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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785214/etiological-trends-and-patterns-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-respiratory-infections
#1
Salma M Al-Zain Ahmed, Sara S Abdelrahman, Doua M Saad, Isra S Osman, Modasir G Osman, Eltahir A G Khalil
Background: Respiratory infections are one of the commonest causes of morbidity and mortality related to infectious diseases worldwide. The emergence of antimicrobial resistance is a major global health problem which is well established in developing countries. Good clinical suspicion and correct laboratory identification of respiratory infection causing organisms followed by the appropriate management are needed to compact both community-acquired and nosocomial infection respiratory infections...
2018: Open Microbiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782893/quantity-based-analysis-of-household-food-consumption-patterns-and-drivers-the-case-of-israel
#2
Yuval Damari, Meidad Kissinger
The interest in better understanding the characteristics and drivers of food consumption by individuals and social groups has grown in recent years, because of various social, environmental, health and economic issues. Most analyses have focused either on the macro or national scale, using food balance/disappearance data, or on the micro scale, focusing on nutrition analysis in limited groups of individual consumers. While various household characteristics are expected to influence food-purchasing habits, the scope and methodology of most previous studies limited their ability to relate to multiple factors, and integrate all into specific consumption patterns...
May 18, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776836/analysis-of-incidence-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-blunt-trauma-patients-with-glasgow-coma-scale-of-12-or-less
#3
Alexander Becker, Kobi Peleg, Oded Olsha, Adi Givon, Boris Kessel
PURPOSE: Early diagnosis of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is important for improving survival and neurologic outcome in trauma victims. The purpose of this study was to assess whether Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 12 or less can predict the presence of TBI and the severity of associated injuries in blunt trauma patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including 303,435 blunt trauma patients who were transferred from the scene to hospital from 1998 to 2013. The data was obtained from the records of the National Trauma Registry maintained by Israel's National Center for Trauma and Emergency Medicine Research, in the Gertner Institute for Epidemiology and Health Policy Research...
April 16, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773355/pain-assessment-and-management-by-nurses-in-a-geriatric-setting-discrepancies-between-guidelines-and-documented-practice
#4
Irit Shahar, Gad Mendelson, Shlomit Gerbi, Merav Ben Natan
Pain is a common subjective symptom among older adults in general and among older adult residents in long-term geriatric facilities in particular. Pain diminishes older adults' quality of life and may impair their ability to recover from various illnesses. Therefore, the Israeli Ministry of Health has issued guidelines on effectively assessing and treating pain in this population. To examine discrepancies between the Ministry of Health's pain assessment guidelines and documented practice by nursing staff at a long-term geriatric care facility and whether these discrepancies correlate to characteristics of the nurses, the wards, and the patients' characteristics...
May 14, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770507/flatlands-in-the-holy-land-the-evolution-of-layered-materials-research-in-israel
#5
REVIEW
Oded Hod, Michael Urbakh, Doron Naveh, Maya Bar-Sadan, Ariel Ismach
The experimental identification of fullerenes in 1985, carbon nanotubes in 1991, inorganic nanotubes in 1992, and graphene in 2004 are cornerstone events that have marked the beginning of the layered nanostructures era of materials science. Nowadays, the synthesis of such low-dimensional systems is a routine practice allowing the controlled fabrication of 0-, 1-, and 2D layered structures of diverse chemical compositions. These systems possess unique physical properties that stem from their structural anisotropy characterized by strong intralayer covalent bonding and weaker interlayer dispersive interactions...
May 16, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768027/professional-burnout-and-work-stress-among-israeli-dental-assistants
#6
Nir Uziel, Joseph Meyerson, Yonatan Birenzweig, Ilana Eli
Professional burnout and work-related stress are known problems that have been the subject of in-depth examination among dentists. Nevertheless, these issues have not been widely studied among dental assistants. The aims of this study were threefold: to confirm the structure of a Work Stress Inventory (WSI) for Dental Assistants which was originally developed for Jordanian dental assistants (factor analysis); to evaluate work stress and burnout among Israeli dental assistants and to discover the factors predicting Israeli assistants' burnout (regression analyses)...
