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Concussion headache

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899434/development-of-cgrp-dependent-pain-and-headache-related-behaviours-in-a-rat-model-of-concussion-implications-for-mechanisms-of-post-traumatic-headache
#1
Dara Bree, Dan Levy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic headache (PTH) is one of the most common, debilitating and difficult symptoms to manage after a mild traumatic brain injury, or concussion. However, the mechanisms underlying PTH remain elusive, in part due to the lack of a clinically relevant animal model. Here, we characterized for the first time, headache and pain-related behaviours in a rat model of concussion evoked by a mild closed head injury (mCHI) - the major type of military and civilian related trauma associated with PTH - and tested responses to current and novel headache therapies...
November 29, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856122/evaluation-of-a-follow-up-program-for-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-schoolchildren
#2
R Nowacki, N van Eldik, M Eikens, R Roijen, N Haga, D Schott, T Simons-Sporken, M Wennekes
INTRODUCTION: Mild traumatic brain injury is a common condition in childhood. Although classified as mild, post-concussive symptoms may persist and interfere with daily activities. Because no established guidelines exist with respect to follow-up medical care for these children, there may be a delay in receiving appropriate care. We developed a follow up program to screen for persistent symptoms and if necessary, refer patients for further medical assistance. METHODS: From July 2010 until December 2013, eligible children aged 4-18 years who presented after sustaining a mild traumatic brain injury were included...
November 2, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854143/assessment-of-acute-head-injury-in-an-emergency-department-population-using-sport-concussion-assessment-tool-3rd-edition
#3
Abdullah Bin Zahid, Molly E Hubbard, Vikalpa M Dammavalam, David Y Balser, Gritz Pierre, Amie Kim, Radek Kolecki, Talha Mehmood, Stephen P Wall, Spiros G Frangos, Paul P Huang, David E Tupper, William Barr, Uzma Samadani
Sport Concussion Assessment Tool version 3 (SCAT-3) is one of the most widely researched concussion assessment tools in athletes. Here normative data for SCAT3 in nonathletes are presented. The SCAT3 was administered to 98 nonathlete healthy controls, as well as 118 participants with head-injury and 46 participants with other body trauma (OI) presenting to the ED. Reference values were derived and classifier functions were built to assess the accuracy of SCAT3. The control population had a mean of 2.30 (SD = 3...
November 17, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834587/the-effectiveness-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-as-a-treatment-for-postconcussion-symptoms
#4
Jeremy R Hawkins, Kayla E Gonzalez, Kristin Heumann
: Clinical Scenario: Concussions are a prevalent topic in medicine. Concussion symptoms include headaches, dizziness, nausea, neuropsychiatric symptoms, and cognitive impairments, the persistence of these referred to as postconcussion syndrome. The use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has been proposed and evaluated as an additional treatment of these symptoms. Using HBOT is an innovative approach that has been considered by many, but has received both criticism and acceptance. CLINICAL QUESTION: Is hyperbaric oxygen therapy treatment an effective means of reducing symptoms for individuals suffering from postconcussion syndrome (persistence of symptoms for > 3 months)? Summary of Search: The literature was searched for studies that were relevant to the clinical question...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834505/concussion-like-symptoms-in-child-and-youth-athletes-at-baseline-what-is-typical
#5
Anne Williams Hunt, Melissa Paniccia, Nick Reed, Michelle Keightley
CONTEXT:  After a concussion, guidelines emphasize that an athlete should be asymptomatic before starting a return-to-play protocol. However, many concussion symptoms are nonspecific and may be present in individuals without concussion. Limited evidence exists regarding the presence of "typical" or preinjury (baseline) symptoms in child and youth athletes. OBJECTIVE:  To describe the frequency of symptoms reported at baseline by child and youth athletes and identify how age, sex, history of concussion, and learning factors influence the presence of baseline symptoms...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813685/physical-activity-and-intermittent-postconcussion-symptoms-after-a-period-of-symptom-limited-physical-and-cognitive-rest
#6
Quinton Sawyer, Brian Vesci, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
