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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914249/fewer-self-reported-depressive-symptoms-in-young-adults-exposed-to-maternal-depressed-mood-during-pregnancy
#1
Katrin Zohsel, Nathalie E Holz, Erika Hohm, Martin H Schmidt, Günter Esser, Daniel Brandeis, Tobias Banaschewski, Manfred Laucht
BACKGROUND: Depressed mood is prevalent during pregnancy, with accumulating evidence suggesting an impact on developmental outcome in the offspring. However, the long-term effects of prenatal maternal depression regarding internalizing psychopathology in the offspring are as yet unclear. METHODS: As part of an ongoing epidemiological cohort study, prenatal maternal depressed mood was assessed at the child's age of 3 months. In a sample of n=307 offspring, depressive symptoms were obtained via questionnaire at the ages of 19, 22, 23 and 25 years...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902832/association-of-irritability-and-anxiety-with-the-neural-mechanisms-of-implicit-face-emotion-processing-in-youths-with-psychopathology
#2
Joel Stoddard, Wan-Ling Tseng, Pilyoung Kim, Gang Chen, Jennifer Yi, Laura Donahue, Melissa A Brotman, Kenneth E Towbin, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft
Importance: Psychiatric comorbidity complicates clinical care and confounds efforts to elucidate the pathophysiology of commonly occurring symptoms in youths. To our knowledge, few studies have simultaneously assessed the effect of 2 continuously distributed traits on brain-behavior relationships in children with psychopathology. Objective: To determine shared and unique effects of 2 major dimensions of child psychopathology, irritability and anxiety, on neural responses to facial emotions during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
November 30, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884535/-developmental-approach-of-executive-functions-from-infancy-to-adolescence
#3
P Fourneret, V des Portes
Given the importance of the relationship between executive function (EF) and many aspects of child development - including the development of reasoning, emotion regulation, school performance, and wider self-regulation itself - research on the development of EF from infancy to the end of adolescence has become one of the scientific priorities of the last decade. Improving our knowledge on the maturative trajectory of EF and the functional weight of different internal and environmental factors, supposed to optimize their efficiency, can only promote a better understanding of EF and its role in the normal development of the child as well as of those at risk of poor outcome either because of neurodevelopmental disorders or psychopathological disorders...
November 21, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881106/a-pragmatic-randomised-multi-centre-trial-of-multifamily-and-single-family-therapy-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#4
Ivan Eisler, Mima Simic, John Hodsoll, Eia Asen, Mark Berelowitz, Frances Connan, Gladys Ellis, Pippa Hugo, Ulrike Schmidt, Janet Treasure, Irene Yi, Sabine Landau
BACKGROUND: Considerable progress has been made in recent years in developing effective treatments for child and adolescent anorexia nervosa, with a general consensus in the field that eating disorders focussed family therapy (often referred to as Maudsley Family Therapy or Family Based Treatment) currently offers the most promising outcomes. Nevertheless, a significant number do not respond well and additional treatment developments are needed to improve outcomes. Multifamily therapy is a promising treatment that has attracted considerable interest and we report the results of the first randomised controlled trial of multifamily therapy for adolescent anorexia nervosa...
November 24, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880812/quantifying-risk-for-anxiety-disorders-in-preschool-children-a-machine-learning-approach
#5
Kimberly L H Carpenter, Pablo Sprechmann, Robert Calderbank, Guillermo Sapiro, Helen L Egger
Early childhood anxiety disorders are common, impairing, and predictive of anxiety and mood disorders later in childhood. Epidemiological studies over the last decade find that the prevalence of impairing anxiety disorders in preschool children ranges from 0.3% to 6.5%. Yet, less than 15% of young children with an impairing anxiety disorder receive a mental health evaluation or treatment. One possible reason for the low rate of care for anxious preschoolers is the lack of affordable, timely, reliable and valid tools for identifying young children with clinically significant anxiety...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880041/future-directions-in-sleep-and-developmental-psychopathology
#6
Lisa J Meltzer
It is critical for psychologists to gain a better understanding about the intersection between sleep and developmental psychopathology. However, while many strive to answer the question of whether sleep causes developmental psychopathology, or vice versa, ultimately the relationship between sleep and developmental psychopathology is complex and dynamic. This article considers future directions in the field of clinical child and adolescent psychology that go beyond this mechanistic question, highlighting areas important to address for clinicians and researchers who strive to better understand how best to serve children and adolescents with developmental psychopathology...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876079/copenhagen-infant-mental-health-project-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-circle-of-security-parenting-and-care-as-usual-as-interventions-targeting-infant-mental-health-risks
#7
Mette Skovgaard Væver, Johanne Smith-Nielsen, Theis Lange
BACKGROUND: Infant mental health is a significant public health issue as early adversity and exposure to early childhood stress are significant risk factors that may have detrimental long-term developmental consequences for the affected children. Negative outcomes are seen on a range of areas such as physical and mental health, educational and labor market success, social network and establishing of family. Secure attachment is associated with optimal outcomes in all developmental domains in childhood, and both insecure and disorganized attachment are associated with a range of later problems and psychopathologies...
