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child psychopathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781886/axis-ii-personality-disorders-are-linked-to-an-adverse-course-of-bipolar-disorder
#1
Robert M Post, Susan McElroy, Ralph Kupka, Trisha Suppes, Gerhard Hellemann, Willem Nolen, Mark Frye, Paul Keck, Heinz Grunze, Michael Rowe
The relationship of personality disorder (PD) psychopathology to the course of bipolar disorder remains inadequately described. After giving informed consent, more than 782 outpatients with bipolar disorder rated themselves on the 99-item Personality Disorder Questionnaire, Version 4 (PDQ4) when depressed or euthymic. They also rated six poor prognosis factors (PPFs). The relationships of the PPFs to the total PDQ4 score were examined by a linear regression. Even after correcting for the higher PDQ4 scores observed when patients were suffering depression, the PDQ4 was significantly related to a history of child abuse, early age of onset, an anxiety disorder comorbidity, rapid cycling, and 20 or more previous episodes, but not substance abuse...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781529/attachment-based-interventions-for-families-with-young-children
#2
REVIEW
Susan S Woodhouse
Given a large body of research indicating links between child attachment and later mental health outcomes, interventions that promote children's secure attachment to their caregivers have the potential to contribute to prevention of psychopathology and promotion of well-being. A number of attachment-based interventions have been developed to support parents, enhance caregiving quality, and promote children's attachment security with the aim of improving children's mental health. There is now a growing evidence base to support the efficacy of a number of these interventions...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776708/predictors-of-treatment-outcome-for-the-unified-protocol-for-transdiagnostic-treatment-of-emotional-disorders-in-children-up-c
#3
Sarah M Kennedy, Niza A Tonarely, Jamie A Sherman, Jill Ehrenreich-May
Various efficacious treatment packages exist for youth anxiety, and cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is now considered to be a well-established treatment for child anxiety disorders (Higa-McMillan, Francis, Rith-Najarian, & Chorpita, 2016). Improving outcomes for the significant proportion of anxious youth who demonstrate inadequate response to CBT is imperative, but our understanding of who does and does not benefit is incomplete. Further, there are no known empirical studies of predictors of treatment response for youth who receive a transdiagnostic intervention for anxiety or depression, and it is therefore unclear whether predictors of response to a transdiagnostic treatment for children are similar to those found in previous studies of anxiety-specific treatments...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771555/the-quality-of-assessments-for-childhood-psychopathology-within-a-regional-medical-center
#4
Adam F Sattler, Jarrod M Leffler, Nicole L Harrison, Ewa D Bieber, Joseph J Kosmach, Leslie A Sim, Stephen P H Whiteside
Accurate assessment is essential to implementing effective mental health treatment; however, little research has explored child clinicians' assessment practices in applied settings. The current study thus examines practitioners' use of evidence-based assessment (EBA) instruments (i.e., self-report measures and structured interviews), specificity of identified diagnoses (i.e., use of specific diagnostic labels vs. nonstandardized labels, not otherwise specified [NOS] diagnoses, and adjustment disorder diagnoses), and documentation of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed...
May 17, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755295/patterns-of-emotional-availability-between-mothers-and-young-children-associations-with-risk-factors-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#5
Rebecca D Trupe, Jenny Macfie, Rebecca M Skadberg, Gretchen Kurdziel
Emotional availability (EA) characterizes a warm, close relationship between caregiver and child. We compared patterns (clusters) of EA on risk factors, including those for borderline personality disorder (BPD). We sampled 70 children aged 4 to 7 years from low-socioeconomic backgrounds, 51% of whose mothers had BPD. We coded filmed interactions for EA: mothers' sensitivity, structuring, non-intrusiveness, non-hostility, and children's responsiveness to, and involvement of, mothers. We additionally coded children's over -responsiveness and over -involvement...
January 2018: Infant and Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755251/associations-between-psychopathology-in-mothers-fathers-and-their-children-a-structural-modeling-approach
#6
D Weijers, F J A van Steensel, S M Bögels
This study investigated associations between parental and child psychopathology with parenting stress as a possible mediator, in order to get more insight in mothers' and fathers' roles in the development of psychopathology in children. Parents of 272 clinically referred (aged 6-20, 66% boys) reported about their own and their child's behavioral problems, and about parenting stress. Data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling. Outcomes of path models demonstrated that mothers' higher internalizing and externalizing problems were associated with respectively children's higher internalizing and externalizing problems...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730941/emotional-reactivity-to-daily-events-in-youth-with-anxiety-disorders
#7
Joanna Herres, Nicole E Caporino, Colleen M Cummings, Philip C Kendall
BACKGROUND: Although research supports associations between anxiety and emotional reactivity in adults (Cisler, J. M., Olatunji, B. O., Feldner, M. T., & Forsyth, J. P. (2010). Emotion regulation and the anxiety disorders: an integrative review. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32(1), 68-82.), few studies have examined emotional reactivity in anxious youth (e.g., Carthy et al., 2010; Tan, P. Z., Forbes, E. E., Dahl, R. E., Ryan, N. D., Siegle, G. J...
