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Religion and prayers

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210172/effects-of-a-12-month-educational-intervention-on-outpatient-clinicians-attitudes-and-behaviors-concerning-spiritual-practices-with-patients
#1
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: We report here the impact of an educational training program on attitudes and practices of physicians (MDs) and mid-level practitioners (MLPs) toward controversial spiritual practices, such as practitioner-led prayer, sharing personal religious beliefs, and encouraging patients' religious beliefs. METHODS: In this single-group experimental study, 427 physicians and 93 MLPs affiliated with the Adventist Health System agreed to complete a questionnaire assessing demographics, practice characteristics, religiosity, and attitudes and behaviors at baseline, 1 month, and 12 months...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193130/religious-coping-and-types-and-sources-of-information-used-in-making-prostate-cancer-treatment-decisions
#2
Janice V Bowie, Caryn N Bell, Altovise Ewing, Ballington Kinlock, Ashley Ezema, Roland J Thorpe, Thomas A LaVeist
Treatment experiences for prostate cancer survivors can be challenging and dependent on many clinical and psychosocial factors. One area that is less understood is the information needs and sources men utilize. Among these is the influence of religion as a valid typology and the value it may have on treatment decisions. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between race, religion, and cancer treatment decisions in African American men compared with White men. Data were from the Diagnosis and Decisions in Prostate Cancer Treatment Outcomes Study that consisted of 877 African American and White men...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041787/brain-mechanisms-in-religion-and-spirituality-an-integrative-predictive-processing-framework
#3
REVIEW
Michiel van Elk, André Aleman
We present the theory of predictive processing as a unifying framework to account for the neurocognitive basis of religion and spirituality. Our model is substantiated by discussing four different brain mechanisms that play a key role in religion and spirituality: temporal brain areas are associated with religious visions and ecstatic experiences; multisensory brain areas and the default mode network are involved in self-transcendent experiences; the Theory of Mind-network is associated with prayer experiences and over attribution of intentionality; top-down mechanisms instantiated in the anterior cingulate cortex and the medial prefrontal cortex could be involved in acquiring and maintaining intuitive supernatural beliefs...
February 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035632/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-the-faculty-of-theology-students-on-organ-transplantation
#4
Seher Gürdil Yilmaz, Burcu Opak Yücel, Döndü Çuhadar
The objective in this study is to determine the knowledge and attitudes of the Faculty of Theology students on organ transplantation. The study that was planned as a descriptive study took place between March-May 2014 with the participation of 119 students enrolled at the Faculty of Theology. It was determined as a result of the study that the students see lack of knowledge (49.6%) as the top obstacle for organ transplantation followed by religion (21%), that 52.1% accept that organ transplantation is not forbidden in Islam; that 27...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833570/phenotypic-dimensions-of-spirituality-implications-for-mental-health-in-china-india-and-the-united-states
#5
Clayton H McClintock, Elsa Lau, Lisa Miller
While the field of empirical study on religion and spirituality in relation to mental health has rapidly expanded over the past decade, little is known about underlying dimensions of spirituality cross-culturally conceived. We aimed to bridge this gap by inductively deriving potential universal dimensions of spirituality through a large-scale, multi-national data collection, and examining the relationships of these dimensions with common psychiatric conditions. Five-thousand five-hundred and twelve participants from China, India, and the United States completed a two-hour online survey consisting of wide-ranging measures of the lived experience of spirituality, as well as clinical assessments...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761758/good-for-all-hardly-attending-church-does-not-benefit-religiously-unaffiliated
#6
David Speed, Ken Fowler
The existing literature addressing Religion and Spirituality supports the idea that attending church is positively associated with health outcomes. However, within this literature there has been an impoverished effort to determine whether the Religiously Unaffiliated will report these positive relationships. Using representative data from Ontario (N = 3620), the relationships between Religious/Spiritual variables (Attendance, Prayer/Meditation, and Religiosity) and health outcomes (Happiness, Self-Rated Health, and Satisfaction with Life) were assessed...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579841/understanding-spirituality-from-the-perspective-of-patients-with-mental-disorders-contributions-to-nursing-care
#7
Anna Maria de Oliveira Salimena, Roberta Rocha Belligoli Ferrugini, Maria Carmen Simões Cardoso de Melo, Thais Vasconselos Amorim
OBJECTIVE: To understand the meanings of spirituality from the perspective of patients with mental disorders. METHOD: Qualitative phenomenological research conducted with nine users of a centre for psychosocial care in a city in the interior of Minas Gerais, Brazil, in February 2014. RESULTS: Two units of meaning emerged from the comprehensive analysis: Spirituality is a therapeutic support for mental health; The temple is the religious manifestation of spirituality...
