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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367490/neighborhood-disadvantage-and-preterm-delivery-in-urban-african-americans-the-moderating-role-of-religious-coping
#1
Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson, Jaime Slaughter-Acey, Cleopatra H Caldwell, Jamila Kwarteng, Dawn P Misra
Evidence suggests that neighborhood disadvantage predicts preterm delivery (PTD). However, the design of most existing studies precludes within-group analyses, which would allow the identification segments of the population at highest risk, as well as preventive factors. African Americans (AA) are disproportionately affected by PTD, are disproportionately concentrated in disadvantaged neighborhoods, and frequently use religious coping in response to chronic stressors. Our objective was to examine the association between neighborhood disadvantage and PTD, and whether religious coping moderated the associations, among postpartum AA women...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338863/attendance-at-religious-services-prayer-religious-coping-and-religious-spiritual-identity-as-predictors-of-all-cause-mortality-in-the-black-women-s-health-study
#2
Tyler J VanderWeele, Jeffrey Yu, Yvette C Cozier, Lauren Wise, M Austin Argentieri, Lynn Rosenberg, Julie R Palmer, Alexandra E Shields
Previous longitudinal studies have consistently shown an association between attendance at religious services and lower all-cause mortality, but the literature on associations between other measures of religion and spirituality (R/S) and mortality is limited. We followed 36,613 respondents from the Black Women's Health Study from 2005 through December 31, 2013 to assess the associations between R/S and incident all-cause mortality using proportional hazards models. After control for numerous demographic and health covariates, together with other R/S variables, attending religious services several times per week was associated with a substantially lower mortality rate ratio (mortality rate ratio = 0...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304260/the-challenges-of-cultural-competency-among-expatriate-nurses-working-in-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#3
Dalyal N Alosaimi, Muayyad M Ahmad
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To explore the cultural challenges facing expatriate nurses working in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Women do not have an active role in the workplace in KSA. Concepts of religion, culture, and language are considered to be crucial and often the lack of women's participation is attributed to these factors. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative approach was used with two methods of data collection: interviews and focus group. The study was located in a hospital setting in Al-Riyadh at KSA...
November 1, 2016: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285439/examination-of-the-role-of-religious-and-psychosocial-factors-in-hiv-medication-adherence-rates
#4
Safiya George Dalmida, Katryna McCoy, Harold G Koenig, Aretha Miller, Marcia McDonnell Holstad, Tami Thomas, Dora Clayton-Jones, Mary Grant, Terri Fleming, Menka Munira Wirani, George Mugoya
Optimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is associated with favorable HIV outcomes, including higher CD4 cell counts, HIV virus suppression and a lower risk of HIV transmission. However, only 25% of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) in the USA are virally suppressed. Sub-optimal adherence (<90-95%) contributes to antiretroviral resistance and worse medical outcomes, including more rapid progression to AIDS and death. Psychosocial factors and religion/spirituality (R/S) have a significant impact on ART adherence, but the findings are mixed...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218982/isolation-and-prayer-as-means-of-solace-for-arab-women-with-breast-cancer-an-in-depth-interview-study
#5
Ghada Najjar Assaf, Eleanor Holroyd, Violeta Lopez
OBJECTIVE: This study explored Arab women's experiences following the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. METHODS: Face-to-face in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 Arab women attending a public hospital in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, following a recent diagnosis of breast cancer. All interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using the thematic method. RESULTS: Arab women's experiences following their breast cancer diagnoses and treatments included the themes of (1) protecting one's self from stigma, (2) facing uncertainties and prayers, and (3) getting on with life...
February 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214730/risk-aversion-and-religious-behaviour-analysis-using-a-sample-of-danish-twins
#6
Jytte Seested Nielsen, Mickael Bech, Kaare Christensen, Astrid Kiil, Niels Christian Hvidt
Economics offers an analytical framework to consider human behaviour including religious behaviour. Within the realm of Expected Utility Theory, religious belief and activity could be interpreted as an insurance both for current life events and for afterlife rewards. Based on that framework, we would expect that risk averse individuals would demand a more generous protection plan which they may do by devoting more effort and resources into religious activities such as church attendance and prayer, which seems to be in accordance with previous empirical results...