November 22, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871638/single-nucleotide-polymorphism-heritability-of-a-general-psychopathology-factor-in-children
#8
Alexander Neumann, Irene Pappa, Benjamin B Lahey, Frank C Verhulst, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Vincent W Jaddoe, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Terrie E Moffitt, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE: Co-occurrence of mental disorders is commonly observed, but the etiology underlying this observation is poorly understood. Studies in adolescents and adults have identified a general psychopathology factor associated with a high risk for different psychiatric disorders. We defined a multi-informant general psychopathology factor in school-aged children and estimated its single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) heritability. The goal was to test the hypothesis that child behavioral and emotional problems are under the influence of highly pleiotropic common autosomal genetic variants that nonspecifically increase the risk for different dimensions of psychopathology...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868421/sex-moderates-the-impact-of-birth-weight-on-child-externalizing-psychopathology
#9
Allison M Momany, Jaclyn M Kamradt, Josie M Ullsperger, Alexis L Elmore, Joel T Nigg, Molly A Nikolas
Low birth weight (LBW) has consistently been associated with childhood attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and a similar association has been found for childhood externalizing disorders, such as oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD), albeit to a lesser degree. Although the association between LBW and these disorders has been robustly replicated, few studies have adequately controlled for confounding variables, such as parental age at birth and prenatal tobacco use, examined the specificity of the risk of LBW for ADHD symptoms, or investigated potential nonlinear (i...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868085/child-trauma-exposure-and-psychopathology-mechanisms-of-risk-and-resilience
#10
Katie A McLaughlin, Hilary K Lambert
Exposure to trauma in childhood is associated with elevated risk for multiple forms of psychopathology. Here we present a biopsychosocial model outlining the mechanisms that link child trauma with psychopathology and protective factors that can mitigate these risk pathways. We focus on four mechanisms of enhanced threat processing: information processing biases that facilitate rapid identification of environmental threats, disruptions in learning mechanisms underlying the acquisition of fear, heightened emotional responses to potential threats, and difficulty disengaging from negative emotional content...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867244/community-based-organisations-for-vulnerable-children-in-south-africa-reach-psychosocial-correlates-and-potential-mechanisms
#11
A R Yakubovich, L Sherr, L D Cluver, S Skeen, I S Hensels, A Macedo, M Tomlinson
Community-based organisations (CBOs) have the potential to provide high quality services for orphaned and vulnerable children in resource-limited settings. However, evidence is lacking as to whether CBOs are reaching those who are most vulnerable, whether attending these organisations is associated with greater psychosocial wellbeing, and how they might work. This study addressed these three questions using cross-sectional data from 1848 South African children aged 9-13. Data were obtained from the Young Carers and Child Community Care studies, which both investigated child wellbeing in South Africa using standardised self-report measures...
March 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866501/promoting-children-s-learning-and-development-in-conflict-affected-countries-testing-change-process-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#12
J Lawrence Aber, Carly Tubbs, Catalina Torrente, Peter F Halpin, Brian Johnston, Leighann Starkey, Anjuli Shivshanker, Jeannie Annan, Edward Seidman, Sharon Wolf
Improving children's learning and development in conflict-affected countries is critically important for breaking the intergenerational transmission of violence and poverty. Yet there is currently a stunning lack of rigorous evidence as to whether and how programs to improve learning and development in conflict-affected countries actually work to bolster children's academic learning and socioemotional development. This study tests a theory of change derived from the fields of developmental psychopathology and social ecology about how a school-based universal socioemotional learning program, the International Rescue Committee's Learning to Read in a Healing Classroom (LRHC), impacts children's learning and development...
November 21, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866498/emotional-insecurity-about-the-community-a-dynamic-within-person-mediator-of-child-adjustment-in-contexts-of-political-violence
#13
E Mark Cummings, Christine Merrilees, Laura K Taylor, Marcie Goeke-Morey, Peter Shirlow
Over 1 billion children worldwide are exposed to political violence and armed conflict. The current conclusions are qualified by limited longitudinal research testing sophisticated process-oriented explanatory models for child adjustment outcomes. In this study, consistent with a developmental psychopathology perspective emphasizing the value of process-oriented longitudinal study of child adjustment in developmental and social-ecological contexts, we tested emotional insecurity about the community as a dynamic, within-person mediating process for relations between sectarian community violence and child adjustment...