: Reference: Schneider KJ, Iverson GL, Emery CA, McCrory P, Herring SA, Meeuwisse WH. The effects of rest and treatment following sport-related concussion: a systematic review of the literature. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(5):304-307. CLINICAL QUESTION: After concussion and a period of symptom-limited physical and cognitive rest, do athletes who experience intermittent symptoms return to asymptomatic condition more quickly with physical activity than with prolonged physical rest? DATA SOURCES: One investigator performed an individual search for each research question using the following databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registers, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, ProQuest, PsychInfo, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764223/academic-outcomes-in-high-school-students-after-a-concussion-a-retrospective-population-based-analysis
#7
Kelly Russell, Michael G Hutchison, Erin Selci, Jeff Leiter, Daniel Chateau, Michael J Ellis
BACKGROUND: Many concussion symptoms, such as headaches, vision problems, or difficulty remembering or concentrating may deleteriously affect school functioning. Our objective was to determine if academic performance was lower in the academic calendar year that students sustain a concussion compared to the previous year when they did not sustain a concussion. METHODS: Using Manitoba Health and Manitoba Education data, we conducted a population-based, controlled before-after study from 2005-2006 to 2010-2011 academic years...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747745/epidemiology-of-sports-related-concussion-in-seven-us-high-school-and-collegiate-sports
#8
Stephen W Marshall, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Viswanathan Shankar, Michael McCrea, Robert C Cantu
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of sports-related concussion is not well-described in the literature. This paper presents a descriptive epidemiology of concussion in seven high school and collegiate sports. METHODS: We used the data from Concussion Prevention Initiative (CPI), which enrolled 8905 athletes at 210 high schools and 26 colleges in a prospective cohort study of 7 sports (football, men's and women's soccer, men's and women's lacrosse, and men's and women's ice hockey) between 1999 and 2001...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709555/post-concussive-syndrome-a-focus-on-post-traumatic-headache-and-related-cognitive-psychiatric-and-sleep-issues
#9
Mia T Minen, Alexandra Boubour, Harjasleen Walia, William Barr
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is a secondary headache disorder following traumatic brain injury. We sought to examine the recent literature on PTH and associated cognitive, psychiatric, and sleep conditions to understand the latest findings about the associated conditions and available screening tools, and to understand the available treatment options for PTH. RECENT FINDINGS: Up to one third of PTH patients may have depression and about one quarter may have insomnia...
November 2016: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673022/poster-265-relationship-between-severe-headache-and-elevated-depression-and-anxiety-scores-after-sports-related-concussion
#10
Kathleen R Bell, Bert B Vargas, Kristin Wilmoth, Nyaz Didehbani, Elida Godbey, Christopher Paliotta, Munro Cullum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661197/chronic-headaches-after-a-concussion-in-an-obese-16-year-old-girl
#11
Maya Kumar, Sheila Gahagan, Bretten Pickering, Jeffrey Gold, Martin T Stein
Jennifer is a 16-year-old Latina girl who is new to your practice. During her first well visit, she mentions that she has had daily headaches for 2 years. They began after sustaining a concussion in a car accident. Typically, her headaches are bilateral and "squeezing"; they occur in the afternoons and last for a few hours. Her concussion also resulted in depressed mood, which has improved over time.When you ask if her headaches have changed recently, she says that they have been worse for the last few days...
November 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660598/chiropractic-management-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-a-14-year-old-hockey-player-with-postconcussion-symptoms-a-case-report
#12
Harold M Olson, Michael J Tunning, Ronnie J Boesch
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the chiropractic management of a student athlete with postconcussion syndrome. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 14-year-old male hockey player presented to a chiropractic clinic with postconcussion symptoms 13 days after his initial injury. He experienced an occipital headache with a pain rating of 8/10, upset stomach, blurry vision, nausea, dizziness, balance problems, a "foggy feeling," difficulty with concentration, difficulty with memory, fatigue, confusion, drowsiness, and irritability...
