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Religion and prayers

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761753/against-the-stream-religion-and-mental-health-the-case-for-the-inclusion-of-religion-and-spirituality-into-psychiatric-care
#1
Simon Dein
This paper argues for the inclusion of religion and spirituality in psychiatric care. After discussing the antagonism of psychiatrists and psychologists to religion, I present a critical overview of studies examining the relationships between spirituality, religion and diverse aspects of mental health: depression, suicide, anxiety, delinquency, drug abuse and schizophrenia. The need to assesses the impact of religion in different faith groups is discussed. Measures of religious coping, both positive and negative, may provide a more accurate portrayal as to how individuals deploy religion in their lives than global measures such as belief and attendance...
June 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723002/sex-through-a-sacred-lens-longitudinal-effects-of-sanctification-of-marital-sexuality
#2
Krystal M Hernandez-Kane, Annette Mahoney
Research attending to the role of religion and spirituality in enhancing sexuality in marriage is virtually absent. In response to this scarcity, this longitudinal study examined the sanctification of marital sexuality among newly married, heterosexual individuals (N = 67; married 4-18 months at Time 1). Greater sanctification of marital sexuality early in the marriage predicted more frequent sexual intercourse, sexual satisfaction, and marital satisfaction 1 year later for individual respondents, after controlling for initial levels of the dependent variable as well as age, frequencies of religious service attendance and prayer, and biblical conservatism...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706663/religious-pathways-from-adolescence-to-adulthood
#3
Bo Hyeong Jane Lee, Lisa D Pearce, Kristen M Schorpp
Prior research suggests the significance of religion for development and wellbeing in adolescence and beyond. Further, new developments and applications of statistical methods have led to ways of better accounting for the multidimensional nature of religiosity (e.g. latent class analysis), as well as the dynamic aspects of religiosity (e.g. latent growth curve models). Yet, rarely if ever are both features of religiosity incorporated and examined together. Therefore, we propose and conduct a latent class analysis using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to identify seven distinct pathways of religiosity that involve independently changing levels of religious affiliation, religious service attendance, personal importance of religion, and prayer from adolescence to adulthood...
September 2017: Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676507/dimensions-of-religion-associated-with-suicide-attempt-and-suicide-ideation-in-depressed-religiously-affiliated-patients
#4
Matthias Jongkind, Bart van den Brink, Hanneke Schaap-Jonker, Nathan van der Velde, Arjan W Braam
There is substantial evidence to support the claim that religion can protect against suicide ideation, suicide attempts, and completed suicide. There is also evidence that religion does not always protect against suicidality. More insight is needed into the relationship between suicidal parameters and dimensions of religion. A total of 155 in- and outpatients with major depression from a Christian Mental Health Care institution were included. The following religious factors were assessed: religious service attendance, frequency of prayer, religious salience, type of God representation, and moral objections to suicide (MOS)...
April 20, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594652/the-relationship-between-religious-and-psychospiritual-measures-and-an-inflammation-marker-crp-in-older-adults-experiencing-life-event-stress
#5
Gail Ironson, Aurelie Lucette, Emily Hylton, Kenneth I Pargament, Neal Krause
Inflammation, often measured by C-reactive protein (CRP), is thought to be related to a number of debilitating illnesses as we age, including cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes. Stress has also been implicated in these processes. This study examines potential protective effects of spirituality and religion in older adults who have experienced stressful life events. As part of the nationwide Landmark Study of Spirituality and Health, a subsample of 643 middle-aged and older adults (age ≥ 50) who were at or above the median in number of life stressors (≥ 2) was included in this analysis...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582335/influence-of-religious-and-spiritual-elements-on-adherence-to-pharmacological-treatment
#6
Bárbara Badanta-Romero, Rocío de Diego-Cordero, Estefanía Rivilla-García
The objective of this study is to know the influence of religious/spiritual elements on the adherence to pharmacological therapy. The descriptors used for this literature review were "medicine, medication, drug, or treatment," "adherence to treatment," and "religion or spirituality or faith or prayer" in different databases (CINAHL, PsycINFO, PubMed). Finally, 23 articles were selected. Articles available in full text, published between 2010 and 2017, in English or Spanish were included...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557049/religion-and-life-satisfaction-a-correlational-study-of-undergraduate-students-in-trinidad
#7
Dianne Gabriela Habib, Casswina Donald, Gerard Hutchinson
