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child psychopathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080108/the-brief-problem-monitor-parent-form-bpm-p-a-short-version-of-the-child-behavior-checklist-psychometric-properties-in-spanish-6-to-8-year-old-children
#1
Eva Penelo, Núria de la Osa, José Blas Navarro, Josep Maria Domènech, Lourdes Ezpeleta
We provide the first validation data on the Spanish version of the Brief Problem Monitor-Parent form (BPM-P), a recently developed abbreviated version of the 120-item Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 6 to 18 (CBCL/6-18) in young schoolchildren. Parents of a community sample of 521 children aged 6-8 answered the CBCL/6-18 yearly, and the 19 BPM-P items were examined; parents also provided different measures of psychopathology. Confirmatory factor analysis of the expected 3-factor model (attention, externalizing, and internalizing) showed adequate fit (root mean square error of approximation, RMSEA ≤ ...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079460/development-of-a-version-of-the-self-ordered-pointing-task-a-working-memory-task-for-brazilian-preschoolers
#2
Isabela Sallum, Fernanda Gomes da Mata, Nathália Falcone Cheib, Charles W Mathias, Débora Marques Miranda, Leandro Fernandes Malloy-Diniz
OBJECTIVE: Working memory is a fundamental cognitive function and is predictive of outcomes and achievement in a wide range of domains from an early age. The focus of this study was to develop a computerized Brazilian version of the Self-Ordered Pointing Task (SOPT) for preschoolers and to provide initial normative and validation data for this task. METHODS: The sample of the present study was composed of 248 children aged 3 (n = 41), 4 (n = 88) and 5 (n = 119) years from 13 private and public schools in Belo Horizonte...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064369/the-role-of-socio-economic-disadvantage-in-the-development-of-comorbid-emotional-and-conduct-problems-in-children-with-adhd
#3
Eirini Flouri, Emily Midouhas, Alexandra Ruddy, Vanessa Moulton
Previous research shows that, compared to children without ADHD, children with ADHD have worse socio-emotional outcomes and more experience of socio-economic disadvantage. In this study, we explored if and how the increased emotional and behavioural difficulties faced by children with ADHD may be accounted for by their more disadvantaged socio-economic circumstances. Our study, using data from 180 children (149 boys) with ADHD from the Millennium Cohort Study, had two aims. First, to examine the role of socio-economic disadvantage in the trajectories of emotional and conduct problems in children with ADHD at ages 3, 5, 7 and 11 years...
January 7, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058729/role-of-the-attachment-style-in-determining-the-association-between-headache-features-and-psychological-symptoms-in-migraine-children-and-adolescents-an-analytical-observational-case-control-study
#4
Samuela Tarantino, Cristiana De Ranieri, Cecilia Dionisi, Valentina Gagliardi, Maria Francesca Paniccia, Alessandro Capuano, Roberto Frusciante, Martina Balestri, Federico Vigevano, Simonetta Gentile, Massimiliano Valeriani
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the role of attachment style on headache severity and psychological symptoms in migraineurs children/adolescents. Moreover, we investigated the association between attachment style, migraine severity, and psychological symptoms. BACKGROUND: Attachment theory suggests that early interpersonal relationships may be important determinants of psychopathology and pain management. In particular, individuals with insecure attachment styles have been shown to experience more pain than people with secure attachment style...
January 6, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058518/father-participation-in-child-psychopathology-research
#5
Justin Parent, Rex Forehand, Hayley Pomerantz, Virginia Peisch, Martin Seehuus
The purpose of the current study was two-fold: (1) To examine time trends of the inclusion of fathers in child psychopathology research from 2005 to 2015; and (2) to examine online crowdsourcing as a method to recruit and study fathers. In study 1, findings indicated that, relative to two earlier reviews of father participation from 1984 to 1991 and 1992-2004, there has been limited progress in the inclusion of fathers in child psychopathology research over the last decade. In study 2, without explicit efforts to recruit fathers, almost 40% of a sample of 564 parents recruited from online crowdsourcing (Amazon's Mechanical Turk) were fathers...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057447/antidepressant-prescribing-by-pediatricians-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#6
Anne K Tulisiak, Jillian A Klein, Emily Harris, Marissa J Luft, Heidi K Schroeder, Sarah A Mossman, Sara T Varney, Brooks R Keeshin, Sian Cotton, Jeffrey R Strawn
Among pediatricians, perceived knowledge of efficacy, tolerability, dosing, and side effects of antidepressants represent significant sources of variability in the use of these medications in youth with depressive and anxiety disorders. Importantly, the qualitative factors that relate to varying levels of comfort with antidepressants and willingness to prescribe are poorly understood. Using a mixed-methods approach, in-depth interviews were conducted with community-based and academic medical center-based pediatricians (N = 14)...
