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Concussion headache

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926944/coach-cv-the-seven-clinical-phenotypes-of-concussion
#1
Neil Craton, Haitham Ali, Stephane Lenoski
Our understanding of the diverse physiological manifestations of concussion is changing rapidly. This has an influence on the clinical assessment of patients who have sustained a concussion. The 2017 Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport states that numerous post-injury clinical findings, such as cognitive deficits, post-traumatic headaches, dizziness, difficulties with oculomotor function, and depression have all been associated with a poorer prognosis in concussed patients. This demonstrates that there are several potential clinical manifestations after head injury warranting clinical evaluation...
September 16, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874926/craniosacral-therapy-and-visceral-manipulation-a-new-treatment-intervention-for-concussion-recovery
#2
Gail Wetzler, Melinda Roland, Sally Fryer-Dietz, Dee Dettmann-Ahern
Background: Military service members and veterans face health issues related to traumatic brain injury (TBI), especially during combat, use of heavy equipment, and exposures to environmental hazards and explosives. There were 400,000 TBIs reported in deployed U.S. troops in 2012. Athletes are also subject to TBI. Studies have indicated that some manual therapies could be helpful for treating patients who have post-concussive syndrome. Objective: This case series report describes the effects of CranioSacral Therapy (CST), Visceral Manipulation (VM), and Neural Manipulation (NM) modalities for treating patients who have post-concussion syndrome...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872344/quality-of-return-to-work-in-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-prospective-investigation-of-associations-among-post-concussion-symptoms-neuropsychological-functions-working-status-and-stability
#3
Shao-Ying Chu, Yi-Hsin Tsai, Sheng-Huang Xiao, Sheng-Jean Huang, Chi-Cheng Yang
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Although 'return to work' (RTW) has been always emphasized for patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), methodological drawbacks weakened its representativeness. This study thus aims to evaluate the 'work quality' (WQ) which originated from 'working status' and 'working stability' simultaneously, and to further explore the associations among post-concussion symptoms (PCS), neuropsychological functions and WQ. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A total of 179 participants, which included 132 patients with MTBI and 47 healthy participants, were prospectively recruited...
September 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816563/highlighting-the-differences-in-post-traumatic-symptoms-between-patients-with-complicated-and-uncomplicated-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-injured-controls
#4
J Julien, S Tinawi, K Anderson, L C Frenette, H Audrit, M C Ferland, M Feyz, E De Guise
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the current study is to explore the difference in acute post-concussive symptoms (PCS), headaches, sleep and mood complaints between groups of patients with complicated and uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) and a comparable group of injured controls. Interactions among the following four factors were studied: presence of (1) PCS; (2) headaches; (3) sleep disorders; and (4) psychological status. METHODS: A total of 198 patients, followed at the outpatient mTBI clinic of the MUHC-MGH, completed questionnaires and a brief neurological assessment two weeks post-trauma...
August 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806161/concussion-evaluation-and-management
#5
REVIEW
Alexandra Stillman, Michael Alexander, Rebekah Mannix, Nancy Madigan, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, William P Meehan
Concussion is a common problem often managed by nonneurologists. It is often accompanied by headaches, dizziness, sleep disturbance, psychiatric symptoms, and cognitive issues. Here, we outline how to evaluate and manage concussion, including treatment of the most common symptoms.
August 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673412/sport-related-headache
#6
REVIEW
Sylvia Lucas, Heidi K Blume
Headache occurring in a sports setting may be primary or secondary headache. Headache is the primary symptom reported after concussion. Cumulative incidence and prevalence of posttraumatic headache (PTH) are higher following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) compared with moderate to severe TBI. Frequency is higher in those with more severe PTH. Migraine or probable migraine is the most common headache type after any severity TBI using primary headache disorder criteria. Management is empiric. Expert opinion recommends treating PTH according to clinical characteristics of primary headache...
August 2017: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566342/predictors-of-clinical-recovery-from-concussion-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Grant L Iverson, Andrew J Gardner, Douglas P Terry, Jennie L Ponsford, Allen K Sills, Donna K Broshek, Gary S Solomon
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of factors that might be associated with, or influence, clinical recovery from sport-related concussion. Clinical recovery was defined functionally as a return to normal activities, including school and sports, following injury. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, Scopus and Web of Science. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Studies published by June of 2016 that addressed clinical recovery from concussion...