Religious behaviour tends to correlate positively with life satisfaction. The predictive power of this relationship is associated with various socio-demographic factors such as age, gender and religious affiliation. We investigated the relationship between religious involvement and life satisfaction in a multi-religious population of undergraduate medical students of the University of the West Indies. We used a cross-sectional design to assess 228 undergraduates (50 males and 178 females) on religiosity, religious well-being and life satisfaction using the Religious Orientation Test, Religious Well-Being subscale and the Satisfaction with Life Scale, respectively...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428188/-i-m-not-a-spiritual-person-how-hope-might-facilitate-conversations-about-spirituality-among-teens-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#8
Krysta S Barton, Tyler Tate, Nancy Lau, Karen B Taliesin, Elisha D Waldman, Abby R Rosenberg
CONTEXT: Supporting patients' spiritual needs is central to palliative care. Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) may be developing their spiritual identities; it is unclear how to navigate conversations concerning their spiritual needs. OBJECTIVES: To 1) describe spiritual narratives among AYAs based on their self-identification as religious, spiritual, both, or neither and 2) identify language to support AYAs' spiritual needs in keeping with their self-identities...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340895/confirming-the-tripartite-structure-of-the-duke-university-religion-index-a-methodological-approach
#9
John W Lace, Paul J Handal
The present study provided a methodological critique regarding psychometric investigations of the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) and its variants. Nine hundred seventeen (630 females and 287 males) university students (M age = 19.24) completed the DUREL, the Personal Religious Inventory, and the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale online. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed to assess a three-factor (organizational religious activity; non-organizational religious activity; and intrinsic religiosity) and a unidimensional model of the DUREL...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336107/centrality-of-spirituality-religion-in-the-culture-of-palliative-care-service-in-indonesia-an-ethnographic-study
#10
Erna Rochmawati, Rick Wiechula, Kate Cameron
Experiencing life-threatening illness could impact on an individual's spirituality or religious beliefs. In this paper, we report on a study which explored cultural elements that influence the provision of palliative care for people with cancer. A contemporary ethnographic approach was adopted. Observations and interviews were undertaken over 3 months with 48 participants, including palliative care staff, patients, and their families. An ethnographic data analysis framework was adopted to assist in the analysis of data at item, pattern, and structural levels...
January 16, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238116/a-schutzian-analysis-of-prayer-with-perspectives-from-linguistic-philosophy
#11
K Hoshikawa, M Staudigl
In this paper, we propose to analyze the phenomenon of Christian prayer by way of combining two different analytical frameworks. We start by applying Schutz's theories of "intersubjectivity," "inner time," "politheticality," and "multiple realities," and then proceed by drawing on the ideas and insights of linguistic philosophers, notably, Wittgenstein's "language-game," Austin's "speech act," and Evans's "logic of self-involvement". In conjoining these accounts, we wish to demonstrate how their combination sheds new light on understanding the phenomenon of prayer...
2017: Human Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202427/religiosity-and-religious-delusions-in-schizophrenia-an-observational-study-in-a-hindu-population
#12
Anand Mishra, Basudeb Das, Nishant Goyal
BACKGROUND: Religion exerts a significant effect on the lives of many individuals including people with mental illness. As evidences keep accumulating, role of religion in mental illness is gaining importance. OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to study the effects of religiosity on religious delusions, its presentation, acute course and outcome in schizophrenia. METHOD: The study was a naturalistic observational study. Subjects with schizophrenia were grouped into those with religious (RG) and with non-religious delusions (NG)...
February 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188549/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-utilization-of-prayer-and-clergy-counseling-by-infertile-us-women-desiring-pregnancy
#13
Stephen C Collins, Soorin Kim, Esther Chan
Religion can have a significant influence on the experience of infertility. However, it is unclear how many US women turn to religion when facing infertility. Here, we examine the utilization of prayer and clergy counsel among a nationally representative sample of 1062 infertile US women. Prayer was used by 74.8% of the participants, and clergy counsel was the most common formal support system utilized. Both prayer and clergy counsel were significantly more common among black and Hispanic women. Healthcare providers should acknowledge the spiritual needs of their infertile patients and ally with clergy when possible to provide maximally effective care...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172880/spiritual-struggles-and-problem-drinking-are-younger-adults-at-greater-risk-than-older-adults
#14
Neal Krause, Kenneth I Pargament, Peter C Hill, Gail Ironson
BACKGROUND: Although a good deal of research has assessed the positive effects that involvement in religion has on alcohol use, there is relatively little research on the negative aspects of religious life and alcohol problems. OBJECTIVES: This study has two objectives. The first is to see if spiritual struggles are associated with problem drinking. The second is to see if the relationship between spiritual struggles and problem drinking is stronger for younger than for older adults...