September 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458576/psychological-distress-among-ebola-survivors-discharged-from-an-ebola-treatment-unit-in-monrovia-liberia-a-qualitative-study
#8
Ionara Rabelo, Virginia Lee, Mosoka P Fallah, Moses Massaquoi, Iro Evlampidou, Rosa Crestani, Tom Decroo, Rafael Van den Bergh, Nathalie Severy
INTRODUCTION: A consequence of the West Africa Ebola outbreak 2014-2015 was the unprecedented number of Ebola survivors discharged from the Ebola Treatment Units (ETUs). Liberia alone counted over 5,000 survivors. We undertook a qualitative study in Monrovia to better understand the mental distress experienced by survivors during hospitalization and reintegration into their community. METHODS: Purposively selected Ebola survivors from ELWA3, the largest ETU in Liberia, were invited to join focus group discussions...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447487/spirituality-religiosity-a-cultural-and-psychological-resource-among-sub-saharan-african-migrant-women-with-hiv-aids-in-belgium
#9
Agnes Ebotabe Arrey, Johan Bilsen, Patrick Lacor, Reginald Deschepper
Spirituality/religion serves important roles in coping, survival and maintaining overall wellbeing within African cultures and communities, especially when diagnosed with a chronic disease like HIV/AIDS that can have a profound effect on physical and mental health. However, spirituality/religion can be problematic to some patients and cause caregiving difficulties. The objective of this paper was to examine the role of spirituality/religion as a source of strength, resilience and wellbeing among sub-Saharan African (SSA) migrant women with HIV/AIDS...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417176/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-thai-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Ausanee Wanchai, Duangjai Phrompayak
OBJECTIVE: Patients with diabetes commonly use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Little is known about types and factors related to CAM use in patients with diabetes in Thailand. This study aimed to examine types and factors that were associated with CAM use in Thai diabetic patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of diabetic patients being treated in four primary healthcare units and two secondary hospitals in the north of Thailand was conducted...
July 2016: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337622/spirituality-religiosity-and-weight-management-among-african-american-adolescent-males-the-jackson-heart-kids-pilot-study
#11
Marino A Bruce, Bettina M Beech, Derek M Griffith, Roland J Thorpe
Spirituality and religion have been identified as important determinants of health for adults; however, the impact of faith-oriented factors on health behaviors and outcomes among African American adolescent males has not been well studied. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between religiosity and spirituality and obesity-related behaviors among 12-19 year old African American males (N = 105) in the Jackson Heart KIDS Pilot Study. Key variables of interest are church attendance, prayer, daily spirituality, weight status, attempts to lose weight, nutrition, physical activity, and stress...
July 2016: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237069/an-architecture-for-the-electronic-church-oral-roberts-university-in-tulsa-oklahoma
#12
Margaret M Grubiak
More than a university, Oral Roberts University in Tulsa, Oklahoma, was also the headquarters for evangelist Oral Roberts's electronic church. The electronic church in America, dominated by Christian evangelicals, used technology to spread the Gospel over radio airways and television signals to a dispersed audience. Yet evangelicals like Roberts also constructed ambitious campuses in real space and time. The architecture of Oral Roberts University visualized a modern and "populuxe" image for the electronic church in the 1960s and 1970s...
April 2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129701/erratum-to-prevalence-and-religious-predictors-of-healing-prayer-use-in-the-usa-findings-from-the-baylor-religion-survey
#13
Jeff Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 29, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088659/how-does-religious-attendance-shape-trajectories-of-pornography-use-across-adolescence
#14
Kyler Rasmussen, Alex Bierman
Research increasingly calls attention to the possibility of detrimental consequences of pornography use among adolescents. However, few studies examine adolescent pornography consumption longitudinally or consistently examine the role of religion in shaping pornography consumption, despite an established theoretical basis for the moderating effects of religious attendance on pornography consumption. Using a national longitudinal survey that follows respondents from adolescence into young adulthood, we show that pornography use increases sharply with age, especially among boys...
