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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631412/psychopathology-in-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-their-mothers
#1
Aslı Sürer Adanir, Gülseren Taşkiran, O Alphan Küpesiz, Esin Özatalay
BACKGROUND: Bone Marrow Transplantation(BMT) is used to treat children with various hematologic, oncologic and metabolic diseases. While the treatment is lifesaving, it is also found to be related with anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and psychosocial problems both in children and parents. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate psychopathology in pediatric BMT survivors and their mothers compared to the healthy controls. All children were interviewed using Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for assessing the life-long psychopathology...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620969/black-and-white-parents-willingness-to-seek-help-for-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms
#2
Idia B Thurston, Robin Hardin, Kristina Decker, Trisha Arnold, Kathryn H Howell, Vicky Phares
OBJECTIVE: Understanding social and environmental factors that contribute to parental help-seeking intentions is an important step in addressing service underutilization for children in need of treatment. This study examined factors that contribute to parents' intentions to seek formal and informal help for child psychopathology (anxiety and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]). METHOD: A total of 251 parents (N = 128 mothers, N = 123 fathers; 49% Black, 51% White) read 3 vignettes describing children with anxiety, ADHD, and no diagnosis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613366/-transitional-psychiatry-in-the-netherlands-experiences-and-views-of-mental-health-professionals
#3
S E Gerritsen, G C Dieleman, M A C Beltman, A A M Tangenbergh, A Maras, T A M J van Amelsvoort, A L van Staa
Psychopathology manifests itself primarily in late adolescence and continues into adulthood. Continuity of care is essential during this phase of life. The current care service distinguishes between child/adolescent (CAMHS) and adult mental health services (AMHS). The separation of services can interfere with the continuity of care.<br/> AIM: To map professionals' experiences of and views on the transition and associated problems that young people can experience as they are transferred from CAMHS to AMHS...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609692/childhood-maltreatment-psychopathology-and-well-being-the-mediator-role-of-global-self-esteem-attachment-difficulties-and-substance-use
#4
Hanne K Greger, Arne K Myhre, Christian A Klöckner, Thomas Jozefiak
Childhood maltreatment is known to be associated with a broad variety of psychopathology and deteriorated well-being in adolescent populations. In the present nationwide study, we aimed to explore global self-esteem, attachment difficulties and substance use as possible mediators of these associations in a high-risk adolescent population. We included 400 adolescents (aged 12-20 years) living in residential youth care in Norway (response rate 67%). The participants completed a semistructured psychiatric interview (Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment (CAPA)), a study-specific questionnaire, a revised version of the Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents (SPPA) and the Questionnaire for Measuring Health-related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents (KINDL-R)...
June 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601690/parental-adhd-symptoms-and-parenting-behaviors-a-meta-analytic-review
#5
REVIEW
Joanne L Park, Kristen L Hudec, Charlotte Johnston
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) persists throughout the lifespan, and there are known impairments associated with adult ADHD. Understanding ADHD-related impairments in the parenting domain is particularly important given that the children of adults with ADHD also are likely to have ADHD, and there is potential for parenting to alter the developmental outcomes of these children. The present study quantitatively synthesizes evidence regarding the associations between parental ADHD symptoms and parenting behaviors...
May 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595809/neuroticism-in-child-sex-offenders-and-its-association-with-sexual-dysfunctions-cognitive-distortions-and-psychological-complaints
#6
Coralie Boillat, Gunnar Deuring, Marlon O Pflueger, Marc Graf, Timm Rosburg
Studies in child sex offenders (CSO) often report deviant personality characteristics. In our study, we investigated neuroticism in CSO and tested the hypothesis that CSO with high neuroticism show more serious abuse behavior and are more likely to exhibit sexual dysfunction and cognitive distortions, as compared to CSO with low neuroticism. A sample of 40 CSO (both child sexual abusers and child sexual material users) was split into two subsamples based on their neuroticism scores, obtained by the NEO-Personality Inventory-Revised (NEO-PI-R) questionnaire...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594603/behavior-problems-and-psychiatric-diagnoses-in-girls-with-gender-identity-disorder-a-follow-up-study
#7
Kelley D Drummond, Susan J Bradley, Michelle Peterson-Badali, Doug P VanderLaan, Kenneth J Zucker