February 12, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210172/effects-of-a-12-month-educational-intervention-on-outpatient-clinicians-attitudes-and-behaviors-concerning-spiritual-practices-with-patients
#7
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: We report here the impact of an educational training program on attitudes and practices of physicians (MDs) and mid-level practitioners (MLPs) toward controversial spiritual practices, such as practitioner-led prayer, sharing personal religious beliefs, and encouraging patients' religious beliefs. METHODS: In this single-group experimental study, 427 physicians and 93 MLPs affiliated with the Adventist Health System agreed to complete a questionnaire assessing demographics, practice characteristics, religiosity, and attitudes and behaviors at baseline, 1 month, and 12 months...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193130/religious-coping-and-types-and-sources-of-information-used-in-making-prostate-cancer-treatment-decisions
#8
Janice V Bowie, Caryn N Bell, Altovise Ewing, Ballington Kinlock, Ashley Ezema, Roland J Thorpe, Thomas A LaVeist
Treatment experiences for prostate cancer survivors can be challenging and dependent on many clinical and psychosocial factors. One area that is less understood is the information needs and sources men utilize. Among these is the influence of religion as a valid typology and the value it may have on treatment decisions. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between race, religion, and cancer treatment decisions in African American men compared with White men. Data were from the Diagnosis and Decisions in Prostate Cancer Treatment Outcomes Study that consisted of 877 African American and White men...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041787/brain-mechanisms-in-religion-and-spirituality-an-integrative-predictive-processing-framework
#9
REVIEW
Michiel van Elk, André Aleman
We present the theory of predictive processing as a unifying framework to account for the neurocognitive basis of religion and spirituality. Our model is substantiated by discussing four different brain mechanisms that play a key role in religion and spirituality: temporal brain areas are associated with religious visions and ecstatic experiences; multisensory brain areas and the default mode network are involved in self-transcendent experiences; the Theory of Mind-network is associated with prayer experiences and over attribution of intentionality; top-down mechanisms instantiated in the anterior cingulate cortex and the medial prefrontal cortex could be involved in acquiring and maintaining intuitive supernatural beliefs...
February 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035632/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-the-faculty-of-theology-students-on-organ-transplantation
#10
Seher Gürdil Yilmaz, Burcu Opak Yücel, Döndü Çuhadar
The objective in this study is to determine the knowledge and attitudes of the Faculty of Theology students on organ transplantation. The study that was planned as a descriptive study took place between March-May 2014 with the participation of 119 students enrolled at the Faculty of Theology. It was determined as a result of the study that the students see lack of knowledge (49.6%) as the top obstacle for organ transplantation followed by religion (21%), that 52.1% accept that organ transplantation is not forbidden in Islam; that 27...
June 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833570/phenotypic-dimensions-of-spirituality-implications-for-mental-health-in-china-india-and-the-united-states
#11
Clayton H McClintock, Elsa Lau, Lisa Miller
While the field of empirical study on religion and spirituality in relation to mental health has rapidly expanded over the past decade, little is known about underlying dimensions of spirituality cross-culturally conceived. We aimed to bridge this gap by inductively deriving potential universal dimensions of spirituality through a large-scale, multi-national data collection, and examining the relationships of these dimensions with common psychiatric conditions. Five-thousand five-hundred and twelve participants from China, India, and the United States completed a two-hour online survey consisting of wide-ranging measures of the lived experience of spirituality, as well as clinical assessments...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761758/good-for-all-hardly-attending-church-does-not-benefit-religiously-unaffiliated
#12
David Speed, Ken Fowler
The existing literature addressing Religion and Spirituality supports the idea that attending church is positively associated with health outcomes. However, within this literature there has been an impoverished effort to determine whether the Religiously Unaffiliated will report these positive relationships. Using representative data from Ontario (N = 3620), the relationships between Religious/Spiritual variables (Attendance, Prayer/Meditation, and Religiosity) and health outcomes (Happiness, Self-Rated Health, and Satisfaction with Life) were assessed...
June 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579841/understanding-spirituality-from-the-perspective-of-patients-with-mental-disorders-contributions-to-nursing-care
#13
Anna Maria de Oliveira Salimena, Roberta Rocha Belligoli Ferrugini, Maria Carmen Simões Cardoso de Melo, Thais Vasconselos Amorim
OBJECTIVE: To understand the meanings of spirituality from the perspective of patients with mental disorders. METHOD: Qualitative phenomenological research conducted with nine users of a centre for psychosocial care in a city in the interior of Minas Gerais, Brazil, in February 2014. RESULTS: Two units of meaning emerged from the comprehensive analysis: Spirituality is a therapeutic support for mental health; The temple is the religious manifestation of spirituality...