May 16, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765436/anti-thyroid-antibodies-parietal-cell-antibodies-and-tissue-transglutaminase-antibodies-in-patients-with-autoimmune-thyroid-disease
#7
Orit Twito, Yonatan Shapiro, Aviva Golan-Cohen, Yoav Dickstein, Rosane Ness-Abramof, Menachem Shapiro
Introduction: The co-existence of tissue-specific autoantibodies in autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD) is well established. The published prevalence of anti-parietal cell antibodies (PC-Ab) is 20-25%, and that of celiac antibodies is 2-5%. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of PC-Ab and anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (tTG-Ab) in patients with ATD and to evaluate the correlation between anti-thyroid antibodies and the other antibodies. Material and methods: The files of 120 Israeli Jews and Arabs with ATD were evaluated for anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (Tg-Ab), anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab), PC-Ab and tTG-Ab...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764233/the-value-of-a-registry-negative-urine-pregnancy-test-for-the-prediction-of-a-future-unintended-pregnancy-among-young-women
#8
Misgav Rottenstreich, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, Amihai Rottenstreich
BACKGROUND: Performance of urine pregnancy test in general adolescents' clinic reflects caregiver or woman's concern that there might be a pregnancy. We aimed to assess whether young-unmarried women in whom a negative urine pregnancy test was registered would be at increased risk of a future unintended pregnancy. METHODS: The study cohort included consecutive women drafted by the Israeli military between 2013 and 2015. The risk of unintended pregnancy was compared between women with a negative urine pregnancy test (n = 2774), the study group, and those in whom urine pregnancy test was not carried out (n = 126,659), the control group...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761674/screening-arab-israeli-pregnant-women-for-group-b-streptococcus-by-the-amplivue-gbs-assay-are-the-rates-higher-than-the-national-average
#9
Marwan Hakim, Adel Jabour, Miriam Anton, Meggie Hakim, Sahar Kheirallah
BACKGROUND: The recommendation of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention regarding universal screening for Group B Streptococcus (GBS) at 35-37 weeks gestational age in pregnancy is not accepted in Israel. The National Council for Obstetrics, Neonatology and Genetics recommends intrapartum prophylaxis, mainly based on risk factors, to prevent early neonatal GBS infection. This policy is based on past studies demonstrating low colonization rates of the bacteria in Israeli pregnant women and very low neonatal sepsis rates...
May 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761670/arrhythmic-events-in-brugada-syndrome-a-nationwide-israeli-survey-of-the-clinical-characteristics-treatment-and-long-term-follow-up-israbru-vf
#10
Eran Leshem, Michael Rahkovich, Anna Mazo, Mahmoud Suleiman, Miri Blich, Avishag Laish-Farkash, Yuval Konstantino, Rami Fogelman, Boris Strasberg, Michael Geist, Israel Chetboun, Moshe Swissa, Michael Ilan, Aharon Glick, Yoav Michowitz, Raphael Rosso, Michael Glikson, Bernard Belhassen
BACKGROUND: Limited information exists about detailed clinical characteristics and management of the small subset of Brugada syndrome (BrS) patients who had an arrhythmic event (AE). OBJECTIVES: To conduct the first nationwide survey focused on BrS patients with documented AE. METHODS: Israeli electrophysiology units participated if they had treated BrS patients who had cardiac arrest (CA) (lethal/aborted; group 1) or experienced appropriate therapy for tachyarrhythmias after prophylactic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation (group 2)...
May 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759077/regulating-pharmaceutical-companies-financial-largesse
#11
REVIEW
Ronen Avraham, Charles Silver
Nissanholtz-Gannot and Yenkellevich (NGY) explore the impact of a 2010 amendment to the Israeli National Health Insurance Law that requires annual reporting of payments from pharmaceutical companies (PCs) to doctors and healthcare organizations. The amendment was adopted to ensure transparency and to facilitate appropriate regulation of interest conflicts. To learn whether the amendment was having the desired effects, NGY interviewed multiple representatives of an assortment of stakeholders. They found broad agreement among the respondents that financial relationships between PCs and physicians should be transparent...
May 14, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754027/urinary-concentrations-of-phthalate-metabolites-bisphenols-and-personal-care-product-chemical-biomarkers-in-pregnant-women-in-israel
#12
Ronit Machtinger, Tamar Berman, Michal Adir, Abdallah Mansur, Andrea A Baccarelli, Catherine Racowsky, Antonia M Calafat, Russ Hauser, Ravit Nahum
Mounting evidence suggests possible adverse effects of intrauterine exposure to certain phenols and phthalates, two classes of endocrine disruptor chemicals, on the developing fetus, with consequences into later life. These findings have contributed to the replacement of some chemicals, such as di‑2‑ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) and bisphenol A (BPA), in consumer products. For the current study we quantified urinary concentrations of biomarkers of exposure among 50 pregnant women in Israel to several phthalates, bisphenols and personal care product chemicals, as well as DEHP and BPA alternatives...