This study evaluated the presence of clinical range behavior problems and psychiatric diagnoses in 25 girls referred for Gender Identity Disorder (GID) in childhood (M age, 8.88 years) at the time of follow-up in adolescence or adulthood (M age, 23.2 years). At follow-up, three (12%) of the girls were judged to have persistent GID based on DSM-IV criteria. With regard to behavior problems at follow-up, 39.1% of the girls had a clinical range score on either the Child Behavior Checklist or Adult Behavior Checklist as rated by their mothers and 33...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594481/emotional-understanding-in-school-aged-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-a-promising-target-for-intervention
#8
Christie L M Petrenko, Mary E Pandolfino, Julie Quamma, Heather Carmichael Olson
BACKGROUND: Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are at high risk for secondary conditions, including mental health difficulties. Data on both children with typical development and other clinical conditions suggest that limited emotional understanding (EU) raises risk for psychopathology, but little is known about EU in FASD. OBJECTIVES: To determine if EU is a reasonable treatment target for children with FASD. METHODS: 56 children (6-13 years) with FASD completed the Kusche Affective Interview-Revised, a verbal interview measure of EU...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593601/how-competent-are-adolescent-bullying-perpetrators-and-victims-in-mastering-normative-developmental-tasks-in-early-adulthood
#9
Tina Kretschmer, René Veenstra, Susan Branje, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Wim H J Meeus, Maja Deković, Hans M Koot, Wilma A M Vollebergh, Albertine J Oldehinkel
A substantive body of literature suggests that those involved in bullying as perpetrators but particularly victims are at greater risk for psychological maladjustment. In comparison, relatively little is known about associations between bullying-victimization and perpetration and mastery of early adult tasks in domains including romantic relationships, education, work, financial competence, and conduct. These links were tested using data from two Dutch cohorts (RADAR-young, n = 497, 43% girls; TRAILS, n = 2230, 51% girls) who reported on victimization and perpetration at age 11 (TRAILS) and 13 (RADAR-young) and mastery of developmental tasks in early adulthood...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581338/psychiatric-disorders-and-quality-of-life-in-the-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder
#10
Michal Goetz, Antonin Sebela, Marketa Mohaplova, Silvie Ceresnakova, Radek Ptacek, Tomas Novak
OBJECTIVE: To determine current and lifetime psychopathology and assess quality of life (QoL) in offspring of a parent with bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: We investigated 43 offspring of bipolar parents (high-risk offspring [HRO]) (mean age 12.5 ± 3.1; range 6.7-17.9 years) and 43 comparison offspring matched for sex, age, and IQ of healthy parents. Lifetime and current presence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. (DSM-5) diagnoses were assessed using Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573944/stress-through-the-mind-of-the-beholder-preliminary-differences-in-child-and-maternal-perceptions-of-child-stress-in-relation-to-child-cortisol-and-cardiovascular-activity
#11
Maureen A Allwood, Allison E Gaffey, Chrystal Vergara-Lopez, Laura R Stroud
The present study examined associations among parent and child reports of youth's stressful life events, perceived stress, and biological measures of stress activity (i.e., cortisol and cardiovascular activity). Examining these aspects of youth stress presents several challenges. Unlike adult studies of individual differences in which information regarding stressful life events, perceptions of events, and biological activity are gathered from one individual, assessment of individual differences among children usually involves other informants (e...
June 2, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573761/sex-differences-in-the-associations-between-vagal-reactivity-and-oppositional-defiant-disorder-symptoms
#12
Pablo Vidal-Ribas, Andrew Pickles, Florin Tibu, Helen Sharp, Jonathan Hill
BACKGROUND: Vagal reactivity to stress in children has been associated with future psychiatric outcomes. However, results have been mixed possibly because these effects are in opposite direction in boys and girls. These sex differences are relevant in the context of development of psychopathology, whereby the rates of psychiatric disorders differ by sex. In this study, we aimed to examine the association between vagal reactivity, assessed as a reduction in respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) in response to a challenge, and the development of future oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms in boys and girls...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573454/quality-of-life-among-adolescents-living-in-residential-youth-care-do-domain-specific-self-esteem-and-psychopathology-contribute
#13
Thomas Jozefiak, Nanna S Kayed, Ingunn Ranøyen, Hanne K Greger, Jan L Wallander, Lars Wichstrøm
PURPOSE: Many adolescents living in residential youth care (RYC) institutions perceive their quality of life (QoL) to be low. Enhancing QoL is thus important, but little is known about the potential contributors to their QoL. Early interpersonal trauma and subsequent removal from home and repeated relocations to new placements are expected to affect mental health and self-esteem. We therefore investigated if domain-specific self-esteem contributed to QoL among adolescents living in RYC institutions over and beyond their levels of psychopathology...