May 7, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728981/quality-of-life-and-satisfaction-with-inpatient-treatment-in-adolescents-with-psychiatric-disorders-a-comparison-between-patients-parents-and-caregivers-self-assessments-at-admission-and-discharge
#8
Petra Katzenschläger, Rainer Fliedl, Christian Popow, Michael Kundi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare results of patients', parents', and caregivers' (nursing staff and educators) (self-)assessments of quality of life, treatment outcomes, and satisfaction with inpatient treatment in a child and adolescent psychiatric hospital. In addition, the investigation included a comparison between admission and discharge of the three investigated groups. METHODS: The study considered adolescents at the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Hinterbruehl, along with their parents and caregivers...
May 4, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728890/the-associations-between-callous-unemotional-traits-and-symptoms-of-conduct-problems-hyperactivity-and-emotional-problems-a-study-of-adolescent-twins-screened-for-neurodevelopmental-problems
#9
Marie Claire Saunders, Henrik Anckarsäter, Sebastian Lundström, Clara Hellner, Paul Lichtenstein, Nathalie M G Fontaine
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits (e.g., lack of empathy, lack of guilt, shallow affect) are associated with severe and persistent conduct problems in youth. There is evidence showing a substantial genetic correlation between CU traits and conduct problems. The etiological associations between CU traits and other psychopathological symptoms, including symptoms of hyperactivity and emotional problems (such as anxiety and depression symptoms), have been less explored. To examine the etiological associations between CU traits and symptoms of conduct problems, hyperactivity and emotional problems separately through the use of a twin design...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725700/profiles-of-childhood-trauma-and-psychopathology-us-national-epidemiologic-survey
#10
Emma Curran, Gary Adamson, Michael Rosato, Paul De Cock, Gerard Leavey
PURPOSE: Childhood trauma may increase vulnerability to numerous specific psychiatric disorders, or a generalised liability to experience dimensions of internalising or externalising psychopathology. We use a nationally representative sample (N = 34,653) to examine the long-term consequences of childhood trauma and their combined effect as predictors of subsequent psychopathology. METHODS: Data from the US National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions were used...
May 3, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718718/the-family-life-impairment-scale-factor-structure-and-clinical-utility-with-young-children
#11
Nicholas D Mian, Timothy W Soto, Margaret J Briggs-Gowan, Alice S Carter
Although it is well-established that young children experience significant psychopathology, diagnostic decisions continue to be challenging, in part due to the way impairment is understood, defined, and measured. Most existing clinical tools assess impairment in an individualized manner, whereas for many young children, impairment is more accurately conceptualized as a family-oriented, multidimensional construct, impacting various parental and family activities. Two studies were completed using the Family Life Impairment Scale (FLIS), a multidimensional parent-report measure of family and associated impairment designed for young children...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699524/epidemiological-study-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-disorders-in-lithuania
#12
Sigita Lesinskiene, Sigita Girdzijauskiene, Grazina Gintiliene, Dovile Butkiene, Dainius Puras, Robert Goodman, Einar Heiervang
BACKGROUND: From the public health perspective, epidemiological data of child mental health and psychosocial correlates were necessary and very lacking in Lithuanian society that has been undergoing rapid socio-economic change since the past decades. Together with determining the prevalence rates of disorders and assessing the needs for the services, this study has also shifted attention from the highly selective samples of children attending children and adolescent mental health services towards less severe cases of psychopathology as well as different attitudes of parents and teachers...