June 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560540/post-traumatic-headache-the-use-of-the-sport-concussion-assessment-tool-scat-3-as-a-predictor-of-post-concussion-recovery
#8
Olivia Begasse de Dhaem, William B Barr, Laura J Balcer, Steven L Galetta, Mia T Minen
BACKGROUND: Given that post-traumatic headache is one of the most prevalent and long-lasting post-concussion sequelae, causes significant morbidity, and might be associated with slower neurocognitive recovery, we sought to evaluate the use of concussion screening scores in a concussion clinic population to assess for post-traumatic headache. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of 254 concussion patients from the New York University (NYU) Concussion Registry...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537493/the-relationship-between-cerebral-vasoreactivity-and-post-concussive-symptom-severity
#9
Tamadher Albalawi, Jason W Hamner, Matthew Lapointe, William P Meehan, Can Ozan Tan
While pathophysiology underlying post-concussion symptom burden is unknown, data suggest that cerebrovascular dysfunction may be among the culprits. We sought to determine whether the degree of impairment in the ability of cerebrovasculature to buffer against changes in arterial gases (vasoreactivity) is associated with concussion symptoms. In 15 participants (19 ± 5 years, 1 week to 1 year post-injury) diagnosed with concussion, we assessed vasoreactivity from the slope of the linear relationship of beat-by-beat middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity (transcranial Doppler ultrasound) to end-tidal CO2 during progressive increases in end-tidal CO2 (air rebreathing)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480575/comprehensive-headache-experience-in-collegiate-student-athletes-an-initial-report-from-the-ncaa-headache-task-force
#10
Tad Seifert, Alicia Sufrinko, Robert Cowan, W Scott Black, Dave Watson, Bill Edwards, Scott Livingston, Keith Webster, David Akers, Mathew Lively, Anthony P Kontos
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of primary headache disorders in the general population provides a unique challenge in the evaluation of headache occurring in the context of sport. Despite a wealth of studies exploring the epidemiology of headache in the layperson, little is known about the prevalence and nature of headaches in collegiate student-athletes. These scenarios are challenging in the return to play context, as it is often unclear whether an athlete has an exacerbation of a primary headache disorder, new onset headache unrelated to trauma, or has suffered a concussive injury...
June 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399158/mild-traumatic-brain-injury-mtbi-and-chronic-cognitive-impairment-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Kerry McInnes, Christopher L Friesen, Diane E MacKenzie, David A Westwood, Shaun G Boe
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), or concussion, is the most common type of traumatic brain injury. With mTBI comes symptoms that include headaches, fatigue, depression, anxiety and irritability, as well as impaired cognitive function. Symptom resolution is thought to occur within 3 months post-injury, with the exception of a small percentage of individuals who are said to experience persistent post-concussion syndrome. The number of individuals who experience persistent symptoms appears to be low despite clear evidence of longer-term pathophysiological changes resulting from mTBI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390514/rehabilitation-of-persistent-symptoms-after-concussion
#12
REVIEW
Rebecca N Tapia, Blessen C Eapen
One of the more challenging aspects beyond acute concussion management occurs when symptoms do not resolve as anticipated over time. The term postconcussion syndrome generally refers to a presentation of multiple ongoing symptoms months to years from injury, typically comprised of physical, cognitive, and emotional complaints such as headaches, poor sleep, poor concentration, dizziness, and irritability. Although individual factors vary, the condition is often regarded as multifactorial. Persistent issues can pose a threat to full community reintegration following concussion and reduce overall quality of life; thus early recognition and treatment are essential to optimize long-term outcomes...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387557/a-physiological-approach-to-prolonged-recovery-from-sport-related-concussion
#13
REVIEW
John Leddy, John G Baker, Mohammad Nadir Haider, Andrea Hinds, Barry Willer
Management of the athlete with postconcussion syndrome (PCS) is challenging because of the nonspecificity of PCS symptoms. Ongoing symptoms reflect prolonged concussion pathophysiology or conditions such as migraine headaches, depression or anxiety, chronic pain, cervical injury, visual dysfunction, vestibular dysfunction, or some combination of these. In this paper, we focus on the physiological signs of concussion to help narrow the differential diagnosis of PCS in athletes. The physiological effects of exercise on concussion are especially important for athletes...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387555/epidemiology-of-sport-related-concussions-in-high-school-athletes-national-athletic-treatment-injury-and-outcomes-network-nation-2011-2012-through-2013-2014
#14
Kathryn L O'Connor, Melissa M Baker, Sara L Dalton, Thomas P Dompier, Steven P Broglio, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT: Sports participation is one of the leading causes of concussions among nearly 8 million US high school student-athletes. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of sport-related concussion (SRC) in 27 high school sports during the 2011-2012 through 2013-2014 academic years. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Aggregate injury and exposure data from 27 sports in 147 high schools in the National Athletic Treatment, Injury and Outcomes Network (NATION)...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365745/consistency-of-self-reported-neurocognitive-symptoms-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-concussive-events-from-end-of-first-deployment-to-veteran-health-administration-comprehensive-traumatic-brain-injury-evaluation-by-operations-enduring-freedom-iraqi
#15
Arthur C Russo, Esther C Fingerhut
Objective: This study examined the consistency of self-reported symptoms and concussive events in combat veterans who reported experiencing concussive events. Method: One hundred and forty, single deployed, Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation New Dawn combat veterans with Veteran Health Administration (VHA) Comprehensive Traumatic Brain Injury Evaluations (CTBIE) and no post-deployment head injury were examined to assess consistency of self-reported (a) traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related symptoms, (b) post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-related symptoms, and (c) TBI-related concussive events from soon after deployment to time of VHA CTBIE...