September 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458576/psychological-distress-among-ebola-survivors-discharged-from-an-ebola-treatment-unit-in-monrovia-liberia-a-qualitative-study
#14
Ionara Rabelo, Virginia Lee, Mosoka P Fallah, Moses Massaquoi, Iro Evlampidou, Rosa Crestani, Tom Decroo, Rafael Van den Bergh, Nathalie Severy
INTRODUCTION: A consequence of the West Africa Ebola outbreak 2014-2015 was the unprecedented number of Ebola survivors discharged from the Ebola Treatment Units (ETUs). Liberia alone counted over 5,000 survivors. We undertook a qualitative study in Monrovia to better understand the mental distress experienced by survivors during hospitalization and reintegration into their community. METHODS: Purposively selected Ebola survivors from ELWA3, the largest ETU in Liberia, were invited to join focus group discussions...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447487/spirituality-religiosity-a-cultural-and-psychological-resource-among-sub-saharan-african-migrant-women-with-hiv-aids-in-belgium
#15
Agnes Ebotabe Arrey, Johan Bilsen, Patrick Lacor, Reginald Deschepper
Spirituality/religion serves important roles in coping, survival and maintaining overall wellbeing within African cultures and communities, especially when diagnosed with a chronic disease like HIV/AIDS that can have a profound effect on physical and mental health. However, spirituality/religion can be problematic to some patients and cause caregiving difficulties. The objective of this paper was to examine the role of spirituality/religion as a source of strength, resilience and wellbeing among sub-Saharan African (SSA) migrant women with HIV/AIDS...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417176/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-thai-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Ausanee Wanchai, Duangjai Phrompayak
OBJECTIVE: Patients with diabetes commonly use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Little is known about types and factors related to CAM use in patients with diabetes in Thailand. This study aimed to examine types and factors that were associated with CAM use in Thai diabetic patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of diabetic patients being treated in four primary healthcare units and two secondary hospitals in the north of Thailand was conducted...
July 2016: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337622/spirituality-religiosity-and-weight-management-among-african-american-adolescent-males-the-jackson-heart-kids-pilot-study
#17
Marino A Bruce, Bettina M Beech, Derek M Griffith, Roland J Thorpe
Spirituality and religion have been identified as important determinants of health for adults; however, the impact of faith-oriented factors on health behaviors and outcomes among African American adolescent males has not been well studied. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between religiosity and spirituality and obesity-related behaviors among 12-19 year old African American males (N = 105) in the Jackson Heart KIDS Pilot Study. Key variables of interest are church attendance, prayer, daily spirituality, weight status, attempts to lose weight, nutrition, physical activity, and stress...
July 2016: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237069/an-architecture-for-the-electronic-church-oral-roberts-university-in-tulsa-oklahoma
#18
Margaret M Grubiak
More than a university, Oral Roberts University in Tulsa, Oklahoma, was also the headquarters for evangelist Oral Roberts's electronic church. The electronic church in America, dominated by Christian evangelicals, used technology to spread the Gospel over radio airways and television signals to a dispersed audience. Yet evangelicals like Roberts also constructed ambitious campuses in real space and time. The architecture of Oral Roberts University visualized a modern and "populuxe" image for the electronic church in the 1960s and 1970s...
April 2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129701/erratum-to-prevalence-and-religious-predictors-of-healing-prayer-use-in-the-usa-findings-from-the-baylor-religion-survey
#19
Jeff Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 29, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088659/how-does-religious-attendance-shape-trajectories-of-pornography-use-across-adolescence
#20
Kyler Rasmussen, Alex Bierman
Research increasingly calls attention to the possibility of detrimental consequences of pornography use among adolescents. However, few studies examine adolescent pornography consumption longitudinally or consistently examine the role of religion in shaping pornography consumption, despite an established theoretical basis for the moderating effects of religious attendance on pornography consumption. Using a national longitudinal survey that follows respondents from adolescence into young adulthood, we show that pornography use increases sharply with age, especially among boys...
2016: Journal of Adolescence
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