November 21, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859458/children-of-parents-with-bed-have-more-eating-behavior-disturbance-than-children-of-parents-with-obesity-or-healthy-weight
#14
Janet A Lydecker, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: A limited literature suggests an association between parental eating disorders and child eating-disorder behaviors although this research has focused primarily on restrictive-type eating disorders and very little is known about families with binge-eating disorder (BED). METHODS: The current study focused on parents (N = 331; 103 fathers and 226 mothers), comparing parents with core features of BED (n = 63) to parents with obesity and no eating disorder (OB; n = 85) and parents with healthy-weight and no eating disorder (HW; n = 183)...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855296/hostile-parenting-parental-psychopathology-and-depressive-symptoms-in-the-offspring-a-32-year-follow-up-in-the-young-finns-study
#15
Kia Gluschkoff, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Markus Jokela, Jorma Viikari, Olli Raitakari, Mirka Hintsanen
BACKGROUND: Both hostile parenting and parental psychopathology have been shown to predict depression in the offspring. However, whether and how they interact in predicting the longitudinal course of depression from adolescence to adulthood remains unclear. METHODS: Participants were from the prospective Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns study, aged 3-18 years at baseline in 1980. We used multilevel modeling for repeated measurements to examine the associations of hostile parenting (i...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854439/from-early-family-systems-to-internalizing-symptoms-the-role-of-emotion-regulation-and-peer-relations
#16
Jallu Lindblom, Mervi Vänskä, Marjo Flykt, Asko Tolvanen, Aila Tiitinen, Maija Tulppala, Raija-Leena Punamäki
Research has demonstrated the importance of early family characteristics, such as the quality of caregiving, on children's later mental health. Information is, however, needed about the role of more holistic family systems and specific child-related socioemotional mechanisms. In this study, we conceptualize families as dynamic family system types, consisting of both marital and parenting trajectories over the transition to parenthood. First, we examine how early family system types predict children's anxiety, depression, peer exclusion, and emotion regulation...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844161/latent-classes-of-emotional-and-behavioural-problems-in-epidemiological-and-referred-samples-and-their-relations-to-dsm-iv-diagnoses
#17
Valentina Bianchi, Paolo Brambilla, Marco Garzitto, Paola Colombo, Livia Fornasari, Monica Bellina, Carolina Bonivento, Alessandra Tesei, Sara Piccin, Stefania Conte, Giampaolo Perna, Alessandra Frigerio, Isabella Castiglioni, Franco Fabbro, Massimo Molteni, Maria Nobile
Researchers' interest have recently moved toward the identification of recurrent psychopathological profiles characterized by concurrent elevations on different behavioural and emotional traits. This new strategy turned to be useful in terms of diagnosis and outcome prediction. We used a person-centred statistical approach to examine whether different groups could be identified in a referred sample and in a general-population sample of children and adolescents, and we investigated their relation to DSM-IV diagnoses...
November 14, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842522/what-is-the-impact-of-child-abuse-on-gray-matter-abnormalities-in-individuals-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-case-control-study
#18
Sung Jun Ahn, Sunghyon Kyeong, Sang Hyun Suh, Jae-Jin Kim, Tae-Sub Chung, Jeong-Ho Seok
BACKGROUND: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) present heterogeneous clinical symptoms, and childhood abuse is associated with deepening of psychopathology. The aim of this study was to identify structural brain abnormalities in MDD and to assess further differences in gray matter density (GMD) associated with childhood abuse in MDD. METHODS: Differences in regional GMD between 34 MDD patients and 26 healthy controls were assessed using magnetic resonance imaging and optimized voxel-based morphometry...
November 14, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833215/childhood-mental-health-an-ecological-analysis-of-the-effects-of-neighborhood-characteristics
#19
Gail N Kemp, David A Langer, Martha C Tompson
Research on childhood mental illness traditionally examines risk factors most proximal to the child. However, current trends reflect growing interest in how broader contextual factors contribute to psychopathology risk. In this study, we examined neighborhood-level indicators as potential sources of chronic strain in a sample of 156 mother-child dyads. Children were 8-12 years old. For most neighborhood indicators, data were collected at the level of census tracts using publically available data sets. We hypothesized that these indicators would be associated with greater overall mental health symptoms, as well as specifically predictive of childhood symptoms of depression...
November 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824311/-unmet-needs-in-the-recognition-and-treatment-of-childhood-depression
#20
Sandor Kalmar
In spite of the fact that the good mental health is indispensable condition of the development of sound personality, in the past years the somatic and mental state of our children did not improve. The author ascertains that there are several obstacles in the recognition, treatment and prevention of child-depression that causes a serious public health problem. He stresses the neurologic, neuropsychiatric, psychopathological and diagnostic deficiencies, and the low number of Child and Youth Dispensaries. He describes the situation of Hungarian Child and Youth Dispensaries network, and states positively that today the child-psychiatric services are not able to provide optimal provision for every depressive child...
September 2016: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
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