March 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347935/clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-treatment-of-the-cervical-spine-in-patients-with-persistent-post-concussion-symptoms-a-retrospective-analysis
#16
Ewan Kennedy, Dusty Quinn, Steve Tumilty, Cathy M Chapple
BACKGROUND: Concussion is typically defined as a mild brain injury, and yet the brain is unlikely to be the only source of persistent post-concussion symptoms. Concurrent injury to the cervical spine in particular is acknowledged as a potential source of common persistent symptoms such as headache, dizziness and neck pain. OBJECTIVES: To describe the cervical spine findings and outcomes of treatment in a series of patients with persistent post-concussion symptoms, and describe the clinical characteristics of a cervicogenic component when it is present...
June 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320567/gender-differences-in-concussion-and-postinjury-cognitive-findings-in-an-older-and-younger-pediatric-population
#17
Sarah Tanveer, Nassim Zecavati, Elizabeth Bronson Delasobera, Temitayo Oyefunmike Oyegbile
BACKGROUND: Studies have documented gender differences associated with concussion. The purpose of this study was to determine if these gender differences are also noted within a pediatric population. METHODS: This prospective study analyzed 1971 patients who had completed preconcussion and postconcussion neuropsychological testing within the Washington, DC, area. RESULTS: Our results showed that children and adolescents with concussion exhibit gender differences with respect to risk factors, recovery, and symptomatology...
May 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314862/epidemiology-and-prognosis-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-returning-soldiers-a-cohort-study
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Karen Schwab, Heidi P Terrio, Lisa A Brenner, Renee M Pazdan, Henry P McMillan, Margaret MacDonald, Sidney R Hinds, Ann I Scher
OBJECTIVE: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI; concussion) is common in returning service members yet limited definitive evidence exists on its prognosis. METHODS: Almost 25,000 non-medically evacuated soldiers returning from Afghanistan or Iraq to 2 military bases between 2009 and 2014 were screened for mTBI. We invited a random sample to participate in the present study, oversampling those screening positive, resulting in 557 mTBI cases and 1,010 controls, of whom 366 cases and 599 controls completed 3-month follow-up evaluations...
April 18, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262355/the-importance-of-a-neck-exam-in-sport-related-concussion-cervical-schwannoma-in-post-concussion-syndrome
#19
David M Langelier, Kathryn J Schneider, John Hurlbert, Chantel T Debert
OBJECTIVE: Few cases of cervical schwannoma have been reported following head trauma. The present case, involves a schwannoma of the C2 spinal nerve mimicking post-concussion symptoms following a sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Case study. SETTING: University of Calgary, Sport Medicine Clinic, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. RESULTS: We report a 28 year old, athlete who developed headache, dizziness, photophobia, and neck pain following a cycling accident...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239838/which-matters-more-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-headache-characteristics-and-diagnosis-type-in-soldiers-with-mtbi-concussion
#20
Alan G Finkel, Brian J Ivins, Juanita A Yerry, John S Klaric, Ann Scher, Y Sammy Choi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the diagnostic types and characteristics of headaches in soldiers with mild traumatic brain injury during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. BACKGROUND: Persistent post-traumatic headache interferes with returns to activity or duty. The most commonly cited headache diagnosis after concussion is migraine. We hypothesize that headache diagnosis type, eg, migraine, is not sufficient to predict relationships with occupational outcomes after concussion...
May 2017: Headache
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