June 1, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572731/understanding-the-associations-between-psychosocial-factors-and-severity-of-crime-in-juvenile-delinquency-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Sarper Taşkıran, Tuba Mutluer, Ali Evren Tufan, Bengi Semerci
PURPOSE: Juvenile delinquency is a serious and common problem. To date, several studies have focused on possible psychosocial risk factors for delinquency among youths and on the implications of childhood mental illness on child criminality. However, the literature on prevalence of psychopathology and predictors of crime severity among delinquent youths in Turkey is sparse. Therefore, the aim of this study was to show the associations between crime severity and psychosocial factors such as gender, age, criminal history, concomitant attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other comorbid psychiatric conditions, along with behavioral problem domains of Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569611/parental-marital-satisfaction-in-a-family-based-partial-hospitalization-program
#15
Renee D Rienecke
In family-based treatment, parents are initially put in charge of the weight restoration process, requiring parents to work closely together to help their child recover, possibly putting a strain on the marital relationship. The purpose of the current study was to examine marital satisfaction in families before and after treatment in a family-based program and to determine whether marital satisfaction is related to patient outcome. Parents of 53 adolescent patients participated in the study. Almost half of mothers and a third of fathers reported a decrease in marital satisfaction over the course of treatment...
June 1, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568706/examining-maternal-psychopathology-family-functioning-and-coping-skills-in-childhood-obesity-a-case-control-study
#16
Miriam Blanco, Ana R Sepulveda, Tatiana Lacruz, Melissa Parks, Beatriz Real, Yolanda Martin-Peinador, Francisco J Román
The shared family environment is an important risk factor in the development of childhood obesity. This study aims to examine differences in maternal psychopathology, family functioning, expressed emotion and coping skills between families of a child with obesity and those with a normal-weight child. This case-control study consisted of 50 mothers with a child (age 8-12 years) with obesity (p ≥ 97) and a control group of 50 mothers of a child with normal weight (p < 85), matched for age, sex and socio-economic status...
June 1, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561203/relationship-between-daily-dose-serum-concentration-and-clinical-response-to-quetiapine-in-children-and-adolescents-with-psychotic-and-mood-disorders
#17
Laura Albantakis, Karin Egberts, Rainer Burger, Christine Kulpok, Claudia Mehler-Wex, Regina Taurines, Stefan Unterecker, Christoph Wewetzer, Marcel Romanos, Manfred Gerlach
Introduction In child and adolescent psychiatry, therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is strongly recommended. However, therapeutic ranges (TR) are defined only for adults. The objectives of this naturalistic study were to assess the relationships between serum quetiapine concentration, daily dose, and clinical outcomes as well as the determinants of pharmacokinetic variability. Furthermore, it was elucidated whether the recommended TR for adult patients with psychotic disorders is valid for children and adolescents...
May 23, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558624/contribution-of-analyses-on-triadic-relationships-to-diagnostics-and-treatment-planning-in-developmental-psychopathology
#18
Michela Gatta, Marina Miscioscia, Alessandra Simonelli, Laura Sudati, Marta Sisti, Ilaria Comis, Pier Antonio Battistella
Recent clinical and theoretical research in the field of developmental psychopathology has focused on the importance of interactions in a child's development. The literature has investigated how children's early relationships contribute to the structure and expression of any subsequent psychological problems. The main focus of this pilot study is the application of the Lausanne Trilogue Play paradigm as part of psychodiagnostic assessments to elucidate family functioning in clinical settings. The research aims particularly to observe the characteristics of a family's interactions in the light of their child's psychopathological symptoms, based on a sample of 38 families with school-age children referred to a Neuropsychiatry Unit for Children and Adolescents for emotional or behavioral problems...
April 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551198/change-in-depression-across-adolescence-the-role-of-early-anger-socialization-and-child-anger
#19
Colleen R O'Neal, Lynsey C Weston, Xin He, Keng-Yen Huang, Daniel S Pine, Dimitra Kamboukos, Laurie Miller Brotman
The purpose of this longitudinal study was to examine the relations of early socialization of anger with change in adolescent depression, and moderation by child anger. Using a sample of low-income, ethnic minority children at familial risk for psychopathology in the United States (n = 92; ages 3-5; 53% female; 65% African American; 27% Latina/o), early anger socialization (i.e., parent response to child anger) was tested as a predictor of change in depression from preadolescence to adolescence [i.e., age 8 (n = 63), 11 (n = 58), and 13 (n = 44)]...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550520/homotypic-and-heterotypic-psychopathological-continuity-a-child-cohort-study
#20
Mark Shevlin, Eoin McElroy, Jamie Murphy
BACKGROUND: Heterotypic psychopathological continuity (i.e. one disorder predicting another at a later time point) contradicts the conventional view that psychiatric disorders are discrete, static entities. Studying this phenomenon may help to tease out the complex mechanisms that underpin psychiatric comorbidity. To date, no studies have explicitly compared heterotypic effects within and across higher order dimensions of psychopathology. METHODS: Patterns of homotypic and heterotypic psychopathological continuity were examined using cohort data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC, N = 4815)...
May 26, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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