April 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699470/stressful-life-events-and-depressive-symptomatology-among-basque-adolescents-the-mediating-role-of-attachment-representations
#13
Jone Aliri, Alexander Muela, Arantxa Gorostiaga, Nekane Balluerka, Aitor Aritzeta, Goretti Soroa
The occurrence of stressful life events is a risk factor for psychopathology in adolescence. Depression is a problem of notable clinical importance that has a negative psychosocial impact on adolescents and which has considerable social, educational, and economic costs. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between stressful life events and depressive symptomatology in adolescence, taking into account the effect that attachment representations may have on this relation. Participants were 1653 adolescents (951 girls) aged between 13 and 18 years...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694369/wearable-sensors-detect-childhood-internalizing-disorders-during-mood-induction-task
#14
Ellen W McGinnis, Ryan S McGinnis, Jessica Hruschak, Emily Bilek, Ka Ip, Diana Morlen, Jamie Lawler, Nestor L Lopez-Duran, Kate Fitzgerald, Katherine L Rosenblum, Maria Muzik
There is a significant need to develop objective measures for identifying children under the age of 8 who have anxiety and depression. If left untreated, early internalizing symptoms can lead to adolescent and adult internalizing disorders as well as comorbidity which can yield significant health problems later in life including increased risk for suicide. To this end, we propose the use of an instrumented fear induction task for identifying children with internalizing disorders, and demonstrate its efficacy in a sample of 63 children between the ages of 3 and 7...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687457/a-randomized-waitlist-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-to-improve-emotion-regulation-in-children-with-autism
#15
Jonathan A Weiss, Kendra Thomson, Priscilla Burnham Riosa, Carly Albaum, Victoria Chan, Andrea Maughan, Paula Tablon, Karen Black
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are common among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and difficulties with emotion regulation processes may underlie these issues. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is considered an efficacious treatment for anxiety in children with ASD. Additional research is needed to examine the efficacy of a transdiagnostic treatment approach, whereby the same treatment can be applied to multiple emotional problems, beyond solely anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to examine the efficacy of a manualized and individually delivered 10-session, transdiagnostic CBT intervention, aimed at improving emotion regulation and mental health difficulties in children with ASD...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681251/behavior-problems-in-sexually-abused-preschoolers-over-a-1-year-period-the-mediating-role-of-attachment-representations
#16
Florence Charest, Martine Hébert, Annie Bernier, Rachel Langevin, Raphaële Miljkovitch
According to the developmental psychopathology framework, adverse childhood experiences, including child sexual abuse (CSA), may alter the course of normal development in children. Attachment security has been identified as a protective factor against psychopathology and may thus play a critical role in predicting victims' adaptation. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the mediating effect of attachment representations in the relation between CSA and behavior problems over a 1-year period...
April 23, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675767/high-risk-for-severe-emotional-dysregulation-in-psychiatrically-referred-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-controlled-study
#17
Gagan Joshi, Janet Wozniak, Maura Fitzgerald, Stephen Faraone, Ronna Fried, Maribel Galdo, Stephannie L Furtak, Kristina Conroy, J Ryan Kilcullen, Abigail Belser, Joseph Biederman
To assess prevalence and severity of emotional dysregulation (ED) in psychiatrically referred youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). ASD youth (N = 123) were compared to youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and controls. The majority of psychiatrically referred youth with ASD had positive Child Behavior Checklist-ED (CBCL-ED) profile that was significantly higher than in youth with ADHD (82 vs. 53%; p < 0.001). The severe emotional dysregulation (SED) profile was significantly greater in ASD youth than ADHD (44 vs...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674290/the-impact-of-patterns-of-trauma-exposure-among-low-income-children-with-and-without-histories-of-child-maltreatment
#18
Abigail L Rosen, Elizabeth D Handley, Dante Cicchetti, Fred A Rogosch
Previous research has revealed a large prevalence of trauma experienced by children, creating high risk for the development of psychopathology. Research investigating the negative impacts of child maltreatment and other traumas has typically examined these experiences individually, controlling for co-occurring traumas, or has combined these experiences into a general variable of risk, thereby obscuring the complex relationships among environmental traumas and maltreatment. The current study expands on previous research by elucidating relationships between multiple contexts of overlapping traumas and maltreatment experienced by children, and by categorizing how these experiences join together to impact internalizing and externalizing symptomatology...
April 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661490/amygdala-volume-mediates-the-relationship-between-externalizing-symptoms-and-daily-smoking-in-adolescence-a-prospective-study
#19
Ali Cheetham, Nicholas B Allen, Sarah Whittle, Julian Simmons, Murat Yücel, Dan I Lubman
The current study examined amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) volumes as mediators of the relationship between externalizing symptoms and daily smoking in adolescence. Externalizing behaviors are among the most robust predictors of adolescent smoking, and there is emerging evidence that volume reductions in the amygdala and OFC are associated with risk for substance misuse as well as aggressive, impulsive, and disinhibited tendencies. Using a prospective longitudinal design, we recruited 109 adolescents who provided data on brain volume and externalizing behaviors at age 12, and on smoking at age 18...
March 9, 2018: Psychiatry research. Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644474/risk-factors-for-parental-psychopathology-a-study-in-families-with-children-or-adolescents-with-psychopathology
#20
L W Wesseldijk, G C Dieleman, F J A van Steensel, M Bartels, J J Hudziak, R J L Lindauer, S M Bögels, C M Middeldorp
The parents of children with psychopathology are at increased risk for psychiatric symptoms. To investigate which parents are mostly at risk, we assessed in a clinical sample of families with children with psychopathology, whether parental symptom scores can be predicted by offspring psychiatric diagnoses and other child, parent and family characteristics. Parental depressive, anxiety, avoidant personality, attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD), and antisocial personality symptoms were measured with the Adult Self Report in 1805 mothers and 1361 fathers of 1866 children with a psychiatric diagnosis as assessed in a child and adolescent psychiatric outpatient clinic...
April 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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