI), commonly known as heart attack, is a medical emergency that is potentially fatal if not promptly and properly managed. The early diagnosis of AMI is critically important for the timely institution of pharmacotherapy to prevent myocardial damage and preserve cardiac function. Ischemic insults during AMI cause myocardial tissue damage, releasing the cardiac muscle protein troponin T into the blood stream. Therefore, serum troponin T levels are used as a sensitive and specific indicator of myocardial injury for diagnosing AMI...
July 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676439/the-effect-of-stress-fracture-interventions-in-a-single-elite-infantry-training-unit-1983-2015
#16
Charles Milgrom, Aharon S Finestone
Stress fractures can be seen as an undesired byproduct of demanding physical training. The threshold value of stress that places an individual bone at high risk for stress fracture has not been identified. In a prospective study of stress fractures in 1983, a 31% incidence was found during demanding Israeli infantry basic training by bone scan criteria. Within a subgroup of these recruits, an elite infantry unit was found to have a 40% incidence. Since then and until 2015, eight additional induction companies of the same elite infantry unit were prospectively monitored for stress fractures during their basic training...
July 1, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674863/complete-genome-analysis-of-highly-pathogenic-bovine-ephemeral-fever-virus-isolated-in-turkey-in-2012
#17
Hasan Abayli, Sukru Tonbak, Ahmet Kursat Azkur, Hakan Bulut
Relatively high prevalence and mortality rates of bovine ephemeral fever (BEF) have been reported in recent epidemics in some countries, including Turkey, when compared with previous outbreaks. A limited number of complete genome sequences of BEF virus (BEFV) are available in the GenBank Database. In this study, the complete genome of highly pathogenic BEFV isolated during an outbreak in Turkey in 2012 was analyzed for genetic characterization. The complete genome of the Turkish BEFV isolate was amplified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and sequenced...
July 3, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670122/burnout-and-compassion-fatigue-prevalence-and-associations-among-israeli-burn-clinicians
#18
Josef Haik, Stav Brown, Alon Liran, Denis Visentin, Amit Sokolov, Isaac Zilinsky, Rachel Kornhaber
Acute health care environments can be stressful settings with clinicians experiencing deleterious effects of burnout and compassion fatigue affecting their mental health. Subsequently, the quality of patient care and outcomes may be threatened if clinicians experience burnout or compassion fatigue. Therefore, the aim of this descriptive, cross-sectional study was to evaluate the prevalence of burnout and compassion fatigue among burn clinicians in Israel. Fifty-five clinicians from Burns, Plastics and Reconstruction Surgery and Intensive Care completed four validated surveys to assess burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory), depression (PRIME-MD), health-related quality of life (SF-8), and compassion fatigue (Professional Quality of Life version 5)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666472/policy-entrepreneurship-in-the-reform-of-pediatric-dentistry
#19
Burton L Edelstein, William R Maas
In a recently published IJHPR article, Cohen and Horev ask whether an individual who holds rightful governmental power is able to effectively "challenge the equilibrium" in ways that might "clash with the goals" of an influential group". This question is raised within the context of a shift in governmental policy that imposed the potential for cost management by HMOs acting as financial intermediaries for pediatric dental care in an effort to provide Israeli children better access to affordable dental care...
June 30, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662685/policy-entrepreneurship-and-policy-networks-in-healthcare-systems-the-case-of-israel-s-pediatric-dentistry-reform
#20
Nissim Cohen, Tuvia Horev
BACKGROUND: Can the entry of a policy entrepreneur challenge the equilibrium of a policy network and promote changes that might clash with the goals of powerful civil-servants and/or interest groups and, if so, why and how? Our goal is to examine two sides of the same coin: how does an in-depth analysis of Israel's dental care reform enrich our understanding of policy networks and policy entrepreneurship? Second, how does the literature on policy networks and policy entrepreneurship help us understand this reform? Based on a theoretical framework that appears in the literature of policy entrepreneurship and policy networks, we analyze the motivations, goals and strategies of the main actors involved in the process of reforming pediatric dental care in Israel...
April 21, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
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