November 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136245/the-religiosity-and-spiritual-beliefs-and-practices-of-clinical-social-workers-a-national-survey
#15
Holly K Oxhandler, Edward C Polson, W Andrew Achenbaum
This article describes the religious and spiritual beliefs and practices among a national sample of 426 licensed clinical social workers (LCSWs). Given the significant role LCSWs' intrinsic religiosity plays in whether or not they consider clients' religion and spirituality (RS) as it relates to practice, it is critical that the profession best understands current LCSWs' religious and spiritual beliefs, and in what ways these mirror or contrast those of the clients whom they serve. Findings from this secondary analysis of a recent national survey suggest that compared with the general U...
January 1, 2018: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122246/nurses-knowledge-clinical-practice-and-attitude-towards-unconventional-medicine-implications-for-intercultural-healthcare
#16
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Kabila Abass, Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Burnett Tetteh Accam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this hospital-based, cross-sectional study was to examine nurses' knowledge, personal and professional practices and attitude towards complementary and alternative medical therapies in urban Ghana. METHOD: Using convenience sampling technique, cross-sectional data were collected from 210 registered and practicing nurses with self-administered questionnaire based on the Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ)...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120283/expressions-of-prayer-in-residential-care-homes
#17
Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham, Sonya Sharma, Brenda Smith, Kelly Schutt, Kyla Janzen
Although the value of spiritual care in the care of older adults is supported by research, few studies have focused specifically on prayer in residential care settings. This ethnographic study with fifteen chaplains and administrators in eleven residential care homes involved analyses of walking interviews and research diaries. Findings revealed the spaces in which prayer happens and the forms it takes. The identities of chaplains-their own spiritual practices, religious beliefs, and positioning within the facility-shaped their dis/comfort with prayer and how they located prayer within public and private spaces...
April 2018: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987036/prayer-healing-a-case-study-research-protocol
#18
Dirk J Kruijthoff, Cornelis van der Kooi, Gerrit Glas, Tineke A Abma
Context • Prayer healing is a common practice in many religious communities around the world. Even in the highly secularized Dutch society, cases of prayer healing are occasionally reported in the media, often generating public attention. There is an ongoing debate regarding whether such miraculous cures do actually occur and how to interpret them. Objective • The aim of the article was to present a research protocol for the investigation of reported cases of remarkable and/or unexplained healing after prayer...
July 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929444/neurophysiological-approach-to-examining-knowledge-belief-in-the-prayer-of-an-untrained-person-a-case-study
#19
Mirjana Sovilj, Zoran Radičević, Ljiljana Jeličić, Miodrag Stokić, Vanja Nenadović, Miško Subotić
An adult female (22 years) of Christian orthodox religion was examined during the silent Lord's prayer, the most common, short prayer, with the aim of possible differentiation between belief and knowledge in her experience, analyzing the behavior of subgroups of theta and beta cerebral EEG rhythms, which occur through constant and occasional activation of cerebral regions. The participant was not trained in reading the prayer to herself or other people. EEG examination was performed by Nihon Kohden Corporation, EEG-1200-K Neurofax apparatus, in the monopolar longitudinal montage in the system of 10/20 electrodes aimed at determining the peak frequency value of each exploratory site...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920558/i-shouldn-t-talk-of-medicine-only-biomedical-and-religious-frameworks-for-understanding-antiretroviral-therapies-their-invention-and-their-effects
#20
Angela Kelly-Hanku, Peter Aggleton, Patti Shih
Medical pluralism offers a long-standing means of analysing the different ways in which health and illness can be interpreted and responded to. It is not unusual for multiple health systems and meanings to co-exist at any one moment in time, offering different ways of understanding and responding to illness and disease. In addition to biomedical frameworks, religious beliefs offer another important means of facilitating healing. Based on qualitative interviews with 36 people living with HIV on antiretroviral therapies (ART) in Papua New Guinea (PNG), this paper examines the ways in which people bring together and synthesise religious and biomedical therapeutic approaches to the treatment and management of HIV...
September 16, 2017: Global Public Health
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