January 2, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054804/developmental-delay-and-emotion-dysregulation-predicting-parent-child-conflict-across-early-to-middle-childhood
#7
Willa A Marquis, Amanda N Noroña, Bruce L Baker
Cumulative risk research has increased understanding of how multiple risk factors impact various socioemotional and interpersonal outcomes across the life span. However, little is known about risk factors for parent-child conflict early in development, where identifying predictors of change could be highly salient for intervention. Given their established association with parent-child conflict, child developmental delay (DD) and emotion dysregulation were examined as predictors of change in conflict across early to middle childhood (ages 3 to 7 years)...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028663/family-social-support-modifies-the-relationships-between-childhood-maltreatment-severity-economic-adversity-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms
#8
Maria Muzik, Rujuta Umarji, Minden B Sexton, Margaret T Davis
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the main and moderating effects of childhood abuse or neglect severity, income, and family social support on the presence of postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS). METHODS: Participants included 183 postpartum mothers who endorsed a history of childhood maltreatment (CM) and enrolled in a longitudinal study of mother and child outcomes. Participants completed questionnaires to assess CM severity, associated societal and maternal characteristics, and depressive symptom severity...
December 27, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026191/maternal-postnatal-depression-and-anxiety-and-their-association-with-child-emotional-negativity-and-behavior-problems-at-two-years
#9
Jason M Prenoveau, Michelle G Craske, Valerie West, Andreas Giannakakis, Maria Zioga, Annukka Lehtonen, Beverley Davies, Elena Netsi, Jessica Cardy, Peter Cooper, Lynne Murray, Alan Stein
Postnatal maternal depression is associated with poorer child emotional and behavioral functioning, but it is unclear whether this occurs following brief episodes or only with persistent depression. Little research has examined the relation between postnatal anxiety and child outcomes. The present study examined the role of postnatal major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) symptom chronicity on children's emotional and behavioral functioning at 24 months. Following postnatal screening mothers (n = 296) were identified as having MDD, GAD, MDD and GAD, or no disorder at 3 months postnatal; the average age was 32...
January 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018276/reading-disability-and-quality-of-life-based-on-both-self-and-parent-reports-importance-of-gender-differences
#10
Judit Balazs, Monika Miklosi, Krisztina T Toro, Diana Nagy-Varga
Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate self- and parent-rated quality of life (QoL) in children with a reading disability (RD) and the impact of comorbid psychopathology, with special focus on age and gender differences. Methods: Using the Dyslexia Differential Diagnosis Maastricht-Hungarian standard test, 127 children (aged < 18) were included in the RD group and 81 in the control group. To measure comorbid psychopathology, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was administered. To evaluate the children's QoL self- and parent-rated versions of the Measure of Quality of Life for Children and Adolescents (ILK) were used...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996985/-parental-stress-and-psychopathological-traits-in-children-and-adolescents-a-controlled-study
#11
Michela Gatta, Laura Balottin, Stefania Mannarini, Valentina Birocchi, Lara Del Col, Pier Antonio Battistella
AIM: Since parental stress and family empowerment were shown to influence children's and adolescents' outcome, especially in the case of psychotherapeutic treatments, the present study aims to deeply explore factors that are likely to impact on stress and empowerment in parents of children with a psychiatric diagnosis. METHODS: Parenting stress and empowerment have been compared between 45 parents of children with a psychiatric disorder and 96 parents of children without psychiatric disorders...
November 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996316/developmental-coordination-disorder-plus-oculomotor-and-visuospatial-impairment-as-neurodevelopmental-heralds-of-psychosis-proneness
#12
Michele Poletti, Eva Gebhardt, Andrea Raballo
Aiming at preventing transitions to more severe psychopathology and boosted by the availability of operational criteria to identify help-seeking subjects at increased risk for psychosis, research into the early prodromal phases of psychosis is attracting a growing clinical interest. Furthermore, the focus of early detection is gradually shifting from prodromal syndromes to the premorbid period. Although mainly driven by clinical-pragatic aims, such a shift is coherent with the neurodevelopmental hypothesis of schizophrenia that might offer a unifying, developmentally informed conceptual framework for early detection...
December 20, 2016: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995813/the-predictors-of-persistent-dsm-iv-disorders-in-3-year-follow-ups-of-the-british-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-surveys-1999-and-2004
#13
T Ford, F Macdiarmid, A E Russell, D Racey, R Goodman
BACKGROUND: The identification of the factors that influence the persistence of psychiatric disorder may assist practitioners to focus on young people who are particularly prone to poor outcomes, but population-based samples of sufficient size are rare. METHOD: This secondary analysis combined data from two large, population-based cross-sectional surveys in Great Britain (1999 and 2004) and their respective follow-ups (2002 and 2007), to study homotypic persistence among the 998 school-age children with psychiatric disorder at baseline...