September 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620871/graded-aerobic-treadmill-testing-in-pediatric-sports-related-concussion-safety-clinical-use-and-patient-outcomes
#13
Dean Cordingley, Richard Girardin, Karen Reimer, Lesley Ritchie, Jeff Leiter, Kelly Russell, Michael J Ellis
OBJECTIVE The objectives of this study were 2-fold: 1) to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and clinical use of graded aerobic treadmill testing in pediatric patients with sports-related concussion (SRC), and 2) to evaluate the clinical outcomes of treatment with a submaximal aerobic exercise program in patients with physiological post-concussion disorder (PCD). METHODS The authors conducted a retrospective chart review of pediatric patients (age < 20 years) with SRC who were referred to a multidisciplinary pediatric concussion program and underwent graded aerobic treadmill testing between October 9, 2014, and February 11, 2016...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474382/multiple-past-concussions-in-high-school-football-players-are-there-differences-in-cognitive-functioning-and-symptom-reporting
#14
Brian L Brooks, Rebekah Mannix, Bruce Maxwell, Ross Zafonte, Paul D Berkner, Grant L Iverson
BACKGROUND: There is increasing concern about the possible long-term effects of multiple concussions, particularly on the developing adolescent brain. Whether the effect of multiple concussions is detectable in high school football players has not been well studied, although the public health implications are great in this population. PURPOSE: To determine if there are measureable differences in cognitive functioning or symptom reporting in high school football players with a history of multiple concussions...
December 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455527/applications-of-transductive-spectral-graph-methods-in-a-military-medical-concussion-database
#15
Peter B Walker, Jacob N Norris, Anna E Tshiffiley, Melissa L Mehalick, Craig A Cunningham, Ian N Davidson
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most common forms of neurotrauma that has affected more than 250,000 military service members over the last decade alone. While in battle, service members who experience TBI are at significant risk for the development of normal TBI symptoms, as well as risk for the development of psychological disorders such as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). As such, these service members often require intense bouts of medication and therapy in order to resume full return-to-duty status...
July 21, 2016: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445251/sports-neurology-in-clinical-practice-case-studies
#16
REVIEW
Tad Seifert
With regard to persistent posttraumatic headache, there is legitimate concern that duration of symptoms may have an impact on the efficacy of future treatment attempts. Without neuropathologic confirmation, a clinical diagnosis of chronic traumatic encephalopathy cannot be made with a high degree of confidence. Sport-related headaches are challenging in a return-to-play context, because it is often unclear whether an athlete has an exacerbation of a primary headache disorder, has new-onset headache unrelated to trauma, or is in the recovery phase after concussion...
August 2016: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428679/is-migraine-headache-associated-with-concussion-in-athletes-a-case-control-study
#17
James T Eckner, Tad Seifert, Allison Pescovitz, Max Zeiger, Jeffrey S Kutcher
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between migraine headache and concussion in athletes. DESIGN: Case-control observational study. SETTING: A university-associated combined sports neurology and orthopedic sports medicine clinic. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 221 male (n = 140) and female (n = 81) athletes aged 12 to 24 years, including 115 concussion cases (52%) and 106 orthopedic controls (48%), were included in this study...
July 15, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428677/assessment-of-the-postural-stability-of-female-and-male-athletes
#18
David R Howell, Emily Hanson, Dai Sugimoto, Andrea Stracciolini, William P Meehan
OBJECTIVE: Postural stability is often affected by sport-related injuries and subsequently evaluated during postinjury examinations. Intrinsic factors, however, may also affect postural control. We sought to compare the postural control of female and male athletes as measured simultaneously by (1) the modified balance error scoring system (mBESS) and (2) a video-force plate system. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Sports injury prevention center...
July 15, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234985/examination-of-teacher-knowledge-dissemination-preferences-and-classroom-management-of-student-concussions-implications-for-return-to-learn-protocols
#19
Laura E Dreer, Maria T Crowley, Augusta Cash, Jilian A O'Neill, Molly K Cox
Objectives To determine teacher knowledge of (1) concussion symptomatology, (2) dissemination preferences, and (3) classroom management practices of student concussions. Study Design A cross-sectional survey assessing concussion-related information was completed by teachers/instructors in the state of Alabama. Results One-hundred and thirty participants completed the survey. Only a quarter perceived they were "very" or "extremely" confident enough to recognize signs related to a concussion (22.3%), and only 12...
May 26, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231525/the-prevalence-of-headache-among-athletic-university-students
#20
Pegah Jahani, Mohsen Salesi, Maral Marzban, Gholamreza Abdollahifard
BACKGROUND: Headache is certainly one of the most common medical complaints of general population and one of the important causes of consumption of drugs. Despite its high overall prevalence, the epidemiology of exertional headache is not clear enough. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of headache in athletic and non-athletic university students and also estimating its variation between different sports fields including concussion prone sports. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 739 subjects (367 athletes and 372 non-athletes)...
March 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
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