2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075199/prevalence-and-religious-predictors-of-healing-prayer-use-in-the-usa-findings-from-the-baylor-religion-survey
#15
Jeff Levin
Using data from the 2010 Baylor Religion Survey (N = 1714), this study investigates the prevalence and religious predictors of healing prayer use among US adults. Indicators include prayed for self (lifetime prevalence = 78.8 %), prayed for others (87.4 %), asked for prayer (54.1 %), laying-on-of-hands (26.1 %), and participated in a prayer group (53.0 %). Each was regressed onto eight religious measures, and then again controlling for sociodemographic variables and health. While all religious measures had net effects on at least one healing prayer indicator, the one consistent predictor was a four-item scale assessing a loving relationship with God...
August 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27071796/religious-and-spiritual-beliefs-of-physicians
#16
Kristin A Robinson, Meng-Ru Cheng, Patrick D Hansen, Richard J Gray
The aim of this study is to describe religious and spiritual beliefs of physicians and examine their influence on the decision to pursue medicine and daily medical practice. An anonymous survey was e-mailed to physicians at a large, multidisciplinary tertiary referral center with satellite clinics. Data were collected from January 2014 through February 2014. There were 2097 respondents (69.1 % men), and number of practicing years ranged from ≤1 to ≥30. Primary care physicians or medical specialists represented 74...
April 12, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26562121/chinese-immigrant-religious-institutions-variability-in-views-on-preventing-sexual-transmission-of-hiv
#17
John J Chin, Torsten B Neilands
OBJECTIVES: We examined Chinese immigrant religious institutions' views on teaching about preventing sexual transmission of HIV and the consistency of their views with public health best practices in HIV prevention. METHODS: We used 2009 to 2011 survey data from 712 members of 20 New York City-based Chinese immigrant religious institutions to analyze their views on (1) teaching adolescents about condoms, (2) discussing homosexuality nonjudgmentally, and (3) promoting abstinence until marriage...
January 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26461846/an-81-year-old-woman-with-chronic-illnesses-and-a-strong-faith
#18
Susie T Harris, Harold G Koenig
Mrs. Smith is an 81-year-old woman who has several medical problems. Despite these problems, however, her faith and spirituality strength give her the strength and determination to move forward in life. She stresses that, "My faith helps me cope with my illnesses." This article describes Mrs. Smith's roller coaster life and how faith, prayer, and hope have allowed her to continue to press forward. She interprets pain and illnesses as challenges, not obstacles. Her physician who has been treating her for about 20 years indicates that she has continued to have multiple chronic health issues and has maintained an incredibly positive spirit, particularly when traditional medicine has failed to make a difference...
March 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26440845/gender-association-of-prayer-for-health-perspective-from-university-students-in-islamabad-and-rawalpindi
#19
Masood Ali Shaikh, Anila Kamal, Irum Naqvi
The role of religion and spirituality in coping with disease and promoting health has been reported from many parts of the World. However, no scientific studies on the use of prayers for health and wellbeing have been reported from Pakistan. A cross-sectional survey, using a self-administered questionnaire, was conducted among 1342 graduate and undergraduate students in the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. A huge majority of students had prayed for their own as well as their family members' health in the preceding three months...
October 2015: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26296991/a-case-series-study-of-the-neurophysiological-effects-of-altered-states-of-mind-during-intense-islamic-prayer
#20
Andrew B Newberg, Nancy A Wintering, David B Yaden, Mark R Waldman, Janet Reddin, Abass Alavi
This paper presents a case series with preliminary data regarding the neurophysiological effects of specific prayer practices associated with the Islamic religion. Such practices, like other prayer practices, are likely associated with several coordinated cognitive activities and a complex pattern of brain physiology. However, there may also be changes specific to the goals of Islamic prayer which has, as its most fundamental concept, the surrendering of one's self to God. To evaluate Islamic prayer practices, we measured changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF) using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in three Islamic individuals while practicing two different types of Islamic prayer...
December 2015: Journal of Physiology, Paris
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