December 20, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993226/maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-and-after-pregnancy-and-psychiatric-problems-in-children
#14
Marius Lahti, Katri Savolainen, Soile Tuovinen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Esa Hämäläinen, Hannele Laivuori, Pia M Villa, Rebecca M Reynolds, Eero Kajantie, Katri Räikkönen
OBJECTIVE: Maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy are associated with increased risk of psychiatric problems in children. A more precise understanding of the timing of the symptoms during pregnancy and their independence of other prenatal and postnatal factors in predicting child psychopathology risk is needed. We examined whether maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy predict child psychiatric problems, whether these associations are trimester- or gestational-week-specific and/or independent of pregnancy disorders, and whether maternal depressive symptoms after pregnancy mediate or add to the prenatal effects...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957886/self-rated-psychopathic-traits-in-a-sample-of-treatment-seeking-adolescent-girls-with-internalizing-and-externalizing-disorders-comparisons-to-girls-in-the-community
#15
Svetlana Oshukova, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Jouko Miettunen, Riikka Marttila, Eeva T Aronen, Mauri Marttunen, Matti Kaivosoja, Nina Lindberg
BACKGROUND: Psychopathy research has thus far focused mostly on child, male, and delinquent samples, but the results are most likely non-generalizable to adolescent girls with mental health disorders. AIM: The present study aimed to compare self-rated psychopathic traits between female psychiatric outpatients and girls in the community, and to investigate how psychopathic traits relate to psychiatric disorders. METHOD: The outpatient sample comprised 163 girls aged 15-17-years recruited from municipal mental health services...
December 13, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956479/immediate-and-long-term-mental-health-outcomes-in-adolescent-female-rape-survivors
#16
Yewande Oshodi, Muiruri Macharia, Anusha Lachman, Soraya Seedat
Rape is considered a stressful trauma and often has long-lasting health consequences. Compared with adult females, limited data exist on the psychological impact of rape in adolescents. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of emotional distress in a cohort of adolescent rape survivors in Cape Town. Participants in this prospective longitudinal study were 31 adolescent female rape survivors recruited from a rape clinic in Cape Town and assessed within 2 weeks of the assault...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942995/unique-associations-between-childhood-temperament-characteristics-and-subsequent-psychopathology-symptom-trajectories-from-childhood-to-early-adolescence
#17
Miriam K Forbes, Ronald M Rapee, Anna-Lisa Camberis, Catherine A McMahon
Existing research suggests that temperamental traits that emerge early in childhood may have utility for early detection and intervention for common mental disorders. The present study examined the unique relationships between the temperament characteristics of reactivity, approach-sociability, and persistence in early childhood and subsequent symptom trajectories of psychopathology (depression, anxiety, conduct disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder; ADHD) from childhood to early adolescence...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939179/importance-of-neuropsychiatric-evaluation-in-children-with-primary-monosymptomatic-enuresis
#18
Mariangela Gulisano, Carla Domini, Mara Capelli, Alessandra Pellico, Renata Rizzo
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is an involuntary voiding during sleep. It is a very common disorder in school-age children. Comorbid psychopathologies are common in patients affected by enuresis. According to the ICCS, the rate of behavioral and emotional disorders in children with enuresis is doubled compared with healthy control (HC) children. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of neuropsychiatric comorbidities in children affected by NE...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936454/white-matter-volumes-in-youth-offspring-of-bipolar-parents
#19
Fabiano G Nery, Matthew Norris, James C Eliassen, Wade A Weber, Thomas J Blom, Jeffrey A Welge, Drew A Barzman, Jeffrey R Strawn, Caleb M Adler, Stephen M Strakowski, Melissa P DelBello
BACKGROUND: Studying youth at high risk of developing bipolar disorder may clarify neurobiological factors associated with vulnerability to this illness. We present here a baseline characterization of brain structure in youth at-risk for bipolar disorder. METHODS: Magnetic resonance images were obtained from 115 child and adolescent offspring of bipolar disorder type I subjects and 57 healthy child and adolescent offspring of healthy parents (healthy control offspring)...
February 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928247/the-comparison-of-iranian-normative-reference-data-with-five-countries-%C3%A2-across-variables-in-eight-rorschach-comprehensive-system-cs-clusters
#20
Abufazel Hosseininasab, Mohammadreza Mohammadi, Samira Jouzi, Maryam Esmaeilinasab, Ali Delavar
Objective: This study aimed to provide a normative study documenting how 114 five-seven year-old non-‎patient Iranian children respond to the Rorschach test. We compared this especial sample to ‎international normative reference values for the Comprehensive System (CS).‎ Method: One hundred fourteen 5- 7- year-old non-patient Iranian children were recruited from public ‎schools. Using five child and adolescent samples from five countries, we compared Iranian ‎Normative Reference Data- based on reference means and standard deviations for each sample...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
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