May 10, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750650/exertional-rhabdomyolysis-in-carbonic-anhydrase-12-deficiency
#13
Dekel Avital, Eli Hershkovitz, Neta Loewenthal
BACKGROUND: Carbonic anhydrase 12 (CA12) deficiency, a newly recognized rare disorder, has been described among Israeli Bedouin kindred as an autosomal recessive form of isolated salt wasting in sweat, which leads to severe infantile hyponatremic dehydration, visible salt precipitation after sweating, poor feeding and slow weight gain in infancy. CASE PRESENTATION: We present two adolescents diagnosed with CA12 deficiency who developed severe rhabdomyolysis as a result of physical activity in a hot climate...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746363/lower-extremity-fractures-in-hospitalized-pediatric-patients-following-road-traffic-accidents
#14
Shay Tenenbaum, Jason T Bariteau, Ofir Chechik, Adi Givon, Kobi Peleg, Ran Thein
Lower extremity fractures (LEFs) caused by road traffic accidents (RTAs) can result in significant morbidity and account for a substantial part of nonfatal injuries requiring hospitalization. This study investigated the epidemiology of RTA-associated LEFs in the pediatric population. Based on the National Trauma Registry, data of 28,924 RTA hospitalized pediatric patients were reviewed. Data were analyzed according to LEF mechanism of injury, age distribution, fracture types, associated injuries, surgical treatment, and their interrelations...
May 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744856/risk-factors-associated-with-gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-gep-net-in-a-cohort-of-2-3-million-israeli-adolescents
#15
L H Katz, Z Levi, G Twig, J D Kark, A Leiba, E Derazne, I Liphshiz, L K Boker, S Eisenstein, A Afek
We investigated whether obesity and socio-demographic factors at adolescence are associated with incident gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NET).Our cohort included 2.3 million Israeli adolescents examined at ages 16 to 19 years between 1967 and 2010. The baseline database included sex, country of birth, residential socio-economic status (SES), body-mass index (BMI) and height. Participants were followed through linkage with the National Cancer Registry up to 2012. We identified 221 cases of GEP-NET (66 pancreatic, 52 gastric, 39 rectal, 27 appendiceal, 23 small bowel and 14 colonic)...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743092/the-association-between-caries-related-treatment-needs-and-socio-demographic-variables-among-young-israeli-adults-a-record-based-cross-sectional-study
#16
Dan Henry Levy, Alon Livny, Harold Sgan-Cohen, Nirit Yavnai
BACKGROUD: The need for dental treatments, especially those related to dental caries, may be associated with and influenced by a wide range of demographic variables. The aim of this study was to describe caries related treatment needs among young Israeli adults and the association with several socio-demographic factors, including socio-economic cluster (SEC), intellectual capabilities, ethnicity and other variables. METHODS: Data were collected from dental records of army recruits between 2012 and 2013...
May 9, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742279/ethnicity-related-trends-in-gynecologic-malignancies-in-israel-1993-2013
#17
Nadav Michaan, Limor Gortzak-Uzan, Dan Grisario, Ido Laskov
OBJECTIVE: To describe trends and ethnic differences in incidence of gynecologic cancer in Israel. METHODS: In the present retrospective epidemiologic study, age-standardized rates (ASRs) rates of gynecologic malignancies that occurred between January 1, 1993, and December 31, 2013, were extracted from the Israeli National Cancer Registry. The annual percent change (APC) was calculated separately for Jewish and Arab patients for ovarian, endometrial, and cervical cancers...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740194/opinions-of-israeli-neonatologists-about-life-and-death-decisions-in-neonates
#18
Moshe Y Kasirer, Francis B Mimouni, Alona Bin-Nun, Michael S Schimmel
BACKGROUND: In 2005, the Israeli parliament passed the "law of dying patients" legalizing life and death decisions (do not resuscitate) in patients with life expectancy less than 6 months. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ethnic and religious backgrounds (both religion and religiosity) influence neonatologists' attitudes in simulated clinical situations and opinions about the new law. DESIGN/METHODS: Prospective design, using standard questionnaire sent to all 155 board-certified practising Israeli Neonatologists...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735341/postoperative-pain-management-among-native-and-non-native-israeli-citizens-data-from-the-european-pain-out-registry
#19
Silviu Brill, Haggai Sharon, Anat Yafe, Shoshana Hazan, Lior Dayan
PURPOSE: It has been widely reported that minority groups receive inferior emergency pain management. We aimed to determine whether this is true in the postoperative setting, as effective postoperative analgesia is an essential component of high quality medical care. DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study of paired 248 postsurgical Israeli patients. METHODS: Data were gathered from the European Union's "PAIN-OUT" registry. Quality of care measures, composite pain score, composite side effect score, and composite emotional score were analyzed...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732552/the-out-group-homogeneity-effect-across-development-a-cross-cultural-investigation
#20
Reut Shilo, Anika Weinsdörfer, Hannes Rakoczy, Gil Diesendruck
The present studies investigated the out-group homogeneity effect in 5- and 8-year-old Israeli and German children (n = 150) and adults (n = 96). Participants were asked to infer whether a given property (either biological or psychological) was true of an entire group-either the participants' in-group ("Jews" or "Germans") or their out-group ("Arabs" or "Turks"). To that end, participants had to select either a homogenous or a heterogeneous sample of group members...
May 7, 2018: Child Development
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